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Full text of "A dictionary of the Scottish language : in which the words are explained in their different senses, authorized by the names of the writers by whom they are used, or the titles of the works in which they occur, and derived from their originals"

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3  1833  01814  4912 






0[<\Q,  ZA% 













F.R.S.E.  F.S.A.  &c. 









&-  If 

Printed  by  William  Tait,  107,  Prince'*  Street 



A  complete  Abridgment  of  the  learned  Dr.  Jamieson's  Etymo- 
logical Dictionary  of  the  Scottish  Language,  with  the  Supplement  to 
that  elaborate  and  erudite  work,  has  long  been  considered  a  deside- 
ratum in  the  literature  of  this  country,  as  the  expense  of  the 
Dictionary  and  Supplement,  in  four  large  quarto  volumes,  has  hitherto 
rendered  this  valuable  work  almost  a  sealed  book  to  the  bulk  of  the 
community.  To  supply  this  want,  as  far  as  it  can  be  supplied  by 
an  abridgment,  has  been  the  anxious  aim  of  the  Editor;  and  the 
plan  which  he  has  followed,  is  exactly  that  adopted  by  Dr.  Jamieson 
himself,  in  the  limited  Abridgment  of  the  original  Dictionary,  which 
he  published  many  years  ago,  and  long  before  he  brought  out  the 
Supplement  to  this  great  national  work.  In  the  Preface  to  his 
abridgment,  Dr.  Jamieson  states  that, — 

"  He  has  followed  the  same  plan  with  that  of  the  abridgment  of 
Dr.  Johnson's  English  Dictionary ;  in  giving  all  the  terms  contained 
in  the  larger  work,  in  their  various  significations,  the  names  of  the 
writers  by  whom  they  are  used,  or  the  titles  of  the  works  in  which 
they  occur,  and  their  derivations.  In  one  instance  only  has  he 
deviated  from  the  plan  of  the  great  English  Lexicographer,  in  placing 
the  etymons  after  the  definitions.  This  mode  is  undoubtedly  the 
most  simple ;  as  a  reader,  when  looking  into  a  Dictionary  for  the 
origin  of  a  word  with  which  he  is  familiar,  or  for  the  signification  of 
one  with  which  he  is  unacquainted,  must  be  supposed  to  turn  his  eye 
first  to  the  definition,  that  he  may  know  whether  this  is  the  word 
that  he  looks  for,  or  whether,  in  the  passage  in  which  it  has  occurred, 
it  can  bear  the  sense  there  given,  before  he  thinks  of  examining  its 


origin,  or  can  form  any  judgment  as  to  the  propriety  of  the  etymon 
that  may  be  offered." 

In  the  Abridgment  now  laid  before  the  public,  every  word  contained 
in  the  Quarto  Dictionary  and  Supplement  is  carefully  incorporated  ; 
and  the  various  meanings  attached  to  each,  along  with  the  etymons, 
are  given  at  much  greater  length  than  is  usual  in  works  of  the  kind. 
The  charm  of  Dr.  Jamieson's  great  work  is  the  mass  of  antiquarian 
and  traditionary  lore  which  his  Dictionary  and  Supplement  contain. 
In  an  Abridgment  of  four  quarto  volumes,  comparatively  little  of 
this  can  be  embodied  in  a  single  octavo  volume.  As  far,  however, 
as  his  limited  space  would  allow,  the  Editor  has  endeavoured  to  embody 
the  proverbial  sayings,  and  give  a  brief  description  of  the  old  usages 
and  manners  of  Scotland. 

Edinburgh,  Feb.  20,  1846. 














Compl.  S. 











Ed.  Edit. 








Gl.  Gloss. 












L.  Lat. 




Anglia  Borealis,  North  of  Eng- 


Moeso-Gothic,  as  preserved  in 


"  Ulphilas'  Version   of  the 






Alemannic  language. 


Manuscript,  or  corrected  from 

Ancient,  or  Anciently. 


County  or  Dialect  of  Angus. 



Armorican,  or  language  of  Bre- 






Anglo-Saxon  language. 

part.  pr. 

Participle  present. 

Belgic  language. 

part.  pa. 

Participle  past. 

Cambro-BritanniCj   or    Welsh 


Persian  language. 






Precopensian    dialect    of   the 

Used  occasionally  for  Chaucer. 







Preterite,  or  past  tense. 

Complaynt  of  Scotland. 


Pronoun;  also, Pronounce, Pro- 



Contracted,  or  Contraction. 



Cornish,  or  language  of  Corn- 






Corrupted,  or  Corruption. 

q.  v. 

Quod  vide. 


R.  Glouc. 

Chronicle  of  Robert  of  Glou- 

Danish language. 


Derivative,  or  Derivation. 


Ruddiman's  Glossary  to  Dou- 


glas's  Virgil. 

English  language. 


After  Islandic  quotations,  de- 

Erratum, or  Errata. 

notes  Saga. 



Scottish,  Scotland.    It  also  de- 

Explain, Explained. 

notes  that  a  word  is  still  used 

Figurative,  Figuratively. 

in  Scotland. 

Finnish,  language  of  Finland. 


The  asterisk  signifies  that  the 

French  language. 

word  to  which  it  is  prefixed, 

Frankish,    Theotisc,  or   Tud- 

besides  the  common  signifi- 

esque language. 

cation   in   English,   is   used 

Frisian  dialect  of  the  Belgic. 

in  a  different  sense  in  Scot- 

Gaelic  of    the   Highlands    of 




Scotia  Australis,  South  of  Scot- 

German language. 




Scotia     Borealis,     North     of 


Scotland  ;     also,     Northern 

Greek  language. 


Hebrew  language. 


Scotia   Occidentalis,  West  of 

Spanish  language. 


In  the  same  place. 



Having  the  same  signification. 

Syn.  Synon 

.  Synonyme,  Synonymous. 



Sueo-Gothic,  or   ancient    lan- 

Irish language. 

guage  of  Sweden. 

Islandic    (or   Icelandic)    lan- 


Swedish  language,  (modern.) 




Italian  language. 



Sometimes  for  Junius. 


Vide,  See  also,  or  Volume. 

Latin  language. 

v.  a. 

Verb  active. 


v.  n. 

Verb  neuter. 

Barbarous  Latin. 

r.  impers. 

Verb  impersonal. 

Metaphor,  Metaphorical,  Me- 





Sometimes  for  Wachter. 



It  is  difficult  to  give  general  rules  for  the 
pronunciation  of  words  in  a  language  in 
which  there  are  so  many  anomalies  as  the 
Scottish  ;  but  some  examples  may  be  given 
of  the  sound  of  the  vowels  or  diphthongs, 
and  the  guttural  oh  and  gh. 

A,  in  man,  &c.  has  nearly  the  same 
sound  in  S.  as  in  E.  Vulgar  English  writers, 
who  use  mon  for  man,  hond  for  hand,  &c. 
believing  that  this  is  pure  Scottish,  show 
that  they  have  studied  the  works  of  Ram- 
say and  Burns  to  little  purpose.  The 
rhymes  to  such  words  occurring  in  Scottish 
poems,  will  at  once  point  out  the  true  pro- 
nunciation ;  as,  for  example, 

"  Then  gently  scan  your  brother  man,''''  &c. 

Address  to  the  Unco  Guid. 

"  Untie  these  bands  from  off  my  hands,'''1  &c. 

Macphersoii's  Farewell. 

E  long,  or  the  ordinary  sound  of  it  in  ee, 
ea,  is  in  the  south  of  Scotland  changed  into 
the  diphthong  ei  or  ey ;  hence  beis  for  bees, 
tei  or  tey  for  tea,  sey  for  sea,  &c.  The  pro- 
nouns he  and  me,  pronounced  very  broadly 
hei  and  mei,  the  voice  rising  on  the  last 
vowel,  most  forcibly  strike  the  ear  of  a 

Eu  is  frequently  pronounced  as  English 
u  in  tube;  as  in  neuk,  beuk,  leuk,  &c.  See 
also  oo  in  Dictionary. 

0  in  come  and  coming,  is  pronounced  in  S. 
as  in  E.  In  Cumberland,  and  elsewhere  in 
the  north  of  England,  the  vulgar  say  coam- 
ing :  but  this  pronunciation  obtains  nowhere 
in  Scotland. 

Oo  is  often  sounded  like  the  French  u  in 
une  ;  as  in  hoolie,  hood,  hoody,  &c. 

Ou  has  frequently  the  sound  of  oo  in  E. 
good;  as  in  douk,  doukar,  dour,  dounwith, 
fouth,  &c. 

Ou   has   also   the  same   sound  as  in  E. 

round;  as  in  doup,  douss,  gouk,  goul,  four- 
some, &o. 

Ow  has  frequently  the  sound  of  oo,  in  E. 
aood;  as  in  doic,  (a  dove,)  doicncome,dowkar, 

U  in  many  words  has  the  peculiar  sound 
of  the  French  u  in  une  ;  as  in  hule,  spune, 
schitle,  &.c. 

Y  vowel,  used  by  our  ancient  writers 
indiscriminately  with  i,  being  in  fact  only 
double  i,  and  printed  ij  in  other  Northern 

!  languages,   is   to   be  sought  for,  not  as  it 

i  stands  in  the  English  alphabet,  but  in  the 

same  place  with  the  letter  i,  throughout  the 

work;  as,  ydant,  diligent;  ydilteth,  idleness; 


Y  consonant,  corresponds  to  A.S.  G  be- 
fore a  vowel ;  and  from  the  resemblance  in 
form  of  A.S.  G  ( 5 )  to  the  Roman  z,  the 
latter  was  very  improperly  used  for  it  in 
many  of  the  early  printed  books,  as  well  as 
in  MSS.  and  when  z  without  the  tail  came 
to  be  used,  it  was  still  retained  in  a  number 
of  printed  books  and  MSS.  Hence  we  often 
meet  with  Gaberlunzie,  instead  of  Gaber- 
lunyie,  Tuilzie,  for  Tuilyie,  Zeir,  for  Yeir,  &c. 

Ck  and  gh  have  often  the  guttural  sound; 
as  in  loch,  lochan,  hough,  Broughton,  &c. 
These  sounds,  like  the  French  sound  of  u 
in  une,  are,  however,  impracticable  to 
Englishmen,  unless  their  organs  have  been 
early  trained  to  gutturals.  Hence  we  gene- 
rally find  them  pronouncing  loch  lock, 
haugh  haw,  Broughton  Brouton,  &c. 

Words  not  found  in  SH,  to  be  sought  for 
under  SCH. 

Words  not  found  in  WH,  to  be  sought 
for  under  QUH,  expressing  the  sound  of  the 
old  Gothic  guttural. 

Words  improperly  printed  in  our  old 
books  with  Z,  to  be  looked  for  under  Y 

MEMOIR     OF     DR.     JAMIESON. 

The  brief  Memoir  which,  through  the  kindness  of  the  surviving  members  of 
Dr.  Jamieson's  family,  is  now  prefixed  to  this  Abridgment  of  his  greatest 
work,  possesses  at  least  the  essential  quality  of  being  perfectly  authentic.  It  is 
in  every  particular  compiled  from  a  rather  bulky  manuscript  autobiography, 
which  was  written  during  the  later  years  of  Dr.  Jamieson's  life,  in  compliance 
with  repeated  solicitations  that  he  would  throw  together  some  memoranda  of  the 
leading  occurrences  of  his  public  and  literary  career. 

John  Jamieson  was  born  in  the  city  of  Glasgow  on  the  3d  March,  1759.  His 
father,  Mr.  John  Jameson,  was  the  pastor  of  one  of  the  two  Seceder  congrega- 
tions which  were  all  then  established  in  that  town.  His  mother's  name  was 
Cleland.  She  was  the  daughter  of  Mr.  Cleland  of  Edinburgh,  a  man  who  seems 
to  have  enjoyed  the  friendship  of  the  more  distinguished  of  the  clergymen  of  the 
city,  and  who  had  married  Rachel,  the  daughter  of  the  Rev.  Robert  Bruce  of 
Garlet,  son  of  the  second  brother  of  Bruce  of  Kennet.  This  reverend  person,  the 
great-grandfather  of  Dr.  Jamieson,  suffered  persecution  as  a  Presbyterian  minis- 
ter, during  the  troubles  of  Scotland.  Dr.  Jamieson's  paternal  grandfather  was 
Mr.  William  Jameson,  the  farmer  of  Hill  House,  near  Linlithgow,  in  West 
Lothian  ;  a  person  of  respectable  connexions,  being  related  to  several  of  the 
smaller  landed  proprietors  of  the  county,  and  to  some  of  the  wealthy  merchants 
of  the  then  flourishing  commercial  town  of  Borrowstounness. 

The  future  lexicographer  received  his  first  lessons  at  a  school  kept  by  his  father's 
precentor,  a  person  quite  incompetent  for  the  task  of  tuition.  After  a  course 
of  very  imperfect  elementary  instruction,  according  to  a  practice  then  general, 
and  not  yet  quite  obsolete  in  Scotland,  of  leaving  the  English  language  to  shift, 
in  a  great  measure,  for  itself,  he  was  sent,  in  his  seventh  year,  to  the  first  class 
of  the  Latin  grammar  school  of  Glasgow,  then  taught  by  Mr.  William  Bald. 
Bald  was  a  teacher  of  a  stamp  not  unfrequently  met  with  in  those  times.  He 
was  an  admirable  boon  companion,  and  possessed  of  great  humour,  though  more 
than  suspected  of  undue  partiality  for  the  sons  of  men  of  rank,  or  those  of 
wealthy  citizens  who  occasionally  gave  him  a  good  dinner,  and  made  liberal 
"  Candlemas  Offerings."  This  partiality  having  been  very  unfairly  manifested  to 
the  prejudice  of  the  just  claims  of  the  Seceder  minister's  son  to  the  highest 
prize  in  the  class,  as  afterwards  admitted  by  Mr.  Bald  himself,  the  pupil  was 
withdrawn  at  the  end  of  the  first  year.  He  was  then  placed  under  a  private 
teacher  named  Selkirk,  who  is  described  as  a  worthy  man,  and  with  whom, 
in  two  years,  and  by  the  unremitting  care  of  his  father  at  home,  he  made  such 
progress,  that  he  was  deemed  fit  to  enter  the  first  "  Humanity,"  or  Latin  class, 
in  the  University  of  Glasgow,  when  only  nine  years  old.  Dr.  Jamieson,  in 
commenting  upon  his  very  early  appearance  at  college,  gently  expresses  his 
regret  that  his  excellent  father  should  have  so  hurried  on  his  education,  and 
justly  remarks,  that  however  vividly  impressions  may  seem  to  be  received  by  a 
young  mind,  they  are  often  so  superficial  as  to  be  altogether  effaced  by  others 
which  succeed  them.  The  professor  of  Humanity  was  the  Rev.  George 
Muirhead,  of  whom  his  pupil  entertained  the  most  affectionate  recollection,  and 
an  "  indelible  veneration." 

During  his  second  year  at  the  Latin  class,  young  Jamieson  also  attended 
the  first  Greek  class,  which  was  then  taught  by  Dr.  James  Moor,  the  well- 
known  author  of  the  Greek  Grammar  which  bears  his  name. 



So  early  in  life  as  this  period,  the  future  antiquary  was  beginning  to  show  a 
taste  for  old  coins,  and  other  curious  objects,  on  which  he  expended  his  pocket- 
money.  A  vein  for  poetry  at  the  same  time  displayed  itself.  Both  predilec- 
tions were  congenial  to  those  of  Professor  Moor,  with  whom  Jamieson  became 
so  far  a  favourite,  that  he  kindly  explained  the  coins  the  boy  brought  to  him, 
and  would  show  him  his  own  valuable  collection,  acquired  while  he  had  travelled 
with  the  unfortunate  Earl  of  Kilmarnock,  In  short,  under  Moor,  his  pupil 
seems  to  have  made  progress  in  every  thing  save  his  proper  business,  the  Greek 

During  his  attendance  on  the  prelections  of  Professor  Muirhead,  however,  the 
mind  of  the  young  student  received  that  bias  which  influenced  the  literary  pur- 
suits of  his  after  life.  "  The  Professor,"  he  says,  in  the  autobiography  above 
referred  to,  "  not  satisfied  with  an  explanation  of  the  words  of  any  classical  pas- 
sage, was  most  anxious  to  call  the  attention  of  his  pupils  to  the  peculiar  force  of 
the  terms  that  occurred  in  it  ;  particularly  pointing  out  the  shades  of  significa- 
tion by  which  those  terms,  viewed  as  synonymous,  differed  from  each  other. 
This  mode  of  illustration,  which,  at  that  time,  I  suspect,  was  by  no  means  com- 
mon, had  a  powerful  influence  in  attracting  my  attention  to  the  classical  books, 
and  even  to  the  formation  of  language  in  general,  and  to  it  I  most  probably  may 
ascribe  that  partiality  for  philological  and  etymological  research  in  which  I 
have  ever  since  had  so  much  pleasure." 

The  precarious  state  of  his  father's  health  made  the  studies  of  an  only  sur- 
viving son,  already  destined  to  the  ministry,  be  pushed  forward  with  anxious 
rapidity.  The  friendly  Professor  Muirhead  disapproved  and  remonstrated  ;  but 
there  was  too  good  reason  for  the  precipitance,  for  Jamieson's  father  afterwards 
informed  him,  that  he  was  much  afraid  that,  having  been  long  a  prisoner  from 
complicated  disease,  he  would  be  early  taken  away  ;  and,  as  he  had  nothing  to 
leave  his  son,  he  was  most  desirous  to  forward  his  classical  and  professional 
education.  He  was  accordingly  next  season  sent  to  the  Logic  class,  though,  as 
he  remarks,  "a  boy  of  eleven  years  of  age  was  quite  unfit  for  studying  the 
abstractions  of  logic  and  metaphysics."  This  year,  also,  he  considers  "  entirely 
lost,"  and  that  "  it  might  be  blotted  out  of  the  calendar  of  his  life."  A  second 
year  spent  in  philosophical  studies  was  employed  to  little  more  purpose  ;  and 
though  he  now  studied  under  the  eminent  philosopher,  Dr.  Reid,  he  had  become, 
during  his  father's  continued  illness,  too  much,  he  says,  his  own  master  to  make 
any  great  progress  "  either  in  the  Intellectual  or  Moral  Powers."  He,  however, 
took  some  pleasure  in  the  study  of  Mathematics  ;  but  over  Algebra,  on  which  he 
consumed  the  midnight  oil,  the  student  of  eleven,  very  naturally,  often  fell  asleep. 
His  classical  and  philosophical  studies  were  certainly  begun  in  very  good  time  ; 
but  it  is  yet  more  surprising  to  find  the  Associate  Presbytery  of  Glasgow 
admitting  him  as  a  student  of  theology  at  the  age  of  fourteen  ! 

The  Professor  of  Theology  among  the  Seceders  at  that  period  was  the  Rev. 
William  Moncrieff  of  Alloa,  the  son  of  one  of  the  four  ministers  who  original^ 
seceded  from  the  Church  of  Scotland,  from  their  hostility  to  Patronage,  and 
who,  subsequently,  founded  the  Secession  Church.  Though  not,  according  to 
his  distinguished  pupil,  a  man  of  extensive  erudition,  or  of  great  depth  of  under- 
standing, Professor  Moncrieff  was  possessed  of  qualities  even  more  essential  to 
the  fulfilment  of  his  important  office  of  training  young  men  in  those  days  to  the 
Secession  ministry  ;  and  from  the  suavity  of  his  disposition,  and  the  kindness 
of  his  manners,  he  was  very  popular  among  his  students.  After  attending 
Professor  Moncrieff  for  one  season  at  Alloa,  young  Jamieson  attended  Professor 
Anderson  (afterwards  the  founder  of  the  Andersonian  Institution)  in  Glasgow, 
for  Natural  Philosophy,  for  which  science  he  does  not  seem  to  have  had  any 
taste.  While  at  the  Glasgow  University,  he  became  a  member  of  the  different 
Literary  Societies  formed  by  the  students  for  mutual  improvement.     These  were 


then  the  Eclectic,  the  Dialectic,  and  the  Academic;  and  he  was  successively  a 
member  of  each  of  them. 

The  Doctor  relates  many  beautiful  instances  of  the  mutual  respect  and  cordial 
regard  which  then  subsisted  among  the  different  denominations  of  the  clergy  of 
Glasgow,  and  which  was  peculiarly  manifested  towards  his  father  during  his 
severe  and  protracted  illness.  Comparing  modern  times  with  those  better  days, 
he  prophetically  remarks  : — 

"  If  matters  go  on,  as  they  have  done,  in  our  highly  favoured  country,  for 
some  time  past,  there  is  reason  to  fear  that  as  little  genuine  love  will  be  found 
as  there  was  among  the  Pharisees,  who,  from  sheer  influence  of  party,  in  a  cer- 
tain sense  still  '  loved  one  another,'  while  they  looked  on  all  who  differed  from 
them  in  no  other  light  than  they  did  on  Sadducees.  May  the  God  of  all  Grace 
give  a  merciful  check  to  this  spirit,  which  is  not  from  Him  !" 

Dr.  Jamieson  was  himself,  throughout  the  whole  course  of  his  life,  distin- 
guished by  a  liberal  and  truly  Catholic  spirit.  His  friends  and  intimate  asso- 
ciates were  found  among  Christians  of  all  denominations,  though  he  conscien- 
tiously held  by  his  own  opinions.  If  he  ever  lacked  charity,  it  appears  to  have 
been  towards  the  Unitarians,  a  fact  perhaps  to  be  accounted  for  by  his  early 
controversies  with  Macgill  and  Dr.  Priestley.  Episcopalians  and  Roman 
Catholics  were  among  his  personal  friends,  even  when  his  position  as  the  young 
minister  of  a  very  rigid  congregation  of  Seceders,  in  a  country  town,  made  the 
association  dangerous  to  him,  as  being  liable  to  misconstruction  by  his  zealous 

After  he  had  attained  the  dignity  of  a  student  in  Theology,  instead  of  conde- 
scending to  resume  the  red  gown  of  the  Glasgow  student,  Jamieson  repaired  to 
Edinburgh  to  prosecute  his  studies,  and  lived,  while  there,  in  the  house  of  his 
maternal  grandfather,  Mr.  Cleland.  He  attended  the  prelections  of  the  eminent 
Dugald  Stewart,  then  but  a  young  man  himself. 

During  the  young  student's  residence  in  Edinburgh,  he  made  many  valuable 
and  desirable  acquaintances,  and  accmired  some  useful  friends.  Of  this  number 
was  the  venerable  Dr.  John  Erskine,  who  continued  the  friend  of  Jamieson  for 
the  remainder  of  his  honoured  life.  Dr.  Erskine  commanded  his  veneration  and 
love,  but  he  also  felt  great  respect  for  the  Evangelical  Doctor's  Moderate  colleague, 
the  celebrated  Principal  Robertson,  the  Historian.  Robertson  was  long  the 
leader  of  the  Moderate  party  in  the  Kirk  Courts  ;  and  young  Jamieson,  though 
a  conscientious  Seceder,  and  one  in  a  manner  dedicated  from  his  birth  to  the 
service  of  the  Secession  Church,  on  witnessing  the  masterly  manner  in  which 
the  Principal  conducted  business  in  the  Church  Courts,  felt,  in  his  own  words, 
"  That  if  he  were  to  acknowledge  any  ecclesiastical  leader,  or  call  any  man  a 
master  in  divine  matters,  he  would  prefer  the  Principal  in  this  character  to  any 
man  he  had  ever  seen ;  for  he  conducted  business  with  so  much  dignity  and 
suavity  of  manner,  that  those  who  followed  seemed  to  be  led  by  a  silken  cord. 
He  might  cajole,  but  he  never  cudgelled  his  troops." 

After  attending  the  Theological  class  for  six  sessions,  the  candidate  for  the 
ministry  was,  at  the  age  of  twenty,  appointed  by  the  Synod  to  be  taken  on  trials 
for  license  ;  and  in  July  1779,  he  was  licensed  by  the  Presbytery  of  Glasgow. 

Dr.  Jamieson's  first  appearance  as  a  preacher  was  at  Colmonell,  in  Carrick  in 
Ayrshire,  then  a  very  dreary  and  poor  district.  From  the  first  he  seems  to  have 
been  popular,  and  the  small  isolated  congregation  of  Colmonell  wished  to  obtain  the 
young  preacher  as  their  pastor  ;  but  to  this  he  gave  no  encouragement,  deeming 
it  his  duty  to  leave  such  matters  to  the  regular  authorities.  His  next  appoint- 
ment was  to  the  Isle  of  Bute,  and  Cowal,  in  Argyleshire.  The  picture  which 
he  gives  of  characters  and  of  manners,  long  since  passed  away,  and  their  contrast 
with  present  times,  is  not  a  little  striking.  The  venerable  Doctor,  in  old  age, 
relates,  "  I  found  my  situation  on  this  beautiful  island  very  comfortable.     The 


place  of  preaching  was  iu  Rothesay.     I  lodged  at  a  farm-house  in  the  parish  of 

Kingarth  ;  and  I  never  met  with  more  kindness  from  any  man  than  from 

S  the  minister  of  the  parish."     This  was  not  at  all  in  accordance  with  the 

Doctor's  subsequent  experiences  of  the  Established  ministers  in  other  parishes, 
and  particularly  when  he  came  to  be  settled  in  Forfar. 

Mr.  Jamieson  passed  over  to  Cowal  in  the  depth  of  a  severe  winter,  and  was 
lodged  in  a  wretched,  smoky  hovel,  without  even  glass  to  the  aperture  through 
which  light  was  received,  and  in  which  he  had  to  eat,  sleep,  and  study.  These 
were  not  the  palmy  days  of  the  Secession  Church. 

In  the  beginning  of  1780,  Mr.  Jamieson  was  appointed  by  the  Associate  Synoil, 
(the  Supreme  Court  of  the  Secession,)  to  itinerate  in  Perthshire  and  the  neigh- 
bouring county  of  Angus.  After  preaching  for  several  Sabbaths  in  Dundee,  in 
which  there  was  then  a  vacancy,  he  made  so  favourable  an  impression,  that  the 
Congregation  agreed  to  give  him  a  call  to  be  their  pastor.  But  Forfar,  his  next 
preaching  station,  was  to  be  his  resting-place,  and  it  proved  for  many  years  an 
ungenial  and  dreary  sojourn.  To  Forfar  he  was  at  that  time,  of  course,  a  total 
stranger  ;  and  in  old  age  he  touchingly  relates  : — "  Though  I  were  to  live  much 
longer  than  I  have  done  since  that  time,  I  shall  never  forget  the  feeling  I  had  in 
crossing  the  rising  ground,  where  I  first  had  a  view  of  this  place.  I  had  never 
seen  any  part  of  the  country  before.  The  day  was  cold,  the  aspect  of  the 
country  dreary  and  bleak,  and  it  was  partly  covered  with  snow.  It  seemed  to 
abound  with  mosses,  which  gave  a  desolate  appearance  to  the  whole  valley  under 
my  eye.  I  paused  for  a  moment,  and  a  pang  struck  through  my  heart,  while 
the  mortifying  query  occurred — '  What  if  this  gloomy  place  should  be  the  bounds 
of  my  habitation  V     And  it  was  the  will  of  the  Almighty  that  it  should  be  so." 

The  congregation  of  Forfar  was  at  that  time  but  newly  formed,  and  had  never 
yet  had  any  regular  minister,  being,  by  orders  of  the  Presbytery,  supplied,  as  it 
is  termed,  from  Sabbath  to  Sabbath  by  young  probationers  and  others. 

Three  calls  were  at  the  same  time  subscribed  for  the  popular  young  preacher  : 
from  Forfar,  from  Dundee,  and  from  Perth,  where  he  was  wanted  as  a  second 
or  collegiate  minister.  The  congregation  of  Dundee  was  large  and  comparatively 
wealthy,  but  the  call  was  not  unanimous,  and  Forfar  proved  his  ultimate  destina- 
tion. It  is  not  easy  to  conceive  a  position  more  trying,  in  every  respect,  than 
that  of  the  young  minister  at  his  outset  in  Forfar ;  and  a  man  of  less  energy, 
although  of  equal  talents,  would  probably  have  altogether  sunk  under  the  oppo- 
sition and  persecution  which  he  encountered.  There  was,  however,  one  bright 
side  :  he  had  been  affectionately,  nay,  anxiously  wished  for  by  the  whole  of  his 
congregation.  He  knew  that  he  was  in  the  path  of  duty ;  and,  piously  resign- 
ing "  his  lot  into  the  hands  of  the  All- Wise  Disposer  of  events,"  with  the  assur- 
ance which  followed  him  through  life,  "  that  his  gracious  Master  would  provide 
for  him  in  the  way  that  was  best,"  he  looked  forward  to  the  future  with  firmness. 

By  degrees  Mr.  Jamieson  became  better  known  and  better  appreciated.  He 
acknowledges  with  marked  gratitude  the  obligations  he  owed,  in  many  respects, 
to  Mr.  Dempster  of  Dunnichen,  a  gentleman  of  high  character  and  considerable 
influence  in  the  county,  which  he  represented  for  some  time  in  Parliament. 
This  benevolent  man  was  his  first,  and  proved  through  life  his  fastest  friend.  Until 
his  acquaintance  with  Mr.  Dempster,  Avhich  was  brought  about  by  an  accidental 
call,  Mr.  Jamieson's  only  social  enjoyment  was  in  visiting  at  intervals  several 
respectable  families  in  Perth,  and  its  neighbourhood,  or  the  hospitable  manse  of 
Longforgan  in  the  Carse  of  Gowrie,  then  a  residence  combining  every  charm. 
But  the  friendship  and  influence  of  Mr.  Dempster  soon  procured  similar  enjoy- 
ments for  him  nearer  home.  At  Dunnichen  he  was  at  all  times  a  welcome 
guest,  and  there  he  became  acquainted,  through  the  cordial  introduction  of  Mr. 
Dempster,  with  all  the  landed  aristocracy  of  the  county.  This  enlargement  of 
Mr.  Jamieson's  circle  of  social  intercourse  was  further  aided  and  confirmed  by 


his  marriage  vvitli  the  daughter  of  an  old  and  respectable  proprietor  in  the  county, 
Miss  Charlotte  Watson,  youngest  daughter  of  Robert  Watson,  Esq.  of  Shielhill, 
in  Angus,  and  of  Easter  Rhynd  in  Perthshire. 

With  Mr.  Jamieson's  very  limited  income  of  £50  per  annum,  it  must  have 
appeared  almost  madness  to  think  of  marriage,  even  allowing  for  the  greater 
value  of  money  at  that  time  ;  but  the  bachelor  state  is  deemed  incompatible  with 
the  ministry  in  Scotland  ;  and,  besides,  prudential  considerations  will  not  always 
prevent  a  young  man  from  falling  in  love.  The  union,  however,  which  lasted 
for  more  than  half  a  century,  proved  in  all  respects  a  most  auspicious  one.  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Jamieson  had,  no  doubt,  for  a  long  period,  much  to  contend  with,  from 
limited  means  and  a  very  numerous  family,  but  the  energy  and  untiring 
industry  of  Mr.  Jamieson  made  up  for  all  other  deficiencies. 

Mr.  Jamieson's  confidence  in  Providence,  and  in  his  own  energies,  soon  began 
to  reap  its  reward.  To  loneliness  at  home,  and  indifference,  if  not  neglect,  abroad, 
there  now  succeeded  strong  domestic  attractions,  and  the  esteem  and  regard  of 
many  respectable  neighbours. 

Shortly  after  his  marriage,  Mr.  Jamieson  began  to  work  seriously  for  the 
press,  and  continued,  for  upwards  of  forty  years,  a  constant  and  even  voluminous 
writer  on  diversified  subjects.  While  yet  a  mere  stripling,  he  had  composed  some 
pieces  of  poetry  for  "  Ruddiman's  Weekly  Magazine,"  which  we  notice  only 
because  they  were  his  first  attempts  as  an  author.  We  next  find  him  commu- 
nicating,— in  a  series  of  papers  to  the  Literary  and  Antiquarian  Society  of  Perth, 
of  which  he  was  a  member, — the  fruits  of  his  researches  concerning  the  antiquities 
of  Forfarshire.  These  papers  led  Mr.  Dempster  to  recommend  his  writing  a 
history  of  the  county,  and  the  suggestion  gave  impulse  and  direction  to  his  local 
inquiries,  although  it  was  never  fully  complied  with.  But  the  publication 
which  seems  first  to  have  obtained  for  him  some  literary  reputation,  and  the 
character  of  an  orthodox  and  evangelical  minister,  was  his  reply,  under  the  title 
of  "  Socinianism  Unmasked,"  to  Dr.  Macgill  of  Ayr,  whose  alleged  heresy  had 
lately  been  widely  bruited. 

This  work  paved  the  way  for  his  favourable  reception  in  London,  which  he 
visited  for  the  first  time  in  1788-9.  He  carried  to  London  with  him  a  collection 
of  sermons,  afterwards  published  under  the  title  of  "  Sermons  on  the  Heart," 
which  became  very  popular.  With  the  exception  of  this  work,  his  other 
writings  do  not  seem  to  have  yielded  him  much  profit,  although  they  added  to 
his  reputation.  Letters  of  introduction  from  Dr.  Erskine  and  others  procured  for 
him  an  extensive  acquaintance,  particularly  in  the  religious  circles  and  among  the 
evangelical  ministers  of  the  metropolis.  He  mentions  the  pious  and  benevolent 
Mr.  John  Thornton,  the  eccentric  Ryland  the  Baptist  minister,  John  Newton, 
Venn,  and  Cecil,  as  of  the  number  of  his  new  friends.  He  also  found  antiquarian 
and  literary  associates,  while  his  poem  on  the  "  Sorrows  of  Slavery,"  written 
with  some  care,  and  intended  to  aid  the  cause  of  abolition,  then  of  absorbing 
interest,  brought  him  under  the  notice  of  the  abolitionists,  and  led  to  an 
acquaintance  with  Wilberforce  and  Granville  Sharpe. 

The  consideration  he  enjoyed  in  these  metropolitan  circles,  and  particularly 
amongst  his  religious  friends,  must  have  been  augmented  by  his  "  Reply  to 
Priestley,"  for  which  he  received  the  diploma  of  Doctor  of  Divinity  from  the 
College  of  New  Jersey,  the  first  honour  of  the  kind  that  had  ever  been  conferred 
upon  a  Seceder. 

Dr.  Jamieson  repeated  his  visits  to  London  at  different  times,  officiating  there 
for  his  friend  Dr.  Jerment,  when  that  gentleman  went  to  Scotland.  On  these 
occasions,  he  extended  the  circle  of  his  general  acquaintance,  and  appears  also 
to  have  discovered  several  distant  relations,  mixing  in  good  society.  He  speaks 
amusingly  enough  of  his  meeting  with  a  distant  female  cousin,  Lady  Strange, 
the  widow  of  the  celebrated  engraver,  a  very  lively  and  clever  woman,  who,  to 


her  last  day,  took  pride  in  her  broad  Scotch,  and  retained  all  the  warmth 
of  early  national  feeling.  When  the  Doctor,  till  then  a  stranger  to  her,  made 
his  formal  obeisance,  "  the  good  old  lady,"  he  says,  "  ran  up  to  me  with  all 
the  vivacity  of  fifteen,  and,  taking  me  in  her  arms,  gave  me  a  hearty  embrace." 
She  was  one  of  those  whose  heads  and  hearts  are  continually  occupied  with 
plans  for  serving  their  friends  ;  and  her  influence,  of  which  she  had  a  good  deal, 
was  ever  zealously  exerted  to  promote  Dr.  Jamieson's  interests.  One  of  her 
schemes  was,  that  he  should  leave  the  Secession  and  look  for  promotion  in  the 
Church  of  England  ;  but  such  an  idea,  it  may  well  be  believed,  could  not  for  a 
moment  be  entertained  by  the  conscientious  Scottish  Dissenter,  who  had,  for  a 
dozen  years,  been  maintaining  a  family  on  a  stipend  of  £50  a-year. 

During  this  period,  Mr.  Jamieson's  greatest  enjoyment,  beyond  his  own  fire- 
side, was  found  in  the  society  and  steady  friendship  of  Mr.  Dempster.  "  Many 
a  happy  day,"  he  writes,  "  have  I  spent  under  the  roof  of  this  benevolent  man. 
We  walked  together  ;  we  rode  together ;  we  fished  together  ;  we  took  an  occa- 
sional ride  to  examine  the  remains  of  antiquity  in  the  adjacent  district ;  and  if 
the  weather  was  bad,  we  found  intellectual  employment  in  the  library,  often  in 
tracing  the  origin  of  our  vernacular  words  in  the  continental  languages." 

The  Doctor  had  not  yet  projected  his  great  work, — the  Dictionary  ;  the  first 
idea  of  which  arose  accidentally  from  the  conversation  of  one  of  the  many  dis- 
tinguished persons  whom  he  met  at  Mr.  Dempster's  residence  :  Dunnichen  being 
long  the  frequent  rendezvous  of  not  merely  the  most  eminent  men  of  Scotland, 
but  of  such  learned  foreigners  as  from  time  to  time  visited  the  country.  This 
was  the  learned  Grim  Thorkelin,  Professor  of  Antiquities  in  Copenhagen.  Up 
to  this  period,  Dr.  Jamieson  had  held  the  common  opinion,  that  the  Scottish  is 
not  a  language,  and  nothing  more  than  a  corrupt  dialect  of  the  English,  or  at  least 
of  the  Anglo-Saxon.  It  was  the  learned  Danish  Professor  that  first  undeceived 
him,  though  full  conviction  came  tardily,  and  proved,  to  his  satisfaction,  that  there 
are  many  words  in  our  national  tongue  which  had  never  passed  through  the 
channel  of  the  Anglo-Saxon,  nor  been  spoken  in  England.  Before  leaving 
Dunnichen,  Thorkelin  requested  the  Doctor  to  note  down  for  him  all  the  singular 
words  used  in  that  part  of  the  country,  no  matter  how  vulgar  he  might  himself 
consider  them,  and  to  give  the  received  meaning  of  each.  Jamieson  laughed  at 
the  request,  saying,  "  What  would  you  do,  sir,  with  our  vulgar  words  ?  they 
are  merely  corruptions  of  English."  Thorkelin,  who  spoke  English  fluently, 
replied  with  considerable  warmth,  "  If  that  fantast,  Johnson,  had  said  so,  I 
would  have  forgiven  him,  because  of  his  ignorance  or  prejudice ;  but  I  cannot 
make  the  same  excuse  for  you,  when  you  speak  in  this  contemptuous  manner  of 
the  language  of  your  country,  which  is,  in  fact,  more  ancient  than  the  English. 
I  have  now  spent  four  months  in  Angus  and  Sutherland,  and  I  have  met  with 
between  three  and  four  hundred  words  purely  Gothic,  that  were  never  used  in 
Anglo-Saxon.  You  will  admit  that  I  am  pretty  well  acquainted  with  Gothic. 
I  am  a  Goth ;  a  native  of  Iceland  ;  the  inhabitants  of  which  are  an  unmixed 
race,  who  speak  the  same  language  which  their  ancestors  brought  from  Norway 
a  thousand  years  ago.  All  or  most  of  these  words  which  I  have  noted  down, 
are  familiar  to  me  in  my  native  island.  If  you  do  not  find  out  the  sense  of  some 
of  the  terms  which  strike  you  as  singular,  send  them  to  me,  and  I  am  pretty 
certain  I  shall  be  able  to  explain  them  to  you."  Jamieson,  to  oblige  the  learned 
stranger,  forthwith  purchased  a  two-penny  paper  book,  and  began  to  write  down 
all  the  remarkable  or  uncouth  words  of  the  district.  From  such  small  begin- 
nings, made  more  than  twenty  years  before  any  part  of  the  work  was  published, 
arose  the  four  large  quarto  volumes  of  his  Dictionary  and  Supplement,  the 
complete  revolution  in  his  opinion  as  to  the  origin  of  the  Scottish  language, 
and  that  theory  of  its  origin  which  he  has  maintained  in  the  learned  Disserta- 
tions which  accompany  his  Dictionary. 


It  would  not  be  easy,  we  apprehend,  to  explain  the  difficulties,  discouragements* 
and  privations  under  which  that  great  undertaking  was  prosecuted  through  a  long 
series  of  years.  The  author  had  now  a  large  family  to  maintain  and  to  educate  ; 
and  he  was  even  embarrassed  with  debts  inevitably  incurred,  while  the  prospect 
of  remuneration  for  his  labours  was  distant  and  uncertain.  How  he  and  Mrs. 
Jamieson  struggled  through  their  accumulating  difficulties,  might  probably  have 
puzzled  themselves,  on  looking  back,  to  explain  ;  but  he  was  strong  in  faith,  and 
also  strenuous  in  endeavour. 

On  the  death  of  Mr.  Adam  Gib,  Dr.  Jamieson  received  a  call  from  the  Anti- 
burgher  congregation  of  Nicolson  Street,  Edinburgh,  to  be  their  minister  ;  but  the 
Synod  opposed  both  the  wishes  of  the  congregation,  and  Dr.  Jamieson's  interests 
and  obvious  advantage,  and  that,  too,  at  a  period  when  his  removal  to  the  capital 
would  have  been  of  the  greatest  advantage  to  his  literary  projects,  and  to  the 
professional  education  of  his  elder  sons.     He  very  naturally  felt  with  acuteness 
this  frustration  of  his  reasonable  hopes,  but  he  quietly  submitted.     A  few  years 
more  elapsed,  when  Mr.  Banks,  the  successor  of  Mr.  Gib,  having  gone  to  America, 
the  Doctor  was  again  unanimously  called,  and  the  Synod  now  thought  fit  to 
authorize  his  translation.     The  change  from  Forfar  to  Edinburgh  was,  in  every 
point  of  view,  an  auspicious  event.    His  stipend  was  probably  at  once  quadrupled  : 
he  was  restored  to  early  connexions  and  literary  society,  and  obtained  every  facility 
for  prosecuting  his  philological  and  etymological  researches.     Shortly  after  this 
time  he  learnt  that  the  Rev.  Mr.  Boucher,  Vicar  of  Epsom,  was  engaged  in  a 
work  of  a  somewhat  similar  character  to  the  Dictionary  ;  and  mutual  friends 
advised  that  the  one  should  buy  the  other  off,  and  obtain  the  accumulated  materials, 
for  the  use  of  his  own  work .    Any  reward  for  his  labours,  however  inadequate,  was 
then  an  important  consideration  with  Dr.  Jamieson,  and  he  appears,  at  one  time,  to 
have  thought  of  giving  up  his  treasures  for  £250  ;  but  the  dislike  which  he  had  felt, 
from  the  beginning,  at  either  compromise  or  co-operation,  was  afterwards  fortified 
by  suspicions  that  Mr.  Boucher's  view  of  the  Scottish  language  would  degrade  it 
to  the  level  of  the  English  provincial  dialects ;  and  the  conscientious  conduct  of  the 
friend  of  the  Vicar,  the  late  Bishop  Gleig  of  Stirling,  who  was  too  well  aware  of 
the  real  value  of  Dr.  Jamieson's  manuscripts  to  sanction  such  a  sacrifice,  ulti- 
mately and  happily  put  a  stop  to  the  negotiation.     The  subsequent  death  of 
Mr.  Boucher,  before  the  publication  of  his  work,  left  the  field  clear  for  our 
National  Lexicographer.     It  is  not  merely  as  patriotic  natives  of  Scotland  that 
we  rejoice  in  this  circumstance,  but  as  the  friends  of  sound  literature  ;  and  as 
prizing  yet  more  highly  than  the  learning  displayed,  that  fund  of  innocent  and 
delightful  entertainment  and  instruction,  spread  before  us  in  the  pages  of  the 
Scottish  Dictionary,  and  those  imperishable  records  of  our  history,  our  literature, 
and  our  usages,  which  may  enable  all  future  generations  of  our  countrymen, 
and  their  offsets  in  every  distant  land,  to  think  and  feel  as  ancient  Scots  ;  and 
which  will  keep  open  for  them  the  literary  treasures  of  their  fathers,  the  pages 
of  their  Burns  and  Scott ;  and  of  those  other  national  works  which,  but  for  this 
master-key,  must  have  very  soon  become  sealed  books. 

The  people  of  Scotland  certainly  never  took  so  great  an  interest  in  any  work  that 
had  then  appeared  in  their  own  country  as  in  Jamieson's  Dictionary.  It  was  every 
one's  concern  ;  and  after  the  first  two  volumes  had  been  published,  and  had  set 
many  thousand  minds  at  work  to  add  to,  or  endeavour  to  render  more  perfect 
this  national  monument,  the  learned  author,  from  the  palace  and  the  castle  to 
the  farm-house  and  the  cottage,  found  devoted,  and  often  able  auxiliaries,  in 
completing  his  great  undertaking.  Those  who  could  not  furnish  him  with 
words,  yet  circulated  his  prospectuses,  and  procured  subscribers  to  the  work. 
Through  the  interest  and  exertions  of  Lord  Glenbervie,  the  duty  on  the  paper 
for  printing  the  Dictionary  was  remitted,  in  virtue  of  a  provision  entitling  the 
publishers  of  works  on  Northern  Literature  to  a  drawback  on  the  paper  used. 


Among  his  friends  of  a  later  period,  none  were  more  zealous  than  the  late 
Duchess  of  Sutherland,  through  whose  interest  or  recommendation  he  was  after- 
wards chosen  one  of  the  ten  Associates  of  the  Royal  Literary  Society,  instituted 
by  George  the  Fourth,  and  of  which  each  Associate  was  entitled  to  a  pension  of 
one  hundred  guineas. 

Dr.  Jamieson's  severest  affliction  had  been  seeing  the  greater  part  of  his  nume- 
rous family  descend  to  the  grave  before  him  ;  some  in  infancy  and  childhood, 
but  others  in  the  prime  of  life  and  of  usefulness.  Of  seven  sons  who  reached 
manhood,  only  one  survived  him.  Three  died  in  India ;  of  whom  two  had 
arrived  at  distinction  in  the  medical  service.  His  second  son,  Mr.  Robert 
Jameson,  an  eminent  member  of  the  Scottish  bar,  long  in  lucrative  practice,  and 
entitled  to  look  forward  to  the  highest  honours  of  his  profession,  was  cut  off  a 
few  years  before  his  venerable  parent.  But  his  last,  and  the  heaviest  blow  of 
all,  was  the  loss  of  Mrs.  Jamieson,  a  lady  equally  remarkable  for  the  good  qua- 
lities of  her  head  and  of  her  heart,  who  had  shared  his  lot  for  fifty-five  years. 
His  surviving  family  consists  of  Mr.  Farquhar  Jameson,  now  a  banker  in  Paris  ; 
Mrs.  Mackenzie,  the  wife  of  Captain  Mackenzie  of  the  21st  regiment ;  and  several 

In  the  latter  years  of  his  life,  Dr.  Jamieson  was  liable  to  bilious  atttacks,  for 
which  he  was  recommended  to  try  the  waters  of  different  noted  Spas  in  Scotland. 
From  such  stations  as  Pitcaithley,  the  Moffat  Wells,  or  Innerleithen,  he  was  in 
the  habit  of  making  rounds  of  visits  to  those  families  of  the  neighbouring  nobility 
and  gentry  who  had  been  among  his  earlier  friends.  The  banks  of  the  Tweed, 
between  Peebles  and  Berwick,  had  become  to  him  a  more  favourite  and  familiar 
haunt  than  even  the  banks  of  his  native  Clyde  ;  and  many  of  the  happiest  days 
of  his  later  summers  were  spent  amidst  the  lovely  scenes  of  "  Tweedside,"  and 
among  the  friends  and  relatives  whom  he  had  in  that  classic  district.  He  had 
always  been  fond  of  angling,  and,  in  the  Tweed  and  its  tributary  streams,  he 
socially  pursued  the  "  gentle  craft"  almost  to  the  close  of  life.  Of  the  houses 
which  he  had  long  been  in  the  habit  of  visiting  on  Tweedside,  none  seems  to 
have  left  a  more  indelible  impression  on  his  memory  than  Ashestiel,  the  happy 
intermediate  residence  of  Sir  Walter  Scott,  whom  Dr.  Jamieson  had  first  visited 
in  his  little  cottage  at  Lasswade,  and,  for  the  last  of  many  times,  in  the  lordly 
halls  of  Abbotsford,  a  very  short  while  before  Scott  went  abroad  never  again 
to  return  —  himself. 

Besides  his  Dictionary,  and  the  different  works  which  he  edited,  Dr.  Jamieson 
was  the  author  of  numerous  volumes,  tracts,  and  pamphlets  ;  he  received  literary 
honours  both  in  his  own  country  and  from  America,  and  was  a  Member  or 
Associate  of  learned  societies  in  different  parts  of  the  world. 

One  of  the  most  important  public  affairs  in  which  Dr.  Jamieson  was  ever 
engaged,  was  bringing  about  the  union  of  the  two  branches  of  the  Secession  Church, 
the  Burghers  and  Antiburghers.  Those  only  who  understand  the  history  of  these 
great  divisions  of  the  Seceders,  and  their  mutual  jealousies  and  dissensions,  can 
appreciate  the  difficulty  and  the  value  of  the  service  of  again  uniting  them,  and 
the  delicacy,  sagacity,  and  tact  which  this  object  required. 

Notwithstanding  his  bilious  and  nervous  complaints,  Doctor  Jamieson,  consi- 
dering his  laborious  and  often  harassing  duties,  enjoyed,  up  to  a  great  age,  a 
tolerable  measure  of  health.  His  "  Recollections,"  to  which  he  appears  to  have 
added  from  time  to  time,  as  memory  restored  the  more  interesting  events  and 
reminiscences  of  his  earlier  years,  seem  to  have  terminated  abruptly  in  1830. 
He  died  in  his  house  in  George's  Square,  Edinburgh,  on  the  12th  July  1838, 
universally  regretted,  esteemed,  and  beloved,  not  more  for  his  learning,  piety, 
and  social  qualities,  than  as  one  of  the  few  remaining  links  which  connect 
Scottish  literature  and  social  life  with  the  Past. 




The  letter  A  has,  in  the  Scottish  language, 
four  different  sounds : 

1.  A  broad,  as  in  E.  all,  wall.  U  is  often 
added,  as  in  raid,  cold,  written  also  cauld; 
and  sometimes  w;  both  as  marks  of  the 
prolongation  of  the  sound. 

2.  A  short,  in  lak,  mak,  tak,  S.,  as  in  last, 
past,  E. 

3.  A  open,  in  dad,  daddle,  a  father,  and 
some  other  words,  S.,  as  in  E.  read  pret., 
ready  adj. 

4.  A  slender  or  close,  in  lane,  alane,  alone, 
mane,  moan,  S.,  like  face,  place,  E.  The 
monosyllables  have  generally,  although 
not  always,  a  final  e  quiescent. 

A  is  used  in  many  words  instead  of  o  in  E.; 
as  ane,  bane,  lang,  sang,  stane,  for  one, 
bone,  long,  song,  stone.  For  the  Scots  pre- 
serve nearly  the  same  orthography  with 
the  Anglo-Saxons,  which  the  English  . 
have  abandoned.  Thus  the  words  last-  ' 
mentioned  were  written  in  A.S.  an,  ban, 
lang,  sang,  stan.  In  some  of  the  northern 
counties,  as  in  Angus  and  Mearns,  the 
sound  of  ee  or  el  prevails,  instead  of  ai, 
in  various  words  of  this  formation.  Ane, 
bane,  stane,  &c,  are  pronounced  ein,  bein, 
stein,  after  the  manner  of  the  Germans, 
who  use  each  of  these  terms  in  the  same 

When  this  letter  is  written  with  an  apostro-  ' 
phe,  as  a',  it  is  meant  to  intimate  that  the 
double  I  is  cut  off,  according  to  the  pro- 
nunciation of  Scotland.  But  this  is  merely  ; 
of  modern  use. 

A  is  sometimes  prefixed  to  words,  both  in  S.  j 
and  O.E.,  where  it  makes  no  alteration 
of  the  sense  ;  as  abade,  delay,  which  has 
precisely  the  same  meaning  with  bade. 
This  seems  to  have  been  borrowed  from  i 


the  A.S.,  in  which  language  abidan  and 
bidan  are  perfectly  synonymous,  both 
simply  signifying  to  remain,  to  tarry. 

A,  in  composition,  sometimes  signifies  on  ; 
as  agrufe,  on  the  grufe  or  belly,  S. ;  Isl.  a 
grufu,  cernue, prone.  Johnson  thinks  that 
a,  in  the  composition  of  such  E.  words  as 
aside,  afoot,  asleep,  is  sometimes  contract- 
ed from  at.  But  these  terms  are  unques- 
tionably equivalent  to  on  side,  on  foot,  on 
sleep;  on  being  used,  in  the  room  of  a, by 
ancient  writers. 

A  is  used,  by  our  oldest  writers,  in  the 
sense  of  one.  The  signification  is  more 
forcible  than  that  of  the  indefinite  article 
in  English;  for  it  denotes,  not  merely  an 
individual,  where  there  may  be  many,  or 
one  in  particular,  but  one  exclusively  ot 
others,  in  the  same  sense  in  which  ae  is 
vulgarly  used,  q.  v. 

A  is  often  vulgarly  used  for  hae,  i.  e.  have; 
as,  A  done,  have  done. 

Ae,  adj.  One,  S.  Although  ae  and  ane  both 
signify  one,  they  differ  considerably  in 
their  application.  Ae  denotes  an  object 
viewed  singly,  and  as  alone ;  as,  "  Ae 
swallow  disna  mak  a  simmer."  Ane 
marks  a  distinction  often  where  there  is 
a  number  ;  as,  "  I  saw  three  men  on  the 
road;  ane  o'  them  turned  awa'  to  the  right 

AAIRVHOUS,  s.  The  place  of  meeting 
appointed  by  the  Foud-Generall,  or  Chief- 
Governor.  Shetl.  Apparently  from  arf, 
orf,  an  arrow,  prefixed  to  house;  as  an 
arrow  marked  with  certain  signs  was  used 
by  the  ancients  for  assembling  the  multi- 
tude. V.  Croishtarich  and  Eyre  Croce. 
It  appears  that  the  arrow,  having  been 
originally  used  to  assemble  the  people  for 




war,  had,  at  least  in  name,  been  retained 
in  calling  the  people  to  the  place  appointed 
for  judicial  decisions.  Thus  aairrhous 
denotes  the  house  appointed  for  judg- 

AAR,  s.     The  Alder,  a  tree,  S.O.    V.  Arn. 

AARON'S-BEARD,  s.  The  dwarf-shrub 
called  St.  John's  Wort,  Hypericum  per- 
foratum, Linn.  Roxb.  This  plant  was 
formerly  believed  by  the  superstitious  in 
Sweden,  as  well  as  in  Scotland,  to  be  a 
charm  against  the  dire  effects  of  witch- 
craft and  enchantment.  By  putting  it 
into  ropy  milk,  suspected  to  be  bewitched, 
and  milking  afresh  upon  it,  they  also 
fancied  the  milk  would  be  cured. 

ABACK,  adr.  1.  Away;  aloof;  at  a  dis- 
tance, S.  2.  Behind,  in  relation  to  place, 
S.  Barns.  3.  Back ;  used  in  relation  to 
time  past.    Angus.   Ross's  Helenore. 

ABAD,  Abade,  Abaid,  s.  Delay;  abiding; 
tarrying;  the  same  with  Bad,  Bade.  A.S. 
abid-an,  manere,  to  tarry,  to  stay.  Wal- 
lace.   Doug.  Virg. 

To  AB  AY,  Abaw,  v.  a.  To  astonish.  Aba  yd, 
part.  pa.  astonished ;  abawed,  Chaucer. 
Fr.  esbah-ir,  to  astonish.     K.  Hart. 

ABAID, part. pa.  Waited; expected.  A.S. 
abad,  expectatus,  hoped.     JJovglas. 

To  ABAYS,  v.  a.  To  abash;  to'confound. 
Abaysyd,  part.  pa.  Wyntown.  Fr.  abass- 
ir,  id. 

ABAITMENT,  s.  Diversion  ;  sport.  Dou- 
glas. Arm.  ebat-a,  ludere,  ebat,  ludus  ; 
O.Fr.  ebaud-ir,  recreare,  ebattement,  re- 

ABAK,  adv.  Back;  behind.  Chaucer,  id. 
Douglas.  Isl.  aabak,  retrorsum.  A.S.  on 
baec,  id. 

To  ABANDON,  r.  a.  1.  To  bring  under 
absolute  subjection.  Barbour.  2.  To  let 
loose;  to  give  permission  to  act  at  plea- 
sure. Wallace.  3.  To  destroy,  to  cut 
off.  Wallace.  4.  Effectually  to  prevent ; 
nearly  in  sense  to  deter.  Bellend.  Cron. 
— Fr.  abandonn-er,  id. 

ABANDONLY,  Abandounly,  adr.  At  ran- 
dom, without  regard  to  danger.    Wallace. 

ABANDOUN.  In  abandoun,  at  abandoun, 
at  random.  Barbour.  Chaucer  uses  ban- 
don  as  denoting  free  will,  pleasure. — Fr. 
en  abandon,  a  I'dbandon,  id.  from  a  ban 
and  dormer,  to  give  up  to  interdiction. 

ABARRAND,  part.  pr.  Departing  from 
the  right  way,  wandering.  E.  Aberring. 
Bellend.  Cron. 

ABASIT,  part.  pa.  Confounded ;  abashed. 
Douglas.     V.  Abays. 

ABATE,  s.  Accident ;  something  that  sur- 
prises one,  as  being  unexpected ;  event, 
adventure.  King's  Quair. — Fr.  abatt-re, 
to  daunt,  to  overthrow;  or  abet-ir,  hebe- 
tem,  stupidum,  reddere. 

To  ABAW.   V.  Abay. 

ABBACY,  Abbasy,  s.  An  abbey.  L.B. 
abatia,  id.   Acts  Ja.  III. 

ABBEY-LAIRD,  s.  A  ludicrous  and  cant 
term  for  a  bankrupt ;  for  one  at  least  who, 
from  inability  to  pay  his  creditors,  finds 
it  necessary  to  take  the  benefit  of  the  girth 
of  the  confines  of  Holyrood  House  for  pro- 
tection from  them.  Loth.  Cock-Laird, 
Herd's  Coll. 

ABBEIT,  s.  Dress;  apparel.  O.E.  abite. 
Bannatyne  Poems.  Arm.  abyt,  abyta, 
Lat.   habit-us,   Fr.  habit,  id. 

ABBIS,  s.  pi.  Surplices;  white  linen  vest- 
ments worn  by  priests.  Coll.  In  rentories. 
L.B.  alba,  id.  from  Lat.  albus,  white. 

ABBOT,  s.  Probably  for  dress.  Habit, 
Pitscottie's  Cron, 

ABBOT  OF  UNREASON,  a  sort  of  his- 
trionic character,  anciently  exhibited  in 
Scotland, but  afterwards  forbidden  by  Act 
of  Parliament.  Acts  Mary.  This  was 
one  of  the  Christmas  sports ;  and,  as 
the  ancient  Saturnalia  levelled  all  dis- 
tinction of  ranks,  the  design  of  this 
amusement  was  to  ridicule  the  solemnity 
of  the  proceedings  of  an  Abbot,  or  other 
dignified  clergyman.  It  is  the  same  with 
the  Abbot  of  Misrule,  and  distinguished 
in  name  only  from  the  Boy-Bishop,  char- 
acters formerly  well  known  both  in  Eng- 
land and  in  France.  The  principal  per- 
sonage was  denominated  the  Abbot  of 
Unreason,  because  his  actings  were  in- 
consistent with  reason,  and  merely  meant 
to  excite  mirth.  For  a  more  particular 
account  of  this,  see  The  Abbot. 

ABC.  An  alphabetical  arrangement  of 
duties  payable  to  Government  on  goods 
imported  or  exported.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 

ABE,  s.  Diminutive  of  Ebenezer ;  pro- 
nounced q.  Ebi.  Roxb. 

ABEE.  To  let  abee,  to  let  alone  ;  to  bear 
with;  not  to  meddle  with,  S.  To  let  be, 
E.   Ritson. 

Let-abee,  s.  Forbearance,  or  conniv- 
ance. Let-abee  for  let-abee ;  mutual  for- 
bearance, S.  Let-a-be  for  let-a-be.  The 

Let  abee.  Far  less—"  He  couldna  sit,  let 
abee  stand." 

ABEECH,  Abiegh,  adr.  Aloof,  "  at  a  shy 
distance;"  chiefly  used  in  the  west  of  S. 
Stand  abeigh,  keep  aloof.  Burns. — Fr. 
aboy,  O.Fr.  abai,  abay,  abbais;  E.  at  bay, 
O.E.  abay. 

ABEFOIR,  adr.  Formerly  ;  before.  Pit- 

ABEIS,  Abies, prep.  In  comparison  with; 
as,  "  This  is  black  abeis  that ; — London  is 
a  big  town  abies  Edinburgh."  Fife.  Beis 
in  Loth.  Perhaps  a  corr.  of  Albeit.  V. 
Beis,  prep. 

ABERAND,  part.  pr.  Going  astray.  Lat. 
aberrans,  E.  aberriiu/.    Be/lenden, 

To  ABHOR,  r.  a,  To  fill  with  horror. 

To  ABY /r.  a.  To  suffer  for.  O.E.  abeye, 
able.    A.S.  byg-an,  to  buy.    Henrysone. 


ABIDDIN,  part.  pa.  Waited  for.  Nicol 
Bur  Hi-. 

ABIL,  adj.  Able.  Wuntown. — Lat. habil-is, 
Fr.  habile,  C.B.  abl,  Teut.  a&eZ,  id. 

ABIL,  <T(/r.  Perhaps.    V.  Able. 

ABILYEMENTIS,  Abeilyementis,  s.  pi. 
1.  Dress.  Rabelais.  2.  Accoutrement; 
apparatus,  of  what  kind  soever.  Acts 
Ja.  III. 

ABYLL,a$.  Liable;  apt.  V.  Abil.  B.  II  „d. 

ABITIS,  s. 'pi.  Obits  ;  service  for  the  dead. 
Bannatyne  Poems. — Lat.  obit-us,  death; 
also,  office  for  the  dead. 

ABLACH,  Ablack,  s.  1.  "A  dwarf;  an 
expression  of  contempt,"  Gl.  Shirr.  S.B. 
Gael,  abhach,  id.  2.  The  remains  of  any 
animal  that  has  become  the  prey  of  a 
dog,  fox,  polecat,  &c.  3.  A  particle;  a 
fragment  ;  used  in  a  general  sense.  Isl. 
aflag,  anything  superfluous;  Dan.  aflagt, 

ABLE,  adj.  1.  Proper;  fit.  2.  Liable; 
in  danger  of.    Acts  Ja.  VI. 

ABLE,  Abil,  Ablis,  Ablins,  adv.  Perhaps; 
peradventure,  S.  Yeable-sea,  id.  Mont- 
gomery.— A.S.  abed,  Isl.  and  Su.G.  afi, 
strength,  properly  that  of  the  body  ;  afl-as, 
to  be  able. 

ABLEEZE,  adv.  In  a  blaze.  Bride  of 

ABLINS,  adv.   V.  Able. 

A-BOIL,  adv.  To  come  a-boil,  to  begin  to 
boil,  S. 

ABOOT,  adv.  To  boot ;  the  odds  paid  in 
a  bargain  or  exchange.     Roxb. 

ABORDAGE,  s.  Apparently,  the  act  of 
boarding  a  ship.  Sea  Laicis,  Balfour's 

ABOUT-SPEICH,s.  Circumlocution.  Dou- 
glas Virg. 

ABOWYNE,  Abone,  Abow,  prep.  1. 
Above,  as  signifying  higher  in  place  ; 
over ;  aboon,  S. — Gl.  Yorks.  Westmorel. 
Wallace.  2.  Over — "  Tullus  rang  thirty- 
two  yeris,  in  great  glore,  abone  the  Ro- 
manis."  Bellenden.  3.  Superior  to,  S. 
Barbour. — A.S.  abufan,  id.  The  radical 
term  is  evidently  ufan,  supra. 

ABRAIDIT,  part.  adj.  A  term  applied  by 
carpenters  to  the  surface  of  a  ragstone, 
used  for  sharpening  their  tools,  when  it 
has  become  too  smooth  for  the  purpose. 
Roxb. — O.Fr.  abradant,  wearing  away  ; 
Lat.  abradere,  to  scrape  or  shave  off. 

To  ABREDE,  r.  a.  To  publish;  to  spread 
abroad.  Gl.  Sibb.—A.S.  abraed-an,  pro- 

To  ABREDE,  r.  n.  To  start;  to  fly  to  a 
side.    Chauc.  abraide,  id.    Henrysone. 

ABREED,  adr.  In  breadth,  "S.  Gl. 

ABREID,  Abrade,  Abread,  adv.  1. 
Abroad;  at  large,  S.  Buret.  2.  Asunder. 
Roxb. — A.S.  abred-an,  extendere,  or  Isl. 
a  bra  ut,  forth,  in  via. 

ABSOLVITOR,  Absolvitour,  Absolvitur, 

\  ACH 

s.  A  forensic  term,  used  in  two  differ- 
ent ways  : — 1.  Absohitur  ab  instantia, 
"One  is  said  to  be  absolved  from  the 
instance,  when  there  is  some  defect  or 
informality  in  the  proceedings  ;  for  there- 
by that  instance  is  ended  until  new 
citation." — Spottisicoode's  Law  Diet.  MS. 
— 2.  Absohitur  from  the  claim.  "  When 
a  person  is  freed  by  sentence  of  a  judge 
from  any  debt  or  demand,  he  is  said  to 
have  obtained  absohitur  from  the  pursu- 
er's claim." — Ibid. 

Evidently  from  the  use  of  the  3d  pers. 
sing,  of  the  Latin  verb — Absohitur. 
ABSTACLE,     s.      Obstacle.      Pitscottie's 

ABSTINENCE,  s.    A  truce;  cessation  of 
arms.     Spotswood's  Hist. — Fr.   id.  L.B. 
ABSTRAKLOUS,  adj.       Cross-tempered. 
Ayrs.  Perhaps  a  misnomer  of  obstreperous, 
AB-THANE,  Abthane,  s.    V.  Thane. 
ABVF IN, prep.  Above.  A.S.  abufan,id.  V. 

ABULYEIT,  Abulyied,   Abilyeit,  part, 
pa.    1.  Drest;  apparelled.   Douglas.     2. 
Equipped  for  the  field  of  battle.     Acts 
Ja.  II.— Fr.  habill-er,  to  clothe. 
ABULIEMENT,*.     Dress;  habit.    Bellen- 
den.    Fr.  habiliment. 
To  ABUSE,  t.  a.     To  disuse  ;  to  give  up 
the   practice  of  anything.     Acts  Ja.  II. 
V.  Vyssis.     L.B.  abuti,  non  uti. 
ABUSIOUN,  Abusion,  s.    1.  Abuse.    Acts 
Ja.  IV.    2.  Deceit ;  imposition  practised 
on  another.    Pitscottie. — Fr.  abusion. 
AC,Ec,conj.  But;and.  Barbour. — A.S.aec, 
eac ;  Moes.G.  auk;  Alem.  auh ;  Su.G.  och, 
ock ;  Belg.  ook ;  Lat.  ac,  etiam. 
ACCEDENS,  s.     A  term  used  in  reference 

to  rent  in  money.  Aberd.  Beg. 
ACCEDENT,  s.    An  accession,  or  casualty. 

Spalding.    V.  Accedens. 
To  ACCLAME,  r.  a.    To  lay  claim  to  ;  to 
demand  as  one's  right.  Acts  Mary.  L.B. 
ACCOMIE,  Accumie,  s.    A  species  of  mixed 

metal,  S.     V.  Alcomye. 
To  ACCORD.    Used  impersonally  ;  as  ac- 
cords, or  as  accords  of  law,  i.  e.  as  is 
agreeable  or  conformable  to  law.     It  has 
greater  latitude  of  signification  than  the 
phrase,  as  effeiris,  which  denotes  anything 
proportional,  convenient,  or  becoming,  as 
well  as  conformity.     Laics  of  S. 
ACCOUNT,  s.     To  lay  one's  account  with  ; 
to   assure   one's    self  of  ;    to   make    up 
one's   mind   to   anything,   S.      Walker's 
ACCUMIE  PEN,  ?.     A  metallic  pencil  for 

writing  on  tablets.     V.  Accomie. 
ACE,  s.     1.  The  smallest  division  of  any- 
thing.    2.    A   single   particle  ;    a    unit. 
Orkn.      G.  Andr. 
ACE,  s.    Ashes.    V.  As,  Ass. 
ACHERSPIRE,  s.      The   germination   of 



malt  at  that  end  of  the  grain  from  which 
the  stalk  grows,  S.     V.  the  b. 

To  ACHERSPYRE,  r.  n.  To  shoot ;  to 
sprout;  to  germinate.  E.  acrospire.  Chal- 
merlan  Air. — A.S.  aechir,  an  ear  of  corn, 
aecer,  Su.G.  aakar,  corn,  and  spin/,  the 
projection  of  anything  that  is  long  and 
slender.  Gr.  «*?»?,  summus,  and  <rTue*, 

ACHIL,  adj.    Noble.    V.  Athil. 

To  ACK,  v.  a.  To  enact.     V.  Act,  v. 

ACKADENT,  s.  A  spirituous  liquor  re- 
sembling rum.  Ayrs.  Apparently  the 
corr.  of  some  foreign  designation  begin- 
ning with  Aqua. 

ACKER-DALE,  adj.  Divided  into  single 
acres  or  small  portions. — A.S.  aecer,  an 
acre,  and  dael-an,  to  divide. 

ACLITE,  Acklyte,  adc.  Awry ;  to  one 
side.     Roxb.     Synon.  Agee,  S. 

ACORNIE,  s.  Apparently  a  drinking  ves- 
sel, with  ears  or  handles,  like  a  quaich. 
Fr.  acorn'e,  horned  ;  having  horns. 

ACQUAINT,  Acquent,  part.  adj.  Ac- 
quainted. Psalms,  Metrical  Version  ; 
Heart  Mid. -Loth. 

ACQUART,  Aikwert,  adj.  1.  Averted; 
turned  from.  2.  Cross;  perverse,  S.  Dou- 
glas.— A.S.  ac werd,  aversus,  perversus.  E. 

ACQUATE,  pret.  tense.  Acquitted.  Acts 
Cha,  I. 

To  ACQUE1S,  r.  a.  To  acquire.  Burel.— 
Fr.  acquis,  acquise,  part.  pa. ;  Lat.  acqui- 
situs,  acquired. 

To  ACQUIET,  v.  a.  1.  To  quiet  ;  to  bring 
to  a  state  of  tranquillity.  2.  To  secure. 
Act.  Dom.  Cone.  L.B.  acquietare,  to  ren- 
der quiet  or  secure. 

To  ACQUITE,  c.  a.  Perhaps  to  revenge  ; 
but  doubtful.    Bellenden. 

ACRE,  s.  An  old  sort  of  duel  fought  by 
single  combatants,  English  and  Scotch, 
between  the  frontiers  of  their  kingdom, 
with  sword  and  lance. — Coicel'sLaw  Diet. 

ACRE-BRAID,  s.  The  breadth  of  an  acre. 
Pickews  Poems. 

ACRER,  s.  A  very  small  proprietor;  a 
portioner  or  feuar,  S.A. 

To  ACRES,  Acresce,  r.  n.  1.  To  increase; 
to  gather  strength.  Burel.  2.  Used 
as  a  law  term  in  S.  to  denote  that  one 
species  of  right,  or  claim,  flows  from, 
and  naturally  falls  to  be  added  to,  its 
principal. — Fr.  accroistre,  Lat.  accrescere, 

To  ACT,  Ack,  r.  a.  To  require  by  judicial 
authority  ;  nearly  the  same  with  E.  en- 
act, with  this  difference,  that  there  is  a 
transition  from  the  deed  to  the  person 
whom  it  regards.  Acts  Cha.  I. 

ACTENTICKLY,  adc.  Authentically.  Act. 
Dom.  Cone. 

ACTION  SERMON,  s.  The  sermon  that 
immediately  precedes  the  celebration  of 
the  ordinance  of  the  Lord's  Supper  in  S. 

ACTIOUN,  s.  Affairs  ;  business ;  interest. 

ACTON,  s.  A  leathern  jacket,  strongly 
stuffed,  anciently  worn  under  a  coat  of 
mail.  Stat.  Bob.  I.  —  O.Fr.  auquelon, 
haucton,  L.B.  aketon,  acton,  id. 

ACTUAL,  adj.  An  actual  minister,  or  an 
actual  man,  a  phrase  still  used  by  the 
vulgar  to  denote  one  who  is  in  full  orders 
as  a  minister  of  the  gospel,  S.  Wvdrovc. 
— L.B.  actus,  officium,  ministerium. 

ADAM'S  WINE.  A  cant  phrase  for  water 
as  a  beverage,  our  first  father  being  sup- 
posed to  have  known  nothing  more  power- 
ful^.    Sir  Andrew  Wylie. 

ADDER-BEAD,  Adder-Stane,  s.  The 
stone  supposed  to  be  formed  by  adders,  S. 
Nithsdale.     V.  Bead. 

ADDETT1T,  jxirt.  pa.  Indebted.  Dong/as. 
— Fr.  endebte,  id. 

ADDLE,  adj.  Foul.  An  addle  dub ;  a 
filthy  pool.     Clydes.     V.  Adill. 

To  ADDLE,  r.  n.  To  moisten  the  roots  of 
plants  with  the  urine  of  cattle.  Renfrews. 
— Su.G.  adl-a,  mejere. 

ADE,  Adie,  s.  Abbreviation  of  Adam  ; 
pronounced  Yedie,  south  of  S. 

ADEW,  used  as  an  adj.  Gone  ;  departed  ; 
fled.  Douglas. — From  Fr.  adieu,  used  in 
an  oblique  sense. 

ADEW,  part.  pa.  Done.  Wallace. — A.S. 
adoa,  facere,  adon,  tollere. 

ADHANTARE,  s.  One  who  haunts  a 
place.     Aberd.  Beg. 

ADHEILL,  s.  The  district  in  S.  now  called 
Athol.  Barbour.  —  Gael.  Blair-adh-oll, 
Blair- Atholl,  expl.  "  the  great  pleasant 

ADIENCE,  s.  To  gie  adience,  to  make 
room.  To  give  a  wall  adience,  not  to 
confine  it  in  its  extent.  Fife.  It  is  synon. 
with  S.  scouth. 

ADILL,  Addle,  s.  1.  Foul  and  putrid 
water.  Douglas.  2.  The  urine  of  black 
cattle.  Renfrews. — A.S.  adl,  filthy  gore, 
Teut.  adel,  filth,  mire,  Su.G.  adla,  me- 

ADIORNALE,  Adjournal,  Acte  of.  The 
designation  given  to  the  record  of  a  sen- 
tence passed  in  a  criminal  cause  ;  and 
kept  in  what  are  called  the  Books  of  Ad- 
journal.    Acts  Man/. 

To  ADIORNIS,  c.  a.  *To  cite;  to  summon. 
Fr.  adjourn-er. 

ADIST,  prep.  On  this  side,  S.  It  is  op- 
posed to  ayont,  i.  e.  on  the  other  side. 
Kelly. — Perhaps  from  Germ,  diss,  hoc,  E. 
this. ' 

ADMINACLE,  s.  Perhaps,  pendicle  of 
land.    Acts  Ch.  I. 

ADMINICLE,*.  Collateral  proof.  Ersk,  Inst. 

ADMINICULATE,  part.  pa.  Supported; 
set  forth.  Crookshank's  Hist.  Lat.  ad- 
minicul-ari,  to  prop,  to  support. 

To  ADNULL,  r.  a.  To  abrogate ;  to  annul. 
Lat.  ad null -a re,  from  ad  and  nu/lus. 


ADOIS,  Adoes,  Addois,  s.  pi.  1 .  Business ; 
affairs.  Acts  Ja.  VI.  2.  It  is  also  used 
as  denoting  difficulties,  like  E.  ado;  as 
"  I  had  ray  ain  adoes,"  i.  e.  difficulties. 

To  ADORN E,  v.  a.  To  worship;  to  adore. 
Abp.  Hamiltoun. 

ADOW.  Naething  adorn,  worth  little  or 
nothing.  Roxb.  From  the  r.  Dow,  to  be 
able. — A.S.  dm/an,  prodesse,  valere. 

ADRAD,  part.  'adj.  Afraid.  Upp.  Clydes. 
Gl.  Sibb. — A.S.  adraed-an,  timere. 

ADRED,  adv.  Downright.  Douglas.— Ft. 
adroit,  or  droit,  right,  straight,  Lat.  direct- 
us.     Rudd. 

ADREICH,  adv.  Behind ;  at  a  distance. 
To  follow  adreich,  to  follow  at  a  consider- 
able distance,  S.B.  Adrigh,  O.E.— From 
the  adj.  Dreich,  q.  v.    Beltenden. 

ADREID,  con j.  Lest.  Palice  Hon. — Imper. 
of  A.S.  adraed-an,  timere. 

ADRESLY,  adv.  With  good  address.  Wyn- 

To  ADTEMPT  against,  r.  n.  To  disobey. 
Aberd.  Reg.     V.  Attemptat. 

To  ADVERT,  v.  a.   To  avert;  to  turn  aside. 

ADVERTENCE,  Aduertance,  s.  1.  Reti- 
nue. 2.  Adherents  ;  advisers  ;  abettors. 
Chron.  Ja.  II. — Fr.  advert-ir,  to  give  ad- 

To  ADVISE,  r.  a.  To  Advise  a  Cause  or 
Process,  to  deliberate  so  as  to  give  judg- 
ment on  it,  S.  Acts  Ja.  VI. — L.B.  advis- 
are,  consulere. 

To  ADVOCATE,  v.  n.  To  plead,  e.  a.  To 
advocate  a  cause.  Lat.  advocare.  Ruth. 

ADVOUTRIE,  Advoutry,  s.  Adultery. 
Anderson's  Coll. — O.Fr.  adroutire. 

To  ADURNE,  v.  a.  To  adore ;  the  same 
with  Adorne.     Keith's  Hist. 

AD  WANG,  adj.     Tiresome.     V.  Dwang. 

AE,  «rfr.  Always  ;  E.  aye.  Z.Boyd. —  Isl. 
ae,  semper,  Moes.G.  aim,  aeternum. 

AE,  adj.  1.  One.  2.  Used  with  superlatives 
in  an  intensive  sense  ;  as,  "  The  ae  best 
fellow  e'er  was  born."  Burns.  V.  let- 
ter A. 

AE,  adj.  Only  ;  as,  "  Whilk  brak  the  heart 
of  my  ae  sister." — Jacobite  Relics. 

AE-BEAST-TREE,  s.  A  swingle-tree,  or 
bar,  by  which  only  one  horse  draws  in 
ploughing.   Orkn. 

AE-FUR,  a.  Having  all  the  soil  turned 
over  by  the  plough  in  one  direction. 
Clydes.  Selkirks. 

AE-FUR-LAND,  Af-fur-brae,  g.  Ground 
which,  from  its  steepness,  can  be  ploughed 
only  in  one  direction,  or  with  one  furrow, 
the  plough  returning  without  entering 
the  soil.    Selkirks.  Clydes. 

AE-HAUN'T,  adj.  Single-handed;  having 
one  hand. 

AE-POINTIT-GAIRSS,  s.  Sedge-grass, 
a  species  of  carex ;  single-pointed  grass. 

AER,  s.    Oar.    V.  Air.    Stat.  Gild. 


To  AFAYND,  r.a.  To  attempt;  to  endea- 
vour; to  try.  Wallace. — A.S.  afand-ian 

AFALD,  Afauld,  Aefauld,  Aufauld,  Ef- 
fauld,  adj.  1.  Honest ;  upright ;  with- 
out duplicity,  S.  2.  Used  to  denote  the 
unity  of  the  divine  essence  in  a  trinity  of 
persons.  Barbour. — Moes.G.  ainfalth,  Isl. 
eivfauld,  A.S,  anfeald,  simplex.  Imme- 
diately from  S.,  a  or  ae,  one,  and  fald, 

AFALDLY,  adv.  Honestly  ;  uprightly. 

AFAST,  adj.  Perhaps,  fixed,  or  riveted 
with  awe. 

AFF,  adv.  Off,  S.  Ross.— Moes.G.,  Isl., 
Su.G.,  Dan.,  Belg.,  af,  Gr.  «■->>,  <*?'.  Aleni. 
and  Lat.  ab. 

AFF,  prep.  From,  off ;  as  denoting  lineage. 
Rob  Roy. 

AFF  at  the  knot,  lunatic,  deranged,  S.B. 
Gl.  Sheriffs. 

AFF  and  on.  1 .  Applied  to  those  who  lodge 
on  the  same  floor,  S.  2.  Without  any 
permanent  change,  used  in  relation  to  the 
sick,  S.  3.  Unsteady  ;  vacillating,  as  re- 
garding conduct. 

AFF  and  on  about.     Pretty  much  about. 

AFF  or  on,  determined  one  way  or  another, 
as  in  regard  to  a  commercial  transac- 
tion, S. 

AFF  ANE'S  FIT.  Weakly  ;  unfit  for  any 
work,  as,  "He's  fa'ing  aff  his  feet." 

AFFCAST,  s.  A  castaway.  Bruce.— From 
af,  off,  and  cast. 

AFFCOME,  s.  1.  The  termination  of  any 
business  ;  the  reception  one  meets  with  ; 
as,  "  I  had  an  ill  afi'come  ;"  I  came  off 
with  an  ill  grace,  I  was  not  well  received. 

2.  It  is  also  sometimes  used  in  the  sense 
of  escape ;  as,  "  A  gude  affcome,  q.  coming 
off."  3.  An  evasive  excuse,  hedging  ;  as, 
"A  puir  affcome,"  S.  Su.G.  Afkomst, 
reditus  ;  from  af,  of,  and  komm-a,  to 

AFFECTIOUN,  s.  Relationship  ;  consan- 
guinity, or  affinity.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 

AFFECTUOUS,  adj.  Affectionate.  V.  Ef- 
fectuous.     Abp.  Hamiltoun. 

AFFEIRING,  adv.  In  relation  or  propor- 
tion.   Ettr.  For.    V.  Afferis,  Effeirs,  v. 

AFFER,  Afeir,  Effeir,  Effere,  s.  1.  Con- 
dition ;  state.  Barbour.  2.  Warlike  pre- 
paration ;  equipment  for  war.     Wallace. 

3.  Appearance  ;  show.  Barbour.  4.  De- 
meanour ;  deportment.  Maitland  P.  V. 
Fair,  Fere. 

AFFERD,  part.  pa.  Afraid,  O.E.  offered, 
vulgar  E.  afeard.  Douglas. — A.S.  afaered, 

AFFERIS,  Effeirs,  v.  iwpers.  1.  Be- 
comes; belongs  to;  is  proper  or  expedient ; 
frequently  used  in  our  laws.  Barbour. 
2.  It  sometimes  signifies  what  is  propor- 
tional to,  S.  Act.  Cone— O.Fr.  affcr-ir, 
appartenir,  Lat.  affero. 


AFF-FA'INS,  *.  Scraps  ;  castings  ;  what 
has  fallen  off.     Sw.  affalla,  to  fall  off. 

AFFGATE,  s.  A  mode  of  disposing  of,  an 
outlet ;  applied  to  merchandise  ;  an  aff- 
gate  for  goods.  Loth. ;  perhaps  rather  off- 
get,  q.  to  get  off. 

AFF-HAND,  adj.  Plain ;  honest ;  blunt ; 
given  to  free  speaking,  S.  affin-hand. 

AFF-HAND,  adc.  Without  premedita- 
tion ;  forthwith ;  without  delay,  S.  Ram- 

AFFLUFE,  Aff  loof,  adc.  1.  Without 
book;  offhand.  To  repeat  afflufe,  to  de- 
liver merely  from  memory,  without  hav- 
ing a  book  or  notes,  S.  2.  Extempore, 
without  premeditation,  S.  Ramsay.  3. 
Forthwith  ;  out  of  hand.  From  S.  aff,  off, 
and  lufe,  the  palm  of  the  hand. 

AFFORDELL,  adj.  Alive  ;  yet  remaining. 
V.  Fordel. 

AFFPUT,  s.  Delay,  or  pretence  for  delay- 
ing, S. 

AFFPUTTING,  adj.  Delaying  ;  trifling  ; 
dilatory,  putting  iff,  S. 

AFFRAY,  s.  Fear;  terror;  Chaucer,  id. 
— Fr.  affre,  effroi,  terreur.    Barbour. 

AFFROITLIE,  adv.  Affrightedly.  —  Fr. 
effroy-er,  to  frighten.    Douglas. 

AFFRONT,  s.  Disgrace  ;  shame,  S.  Ar- 
buthnot  on  Coins. 

To  AFFRONT,  v.  a.  To  disgrace;  to  put 
to  shame,  S. 

AFFRONTED,  part.  adj.  Having  done 
anything  that  exposes  one  to  shame,  S. 

AFFRONTLESS,  adj.  Not  susceptible  of 
disgrace  or  shame.    Aberd. 

AFFSET,  s.  1.  Dismission  ;  the  act  of  put- 
ting away,  S.  2.  An  excuse  ;  a  pretence, 
S.    Ross. — Moes.G.  afsat-jan,  amovere. 

AFFSIDE,  s.  The  farther' side  of  any  ob- 
ject, S.     Su.G.  a/sides,  seorsum. 

AFFT  AK,  s.  A  piece  of  waggishness,  tend- 
ing to  expose  one  to  ridicule.    Fife. 

AFFTAKIN,  s.  The  habit  or  act  of  taking 
off,  or  exposing  others  to  ridicule.  Fife. 

AFLAUGHT,  adv.  Lying  flat.  Roxb.  V. 

AFLOCHT,  Aflought,  part.  pa.  Agi- 
tated; in  a  flutter,  S.  V.  Flocht.  Bel- 

AFORE-FIT,  A'Fore-fit,  adv.  Indis- 
criminately ;  all  without  exception.  Upp. 
Clydes.  ;  q.  all  before  the  foot. 

AFORGAYNjjM-ep.  Opposite  to  ;  the  same 
with  Foregainst,  q.  v.  Barbour. — A.S. 
onforan,  ante,  coram,  and  gean,  contra  ; 
on  being  changed  into  a  in  S.  and  E.,  as 
onweg  into  away.  Foran  ongean,  ex  ad- 

AFORNENS,  prep.  Opposite  to.  V.  Fore- 
anent.     Wyntoicn. 

AFRIST,  ado.  In  a  state  of  delay ;  on 
credit.     V.  Frist,  v. 

AFTEN,  adv.  Often,  S.  Ramsay.  A.S. 
arft,  iterum. 


AFTER  ANE,  adv.    Alike  ;  in  the  same 

manner;  in  one  form,  S.  i.  e.  after  one. 
AFTERCAST,  s.      Consequence  ;    effect  ; 

what  may  ensue  ;  as,  "  He  durstna  do't 

for  fear  o'  the  aftercast."  Roxb. 
AFTER-CLAP,  s.      Evil  consequence,  S. 

Gl.  Sibb. 
AFTERCOME,  *.       Consequence  ;    what 

comes  after.    South  of  S. 
AFTERCUMMER,  s.     A  successor.    Lett. 

Ja.  V. 
AFTERGAIT,  adj.     1.  Proper ;  fitting.    2. 

Tolerable  ;  moderate.     Roxb. 
To  AFTERGANG,  v.  n.    To  follow.   Ross. 

A.S.  aeftergan,  subsequi. 
AFTERHEND,  ado.    Afterwards.    V.  Ef- 


AFTERINGS,  Aft'rins,  s.  pi.  1.  The 
last  milk  drawn  from  a  cow,  S.  Lan- 
cash.  2.  The  remainder,  in  a  more  gener- 
al sense;  as,"  The  aft'rins  o'  a  feast."  East 
of  Fife.  3.  Consequences.  Ayrs.  R. 

AFTERSUPPER,  s.  The  interval  between 
supper  and  bedtime.  Lanarks.  V.  Fore- 

AFTERWALD,  s.  That  division  of  a  farm 
called  Outfield.     Caithn. 

AFWARD,  adr.  Off;  away  from.  Renfr. 
A.  Wilson. 

AGAIN,  adv.  At  another  time ;  used  in- 
definitely.   Reg.  Dalton. 

To  AGAIN-CALL,  v.  a.  1 .  To  revoke ;  to 
recall.  2.  To  oppose,  to  gainsay  ;  so  as 
to  put  iii  a  legal  bar  in  court  to  the  exe- 
cution of  a  sentence.  Syn.  False,  v.  Pari. 
Ja.  III. 

AGAINCALLING,  s.  Recall  ;  revocation. 
Barry's  Orkn. 

AGAYNE,  Agane,  prep.  Against,  S. 
Waverley,  Wyntown. —  AS.  gean,  agen, 
ongean,  Su.G.  gen,  igen,  Isl.  gegn,  gen, 

AGAIN-GEVIN,  s.    Restoration. 

AGAIRY.  To  Go  Agairy.  To  leave  one's 
service  before  the  term-day.    Orkn. 

AGAIT,  adv.  Astir;  on  the  way  or  road. 
V.  Gait.  Wallace. — A  in  the  sense  of 
on,  and  gait,  a  way. 

AG  AIT  WARD,  Agaitwaird,  adv.  1.  On 
the  road,  used  in  a  literal  sense.  2.  In 
a  direction  towards  ;  referring  to  the 

To  AGANE-SAY,  v.  a.  To  recall.  "Revoke 
and  agane-say."     Aberd.  Reg. 

A'-GATES,  adv.  Everywhere;  all  ways. 
Antiquary.     V.  Algait. 

AGATIS,  adv.  In  one  way,  uniformly, 
Barbour. — A  one,  and  gatis  the  plur.  or 
genit.  of  A.S.  gat,  a  way. 

AGEE,  A-Jee,  adv.  1.  To  one  side,  S.  To 
look  agye,  to  look  aside,  Gl.  Yorks.  Ram- 
say. 2.  A-jar,  a  little  open,  S.  Burns. 
3.  Deranged  in  mind  ;  as,  "  His  brain  was 
a  wee  agee."  From  a,  on,  and  jce,  to  move, 
to  turn. 


To  AGENT,  v.  a.     To  manage,  whether  in 

a  court  of  law,  or  by  interest,  S.   Baillie. 
To  AGGREGE,  Aggreadge,  v.  a.     To  ag- 
gravate ;  to  increase ;  to  enhance.     Acts 

of  Assembly .     Fr.  aqqreger,  id. 
To  AGGRISE,  r.  a.  To  affright ;  to  fill  with 

horror.     Agryse,  Chaucer,  to  shudder,  to 

make  to  shudder.    Douglas.    A.S.  agrys- 

an,  horrere.     V.  Gryis. 
AGIE,  s.    Abbreviation  of  the  name  Agnes, 

AGLEE,   Agley,    A-gly,  adv.      Off    the 

right  line  ;  obliquely  ;  wrong,  S.  Burns. 

V.  Gley. 
AGNAT,  Agnate,  Agnet,  s.     The  nearest 

paternal    relation.     Chalmers's   Life    of 

Mary.     Lat.  agnati. 
AGREATION,  s.      Agreement,  Fr.      Acts 

Cha.  I. 
AGREE  ANCE,  s.     Agreement.     Spalding. 
AGRUFE,  adv.      In  a  flat  or  grovelling 

position,  S.     V.  Grufe. 
AGWET,  s.     The  name  anciently  given  to 

the  hill  on  which  the  castle  of  Edinburgh 

stands.     Hardyng. — Corr.  from  C.B.  Ag- 

ned,  Castel   mynyd  Agned ;   perhaps,  q. 

"the   castle  of  the  rifted  mount,"  agen, 

signifying  a  cliff,  ageniad,  id.  agenedig, 

AHECHIE,  inter].    An  exclamation  uttered 

in  ludicrous  contempt.    Loth.     V.  Hech, 

AHIN,  adv.     Behind.    Aberd. 
AHIND,   Ahint,  prep,  and  adv.      1.  Be- 
hind,  in   respect   of   place,   S.    Buchan 

Poems.    2.  Late,  after,  as  to  time,  S.     3. 

Applied  to  what  remains,  or  is  left,  S. 

Ross.     A.S.  hindan,  post,  aet  hindan,  a 

tergo,  on-hinder,  retrorsum. 
To  Come  in  Ahint  one.   To  take  advantage 

of  one,  S.  Bob  Roy. 
To  Get  on  Ahint  one.  To  get  the  advantage 

of  one  in  a  bargain,  to  take  him  in,  S. 
AHOMEL,  adv.    Turned  upside  down;  ap- 
plied to  a  vessel  whose  bottom  is  upward. 

Roxb.    From  a  for  on,  and  Quhemle,  q.  v. 
AY,  adv.     Still ;  to  this  time  ;  as,  "  He's 

ay  living,"  he  is  still  alive,  S. 
AICH,  s.     Echo,  S.B. 
To  AICH,  v.  n.    To  echo.     Clydes. 
AICHER,  (gutt.)  s.  A  head  of  oats  or  barley. 

Orkn.     V.  Echer. 
AYCHT,  s.     An  oath.     Aberd.  Reg.    V. 

AICHUS,  Haichus,  (gutt.)  s.     A  heavy  fall 

causing   strong   respiration ;    apparently 

from  Hech.    Mearns. 
AIDLE-HOLE,  s.     A  hole  into  which  the 

urine  of  cattle  is  allowed  to  run  from 

their  stables  or  byres.    Ayrs.    V.  Adill, 

AID-MAJOR,  s.    Apparently  equivalent  to 

English  Adjutant. 
AYEN,  s.  A  term  applied  to  a  beast  of  the 

herd,  of  one  year  old ;  also  to  a  child. 

Buchan.    Pron.  as  E.  aye. 


AYER,  s.  An  itinerant  court.  Act.  Audit. 

AIERIS,  s.  pi.  Heirs;  successors  in  inhe- 
ritance,   Act.  Bom.  Cone. 

AIFER,  s.  An  old  term  in  Ettr.  For.  for 
the  exhalations  which  arise  from  the 
ground  in  a  warm,  sunny  day.  Isl.  aefr, 
hot,  fierce,  kindling. 

AIGARS.  s.  Grain  dried  very  much  in  a 
pot,  for  being  ground  in  a  quern  or  hand- 
mill,  S.B. — Moes.G.  akran,  Su.G.  aker, 
Isl.  akur,  corn ;  A.S.  aecer,  an  ear  of  corn. 

AIGAR-MEAL,  s.  Meal  made  of  grain 
dried  in  this  manner,  S. 

AIGAR-BROSE,  s.  A  sort  of  pottage  made 
of  this  meal,  S. 

To  AIGH,  v.  a.  To  owe;  to  be  indebted. 
Aighand,  owing,  S.B. — Su.G.  aeg-a,  Isl. 
eig-a,  debere ;  Moes.G.  aig-an,  A.S.  ag-an, 
habere,  possidere. 

AIGHINS,  s.  pi.  What  is  owing  to  one, 
especially  used  as  denoting  demerit.  When 
one  threatens  to  correct  a  child  who  is  in 
fault,  it  is  a  common  expression,"  I'llgie 
you  your  aighins,"  S.B. — Moes.  G.  aigins, 

To  AIGHT,  Eght,  v.  a.  1.  To  owe  ;  to  be 
indebted.  2.  To  own  ;  to  be  the  owner  of. 
Aberd.  Synon.  A  ucht.  V.  Aigh. 

AIGLET,  s.  1.  A  tagged  point.  Gl.  Sibb. 
2.  A  jewel  in  one's  cap.  Gl.  Sibb.  Fr. 
esguilette,  id.  q.  aculeata. 

AIGRE,  adj.   Sour. 

AIK,  Ayk,  s.  The  oak,  S.  Plur.  akis,  oaks. 
Douglas. —  A.S.  ac,  aec,  Alem.,  Germ. 
eiche,  Su.G.  ek,  Isl.  eik,  quercus. 

AIKEN,  Aikin,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to 
oak  ;  oaken.     Acts  Mary. 

AIKER,  s.  The  motion,  break,  or  move- 
ment, made  in  the  water  by  a  fish  when 
swimming  rapidly.  Roxb.  Synon.  Swaic, 
Isl.  iack-a,  continue'  agitare. 

AIKERIT,  part.  adj.  Eared ;  iceil  aikert, 
having  full  ears ;  applied  to  grain,  Tweedd. 
Pron.  yaikert.     V.  Aigars. 

AIKIE-GUINEAS,  s.  A  name  given  by 
children  to  small  flat  shells,  bleached  by 
the  sea.  Mearns. 

AlKIT,  pret.     Owed.     Aberd.  Req. 

AIKRAW,  s.  Pitted  warty  lichen,  L. 
scrobiculatus.  Linn.  South  of  S.  V. 
Staneraw.     Lii/htfoot. 

AIKSNAG,  s.  The  broken  bough  of  an 
oak.     V.  Snag. 

AYLE,  s.  LA  projection  from  the  body  of 
a  church,  one  of  the  wings  of  the  tran- 
sept, S.  2.  An  enclosed  and  covered  bu- 
rial place,  adjoining  to  a  church,  though 
not  forming  part  of  it,  S.  Spalding. — 
Moes.G.  and  A.S.  alh,  templum. 

AILICKEY,  s.  The  bridegroom's  man  ;  he 
who  attends  on  the  bridegroom,  or  is  em- 
ployed as  his  messenger  at  a  wedding, 
Ang. — Su.G.  e,  marriage,  and  lackey,  Fr. 
lacquay,  a  runner. 

AILIN,  *-.     Sickness ;  ailment,  S. 



AILSIE,  s.  Abbrev.  of  the  female  name 
Alison;  as,  Ailsie  Gourlay.    Bride  Lam. 

AIN,  adj.  Own,  S.     V.  Awin. 

AINCE,Aixst,  adr.     Once.     V.  Anis. 

AINCIN,  adv.  1.  Once.  2.  Fairly;  as, 
"  He'll  ride  very  weel,  gin  be  were 
aincin  to  the  road,"  i.  e.  fairly  set  a- 
going.    Ettr.  For. 

AYND,  Ex\D,  s.  The  breath ;  also  written 
end;  A.Bor.  Yane,  id.  Barbour.  Isl. 
Su.G.  ande,  A.S.  ond,  halitus,  spiritus. 

To  AYND,  Ainde,  Eand,  t.  n.  1 .  To  draw 
in  and  throw  out  the  air  by  the  lungs.  2. 
To  expire,  without  including  the  idea  of 
inspiration ;  to  breathe  upon.  Abp.  Ham- 
iltoun.  3.  To  blow  upon,  as  denoting  the 
action  of  the  air.  Bel/enden. — Isl.  and-a, 
Su.G.  and-as,  respirare. 

AYNDING,  s.   The  act  of  breathing.  Doug. 

A  YNDING-STEDE,^.  A  breathing-place. 

AYNDLESSE,  adj.  Breathless,  out  of 
breath.     Barbour. 

AINLIE,  adj.  Familiar;  not  estranged. 
Selkirks.     Syn.  Innerly. 

AINS,  adv.    Once.    V.  Axis. 

AINSELL,  s.     Own  self;  used  as  a  s.,  S. 

AY  QUHAIR,  adr.  Wheresoever.  Acts 
Ja.  I.     A.S.  ahicar,  ubicunque. 

AIR,  s.  Expl.  "  hair,  used  for  a  thing  of 
no  value."  Bannatyne  Poems. — Isl.  aar, 
the  smallest  thing  imaginable. 

To  AIR.  To  taste ;  to  take  a  small  quan- 
tity.   Orkn. 

AIR,  s.     A  sand-bank.   Orkn.  Shetl. 

AIR,  Ayr,  Ar,  Are,  adr.  1.  Before  ; 
formerly.  Wallace.  2.  Early.  Fell  air, 
very  early  in  the  morning.  Airer,  corn- 
par.  ;  airest,  superl.  Wyntown.  Are 
morrow,  early  in  the  morning.  Dour/las. 
— Moes.G.  air,  A.S.  aer,  Alem.  er,  Belg. 
eer,  ante,  prius  ;  also  tempus  matuti- 

AIR,  adj.     Early,  S.    Journ.  Lond. 

AIR,  Aire,  Ayr,  Ayre,  Ar,s.  An  oar;  still 
used,  S.B.  Wallace. — A.S.  Alem.  are, 
Isl.  aar,  Dan.  aere,  Su.G.  ara. 

AIR,  Aire,  Ayr,  s.  An  heir.  Barbour. — 
Moes.G.  arbi,  Su.G.  arf,  Lat.  haeres,  id. 

AIR,  Ayre,  Ayr,  s.  An  itinerant  court 
of  justice;  E.  Eyre.    Lat.  iter,  O.Fr.  eire. 

AIRC1I,  Airgh,  (gutt.)  adv.  Scarcely ; 
scantly;  as,  "That  meat's  airch  dune." 
Loth. — A.S.  earh,  earhlice,  remisse. 

AIRCH,  Arch,  «.  An  aim.    Aberd.    Roxb. 

To  AIRCH,  (pron.  Airtsh)  r.  n.  To  take 
aim ;  to  throw  or  let  fly  any  missile  wea- 
pon with  design  to  hit  a  particular  ob- 
ject. Roxb.  Aberdeens.  It  is  not  con- 
fined to  shooting  with  a  bow,  though,  per- 
haps derived  from  Archer,  E.  a  bowman, 
a  marksman. 
ARCHER,  g.    A  marksman.  Aberd. 

AIREL,  s.  An  old  name  for  a  flute,  or  a 
reed  pipe,  or  other  wind  instrument. 

AIRGH,  adj.     Hollow ;    and   used   when 


anything  is  wanting  to  make  up  the  level 
Ettr.  For. — A.S.  earh,  earhlice,  remisse 
V.  Ergh,  Argh,  v. 

To  AIRGH,  v.  n.  To  hesitate  ;  to  be  reluc- 
tant, S.     Wint.  Er.  Tales. 

AIR-YESTERDAY,  s.  The  day  before 
yesterday.    Banffs.   V.  Here-yesterday. 

AIR-YESTREEN,  s.  The  night  before 
last.    Gallowav.     V.  as  above. 

AIRISH,  adj.     Chilly,  S. 

AIRN,  s.  Iron,  S.  Aims,  pi.  fetters— Isl. 
kirn,  Su.G.  iern.     V.  Irne. 

To  AIRN,  v.  a.  To  smooth ;  to  dress  with 
an  iron.    Airn'd,  ironed. 

AIRNESS,  s.     The  state  of  being  early,  S. 

AIRNS,  s.  pi.     Fetters,  S.    V.  Irne. 

AYRSCH1P,  s.  Inheritance,  S.  Acts  Ja. 
III.     Sw.  arfskap,  id. 

AIRT,  Art,  Arth,  Airth,  s.  1.  Quarter 
of  the  heaven  ;  point  of  the  compass,  S. 
Douglas.  2.  A  particular  quarter  of  the 
earth.  Wallace.  3.  On  every  art,  on 
every  hand,  on  all  sides.  Douglas. — Gael. 
aird,  a  cardinal  point;  Germ.  ort,vart; 
Belg.  oorde,  a  place  or  quarter;  Isl. vart, 
Moes.G.  wairths,  versus,  towards. 

To  AIRT,  Art,  Ert,  v.  a.  1.  To  direct; 
to  mark  out  a  certain  course;  used  with 
respect  to  the  wind,  as  blowing  from  a 
particular  quarter,  S.  Law  Case.  2.  To 
give  direction  or  instruction,  in  order  to 
find  out  a  certain  person  or  place,  or  any 
other  object,  S.     Sir  J.  Sinclair. 

To  AIRT  on,  v.  a.  To  urge  forward, 
pointing  out  the  proper  course.  David- 

To  AIRT  out.  To  discover  after  diligent 
search;  as,  "  I  airtit  him  out." 

AIRT  and  PART.     V.  Art. 

AYSYAMENT,  s.    V.  Aisment. 

AISLAIR,  adj.  Polished;  applied  to  free- 
stone finely  wrought.     Abp.  Hamiltoun. 

AISLAR-BANK,  s.  Rocky  bank,  like 
ashlar  work.    Roxb. 

AISMENT,  Aysyamext,  s.  Used  in  the 
same  sense  with  E.  easement,  as  denoting 
assistance,  accommodation.—  Fr. aiseme  nt, 
commodum.     Stat.  Robert  I. 

AIT,  s.  A  custom ;  a  habit ;  especially  a 
bad  one.    Mearns.- — Isl.  aede,  aedi,  id. 

AIT,  Oat,  or  Oaten;  for  it  may  be  viewed 
either  as  a  s.  in  a  state  of  construction,  or 
as  an  adj.     V.  Aits.    Douglas. 

AITEN,  s.  A  partridge.  Perhaps  ait-hen., 
the  fowl  that  feeds  among  the  oats. 

AITEN,  adj.     Oaten,  S.     Ritson. 

AIT-FARLE,  s.  A  cake  of  oat-bread.  V. 

AITH,  or  AIFTLAND,  s.  That  kind  of 
land  called  infield,  which  is  made  to  carry 
oats  a  second  time  after  barley,  and  has 
received  no  dung.  Ang. — Perhaps  from 
A.S.  aej't,  iterum. 
AITH,  Aythe,  j.  An  oath.  V.  Athe. 
AITH-HENNES,  s.  pi.  Apparently,  heath- 
liens,  as  being  bred  on  the  heath.     Skene. 


AITLIFFCRAP,  s.  In  the  old  husbandry, 
the  crop  after  bear  or  barley.  Ayrs.  V. 

AITS,  s.  2^-  Oats,  S.  Wild  aits,  bearded 
oat-grass,  S.  Avena  fatua,  Linn. — A.S. 
ata,  ate,  avena. 

AITSEED,  s.  1.  Oat-sowing.  2.  Season 
of  oat-sowing.  Acts  Ja.  VI.  V.  Bear- 

AIVER,  s.  A  he-goat,  after  he  has  been 
gelded.  Till  then  he  is  denominated  a 

AIVERIE,  adj.  Very  hungry.  Roxb. 
nearly  obsolete.     V.  Yevery. 

AIXMAN,  s.  A  hewer  of  wood.  Sutherl. 
One  who  carries  a  battle-axe.    Pitscottie. 

AIX-TRE,  s.    An  axletree,  S.    V.  Ax-tree. 

AIZLE,  g.    A  hot  ember.    V.  Eizel. 

AKYN,  adj.    Oaken.    Douglas. 

ALAGUST,  8.    Suspicion.    V.  Allagust. 

ALAIGH,  adv.  Below,  in  respect  of  situa- 
tion, as  compared  with  another  place. 
Selkirks.    From  on  and  laigh,  low. 

ALAIS,  s.  pi.    Alleys.     Wallace. 

ALAK,  Wallace.    V.  Lak. 

ALAKANEE,  interj.   Alas.   Ayrs.   Picken. 

ALAMONTI,  Allamotti,  s.  The  storm 
finch,  a  fowl.  Procellaria  pelagica,  Linn. 
Orkn.  The  same  with  the  Assilag  of  St. 
Hilda.  Allamotti  is  the  proper  pronun- 
ciation. Neill, —  Ital.  ala,  a  wing,  and 
nioto,  motion. 

ALANE,  Allane,  adj.  Alone,  S.  Wyn- 
town.— Alem.  alain,  Germ,  allein,  alone  ; 
from  all,  omnis,  and  ain,  ein,  unus. 

ALANERLIE,adi\  V.  Allanerly. 

ALANG,  Alangs,  prep.  Along.  Su.G. 
laangs,  id. 

ALAREIT.    V.  Lareit. 

ALARS.  Alars  get,  apparently,  the  gate 
overspread  with  alder.  Palice  Hon. 
— A.S.  air,  Alem.  ellra,  the  alder ; 
Su.G.  alar,  of  or  belonging  to  the  alder- 

ALASTER,  Alister,  s.  Abbreviation  of 
the  name  Alexander.  Spalding,  Jacobite 

ALAYOLEE,adc.     At  random.     V.Alla- 


ALA  WE,  adv.  Downward;  below.  V.  Law, 

ALBLASTRIE,  s.  Apparently,  the  exer- 
cise of  the  cross-bow.     V.  Awblaster. 

ALBUIST,co?y.  Though;  albeit.  Ang.  Ross. 

ALCOMYE,  s.  Latten,  a  kind  of  mixed 
metal  still  used  for  spoons.  Hence,  Ac- 
comie  s/mnes,  spoons  made  of  alchymy, 
S.B.  V.  Lattoun.  Douglas. — From  Fr. 
alquemie,  or  O.E.  alchymy. 

ALD,  Alde,  Auld,  adj.  1.  Old,  S.  Yorks. 
O.E.  aid,  id.  Wyntown.  2.  What  is  deem- 
ed unreasonable ;  as,  "  Here's  an  avid 
wark  about  naething." — A.S.  eald,  Alem. 
alt,  vetus  ;  derived  from  A.S.  eald-ian, 
to  remain,  to  stay,  to  last,  Alem.  alten,  to 


"  Auld  to  do  ;"  a  great  fuss  or  pother. 

Auld  sairs.  The  renewing  of  old  party 
quarrels  is  called  "  the  ripping  up  o' 
auld  sairs,"  i.  e.  old  sores. 

ALDAY,  adv.  In  continuation.  Teut. 
alle-dage,  quotidie. 

ALDERMAN,  s.  Old  term  for  a  mayor  in 
S.  burghs.    Pinkerton. 

ALEDE,  s.  A  rule.  Ich  alede,  each  rule. 
Sir  Tristrem. — A.S.  alaed-an,  to  lead. 

To  ALEGE,  r.  a.  To  absolve  from  alle- 
giance.— Fr.alleg-er,  id.     Wyntown. 

ALENTH,  adv.     On   length  ;  far  length. 

1.  To  come  alenth,  to  arrive  at  maturity. 

2.  To  gaefar  alenth,  to  go  great  lengths. 

3.  To  be  far  alenth,  to  be  far  advanced, 
to  make  great  progress,  S.B. 

ALERON.     Meaning  doubtful. 

ALEUIN,  adj.  Eleven.     Complaynt  S. 

ALGAIT,  Algate,  Algatis,  adv.  1.  Every 
way.  2.  At  all  events ;  by  all  means. 
Douglas. — O.E.  all  gate,  R.  Brunne  ;  all 
gates,  Chaucer.  From  all,  and  gait,  or 
gatis,  i.  e.  all  ways. 

ALHALE,  Alhalely,  adv.  Wholly  ;  en- 
tirely. Douglas.  From  all,  and  hale,  hail, 

ALYA,  Allia,  Allya,  Allay,  s.  1.  Alli- 
ance. Wallace.  2.  Anally.  Acts  J  a.  VI. 
3.  Sometimes  used  as  a  plural  noun,  sig- 
nifying allies.  Bellenden.—Fr.  cdlie,  with 
a  Saxon  termination. 

ALI A  Y,  Allya,  s.    Alliance.    Acts  Ja.  I V. 

ALYAND,  part.  pr._  Keeping  close  toge- 


rallace. — Fr.  alU-er,  to  join,  to 

To  ALYCHT,  v.  a,  To  enlighten.  Douglas. 
— A.S.  alyht-an,  illuminare  ;  alyht-nysse. 

ALIE,  s.  Abbrev.  of  a  man's  name  ;  also 
of  Alison;  at  times  Elie. 

To  ALIE,  v.  a.  To  cherish;  to  nurse;  to 
pettle.     Shetl.— Isl.  cd-a,  alere. 

ALIEN  ARE,  s.  A  stranger.  Douglas. — Lat. 

ALIMENT,  s.  The  fund  for  maintenance 
which  the  law  allows  to  certain  persons, 
S.  Ersk.  Inst. 

To  ALIMENT,  v.  a.  To  give  a  legal  sup- 
port to  another.     Bell's  Law  Diet. 

ALISON,  s.  A  shoemaker's  awl.  Shetl. 
V.  Elsyn. 

AL1ST.  To  come  alist.  To  recover  from 
faintness  or  decay,  applied  both  to  ani- 
mals and  vegetables  ;  to  recover  from  a 
swoon,  S.B.  Ross. — Isl.  lios,  light ;  aliost, 
the  dawn  of  day  ;  at  koma  iliosi,  to  make 

ALYTE,  adv.  A  little.  V.  Lite.  Lynd- 

ALL,  interj.  Ah ;  alas.  Poems  Sixteenth 

ALL,  at  all,  adv.    On  the  whole.    Dour/las. 

ALLAGRUGOUS,  adj.  Grim,  ghastly,  S.B. 
Journ.  Lond. — Perhaps  from  all,  Moes.G. 
alia,  and  gruous,  ghastly,  q.v. 



ALLAGUST,s.  1.  Suspicion.  Journ.Lond. 

2.  Disgust.      Gl.  Shirr.— Ft.  a  le  goust, 
has  a  taste  or  smack. 
To  ALL AYA,  v.  a.  To  ally.    Complaynt  S. 

— Fr.  alli-er,  id. 
ALLAKEY,  s.     An  attending  servant;  a 

lackey.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 
ALLANERLY,    Alanerlie,  adj.      Sole; 

only.     Bellenden. 
ALLANERLIE,    Alanerly,    Allenarly, 
adv.  Only  ;    solely,   S. — From   all,  and 
anerly,  only.  Ret].  Maj.     Pitscottie. 
ALL  A'NYS,  adv.'   Together ;  in  a  state  of 
union.       Wallace. — From  all,  A.S.  eall, 
and  anes,  the  genit.  of  an,  unus,  q.  all  of 
ALLAR,  Aller,  s.      The  alder,  a  tree,  S. 

ALLARIS,  Alleris.  Common  ;  universal, 
an  old  genitive  used  adjectively. — O.E. 
alre,id.  Wyntown—  A.S.  allera,  genit. 
pi.  of  all,  omnis.  Belg.  aller,  id.  V. 
ALLA-VOLIE,    Alle-Volie,     adv.       At 

random,  S.— Fr.  a  la  volee.      Philotus. 
ALLA-VOLIE,    Alle-Volie,    adj.      Gid- 
dy ;  volatile  ;  "  An  alle-volie   chield,"  a 
volatile  fellow,  S. 
To  ALLEGE,  v.  n.     To  advise ;  to  counsel. 
Bellenden. — L.B.  cdleg-are,  mandatis  in- 
To  ALLEGE,  v.  a.  To  confirm.— L.B. alleg- 
are,  ligare. 
ALLEGIANCE,  Allegeance,  s.     Allega- 
tion.    Act.  Audit. 
ALLEIN,    adj.     Alone,   S.B.    Germ.  id. 

V.  Alane. 
To  ALLEMAND,  v.  a.     To  conduct  in  a 
formal  and  courtly  style.    Ayrs.   Ann.  of 
the  Par. 
ALLE-MEN,    adj.      Common  ;  universal. 
Popul.  Ball.— Su.G.  all-maen,  communis, 
Teut.  alle-man,  omnis  homo,  al-ghemeyn, 
ALLER, adv.  Wholly;  entirely;  altogether. 
Aller-hale,  a  pleonasm.     Barbour. — O.E. 
alder,  id.  often  prefixed  to  a  superlative. 
V.  Allaris. 
ALLERIS,  s.  pi.   The  same  with  Allaris. 

ALLERISH,  adj.     Chilly  ;  rather  cold  ;  as 
"  an  allerish  morning,"  a  snell  morning. 
Teviotd.     V.  Elrische,  sense  6. 
ALLEVIN,  part.  pa.    Allowed  ;  admitted. 
Bannatyne  Poems.— A.S.  alef-an,  conce- 
dere,  permittere—  Su.G.  lofw-a,  Moes.G. 
laub-jan,  id. 
ALLIA.     V.  Alya. 

ALLYNS,  adv.  1.  Altogether  ;  thoroughly. 
Gawan  and  Gol.  2.  More  willingly  ; 
rather.  Selkirks. — Su.G.  alleingis,  al- 
laengis,  A.S.  allinga,  eallenga,  omnino, 
ALLISTER,  adj.  Sane  ;  in  one's  right 
mind,  Teviotd.  Perhaps  allied  to  Alist, 
q.  v. 


ALLKYN,  Alkin,  adj.  All  kind  of,  Aw 
kin  kind,  S.B.  Douglas.— A.S.  eall-cyn, 
omnigenus.  V.  Kin. 
To  ALLOCATE,  v.  a,  To  apportion  the 
sums  due  by  each  landholder  in  an  aug- 
mentation of  a  minister's  stipend,  S. 
Synon.  to  Local.  Ersk.  Inst. 
ALLOVER,  prep.     Over  and  above.     Cul- 

loden  Papers. 
ALL  OUT,  adv.     In  a  great  degree  ;  be- 
yond comparison.     Barbour. 
To  ALLOW,  v.  a.    1.  To  approve  of,  gener- 
ally with  the  prep,  of  subjoined.  Bollock. 
2.  To  praise,  to  commend.     Douglas. — 
Fr.   allou-er,  to  approve,   Su.G.   lofw-a, 
ALLOWANCE,  s.    Approbation.    Bollock. 
ALLOWSS,  v.  a.   To  loose ;  to  release  from. 

Aberd.  Reg. — A.S.  alys-an,  liberare. 
ALLPUISTJ    Apiest,   Apiece,  conj.     Al- 
though, S.B.    abies.  Loth.  Journ.  Lond. 
Perhaps  corr.  from  albeit. 
ALLRYN,  adj.     Constantly,  progressive, 
applied  to  time.      Barbour.  —  A.S.   all, 
omnis,    and    rinn-an,   currere,  to    flow, 
to  run. 
ALLSTRYNE,     Allstrene,    adj.       An- 
cient.    Maitland  Poems. — A.S.  aid,  old, 
and  strynd,  generation,  or  stryn-an,  to 
ALLTHOCHTE,  conj.     Although.     Dou- 
glas.—A.S.  cdl,  all,  and  thohte,  part.  pa.  q. 
"everything  thought   of,  or   taken  into 
consideration."  V.  Thocht. 
ALLUTERLIE,  Alutterly,  adv.  Wholly; 
entirely.  Douglas. — A.S.  all,  omnis,  and 
uter,  utter,  exterior,  from  ut,  extra. 
ALL-WEILDAND,  adj.      All-governing. 
Wcdlace. — A.S.  all,  ail,  and  weald-an,  to 
govern  ;  Franc,  cdluualt,  Isl.  all-valdur, 
ALMAIN,  s.  The  German  language.  O.Fr. 

Aleman,  Alleman,  id.    Cotgr. 
ALMANIE    WHISTLE,  a  flageolet  of  a 
very  small  size,  used  by  children.    Aberd. 
Thus   denominated,  because  whistles  of 
this  kind  were  originally  imported  from 
Almanie,i.  e.  Germany. 
ALMARK,  s.    A  beast  accustomed  to  break 
fences.  Shetl.  Perhaps  one  that  overleaps 
all  marks  or  boundaries. 
ALMASER,   Almoseir,  s.      An  almoner, 
or  dispenser  of  alms.      Dunbar. — From 
Almous,  alms. 
ALMERIE,     Almorie,  s.       Anciently    a 
place  where  ahns  were  deposited  or  dis- 
tributed ;  in  latter  times  used  to  denote 
a  press  or  cupboard,  where  utensils  for 
housekeeping  are  laid  up  ;  the  same  with 
E.    ambry.     Dunbar.  —  O.E.  almery,   a 
place   to   put   meat   in  ;   O.Fr.   almoire, 
aumaire ;    A.S.    almerige,    repositorium, 
ALMONS,  Almonis,  s.     Alms.     Balfour's 

Pract. — O.Fr.  aulmosne,  id. 
ALMOUS,   Almows,   Aumis,  s.    Alms,  S. 

ALiM  1 

Almesse,  O.Ij.  Wyntown.  So  late  as  the 
reign  of  James  IV.  licenses  were  granted 
by  the  several  universities  to  some  poor 
students  to  go  through  the  country  beg- 
ging, in  the  same  manner  as  the  poor 
scholars  belonging  to  the  Church  of  Rome 
do  to  this  day  in  Ireland.  Among  those 
designated  "  ydill  and  Strang  beggaris," 
are  reckoned — "  all  vagaboundis  scollaris 
of  the  vniuersiteis  of  Sanctandrois,  Glas- 
gow, and  Abirdene,  not  Ueendt  be  the 
rector  and  dene  of  facultie  of  the  vniuer- 
sitie  to  ask  almous."  Acts  Ja.  VI.  1574, 
Ed.  1814,  p.  87. —  A.S.  almes,  almesse; 
Sw.  almosa  ;  Gr.  iXei^tMrvvoc. 

ALMOUSSER,*.    Almoner.    Acts  Ja.  VI. 

ALMOWR,  s.  Almoner.  Mem.  of  Dr. 

ALOFT,  adv.  Equivalent  to  up,  as  refer- 
ring to  a  state  of  warfare.  Ghithry's 

A  LOUS,  v.  a.  To  release.  Aberd,  Be;). 
V.  Allows. 

ALOW,  prep,  and  adr.  Below.  Ettr. 

A-LOW,  adr.  On  fire  ;  in  a  blazing  state, 
S.  The  Pirate. 

To  Gang  A-low,  to  take  fire  ;  or  to  be  set 
on  fire,  S.     Tennant's  Card.  Beaton. 

ALOWER,  Alowir,  adv.  All  over.  Coll. 

ALPE,  .<.  An  elephant.  Alpes  bon,  ivory. 
Gl.  Complaynt  S. — A.S.  elp,  Lat.  elej  h-as; 
Heb.  a/aph,  bos. 

ALQUHARE,  All  Quhare,  adv.  Every- 
where. Douglas. — From  all,  and  quhare, 

ALRY,  adj.  For  its  different  senses,  V. 

ALRYNE,  8.  Apparently  a  watch-tower, 
or  the  highest  part  of  a  castle.  Maitland 
Poems. — Su.G.  hall-a,  defendere,  Kattare, 
praesidium,  hallarena,  watchmen. 

ALS,  conj.  As  ;  generally  employed  in  the 
first  part  of  a  comparison  ;  "  A  Is  fers  as  a 
lyoun,"  i.  e.  "  As  fierce  as  a  lion."  Wal- 
lace. — From  A.S.  ealles,  omnino  ;  or  eaU 
swa,  ita,  tam. 

ALS,  Alse,  adv.  Also;  in  the  same  manner. 
V.  Sua,  Alsua.  Barbour. — A.S.  eall  swa, 

ALSAME,  Alsamen,  adv.  Altogether. 
Douglas. — From  A.S.  eall)  all,  and  same, 
together.     Alem.  alsamen,  simul. 

ALSHINDER,  s.  Alexanders,  a  plant,  S. 
Smyrnium  olusatrum,  Linn. 

ALSMEKLE,  adv.  As  much.  Acts  Ja.  I. 
— From  als,  and  mekle,  much,  great. 

ALSONE,  adv.  As  soon,  with  as  subjoined. 
Barbour. — Properly  als,  as,and  sone,  soon, 
A.S.  eall  swa  sona. 

ALSSAFER,  adv.    In  as  far.    Aberd.  Beg. 

ALSUA,  adv.  Also.  Barbour. — A.S.  alswa, 
id.    V.  Als,  adv. 

ALSWYTH,  adv.  Forthwith.  Barbour.— 
From  all,  and  swith,  quickly,  q.  v. 


ALUNT,  adv.  A-blaze;  in  a  blazing  state. 

To  set  Aluxt.  1.  To  put  in  a  blaze.  2. 
Metaph.  to  kindle;  to  make  to  blaze,  S. 

ALUTTERLY,  adv.   V.  Alluterlie. 

ALWAIES,  Alwayis,  conj.  Although ; 
notwithstanding;  however.     Bellenden, 

AMAILLE,  s.  Enamel.  King's  Quair. — 
O.E.  ammel,  id.  Fr.  Belg.  email,  Dan. 
arnel;  Teut.  mad-en  pingere,  A.S.  mael, 

AMA1ST,  adv.  Almost,  S.  ameast,  West- 
morel.  Boss. — A.S.  ealmaest,  Belg.  al- 
meest,  id. 

AMALYEIT,  part.  pa.     Enamelled. 

AMANG,  Amangis,  prep.  1.  Among  ; 
among,  S.  Westmorel.  Wyntown.  '2. 
At  intervals,  occasionally.  Barbour. — 
A.S.  meng-an,  Su.G.  maeng-a,  Isl.  meng-a, 
to  mix,  to  blend. 

AMANG  HANDS,  adv.  In  the  meantime. 
S.O.     The  Entail. 

AMANISS,  prep.  Among,  for  amangis. 
Act.  Audit. 

AMBASSATE,  Ambassiat,  s.  1.  An  em- 
bassy, as  denoting  the  persons  sent  consi- 
dered collectively.  Douglas.  2.  Also  used 
for  a  single  person. — Fr.  ambassade,  id. 

AMBAXAT,  a.  Embassy.  Act.  Dom,  Cone. 
V.  Ambassate. 

AMBRY,  Amry,  s.  A  press  in  which  the 
provision  for  the  daily  use  of  a  family  in 
the  country  is  locked  up,  S.  Spalding. 
V.  Almerie. 

AMBUTIOUN,  s.     Ambition.     Bellenden. 

To  AMEISE,  Amese,  Ameyss,  v.  a.  To 
mitigate ;  to  appease.  Barbour. — Franc, 
m  zz-an,  Germ,  mass-en,  moderari,  miti- 
gare;  C.B.  masw,  soft. 

AMEITTIS,s./^.  Amelt  denotes  the  amice, 
the  first  or  undermost  part  of  a  priest's 
habit,  over  which  he  wears  the  alb. — Fr. 
amict,  L.B.  amict-us,  amice. 

AMEL,  s.     Enamel.     Hogg.     V.  Amaille. 

AMENE,  adj. '  Pleasant.  Douglas.— Lat. 
amoen-us,  id. 

AMERAND,  adj.  Green ;  verdant ;  pro- 
bably written  ameraud.  Douglas. — 
From  the  colour  of  the  emerald,  Fr.  eme- 

To  AMERCI AT,  v.  a.  To  fine ;  to  amerce. 
Acts  Cha.  I. — Lat.  part,  amerciat-us. 

AMERIS,  Aumers,  s.  pi.  Embers  ;  aumers, 
S.B.  Douglas. — A.S.  aemyria,  Belg. 
ameren,  Isl.  ebnyrla,  favilla,  a  hot  ember, 
white  ashes. 

AMYDWART,  prep.  In  or  toward  the 
midst  of.     Douglas. 

AMYRALE,  Amyrall,  s.  An  admiral. 
Wyntown. — Fr.  amiral;  Arab,  amir,  a 
lord,  ameer  al  omrah,  prince  of  the  princes. 

To  AMIT,  r.  a.     To  admit.     Wallace. 

AMITAN,  s.  A  fool,  or  mad  person,  male 
or  female;  one  yielding  to  excess  of  anger. 
Dumfr. — C.B.  ameth  denotes  a  failure. 

AMITE,  s.     An  ornament  which  Roman 




Catholic  canons  or  priests  wear  on  their 
arms  when  they  say  mass.     Hay's  Scotia 
Sacra. —  O.E.  amess,  amice,  amid,  id.    V. 
AMMELYT,  part.  pa.     Enamelled.     Dou- 
glas.—Fr.  emaill-er,  L.B.  amayl-are,  id. 
To  AMMONYSS,  v.  a.     To  admonish  ;  to 
counsel ;  to  exhort.    V.  Monesting.  Bar- 
AMOREIDIS,  s.  pi.     Emeralds.     Coll.  In- 

AMORETTIS,  s.  pi.  Love-knots ;  garlands. 
King's  Quair.—Fr.amourettes,love-tricks. 
dalliances.  Cotgr. 
To  AMOVE,  Aiiow,  r.  a.     To  move  with 
anger,  to  vex,  to  excite.     Wyntown. — Fr. 
emouv-oir,  id. 
AMOUR,  s.    Love.    Douglas.— Ft.  id.  Lat. 

AMPLEFEYST,  g.  LA  sulky  humour  ; 
a  term  applied  both  to  man  and  beast. 
2.  A  fit  of  spleen.  3.  Unnecessary  talk, 
perhaps  showing  a  discontented  disposi- 
tion. It  is  sometimes  pronounced  Wim- 
plefeyst.  Roxb.  Loth.  If  wimplefeyst  is 
the  original  form,  it  might  be  trace'd  to 
Isl.  wambilt,  abdomen,  and  fys,  flatus, 
peditus,  from  fys-a,  pedere. 
AMPLIACIOUN,  s.     Enlargement. .  Bel- 

fenden. — Fr.  ampliation,  id. 
AMPTMAN,  s.     The  governor  of  a  fort. 
Monro's  Exped.—D&n.  ambt-mand,  senes- 
chal,  castellan,  constable,  keeper   of  a 
castle.     From  Dan.  ambd,  an  office. 
AMRY,s.    A  sort  of  cupboard.   V.  Aumrie. 
AMSCHACH,  g.    A  misfortune,  S.B.  Ross. 
Ir.  and  Gael,  anshogh,  adversity,  misery. 
AMSHACK,s.    Noose;  fastening;" probably 
the  same  with  Ham-shackel,  q.  v.     Gl. 
To  AMUFF,   r.  a.     To  move ;  to  excite. 

Acts  Ja.  I.     V.  Amove. 
AN,  And,  conj.     1.  If,  S.    "If,  and  An, 
spoils  monyagude  charter,"  S.  Prov.  Bar- 
bour.    2.  Sometimes  used  as  equivalent 
to  E.  although.   W.  Guthrie.— Su.G.  aen, 
si,  et;  Isl.  end,  id. 
To  AN,  v.  a.     1.  To  appropriate,  to  allot  as 
one's  own.    Sir  Tristrem.    2.  To  owe,  to 
be  indebted  to.   lb.— Su.G.  egn-a,  propri- 
um  facere,from  e</e»,proprius;  A.S.  agni- 
an,  possidere,  from  agen,  proprius. 
ANA,  Anay,  s.     A  river-island ;   a   holm. 

Roxb.     Of  doubtful  origin. 
To  ANALIE,  v.  a.   To  dispone ;  to  alienate ; 
a  juridical  term.    Beg.  Ma/.    By  trans- 
position from  Lat.  alien-are! 
ANALIER,  g.   One  who  alienates  property, 
by  transporting  it   to   another  country. 
Lat.  alien-ator.     Stat.  Bob.  I. 
To  ANAME,  v.  a.     To  call  over  names,  to 

muster.      Wyntown. 
ANARLIE,  adv.     Only  ;   the  same   with 

Anerly,q.  v.     Acts  Ja.  V. 
To  ANARME,  Annarme,  ».  a.     To  arm. 
Acts  Ja.  I. 

ANCHOR-STOCK,  s.  A  loaf  made  of  rye ; 
the  same  with  Anker-stock.  Blackw. 

ANCIETY,  Ancietie,  s.  Antiquity.  Acts 
Cha.  II.     V.  Auncietie. 

ANCLETH,  Hancleth,  s.  The  ancle.  Gl. 

AND,  conj.    If.    V.An. 

AND  A',  An  a',  adv.  In  S.  this  signifies, 
not  everything,  but,  "in  addition  to  what 
has  been  already  mentioned  ;"  also  ;  be- 
sides ;  as, 

"  A  villain  cam'  when  I  was  sleeping, 
Sta'  my  ewie,  horn  and  a'." 

Skinner's  Ewie  ivi'  the  Crooked  Horn. 

ANDERMESS,  s.  V.  Andyr's  day. 
ANDYR'S-DAY,  Androis  Mess,  Ander- 
mess,  s.  The  day  dedicated  to  St.  An- 
drew, the  Patron  Saint  of  Scotland  ; 
the  30th  November.  Jamieson's  Pop. 
ANDLET,  g.     A  very  small  ring  ;  a  mail. — 

Fr.  annelet. 
ANDLOCIS.  Perhaps  necklaces,  bracelets, 

or  ornaments  generally. 
ANDREW,  (The  St.)  A  designation  occa- 
sionally given  to  the  Scottish  gold  coin, 
more  properly  called  the  Lyon.  "  The 
St.  Andrew  of  Robert  II.  weighs  gener- 
ally 38  gr.,  that  of  Robert  III.  60  gr., 
and  the  St.  Andrew  or  Lion  of  James  II. 
48  gr.  This  continued  the  only  device 
till  James  III.  introduced  the  Unicorn 
holding  the  shield."  Cardonnel's  Num- 

ANDRIMESS-EWIN,  s.  The  vigil  of  St. 
Andrew  ;  the  evening  before  St.  Andrew's 
Day.   Chart,  Aberbroth. 

ANE,  ad/.  One,  S.  Barbour.— Moes.G.  ain; 
A.S.  an,ane ;  anc.  Su.G.  an ;  mod.  Su.G. 
en  ;  Isl.  Germ,  ein ;  Belg.  een,  id. 

ANE,  article,  signifying  one,  but  with  less 
emphasis.     Barbour. 

To  ANE,  v.  n.  To  agree;  to  accord.  Pret. 
anyd.  Wyntown. — Germ,  ein-en,  concor- 
dare,  convenire;  Su.G.  en-a,  firmiter  ali- 
quid  proponere;  Isl.  eining,  unio;  Su.G. 
enig ;  Germ,  einig,  concors. 

ANEAB1L,  s.  A  single  woman  ;  properly 
one  who  is  used  as  a  concubine.  Beg. 
Maj. — O.Fr.  anable,  habile,  capable,  con- 
venable,from  L.B.  inhoMl-is,Yalde  habilis. 
Gl,  Roquefort. 

ANEDING,  g.  Breathing.  V.  Aynd,  v. 

ANEFALD,  adj.  Honest;  acting  a  faithful 
part;  the  same  with  Afald.     Douglas. 

ANEIST,  Aniest,  Anist,  prep,  and  adr. 
Next  to.  Ayrs.  Roxb.  Herd's  Coll.  V. 

ANELYD,  part.  pa.  Aspired  ;  literally, 
panted  for.  Wyntown. — Fr.  anhel-er,  to 
aspire  after;  Lat.  anhel-are,  L.B.  anel-are. 

ANELIE,  adj.     Sole;  only.     Acts  Ja.  V. 

ANELIE,  adr.    Only  ;  solely.     R.Bruce. 



ANE  MAE.  One  more.  V.  At  axe  mae 

ANENS,  Anenst,  Anent,  Anentis,  prep. 
1.  Over  against  ;  opposite  to,  S.  Bar- 
bour. 2.  Concerning,  about,  in  relation 
to ;  still  used  by  old  people,  S.  Acts  j 
Ja.  I.  3.  Opposed  to,  as  denoting  a  trial 
of  vigour  in  bodily  motion.  4.  In  a  state 
of  opposition  to,  in  reasoning.  Aberd. — 
Gr.  avou-n,  oppositum  ;  A.S.  ongean,  ex  ad- 
verso.     V.  Fore-anent. 

To  ANERD,  Annere.    V.  Anherd. 

ANERY.  A  term  occurring  in  a  rhyme  of 
children,  used  for  deciding  the  right  of 
beginning  a  game.  Anery,twaery,tickery, 
seven, — Aliby,  crackiby,  &c.  Blacku: 
Mag. — Teut.  rije,  rule,  order,  series. 
Anery,  perhaps  een-rije,  one  or  first  in 
order  ;  twa-rije,  second  in  order,  &c. 

ANERD ANCE*  s.  Retainers  ;  adherents. 
Act.  Lorn.  Cone.     V.  Anherdande. 

ANERLY,  ANYRLY,  adv.  Only;  alone; 
singly.  Hence  allanerly.  Barbour. — A.S. 
anre,  tantum  ;  Germ,  einer,  solus,  from 
an  and  ein,  unus. 

ANERLY,  Anerlie,  adj.  Single  ;  soli- 
tary ;  only.    G.  Buchanan. 

ANES,  adv.     Once.     V.  Anis,  Anys. 

ANES  ERRAND.  Entirely  on  purpose  ; 
with  a  sole  design  in  regard  to  the  object 
mentioned  ;  as,  to  gae,  to  come,  to  send 
anes  errand,  S.  Equivalent  to  for  the 
nonce.    V.  Ends  Errand. 

ANETH,  prep.  Beneath,  S.  Burd.  Min- 
strelsy.— A.S.  on,  in,  and  neothan,  deorsum ; 
Isl.  nedau,  Belg.  neden,  Su.G.  ned,  id. 

ANEUCH,  adr.  (gutt.)  Enough,  S.  Dunbar. 
— A.S.  genog,  genoh,  satis,  deduced  by  H. 
Tooke  from  genog-a M,multiplicare  ;perhaps 
rather  from'  Moes.G.  janoh,  multi,  many. 

ANEW,  plur.  of  Aneuch,  s.  Enow.  Wal- 
lace.    V.  Eneuch. 

ANEW,  Anyau,  adv.  and  prep.  Below  ; 
beneath.  Aberd.  From  A.S.  on,  and 
neoth.     V.  Aneth. 

ANEWIS,s./>/.  "  Budding  flowers,"  Tytler. 
King's  Quair.- — Perhaps  rings,  from  Fr. 
anneau,  annulus. 

ANGELL-HEDE,  s.  The  hooked  or  bar- 
bed head  of  an  arrow.  Wallace. — A.S., 
Dan.,  Germ,  angel,  a  hook,  an  angle ;  Teut. 
anghel,  a  sting,  O.Teut.  anghel-en,  to  sting. 

To  ANGER,  v.  n.  To  become  angry,  S. 

To  ANGER,  v.  a.  To  vex  ;  to  grieve  ;  al- 
though not  implying  the  idea  of  heat  of 
temper  or  wrath.  Lights  and  Shadows. — 
Isl.  angra,  dolore  afficere.    V.  Angir. 

ANGERSUM,atf/.  Provoking;  vexatious, S. 

ANGIR,  s.  Grief;  vexation.  Wyntown. — 
Gr.  a-yyys,  grief;  Isl.  angr,  dolor,  moeror; 
Su.G.,  Isl.  angra,  dolore  afficere,  deduced 
by  Ihre  from  aung-a,  premere,  arctare. 

ANGLE-BERRY,'. o.  A  fleshy  excrescence, 
resembling  a  large  strawberry,  often  grow- 
ing on  the  feet  of  sheep  or  cattle,  S. 


ANGUS-BORE,  s.  A  circular  hole  in  a 
panel.     V.  Auwis-Bore. 

ANGUS  DAYIS.  Meaning  doubtful.  In- 

To  ANHERD,  Anerd,  Annere,  Enherd, 
v.  n.  To  consent  ;  to  adhere.  Wyn- 
town.— A.  S.  anhraed,  anraed,  signifies 
coustans,  concors,  unanimis  ;  apparently 
from  an,  one,  and  raed,  counsel.  But  I  find 
O.Fr.  enherdance  rendered  by  Roquefort, 
adherence,  attachment.  Lat.  inhaerere, 
to  cleave,  or  stick  fast  in,  or  to,  is  therefore 
the  more  probable  origin. 

ANHERDANDE,  Anherden,s.  A  retainer; 
an  adherent.     Act.  Audit. 

KKYT>,2>ret.     Agreed.     V.  Ane,  r. 

ANIE,  8.  A  little  one.  Kinross.  Dimin. 
of  S.  ane,  one. 

ANIEST,  adr.  or  prep.  On  this  side  of. 
Ayrs. ;  q.  "  on  the  nearest  side."  This  is 
opposed  to  Adist,  adiest,  on  that  side. 
A.S.  on  neawiste,  in  viciuia,  prope  ad  ;  or 
on  and  neahst,  proximus,  from  neah,  near, 
E.  nigh. 

AN  YING,  s.  Perhaps  the  right  of  making 
hay  on  commons  ;  from  Su.G.  ann,  foeni- 
secium,  haymaking  time.   V.  Roich. 

AN1MOSITIE,s.  Firmness  of  mind;  hardi- 
hood. Pitscottie. — Fr.  animosite,  firmness, 
courage,  resolution.    Cotgr. 

ANYNG,  s.  Agreement ;  concord.  Wyn- 

ANIS,  Anys,  Anes,  A  ins,  adv.  Once  ; 
pron.  as  ainze,  or  yince,  S.  eenze,  S.B. 
Douglas.  The  genit.  of  A.S.  an,  unus, 
one,  anes,  unius,  also  rendered  semel,  q. 
actio  unius  temporis. 

ANIS,  Annis,  s.  pi.  1.  Asses.  Chron. 
S.P.  2.  Metaphor,  used  for  foolish  fel- 
lows. Bannatyne  P. — Fr.  asne,  Lat.  asi- 
nus;  Su.G.  asna,  Isl.  esne,  an  ass. 

ANYS,  the  genit.  of  Ane,  one.     V.  Anis. 

ANKERLY,  «^r.  Unwillingly.  Selkirks. 
— Teut.  engher,  exactio,,&c. 

ANKER-SAIDELL,  Hankersaidle,  s.  A 
hermit ;  an  anchorite.  PhUotus. — A.S. 
ancer-setle,  an  anchorite's  cell  or  seat, 
a  hermitage  ;  from  ancer,  a  hermit,  Lat. 
anachoreta,  Gr.  ava^ai^Tvj?. 

ANKERSTOCK,  s.  A  large  loaf,  of  an  ob- 
long form.  The  name  is  extended  to  a 
wheaten  loaf,  but  properly  belongs  to  one 
made  of  rye,  S.  Gl.  Sibb.  Q.  an  ancho- 
rite's stock,  or  supply  ;  or  from  some  fan- 
cied resemblance  to  the  stock  of  an  anchor. 

ANLAS,  s.  Properly  "a  kind  of  knife  or 
dagger  usually  worn  at  the  girdle,"  as 
the  term  occurs  in  Chaucer  ;  but  used  to 
denote  a  pike  fixed  in  the  cheveron  of  a 
horse.  Sir  Gawan. — Franc,  anelaz,  ana- 
leze,  adlaterale  telum,  from  lez,  latus,  the 
side  ;  C.B.  anglas,  a  dagger ;  L.B.  anela- 
cius,  id. 

ANMAILLE,  s.    Enamel.  V.  Amaille. 

ANN,  Annet,  8.  A  half-year's  salary  le- 
gally due  to  the  heirs  of  a  minister,  in 



addition  to  what  was  due  expressly,  ac- 
cording to  the  period  of  his  incumbency, 
S.  Acts  Cha.  II. — Fr.  annate,  L.B.  an- 

To  ANNECT,  r.  a.  To  annex  ;  part.  pa. 
annext,  Lat.  anmecto.     Acts  J  a.  VI. 

ANNEILL,  s.  Probably  the  old  name  for 

ANNERD  AILL,  s.  The  district  now  deno- 
minated Annandale. 

ANNEXIS  and  CONNEXIS.  A  legal 
phrase,  occurring  in  old  deeds,  as  denoting 
everything  in  any  way  connected  with 
possession  of  the  right  or  property  re- 
ferred to.  Law  Lat.  annexis  et  con- 

ANNEXUM,  8.  An  appendage ;  synon.  with 
S.  Pendicle.  Lat.  annex-us,  appended, 

ANNIVERSARY,  s.  A  distribution  an- 
nually made  to  the  clergy  of  any  religious 
foundation,  in  times  of  Popery.  L.B.  an- 
niversarium.    V.  Daill-silver. 

ANNUALL,  Annuell,  Gkound-Annuall, 
s.  The  quit-rent  or  feu-duty  that  is 
payable  to  a  superior  every  year,  for 
possession  or  for  the  privilege  of  build- 
ing on  a  certain  piece  of  ground,  S. — Lat. 
annualis  ;  Fr.  annuel  yearly. 

ANNUELLAR,  s.  The  superior  who  re- 
ceives the  annuall  or  feu-duty  for  ground 
let  out  for  building.  V.  Top  Annuell. 

ANONDER,  Anoner,  prep.  Under,  S.B. 
Fife.  Anunder,  S.A.  Teut. onder, id.  A.S. 
m-undor  edoras,  in  under,  the  roofs. 

To  ANORNE,  <t>.  a.  To  adorn.  Douglas. 
— L.B.  inorn-are,  Tertullian. 

ANSARS,  3.  pi.  "  David  Deans  believed 
this,and  many  suchghostly  encounters  and 
victories,  on  the  faith  of  the  Ansars,  or 
auxiliaries  of  the  banished  prophets." 
Heart  Mid-Lothian.— O.Fr.  anseor,  juge, 
arbitre.  Roquefort. 

ANSE,  Anze,  Ense,  conj.  Else,  otherwise. 
Ang.  — Allied  perhaps  to  Su.G.  annars, 

ANSENYE,  s.  A  sign  ;  also  a  company  of 
soldiers.     V.  Enseinyie. 

ANSTERCOIP,  s.  Meaning  doubtful.  V. 

ANSWIR,  (Ansur)  of,  r.  n.  To  pay,  on  a 
claim  being  made,  or  in  correspondence 
with  one's  demands.    Aberd.  Reg. 

ANTEPEND,  Antipend,  s.  A  veil  or 
screen  for  covering  the  front  of  an  altar 
in  some  Popish  churches,  which  is  hung 
up  on  festival  days.  L.B.  Antipend-ium, 

To  ANTER,  v.  n.  1.  To  adventure,  S.B. 
Ross.  2.  To  chance ;  to  happen,  S.B. 
Journ.  Lond.  3.  In  the  form  of  a  parti- 
ciple, or  adjective,  as  signifying  occa- 
sional, single,  rare.  An  antrin  ane,  one 
of  a  kind  met  with  singly  and  occasionally, 
or  seldom,  S.  Ferguson.  To  be  viewed 
as  the  same  with  Aunter,  q.v.     Perhaps 


rather  allied  to  Isl.  Su.G.  andra,  vagari, 
whence  Dan.  randre,  Ital.  andare,  id. 

ANTERCAST,  s.  A  misfortune;  a  mis- 
chance, S.B.  Ross.  Anter,  or  aunter,  ad- 
venture, and  cast,  a  chance,  q.  something 
accidental,  a  throw  at  random. 

ANTETEWME,  s.  "  Antetune,  antiphone, 
response."     L.  Hailes.    Bannatyne  P. 

ANTICAIL, .«.  An  antique  ;  a  remnant  of 
antiquity.  Sir  A.  Balfour's  Letters. — Ital. 
anticaglia,  "  all  manner  of  antiquities,  or 
old  monuments."     Altieri. 

ANTYCESSOR,  Antecessowr,  Anteces- 
tre,  s.  An  ancestor;  a  predecessor  ;  Lat. 
antecessor.      Wallace. 

ANTICK,  s.  A  foolish,  ridiculous  frolic, 
S.  In  E.  the  person  who  acts  as  a  buf- 

ANTRIN,  adj.  Occasional  ;  single  ;  rare. 
Perhaps  from  Isl.  Su.G.  andra,  vagari,  to 
stray,  to  wander. 

ANUNDER,  prep.     Under.     V.  Anonder. 

APAYN,  part.  pa.  Provided  ;  furnished. 
Barbour. — Fr.  appan-e,  having  received 
a  portion,  appan-er  to  give  a  portion  ; 
L.B.  apan-are,  id.  from  pain ;  Lat.  pan-is, 
as  originally  denoting  the  supply  of 
bread  and  other  necessaries  of  life. 

APAYN,  adv.  1.  Reluctantly;  unwilling- 
ly ;  sometimes  written  distinctly,  a  payn. 
Barbour.  2.  Hardly;  scarcely.  Wallace. 
3.  It  seems  improperly  used  for  in  case. 
Wallace.  4.  Under  pain  ;  at  the  risk  of. 
In  editions,  on  payn.  Wallace. — Fr. 
a  peine,  "  scarcely  ;  hardly  ;  not  without 
much  ado."    Cotqr. 

APARASTEVR,  adj.  Applicable;  congru- 
ous to. — Allied,  perhaps,  to  O.Fr.  appa- 
roistre,  to  appear  ;  apareissant,  appa- 

APARTE,  s.     One  part.     Act.  Audit. 

To  APEN,  v.  a.  To  open.  To  ken  a'  thing 
that  apens  and  steeks,  to  be  acquainted  with 
everything,  S. 

To  APERDONE,  r.  a.  To  pardon.  V. 

A  PER  SE,  "  An  extraordinary  or  incom- 
parable person  ;  like  the  letter  A  by  it- 
self, which  has  the  first  place  in  the  al- 
phabet of  almost  all  languages  ;"  Rudd. 
Chaucer,  id.     Douglas. 

APERSMAR,  Apersmart,  Apirsmart, 
adj.  Crabbed;  ill-humoured.  Snell,  cah- 
chie,  S.  synon.  Douglas. — A.S.  afor,  afre, 
bitter,  sharp ;  Isl.  apur,  asper,  (as  apur- 
hylde,  acre  frigus) ;  and  A.S.  smeorte, 
Su.G.  smarta,  pain.  Haldorson  remarks, 
that  the  Isl.  term  is  also  applied  to  one 
of  austere  manners. 

APERT,  adj.  Brisk;  bold;  free.  Barbour. 
— Fr.  appert,  expert,  prompt  ;  Lat.  ap- 
parat-us,  prepared. 

APERT,  Appert,  adj.  Open  ;  avowed  ; 
manifest.  Pinkerton's  Hist.  Scot. — Lat. 
appert-us,  open  ;  Fr.  impers.  v.  77  appert. 
it  is  apparent ;  it  is  manifest. 




APERT.  In  apert,  adr.  Evidently;  openly. 
Barbour. — Fr.  apert,  appert,  open,  evi- 
dent ;  from  appar-oir,  Lat.  appar-ere,  to 

A  PERTHE,  Aperte, arZr.  Openly;  avow- 
edly. Act.  Dom.  Cone. — Lat.  apertt, 

APERTLY,  adr.  Briskly  ;  readily.  Bar- 
bour. V.  Apert,  ad}. 

APIEST,  Apiece,  con}.  Although.  V. 

APILL  RENYEIS,  s.  pi.  A  string,  or 
necklace  of  beads  ;  q.  a  rein  or  bridle  of 
beads,  formed  like  apples,     Dunbar. 

APLACE,  adr.  Present,  as  opposed  to 
being  absent ;  in  this  place.  Clydes. 

APL1GHT,  adv.  Completely;  O.E.  apliht, 
Sir  Tristrem. — A.S.  on,  aadpliht,  pericu- 
lum,  /i/ili/-'iu,  periculo  objicere  se. 

APON,  Apoun,  prep.  Upon,  S.  Barbour. 
— A.S.  ufa,  Su.G.  uppa,  insuper,  and  on. 

APORT,  Aporte,  s.  Deportment  ;  car- 
riage. Wyntoicn. — Fr.  apport,  from  ap- 
port-er,  to  carry  ;  Lat.  ad,  and  port-are. 

To  APPAIR,  v.  a.  To  injure;  to  impair, 
O.E.  apeir.  Detect.  Q.  Mary. — Fr.  em- 
pir-er,  id.  V.  Pare,  v. 

To  APPARDONE,  Aperdone,  v.  a.  To 
forgive;  to  pardon.     Nicol  Burne. 

APPARELLE,  Apparyle,  Apparaill,  s. 
Equipage ;  furniture  for  warfare ;  prepara- 
tions for  a  siege,  whether  for  attack  or  de- 
fence ;  ammunition.  Barbour. — Fr.  appa- 
reil,  provision,  furniture,  preparations  for 

To  APPELL,  v.  a.  To  challenge.  Pit- 
scottie. — Fr.appel-er,to  accuse,to  impeach. 

To  APPELL,  v.  n.  To  cease  to  rain.  Ayrs. 
V.  Uppil. 

APPEN  FURTH.  The  free  air  ;  q.  an 
open  exposure.     Clydes. 

APPERANDE,  Appearand,  adj.  Appa- 
rent.    Aperand.     Aberd.  Reg. 

APPERANDE,  s.  Heir-apparent.  ActsJa, 

APPERANLIE,  adr.  Apparently.  Beas. 
between  Crosraquell  and  J.  Knox. 

APPILCARlE,'s.     Meaning  not  known. 

APP1LLIS,  s.  pi.  Rendered  "  apples  "  in 
Gl.  to  Poems  16th  Century;  "Jerusalem 
as  appillis  lay  in  heip";  but  doubtful. 
Perhaps  from  Fr.  appiler,  to  heap  or  pile 
together.     Cotqr. 

APP1N,  adj.  Open,S.  ComplayntS.  Dan. 
aaben,  apertus  ;  Isl.  opna,  foramen. 
Wachter  derives  Germ,  offen,  apertus, 
from  auf,  up. 

To  APPIN,r.«.  Toopen,S.O.  Ol.8urv.Ayrs. 

To  APPLEIS,  Appless,  v.  a.  To  satisfy; 
to  content ;  to  please.  Wallace.  Appar- 
ently from  an  obsolete  Fr.  v.  of  the  form 
of  applaire. 

APPLERINGIE,  s.  Southernwood,  S.  Gait. 
Artemisia  abrotonum,  Linn. — Fr.  apile, 
strong,  and  auroune,  southernwood,  from 
Lat.  abrotonum,  id. 

APPLY,  s.  Plight;  condition.  Sir Egeir. 
— Fr.  pit,  state,  habit.    V.  Ply. 

APPLIABLE,  adj.  Pliant  in  temper. 
Colkelbie  Soic. 

APPONIT.  Error  for  opponit;  opposed. 
A",  it  It's  Hist. 

To  APPORT,  r.  a.  To  bring;  to  conduce. 
— Fr.  apport-er,  id.    P.  Bruce. 

APPOSIT,  part.  pa.  Disposed  ;  willing. 
Aberd.  Peg. — Lat.  apposit-us,  apt,  fit. 

To  APPREUE,  Apprieve,  t.  a.  To  ap- 
prove. Douglas. — Fr.  approuver,  Lat. 

To  APPRISE,  v.  a.  To  approve  ;  used  as 
signifying  a  preference.  Bellenden. — 
O.Fr.  apret'ur,  aprisier,  evaluer,estimer  ; 
Lat.  appretiare. 

APPRISING,  s.  Esteem;  value.  Bellenden. 

APPRIS1T,  part.  pa.  Valued  ;  prized. 
/>>  llenden. 

APPROCHEAND,  part.  pa.  Proximate  ; 
in  the  vicinitv.     BelUnden. 

To  APPROPRE,  Appropir,  v.  a.  To  ap- 
propriate. Act.  Audit.  Aberd.  Peg. — 
Fr.  approprier,  id. 

APPUY,  s.  Support;  a  buttress;  a  rest. 
Keith's  Hist. — Fr.  id. 

APPUNCTUAMENT,  s.  A  convention,  or 
agreement,  with  specification  of  certain 
terms.  Acts  J  a.  V. 

To  APPURCHASE,  r.  a.  To  obtain  ;  to 
procure.     Pitscottie. 

To  APUNCT,  Appunct,  v.  v.  To  settle. 
Act.  Dom.  Cone. 

AR,ARE,a^r.  Formerly  ;also,early.  V.  Air. 

To  AR,  Are,  Ere,  v.  a.  To  plough;  to 
till,  S.;to  ear,  E.  Douglas. — Moes.G.  av- 
ian, Su.G.  aer-ia,  Isl.  er-ia,  A.S.  er-ian. 
Alem.  err-en,  Germ,  er-en,  Gr.  ae-nv,  Lat. 
ar-are.  Ihre  views  Heb.  yix  ar-etz, 
earth,  as  the  fountain. 

ARAGE,  Arrage,  Aryage,  Auarage, 
Average,  s.  Servitude  due  by  tenants, 
in  men  and  horses,  to  their  landlords. 
This  custom  is  not  entirely  abolished 
in  some  parts  of  Scotland.  "  Arage  and 
carriage "  is  a  phrase  still  commonly 
used  in  leases.  Skene. — L.B.  averag-ium, 
from  ater-ia,  a  beast  for  work;  and  this 
perhaps  from  Fr.  ourre,  work. 

ARAYNE,  part.  pa.  Arrayed.  Douglas. — 
O.Fr.  arraye,  id. 

To  ARAS,  Arrace,  v.  a.  1.  To  snatch  or 
pluck  away  by  force.  Wyntoicn.  2.  To 
raise  up.  Douglas.  This  sense  is  so  dif- 
ferent from  the  former,  that  it  might  ra- 
ther seem  to  be  put  for  arraise,  q.  to  raise 
up. — Fr.  arrach-er,  to  tear ;  to  pull  by  vio- 
lence ;  to  pull  up  by  the  roots,  from  Lat. 

ARBY,  s.  The  sea-gilliflower,  or  sea-pink. 
Orkn.     Neill. 

ARBY-ROOT,  s.  The  root  of  the  sea-pink, 
or  Statice  armeria.     Orkn.  Neill's  Tour. 

ARBROATH  PIPPIN,  s.  The  name  of 
an  apple,  S.     V.  Oslin  Pippin. 




ARCH,  Argh,  Airgh,  Ergh,  (gutt.)  adj. 

1.  Averse  ;  reluctant  ;  often  including 
the  idea  of  timidity  as  the  cause  of  reluc- 
tance^. Douglas.  2.  Apprehensive;  filled  j 
with  anxietyj  S.  Chaucer,  erke,  weary, 
indolent.  Popul.  Ball. — A.S.  earg,  desi- 
diosus,iners,slothful,sluggish  ;ear/i, fugax, 
"timorous,  and  ready  to  run  away  for 
fear."  Somn.  Isl.  arg-ur,  reformidans; 
arg-r,  piger,  deses;  Su.G.  arg,  ignavus. 
Among  the  Goths  argur,  L.B.  arga,  de- 
noted a  poltroon,  a  coward. 

To  ARCH,  Argh,  t.  n.  To  hesitate;  to  be 
reluctant.    V.  Ergh,  r. 

ARCHIE,  s.     Abbrev.  of  Archibald,  S. 

ARCHIEDENE,  s.  Archdeacon.  Acts 
Ja.  VI. — Lat.  archidiacon-us. 

ARCHIL  AGH,  Archilogh,  Archilowe,  s. 
The  return  which  one  who  has  been 
treated  in  an  inn  or  tavern,  sometimes 
reckons  himself  bound  in  honour  to  make 
to  the  company.  When  he  calls  for  his 
bottle,  he  is  said  to  give  them  his  archi- 
iagh.  Loth.  South  of  S.  Rob  Boy.  V. 
Lawin,  Lauch. 

ARCHNES,  Arghness,  s.  1.  Reluctance; 
backwardness.  Wodroic.  2.  Obliquely 
used  for  niggardliness,  q.  reluctance  to 
part  with  anything.  Legend  Bp.  St.  An- 

ARCHPREISTRIE,  Archiprestrie,  s.  1. 
A  dignity  in  collegiate  churches  during 
the  time  of  Popery,  next  in  rank  to  the 
dean,    and  superior  to    all  the  canons. 

2.  Used  as  synon.  with  vicarage.  Acts 
Cha.  I.  and  Ja.  VI. — Fr.  arche-prestre, 
a  head-priest. 

ARE,  s.  An  heir.  Act.  Bom.  Cone.  V.  Air. 

To  AREIK,  Arreik,  v.  a.  To  reach  ;  to 
extend.  Douglas. — A.S. arecc-an,  assequi, 
to  get,  to  attain. 

AREIR,a(7c  Back.  To  rin  areir,  to  decline  ; 
synon.  with,  to  miscarry.  Lyndsay. — Fr. 
arriere,  backward  ;  Lat.  a  retro. 

AREIRD,  adj.  Confused  ;  disordered  ; 
backward.     V.  Arier. 

To  AREIST,  Arreist,  r.  a.  To  stop  ;  to 
stay.     Doug/as. — Fr.  arest-er,  id. 

AREIST,  s.  "Delay.  But  arreist;  without 
delay.    Douglas. 

ARE  MORROW,  adv.  Early  in  the  morn- 
ing.    V.  Air,  adv. 

To  AREND,  r.  n.  To  rear  ;  applied  to  a 
•horse  when  he  throws  back  his  forepart, 
and  stands  on  his  hind  legs.  Fife. — O.Fr. 
arriens,  backward. 

ARENT, .«.  Contraction  for  Annual  rent. 
Acts  Cha.  I. 

ARER,  s.  An  heir ;  Areris,  heirs.  Act. 

ARESOUND,jm)-^.  Perhaps,  called  in  ques- 
tion ;  Fr.aresoner,  interroger,questionner, 
demander  ;  ratiocinari ;  Gl.  Roquefort. 
Areson  is  used  by  R.  Brunne  in  the  sense 
of  persuade,  or  reason  with.  Sir  Tristrem. 

AKETTYT, jxirt. pa.  Accused,broughtinto 

judgment.     Barbour. — L.B.  rect-are,  ret- 
are,  arett-are,  accusare,  in  jus  vocare,  Du 
ARGENT  CONTENT.  Ready  money.  Fr. 

argent  comptant,  id.     Bellendt  n. 
To  ARGH,  t.n.   To  hesitate.  V.  Arch  and 

Ergh,  r. 
ARGIE,  s.    Assertion  in  a  dispute,  the  spe- 
cific plea  which  one  uses  in  disputation, 
S.B. — Su.G.  ierga,  semper  eadem  obgan- 
nire.     Isl.  iarq-r,  keen  contention. 
To  ARGIE-BARGIE,  o.  n.     To  contend. 
To    ARGLE-BARGLE,    Acrgle-Bargin, 
v.  n.     To  contend,  to  bandy  backwards 
and  forwards,  S.      Argle-bargin,   Loth. 
Eaggle-bargin, synon.  Ramsay. — Isl.  arg, 
enraged,  jarg-a,  to  contend. 
ARG0L-BARG0L0US,«r7/.  Quarrelsome ; 
contentious  about  trifles.     Gait's  Provost. 
To    ARGONE,    Argowxe,    Argwe,   Ar- 
gew,  r.  a.    1.  To   argue,  to  contend  by 
argument.    Bannatyne  Poems.    2.  To  cen- 
sure, to  reprehend,  to  chide  with.  WaU<ice. 
— Fr.  arqu-er,  Lat.  argu-ere. 
ARGOSEEN,  s.    The  lamprey,  according  to 
old  people.    Ayrs.  ;  q.  having  the  een  or 
eves  of  A  rqus. 
ARGUESYN,  s.     The  lieutenant  of  a  gal- 
ley ;    he  who   has  the   government  and 
keeping    of    the    slaves    committed    to 
him.  Knox. — Fr.  argousin,  satelles  remi- 
gibus  regendis  et  custodiendis  praeposi- 
tus,  Diet.  Trev. 
ARGUMENT,  s.    The  subject  of  a  version  ; 
a  piece  of  English  dictated  to  boys  at 
school  for  translation  into  Latin.     Aberd. 
To  ARGUMENT,  r.  a.  To  prove;  to  show. 
Crosragnel. — Lat.  arqument-ari,  to  reason. 
ARIT,  fret,  of  Ar.     Tilled  ;  eared.  V.  Ar, 

Are,  r. 
ARK,  Meal-ark,  s.  A  large  chest  ;  espe- 
cially one  used  for  holding  corn  or  meal, 
S.  Bannatyne  Poems.   A.S.  arce,  erce,  a 
chest,  a  coffer  ;  Alem.  area  ;  Su.G.  ark; 
Lat.  area  :  Gael.  arc.    Hence, 
Eel-Ark,  s.  That  kind  of  a  box  which   is 
placed  in  lakes,  ponds,  &c,  for  catching 
and  retaining  eels ;  a  term  common  in  old 
ARK  of  a  Mill.    The  place  in  which  the 

centre-wheel  runs,  S. 
ARK-BEIN,  the  bone  called  the  os  Pubis, 

To  ARLE,  r.  a.  1.  To  give  an  earnest  of  auy 
kind,  S.  2.  To  give  a  piece  of  money  for 
confirming  a  bargain,  S.  3.  To  put  a 
piece  of  money  into  the  hand  of  a  seller, 
at  entering  upon  a  bargain,  as  a  security 
that  he  shall  not  sell  to  another  while  he 
retains  this  money,  S.  Skene. — L.B.  arrh- 
are,  arrhis  sponsam  dare,  Fr.  arrh-er, 
arr-er,  to  give  an  earnest. 
ARLES,  Erlis,  Arlis,  Arlis-Penme, 
Ai rle-Penny,  s.  1.  An  earnest  of  what- 
ever kind,  a  pledge  of  full  possession,  S. 
A.Bor.  Wyntoicn.       2.  A  piece  of  money 


given  for  confirming  a  bargain,  S.  A.Bor. 
Acts  Ja.  IV.  'S.  A  piece  of  money  put 
into  the  hands  of  a  seller  when  one  be- 
gins to  cheapen  any  commodity  ;  as  a 
pledge  that  the  seller  shall  not  strike  a 
bargain,  or  even  enter  into  terms  with 
another  while  he  retains  the  arles,  S.  In 
Scotland  a  servant  who  has  been  hired, 
and  who  has  received  arles,  is  supposed 
to  have  a  right  to  break  the  engagement, 
if  the  earnest  has  been  returned  within 
twenty-four  hours.  This,  however,  may 
have  no  other  sanction  than  that  of  cus- 
tom.— Lat.  arrhabo,  arrha,  Gael,  iarliis,  id. 

ARLY,  adc.  Early.  Barbour. — A.S.  arlice, 

ARLICH,  Arlitch,  adj.  Sore;  fretted; 
painful,  S.B.  V.  Arr. — Su.G.  an/,  iratus, 
arg-a,  laedere,  Dan.  arrig,  troublesome  ; 
as  we  say, "  an  angry  sore  "  ;  or  from  Su.G. 
aerr,  cicatrix,  whence  aerrig,  vulneratus. 

ARMYN,  Armyng,  s.  Armour  ;  arms. 

ARMING,  s.  Ermine.  L.B.  armin-ea,  id. 
Coll.  Inventories,  A.  1561,  p.  128. 

ARMLESS,  adj.  Unarmed  ;  without  war- 
like weapons.     Spalding's  Troubles. 

ARMONY,  s.     Harmony.     Douglas. 

ARMOSIE,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to  Ormus. 
Inventories.     V.  Ormaise. 

ARN,  s.  The  alder,  a  tree,  S.  Pronounced 
in  some  counties,  q.  arin. — C.B.  uern, 
Arm.  tern,  guern,  Gael,  /earn,  alnus. 

ARN,  v.  subst.  Are,  the  third  pers.  plural ; 
Chaucer,  am.  Sir  Gawan. — A.S.  aron, 

ARNOT,  s.  Leg  [lea]  Arnot.  A  stone  lying 
in  the  field,  Aberd. ;  q.  earth-knot. 

ARNOT,  s.     The  shrimp,  a  fish,  Aberd. 

ARNS,  s.  pi.  The  beards  of  corn,  S.B. 
synon.  awns,     Franc,  am,  spica. 

ARNUT,  Lousy  Arnot,  s.  Tall  oat-grass 
or  pignut ;  Bunium  bulbocastanum,  or 
flexuosum,  Linn.  S.  Yurnut,  A.Bor. 
Lightfoot. — Corr.  from  earth-nut,  Teut. 
aerdnoot,  id. 

AROYNT  thee.  O.E.  Shaksj)ere.  V.  Runt,  v. 

ARON,  s.  The  plant  Wakerobin,  or  Cuc- 
koo's-pint.  Arum  maculatum,  Linn.,  Te- 
viotd. ;  Sw.  arons-oert,  id. 

ARORYS,     Errors.     Aberd.  Beg. 

AROUME,  adv.  At  a  distance,  so  as  to 
make  way.  A.S.  rume,  late',  or  rather 
rum,  locus  ;  on  rum. 

ARR,  s.  A  scar,  S.  A.Bor.  Pock-arrs,  the 
marks  left  by  the  small-pox,  S.  Lancash. 
— Su.G.  aerr,  Isl.  aer,  cicatrix,  a  scar. 

To  ARRACE.    V.  Aras. 

ARRAYED,  part.  adj.  A  term  applied  to 
a  mare  when  in  season,  Fife. 

ARRAN-AKE,  s.  The  speckled  diver,  Mer- 
gus  stellatus,  Brunnich.  P.  Luss,  Dum- 
bartons.  Statist.  Ace,  xvii.  251. 

ARRANGE,  s.    Arrangement.  Acts  Mary. 

ARRAS,  Arress,  s.  The  angular  or  sharp 
edge  of  a  stone,  log,  or  beam,  Loth. 



ARRED,  part.  adj.  Scarred  ;  having  the 
marks  of  a  wound  or  sore.  Hence,  Pock- 
arred,  marked  by  the  small-pox,  S. — Dan. 
arred,  cicatrized  ;  Isl.  aerra,  cicatrices 

ARREIR,  adc.  Backward.  To  ryn  ar- 
reir,  rapidly  to  take  a  retrograde  course. 
Lyndsay.  Chaucer,  arere,  id.  —  Fr.  ar- 
riere;  Lat.  a  retro. 

ARRONDELL,  s.  The  swallow,  a  bird. 
Bur  el.  —  Fr.  arondelle,  hiroudelle,  from 
Lat.  hirundo,  id. 

ARROW,  adj.  Averse  ;  reluctant,  Aberd.; 
the  same  with  Arch,  Argh,  Sec. 

*  ARSE,  s.  The  bottom  or  hinder  part  of  any- 
thing ;  as,  a  sack-arse,  the  bottom  of  a  sack. 

ARSE-BURD  of  a  cart.  The  board  which 
shuts  in  a  cart  behind. 

ARSECOCKLE,  *•.  A  hot  pimple  on  the 
face  or  any  part  of  the  body,  S.B.  The 
term  seems  originally  to  have  been  con- 
fined to  pimples  on  the  hips ;  synon. 
with  Teut.  aers-bleyne,  tuberculus  in  ano. 

ARSEENE,  s.  The  quail.  Houlate—  A.S. 
aerschen,  coturnix  ;  also,  erschenn,  from 
ersc  and  henn,  q.  gallina  vivarii. 

ARSELINS,  adv.  Backwards  ;  adj.  back- 
ward, Clydes.  S.B.  Boss. — Belg.  acrsel-en, 
to  go  backwards  ;  aerseling,  receding ; 
aerselincks,  backwards. 

ARSELINS  COUP,  s.  The  act  of  falling 
backwards  on  the  hams,  Roxb. 

ARSE-VERSE,  s.  A  sort  of  spell  used  to 
prevent  the  house  from  fire,  or  as  an  an- 
tidote to  Arson,  from  which  the  term  is 
supposed  to  be  derived,  Teviotd.  Pro- 
bably borrowed  from  England. 

ARSOUN,  s.     Buttocks.     Barbour. 

ART,  Ard.  This  termination  of  many 
words,  denoting  a  particular  habit  or 
affection,  is  analogous  to  Isl.  and  Germ. 
art,  Belg.  aart,  nature,  disposition  ;  as,  E. 
drunkard,  bastard;  Fr.  babillard,  a  stut- 
terer ;  S.  bombard,  bumbart,  a  drone ; 
stunkart,  of  a  stubborn  disposition;  hast- 
ard,  hasty,  passionate. 

ART  and  PART.  Accessory  to,  or  abet- 
ting, a  forensic  phrase,  S.  used  in  a  bad 
sense.  Art  denotes  the  instigation  or  ad- 
vice. Part,  the  share  that  one  has  in  the 
commission  of  a  crime.  Erskine. — The 
terms  are  frequently  used  in  the  way  of 
discrimination,  "  Art  or  part."  Wyn- 
town.  Borrowed  from  the  Lat.  phrase, 
Artem  et  partem  habuit. 

ART  and  JURE.  Literature,  philosophy, 
and  jurisprudence.    Acts  Ja.  IV. 

ARTAILYE,  Artailue,  Artallie,  s.  Ar- 
tillery ;  applied  to  offensive  weapons  of 
what  kind  soever,  before  the  introduction 
of  fire-arms.     Wallace.     V.  Artillied. 

ARTATION,  s.  Excitement ;  instigation. 
Bellenden. — L.B.  artatio,  from  arto  for 
arcto,  are,  to  constrain. 

ARTHURY'SHUFE,the  name  given  to  the 
constellation  Arcturus.  Douglas.  V.Hoif. 




ARTY,  Airtie,  «<//.  Artful;  dexterous;  in- 
genious, Aberd.  Loth.  —  Teut.  aerdigh, 
ingeniosus,  solers,  argutus;  Dan.  artig, 
id. ;  Isl.  artug-r,  artificiosus. 

ARTILLIED,  part.  pa.  Provided  with 
artillery.  PitscuUie.  Fr.  artUl-er,  to 
furnish  with  ordnance. 

ARTOW.  Art  thou  I  used  interrogatively, 
S.  the  verb  and  pronoun  being  often,  in 
colloquial  language,  conjoined  in  Scottish, 
as  in  Germ,  and  Isl.  Isl.  ertu,  id.  King's 
Quair.     Ertow,  id.     Ytcaine  and  Gawin. 

ARVAL,  Arvil  Supper,  s.  An  entertain- 
ment after  a  funeral ;  or  rather  when  the 
heirs  of  the  deceased  enter  on  possession. 
Arri/f,  a  funeral.  Arrill-Supper,  a  feast 
made  at  funerals,  North.  Grose.  A  r nil- 
bread,  the  loaves  sometimes  distributed 
among  the  poor.  The  term  has  evidently 
originated  from  the  circumstance  of  this 
entertainment  being  given  by  one  who 
entered  on  the  possession  of  an  inheri- 
tance ;  from  arf,  hereditaa,  and  oel,  con- 
vivium,  primarily  the  designation  of  the 
beverage  which  we  call  ah . 

AS,  con/.    Than,  S.;  syn.  with  nor.     Kelly. 

AS,  Ass,  A.8SE,  A1.-1:,  t.  Ashes  ;  plur.  assis, 
S.  ass  and  aiss;  A.  I  tor.  ass,  Cumberl.  esse, 
ill.  Dunbar. —  Mocs.G.  asja,  Alem,  asea, 
Germ,  and  Belg.  asehe,  Su.G.  and  Isl. 
</.-•/<<,  cinis. 

ASCENSE,  s.  Ascent.  Poems  16th  Cent. 
Lat.  ascens-io. 

ASCHET,  s.  A  large  flat  plate  on  which 
meat  is  brought  to  the  table,  S. — Fr.  as- 
si  tte,  "  a  trencher-plate."    Cotgr. 

To  ASCRIVE,  Ascriue,  Ascryve,  r.  a. 
1.  To  ascribe.  Bollock.  2.  To  reckon;  to 
account.  Acts  Ja.  VI. — Fr.  adscrire,  to 
enroll,  register,  account,  &c.     Cotgr. 

ASEE,  s.  The  angle  contained  between  the 
beam  and  the  handle  on  the  hinder  Bide 
of  a  plough,  Orkn.     Synon.  Nick. 

ASHIEPATTLE,  s.  A  neglected  child, 
Shetl.  Perhaps  from  Isl.  aska,  ashes,  and 
patti,  a  little  child  ;  a  child  allowed  to  lie 
among  the  ashes. 

ASHYPET,  adj.  Employed  in  the  lowest 
kitchen-work,  Ayrs.     V.  Assipet. 

ASH-KEYS,  Ashen-Key,  s.  The  seed-ves- 
sels of  the  ash,  S.    Tales  of  my  Landlord. 

ASHLAR,  adj.  Hewn  and  polished ;  ap- 
plied to  stones.  Spalding. — Fr.  aisseUe, 
a  shingle,  q.  smoothed  like  a  shingle. 

ASIDE,  s.  One  side.  Ich  aside,  every  side. 
Sir  Tristn  m. 

ASIDE,  prep.  Beside  ;  at  the  side  of  an- 
other. TannahilVs Poems.  It  seems  formed 
q.  on  side,  like  E.  away. 

ASIL,  Asil-Tooth,  s.  The  name  given  to 
the  grinders,  or  dentes  molares;  the  teeth 
at  the  extremity  of  the  jaw,  Roxb. 

ASYNIS,  s.  pi.  Asses,  Bellenden.—Tr. 
asne,  Lat.  asin-us. 

ASK,  Awsk,  s.  An  eft ;  a  newt ;  a  kind  of 
li^rd,  S;  oefcr,  A.Bor,     Wyid'^ni,— 

Germ.  e'ulechs,eidex;  Franc,  edchsa;  A.S. 
athexe  ;  Belg.  egdisse,  haagdisse,  id. 
Wachter  deduces  the  Germ,  word  from 
eH>  e9t  ovum,  and  tyg-en,  gignere,  q. 
"  produced  from  an  egg." 

ASK,  s.  The  stake  to  which  a  cow  is  tied, 
by  a  rope  or  chain,  in  the  byre,  Caithn. — 
Isl.  as;  Su.G.  a«s,  a  pole,  staff,  or  beam. 

*  To  ASK,  r.  a.  To  proclaim  two  persons  in 
the  parish  church,  in  order  to  marriage ;  to 
publish  the  bans,  Aberd.  Loth.    Syn.  Cm. 

ASKLENT,  Asclent,  Asklint,  adv.  Ob- 
liquely ;  asquint ;  on  one  side,  S.  Aslant, 
E.  Burns,  H.  Bruce. — Swed.  slant,  ob- 
liquus,  from  slind,  latus. 

ASKOY,  adr.  Asquint  ;  obliquely,  Kirk- 
cudbright.— E.  Askew,  Su.G.  skef,  id.  from 
ska,  sko,  disjunctive  particle. 

ASLEY.  Horses  in  asley,  are  horses  be- 
longing to  different  persons,  lent  from  one 
to  another,  till  each  person's  land  is 
ploughed,  Orkn. 

ASP  AIT,  adr.  In  flood,  Clydes.  Mar- 
maiden  of  Clyde. 

To  ASP  ARE,  r.  a.  To  aspire.   Aberd.  Beg. 

ASPECT,  s.  The  serpent  called  the  asp, 
or  aspik.     Burel. — Fr.  aspic. 

ASPERANS,  adj.  Lofty ;  elevated  ;  pomp- 
ous, applied  to  diction.  Wallace. —  Fr. 
axpvrant,  Lat.  aspirans,  aspiring. 

ASl'KRT,  adj.  Harsh;  cruel.  Ring** 
Quair. — Fr.  aspre,  Lat.  asper,  id. 

ASPYNE,  s.  From  the  connexion,  appa- 
rently meant  to  denote  a  boat.  Barbour. 
— Swed.  esping,  a  long  boat,  Teut.  fces- 
pingh  ,  espinck,  cymba,  a  small  boat. 

&.SFQSlT>   Disposed.  Aberd,  Beg. 

ASPRE,  adj.  Sharp.  V.  Aspert.   Wallace. 

ASPRESPER,  s.  Perhaps  q.  "  sharp 
spear  ;"  like  aspre  bow,  also  used  by 
Blind  Harry.  Wallace. — Fr.  asper,  dur, 
rude,  baton  noueux.     Gl.  Roquefort. 

ASI'RIANCE,s.     V.  Asi-kkans. 

To  ASS,  9.  a.  To  ask.  Heurysone. — Germ. 
eisch-en,  Fran,  eiscon,  id. 

ASS,  s.     Ashes.     V.  As. 

ASSAYIS,  s.  Assize ;  convention.  11'.'//'- 

To  ASSAILYIE,  r.  a.  To  attack  ;  to  as- 
sail. Wallace. — Fr.  assaill-ir;  L.B.  ad- 
?<i/-'/r< .  assal-ire,  invadere,  aggredi. 

ASSAL-TEETH,  s.  pi.  The  grinders.  V. 

ASSASSINAT,  s.  An  assassin  ;  an  impro- 
per use  of  the  Fr.  word  denoting  the  act 
of  murder.    Law's  Memorialh. 

ASSEDAT,  pret .  Gave  in  lease.  Aberd.  7?  <  g. 

ASSEDATION,  s.  1.  A  lease  ;  a  term  sti'll 
commonly  used  in  our  legal  deeds,  S. 
Balfour.  2.  The  act  of  letting  in  lease. 
— L.B.  assedatio.     Chalmerlan.  Air. 

To  ASSEGE,  v.  a.  To  besiege.  Wyntown. 
— Fr.  assieg-er,  L.B.  assidiare,  obsjdere  ; 
from  Lat.  ad.  and  sedeo. 

ASSEGE,  s.    Siege.    Wynt&m. 

'To  ASSEMBLE,  9,  n.  'To  join  in  b 




Wyntown. — Fr.  assembl-er,  from  Su.G. 
saml-a,  Germ,  saml-en,  Belg.  zamel-en, 
congregare  ;  from  Su.G.  and  Germ,  sam,  a 
prefix  denoting  association  and  conjunction 

ASSEMBLE, s.  Engagement;  battle.  Wyn- 

ASSENYHE,  s.  The  word  of  war.  Corr. 
from  Ensenyie,  q.  v.     Barbour. 

ASSHOLE,  s.  1.  The  place  for  receiving 
the  ashes  under  the  grate.  2.  A  round 
excavation  in  the  ground,  out  of  doors, 
into  which  the  ashes  are  carried  from  the 
hearth,  Mearns.  S.  Lancash.  esshole,  as- 
liole,  id.     Tim  Bobbin.     V.  As. 

ASSIE,  adj.  Abounding  with  ashes,  Loth. 
V.  As,  Ass. 

ASSIEPET,  *.  A  dirty  little  creature; 
syn.  with  Skodgie,  Roxb.,  q.  one  that 
is  constantly  soiled  with  ashes,  or  ass; 
like  a  pet  that  lies  about  the  fireside.  V. 
Ashypet,  and  Ashiepattle. 

To  ASSIG,  r.  n.  Probably  an  error  for 
Assign.  If  not  perhapsfrom  O.Fr.  atteg- 
ier,  i'aire  asseoir,  poser,  placer. 

ASSILAG,  s.  The  stormy  petrel,  a  bird  ; 
Procellaria  pelagica,  Linn.  Martin.  Per- 
haps from  Gael,  easoal,  Ir.  eashal,  a  storm. 

ASSILTRIE,  s.  An  axle-tree.  Douglas. 
— Fr.  asseul,  Ital.  assile,  axis. 

To  ASSING,  r.  a.    To  assign.    Aberd.  Reg. 

To  ASSYTH,  Assyith,  Syjth,  Sitiii:.  p.  a. 
To  make  a  compensation  to  another ;  to 
satisfy,  O.E.  asseeth,asseth,  id.  ActsJa.  1. 
— Lat.  ad,  and  A.S.  slthe,  vice.  Skinner. 
Rather  from  Su.G.  and  I  si.  saett-a,  conci- 
liare  ;  reconciliare.  Ir.  and  Gael,  sioth- 
am,  to  make  atonement. 

ASSYTH,  Assythment,  Syth,  Sithbment, 
.".  Compensation  ;  satisfaction  ;  atone- 
ment for  an  offence.  Assythment  is  still 
used  as  a  forensic  term,  S.  O.E.  aseeth, 
Wiclif.  Wyntoicn.  This  word  is  still  in 
use  in  our  courts  of  law,  as  denoting  sa- 
tisfaction for  an  injury  done  to  any  party. 
Su.G.  saett,  reconciliation,  or  the  fine  paid 
in  order  to  procure  it. 

To  ASSOILYIE,  r.  a.  1.  To  acquit;  to 
free  from  a  charge  or  prosecution  ;  a  fo- 
rensic term  much  used  in  our  courts,  S. 
Reg.  Mnj.  2.  To  absolve  from  an  eccle- 
siastical censure  ;  as  from  excommunica- 
tion. Bellenden.  O.E.  assoil,  asoilen,  and 
asoul,  denote  the  absolution  by  a  priest. 
P.  Ploughman.  3.  To  pronounce  absolu- 
tion from  sin,  in  consequence  of  confession. 
Abp.  Hamiltoun.  4.  To  absolve  from 
guilt  one  departed,  by  saying  masses  for 
the  soul ;  according  "to  the  faith  of  the 
Romish  church.  Barbour.  5.  Used  im- 
properly, in  relation  to  the  response  of 
an  oracle  ;  apparently  in  the  sense  of  re- 
solving what  is  doubtful.  Douglas.  6.  Also 
used  improperly,  as  signifying  to  unriddle. 
Z.  Boya, — O.Fr.  asso  He,  absoille,  decharge', 
{ibsous,  despens^,  Gl,  Roquefort,  Corr. 
from  Lat.  QotQh 

To  ASSONYIE,  Essonyie,  v.  a.  1.  To  of- 
fer an  excuse  for  absence  from  a  court  of 
law.  Stat.  K.  Will.  2.  Actually  to  ex- 
cuse ;  the  excuse  offered  being  sustained. 
Quon.  Attach.  3.  To  decline  the  combat; 
to  shrink  from  an  adversary.  Wallace. 
— O.E.  asoyned,  excused.  R.  Glouc.  Es- 
soin e,  a  legal  excuse.  Chaucer.  V.  Es- 
soxyie,  s. — Fr.  essoyner,  exon-ier,  to  ex- 
cuse from  appearing  in  court,  or  going  to 
the  wars.  Su.G.  son-a,  Germ,  sun-en,  to 
reconcile,  to  explain;  Moes.G.  sunj-an, 
to  justify. 

ASSOPAT,  part.  )><(.  At  an  end;  put  to 
rest ;  laid  aside.  Acts  Cha.  I. — Fr.  assop- 
ir,  to  lay  asleep,  to  quiet.  Cotgr. 

ASSURANCE,  s.  1 .  To  take  assurance  of  an 
enemy ;  to  submit ;  to  do  homage,  under 
the  condition  of  protection.  Complaynt 
S.  2.  This  word,  of  old,  was  the  same 
with  Laicborrou-s  now.  Spottiswoode. — Fr. 
dormer  assurement,  fidem  dare;  L.B.  as- 
secur-are,  from  Lat.  ad  and  secur-us. 

AST,  pret.  r.    Asked.    Poems  I6tk  Century. 

To  ASTABIL,  r.  a.  To  calm  ;  to  compose  ; 
to  assuage.  Douglas. — O.Fr.  establir,  to 
establish,  to  settle. 

ASTALIT,  part.  pa.  Decked,  or  set  out. 
(rawon  and  Got. — Fr.  estail-er,  to  display; 
to  show. 

To  ASTART,  Asteut,  r.  n.  1.  To  start; 
to  fly  hastily.  2.  To  start  aside  from  ;  to 
avoid.  King's  Quair. — Tent,  stcrt-ot,  to 
fly  ;  Germ,  starz-en,  to  start  up. 

ASTEER,  adc.  1.  In  confusion  ;  in  a  bust- 
ling state,  S.  q.  on  stir.  Riison.  2.  Used 
as  equivalent  to  abroad,  out  of  doors  ;  as, 
"  Ye 're  air  asteer  the  day,"  You  are  early 
abroad  to-day,  S. 

To  ASTEIR,  r.  a.  To  rouse  ;  to  excite  ;  to 
stir. Poems  N'.*/. ,  nth  Cent. — A.S.astyr-iau, 

ASTENT,s.  Valuation.  Act. Audit.  Here 
we  see  the  first  stage  from  Extent  to  Stent. 
V.  Stent,  e.  1 . 

ASTERNE,  adj.  Austere  ;  severe  ;  having 
a  harsh  look,  Roxb.     Dou<).  Virg. 

ASTIT,  Astet,  Astid,  adv.  '  1.  Rather;  as 
astit  better,  rather  better;  astit  teas,  rather 
was;  "  I  would  astit  riu  the  kintry,"  I 
would  rather  banish  myself,  Lanarks. 
Ayrs.  Dumfr.  2.  Astid,  as  well  as, 

ASTRE,  s.     A  star,  Fr.     Chron.  S.  Poet. 

ASTREES, .-.  The  beam  of  a  plough,  Orkn. 
Perhaps  from  Isl.  as,  and  tre,  lignum. 

*  To'ASTRICT,  r.  a.  To  bind  legally;  a  law 

term.  ActsJa.  VI. 
ASTRIKKIT,  part. pa.    Bound  ;  engaged. 

Bellenden. — Lat.  astrict-us,  id. 
ASWAIP,  adv.    Aslant,  Ettr.  For.    Of  the 

same  kindred  with  A.S.  swap-an,  svceop- 

an,  verrere  ;  Su.G.  sicep-a,  vagari, 
A-SWIM,  adv.  Afloat.  Spalding, 
AT, conj. '  That;  O.E.  id,  Gowef.  Barbour, 




Dan.  and  Swed.  at,  quod ;  Su.G.  att,  a 
conjunction  corresponding  to  Lat.  ut. 

AT,  pron.  That;  which;  what;  that  which. 

*  AT,  prep.  In  full  possession  of,  especially 
in  reference  to  the  mind,  S.   V.  Himsell. 

ATALL,atfi\  "  Altogether,"  Rudd.  Per- 
haps ;  at  best ;  at  any  rate.     Douglas. 

AT  ANE  MAE  WI  'T.  At  the  last  push  ; 
q.  about  to  make  one  attempt  more  as  the 
last,  Ettr.  For.     Perils  of  Man. 

ATANIS,  Attanis,  Atanys,  Atonis,  adv. 
At  once;  S.  at  ainze.  V.  Anis,  Anys. 
Gawan  and  Gol. 

AT  A'  WILL.  A  vulgar  phrase  signifying, 
to  the  utmost  that  one  can  wish. 

AT  E'EN.  In  the  evening.  Saturday  at 
e'en;  Saturday  evening.  Guy  ManneHng. 

ATCHESON,  Atchison,  s.  A  billon  coin, 
or  rather  copper  washed  with  silver,  struck 
in  the  reign  of  James  VI.,  of  the  value  of 
eight  pennies  Scots,  or  two-thirds  of  an 
English  penny.  Rudd.  From  the  name 
of  the  then  assay-master  of  the  mint. 

ATHARIST,  Houlate,  lii.  10.     V.  Citha- 


ATHE,  Ami,  Aythe,  s.  An  oath  ;  plur. 
otitis.  Barbour. — Moes.G.  aith,  A.S.  ath, 
Precop.  eth,  Isl.  aed,  Su.G.  ed,  Dan.  and 
Belg.  ecd,  Aleni.  and  Germ,  eid,  id. 

ATHER,com/.  Either.  B.Bruce.  V.Athir. 

ATHER,  s.  An  adder,  Clydes. 

ATHER-BILL,  5.    The  dragon-fly,  Clydes. 

ATHER-,  or  Natter-cap,  s.  The  dragon- 
fly, Fife. 

A'  THE  TEER,  A'  that  e'er.  Scarcely  ; 
with  difficulty  ;  corr.  of  all  that  ecer. 

ATHIL,  Athill,  Hathill,  adj.  Noble ; 
illustrious.  Houlate. — A.S.  aethel,  nobilis; 
whence  Aetheling,  Atheling,  a  youth  of  the 
blood-royal ;  Su.G.  add,  id. ;  adling,  ju- 
venis  nobilis;  deduced  from  ancient  Gothic 
aett,  kindred.  C.B.  eddyl  is  also  equiva- 
lent to  Lat.  gens,  cognatio. 

ATHIL,  Hathel,  s.  A  prince ;  a  noble- 
man ;  an  illustrious  personage  ;  plur. 
athilles,  (erroneously  achilles,)  hatheUs. 
V.  the  adj.     Sir  Gawan  and  Sir  Gal. 

ATHIR,  Athyr,  Ather, j?ron.  1.  Either; 
whichsoever.  Wyntown.  2.  Used  in  the 
sense  of  other.  3.  Mutual  ;  reciprocal. 
Bellenden. — A.S.  aegther,  uterque.  V. 

ATHOL  BROSE,  s.  Honey  mixed  with 
whisky.  It  is  used  sometimes  in  the 
Highlands  as  a  luxury,  and  sometimes  as 
a  specific  for  a  cold,  S.  Meal  is  occasion- 
ally substituted  for  honey.  Heart  Mid- 

ATHORT, prep.  1.  Through.  2.  Across,  S.; 
athwart,  E.     Baillie.     V.  Thortour. 

ATHORT,  adv.  Abroad  ;  far  and  wide. 

ATHOUT,  prep,  and  ad r.  Without,  Fife. 
V.  Bethout. 

ATHRAW,  a(£r.   Awry,  Ayrs.  Dumfr.   The 

SillerGun.  From  a,  or  rather  A.S.  on,  and 
ihrawan,  torquere. 
ATICAST,  s.     A  silly,  helpless,  odd  sort  of 

person,  Shetl. — Isl.  atkast,  insultatio. 
ATIR,  Eatir,  s.  Gore ;  blood  mixed  with 
matter  coming  from  a  wound.  Douglas. 
— A.S.  ater,  aetter,  aettor;  Alem.  eitir, 
Isl.  and  Germ,  eiter,  Su.G.  etter,  venenum; 
from  Alem.  eit-en,  to  burn. 

ATO,  adr.  In  twain.  Sir  Tristrem.  A.S. 
on  twa,  in  duo. 

ATOMIE,  s.  A  skeleton,  S. ;  evidently 
corr.  from  anatomy. 

ATOUR,  s.  Warlike' preparation.  Barbour. 
Fr.  atour,  attire. 

ATOUR,  Attoure,;^.  1.  Over,S.  Wcd- 
lace.  2.  Across,  S.  Wallace.  3.  Beyond, 
as  to  time;  exceeding.  Quon.  Attach. 
4.  Exceeding  in  number.  Wyntown.  5. 
In  spite  of;  as,  "  I'll  do  this  attour  ye  " — 
in  spite  of  you.  —  Fr.  a  tour,  en  tour,  au 
tour,  circum ;  or  Su.G.  at,  denoting  mo- 
tion towards  a  place,  and  oefwer,  over. 

ATOUR,  Attour,  adv.  1.  Moreover,  By 
and  attour,  id.  Laws,  S.  Pitscottie.  2. 
Out  from,  or  at  an  indefinite  distance 
from  the  person  speaking,  or  the  object 
spoken  of.  Douglas.  To  stand  attour, 
to  keep  off;  to  go  attour,  to  remove  to 
some  distance,  S. 

By  and  Attour,  prep.  Besides  ;  over  and 
above,  S.     Spa/dim/. 

ATRY,  Attrie,  adj.  1.  Purulent;  con- 
taining matter ;  applied  to  a  sore  that 
is  cankered,  S.  B.  Bruce.  2.  Stern  ; 
grim,  S.B. ;  attern,  fierce,  cruel,  snarling, 
Glouc.  V.Atir, Eatir.  Boss.  3. Peevish; 
fretful ;  an  atrie  wambliu,  a  fretful,  mis- 
grown  child. — Belg.  etter  ig,  full  of  matter; 
eiter-en,  to  suppurate. 

ATRYS,  s.  pi.  Perhaps  from  Fr.  atour,  a 
French  hood.    Watson's  Coll. 

ATRYST,  s.  Appointment;  assignation. 
Dunbar.     V.  Tryst. 

ATTAMIE,s.  A  skeleton,  S.  Abbreviated 
from  Fr.  anatomic 

To  ATTEICHE,  r.  a.  To  attach.  L.L. 
passim.    Acts  J  a.  VI. 

ATTEILLE,  Atteal,  Attile,  s.  Appa- 
rently the  wigeon ;  being  distinguished 
from  the  teed.  Acts  Ja.  VI.  Isl. t'mlld-r, 
turdus  marinus. 

ATTELED,  part.  pa.  Aimed.  Sir  Gawan 
and  Sir  Gal.    V.  Ettle. 

ATTEMPTAT,  s.  A  wicked  or  injurious 
enterprise.  Bellenden. — L.B.  aUemptat-io, 
nefaria  molitio,  scelus;  Gall,  attentat;  Du 

ATTEMPTING,  s.  Perpetration,  commis- 
sion, with  of  subjoined  ;  used  in  a  bad 
sense  ;  synon.  with  Attemptat.  ActsJa. 

To  ATTENE,  1:  n.  To  be  related  to.  Acts 
Ja.  VI.  V.  Affectioun.  Fr.  s'attenir  a, 
to  be  joined  in  consanguinity  with. 


ATTENTLIE,  adv.  Attentively.  Keith's 

ATTENTIK,  adj.  Authentic.    Aberd.  Reg. 

ATTER-C AP,  Attir-cop,  s.  1 .  A  spider,  S. 
Attercop, attercob,  id.  A.Bor.  Montgomery. 
2.  An  ill-natured  person  ;  one  of  a  viru- 
lent or  malignant  disposition,  S. — A.S.  at- 
tcr-coppe,  atter-coppa,  aranea,  from  otter, 
venenum,  and  coppe,  calix,  q.  "  a  cup  full 
of  venom";  like  Isl.  eitrorm,  a  serpent,  i.  e. 
"  a  poisonous  worm.'' 

ATTIR,  s.  Proud  flesh,  or  purulent  matter 
about  a  sore,  Aberd.;  the  same  with  Atir, 
q.  v.     Douglas. 

ATTIVILTS,  s.  Arable  ground  lying  one 
year  lea,  Shetl.  V.  Avil  and  Awat. 

ATTOUR,  prep.    V.  Atour. 

ATWA,  adv.     In  two,  Clydes. 

ATWEEL,  At  well,  adv.  Truly  ;  assur- 
edly ;  from  /  wat  weel ;  that  is,  I  wot 
well.  Boss.  It  is  sometimes  abbrev.  to 

ATWEEN, prep.  Between,  S.  V.Atweesii. 

ATWEESH,  prep.  1.  Betwixt;  between. 
2.  Denoting  the  possession  of  any  quality, 
or  relation  to  any  particular  state ;  in  a 
middling  way,  Aberd.  Atween  is  used  in 
the  same  sense.  Atween  the  twa,  id.,  as, 
"  How  are  ye  the  day  2" — "  Only  atween 
the  twa"  that  is,  only  so  so,  in  respect  of 
health,  S.  These  are  often  conjoined  ;  as, 
Ativeesh  and  atieeen,  so  so,  Aberd.  Franc. 
tuise,  entuischan  ;  Belg.  tuschen,  between. 
Home  Tooke  says,  that  E.  betwixt,  is 
the  imperative  be,  and  the  Gothic  (*.  e. 
Moes.G.)  twos,  or  two.   Divers.  ofPurley. 

AU,  inter],  1.  Used  like  E.  ha,  as  expressive 
of  surprise,  S.  Dan.  au,  oh,  expressive  of 
pain.  2.  As  augmenting  the  force  of  an 
affirmation  or  negation ;  as,  Au  aye,  O 
yes ;  Au  na,  0  no,  Aberd.  In  counties 
towards  the  south,  0  or  on  is  used  instead 
of  au. 

AVA',  adv.  1.  Of  all;  as  denoting  arrange- 
ment or  place,  in  connexion  with  first  or 
last,?,.  2.  At  all, S.  Ross.  Com  from  o/ 
or  of,  and  all. 

AVAIL,  Avale,  s.  1.  Worth  ;  value.  Acts 
Ja.  VI.  2.  Means  ;  property.  Stewart's 
Abridgm.  S.  Acts. 

AVAILL,s.  Abasement; humiliation.  Dun- 
bar.— Fr.  aval-er,  avall-er,  to  fall  down  ; 
aval,  en  descendant,  au  bas,  en  bas  ;  ad 
Tall-em.    Gl.  Roquefort. 

AVAILLOUR,s.  Value.  Fr.  valeur.  V. 

AVAL,  8.     The  same  with  Avil,  Dumfr. 

To  AUALE,  v.  n.  To  descend.  V.  Availl. 

To  AUALK,  v.  n.  To  watch.  Nicol  Burne. 
— A.S.  awaecc-an,  vigilare. 

AVALOUR,  s.  Avail.  Acts  Mary. 

To  AVANCE,  r.  a.  To  advance.  Keith  App. 
— Fr.  aranc-er,  id. 

AVANCEMENT,  s.  Advancement,  Fr. 
Acts  Ja.  VI. 



AVAND,  part.  pr.  Owing  ;  v  being  used 
for  w,  and  vice  versa.  Act.  Dom.  Cone. 

AUANT,  Awant,  .«.  Boast;  vaunt;  Chaucer, 
id.    Douglas. 

A  VANTAGE,  s.  V.  Evantage. 

AVANTCURRIER,  s.  One  of  the  forerun- 
ners of  an  army,  the  same,  perhaps,  that 
are  now  called  picquet-guards.  Godscroft. 
— Fr.  avautcoureur,  from  avant,  before, 
and  courir,  to  run. 

AUCHAN,  Achan,  s.  A  species  of  pear 
of  an  excellent  kind,  and  which  keeps 
well  ;  of  Scottish  origin.  Neill. 

AUCHINDORAS,  s.  A  large  thorn-tree  at 
the  end  of  a  house,  Fife. 

AUCHLET,  from  audit  eight,  and  lot  part, 
as  fir-(  fie  ird,  fourth)-/of  is  the  fourth  part 
of  a  boil.  At  two  pecks  to  the  stone,  the 
Auchlet  is  merely  the  half  of  the  firlot, 
or  the  audit  lot  or  portion  of  a  boll.  Suppt. 

AUCHLIT,  s.  Two  stones  weight,  or  a 
peck  measure,  being  half  of  the  Kirk- 
cudbright bushel,  Galloway.     l>ict. 

AUCHT,  Awcht,  (gutt.)  pret.  of  Aw.  1. 
Possessed.  Auht,  id.  R.  Brunne.  Wyn- 
town.  2.  Owed ;  was  indebted,  id.  R. 
Brunne.     Wyntown. 

AUCHT,  (gutt.)  v.  imp.  Ought ;  should. 
Douglas.  Auchten  occurs  in  the  same 
sense.  Douglas. — A.S.  aht-on,  the  third 
pers.  plur.  pret.  of  A.S.  ag-an,  possi- 

AUCHT,  .<;.  Possession;  property;  what  is 
exclusively  one's  own.  In  aw  my  audit,  in 
my  possession  ;  viewed  at  its  utmost  ex- 
tent, S.  Bannatyne  Poems. — A.S.  edit, 
Moes.G.  aigin,  aihn,  peculiaris  ac  propria 
possessio.     V.  Best  Aucht. 

Bad  Aught,  s.  A  bad  property  ;  applied 
to  an  obstinate,  ill-conditioned  child,  S. 

Bonny  Aught,  s.  A  phrase  applied  to  one 
contemptuously,  S.B.  Ross. 

To  AUCHT,  v.  a.  1.  To  own  ;  to  be  the 
owner  of,  Aberd.  2.  To  owe  ;  to  be  in- 
debted to ;  used  in  a  literal  sense.  This 
verb  is  evidently  used  in  two  different 
senses.     V.  Aigh  and  Aight. 

AUCHT,  part.  pa.     Owed. 

AUCHT,  (gutt.)  ad j.  Eight,  S.;  auhte,  O.E. 
id.  R.  Brunne.  Wyntown.— Moes.G.  aht- 
au,  A.S.  eaht-a,  Germ,  dht,  Belg.  adit,  Isl. 
and  Su.G.  att-a,  Gael,  ocht,  Lat.  oct-o. 

AUCHTAND,  Auchten,  adj.  The  eighth. 
Isl.  aatunde,  octavus.    Douqlas. 

AUCHTIGEN,  Auchtikin,  s.  The  eight 
part  of  a  barrel,  or  a  half  firkin,  Aberd. 
From  audit,  eight,  and  ken  or  kin,  the 
Teut.  termination  used  in  the  names  of 

AUCTARY,  s.  Increase  ;  augmentation. 
Craufurd's  Un iv. Edin. — Lat. auctari-um, 
advantage ;  overplus. 

AUCTENTY,  adj.    Authentic.  ActsJa.  V. 

AUDIE,  s.  A  careless  or  stupid  fellow.  Gl. 
Surv.  Nairn.  Probably  allied  to  Isl.  and, 
Su.G.  od,  off?,  Teut.  ond,  facilis,  inanis;  q. 



a  man  of  an  easy  disposition,  who  may  be 
turned  any  way. 
To  AVEY,  v.  n.    Perhaps  to  see  to  ;  to  at- 
tend to  ;  to  advocate.    Act.  Dom.  Cone. 
AVENAND,  adj.     Elegant  in  person  and 
manners.  Gaican  and  Gol. — Fr.  adcenant, 
avenant,  handsome  ;  also,  courteous. 
AVENTURE,  g.     1.  Chance  ;  accident.  2. 
Mischance.     V.   Aunter.     In   arenture, 
adv.    Lest ;  perchance.    Bellenden. — Fr. 
a  Vaventure,  d'arenture,  perchance. 
AVER,  Avir,  Aiver,  s.    1.  A  horse  used  for 
labour;  a  cart-horse,  S.   Bellenden.^  2.  An 
old  horse  ;  one  that  is  worn  out  with  la- 
bour, S.  Dunbar.  This,  although  now  the 
common    signification,  is    evidently   im- 
proper, from  the  epithet  auld  being  fre- 
quently conjoined.     3.  A  gelded  goat,  S. 
Stat.  Ace.  V.  Hebrux..— L.B. aferi,affri, 
jumenta  vel  cavalli  colonici ;  areria,  are- 
rii,  equi,  boves,  jumenta.    Du  Cange.    V. 
AVERENE.     Meaning    doubtful.       Expl. 
Perhaps  money  payable  for  the  entry  of 
oats  ;  from  aver,  oats. 
AVERIE,    s.     Live   stock,    as    including 
horses,  cattle,  &c.  V.  Aver,  etymon,  sense 
AVERIL,  g.    Apparently  a  diminutive  from 

aver,  a  beast  for  labour.    Dunbar. 
AVERILE,  Avyryle,  s.    April.    Wyntou-n. 
AVERIN,  Averen,  Aiverin,  g.   Cloudberry 
or  knoutberry,  S.    Rubus  chamaemorus, 
Linn.;  eaten  as  a  dessert  in  the  north  of 
S.  Boss. — Perhaps  from  Germ,  aver,  wild, 
and  en,  a  term  now  applied  in  Su.G.  to 
the  berry  of  the  juniper ;  Gael.  oieWrac, 
AVERTIT,  part.  pa.     Overturned.     Bel- 
lenden—Fr.  ecert-ir,  Lat.    evert-ere,    to 
AUFALD,  adj.    Honest.    V.  Afald. 
AUGHIMUTY,  Auchimuty,  adj.    Mean  ; 
paltry;  as,  an  auchimuty  body,  Loth.  Per- 
haps from  icac,  waac,  wacc,  weak,   and 
mod,  mind,  ?.  e.  weak-minded. 
AUGHT,  s.     Of  aught,  of  consequence  ;  of 
importance,  Ayrs.     Galfs  Ann.   of   the 
AV  GUT,  part.  pa.  Owed.  Act.  Dom.  Cone. 
AUGHTAND,  part.  pr.      Owing.      Acts 

Ch  a.  I. 
AVIL,  s.  The  second  crop  after  lea  or  grass, 

Galloway.    V.  Aw  at. 
AVILLOUS,  adj.    Contemptible  ;  debased. 
Chron.  Scot.  P. — Fr.  arili,  ie,m  contemp- 
tionem  adductus.    Diet.  Tree. 
AUISE,  s.    Advice;  counsel.    Avis,  Chau- 
cer; arys,  R.  Brunne;  Fr.  aris.   Douglas. 
AVYSE,  Awise,  s.   Manner;  fashion.  Dou- 
glas.— A.S.  msa,  wise,  Alem.  mils,  iiuisa, 
Belg.  wijse,  modes,  manner;  with  the  com- 
mon A.S.  prefix  a. 
To  AVISE,  v.  n.    To  deliberate  ;  to  advise. 
Keith's  Hist. — Fr.  aris-er,  to  consider,  to 
advise  of. 


AUISION,s.  Vision;  Chaucer,  id.  Douglas. 
— Fr. aeision, vision, fantaisie.  Gl. Roque- 
AUISMENT,  8.     Advice  ;  counsel.     Pari. 

Ja.  I. — Fr.  arisement,  id. 
AUKWART,  Awkwart,  prep.    Athwart ; 

across.    Wallace. 
AULD,?.  Age.  Abp.Hamiltoun. — A.S.aeld, 

senectus,  Moes.G.  aids,  aetas.    V.  Eild. 
AULD,  adj.     Old.     V.  Ald. 
AULD-AUNTIE,  g.     The  aunt  of  one's  fa- 
ther or  mother,  Clydes.  V.  Auld-father. 
AULD-FATHER,  a.  A  grandfather;  a  term 
used  by  some  in  the  west  of  S. — A.S.  eold- 
faeder,  Belg.  oud-radcr,  avus  ;  Dan.  olde- 
vader,  a  great-grandfather. 
AULDFARREN,  Auld-farrand,  adj.    Sa- 
gacious, S. ;  audfarand,  id.  A.Bor.  Ram- 
say.— Moes.G.  aid,  old,  and  Swed.  far-a, 
Germ,  far-en,  experiri ;  Svrei.faren,  Isl. 
farinn,  peritus ;  Belg.  aerraaren,  skilful. 
AULD-HEADIT,    adj.       Shrewd  ;    saga- 
cious, Clydes.     Syn.  Lanq-headit. 
AULD  LANGSYNE.      A' very  expressive 
phrase,  referring  to  days  that  are  long 
past,  S.    V.  under  Syne. 
AULD-MOU'D,   adj.     Sagacious    in   dis- 
course ;  sometimes  implying  the  idea  of 
craft,  S.B.     Ross. — From  auld,  old,  and 
mou'  or  mow,  the  mouth. 
AULD  SOOCH.     V.  under  Souch,  s. 
AULD  THIEF,  g.     One  of  the  designations 

given  to  the  devil.     Perils  of  Man. 
AULD  THREEP,  s.  A  superstition,  Dumf. 

V.  Threpe. 
AULD-UNCLE,  g.      The   uncle   of  one's 

father  or  mother,  Clydes. 
AULD-WARLD,  adj.  Antique ;  antiquated, 
S.  Ferguson. — From  auld,  old,  and  world, 
AULD  YEAR.  To  "wauke  the  auld  year 
'  into  the  neu-J  is  a  popular  and  expressive 
phrase  for  watching  until  twelve  o'clock 
announces  the  new  year,  when  people  are 
ready  at  their  neighbours'  houses,  with 
het  pints  and  buttered  cakes,  eagerly  wait- 
ing to  be  first-foot,  as  it  is  termed,  and  to 
regale  the  family  yet  in  bed.  Much  care 
is  taken,  that  the  persons  who  enter,  be 
what  are  called  sonsiefolh;  for  on  the  ad- 
mission of  the  first-foot  depends  the  pros- 
perity or  trouble  of  the  year."  CromeFs 
Nithsdale  Song.  V.  Het-pint. 
AULIN.  Scouii-aidin,  Dirty  Aulin,  the 
arctic  gull,  Orkn.  Loth.  Pennant.  V. 
Scouti- Aulin,  and  Skaitbird. 
AULNAGER, .«.  Apparently  a  legal  mea- 
surer of  cloth.  Acts  Ja.  VI. — From  Fr. 
aulnage,  measuring  with  an  ell,  aulne, 
L.B.  atna,  an  ell. 
AULTRAGES,  Aulterages,  The  emo- 
luments arising  from  the  offerings  made 
at  an  altar,  or  from  the  rents  appointed 
for  the  support  of  it.  Spotswood. — L.B. 
(dtarag-ium,  cdterag-inm,  obventio  altaris. 
Du  Came. 

A'UM  2 

AUMERIL,  s.  1.  One  who  has  little  un- 
derstanding or  method  in  his  conduct. 
2.  Often  applied  to  a  mongrel  dog  ;  per- 
haps from  his  having  no  steady  power  of 
instinct,  Selkirks. 

AUMERS,  s.  pi.    Embers.    V.  Ajieris. 

AUMOUS,  Aumis,  s.  An  alms,  S.  V. 

AUMRIE,  Awmrie,  ft  i  A  large  press  or 
cupboard,  where  food  and  utensils  for 
housekeeping  are  laid  up.  Heart  Mid- 
Loth. — Fr.  "aumoire,  a  cupboard, ambrie, 
almstub."  Cotgr. ;  aumonerie,  the  place  in 
monasteries  in  which  alms  were  deposited. 
In  O.E.  ambry  denoted  "  the  place  where 
the  arms,  plate,  vessels,  and  everything 
belonging  to  housekeeping  were  kept." 
V.  Almerie. 

Muckle  Aumrie,  s.  A  figurative  expres- 
sion applied  to  a  big,  stupid,  or  senseless 
person,  Mearns.  The  idea  seems  borrowed 
from  an  empty  press. 

To  AUNTER,  Awntyr,  t.  a.  To  hazard  ; 
to  put  into  the  power  of  accident.  Bar- 
bour.— Fr.  aventur-er,  risquer,  mettre  au 
hazard.  Diet.  Tree.  Aunter  is  used  by 
Chaucer  and  Gower  in  a  neuter  sense.  V. 
Anter,  r. 

AUNTER,  s.  Adventure ;  O.E.  antre,  R. 
Brunne.  Sir  Gairan  and  Sir  Gal. — Fr. 
arenture,  auenture,  abbreviated. 

AUNTERENS,  adv.  Perchance  ;  perad- 
venture,  Berwicks. 

AUNTEROUS,arf/\  Adventurous.  Gl.Sibb. 
— O.Fr.  arentureux, hasarde;  L.H.adrei)- 
tor-ius.    Gl.  Roquefort. 

To  AVOYD  of.  To  remove  from.  Lett. 
Q.  Mary,  Keith's  Hist. — Fr.  ruider,  to 
void,  to  evacuate. 

To  AVOKE,  r.  a.  To  call  away ;  to  keep 
off.     Lat.  aroc-are.    BaiUie. 

AVOUTERIE,  Advouterie,  t.  Adultery. 
Gl.  Sibb. — O.Fr.  aroutrie,  Ital.  arolteria, 
Lat.  adulter-ium,  Teut.  vouter-en,  forni- 
care,  camerare. 

AVOW,  Avowe,  s.  1.  A  vow;  used  in  the 
same  sense  by  Chaucer.  Douglas.  2.  Dis- 
covery, declaration  ;  in  modern  language, 
avowal.  Minstrelsy  Bord. — Fr.  acou-er, 
to  confess. 

To  AVOW,  r.  a.  To  devote  by  a  vow.  Bel- 

To  AVOW,  r.  n.     To  vow.   Bellenden. 

AUREATE,  Awreate,  adj.  Golden.  Dou- 
glas.   L.B.  cmreat-us. 

AUSKERRIE,  s.  A  scoop,  Shetl.  Sw.  oes- 
kar,  E.  scoop.  From  Su.G.  oes-a,  Dan.  oes- 
er,  Isl.  aus-a,  to  draw,  and  Su.G.  kar,  a 
vessel ;  literally,  aus-kerric  is  a  drawing 

AUSTERN,  Asterne,  Astren,  adj.  1. 
Having  an  austere  look.  2.  Having  a 
frightful  or  ghastly  appearance ;  like  a 
dying  person,  Roxb.  Selkirks. 

AUST IE,  adj.  Austere;  harsh.  Henrysone. 
— A.S.  ostige,  knotty,  from  osf,  Teut.  oest,  a 

I  AW  A 

knot,  properly  in  wood.  Lord  Hailes  and 
others  have  viewed  this  word  as  merely  a 
corr.  of  austere. 

AUSTROUS,  adj.  Frightful;  ghastly, 
Upper  Clydes.   Edin.Mag.,  May  1820. 

AUTENTYFE,  adj.  Authentic.  ColkelUe 

*  AUTHOR,  s.  1.  Ancestor;  predecessor; 
frequently  used  in  this  sense  in  our  old 
Acts.  2.  One  who  legally  transfers  pro- 
perty to  another;  a  forensic  term,  S.  Ersk. 
Inst.  3.  An  informer,  Aberd. ;  synon. 
with  Lat.  auctor,  a  reporter  or  teller. 

AUWIS-BORE,  s.  The  circular  vacuity 
left  in  a  piece  of  wood,  from  a  knot  com- 
ing out  of  it,  S.B.  Probably  the  same  as 
Elf-bore,  q~.  v. 

AUX-BIT,  fc  A  nick  in  the  form  of  the  let- 
ter V,  cut  out  of  the  hinder  part  of  a 
sheep's  ear,  Ayrs.  Back-bit,  synon.,  Clydes. 
Perhaps  from  Moes.G.  ansa,  the  ear,  aud 
Isl.  bit,  bite  or  cut. 

AW,  sometimes  to  be  viewed  as  the  third 
pers.  sing,  of  the  t.  ;  signifying  owed, 
ought.     WcUlaee. 

To  AW,  Awe,  r.  a.  To  owe,  S.  Wallace. 
— Isl.  aa,  atte,  debeo,  debuit ;  A.S.  ag, 
alite;  Su.G.  a;  Moes.G.  aih,  habeo,  im- 
perf.  aiht-a.     V.  Aigh,  Avcht. 

AW,  used  for  All,  S.  Bannatyne  P.  Wyth 
me,  withal.     Douglas. 

AWA,  adv.  1.  Away;  the  general  pro- 
nunciation in  S.  2.  In  a  swoon.  3.  In 
speaking  of  a  deceased  relation.  There 
is  a  peculiar  and  lovely  delicacy  in 
this  national  idiom.  When  one  cannot 
avoid  a  reference  to  the  departed,  in- 
stead of  mentioning  the  name,  or  specify- 
ing the  particular  tie,  as  if  it  were  meant 
to  prevent  any  unnecessary  excitement  of 
feeling,  either  in  the  speaker  or  in  the 
hearer,  or  as  if  naming  the  person  were  a 
kind  of  profanation  of  the  hallowed  silence 
of  the  tomb,  or  as  if  the  most  distant 
allusion  were  more  than  enough, — it  is 
usual  to  speak  of  them  that's  awa ;  the 
plural  being  most  commonly  used,  as  if 
the  beloved  object  were  removed  to  a 
still  more  respectful  distance,  than  by  a 
more  familiar  use  of  the  singular. 

AWA'  P  THE  HEAD.  Deranged  ;  be- 
side one's  self,  Roxb.  Syn.  By  Hmsell, 
by  hersell. 

To  AWAIL,  Awal,  v.  a.  1.  To  let  fall. 
Barbour.  2.  To  descend ;  used  in  a  neuter 
sense.  Wallace.  3.  To  fall  backward, 
or  tumble  down  hill,  Roxb.  Clydes.  Gl. 
Sibb. — Fr.  aral-er,  to  go,  or  fall,  down  ; 
also,  to  let  fall;  Teut.  af-rall-en,  decidere; 
>if- rat,  casus ;  Su.G.  afal,  ctfal,  lapsus. 

AWAIL,  Awaill,  s.  Advantage ;  superi- 
ority.    Wcdlace. 

To  AWAILL,  Awailye,  t.  v.  To  avail. 

AWAL,  Awald,  s.  A  term  applied  to  a 
field  lying  the  second  year  without  being 




ploughed  ;  lea  of  the  second  year,  that 
has  not  been  sowed  with  artificial  grasses, 

AWALD,  adj.  Belonging  to  the  second 
crop  after  lea,  S. 

AWALD-CRAP,  s.  The  second  crop  after 
lea,  Ayrs.  Aewall,  Clydes.;  ami,  Gallo- 
way; aicat,  more  commonly  award,  An- 
gus.    V.  Award-Crap. 

AWAL-INFIELD,  g.  The  second  crop 
after  bear.   Surr.  Banff's. 

AWAL-LAND,  s.  Ground  under  a  second 
crop,  Banffs. 

A  WALL  AITS.  The  second  crop  of  oats 
after  grass,  Mearns.     V.  Awat. 

AWALD  or  A  WALT  SHEEP.  One  that 
has  fallen  on  its  back,  and  cannot  recover 
itself.  If  not  raised,  it  sickens,  swells, 
and  dies,  Roxb.     Gl.  Sibb.     V.  Awail. 

AWALD,  Awalt,  part.  adj.  In  a  supine 
state  ;  lying  on  the  back,  S. 

To  Fa'  Awalt.  To  fall,  without  the  power 
of  getting  up  again  ;  originally  applied  to 
a  sheep,  hence  to  a  person  intoxicated  ; 
hence  the  phrase,  to  roll  awald,  S.A. 

To  Die  Awald.  To  die  in  a  supine  state. 

To  AWANCE,  r.  a.  To  advance.  Wallace. 
— Fr.  avanc-er,  id. 

To  AWANT,  v.  a.  To  boast.   Douglas. 

AWARD-CRAP,  s.  A  crop  of  corn  after 
several  others  in  succession  ;  hence  called 
award,  or  awkward  crops.  Agr.  Sure. 

AWART,  adv.  A  sheep  is  said  to  lie  aivart, 
when  it  has  fallen  on  its  back  in  such  a 
situation  that  it  cannot  rise  again,  Roxb. 
Synon.  Await,  q.  v. 

A-WASTLE,  prep.  To  the  westward  of; 
figuratively,  distant  from,  Ettr.  For. 

AWAT,  s.  Ground  ploughed  after  the  first 
crop  from  lea.  The  crop  produced  is 
called  the  awat-crap;  also  pronounced 
award.  Ang.  aril;  Galloway,  aewall ; 
Clydes.  id. — A.S.  afed,  pastus,  af-at,  de- 
pastus  ;  or,  Su.G.  awat,  a/at,  deficiens ; 
or  perhaps  from  af-val,  diminution,  as  the 
same  with  Awalt,  q.  v. 

AWA  WARD,  s.  The  vanguard.  Barbour. 
Fr.  avant-garde. 

AWAY.  This  word  seems  to  have  been 
used  occasionally  as  a  verb.  Barbour. — 
A.S.  aweg,  away,  may  be  viewed  as  the 
imperat.  of  aicaeg-an,  to  take  away,  or, 
awegg-an,  to  depart. 

A  WAYDRAWING,  g.  The  act  of  drawing 
off,  or  turning  aside  ;  applied  to  a  stream 
of  water.  Act.  Bom.  Cone. 

AWAYMENTIS,  s.  pi.  Consultations,  Gl. 
Perhaps  preparations,  or  preliminaries. 
Wyntown. — Perhaps  from  O.Fr.  aroy-er, 
to  put  in  train;  aroyment,  enquete',  ou- 
verture;  de  via.     Gl.  Roquefort. 

AWAY-PUTTING,  g.  The  complete  re- 
moval of  anything,  of  that  especially 
which  is  offensive  or  noxious.  Acts  Ja. VI. 

AWAY-TAKEN,  part.  pa.  Carried  off; 
removed.    Acts  Cha.  II. 

AWAY-TAKAR,  g.  The  person  who  re- 
moves or  carries  away.    Acts  Mary. 

AWAY-TAKING,  s.  Removal ;  act  of 
carrying  off.    Balfour's  Pract. 

To  AWBAND,  b.  a.  To  bind  with  an  Awe- 
band,  Lanarks. 

AWB YRCHO WNE,  Awbercheoun,  s.  The 
habergeon,  or  breastplate.  Wyntown. — 
Franc,  halsberge,  Isl.  halsbeorg,  collare 
chalybeum;  from  hols,  the  neck,  and  berga, 
to  defend;  Fr.  haubergeon;  L.B.  halber- 

AWBLASTER,  s.  1.  A  crossbow-man;  al- 
blastere, and  arb!ast,O.E.  Barbour.  2.  The 
crossbow  itself;  Fr.  arbaleste.  Wallace. 
— Fr.  arbelestier,  L.B.  arcubalista,  arba- 

AW-BUND,  Aw-bun',  adj.  Not  at  liberty 
to  act  as  one  would  wish  ;  restricted  by  a 
superior,  Roxb.  V.  Aweband.  Or  it  may 
be  compounded  of  awe  and  bund,  E. 

To  AWCHT,  Aucht,  Aught,  v.  a.  To  owe. 
Peblis  to  the  Play.     V.  Aw. 

AWCY,  .«.  Perhaps  pain ;  torment.  Sir 
Gaican  and  Sir  Gal.  A.S.  ace,  aece, 

AWEBAND,  Awband,  s.  1.  A  band  for 
tying  black  cattle  to  the  stake  ;  consist- 
ing of  a  rope  on  one  side,  and  a  piece  of 
wood,  shaped  like  a  hame-blade,  or  the 
half  of  a  horse's  collar,  on  the  other.  It 
keeps  in  order  the  more  unruly  animals, 
and  prevents  them  from  throwing  their 
heads  from  one  side  of  the  stake  to  the 
other  ;  Loth.  Lanarks.  2.  A  check,  a  re- 
straint. Bellenden.  3.  Used  in  a  moral 
sense,  to  denote  what  inspires  respect 
and  reverence ;  what  curbs  and  checks, 
or  prevents  a  man  from  doing  things  in 
which  he  might  otherwise  indulge  him- 
self, S. — Perhaps  from  Dan.  aag,  a  yoke, 
and  band  ;  q.  the  band  by  which  the  yoke 
is  fastened. 

AWEDE,  adj.  In  a  state  approaching  to 
insanity.  Sir  Tristrem. —  A.S.  awed-an, 
awocd-an,  insanire. 

AWEEL,  adv.    Well.     Guy  Mannering. 

To  AWENT,  r.  a.  To  cool  or  refresh  by 
exposing  to  the  air.  Barbour.  —  A.S. 
awynd-wian,  ventilare,  from  wind,  ven- 

AWERTY,  Auerty,  adj.  Cautious  ;  expe- 
rienced; a uerty.  R.  Brunne.  Barbour. — 
Fr.  avert  i,  warned,  advertised. 

AWFALL,«(7/.  Honest; upright.  V.Afald. 

AWFULL,  Awfu',  adj.  Implying  the  idea 
of  what  is  very  great ;  excessive ;  used 
generally  in  a  bad  sense,  S. 

A'WHERE,ar?r.  Everywhere,  S.A'wheres, 
Ettr.  For.     Syn.  A/quhare. 

A  WIN,  Awy.v,  Awne,  adj.  Own  ;  proper, 
S.  awne;  Gl.  Yorks.,  id.  This  is  the  com- 
mon pron.  of  the  south  of  S. ;  in  other 


parts,  ain.  Wallace.  —  Moes.G.  aigin, 
aihn,  proprius,  A.S.  agen,  Germ,  eh/hen, 
Belg.  eyghen,  Su.G.  egen,  id.,  from  their 
respective  verbs  denoting  right  or  pro- 

AWINGIS,s.^.  Arrears  ;  debts.  "  Dettis, 
aicingis,  comptes."  Aberd.  Reg. 

A  WISE,  s.     Manner ;  fashion.  *  V.  Avyse. 

AWISE,  Awysee,  adj.  Prudent ;  conside- 
rate; cautious.  Barbour. — Fr.  acise,  pru- 
dens,  cautus,  consideratus ;  deduced  in 
Diet.  Trev.  from  Goth,  wis- an,  A.S.  vis-an, 
with  ad.  prefixed,  L.B.  avisare. 

AWISELY,  adv.  Prudently;  circumspect- 
ly.    Barbour. 

AWISS,s.     Potashes.  Aberd.  Beg. 

AWITTINS.  Used  in  conjunction  with  me, 
him,  her,  &c,  as  denoting  what  is  without 
the  privacy  of  the  person  referred  to  ; 
unwitting,  Dumfr.  The  pronoun  may  either 
be  viewed  as  in  the  dative,  as,  unwitting 
to  me,  or  in  the  ablative  absolute,  as,  me 

AWKIR,  8.  To  ding  to  aickir,  to  dash  to 
pieces,  Aberd.     Perhaps  from  E.  ochre. 

AWM,  s.     Alum,  S. 

To  AWM,  v.  a.  To  dress  skins  with  alum,  S. 

AWM'T  LEATHER.  White  leather. 

AWMON,Hewmon,s.   A  helmet.    Gl.Sibb. 

AWMOUS,  s.  A  cap  or  cowl ;  a  covering 
for  the  head  ;  printed  amotions.  Houlate 
MS. — L.B.  almuc-ia,  O.Fr.  aumusse,  from 
Germ,  mutze,  S.  mutch,  q.  v.  If  it  should 
be  read  awmons,  it  may  refer  to  a  helmet. 
V.  Aumon. 

AWMOUS,  s.  Alms,  S.  The  Antiquary. 
V.  Almous. 

AWMOUS-DISH,  s.  The  wooden  dish  in 
which  mendicants  receive  their  alms,  when 
given  in  meat.     Burns. 

AWNER,  Awnar,  s.  An  owner;  a  proprie- 
tor. Hamilton n's  Cat.  ColkelbieSow. — A.S. 
agn-ian,  aegn-ian,  ahn-ian,  possidere. 

AWNS,  The  beards  of  corn,  S.  Aries, 
Prov.E.  Bar  awns,  the  beards  of  barley. 
Ang.  Perths. — Moes.G.  ahana,  Su.G.  agn, 
Gr.  ax**,  «-x»v»  chaff;  Alem.  agena,  id. ; 
also,  a  shoot  or  stalk. 

AWNED,  Awnit,  adj.  Having  beards  ; 
applied  to  grain,  S. 

AWNY,arf/.   Bearded,  S.   Pichn's  Poems. 

AWNIE,  adj.  Bearded,  S.  Burns.  V. 

AWO'NT, part.  adj.  Accustomed  to.  Aberd. 
Beg. — A.S.  awun-ian,  accustomed  to. 

AWORTH,    adv.     "Worthily."      Tytler. 

25  BAA 

King's  Quair. — A.S.  awyrth-ian,  glorifi- 

AWOUNDERIT,  part.  pa.  Surprised  ; 
struck  with  wonder.     Douglas. 

AWOVIT,  fret.     Avowed.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 

To  AWOW,  v.  n.     To  vow.     Pitscottie. 

A  WOW,  inter/.  Equivalent  to  Alas,  S.B. ; 
also  to  Ewhow.  Bock  and  Wee  Pickle 

AWP,  Whaup,  s.  The  curlew,  a  bird,  S. 
67.  Sibb.     V.  Quhaip. 

AWRANGOUS,  adj.  Felonious;  «  An>- 
rangous  away  taking."     Aberd.  Beg. 

AWRO,  Probably  a  wro,  a  corner.  Gl. 
Complaynt  S. — Su.G.  wra,  pron.  wro,  an- 

AWS,  Awes  of  a  mill-wheel,  s.  The  buckets 
or  projections  on  the  rims  which  receive 
the  shock  of  the  water  as  it  falls,  S. 
Statist.  Ace. 

AWS  of  a  Windmill.  The  sails  or  shafts 
on  which  the  wind  acts,  Aberd. 

AWSK,  s.     The  newt  or  eft.     V.  Ask. 

AWSOME,  Awesome,  adj.  1.  Appalling; 
awful ;  causing  terror.  Butherford.  The 
Antiquary.  2.  Exciting  terror  ;  as  sup- 
posed to  possess  preternatural  power. 
3.  Expressive  of  terror.  Guy  Manner- 
■in  i/. 

AWSTRENE,  adj.  Stern  ;  austere.  Hen- 
rysone.  V.  Asterne. — Lat.  auster-us,  or 
A.S.  styrii. 

AWTAYNE,  adj.  Haughty.  Wyntown.— 
O.Fr.  hautain,  grand,  sublime,  eleve.  Gl. 
Roquefort.     From  Lat.  a/t-us. 

AWTE,  s.  1.  The  direction  in  which  a  stone, 
a  piece  of  wood,  &c.  splits  ;  the  grain, 
Aberd.  2.  Used,  but  perhaps  improperly, 
for  a  flaw  in  a  stone.  Gl.  Surv.  Nairn  and 

AWTER,  s.  An  altar.  Chaucer,  id.  O.Fr. 
autiere,  Lat.  altare.     Barbour. 

To  AX,  r.  a.  To  ask,  S.  Asched,  axede, 
asked.  R.  Glouc.  Buddiman. — A.S.  ahs- 
ian,  ax-ian,  interrogare. 

AXIS,  Acksys,  s.  pi.  Aches;  pains.  Axes, 
id.,  Orkn.  King's  Quair. — A.S.  aece,  do- 
lor ;  egesa,  horror;  Moes.G.  agis,  terror. 
Hence,  E.  ague. 

AX-TREE,  s.'  An  axle-tree,  S—  A.S.  ear, 
ex;  Alem.  ahsa;  Germ,  achse,  axis  ;  per- 
haps from  Isl.  ak-a,  to  drive  a  chariot  or 
dray.    G.  Andr. 

AYONT,  prep.  Beyond,  S.  Boss.— A.S. 
geond,  ultra,  with  a  prefixed  ;  or  on,  as 
afield,  originally  on  field. 


To  BAA,  r.  n.    1.  To  cry  as  a  calf,  Ettr.  For. 

Hogg.  2.  To  bleat  as  a  sheep,  Ayrs.   Gait. 
BAA,  s.     The  cry  of  a  calf ;  the  bleat  of  a 

sheep.  V.  Bae. 

BAA,  s.  A  rock  in  the  sea  seen  at  low 
water.  Edmons.  Zetl.  Norw.  boe, "  a  bot- 
tom, or  bank  in  the  sea,  on  which  the 
waves  break."    Hallaqer. 




BAACH,«r//.  Ungrateful  to  the  taste.  V. 

BAB,  s.  1.  A  nosegay,  or  bunch  of  flowers, 
Pickets  Poems.  2.  A  tassel,  or  a  knot  of 
ribbons,  or  the  loose  ends  of  such  a  knot, 
Fife;  whence  the  compounds  Lny-bab  and 
Wooer-bab,  q.  t.  3.  Applied  to  a  cockade, 
S.  "  A  cockit  hat  with  a  bab  of  blue  rib- 
bands at  it."    Old  Mortality. 

To  BAB,  v.  n.  1.  To  play  backwards  and 
forwards  loosely,  S.;  synon.  with  E.  Bob. 
2.  To  dance,  Fife.  Hence  Bab  at  the 
boicster,  or  Bab  ici'  the  bowster,  a  very  old 
Scottish  dance,  formerly  the  last  dance 
at  weddings  and  merrymakings. 

To  BAB,  p.  a.  To  close  ;  to  shut,  Ayrs. 

To  BABBIS,  r.  a.  1.  To  scoff  ;  to  gibe.  2. 
To  browbeat,  Ayrs.  From  the  same  origin 
with  Bob,  a  taunt,  q.  v. 

BABY,  s.   Abbrev.  of  the  name  Barbara,  S. 

BABIE,  Bawbie,  Bawbee,  s.  A  copper 
coin  equal  to  a  halfpenny  English,  S. 
Knox.  The  following  curious  tradition, 
with  regard  to  the  origin  of  this  term,  is 
still  current  in  Fife  : — "  When  one  of  the 
infant  kings  of  Scotland,  of  great  expec- 
tation, was  shown  to  the  public,  for  the 
preservation  of  order  the  price  of  admis- 
sion was  in  proportion  to  the  rank  of  the 
visitant.  The  eyes  of  the  superior  classes 
being  feasted,  their  retainers  and  the  mo- 
bility were  admitted  at  the  rate  of  six 
pennies  each.  Hence  this  piece  of  money 
being  the  price  of  seeing  the  royal  Babic, 
it  received  the  name  of  Babie" — Fr.  bas- 
piece,  base  or  billon  money. 

BABIE-PICKLE,  s.  The  small  grain  (the 
Babie)  which  lies  in  the  bosom  of  a 
larger  one,  at  the  top  of  a  stalk  of  oats,  S. 
V.  Pickle. 

BABTYM,  s.  Baptism.  "  Baptym  and 
mareage."  Aberd.  Bey.  Corr.  from  Fr. 

BACCALAWREATT,  s.  The  degree  of 
Bachelor  in  a  university,  or  Master  of 
Arts.     Arts.  Oi.  I. 

BACHELAR,?.  A  bachelor  in  Arts.  Crauf. 
Hist.  Unw.  Edin. 

BACHILLE,  s.  A  pendicle,  or  spot  of 
arable  ground,  Fife.  Lamont's  Diary. 
— O.Fr.  baclde  denoted  as  much  ground 
as  twenty  oxen  could  labour  in  one  hour. 

BACHLANE,  part.  pr.  Shambling.  V. 

To  BACHLE,  v.  a.  To  distort  ;  to  vilify. 
V.  Bauchle,  r.  a. 

To  BACHLE,  v.  n.  To  shamble,  &c.  V. 
Bauchle,  r.  n. 

BACHLEIT,  part.  pa.  A  particular  mode 
of  exposing  to  sale. — Perhaps  from  Fr. 
baecol-er, "  to  lift  or  heave  often  up  and 
downe."     Cotgr. 

BACHRAM,?.  A  bach-am  o'  dirt,  an  ad- 
hesive spot  of  filth  ;  what  has  dropped 

from  a  cow  on  a  hard  spot  of  ground, 
Dunrfr.  Gael,  buachar,  cow-dung.  V. 

BACK,  s.  An  instrument  for  toasting  bread 
above  the  fire,  made  of  pot-metal,  S. — 
Germ,  backen,  to  bake.  Yorks.  back-stane, 
"  a  stone  or  iron  to  bake  cakes  on." 

BACK,  s.  A  large  vat  used  by  brewers  and 
others  for  cooling  liquors,  S. — Teut.  back, 
Belg.  bak,  a  trough. 

BACK,  Backing,  8.  A  body  of  followers, 
or  supporters,  S.  BaiUie.  From  A.S.  bac, 
baec,  Su.G.  bak,  tergum. 

A  Strong  Back,  8.  A  large  body  of  fol- 

A  Thin  Back,  s.  A  small  party  of  fol- 
lowers.    Gathry's  Mem. 

BACK, .«.  The  hinder  part  of  the  body  ; 
the  outer  part  of  the  hand  or  body,  or  of 
anything  ;  the  rear. 

*  BACK,  8.  1.  The  back  of  my  hand  toyon, 
I  will  have  nothing  to  do  with  you  ;  ad- 
dressed to  one  whose  conduct  or  opinions 
we  dislike.  2.  The  back  is  said  to  be  it/>, 
or  set  tip,  as  expressive  of  anger,  as,  "  His 
back  was  up  in  a  moment." 

BACK,  adv.  Behind  ;  toward  things  past  ; 
whence  one  came  ;  backwards. 

BACK  AT  THE  WA\  Unfortunate;  in 
trouble.  One's  back  is  said  to  be  at  the 
«•«'  when  one  is  in  an  unfortunate  state 
in  whatever  respect. 

To  BACK  (a  letter.)  To  write  the  direc- 
tion on  a  letter ;  frequently  applied  to 
the  mere  manual  performance,  as,  "  A  n 
Ul-backit  letter,"  one  with  the  direction  ill 
written,  S. 

BACK, .«.  Applied  to  one  who  has  changed 
his  mode  of  living  ;  as,  "  He 's  the  back  of 
an  auld  farmer,"  he  was  once  a  farmer. 

BACK,  8.  A  wooden  trough  for  carrying 
fuel  or  ashes,  Roxb.  The  same  with 
Backet,  q.  v.     Rob  Roy. 

BACK  and  FORE.  Backwards  and  for- 
wards, S. 

BACKBAND,  Bakband,  s.  A  bond  or  ob- 
ligation, in  which  one  person  engages  that 
another  shall  receive  no  injury  at  law  in 
consequence  of  a  disposition,  or  any  simi- 
lar deed,  which  the  latter  has  made  in 
favour  of  the  former  ;  a  bond  which  vir- 
tually nullifies  a  former  one  that  has  been 
entered  into  to  serve  a  special  purpose,  S. 
Acts  Cha.  I. 

BACK-BIRN,  s.  A  back-burthen  ;  a  load 
on  the  back.     Ross. 

BACK-BIT,  g.  A  nick  on  the  back  part  of 
a  sheep's  ear;  the  same  with  Aux-Bit,  q.  v. 

BACK-BREAD,  s.  A  kneading-trough,  S. 
Belg.  bak,  id. 

BACK-CAST,  s.  1.  A  relapse  into  trouble  ; 
or  something  that  retards  the  patient's 
recovery.  2.  A  misfortune  ;  something 
which,  as  it  were,  throtcs  one  back  from  a 
state  of  prosperity  into  adversity,  S.  Tales 
of  My  Landlord. 



BACK-CAST,  adj.  Retrospective.  Tama- 

BACKCAW,  s.  The  same  as  backcast,  S. 
Only  the  Latter  is  formed  by  means  of 
the  v.  cast,  the  other  by  that  of  caw,  q.  v. 

BACKCHALES,  s.  pi.  Meaning  doubtful. 
Perhaps  the  same  as  Back-fear,  q.  v. 

BACK-COME,  Back-coming,  s.  Return. 

To  BACK-COME, r.n.  Toreturn.  Spalding. 

BACK-DOOR-TROT,  ?.  The  diarrhcea. 
Fn-gae-by,  synon. 

BACKDRAUGHT,  s.  1.  The  act  of  inspi- 
ration in  breathing.  2.  The  convulsive 
inspiration  of  a  child  in  the  hooping- 
cough,  during  a  fit  of  the  disease,  S. 

BACK-DRAWER,  s.  An  apostate  ;  one 
who  recedes  from  his  former  profession  or 
course.     Ml  Ward's  Contendings. 

BACKE,  s.  The  bat.  V.  Bak,  Ba'ckie-bird. 

BACK-END  0'  HAIRST,  s.  The  latter 
part  of  harvest,  S. 

BACKEND  0'  THE  YEAR.  The  latter 
part  of  the  year,  S.  Trials  ofM.  Lyndsay. 

BACK-END,  s.  An  ellipsis  of  the  preceding 
phrase.     V.  Fore-end. 

BACKET,  8.  1.  A  square,  wooden  trough, 
used  for  carrying  coals,  or  ashes,  S. ;  called 
also  Coal-backet,  Aiss-backet,  S.  2.  A 
trough  for  carrying  lime  and  mortar  to 
masons,  Fife,  Loth.  3.  A  small  wooden 
trough,  of  an  oblong  form,  with  a  sloping 
lid,  (resembling  the  roof  of  a  house,)  fas- 
tened by  leathern  bands,  kept  at  the  side 
of  the  fire  to  keep  the  salt  dry.  It  is 
generally  called  the  Saut-baeket.  Dimin. 
from  Teut.  back,  linter  ;  Belg.  bak,  a 
trough. — Fr.  bacquet,  a  small  and  shallow 

B  ACKET-ST  ANE,  s.  A  stone  at  the  kitchen 
fire-side  for  the  Sant-backet.  Duff's  Poems. 

BACKFA',  s.  The  side-sluice  or  outlet  of 
a  mill-lead,  or  mill-dam,  near  the  breast 
of  the  water-wheel,  and  through  which 
the  water  runs  when  the  mill  is  set,  or 
when  the  water  is  turned  off  the  wheel, 

BACK-FEAR,  s.  An  object  of  terror  from 
behind.     Pitscottie.  V.  Backchales. 

BACK-FRIEND,  8.  1.  One  who  supports 
another  ;  an  abettor.  Bruce's  Lectures. 
In  E.  the  sense  is  directly  opposite.  John- 
son defines  it  "  an  enemy  in  secret."  2. 
Metaph.  a  place  of  strength  behind  an 
army.     Monro's  Exped. 

BACK-FU',  «.  As  much  as  can  be  carried 
on  the  back,  S. 

BACKGAIN,  8.  A  decline  ;  a  consump- 
tion, S. 

BACKGAIN,  Back-Ga'en,  adj.  From  the 
adv.  back,  and  r.  gae,  to  go.  1.  Receding  ; 
a  backga'in  tide,  a  tide  in  the  state  of  ebb- 
ing. 2.  Declining  in  health;  as,  a  back- 
ga'in bairn,  a  child  in  a  decaying  state. 
3.  Declining  in  worldly  circumstances  ; 
as,  a  backga'in  family,  a  family  not  thriv- 


ing  in  temporal  concerns,  but  going  to  de- 
cay, S. 

BACKGANE,  part.  a.  Ill-grown  ;  as,  a 
backgane  geit,  an  ill-grown  child,  S. 

BACKGATE,  .«.  1.  An  entry  to  a  house, 
court,  or  area,  from  behind.  2.  A  road 
or  way  that  leads  behind.  3.  Used  in  re- 
gard to  conduct ;  "  Ye  talc  aye  backgates," 
you  never  act  openly,  but  still  use  cir- 
cuitous or  shuffling  modes,  S.  4.  It  also 
signifies  a  course  directly  immoral,  S. 

BACK-HALF,  s.  The  worst  half  of  any- 
thing. To  be  icorn  to  the  back-half,  to 
be  nearly  worn  out,  Lanarks. 

To  BACK-HAP,  r.  n.  To  draw  back  from 
an  agreement  ;  to  resile,  Aberd. 

BACKINGS,  s.  pi.  Refuse  of  wool  or  flax, 
or  what  is  left  after  dressing  it,  used  for 
coarser  stuffs,  S.  Statist.  Ace. — Swed. 
bakla  fin,  to  dress  flax. 

BACKIN'-TURF,  s.  A  turf  laid  on  a  low 
cottage-fire  at  bed-time,  as  a  back,  to  keep 
it  alive  till  morning ;  or  one  placed  against 
the  hud,  in  putting  on  a  new  turf-fire, 
to  support  the  side  turfs,  Teviotd. 

BACK- JAR,  «.  1.  A  sly,  ill-natured  objec- 
tion or  opposition.  2.  An  artful  evasion, 

BACKLINS,  adv.  Backwards  ;  as,  To  gae 
back/it/s;  to  go  with  the  face  turned  op- 
posite to  the  course  one  takes,  S.  V.  the 
termination  Lingis. 

BACK-LOOK,  s.  1.  Retrospective  view; 
used  literally.  2.  A  review  ;  denoting  the 
act  of  the  mind.    Walker's  Peden. 

BACKMAN,  Bakman,  s.  A  follower  in 
war;  sometimes  equivalent  to  E.  hench- 
man, S.A.    Hogg. 

BACK-OWRE,  adv.  Behind  ;  a  consider- 
able way  back,  S. 

BACK-RAPE,  s.  The  band  that  goes  over 
the  back  of  a  horse  in  the  plough,  to  sup- 
port the  thcets  or  traces,  Clydes. 

BACK-RENT,  s.  A  mode  of  appointing  the 
rent  of  a  farm,  by  which  the  tenant  was 
always  three  terms  in  arrears,  Berw. 

BACKS,  ?.  pi.  The  outer  boards  of  a  tree 
when  sawed,  S.B. 

BACK-SEY,  8.  The  sirloin  of  beef.  V.  Sey. 

BACK-SET,  s.  1.  A  check  ;  anything  that 
prevents  growth  or  vegetation,  S.  2. 
Whatsoever  causes  a  relapse,  or  throws 
one  back  in  any  course,  S.  Wodrou: — 
E.  back  and  set. 

BACKSET,  8.  A  sub-lease,  restoring  the 
possession,  on  certain  conditions,  to  some 
of  those  who  were  primarily  interested  in 
it.  Spalding. 

BACKSET,  part  pa.  Wearied  ;  fatigued. 

BACKSIDE,  s.  1.  The  area,  plot,  and 
garden  behind  the  house.  2.  Backsides, 
in  Mearns,  denotes  all  the  ground  be- 
tween a  town  on  the  sea-coast  and  the 
sea.  3.  The  more  private  entrances  into 
a  town  by  the  back  of  it,  Ayrs. 


BACKSPANG,  s.  A  trick,  or  legal  quirk, 
by  which  one  takes  the  advantage  of  an- 
other, after  everything  seemed  to  have 
been  settled  in  a  bargain,  S. — Back  and 
spang,  to  spring. 

BACKSPARE,  s.  Backspace  of  breeches  ; 
the  cleft,  S.     V.  Spare. 

BACK-SPAULD,  s.  The  hinder  part  of  the 
shoulder.  The  Pirate. 

To  BACK-SPE1R,  r.  a.  1.  To  trace  are- 
port  as  far  back  as  possible,  S.  2.  To  cross- 
question,  S.    Back  and  speir,  to  examine. 

BACK-SPEIRER,  Back-Spearer,  s.  A 
cross-examinator,  S.    Cfeland. 

BACKSPRENT,  s.  1.  The  back-bone,  S. 
from  back,  and  S.  sprent,  a  spring  ;  in  al- 
lusion to  the  elastic  power  of  the  spine. 
2.  The  spring  of  a  reel  for  winding  yarn 
to  reckon  how  much  is  reeled.  3.  The 
spring  or  catch  which  falls  down  and 
enters  the  lock  of  a  chest.  4 .  The  spring 
in  the  back  of  a  clasp-knife,  S. 

BACKTACK,  Backtake,  s.  A  deed  by 
which  a  wadsetter,  instead  of  himself  pos- 
sessing the  lands  which  he  has  in  wadset, 
gives  a  lease  of  them  to  the  reverser,  to 
continue  in  force  till  they  are  redeemed, 
on  condition  of  the  payment  of  the  in- 
terest of  the  wadset  sum  as  rent.  LL.  S. 
Acts  Cha.  I. 

BACK-TREAD,  s.  Retrogression. 

BACK-TREES,  s.  The  joists  in  a  cot- 
house,  &c,  Roxb. 

BACK-WATER,  s.  The  water  in  a  mill- 
race  which  is  gorged  up  by  ice,  or  from 
the  swelling  of  the  river  below,  and  can- 
not get  off.  When  it  can  easily  get  away 
it  is  called  Tail  water. 

BACKWIDDIE,  Backwoodie,  s.  The  band 
or  chain  over  the  cart-saddle  which  sup- 
ports the  shafts  of  the  cart,  S.B.;  q.  the 
withy  that  crosses  the  back.  Synou.  Rig- 

BAD  BREAD.  To  be  in  bad  bread.  To  be 
in  a  state  of  poverty  or  danger. 

BADDERLOCK,  Badderlocks,s.  A  spe- 
cies of  eatable  fucus,  S.     Lightfoot. 

BADDOCK,  s.  Apparently  the  coal-fish,  or 
Gadus  carbonarius,  Aberd.  The  fry  of 
the  coal-fish.     Statist.  Ace. 

BADDORDS,  Low  raillery  ;  vulgarly 
bathers.    Boss.     Corr.  of  bad  words. 

BADE,  pret.  of  Bide,  q.  v. 

BADE,  Baid,  s.  1.  Delay,  tarrying.  But 
bade,  without  delay.  Wallace.  2.  Place 
of  residence,  abode.     Sibbald. 

BADGE,  s.  A  large,  ill-shaped  burden, 
Selkirks. —  Isl.  bagge,  baggi,  onus,  sar- 

To  BADGER,  v.  a.  To  beat;  as,  "  Bad,,,  r 
the  loon,"  beat  the  rascal,  Fife. 

BADGER-REESHIL,  s.  A  severe  blow. 
V.  Reissil,  and  Beat  the  Badger. 

BADGIE,  s.  Cognizance;  armorial  bearing. 
V.  Bavgie. 


BADLYNG,  s.  A  low  scoundrel.  Scot. 
Poems  Reprinted. — Franc,  baudeling,  a 

BAD-MONEY,  Bald-Money,  s.  The  plant 
Gentian,  Roxb. 

BADNYSTIE,  s.  Silly  stuff.  Douglas.— Fr. 
badinage,  id. 

BADOCH,  s.  A  marine  bird  of  -a  black 
colour.     Sibbald. 

BADRANS,  Bathrons,  s.  A  designation 
for  a  cat,  S.     Henrysone.     Burns. 

BAE,  s.  The  sound  emitted  in  bleating  ; 
a  bleat,  S.  Ramsay.  Baa,E. — Fr.  bee,  id. 

To  BAE,  r.  n.  To  bleat  ;  to  cry  as  a  sheep, 
S.  Tarry  Woo.  Both  these  words  are 
formed,  apparently,  from  the  sound. 

BAFF,Beff,  s.  1.  A  blow  ;  a  stroke.  2. 
A  jog  with  the  elbow,  S.B.  Jamieson's 
Popular  Ballads.  —  Fr.  bnffe,  a  stroke  ; 
Su.G.  baefw-a,  Isl.  bif-a.  to  move  or  shake; 
hi  fa  ii,  concussion. 

To  BAFF,  x.  a.  To  beat,  S.     V.  Beff. 

BAFF,  s.     A  shot,  S.B.     67.  Antiquary. 

BAFFLE,  s.  LA  trifle  ;  a  thing  of  no 
value,  Orkn.  Sutherl.  2.  Used  in  Angus 
to  denote  what  is  either  nonsensical  or  in- 
credible ;  as,  '•'  That's  mere  baffle."  Per- 
haps dimin.  from  Teut.  beffe,  nugae,  bef- 
fe»,  nugari. 

BAFFLE,  s.  A  portfolio,  Mearns.  Synon. 

BAG,  pret.  of  r.  Built;  from  To  Big,  bigg, 
to  build,  S.     Jacobite  Relics. 

To  BAG,  r.  a.  To  cram  the  belly  ;  to  dis- 
tend it  by  much  eating.  Hence,  A.Bor. 
bagging-time,  baiting-time.     Grose. 

BAG,  s.  A  quiver.  Christ's  Kirk. — Dan. 
balg,  a  sheath,  a  scabbard. 

BAG,  s.  1.  To  gire  or  gie  one  the  bag,  i.  e. 
to  give  one  the  slip;  to  deceive  one  whose 
hopes  have  been  raised,  Loth.  2.  To  jilt 
in  love,  Lanarks. 

BAG,  Baggage,  s.  Terms  of  disrespect  or 
reprehension  applied  to  a  child. — Teut. 
balgh,  puer,  said  in  contempt ;  E.  baggage, 
a  worthless  woman. 

BAG  and  BAGGAGE.  One's  whole  move- 
able property  in  the  place  from  which  the 
removal  is  made,  as  well  as  the  imple- 
ments used  for  containing  the  property, 
and  for  conveying  it  away.  Perhaps  bor- 
rowed from  the  custom  of  soldiers  carry- 
ing their  whole  stock  of  goods  in  their 

BAGATY,  Baggety,  s.  The  female  of  the 
lump,  or  sea-owl,  a  fish,  S.  Sibbald. 

BAGENIN,  s.  The  name  given  to  that  in- 
delicate toying  which  is  common  between 
young  people  of  different  sexes  on  the 
harvest-field,  Fife.— Probably  of  Fr.  ori- 
gin; as  allied  to  bagenaud-er,  to  trifle,  to 
toy,  to  dally  with. 

BAGGlE,  Baggit,  s.  A  large  minnow; 
sometimes  a  bag-mennon;  apparently  from 
its  rotundity,  &.c.  South  of  S. 

BAGGIE,  s.     The   belly,  S.O.     From  its 




being  bagged  or  crammed  with  food.  67. 
Burns.     Teut.  balgh,  id. 

BAGGIER,  s.  A  casket.  Fr.  baguier,  a 
small  coffer  for  containing  jewels,  &c. 

BAGGIT,  adj.  1.  Having  a  big  belly  ;  gen- 
erally applied  to  a  beast.  2.  Pregnant. 
Bell  end  en. 

BAGGIT,  s.  1.  A  contemptuous  term  for  a 
child.  2.  An  insignificant  little  person. 
Synon.  Shurf.  3.  Applied  to  a  feeble 
sheep,  Roxb. 

BAGGIT,  Bagit  Horss,  s.  A  stallion. 

To  BAGHASH,  r.  a.  To  abuse  with  the 
tongue  ;  to  give  opprobrious  language  to 
one,  Perths.  Fife.  Perhaps  such  an  abuse 
of  one's  good  name  as  might  be  compared 
to  the  hashing  or  mincing  of  meat  to  be 
put  into  the  bag  in  which  a  haggis  is  made. 

BAGLIN,  s.  A  puny  child  with  a  large 
belly ;  a  misgrown  child ;  synon.  Wam- 
jlin ;  Caithn.  Apparently  a  dimin.  from 
n.  •».  to  Bag,  to  swell  out. 

BAG-RAPE,  s.  A  rope  of  straw  or  heath, 
double  the  size  of  the  cross-ropes  used  in 
fastening  the  thatch  of  a  roof.  This  is 
klnched  to  the  cross-ropes,  then  tied  to 
what  is  called  the  pan-rape,  and  fastened 
with  wooden  pins  to  the  easing  or  top  of 
the  wall  on  the  outer  side  ;  Ang. — Isl. 
bagge,  fascis  I 

BAGREL,  s.  1.  A  child,  Dumfr.  2.  A 
minnow,  Ettr.  For.  3.  A  small  person 
with  a  big  belly  ;  probably  as  resembling 
the  shape  of  a  minnow,  Roxb.  4.  Ap- 
plied generally  to  all  animals  that  have 
big  bellies,  and  are  otherwise  ill-grown. 
V.  Baggit. — Su.G.  bagge,  puer. 

BAGREL,  adj.  Expressing  the  ideas  of 
diminutiveness  and  of  corpulency  con- 
joined ;  as, "  He 's  a  bagrel  body,"  that  is, 
one  who,  although  puny,  is  very  plump, 
Mearns. — Goth,  bagge,  sarcina  ;  bagur, 
gibbosus,  protuberant,  bunching  out. 

BAGRIE,  s.     Trash.     Herd's  Coll. 

BAGS,  s.  pi.  The  entrails,  Ettr.  For.  Pro- 
bably from  the  use  to  which  some  of  them 
are  applied  in  Scottish  cookery ;  as  the 
haggis-bag,  &c. 

BAGWAME,  s.  A  silly  fellow  who  can 
only  cram  his  belly,  Ettr.  For. 

BAY,  s.  The  sound  caused  by  the  notes  of 
birds.    Douglas. 

BAICH,  Baichie,  s.  A  child,  Perths.  The 
term  rather  betokens  contempt.  Pol  wart. 
— C.B.  bachgen,  Teut.  bagh,  puer. 

To  BAICHIE,  <o.  n.  To  cough,  S.B. 

BAYCHT,  adj.  Both.  Aberd.  Reg.  A 
perverted  orthography.     V.  Bathe. 

BAID,  pret.  of  Bide,  to  suffer.  Suffered,  S. 
V.  Bide,  Byde. 

BAYED,  adj.  Bent,  or  giving  way  in  the 
middle,  Aberd. — Isl.  beig-a,  flectere. 

BAIGIS,  s.  pi.  Knapsacks.  N.  Burne. — 
O.Fr.  baghe,  a  bag  to  carry  what  is  ne- 
cessary on  a  journey. 

To  BAIGLE,  r.  n.  I.  To  walk  or  run 
with  short  steps,  as  if  weak  ;  applied  to 
the  motions  of  a  child.  2.  To  walk 
slowly,  as  if  much  fatigued,  Ettr.  For. — 
Isl.  baekla,  luxare. 

BAIKBRED,  s.  A  kneading-trough,  S.B., 
Loth. — A.S.  bac-an,  pinsere,  and  bred, 

BAIKEN,  s.  1.  A  baiken  of  skins  or  hides  ; 
a  burden  of  skins.  2.  A  sort  of  flap  ;  as, 
"  the  fell  with  the  baiken,"  Ettr.  For. 
Isl.  baakn,  moles,  onus.     G.  Andr. 

BAIKIE,  Bakie,  s.  1.  The  stake  to  which 
an  ox  or  cow  is  bound  in  the  stall.  Ang. 
2.  A  piece  of  curved  wood,  about  eighteen 
inches  long,  with  a  hole  in  each  end  of  it, 
through  which  a  rope  passes  to  fix  it  to 
the  stake  below.  It  has  a  corresponding 
piece  of  rope  at  top,  which,  after  the 
baikie  is  round  the  neck  of  the  cow,  is 
likewise  tied  round  the  stake,  Loth.  South 
of  S.  3.  The  stake  of  a  tether,  S.B.— Sw. 
paak,&  stake. 

BAIKIE,  s.  1.  A  square, wooden  vessel,  nar- 
rowing towards  the  bottom,  for  carrying 
coals  to  the  fire,  S.  backet,  Loth.  2.  A 
square,  wooden  trough  for  holding  pro- 
vender for  cows,  horses,  &c.  ;  as,  "  The 
cow's  baikie,"  Lanarks.  3.  A  wooden 
vessel,  of  a  square  form,  in  which  dishes 
are  washed,  Lanarks.  Perhaps  Isl.  baeki, 
a  vessel  or  cup. 

BAIKIEFU,  s.  The  fill  of  a  wooden 
trough,  SO.     E,  Gilhaize. 

BAIKIN,  s.  Apparently  a  canopy  carried 
over  the  host  by  Roman  Catholics.  Corr. 
of  Baldachin.     V.  Bandkyn  and  Bawde- 


BAIKINS,  s.  A  beating;  a  drubbing,  Ettr. 
For. — Isl.  beckiar,\e\i  injuria  afncire,6ccA;- 
inq,  molestatio  ;  Su.G.  boka,  contundere. 

BA1KLET,  Becklet,  Baiglet,  s.  1.  An 
under  waistcoat  or  flannel  shirt  worn  next 
the  skin,  Dumfr.  Roxb.  Perhaps  corr.  of 
back-clout,  from  A.S.  baec,  back,  and  clut, 
cloth.  2.  A  piece  of  dress,  linen  or  wool- 
len, formerly  worn  above  the  shirt  of  a 
young  child,  Tweedd. — Isl.  fro^fajfascibus 

BAIKS,  s.  pi.  A  pair  of  balks;  a  balance. 
Aberd.  Keg.     V.  Bauk,  Bawk. 

BAIL,  Baile,  Bayle,  Ball,  Bele,  Belle,  .?. 
1.  A  flame  or  blaze  of  what  kind  soever. 
Barbour.  2.  A  bonfire.  Sir  Gawan.  3. 
A  fire  kindled  as  a  signal.  Douglas. 
4.  Metaph.  the  flame  of  love.  Henrysone. 
— A.S.  bael,  Su.G.  baal,  a  funeral  pile,  Isl. 
baal,  a  strong  fire. 

BAILCH,  s.  A  very  lusty  person,  S.B. 
Ross.     V.  Belch. 

BAYLE-FYRE,  s.  1.  A  bonfire.  2.  Any 
large  fire. — A.S.  bael-fyr,  the  fire  of  a 
funeral  pile. 

BAILLE,  s.  A  mistress  ;  a  sweetheart. 
Wallace. — Fr.  belle,  id.  ;  or  perhaps 
metaph.  from  baile,  a  flame. 




BAILLESS,  Belless,  s.  Bellows.  In- 

BAILLESS,  s.  A  kind  of  precious  stones. 
V.  Balas,  and  Ballat. 

BAILLIE,  s.  Meaning  doubtful.  Perhaps 
a  court  or  enclosure ;  from  C.B.  belli ; 
Teut.  bal'ie,  conseptuni,  vallum. 

BAILLIE,  Bailie,  s.  1.  A  magistrate  se- 
cond in  rank,  in  a  royal  borough  ;  an 
alderman,  S.  Lyndsay.  2.  The  baron's 
deputy  in  a  burgh  of  barony  ;  called 
baron-bailie,  S.  Statist.  Ace. — Fr.  baillie, 
an  officer,  L.B.  baliv-us. 

BAILLIERIE,  Bayllerie,    Bailiary,  s. 

1.  The  extent  of  a  bailie's  jurisdiction,  S. 
Wodrow.  2.  The  extent  of  a  sheriff's 
jurisdiction.    Acts  Ja.  I. 

BAYNE,  Bane,  adj.  1.  Ready;  prepared, 
S.B.  Wallace.  2.  Alert  ;  lively  ;  active. 
Wallace. — Isl.  bein-a,  expedire. 

BAYNE,  "  Forte,  a  kind  of  fur."  Rudd. 

BA'ING,  s.  A  match  at  foot-ball,  S. ;  pro- 
nunciation of  balling,  from  ba'}  a  ball. 

BAINIE,«(?/.  Having  large  bones.  Burns. 

BAYNLY,  adv.  Readily;  cheerfully.  Wal- 

BAIR,  Bare,  Bar,  s.  A  boar.  Barbour. 
— A.S.  bar,  Germ,  baer,  Lat.  rerr-es,  id. 

BAIRD,  s.    LA  poet  or  bard.   ActsJa.  VI. 

2.  This  term  has  also  been  explained,  a 
railer,  a  lampooner.  Poems  16th  Cent. 
—C.B.  bardh,  Gael.  Ir.  bard. 

To  BAIRD,  v.  a.    To  caparison.    V.  Bard. 

BAIRDING,  s.  Scolding ;  invective.  iV. 
Winyet's  Quest. 

BAIRGE,  s.  An  affected,  bobbing  walk, 
Ettr.  For. 

To  BAIRGE,  r.  n.  1.  To  walk  with  a 
jerk,  or  spring  upwards,  Ettr.  For.  2.  To 
strut,  Aberd.  Perhaps  Fr.  berg-er,  to 
wag  up  and  down;  or  from  bercer,berser, 
to  rock,  to  swing. 

BAIRLYG,ad>'.  Bare-legged.  Aberd.  Reg. 

B  AIRMAN,  s.  LA  bankrupt,  who  gives 
up  all  his  goods  to  his  creditors ;  synon. 
with  Dyvour.  Skene;  Ind.  Beg.  Maj. 
2.  A  man  who  has  no  property  of  his 
own.     Acts  Ja.  VI.     E.  bare,  nudatus. 

BAIRN,  Barne,  s.  LA  child ;  not  only 
denoting  one  in  a  state  of  childhood,  but 
often  one  advanced  in  life ;  as  implying 
relation  to  a  parent,  S.  2.  Conjoined 
with  the  adjective  good,  it  denotes  one  in 
a  state  of  due  subjection,  of  whatever  age 
or  rank.  "  The  Lord  Gordon  subscribed 
the  covenant,  and  became  a  good  bairn." 
Spalding. — Moes.G.  barn ;  Alem.  Germ, 
id.  from  bair-an, ferre,  gignere,procreare; 
A.S.  beam.     V.  Bern. 

BAIRNHEID,  Barneheid,s.  1.  The  state 
of  childhood.  Inventories,  2.  Childishness. 

BAIRNIE,s.  A  little  child,  larv's  Memv, 

BAIRNIE  OF  THE  E'E.  The  pupil  of 
the  eye,  Mearns. 

BAYRNIS-BED, s.  "The matrix.  Similar 
phrases  in  common  use  are,  calf's-bed, 
lamb's-bed."     Gl.  Compl.  S. 

BAIRNLESS,  s.  Childless;  without  pro- 
geny, S. — A.S.  bearnleas,  id. 

BAIRNLY,  adj.  Childish  ;  having  the 
manners  of  a  child,  S. — Sw.  barnslig, 

BAIRNLINESS,  s.  Childishness,  S. 

BAIRN  nor  BIRTH.  "  She  has  neither 
bairn  nor  birth  to  mind,"  i.  e.  She  is 
quite  free  of  the  cares  of  a  young  family,  S. 

To  Part  wi'  Bairn.  To  miscarry,  S.  Pit- 
scot  tie. 

BAIRN'S-BAIRN,s.  A  grandchild,  Aberd. 
— Su.G. barna-barn, id.  A.S.  bearna  beam. 

BAIRNS'  BARGAIN.  1.  A  bargain  that 
may  be  easily  broken ;  as,  "  I  niak  nae 
bairns'  bargains,"  I  make  no  pactions 
like  those  of  children,  S.  2.  A  mutual 
engagement  to  overlook,  and  exercise  for- 
bearance as  to  all  that  has  passed,  espe- 
cially if  of  an  unpleasant  description, 
Fife.    Synon.  with  Let-Abeefor  Let-Abee. 

BAIRN'S-PAN,  s.  A  small  tinned  pan  for 
dressing  a  child's  meat,  S. 

BAIRNS-PART  of  Gear,  that  part  of  a 
father's  personal  estate  to  which  his  chil- 
dren are  entitled  to  succeed,  and  of  which 
he  cannot  deprive  them  by  any  testament, 
or  other  gratuitous  deed,  to  take  effect 
after  his  death,  S.     Stair.     Syn.  Legit im. 

BAIRNS-PLAY,  s.  The  sport  of  children, 
S.  Rutherford. 

BAIRNS-WOMAN,  s.  A  dry  nurse,  S.  The 

B AIRN-T YME,  Barne-Teme,  s.  1 .  Brood 
of  children;  all  the  children  of  one  mother, 
S.  Houlate.  2.  The  course  of  time  dur- 
ing which  a  woman  has  born  children, 
Mearns. — A.S.  beam-team,  liberorum  so- 
bolis  procreatio. 

B  AIS,  adj.  Having  a  deep  or  hoarse  sound. 
— Fr.  bas,  E.  base.  Douglas. 

BAISDLIE,  adv.  In  a  state  of  stupefaction 
or  confusion.  Burel.  V.  Bazed. 

BAISE,  s.  Haste  ;  expedition,  S.B. — Su.G. 
bas-a,  citato  gradu  ire. 

To  BAISE,  v.  a.  To  persuade ;  to  coax, 
Strathmore.  Perhaps  from  Fr.  baiser, 
to  kiss  ;  or  from  Bazed,  q.  v. 

BAISED,  part.  pa.  Confused ;  at  a  loss 
what  to  do.     V.  Bazed. 

To  BAISS,  r.  a.  To  sew  slightly;  properly 
to  stitch  two  pieces  of  cloth  together,  that 
they  may  be  kept  straight  in  the  sewing, 
S.  2.  To  sew  with  long  stitches,  or  in  a 
coarse  and  careless  manner,  S. ;  synon. 
Scob,  Loth. — Fr.  bastir,  E.  baste,  id. 

BAISS,  s.    The  act  of  baissinq,  as  above,  S. 

BAISSING-THREADS,  Basing-Threaps, 
s.    The  threads  used  in  baissing,  S, 

BAISS,  Baise,  adj.  1.  Sad;  sorrowful. 
3,  Ashamed,  Ettr.  For, 


9 1 


To  BAISS,  r.  a.  To  beat ;  to  drub,  Loth. 
— Su.G.  bas-a,  caedere,  ferire. 

BAISSING,  s.    A  drubbing,  Selkirks. 

BAIST,  part.  pa.  Apprehensive ;  afraid, 
Dumfr.     V.  Bazed. 

To  BAIST,  v.  a.  To  defeat  ;  to  overcome  ; 
pronounced  beast,  S.B. — Isl.  bcyst-a,  ferire. 

BAIST,  g.  1.  One  who  is  struck  by  others, 
especially  in  the  sports  of  children,  S.B. 
2.  One  who  is  overcome,  S. 

BAISTIN,  ^.  A  drubbing,  S. ;  from  E.  and 
S.  baste,  to  beat. 

BAIT,  s.    A  boat.  V.  Bat. 

To  BAYT,  r.  a.  To  give  food  to.  Barbour. 
— Isl.  beit-a,  to  drive  cattle  to  pasture, 
belt,  pasture. 

To  BAYT,  r.  n.     To  feed.     Gl.  Sibb. 

BAIT,  Bed,  s.  The  grain  of  wood  or  stone, 
Aberd. — Isl.  belt,  lamina  explanata. 

BAIT,  s.  The  ley  in  which  skins  are  put. 
■ — Su.G.  beta,  fermento  macerare  ;  beta  hu- 
dar,  coria  preparare  fermentando,  i.  e.  to 
bait  hides,  or  to  soften  skins  by  steeping 
them  in  bait  or  ley. 

To  BAIT,  v.  a.  To  steep  skins  in  a  ley  made 
from  the  dung  of  hens  or  pigeons,  to  re- 
duce them  to  a  proper  softness,  that  they 
may  be  thoroughly  cleansed  before  being 
put  into  the  tan  or  bark,  S.  After  being 
baited,  they  are  scraped  with  a  knife  cal- 
led a  qrainer. 

TuBAITCHIL,r.«.  To  beat  soundly,Roxb. 
Dimin.  from  A.S.  beat-on,  to  beat. 

BAITH,  adj.     Both.     V.  Bathe. 

BAITH-FATT,  s.  A  bathing-vat.  A.S. 
baeth,  thermae,  and  fact,  vat. 

BAITTENIN',  part.  pr.  Thriving.^  "A 
fine  baittenin  bairn,"  a  thriving  child. — 
Teut.  bat-eu,baet-en, iprodesse.  ls\.baet-a, 
reparare  ;  whence  batn-a,  to  grow  better. 

BAITTLE,  adj.  Denoting  that  sort  of  pas- 
ture where  the  grass  is  short,  close,  and 
rich,  Selkirks.  Pron.  also  Bettle. — Isl. 
beitinn,  fit  for  pasture. 

B AIVEE,  s.    A  species  of  whiting.  Sibbald. 

BAIVENJAR,  8.  A  tatterdemalion  ;  a 
raggamuffin,  Upp.  Clydes. — C.B.  bawyn, 
a  dirty,  mean  fellow  ;  from  baw,  dirty, 
mean.  Ba,  dirt,  is  given  as  the  root; 

BAIVIE,  s.  A  large  collection  ;  applied  to 
a  numerous  family,  to  a  covey  of  part- 
ridges, &c,  Ettr.  For. 

BAK,  Backe,  Bakie-Bird,  s.  The  bat  or 
rearmouse,  S.  Douglas. — Su.G.  nattbacka, 

BAK,  s.  On  bah ;  behind.  A.S.  on  baec  : 
whence  E.  aback. 

To  BAKE,  v.  a.  This  term  rather  applies  to 
kneading  than  to  firing  bread. — A.S.  bac- 
on; Su.G.  bak-a,  pinsere,  to  bake.  When 
two  persons  are  employed  in  preparing 
bread,  he  who  kneads  is  called  the  Bakster. 

BAKE,e.  A  small  cake;  a  biscuit,  S.  Burns. 

BAKGARD,  s.    A  rear-guard.     Wallam. 

BAKHEIR,  s.  Perhaps,  backer,  supporter; 

or  it  may  be  two  words,  backing  here,  i.  e. 
support,  assistance,  here. 

BAKIE,  s.     The  black-headed  gull,  Orkn. 

BAKIE,  s.  The  name  given  to  a  kind  of 
peat  which  is  knead  or  baked  from  a  pre- 
pared paste,  S.  Ess.Highl.Soc. — E.  bake, 
to  knead. 

BAKIE,  s.     A  stake.    V.  Baikie. 

BAKING-CASE,  s.     A  kneading-trough. 

BAKIN-LOTCH,  s.  A  species  of  bread, 
perhaps  of  an  enticing  quality.  Evergreen. 

BAK-LAND,  s.  A  house  or  building  lyiug 
back  from  the  street,  S.  A  house  facing 
the  street  is  called  afore-land,  S.  V.  Land. 

BAKMAN,  s.  A  follower  ;  a  retainer.  V. 

BAKSYD,  8.  The  back  part  of  a  house. 
Aberd.  Beg.    V.  Backside. 

BAKSTER,  Baxster,  s.  A  baker,  S.  Bur- 
roxcLawes — A.S.  baecestre,a,  woman-baker. 

BAL,  Ball,  the  initial  syllable  of  a  great 
many  names  of  places  in  Scotland. — Ir. 
Gael,  baile,  ball,  a  place  or  town  ;  Su.G. 
Isl.  bol,  id.  domicilium,  sedes,  villa,  from 
bo,  bo-a,  bu-a,  to  dwell,  to  inhabit. 

BALA-PAT,  s.  A  pot  in  a  farm-house  for 
the  use  of  the  family  during  harvest;  not 
the  reapers'  pot.     Allan's  Diet. 

BALAS,  s.  A  sort  of  precious  stone,  said 
to  be  brought  from  Baletssiet  in  India.  A 
precious  stone,  Fr.  bale;  Palsgrave. — Fr. 
balais,  bastard  ruby. 

BALAX,  s.  A  hatchet,  Aberd.— Isl.  bolyxe, 
Su.G.  baalyxa,  a  large  axe. 

BALBEIS,  s.  pi.  Halfpence.  V.  Babie. 
Maitland  Poems. 

BALD,  Bauld,  adj.  1.  Bold  ;  intrepid,  S. 
Wyntown.  2.  Irascible  ;  of  a  fiery  tem- 
per, S.  Douglas.  3.  Pungent  to  the  taste, 
or  keenly  affecting  the  organ  of  smelling ; 
as  mustard,  horse-radish, &c,  S.  4.  Keen; 
biting  ;  expressive  of  the  state  of  the  at- 
mosphere, S.  Davidson.  5.  Certain  ;  as- 
sured. Henrysone.  6.  Used  obliquely  ; 
bright  ;  as,  "  a  bald  moon,"  quoth  Benny 
Gask,  &c.  Kelly.— A.S.  bald,  beald,  Su.G. 
Alem.  Germ,  bald,  audax. 

To  BALD,  v.  a.     To  embolden.     Douglas. 

BALDERDASH,  s.  Foolish  and  noisy  talk, 
S.     Isl.  bulldur,  stultorum  balbuties. 

BALDERRY,  s.  Female-handed  orchis  ; 
a  plant  ;  orchis  latafolia,  S.     Lightfoot. 

BALD-STROD,  s.     Meaning  not  clear. 

BALEEN,  s.  Name  given  by  fishers  to  the 
whalebone  of  commerce. 

BALEN,  adj.  Made  of  skin.  V.  Pauis. 
Douglas.— Isl.  Su.G.  baelg,  Germ,  balg,  a 

BALGONE  PIPPIN,  s.  A  species  of  apple, 
somewhat  resembling  the  golden  pippin, 
but  of  larger  size.  From  Balgone  in  East 

BALYE,  s.  A  space  on  the  outside  of  the 
ditch  of  a  fortification,  commonly  sur- 
rounded  by  strong  palisades.  Spotswood, 
— Fr.  bayle,  a  barricado,  L,B.  hall-mnu 



BALK  and  BUR11AL,  a  ridge  raised  very  ! 
high  by  the  plough,  and  a  barren  space  of 
nearly  the  same  extent,  alternately,  S.B. 
Statist.  Ace.    V.  Bauk,  s. 

BALL,s.  Bustle;  disturbance,  Aberd. — Isl. 
haul,  boel,  noxa,  dolor. 

BALL,  s.  A  parcel ;  used  in  the  sense  of 
E.  bale. — Teut.  bal,  fascis. 

BALLANDIS,  s.  pi.  A  balance  for  weigh- 
ing.    Aberd.  Beg. 

BALLANT,  s.  A  ballad  ;  the  vulgar  pro- 
nunciation throughout  Scotland.  Guy 

BALLANT-BODDICE,  8.  Boddice  made 
of  leather,  anciently  worn  by  ladies  in 
Scotland,  S.B.    V.  Balen. 

BALLAT,  Ballies,  s.  Ruby  Ballat,  a 
species   of  pale   ruby.     Coll.   of  Inren- 

BALL-CLAY,  Pell-Clay,  s.  Very  adhe- 
sive clay,  S.O.     V.  Pell-Clay. 

BALLY-COG,  s.  A  milk-pail,  Banffs.  Syn. 

BALLINGAR,  Ballingere,  s.  A  kind  of 
ship.— Fr.  Ballinjicr.     Wallace. 

BALLION,  s.  1.  A  knapsack.  2.  A  tinker's 
box,  in  which  his  utensils  are  carried;  or 
any  box  that  may  be  carried  on  one's 
back,  Selkirks.     V.  Ballownis. 

BALLION,  s.  A  supernumerary  reaper, 
who  assists  the  reapers  of  any  ridge  that 
have  fallen  behind,  Linlithgow. 

BALLOCH,  Belloch,  *.  A  narrow  pass, 
Stirlings.     Gael,  bealach,  id. 

BALLOP,  s.  The  flap  in  the  fore  part  of 
the  breeches,  S.  Allied  to  Lancash.  bul- 
locks, testicula. 

BALLOWNIS,  s.  Aberd.  Beg.  V.Ballion. 
Fr.  ballon,  a  fardel,  or  small  pack. 

BALOW,  s.  1.  A  lullaby,  S.  Bitson.  2. 
A  term  used  by  a  nurse,  when  lulling  her 
child.  Old  Song. — Fr.  bos,  la  le  hup, "  be 
still,  the  wolf  is  coming." 

To  B  ALTER,  v.  a.  To  dance.  Colkelbie  Sotc. 
Perhaps  corr.  of  L.B.  balator,  a  dancer. 

BAM,  s.  A  sham;  a  quiz,  S.  Bam,  a 
jocular  imposition,  the  same  as  humbug. 
Grose's  Class.  Diet. 

BAMLING,  adj.  A  bambling  chield ;  an 
awkwardly-made,  clumsy  fellow,  Roxb. 

BAMULLO,  Bomulloch,  To  gar  one  lauch, 
sing,  or  dance  Bamullo  ;  to  make  one 
change  one's  mirth  into  sorrow,  Ang. 
Perths. — C.B.  bie,  terror.  Gael,  mulla, 
mullach,  gloomy  brows,  q.  "the  spectre 
with  the  dark  eye-brows." 

To  *  BAN,  Bann,  r.  n.  1.  Often  improperly 
applied  in  S.  to  those  irreverent  exclama- 
tions which  many  use  in  conversation,  as 
distinguished  from  cursing.  2.  Used  to 
denote  that  kind  of  imprecation  in  which 
the  name  of  God  is  not  introduced,  S.  3. 
Applied  to  that  unhallowed  mode  of  ne- 
gation in  which  the  devil's  name,  or  some 
equivalent  term,  is  introduced  as  giv- 
ing greater  force   to   the  language  ;  as, 


"  The  d— 1  haid  ails  you  !  that  I  should 
ban."  A.Donqlas.  M'Crie's  Life  of  Knox. 

BANCHIS,  s.  pi.  Deeds  of  settlement.— 
Ital.  banco,  a  bank.     Dunbar. 

BANCKE.  To  beat  a  bancke ;  apparently 
to  beat  what  in  Scotland  is  called  a  ruff, 
or  roll,  in  military  language.  Monro's 
Exped. — Su.G.  bank-a,  pulsare,  a  frequen- 
tative from  ban-a,  id. 

BANCOURIS,  s.  pi.  Coverings  for  stools 
or  benches. — Teut.  banchcerc,  tapestry  ; 
Fr.  banquier,  a  beuch-cloth. 

BAND,  s.  A  hinge  ;  as,  "  the  bands  of  a 
door,"  its  hinges. 

BAND,  s.  A  strap  of  leather  ;  a  rope  by 
which  black  cattle  are  fastened  to  the 
stake,  S. 

BAND  (To  take),  to  unite  ;  a  phrase  bor- 
rowed from  architecture.     Rutherford. 

BAND  of  a  hill.  The  top  or  summit.  Dou- 
glas.—Gei-m.  bann,  summitas,  Gael,  ben, 
beann,  a  mountain. 

BAND,  s.  Bond  ;  obligation,  S.  Wyntown. 
To  mak  band,  to  come  under  obligation  ; 
to  swear  allegiance.     Wallace. 

BANDER,  s.  A  person  engaged  to  one  or 
more  in  a  bond  or  covenant. 

BANDY,  s.  The  stickleback,  a  small  fresh- 
water fish,  Aberd.     V.  Banstickle. 

BANDK  YN,  s.  A  cloth,  the  warp  of  which 
is  thread  of  gold,  and  the  woof  silk,  adorn- 
ed with  figures.  Douglas.— L.B.  bande- 
quin-us.     V.  Bawdekyn. 

BANDLESS,  adj.  Abandoned  altogether 
to  wickedness  ;  without  bonds,  Clydes. 

BANDLESSLIE,  adv.    Regardlessly,  ibid. 

BANDLESSNESS,  s.  The  state  of  aban- 
donment to  wickedness,  Clydes. 

BANDOUNE,  Bandown,  s.  Command  ; 
orders.  Wallace.  V.  Abandon.— Germ. 
band,  a  standard. 

BANDOUNLY,  a<fr.  Firmly;  courageously. 

BANDSMAN,  s.  A  binder  of  sheaves  in 
harvest,  Galloway.    Syn.  Bandster. 

BAND-STANE,  s.  A  stone  going  through 
on  both  sides  of  a  wall;  thus  denomi- 
nated, because  it  binds  the  rest  together, 
S.     The  Black  Dwarf, 

BANDSTER,  Banster,  s.  One  who  binds 
sheaves  after  the  reapers  in  the  harvest- 
field,  S.  Ritson. — A.S.  Germ,  band,  vin- 

BAND-STRING,  s.  1.  A  string  across  the 
breast  for  tying  in  an  ornamental  way. 
The  Antiquary.  2.  A  species  of  confec- 
tion, of  a  long  shape,  S. 

BANDWIN,  Banwin,  s.  The  number  of 
reapers  served  by  one  bandster;  formerly 
eight,  now,  in  Loth,  at  least,  six. 

BANDWIN-RIG.  A  ridge  so  broad  that 
it  can  contain  a  band  of  reapers  called  a 
win.     Agr.  Surv.  Bene. 

BANE,  King  of  Bane,  the  same  with  King 
of  the  Bean,  "a  character  in  the  Christmas 
gambols.     This  designation  is  given  to 


the  person  who  is  so  fortunate  as  to  re- 
ceive that  part  of  a  divided  cake  which 
has  a  bean  in  it  ;  Rexj'abae.    Knox. 

BANE,  adj.     Ready  ;  prepared. 

BANE,  s.  Bone,  S.  Wyntotcn.—A.S.  ban, 
Alem.  bein, id.  A'fraetkebane.  V.Bein,s. 

BANE,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to  bone  ;  as, 
a  bane  box,  S. 

BANE-DYKE  {Gone  to  the.)  Reduced  to 
skin  and  bone ;  good  for  nothing  but  to 
go  to  the  dyke  where  the  bones  of  dead 
horses  lie. 

BANE-DRY,  adj.    Thoroughly  dry,  Clydes. 

BANE-GREASE,  s.  The  oily  substance 
produced  from  bones  bruised  and  stewed 
on  a  slow  fire,  S. 

BANE-FYER,  s.  A  bonfire,  S.  Acts  Ja. 
VI. — Apparently  corrupted  from  Bail- 

BANE-IDLE,  adj.  Totally  unoccupied, 

BANEOUR,  Banneoure,  s.  A  standard- 
bearer.     Barbour. 

BANE-PRICKLE,  s.  The  stickleback, 
Clydes.     V.  Banstickle. 

BANERER,  s.  Properly  one  who  exhibits 
his  own  distinctive  standard  in  the  field, 
q.  "the  lord  of  a  standard."  Douglas. — 
Teut.  bander-heer,  baner-lieer,  baro,  sa- 

BANERMAN,  s.  A  standard-bearer.  Wal- 
lace.    Su.G.  banersman,  vexillifer. 

BANES-BRAKIN,  s.  A  bloody  quarrel  ; 
"  the  breaking  of  bones,"  S.  Poems 
Buchan  Dial. 

BANFF,  s.  From  a  number  of  proverbs  re- 
garding this  town,  it  appears  to  have  been 
viewed  in  a  rather  contemptible  light. — 
"  Gae  to  Banff,  and  buy  bend-leather  ;" 
West  of  S.  "  Gang  to  Banff,  and  bittle," 
or  beetle,  "  beans."  "  Gang  to  Banff, 
and  bind  bickers,"  Loth.  All  these  sug- 
gest the  idea  of  useless  travel  or  idle  la- 

To  BANG,  v.  n.  To  change  place  with  im- 
petuosity ;  as,  to  bang  up,  to  start  from 
one's  seat  or  bed  ;  to  bang  to  the  dore,  to 
run  hastily  to  the  door,  S.  Ramsay. — 
Su.G.  baang,  tumult,  Isl.  bang-a, to  strike. 

To  BANG  out,  v.  a.  To  draw  out  hastily, 
S.     Ross. 

To  BANG  off  or  off,  v.  a.  1.  To  let  off 
with  violence  ;  to  let  fly,  S.  Waverley. 
2.  To  throw  with  violence,  Aberd. 

BANG,  adj.  1.  Vehement  ;  violent.  2. 
Agile,  and,  at  the  same  time,  powerful ; 
"  a  bang  chield,"  ibid.,  Roxb. 

BANG,  s.  1 .  An  action  expressive  of  haste ; 
as,  He  cam  wi'  a  bang,  S.  2.  In  a  bang, 
in  a  huff,  Aberd.  Ross.  3.  A  great  num- 
ber; a  crowd,  S.     Ramsay. 

To  BANG,  r.  n.  To  push  off  with  a  boat, 
in  salmon-fishing,  without  having  seen 
any  fish  in  the  channel,  Aberd.  Law 

To  BANG,  r.  a.    1 .  To  beat  ;  to  overcome  ; 



to  overpower,   Loth.   Roxb.  Dumfr.     2. 
To  surpass  in  whatever  way,  Roxb. 
BANGEISTER,  Bangister,  Bangster,  s. 

1.  A  violent  and  disorderly  person,  who 
regards  no  law  but  his  own  will.  Mait- 
land  Poems.  2.  A  victor,  Ettr.  For.  3.  A 
braggart;  a  bully,  S.  Ross.  4.  A  loose 
woman,  Clydes. — Isl.  bang-a,  to  strike, 
bang-ast,  to  run  on  one  with  violence. 

BANGIE,  adj.  Huffish;  pettish;  irritable, 

To  BANGISTER-S WIPE,  r.  n.  To  cozen ; 
to  deceive  by  artful  means,  Roxb.  From 
Bangister,  q.  v.  and  A.S.  stripe ;  Teut. 
siceepe,  flagellum,  scutica. 

BANGNUE,  s.  Bustle  about  something 
trivial;  much  ado  about  nothing,  Selkirks. 

BANG-RAPE,  s.  A  rope  with  a  noose, 
used  by  thieves  to  carry  off  corn  or  hay, 
Clydes.  Ayrs. 

BANGREL,  s.  An  ill-natured,  ungovern- 
able woman,  Ettr.  For.  Formed  like 
Gangrel,  Hangrcl,  kc,  from  the  r.  to 
Bang,  as  denoting  violence. 

BANGSOME,  adj.  Quarrelsome,  Aberd. 
Christmas  Bating. 

BANGSTRIE,  s.  '  Strength  of  hand  ;  vio- 
lence to  another  in  his  person  or  property. 
From  Bangster.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 

BANG-THE-BEGGAR,  s.  1.  A  strong 
staff;   a  powerful   kent   or  rung,  Roxb. 

2.  Humorously  transferred  to  a  con- 
stable, Dumfr.  And  to  a  beadle  in 
Derbyshire.  Grose.  The  v.  Bang-a,  to 
beat,  seems  to  be  the  origin  of  Teut. 
benghel,  bengel,  Su.G.  baengel,  a  strong 
staff  or  stick,  the  instrument  used  for 

To  BANYEL,  r.  a.  To  bandy  backwards 
and  forwards. 

BANYEL,  s.  A  bundle  ;  used  in  a  con- 
temptuous way,  Upp.  Clydes.  Tullyat 
synon.  —  C.B.  bangaic,  bound  together, 

BANYEL,  s.  A  slovenly,  idle  fellow, 
Roxb. — Teut.  benghel,  Su.G.  baengel,  rus- 
ticus,  homo  stupidus. 

BANIS.  Ma.ntillis  of  Banis;  some  kind 
of  mantle.     Act.  Dom.  Cone. 

BANKER,  s.  A  bench-cloth  or  carpet. 
V.  Bankure. 

BANKER,  s.  One  who  buys  corn  sold  by 
auction,  Ettr.  For. 

BANKERS,  s.  pi.  Apparently  the  same 
with  Bancouris,  q.  v. 

BANKING-CROP,  s.  The  corn  bought  or 
sold  by  auction,  Niths. 

BANKROUT,  s.  A  bankrupt.  Skene.— 
Fr.  banquerout,  Ital.  bancorotto,  Teut. 
banckrote,  id. 

BANKSET,  adj.  Full  of  little  eminences 
and  acclivities.     Agr.  Surr.  Aberd. 

BANKURE,  s.  The  covering  of  a  seat, 
stool,  or  bench.  Fr.  banquier,  a  bench- 
cloth.     Teut.  banck-tcerc,  tapes. 

BANNA,  Banno,  s.    V.  Bannock. 





BANNA-RACK,  s.  The  wooden  frame 
before  which  bannocks  are  put  to  be 
toasted,  when  taken  from  the  girdle, 
Ettr.  For.  From  Banna,  and  Back,  a 
wooden  frame. 

BANNAG,  s.  A  white  trout ;  a  sea  trout, 
Argyles.  Gael,  ban,  white,  banag,  any- 
thing white. 

BANNATE,  Bannet,  s.  Double  Bannate. 
Perhaps  bonnet  of  steel,  bonnet  de  fer  or 
skull-cap.    Act.  Bom.  Cone. 

Nuikit  Bannet.  The  square  cap  worn  by 
the  Romish  clergy.  Pitscottie.  V.  Bonnet. 

BANNET-FIRE,  s.  A  punishment  simi- 
lar to  running  the  gantelop,  inflicted  by 
boys  on  those  who  break  the  rules  of 
their  game.  —  Two  files  are  formed  by 
the  boys,  standing  face  to  face,  the  inter- 
vening space  being  merely  sufficient  to 
allow  the  culprit  to  pass.  Through  this 
narrow  passage  he  is  obliged  to  walk 
slowly,  with  his  face  bent  down  to  his 
knees,  while  the  boys  beat  him  on  the 
back  with  their  bonnets,  Fife. 

BANNET-FLUKE,  5.  The  turbot  ;  so 
called  from  resembling  a  bonnet,  Fife. 
V.  Bannock-Fluke. 

BANNISTER,  s.  One  of  the  rails  of  a 
stair  ;  sometimes  the  hand-rail.  Pro- 
bably a  corr.  of  E.  Ballister. 

BANNOCK,  s.  One  of  the  thirlage  duties 
exacted  at  a  mill.     Ersk.  Inst. 

BANNOCK,  Bonnock,  Banno,  Banna,  ?. 
A  sort  of  cake.  The  bannock  is  however 
in  S.  more  properly  distinguished  from 
the  cake  ;  as  the  dough,  of  which  the  for- 
mer is  made,  is  more  wet  when  it  is  baked. 
It  is  also  toasted  on  a  girdle ;  whereas 
cakes  are  generally  toasted  before  the 
fire,  after  having  been  laid  for  some  time 
on  a  girdle,  or  on  a  gridiron,  S.  A.Bor. 
Bannock,  as  described  by  Ray,  "is  an 
oat  cake  kneaded  with  water  only,  and 
baked  in  the  embers."  Bannocks  are 
generally  made  of  barley-meal,  or  peas- 
meal,  and  cakes  of  oatmeal.  Bannatyne 
Poems. — Ir.  boinneog,  bunna,  Gael,  bon- 
nach,  a  cake  or  bannock. 

Bear-Bannock,  s.  A  cake  of  this  descrip- 
tion, baked  of  barley-meal,  S.     Ritson. 

BANNOCK-EVEN,  s.  Fastrins-eyen,  or 
Shrove-Tuesday,  Aberd. 

BANNOCK-FLUKE,  5.  The  name  given 
to  the  genuine  turbot,  from  its  flat  form 
as  resembling  a  cake,  S.  Stat.  Ace.  V. 

BANNOCK-HIVE,  s.  Corpulence,  induced 
by  eating  plentifully,  S.  Jlorison.  V.Hive. 

BANNOCK-STICK,  s.  A  wooden  instru- 
ment for  rolling  out  bannocks.  Jacobite 

BANRENTE,  s.    A  banneret.    Acts  Ja.  I. 

BANSEL,  s.  What  is  given  for  good  luck, 
Perths.  Synon.  Hansel.  A.S.  ben,  pre- 
catio,  and  sell-an,  dare;  to  give  what  is 
prayed  for. 

BANSTICKLE,  Bantickle,  s.  The  three- 
spined  stickleback,  Gasterosteus  aculea- 
tus,  Linn,  S.     Barry. 

BAN  WIN,  s.  As  many  reapers  as  may  be 
served  by  one  bandster,  S.,  Fife.  S.A. — 
A.S.  band,  vinculum,  and  win,  labor. 

BAP,  s.  1 .  A  thick  cake  baked  in  the  oven, 
generally  with  yeast,  whether  made  of 
oat-meal,  barley-meal,  flour  of  wheat,  or 
a  mixture,  S.  Bitson.  2.  A  roll ;  a  small 
loaf  of  wheaten  bread,of  an  oblong  form,  S. 

BAPPER,  s.  A  vulgar,  ludicrous  desig- 
nation for  a  baker  ;  from  Bap. 

BAPTEM,?.     Baptism.     Fr.  Baptane. 

BAR,  s.  An  infant's  flannel  waistcoat, 
Moray.     V.  Barrie,  synon. 

BAR,  s.  To  play  at  bar;  a  species  of 
game  anciently  used  in  Scotland.  It  is 
doubtful  whether  this  game  is  similar  to 
that  of  throwing  the  sledge-hammer,  or 
to  one  called  Prisoners,  described  in 
"  Strutt's  Sports  and  Pastimes." 

BAR,  s.  The  grain  in  E.  called  barley; 
bar-meal,  barley-meal  ;  bar-bread,  bar- 
bannock,  &,c,  S.B.  In  other  parts  of  S. 
bear,  bear-meal. — Moes.G.  bar,  hordeum. 

BAR,  s.     A  boar.     V.  Bair. 

To  BAR,  r.  n.  To  bar  from  bourdes,  ap- 
parently to  avoid  jesting.  Bannatyne 
Poems. — Fr.  barr-er,  to  keep  at  a  dis- 

BARBAR,  s.  A  barbarian.  Mc Ward's 

BARBAR,  Barbour,  adj.  Barbarous  ; 
savage.    Kennedy.     Fr.  barbare,  id. 

BARBER,  s.  What  is  excellent  in  its 
kind  ;  the  best  ;  a  low  term,  S.  Su.G. 
baer-a,  illustrare. 

BARBLES,  s.  pi.  A  species  of  disease. 
Pohcart. — Fr.  barbes,  a  white  excrescence 
which  grows  under  the  tongue  of  a  calf, 
and  hinders  it  from  sucking. 

BARBLYT,  part.  pa.  Barbed.  Barbour. 
Fr.  barbel e,  id. 

BARBOUR'S  KNYFE.  The  ancient  name 
of  a  razor.     Act.  Bom.  Cone. 

BARBULYIE,  s.  Perplexity ;  quandary, 
Roxb.    Hoqifs  Winter  Evening  Tales. 

To  BARBULYIE,  t.  a.  To  disorder ;  to 
trouble,  Perths.  Montgomery. — Fr.  bar- 
bouille,  confusedly  jumbled. 

To  BARD,  Baird,  r.  a.  To  caparison  ;  to 
adorn  with  trappings.  Lyndsay.  V.  Bardis. 

BARDIT,  Bairdit,  pret.  and  part.  pa. 

BARDACH,  Bard y,  adj.  1.  Stout;  fear- 
less; determined,  S.B.  Boss.  2.  Iras- 
cible; contentious;  and,  at  the  same  time, 
uncivil  and  pertinacious  in  managing  a 
dispute,  S.  B.  Gcdloicay. — Isl.  barda, 
pugnax,  bardagi;  Su.G.  bardaga,  prae- 

BARDILY,  adv.  1.  Boldly,  with  intre- 
pidity, S.     2.  Pertly,  S.     V.  Bardach. 

BARDIN,  s.  Trappings  for  horses  ;  the 
same  with  Bardyngis,  only  in  singular. 




BARDIE,  a.    A  gelded  cat,  Ang. 

BARDINESS,  s.  Petulant  forwardness  ; 
pertness  and  irascibility,  as  manifested 
in  conversation,  S. 

B  ARD  YNGIS,  s.  pi.  Trappings  of  horses. 

BARDIS,s.pZ.  Trappings.  Douglas.  Goth. 
bard,  a  pole-ax. 

BARDISH,  adj.  Rude;  insolent  in  lan- 
guage. Baillie. — From  bard,  S.  baird, 
a  minstrel. 

BARD'S  CROFT.  The  piece  of  land  on 
the  property  of  a  chief,  hereditarily  ap- 
propriated to  the  family  Bard.  Waverley. 

BARE,  adj.  Lean;  meagre,  S. — A.S.  bare, 
baer,  nudus  ;  q.  having  the  bones  naked. 

BAREFIT,  Barefoot,  adj.  Barefooted. 

BAREFOOT-BROTH,  Barefit-Kail,  s. 
Broth  made  with  a  little  butter,  without 
any  meat  having  been  boiled  in  it, 
Aberd.  Taylor's  Scots  Poems.  V.  Mus- 
lin-Kail, Lentryne-kail. 

To  BARGANE,  v.  n.  To  fight;  to  contend. 
Wallace. — Su.G.  baer-ia,  beanjh-a,  ferire, 

BARGANE,  s.  1.  Fight;  battle;  skirmish. 
Barbour.  2.  Contention  ;  controversy, 
S.B.    Boss.     3.  Struggle,  S.B.    Boss. 

BARGANER,s.  Afighter;abully.  Dunbar. 

BARGANYNG,  s.     Fighting.     Barbour. 

BAR-GHAIST,s.  "Aghostallinwhite,witk 
large  saucer  eyes,  appearing  near  gates 
or  stiles  ;  in  Yorks.  called  bars.  Derived 
from  bar  and  gheist."    Grose.     Bob  Boy. 

BARHEYD,  adj.  Bare-headed.  Aberd. 

To  BARK,  r.  a.  1.  To  strip  a  tree  of  its 
bark,  especially  for  the  purpose  of  tanning, 
S.  2.  To  tan  leather,  S.  Chalmerl.  Air. 
—Su.G.  bark-a,  decorticare,  barka  hudar, 
coria  glabra  reddere. 

To  BARKEN,  v.  n.  To  clot;  to  become 
hard.  Used  with  respect  to  any  substance 
that  has  been  in  a  liquid  state,  as  blood 
or  mire,  S.  Guy  Mannering.  Part.  pa. 
Barknyt.    Douglas. 

BARKER,  s.  A  tanner,  S.  Balfour's 
Pract. — Dan.  barker,  id. 

BARKING  and  FLEEING,  a  phrase  used 
to  denote  one  who,  especially  from  pro- 
digality, is  believed  to  be  on  the  eve  of 
bankruptcy.  The  property  is  then  said 
to  be  barking  and  jleeing.    Old  Mortality. 

BARKIT,  part.  pa.  Clotted;  hardened. 
"  Barkit  wi'  dirt,"  incrusted  with  dirt. 

BARKIT,  part.  pa.  Stripped  of  the  bark. 
Bob  Boy. 

BARK-POTIS,s./^.  Tan-pits.  Aberd.Beg. 

BARLA-BREIKIS,  Barley-Bracks, 
A  game  generally  played  by  young  people 
in  a  corn-yard.  Hence  called  Barla- 
bracks  about  the  stacks,  S.B.  One  stack  is 
fixed  on  as  the  dule  or  goal ;  and  one  per- 
son is  appointed  to  catch  the  rest  of  the 
company  who  run  out  from  the  dule.    He 

does  not  leave  it  till  they  are  all  out  of 
his  sight ;  then  he  sets  off  to  catch  them. 
Any  one  who  is  taken,  cannot  run  out 
again  with  his  former  associates,  being 
accounted  a  prisoner ;  but  is  obliged  to 
assist  his  captor  in  pursuing  the  rest. 
When  all  are  taken  the  game  is  finished  ; 
and  he  who  was  first  taken  is  bound  to 
act  as  catcher  in  the  next  game.  This 
innocent  sport  seems  'to  be  almost  en- 
tirely forgotten  in  the  south  of  S.  It  is 
also  falling  into  desuetude  in  the  north. 
—  Perhaps  from  barley  and  break,  q. 
breaking  of  the  parley.  This  game  was 
well  known  in  England. 

B ARLA-FUMMIL,  Barla-Fumble.  1 .  An 
exclamation  for  a  truce  by  one  who  has 
fallen  down  in  wrestling  or  play.  Chr. 
Kirk.  2.  It  is  also  used,  perhaps  impro- 
perly, for  a  fall.  Colvil. — Fr.  parlez,  foi 
melez,  "  let  us  have  a  truce,  and  blend 
our  faith." 

BARLEY,  *.  A  term  used  in  the  games 
of  children,  when  a  truce  is  demanded,  S. 
■ — Fr.  parlez ;  E.  parley. 

BARLEY-BOX,  s.  A  small  box  of  a  cyl- 
indrical form,  now  made  as  a  toy  for  chil- 
dren, but  formerly  used  by  farmers  for 
carrying  samples  of  barley,  or  other  grain, 
to  market,  S.  In  Aberd.  it  is  called 

BARLEY-BREE,  s.  Liquor  made  from 
barley ;  when  fermented,  ale,  beer,  &c. ; 
when  distilled,  whisky.  The  juice  or 
broth  of  barley. 

BARLEY-CORN,  s.  A  species  of  grain, 

BARLEY-FEVER,  *-.  Sickness  occasioned 
by  intoxication,  S.O.   V.  Barrel-Fevers. 

BARLEY-MEN.     V.  Burlaw. 

BARLEY-SICK,  adj.  Intoxicated;  sick 
from  too  much  of'  the  barley-bree,  S.O. 
Song,  Wee  Wifockie. 

BARLEY-SICKNESS,s.  Intoxication,  S.O. 

BARLICHOOD,  5.  A  fit  of  obstinacy  or 
ill-humour,  especially  as  the  result  of  in- 
temperance, S.  Sometimes  Barleyhood. 
Bamsay. — From  barley;  as  expressing  the 
effect  of  any  intoxicating  beverage. 

BARLING,?.     Afirepole.    Bates. 

BARM,  s.     Yeast,  S.     A.S.  bearm,  id. 

To  BARM,  t.  n.  To  fret ;  to  fume ;  to 
wax  wroth,  Ettr.  For. 

BARME  HORS.  A  horse  without  a  saddle, 
Ang.     Wyntown. 

BARMY,  adj.  1.  Volatile  ;  giddy.  Mont- 
gomery. 2.  Passionate  ;  choleric.  "  A 
barmy  quean,"  a  passionate  woman,  S. — 
From  E.  barm,  yeast. 

BARMY-BRAINED,  adj.  Volatile ;  giddy. 
St.  Bonan. 

BARMING,  s.  Interest  arising  from  mo- 
ney, Ayrs.     The  Entail. 

BARMKYN,  Bermkyn,  s.  1.  The  rampart 
or  outermost  fortification  of  a  castle. 
2.  An  aperture  for  musketry.     Wallace. 



— Fr.  barbacanc;  or  Teut.  barm,  a  mound, 
with  the  termination  kin. 

BARN  AGE,  s.  1.  Barons  or  noblemen,  col- 
lectively viewed.  O.Fr.  Wallace.  2.  A 
military  company  ;  including  both  chief- 
tains and  followers.    Douglas.   V.  Bakne. 

BARNAT,  adj.  Native.  Our  barnat  land, 
q.  the  land  of  our  bamheid  or  nativity. 

BARNE,  s.  The  same  with  Barnage. 
O.Fr.  barnez,  nobility.     Wallace. 

BARNE,  s.     A  child.     V.  Bairn. 

BARN-DOOR  FOWL,  s.  A  dunghill  fowl. 
Bride  of  Lammermoor. 

BARNE,  s.  Apparently  for  barme,  bosom. 

BARNEAIGE,  Barnage,  s.  Childhood. 
Aberd,  Rrq. 

BARNEHE1D,  s.  Childhood  ;  also,  child- 
ishness.    V.  Bairn. 

BARNY,  s.  Abbrev.  of  the  name  Barnaby 
or  Barnabas. 

BARNMAN,  Barnsman,  s.  One  who  la- 
bours in  the  barn. 

BARNS-BREAKING,  s.  1 .  Any  mischiev- 
ous or  injurious  action;  in  allusion  to  the 
act  of  breaking  up  a  barn  for  carrying  off 
corn,  S.  Fortunes  of  Nigel.  2.  Au  idle 
frolic.     Gl.  Antiquary. 

BARNYARD,  Barnyaird,  s.  An  enclo- 
sure, or  court,  adjoining  the  barn,  in  which 
grain  or  straw  is  stacked,  S.     Burns. 

BARNYARD  BEAUTY,  s.  A  buxom, 
fresh-coloured  girl,  who  appears  hand- 
some in  the  eyes  of  the  vulgar,  S. 

BARRAGE,  Barras,  Barres,  Barrowis,  s. 
1.  A  barrier;  an  outwork  at  the  gate  of 
a  castle.  Wyntoicn.  2.  An  enclosure  made 
of  felled  trees  for  the  defence  of  armed 
men.  Wallace.  3.  Lists  for  combatants. 
Douglas. — O.Fr.  barres,  palaestra. 

BARRAS-DORE,  s.  A  door  made  of  bars 
of  wood,  alike  distant  from  each  other, 

BARRAT,  s.   1.  Hostile  intercourse ;  battle. 
Wallace.  2.  Contention,  of  whatever  kind. 
Dunbar.     3.    Grief;  vexation;  trouble. 
Gawan   and   Gol. — Su.G.   Isl.   baratta, 
BARRATRIE,  s.    The  crime  of  clergymen 
who  went  abroad  to  purchase  benefices 
from  the  see  of  Rome  for  money.     Acts 
Ja.  I. — L.B.  baratria,  from  O.Fr.  barat, 
BARREL-FERRARIS.    V.  Ferraris. 
BARREL-FEVERS,  8.  pi.     A  term  used 
by  the  vulgar,  to   denote   the    disorder 
produced   in   the   body   by   intemperate 
drinking,  S.     V.   Barley-Fever.     The 
Dutch  have  a  similar  designation;  kelder- 
koorts,  the  cellar-ague. 
BARRIE,.?.  LA  swaddling  cloth  of  flannel, 
in  which  the  legs  of  au  infant  are  wrapped 
for  defending  them  from  the  cold,  S.  2.  A 
woman's  under-petticoat,  Ayrs. 
BARRITCIIFU',  adj.     Harsh;  stern  ;  un- 


feeling;  cruel.    Perhaps  barrat-full,  from 
barrat,  hostile  intercourse,  contention. 

To  BARROW,  r.  a.  To  borrow,  S.O. 
Beg.  Dalton. 

BARROWMAN,s.  One  who  carries  stones, 
mortar,  &c,  to  masons  on  a  haud-6arnnr. 
Tenant's  Card.  Beaton. 

BARROWSTEEL,  s.  Equal  cooperation. 
When  a  man  and  his  wife  draw  well  to- 
gether, each  is  said  to  keep  up  his  or  her 
ain  barrowsteel,  Roxb.  A.S.  and  O.E. 
stele,  a  handle.  In  working  together, 
each  keeps  up  the  hands  of  the  barrow. 

BARROW-TRAM,  s.  1.  The  limb  of  a 
hand-barrow.  2.  Applied  jocularly  to 
a  raw-boned,  awkward-looking  person,  S. 

BARS,  s.     A  grate,  Roxb.  q.  ribs  of  iron. 

BARSK,  adj.  Harsh;  husky.  Allan.  V. 

BAR-STANE,  s.  One  of  the  upright  stones 
in  which  the  ribs  of  a  grate  are  fixed, 
Roxb.     Syn.  Catstane. 

BARTANE,  s.  Great  Britain.  Bannatync 

BARTANE  CLAYTH.  Perhaps  cloth  of 
Britain,  or  of  Bretagne,  or  of  a  town 
named  Barton. 

BARTANYE,Bertanye,s.  Britanny.  Bcl- 

BARTENYIE.  Bartenyie falcones.  Ban- 
natyne's  Journal.  Perhaps  artillery  made 
in  Brittany. 

BARTILL,  Brattil,  s.  Abbrev.  of  Bar- 

BART  ILL-DAY,  s.  St.  Bartholomew's 
Day  in  the  Roman  Catholic  Calendar. 
Aberd.  Beg. 

To  BARTIR,  r.  a.  To  lodge,  properly  on 
free  quarters. — Teut.  bartcer-en,  exigere 

BARTIZAN,  Bertisene,  s.  LA  battle- 
ment on  the  top  of  a  house  or  castle,  or 
around  a  spire,  S.  Statist.  Ace.  2.  Any 
kind  of  fence,  as  of  stone  or  wood, 
Mearns. — O.Fr.  bretesche,  wooden  towers 
used  for  defence  ;  Ital.  bcrtesca. 

BASE  DANCE,  A  kind  of  dance,  slow  and 
formal  in  its  motions.  Complaynt  S. — 
Fr.  basse  danse. 
To  BASH,  r.  a.  1.  To  beat  to  shreds. 
Loth.  Smash  synon.  2.  To  beat  with 
severe  strokes,  S.O.  3.  To  dint  or  injure 
by  crushing. — Su.G.  bas-a,  to  strike. 
BASH,  s.    LA  blow,  S.     2.  A  dint  caused 

by  a  blow,  Lanarks.  S.A. 
To  BASH  up,  r.  a.     To  bow  or  bend  the 
point   of    an    iron    instrument  inwards, 
To  BASHLE,  r.  a.     V.  Baichle,  r. 
BASING,  Bassing,  s.     A  bason  ;  pi.  bas- 

ingis.     Bellendcn.     Fr.  bassin,  id. 
BASIT,  part.  pa.     Apparently  humbled  ; 
abased.     Bellenden. — O.Fr.  abais-er,  to 
humble  ;  to  abase. 
BASK,  adj.    Very  dry.     A  bask  day  ;  a  dry 
withering  day,  Dumfr. 




BASNATIS,  *.  pi.  Apparently  small 
bowls  or  basons  ;  from  Fr.  basinette,  a 
small  bason. 

BASNET,  s.     A  helmet.     V.  Bassanet. 

BA'-SPELL,  Ba'-Speil,  s,  A  match  at 
football,  Aberd.   S.A.     V.  Bonspel. 

BASS.  1.  This  term  is  used  in  S.  for  the 
inner  bark  of  a  tree.  2.  A  mat  laid  at 
a  door  for  cleaning  the  feet  ;  also,  one 
used  for  packing  bales,  S.  3.  A  table- 
mat  to  prevent  hot  dishes  from  staining 
the  table. — Teut.  bast,  cortex. 

BASS  AN  AT,  Basnet,  s.  A  helmet.  Acts 
Ja.  I V.- — O.Fr.  bacinet,  bassinet,  a  hat 
or  casque  of  steel,  very  light,  made  in  the 
form  of  a  bason. 

BASSE  FEE.  Base  fee,  a  term  in  English 
law  ;  "  a  tenure  in  fee  at  the  will  of  the 
lord,  distinguished  from  Soccage  free  ten- 
ure."— "  What  may  be  defeated  by  limi- 
tation or  entry."     Coke. 

BASSEN'D,  adj.     V.  Bawsand. 

B ASSIE,  Bassy,  Basey,  s.  A  large  wooden 
dish,  used  for  carrying  meal  from  the  gir- 
nal  to  the  bakeboard ;  or  for  containing 
the  meal  designed  for  immediate  use. 
S.B.     Ross. — Fr.  bassin,  a  bason. 

B  ASSIE,  s.  An  old  horse,  Clydes.  Loth. 
V.  Bawsand. 

BASSIL,  s.  A  long  cannon,  or  piece  of 
ordnance.  Pitscuttie. — Abbrev.  from  Fr. 

BASSIN,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to  rushes. 
Douglas. — Teut.  biese,  juncus,  scirpus. 
L.B.  basse,  a  collar  for  cart-horses  made 
of  flags. 

BASSINAT,s.  Some  kind  of  fish.  Bellen- 

BASSNYT,  adj.  White-faced.  Gl.  Sibb. 
V.  Bawsand. 

BAST,  fret.  Beat ;  struck.— Su.G.  basa, 
Isl.  beysta,  to  strike.    V.  Baist. 

BASTAILYIE,  s.  A  bulwark  ;  a  block- 
house. Bellenden. — Fr.  bastille,  a  fort- 
ress ;  a  castle  furnished  with  towers. 

BASTANT,«<7/.  Possessed  of  ability.  Mon- 
ro's Exped. — Fr.6«sZa»£,whatis  sufficient. 

BASTARD  PYP.  Probably  a  small  pipe. 
"  Ane  bastard  pyp  of  fegis  and  raisingis." 
Aberd.  Req. 

BASTIES,  Bastish,  adj.  1.  Coarse,  hard, 
bound;  applied  to  soil.  2.  Obstinate, ap- 
plied to  temper,  Ayrs.  Teut.  Isl.  bast, 
cortex,  q.  covered  with  bark,  having  a 
hard  coat  on  it.     Su.G.  basta,  to  bind. 

BASTILE,  Bastel,  s.  A  fortress,  princi- 
pally meant  for  securing  prisoners,  South 
of  S.     Statist.  Ace.     V.  Bastailyie. 

BASTOUN,  s.  A  heavy  staff;  a  baton. 
Douglas. — Fr.  boston,  baton,  id. 

BAT,  s.     A  staple  ;  a  loop  of  iron,  S. 

BAT,  s.  A  blow  on  the  side  of  the  head, 

To  BAT,  r.  a.  To  strike  ;  to  beat,  Ettr. 
For.— O.Goth,  batt-a,  Alem.  butt-en.  Fr. 
batt-re,  id. 

BAT,  8.  Condition  ;  as,  "  About  the  auld 
bat,"  in  an  ordinary  state,  Roxb.  About 
a  bat,  upon  a  par,  Ettr.  For. 

BAT,  s.  A  holme  ;  a  river  island,  Tweedd. 
V.  Ana. 

BATAILL,  Battall,  s.  1.  Order  of  battle; 
battle  array.  Barbour.  2.  A  division  of 
an  army  ;  a  battalion.  Barbour.  3.  It 
seems  to  signify  military  equipment. 
Barbour. — Fr.  bataille,  order  of  battle  ; 
also,  a  squadron,  battalion,  or  part  of  an 
army  ;  deduced  from  Germ,  batt-eu,  cae- 
dere ;  A.S.  beatt-an,  id. 

*  BATCH,  s.  A  crew  ;  a  gang,  properly  of 
those  who  are  viewed  as  of  the  same  kid- 
ney or  profession.     Burns. 

BATCHELOR  COAL,  s.  A  species  of  dead 
coal,  which  appears  white  in  the  fire. 
Sutherl.     V.  Gaist,  sense  3. 

BATE,  Bait,  s.  A  boat.  Barbour.— A.S. 
Alem.  Isl.  and  Su.G.  bat;  C.B.  and  Ir.  bad, 

BATHE,  Baith,  Bayth,  Baid,  adj.  Both, 
S.  Baid  is  the  prou.  of  Angus.  Some 
of  our  old  writers  apply  both  to  more  than 
two  persons  or  things.  Wyntou-n. — Moes. 
G.  ba,  bai,  bagoth  ;  A.S.  ba,  buta  ;  Alem. 
bedia,bedu,beidu;  Isl.  and  Su.G.  bade ; 
Dan.  baade ;  Germ,  beide  ;  Belg.  beyde  ; 

To  BATHER,  Badder,  r.  a.  To  fatigue  by 
ceaseless  prating,  or  by  impertinent  re- 
monstrances. Syn.  Bother.  Heart  Mid- 

BATHER,  Baddee,  s.  Plague ;  trouble  ; 
prating;  applied  to  a  troublesome  person. 
C.B.  baldordd,  tattle. 

BATHIE,s.  Abbrev.ofthenameJBrfAia,S.B. 

BATHIE,  s.  A  booth  or  hovel  ;  a  summer 
shealing  ;  a  hunting-seat  of  boughs,  &c. 
Lea.  of  Montrose.     V.  Bothie. 

BATIEJ  Bawty,  s.  1.  A  name  for  a  dog, 
without  any  particular  respect  to  species; 
generally  given,  however,  to  those  of  a 
larger  size,  S.  Poems  Buchan  Dial.  2. 
Metaph.  like  E.  dog,  a  term  of  contempt 
for  a  man.  3.  A  common  name  for  a 
hare,  Roxb.— Perhaps  from  O.Fr.  baud, 
a  white  hound;  baud-ir,  to  excite  dogs 
to  the  chase. 

BATIE,  Bawtie,  adj.  Round  and  plump; 
applied  either  to  man  or  beast,  Clydes. 
Perhaps  from  A.S.  bat-an,  inescare,  q.  to 
bait  well. 

BATIE-BUM,  Batie-Bumjiil,s.  A  simple- 
ton ;  an  inactive  fellow.  V.  Blaitiebum. 
Maitland  P.— From  batie,  a  dog,  and 
bum,  to  make  a  humming  noise.  Teut. 
bommel,  a  drone. 

BATON,  s.  The  instrument  for  beating 
mortar,  Aberd. 

BATRONS,  «.  A  name  given  to  the  cat. 
Ayrs.  Elsewhere  Badrans,  Bauthrans, 
q.  v.   Pickets  Poems. 

BATS,s.  pi.  1.  The  Bots;  a  disease  in  horses 
caused  by  small  worms.     2.  Ludicrously 




applied  to  a  bowel  complaint,  and  to  the 
colic  in  men,  S.O.  Polwart. — Teut.  botte, 
papula,  a  swelling  with  many  reddish 
pimples  that  eat  and  spread.  Swed.  bett, 
pediculi,  from  bit-a,  mordere. 

BATT,  s.  To  keep  one  at  the  Batt ;  to  keep 
one  steady.  Hogg's  Winter  Tales— Fr. 
batte,"  the  boulster  of  a  saddle,"  Cotgr. 

BATTALL,  s.     A  battalion.     V.  Bataill. 

BATTALLINE,  s.  Perhaps  a  projection 
or  kind  of  verandah  of  stone.  Descr. 
Chanonry  of  Aberd. 

BATTALLING,  Battelling,  s.  A  battle- 
ment. Douglas. — Fr.  bastille,  batille,  tur- 
riculis  fastigiatus. 

BATTALOUSS,  adj.  Brave  in  fight.  Col- 
kelbie  Soto. 

BATTAR-AX,  s.  A  battle-ax.  Dunbar. 
— Fr.  battre,Ital.baUar'e} to  strike  ;  also, 
to  fight. 

B ATTART,  Battard,  Batter,  s.  A  small 
cannon.  Inventories. —  Fr.  bastarde,  "a 
demie-cannon  or  demie-culverin  ;  a  smal- 
ler piece  of  any  kind,"  Cotgr. 

BATTELL,  adj.  Rich  for  pasture.  JBel- 
lenden.     V.  Baittle. 

To  BATTER,  r.  a.  1.  To  lay  a  stone  so  as 
to  make  it  incline  to  one  side,  or  to  hew 
it  obliquely  ;  a  term  used  in  masonry,  S. 
2.  To  give  a  wall,  in  building  it,  an  in- 
clination inwards,  S. — Fr.  battre,  to  beat. 

BATTER,  s.  1 .  The  slope  given  to  a  wall 
in  building,  by  which  it  is  made  narrower 
from  the  bottom  upwards.  2.  Used  also 
to  denote  an  expansion  or  widening  as  a 
wall  rises. 

BATTER,  s.  A  species  of  artillery.  V. 

To  BATTER,  v.  a.  To  paste  ;  to  cause  one 
body  to  adhere  to  another  by  means  of  a 
viscous  substance,  S. 

BATTER,  s.  A  glutinous  substance,  used 
for  producing  adhesion  ;  paste,  S. 

BATTICK,  s.  A  piece  of  firm  land  be- 
tween two  rivulets,  or  two  branches  of 
the  same  river,  Loth.     V.  Battock. 

B ATTILL-GERS.  "  Thick,  rank,  like  men 
in  order  of  battle."  Rudd. — This,  how- 
ever, may  be  the  same  with  baittle,  ap- 
plied to  grass  that  is  well  stocked,  South 
of  S. — Teut.  battel  and  bottel-boom,  denote 
the  arbutus,  or  wild  strawberry  tree. 

BATTIRT,s.  A  small  cannon.  Invento- 
ries.   V.  Battart. 

BATTLE,  adj.  Thick  ;  squat  ;  as,  "  a 
battle  horse";  otherwise  called  a  punch 
pony,  Buclian.     V.  Battell. 

BATTLE  of  Strae.  A  bundle  of  straw, 
Loth.     E.  Bottle. 

To  BATTLE  Strae.  To  make  up  straw  in 
small  parcels,  battles,  or  E.  bottles. 

BATTOCK,  s.  A  tuft  of  grass,  a  spot  of 
gravel,  or  ground  of  any  kind,  surround- 
ed by  water,  Selkirks.  Gael,  bad,  a  tuft. 
V.  Bat,  a  holme. 

BATWARD,  s,    A  boatman  :  literally,  a 

boatkeeper.  Wyntoym. — lsl.bat,  cymba, 
and  rard,  vigil ;  Swed.  ward,  custodia. 

BAVARD,  adj.  Worn  out  ;  in  a  state  of 
bankruptcy.  Baiter  and  baiver-like,  are 
used  in  S.  to  signify  shabby  in  dress  and 
appearance.  Baillie.  V.  Bevar. — Fr. 
bavard,  bareur,  a  driveller  ;  also,  a  bab- 

BAVARIE,  a.  1.  A  great-coat.  2.  Figu- 
ratively, a  disguise,  or  what  is  employed 
to  cover  moral  turpitude.  Picken's  Poems. 

BAUB,  s.  Beat  of  drum ;  S.  ruff.  Perhaps 
of  the  same  origin  with  E.  bob,  to  strike  ; 
to  beat;  or  allied  to  Belg.  babb-en,  garrire, 
from  the  quick  reiterated  strokes,  when 
a  roll  is  beat. 

BAUBLE,  s.  A  short  stick,  with  a  head 
carved  at  the  end  of  it  like  a  poupie,  or 
doll,  carried  by  the  fools  or  jesters  of  for- 
mer times.  Lord  Hailes. — Fr.  babiole,  a 
toy,  a  gewgaw. 

BAUCH,  Baugh,  Baach,  (gutt.)  adj.  1. 
Ungrateful  to  the  taste.'  In  this 'sense 
waugh  is  now  used,  S.  Polwart.  2.  Not 
good  ;  insufficient  in  whatever  respect, 
S. ;  as, "  a  baugh  tradesman,"  one  who  is 
far  from  excelling  in  his  profession. 
Ramsay.  Bauch-shod,  a  term  applied  to 
a  horse  when  his  shoes  are  much  worn,  S. 
3.  Indifferent ;  sorry  ;  not  respectable,  S. 
Ramsay.  4.  Not  slippery.  In  this  sense 
ice  is  said  to  be  bauch,  when  there  has 
been  a  partial  thaw.  The  opposite  is 
slid  or  gleg,  S.  5.  Applied  to  tools  that  are 
turned  in  the  edge ;  opposed  to  Gleg,  S.B. 
6.  Abashed  ;  as,  "  He  lookit  unco  baugh," 
he  looked  much  out  of  countenance, 
Perths.  7.  Backward  ;  reluctant  from 
timidity,  Clydes.  8.  Tired;  jaded, 
South  of  S.  Jacob.  Rel.  .0.  Not  thriv- 
ing ;  without  animation,  Moray. — Isl. 
bag-iir,  reluctans,  renuens  ;  bage,  jactura, 
nocumentum,  (offals)  ;  baga,  bardum  et 
insulsum  carmen. 

To  BAUCHLE,  Bachle,  v.  n.  1 .  To  shamble ; 
to  move  loosely  on  the  hinder  legs,  S. 
2.  To  walk  as  those  having  flat  soles, 
Lanarks.     V.  r.  a. 

To  BAUCHLE,  Bawchyll,  Bachle,  (gutt.) 
Bashle,  v.  a.  1.  To  wrench  ;  to  distort ; 
to  put  out  of  shape;  as,  "to  bauchle  shoon" 
to  wear  shoes  in  so  slovenly  a  way  as  to 
let  them  fall  down  in  the  heels,  S.  Journ. 
London.  2.  To  treat  contemptuously  ; 
to  vilify.  Wallace.  3.  To  Bauchle  a 
lass,  to  jilt  a  young  woman,  Loth. 
Bashle  may  be  allied  to  Fr.  bossel-er,  to 
bruise. — Isl.  baekell,  luxatus,  valgus, 
shambling ;  biag-a,  violare,  whence  Iriag- 
adr,  luxatus,  membrorumvaletudine  vio- 

BAUCHLE,  Bachel,s.  1.  An  old  shoe, 
used  as  a  slipper,  S.  2.  Whatsoever  is 
treated  with  contempt  or  disrespect.  To 
mak  a  bauchle  of  anything,  to  use  it  so 
frequently  and  familiarly,  as  to  show  that 




one  has  no  respect  for  it,  S.  A  person  set 
up  as  the  butt  of  a  compauy,  or  a  laugh- 
ing-stock, is  said  to  be  made  a  handle 
of.  Ferguson's  Proc.  3.  A  mean,  feeble 
creature.    Hogg. 

BAUCHLES,  «.  pi.  Two  pieces  of  wood, 
fixed  longitudinally  one  on  each  side  of 
a  cart,  without  the  body,  to  extend  the 
surface,  Perths. 

BAUCHLY,  adv.  Sorrily  ;  indifferently, 
S.    Ramsay.    From  Bauch,  adj. 

BAUCHLING,  s.  Taunting  ;  scornful  and 
contumelious  rallying.    Balfour's  Pract. 

BAUCHNESS,  s.  Want  ;  defect  of  any 
kind,  S.     Ibid. 

BAUD,  Bawd,  s.  A  baud  of  whins;  a 
quantity,  or  bed,  of  whins  growing  closely 
together,  covering  a  considerable  space, 
Loth.     Gael,  bad,  a  tuft. 

BAUDRONS,  s.  A  kindly  designation  for 
a  cat,  S.   Bord.  Minstrelsy.    V.  Badrans. 

To  BAVER,  v.  n.  To  shake,  Renfr.— Teut. 
beven,  Belg.  beeven,  to  tremble,  beever,  a 

To  BAUF,  v.  n.  To  make  a  clattering 
noise  with  the  shoes  in  walking,  Dunrfr. 
V.  Baff,  Beff,  to  beat,  to  strike. 

BAUGIE,  s.  An  ornament  ;  as,  a  ring,  a 
bracelet.  Douglas. — Teut.  bagge,  gemma  ; 
Isl.  baug-r ;  Alem.  bong ;  A.S.  beag ;  Fr. 
bague  ;  Ital.  bagua,  annulus. 

BAUK,  Bawk,  s.  A  strip  of  land  left  un- 
ploughed,  two  or  three  feet  in  breadth, 
S.  Statist.  Ace. — A.S.  and  C.B.  bale, 
Su.G.  ball;  porca,  a  ridge  of  land  between 
two  furrows  ;  Isl.  baidkur,  lira  in  agro, 
vel  alia  soli  eminentia  minor. 

To  BAUK,r.  n.  To  leave  small  strips  of 
land  not  turned  up  in  ploughing,  S. 

BAUK,  Bawk,  s.  1.  One  of  the  cross-beams 
in  the  roof  of  a  house,  which  support  and 
unite  the  rafters,  S.  2.  Banks  in  pi. 
expl.  the  lofting  of  a  house,  Ettr.  For. 
The  flat  inner  roof  of  a  cottage.  3.  The 
beam  by  which  scales  are  suspended  in 
a  balance,  S.  Teut.  balck  icaeghe,  a  bal- 
ance. We  invert  the  term,  making  it 
tceigh-bauks. — Germ,  balk;  Belg.  balck; 
Dan.  bielke,  a  beam. 

Back-height,  Bawk-Height,  adv.  As 
high  as  the  bauks  or  cross-beams  of  a  house 
or  barn,  S. 

To  Loup  Bauk-Height.  To  spring  as  high 
as  the  cross-beams  in  a  house,  S.  The 
Farmer's  Ha'. 

To  Stenn  or  Stend  Bauk-Height.  Same 
as  above,  Aberd. 

BAUKIE,*.  Thebat,S.B.  V.Bak,Backie- 


BAUKIE,  g.    A  tether-stake,  Buchan.   V. 

To  BAUKIE,  r.  a.     To  raise  a  person  on 

one's  shoulders  to  any  object  beyond  his 

reach,  Ayrs. 
BAUKIE,  a.     The  razorbill,  or  Auk,  Alca 

torda,  Orkn.    Barry. 

BAUKS  and  BREDS.  A  beam  and  boards 
for  weighing  bulky  articles,  as  wool,  &c, 
Teviotd. — Dan.  and  A.S.  braede,  a  board. 

To  BAULD  the  glead.  To  blow  up  the  fire; 
to  make  it  bold  ;  to  kindle  the  glowing 
coal,  Roxb.    A.  Scott's  Poems. 

BAULDIE,  s.  Abbrev.  of  the  name  Archi- 
bald, S.     Gentle  Shepherd. 

BAULDLIE,  adv.    Boldly,  S.    JST.  Burne. 

BAULDNESS,  s.  Boldness  ;  audacity,  S. 
JY.  Burne.    V.  Bald,  Bauld. 

BAUSY,  adj.  Big  ;  strong.  Dunbar. — 
Su.G.  basse,  vir  potens. 

BAUTIE,  adj.  Guileful,  Clydes.  Perhaps 
from  Fr.  bath;  (part.  pa.  bati,)  to  frame, 
to  contrive. 

BAUWIE,  s.  A  broad,  shallow  milk-dish, 
Roxb.     Syn.  Bowie. 

BAW,  s.  The  calf  of  the  leg,  Galloway. 
Davidson's  Seasons. 

To  BAW,  v.  a.  To  hush  ;  to  lull.  Watson. 
— Fr.  bas,  low.     V.  Balow. 

BAW,  s.  1.  A  ball,  used  in  play,  S.  Bam- 
say.  2.  Money  given  to  school-boys  by 
a  marriage  company,  to  prevent  their 
being  maltreated  ;  as  otherwise  they  claim 
a  right  to  cut  the  bride's  gown,  S.  This 
is  the  same  with  Ball  money,  E.  V. 
Coles. — Corr.  from  E.  ball. 

BAWAW,  s.  An  oblique  look,  implying 
contempt  or  scorn,  S.B.  Boss. 

BAWAW,  s.  Used  as  a  ludicrous  term  for 
a  child,  Ettr.  For. 

BAWBEE-ROW,  g.  A  halfpenny  roll,  S. 
St.  Bo  nan. 

BAWBIE,*.     A  half-penny.     V.  Babie. 

BAWBREK,  Bawbrick,  s.  A  kneading- 
trough,  or  a  board  used  for  the  same  pur- 
pose in  baking  bread,  Loth.  Roxb. — A.S. 
bacan,  or  Dan.  bager,  to  bake,  and  Dan. 
brikke,  a  little  round  table. 

BAWBRIE,  ,o.  A  broil ;  a  great  noise  ;  a 
gipsy  term,  Roxb. 

BAWBURD,  Bawbret,  s.  The  baking- 
board.  V.  Bawbrek. — A.S.  bacan,  to 
bake,  and  bord,  a  table.     V.  Burd. 

BAWBURD,  s.  The  larboard,  or  the  left 
side  of  a  ship.  Douglas. — Fr.  bas-bord  ; 
Isl.  bagborda,  id. 

BAWD,  s.  A  hare,  Aberd.  Poems  Buchan 
Dial. — A.S.  Ir.  and  Gael,  miol  denotes  a 
beast  of  whatever  kind  ;  miol  bhuide,  or 
boide,  is  a  hare  ;  also  patas. 

BAWD-BREE,  ?.     Hare-soup,  Aberd. 

BAWDEKYN,  s.  Cloth  of  gold.— Fr.  bal- 
dachin, baldaquin,  baudequin,  L.B.  balda- 
chin inn,  tissue  de  fil  d'or. 

BAWGIE,  g.  The  great  black  and  white 
gull.  Shetl.     Edmonstone. 

To  BAWME,  v.  a.  1.  To  embalm.  Fr.  em- 
baum-er.  Wyntown.  2.  To  cherish  ;  to 
warm.     Douglas. 

BAWSAND,  Bassand,  Bawsint,  adj.  1. 
Having  a  white  spot  on  the  forehead  or 
face  ;  a  term  applied  to  a  horse,  cow,  &c, 
S.    Douqlas.    2.  It  seems  to  be  used  as 



equivalent  to  bridled  or  streaked,  S.A. 
Minstrelsy  Bord.  Hence,  it  would  seem, 
lassie,  an  old  horse,  S. — Fr.  balzan,  bal- 
san,  a  horse  that  has  a  white  mark  on 
the  feet ;  deduced  from  Ital.  balzano,  and 
this  from  Lat.  bal-ius,  a  horse  that  has  a 
white  mark  either  on  the  forehead  or  feet. 
Germ,  blaesse,  Su.G.  Maes,  a  white  mark 
on  the  forehead  of  a  horse.  Hence,  per- 
haps, E.  blazon,  and  blaze. 

BAWS Y-BROWN,  s.  A  hobgoblin  ;  viewed 
as  the  same  with  Robin  Goodfellow  of 
England,  and  Brownie  of  S.  Bannatyne 
Poems. — Perhaps  from  Su.G.  basse,  vir 
potens,  V.  Bausy;  or  base,  spectrum,  and 
brun,  fuscus,  q.  the  strong  goblin  of  a 
brown  appearance. 

BAXTER,  8.  A  baker,  S.  V.  Baksxeb. 

BAZED,  Based,  B\sii,part.  pa.  Confused ; 
stupid  ;  stupified  ;  synon.  dosed.  Wat- 
son's Coll.  Maitland  Poems. — Teut.  baes- 
en,  delirare  ;  Belg.  byse,  bysen,  turbatus  ; 
Su.G.  bes-a  denotes  the  state  of  animals 
so  stung  by  insects,  that  they  are  driven 
hither  and  thither  ;  Fr.  bez-er,  id. 

BE,  prep.  1.  By  ;  as  denoting  the  cause, 
agent,  or  instrument,  S.  Barbour.  2. 
Towards,  in  composition  ;  as,  be-east,  to- 
wards the  east ;  be-west,  towards  the  west, 

5.  Wyntown.  3.  Of,  concerning  ;  as, 
be  the,  concerning  thee.  Wallace.  4. 
By  the  time  that.  Diallog.  5.  During, 
expressive  of  the  lapse  of  time.     Keith. 

6.  Without  the  aid  of  ;  besides.  7.  From. 
8.  In  comparison  with  ;  compared  with  ; 
V.  Beis.  9.  Than,  Roxb.  This  field  is 
bigger  be  that. —  A.S.  be,  per,  de,  circa. 
Be  than,  by  that  time. 

BE,  part. pa.  Been.    Douglas. 

To  BE,  v.  stibst.  Used  in  the  same  sense 
with  Let,  or  Let  be  ;  not  to  mention ;  not 
to  speak  of ;  to  except,  S. 

To  BE  WF,  r.  a.  To  tolerate  ;  to  bear 
with,  S.B. ;  applied  both  to  persons  and 

BEAD.  To  make  a  bead ;  said  when  a  ring 
of  people  is  hastily  formed  on  any  hur- 
ried or  important  business,  S. 

BEAD,  s.  A  cant  term  for  a  glass  of  spirits 
in  Upp.  Lanarks. ;  also  in  Edinburgh. 

BEADHOUSE,s.  An  alms-house,  S.B.  V. 
Bede  ;  or  under  Bedis. 

*  BEAGLE,  s.  1 .  A  bumbailiff.  Siller  Gun. 
2.  "  A  pretty  beagle,"  one  having  an  odd 
appearance  from  being  bespattered  with 
mud,  &c,  Teviotd. 

BEAL,  s.  An  opening  between  hills  ;  a 
narrow  pass.  Leg.  Montrose. — Ir.  and 
Gael,  beal,  the  mouth. 

To  BEAL,  t.  n.    To  suppurate.     V.  Beil. 

To  BEAM,  Bein,  r.  a.  To  beam  the  pot; 
to  warm  or  season  the  tea-pot  before  put- 
ting in  the  tea. — Fr.  baign-er,  to  moisten, 
to  wash. 

BEAMFULT,  adj.  Indulged,  Aberd.— Isl. 


beima,  domus,  an&fylla,  implere  ;  full  of 
BEAM-SHIN'D,  adj.      Having  the  shin- 
bone  rising  with  a  sort  of  curve,  S. 
BEAN, acT/.     Comfortable;  snug.    V.  Bene. 
BEAND,  part.  pr.     Being.  A.S.  beond,  ex- 
istens,  part.  pr.  of  beon,  to  be.  Bellenden. 
BEANSHAW.    V.  Benshaw. 
BEAN-SWAUP,  s.     1.  The  hull  of  a  bean. 
2.   Anything   of  no   value    or   strength. 
Perils  of  Man. 
To  BEAR,  Ber,    Bere,  t.  a.     To  bear  on 
hand,  to  affirm,  to  relate.     Wyntown. — 
To  bear  upon,  to  restrain  one's  self,  S.B. 
Boss.     To  bear  hand  to,  to  support  ;  to 
lend  assistance  to.    Bruce.    Bear  a  hand, 
lend  your  aid,  give  your  help. 
BEAR,  Bere,  g.    Barley,  having  four  rows 
of  grains,  S.      Hordeum  vulgare,  Linn. 
Wyntown. — A.S.  bere,  Moes.G.  bar,  hor- 
BEAR-CURN,  s.  A  sort  of  hand-mill,  Fife, 
used  instead  of  the  Bear-stane.  V.  Curn,?\ 
BEAR-FEYS,  s.      Land   appropriated    to 

raising  barley,  Galloway. 
BEAR-LAND.     Land   appropriated  for  a 
crop  of  barley,  S.     To  go  through  the  bear 
land  icith  one,  to  tell  him  all  the  grounds 
of  umbrage  at  his  conduct;  to  pluck  a  crow 
with  him,  S. 
BEAR-LAVE,  Bear-Leave,  s.  Ground  the 
first  year  after  it  has  been  cropped  with 
bear,  Lanarks.     Apparently,  ground  left 
by  bear. — A.S.  laf,  laef,  reliquiae. 
BEAR-MEAL-RAIK,  s.      A   fruitless  er- 
rand.    Perhaps  originating  from  the  dis- 
appointment of  one  who  goes  out  in  quest 
of  oatmeal,  and  is  obliged  to  be  satisfied 
with  barley-meal,  Upp.  Lanarks. 
BEAR-MEAL-WIFE,?.     A  woman  who 

cannot  pay  her  debt,  Ang. 
BEAR-MELL,  s.       A  mallet  for  beating 

the  hulls  off  barley.   V.  Knockin-Meix. 
BEAR-PUNDLAR,  s.     An  instrument  for 
weighing  barley,  Orkn.     V.  Lesh-Pund. 
BEAR-ROOT,  Beer-Root,  g.      The   first 
crop  after  bear  or  barley.      Ayr.  Sure. 
BEAR-SEED,   Beer-Seed,   Beir-Seed,  s. 
1.  Barley  or  big,  S.     2.  The  labour  ap- 
propriated to  the  raising  of  barley.   Acts 
Ja.  VI.     3.  The  season  for  sowing  bar- 
ley.    V.  Beir-Seid. 
BEAR-SEED-BIRD,  g.     The  yellow  wag- 
tail, Motacilla  flava,  Linn. ;  Loth.  Roxb. 
BEAR-STANE,  s.  Ahollow  stone  anciently 
used  for  removing  the  husks  of  bear  or 
barley,  S. 
BEARANCE,  g.  Toleration,  S.  /.  Nicol. 
*  BEARD,  s.    Credulous  people  believe  that 
if  a  female  child  is  baptized  immediately 
before  a  boy,  she  will  certainly  carry  off 
the  beard  which  of  right  belongs  to  him, 
S.     Hence  parents  like  to  know  the  sexes 
of  the  infants,  that  they  may  be  presented 
in  due  order. 




BEARDIE,s.  The  three-Spined  stickle- 
back ;  a  loach,  S.,  called  Beardie  from 
the  six  small  fibres  or  beards  on  its  upper 

BEARDIE-LOWIE,  s.  The  same  as  above, 

To  BEARGE,  r.  n.  To  persist  in  clamorous 
repetition  though  disregarded.  Gl.  Surv. 

BEAR1S  BEFOR,  Ancestors.  Wallace. 
A  translation  of  Lat.  antecessors. 

BEAR-TREE,s.  Perhaps  a  spoke  used  for 
carrying  the  dead  to  the  place  of  inter- 
ment. Beir-tree,  however,  signifies  the 
bier  itself,  Aberd. 

To  BEAST,  r.  a.     To  vanquish.    V.  Baist. 

BEAST,  s.  To  Put  the  Beast  on  one's  self, 
to  take  shame  to  one's  self.  This,  per- 
haps, refers  to  the  person  called  the  baist, 
who  submits  to  be  struck  in  the  games  of 

*  BEAST,  g.  1.  Any  living  creature  in  S. 
save  man.  2.  A  horse,  by  way  of  eminence, 
is  called  the  beast. 

BEASTIE,  s.  A  diminutive  from  Beast ; 
generally  used  as  expressive  of  affection 
or  sympathy,  S.    Burns. 

BEAT,  s.  A  stroke,  a  blow,  a  contusion, 
S.B.  Apparently  the  same  with  Byt,  used 
in  this  sense  by  Douglas. 

BEAT  OF  LINT,  s.  A  sheaf  of  flax  made 
up  for  the  mill.     V.  Beet. 

BEAT-THE-BADGER,  s.  An  old  game 
used  in  Fife  ;  perhaps  Bannet-fire,  q.  v. 

BEATTIE,  s.  Abbreviation  of  the  female 
name  Beatrix.  It  is  differently  sounded 
from  Betty,  which  is  used  for  Elizabeth. 

To  BEB,  v.  n.  To  drink  immoderately;  to 
swill  ;  to  be  addicted  to  intoxicating 
liquor,  Ettr.  For.     E.  to  bib. 

To  BEBBLE,  v.  a.  1.  To  swallow  any  li- 
quid in  small,  but  frequent  draughts  ; 
whether  the  liquor  be  intoxicating  or  not, 
S.  2.  To  Tipple,  r.  n.  "  He's  ay  beb- 
bling  and  drinking  "  ;  he  is  much  given 
to  tippling,  S.  It  seems  to  be  formed 
from  Lat.  bibere  to  drink,  in  the  same 
manner  as  bibulus,  soaking,  drinking,  or 
taking  it  wet. 

To  BECHLE,  (gutt.)  v.  n.  To  cough,  Upp. 

BECHLE,  s.    A  settled  cough,  Upp.  Clydes. 

BECHT,  part.  pa.  Tied  ;  Gl.  Rudd.  Germ. 
bieg-en,  flectere,  is  probably  the  origin. 

BECK,  s.  Probably  a  brook  or  rivulet. 
Sir  A.  Balfour's  Lett.— A.S.  becc,  Su.G. 
baeck,  Teut.  beie,  rivus. 

To  BECK,  Bek,  v.  n.  1.  To  make  obei- 
sance, to  cringe,  S.  Bannatyne  Poems.  2. 
To  curtsy  ;  as  restricted  to  the  obeisance 
made  by  a  woman,  and  contradistin- 
guished from  bowing. — Isl.  beig-a,  Germ. 
bieg-en,  to  bow. 

BECK,  Bek,  s.  A  curtsy,  S.  Maitland 

BECKIE,  ?.     Abbreviation  of  Rebecca,  S. 

BECKLET,  8.  An  under- waistcoat,  or  flan- 
nel shirt.     V.  Baiklet. 

BED,  pret.  Abode.  Poems  \6th  Century. 
A.S.  bad,  tarried,  from  bid-an. 

BED.  A  woman,  when  she  has  born  a 
child,  is  said  to  get  her  bed,  Loth. 

To  BED,  v.  a.  To  supply  a  horse  or  cow 
with  litter,  S. 

BEDDING  of  a  horse,  s.     Litter,  S. 

*  BED,  ^.  In  Scotland  it  is  deemed  unlucky 
by  many,  in  making  a  bed,  to  leave  their 
work  before  it  be  finished.  The  least  evil 
that  can  be  looked  for,  is  that  the  person 
for  whom  it  is  made  will  sleep  none  that 
night.  It  is  hence  accounted  a  sufficient 
reason,  that  they  were  making  a  bed,  for 
servants  not  answering  the  bell  or  a  call 
given  in  any  way  whatever. 

BED-EVIL,  s.  Sickness,  or  indisposition, 
which  confines  the  patient  to  bed.  Bal- 
four's Pract.  From  A.S.  bed,  lectus,  and 
yfel,  malum.    V.  Bed-seik. 

BEDFALLOW,  s.  Used  as  equivalent  to 
spouse  or  wife.    Acts  J  a.  VI. 

BED-LARE,  s.  Cheld  bed  lare,  childbed. 
Act. Bom.  Cone. 

BED-LARE,  adj.  Bedrid;  confined  to  bed. 
This  is  an  inversion  of  A.S.  leger-bedd, 
"  a  bed  or  couch,"  also, "  a  sick  man's  bed, 
a  deathbed."  Leger,  a  bed,  is,  however, 
more  commonly  transferred  to  the  cause 
of  recumbency';  denoting  sickness,  dis- 
ease, &c. 

BED-PLADES,  s.  pi.  Blankets.— Gael. 
plaide,  a  blanket. 

BED-SEIK,  adj.  Confined  to  bed  by  in- 
disposition. Balfour's  Pract. — A.S.  seoc, 
sick,  occurs  in  various  composite  terms  ; 
as  deofol-seoc,  demoniacus,  i.  e.  devil-sick  ; 
moneth-seoc,  lunaticus,  month-sick  ;  fylle- 
seoc,  epilepticus,  or  having  the  falling 
sickness.    V.  Bed-Evil. 

BEDDY,  adj.  Expressive  of  a  quality  in 
greyhounds  ;  the  sense  uncertain.  Wat- 
son's Coll.  It  may  signify,  attentive  to 
the  cry  of  the  huntsman.  Fr.  baude, 
"  a  cry  as  of  hounds,  Breton  ;"  Cotgr.  It 
may,  however,  be  the  same  word  which 
occurs  in  the  S.  Prov.  ;  "  Breeding  wives 
are  ay  beddie ;"  Kelly,  p.  75.  "Cove- 
tous of  some  silly  things,"  N.  In  this 
sense  it  is  probably  allied  to  Isl.  beid-a, 
A.S.bidd-an,  Moes.  G.  bid-jan,Belg.  bidd- 
en, to  ask,  to  supplicate,  to  solicit. 

BEDE,  pret.  Offered  ;  from  the  v.  Bid. 
Sir  Gaican  and  Sir  Gal.  Chaucer  uses 
the  v.  Bede  as  signifying  to  offer. — A.S. 
baed,  obtulit,  from  beodan. 

BEDE-HOUSE,  Bead-House,  s.  A  term 
used  for  an  alms-house,  S.B.  Statist.  Ace. 

BEDE-MAN,  Beidman,  s.  1.  A  person  who 
resides  in  a  bede-house,  or  is  supported 
from  the  funds  appropriated  for  this  pur- 
pose, S.  Statist.  Ace.  2.  In  the  Court 
of  Exchequer,  this  term  is  used  to  denote 
one  of  that  class  of  paupers  who  enjoy  the 




royal  bounty.  Each  of  these  beidmen, 
annually,  on  his  Majesty's  birth-day,  re- 
ceives a  blue  great-coat,  or  gown,  as  it  is 
denominated,  (whence  they  are  vulgarly 
called  Blue-gowns,)  with  a  badge,  which 
marks  their  privilege  of  begging  ;  and  at 
the  same  time,  a  loaf  of  bread,  a  bottle  of 
ale,  a  leathern  purse,  and  in  it  a  penny 
for  every  year  of  the  king's  life.  Every 
birth-day,  another  beidman  is  added  to 
the  number,  as  a  penny  is  added  to  the 
salary  of  each  of  them.  The  designation 
has  originated  from  some  religious  foun- 
dation, in  times  of  popery.  Bedman 
occurs  in  O.E.  V.  Assoilyie,  sense  3. 
The  origin  is  A.S.  bead,  a  prayer.  Hence, 
says  Verstegan,  the  name  of  Beads, "  they 
being  made  to  pray  on,  and  Beadsman." 

BEDELUIN,  part.  pa.  Buried,  hid  under 
ground.  Douglas. — A.S.  bedel/en,  sepul- 
tus,  infossus  ;  bedelf-an,  circumfodere. 

BEDENE,  By  Dene,  adv.  1.  Quickly, 
forthwith.  Barbour.  2.  It  seems  also 
to  signify,  besides,  moreover,  in  addition, 
as  respecting  persons.  Gaican  and  Gol. 
3.  It  undoubtedly  signifies,  in  succession, 
or  "  one  after  another."  Gawan  and  Gol. 
— As  belyve,  very  similar  in  sense,  is  un- 
doubtedly the  imperat.  of  belif-an,  q. 
wait,  stay  ;  bedeen  may  have  been  formed 
in  the  same  manner,  from  Germ,  bedien- 
en,  to  serve,  to  obey. 

BEDYIT,  part.  pa.  Dipped.  Douglas.— 
A.S.  deaq-an,  tingere. 

To  BEDINK,  v.  a.  To  dress  out  trimly, 
Roxb.    V.  Dink,  Dexk. 

BEDIS,  s.  pi.  Prayers.  King's  Qua'tr. 
Germ,  bed-en  ;  Germ,  ge-be't,  prayer. 
— Hence  O.E.  bidde,  and  the  phrase,  to 
bidde  prayers,  to  ask,  to  solicit  them. 

BEDOYF,  part.  pa.  Besmeared,  fouled. 
Douglas.  —  Su.G.  doft,  dupt,  pulvis  ;  or 
A.S.  bedof-en,  submersus,  dipped. 

BEDOWIN,  part.  pa.  Douglas.— Rudd. 
expl.  bedoicyne,  besmeared,  deriving  it 
from  Belg.  bedaawen,  to  bedew,  or 

BEDRAL, .<?.  A  beadle  ;  a  sexton.  Guy 
Mannering.    V.  Betherel. 

BEDRAL,  s.  A  person  who  is  bedrid.  V. 

BEDREL,  adj.  Bedrid,  Galloway.  Dou- 
glas—Corr.  perhaps  from  A.S.  bedrida, 
id.  ;  Teut.  bedder,  clinicus,  Germ,  bed- 

BEDRITE,  r.  a.  To  befoul  with  ordure. 

BEDRITTEN,  Bedirtex,  part.  pa.  De- 
filed with  excrement,  S.     Evergreen. 

BEDS,  s.  The  Hop-Scotch,  or  Pallall,  a 
game  of  children  ;  sometimes  also  called 
the  Squares.  In  Aberd.  the  spaces 
marked  out  are  circular. 

BEDSHANK,  s.  Buttermilk  ;  sour  doock, 

BEDUNDER'D,  part.  pa.  Rtupified,  con- 

founded, S.  q.  having  the  ear  deafened  by 
noise. — Su.G.  dundr-a,  Belg.  donder-en, 
tonare,  to  thunder. 

BEE,  ^.  The  hollow  between  the  ribs  and 
hip-bone  of  a  horse,  S.B.  Perhaps  from 
A.S.  bige,  byge,  flexus,  angulus,  sinus  ; 
big-an,  byg-ean,  fiectere,  curvare. 

BEE,  s.  A  hoop  or  ring  of  metal,  put  round 
the  handle  of  anything  into  which  a  tine 
or  prong  is  inserted,  to  prevent  its  twist- 
ing asunder. — A.S.  beah,  beh,  beage,  an- 
nulus.     From  A.S.  bigan,  to  bend. 

BEE.  To  hae  a  Bee  in  one's  bonnet,  to  be 
hairbrained,  S.     St.  Ronan. 

BEE-HEADIT,  adj.  Hairbrained  ;  un- 
settled, S.  ;  synon.  Cat-wittit. 

BEE-ALE, .«.  A  species  of  beer,  or  rather 
mead,  made  from  the  refuse  of  honey, 
S.B.     This  in  Clydes.  is  called  stcats. 

BEE-BREAD,  &  The  substance  provided 
for  the  sustentation  of  young  bees  till  they 
are  able  to  go  abroad.  Maxwell's  Bee- 
master. — A.S.  beo-bread  is  by  Lye  rendered 
honey-comb,  perhaps  improperly. 

BEE-SCAP,  s.  Bee-hive,  S.  Steam-Boat. 
V.  Skep. 

BE-EAST,  Towards  the  East.  V.  BE,prep. 

BEED,  s.  Delay;  for  baid  or  bade;  Aberd. 

To  BEEK,  c.  n.  To  bathe,  Roxb.— A.S. 
becc,  Su.G.  baeck,  Isl.  beckr,  rivus. 

BEELDE,  Beld,  8.  "  Properly  an  image. — 
Model  of  perfection  or  imitation."  Gl. 
Wynt.  Wyntown.— A.S.  bilith,  bild,  Belg. 
beeld,  beld,  Sw.  bild,  imago. 

BEEN,  r.  subst.  1st  pers.  pi.  Are.  We  bet  r, 
we  are.     Adam  o'  Gordon. 

To  BEENE,  v.  n.  To  make  the  staves  of 
of  a  vessel,  when  they  have  shrunk,  swell 
by  steeping. — Su.G.  bulua,  to  swell, 
whence  S.  bolnit.  Aberd.  pronunciation 
been  it.     V.  Boldix. 

To  BEENGE,  Bynge,  v.  a.  To  cringe,  in 
the  way  of  making  much  obeisance,  S.  V. 
Beck.  Ferguson. — This  is  undoubtedly 
from  A.S.  bens-ian,  also  written  boens-ian, 
to  ask  as  a  suppliant  ;  suppliciter  petere, 
orare  ;  bensiende  supplicans. 

BEENJIN,  improperly  written,  is  expl. 
"  fawning."     J.  Nicol. 

BEENIE,  s.  Abbreviation  of  the  name 
Iiobina,  S. 

BEES.  "His  head  is  in  the  bees;"  he  is 
confused,  stupified,  or  light-headed.  V. 

To  BEET,  v.  a.     To  help,  &c.     V.  Beit. 

BEET,  Beat  of  lint,  s.  A  sheaf  or  bundle 
of  flax  as  made  up  for  the  mill,  S.  The 
strick  is  far  smaller. — Allied,  perhaps,  to 
Su.G.  bylte,  a  bundle ;  or  rather  to  bit-a, 
to  bind  up. 

To  BEET  lint.    To  tie  up  flax  in  sheaves,  S. 

BEETINBAND, .«.  The  strap  which  binds 
a  bundle  of  flax,  Ayrs. 

To  BEETLE,  v.  a.  To  beat  with  a  heavy 
mallet,  S.     Na.rwelVs  Sel.  Tram, 


BEETRAW,  Beetrie,s.     The  red  beet ;  a 
root  containing  much  saccharine  matter, 
Maxwell's  Sel.  Trans.    Corr.from  E.  beet- 
rave,id.  Fr.  bete,  beet,  and  rave,  a  radish. 
BEETS,  s.  pi.    Boots,  Aberdeen  pron. 
BEEVIT,  pari.  pa.     Perhaps,  installed  as 
a  knight.    Gau-an  and  Got. — A.S.  befeht, 
cinctus,  girded.    Somn.     V.  Falow. 
To  BEFF,  Baff,  r.  a.     To  beat;  to  strike, 
S.     Beft,   beaten,  pret,   and  part.  pa. 
Douglas. — It  is  used  more  simply  as  re- 
ferring to  the  act  of  beating  with  strokes; 
applied  to  metal.    Douglas. 
DouNBEFT,signifies  beat  down,  overthrown. 
BEFF,  Baff,  s.    A  stroke.     V.  Baff. 
To  BEFLUM,  i:  a.     To  befool  by  cajoling 
language,  conveying  the  same  idea  with 
the  E.  sham.  Warerley.  V.  Bleflum. 
BEFLUM,  s.    Idle,  nonsensical,  or  cajoling 

talk,  S. 
BEFORN,  prep.     Before.     Wallace.     It 
occurs  also  in  O.E.     R.  Bruune. — A.S. 
beforan,  ante,  coram. 
BEFOROUTH,  adv.      Before;  formerly. 

Barbour.     V.  Forowth. 
BEFT,  part.  pa.     Beaten.     V.  Beff. 
BEGANE,  part,  pa.     Covered.     Gold  be- 
gane,  overlaid  with   gold.     Douglas.  — 
Aurea  tevta,  Virg.     According  to  Rudd. 
q.  gone  over.     Chaucer  uses  the  phrase, 
With    gold    begon,    Rom.    Rose,    943, 
"  Painted  over  with  gold,"  Tyrwh. 
BEGAIRIES,  s.  pi.     Stripes  or  slips  of 
cloth  sewed  on  garments,  by  way  of  or- 
nament, such  as  are  now  worn  in  liveries; 
pessments,  S.  synon.    Acts  Ja.  VI. 
To  BEGARIE,  v.  a,     1.  To  variegate  ;  to 
deck  with  various   colours.      Lyndsay. 
2.  To  stripe  ;  to  variegate  with  lines  of 
various   colours  ;  to   streak.     Begaryit, 
striped,  part.  pa.     Douglas.     3.  To  be- 
smear ;  to  bedaub  ;  to  bespatter.    "  S. 
begaried,hed\rted."   Rudd.  vo.  Laggerit. 
Lyndsay. — This  v.  has  an  evident  affinity 
to  our  Gair,  gare,  a  stripe  of  cloth,  and 
Gaired,  gairy,  q.  v.     The  word  is  imme- 
diately allied  to  Fr.  begarr-er,  to  diver- 
sify; beqarre,  of  sundry  colours,  mingled. 
To  BEGECK,  Begaik,  Begeik,  r.  a.    To 
deceive  ;  particularly  by  playing  the  jilt, 
S.B.    Dunbar. — Teut.  gheck-en,  deridere, 
ludibrio  habere;  Belg.  beguyg-en,i\ludere. 
V.  Geck. 
BEGEIK,  Begink,  Beguxk,  s.    1 .  A  trick, 
or  illusion,  which  exposes  one  to  ridicule, 
S.     Ramsay.     2.   It   often   denotes   the 
act  of  jilting  one  in  love  ;  applied  either 
to  a  male,  or  to  a  female,  S.     Begeik  is 
the  more  common  term,  S.B.    Morison, 
BEGES,   Begess,   adv.      By   chance  ;    at 
random.     Evergreen. — From  be,  by,  and 
gess,  guess  ;  Belg.  qh  isse. 
BEGG,  .<.     Barley,  Dumfr.     Evidently  the 
same  as  Big,  Cumberl. — Dan.  byg,  Isl. 
byqg,  hordeum. 
BEGGAR-MY-NEIGHBOUR,  s.    A  game 

3  BEH 

at  cards,  similar  to  that  of  Catch-Hon- 
ours, S. 
BEGGAR'S-BROWN,  s.  Scotch  snuff; 
that  light-brown  snuff  which  is  made  of 
the  tobacco  stems. 
BEGGER-BOLTS,  s.  pi.  "  A  sort  of  darts 
or  missile  weapons.  The  word  is  used 
by  James  VI.  in  his  Battle  of  Lepanto, 
to  denote  the  weapons  of  the  forceats,  or 
galley-slaves."  Gl.  Sibb.  Hudson  writes 
beggers*  bolts.  A  friend  in  Warwickshire 
says,  "  They  were  merely  stones.  We 
call  them  Beggars'  Bullets  in  the  same 
ludicrous  sense."  The  word  may  have 
originated  from  contempt  of  the  persons 
who  used  these  arms,  q.  bolts  of  beggars. 

BEGOYT,  adj.  Foolish  ;  as,  "  nasty  begoyt 
creature,"  Banffs. — Fr.  bigaut,  an  ass  or 

To  BEGOUK,  v.  a.  To  jilt  in  courtship  ; 
to  slight  a  woman,  Peebles. 

BEGOUK,  Begowk,  s.  The  act  of  jilting. 
Saxon  and  Gael.  Synon.'  with  Begeik, 
sense  2.    Perhaps  from  guych-en,  ridere. 

BEGOUTH,  BEGovDE,pret.  Began.  Wyn- 
toxen.  Begoud  is  now  commonly  used,  S. — 
A.S.  gynn-an,  beginn-an,  seem  to  have 
had  their  pret.  formed  like  eode,  from 
qan,  ire  ;  Beqinnan,  begeode. 

BEGRAUIN,  part.  pa.  Buried;  interred. 
Douglas. — A.S.  graf-an, fodere;  Teut.  bc- 
graven,  sepelire. 

BEGRETTE,  pret.  Saluted.  Douglas  — 
A.S.  gret-an ;  Belg.  be-groet-en,  salutare. 

To  BEGRUDGE,  v.  a.  To  regret ;  to 
grudge,  S.  Perhaps  from  C.B.  grugn-ach, 
to  murmur,  to  grumble  ;  or  O.S.  grae- 
tan,  accusare. 

BEGRUTTEN,  part,  pa,  Having  the  face 
disfigured  with  weeping,  S. — Sw.  begrat- 
ande,  bewailing.     V.  Greit. 

BEGUILE,  s.  A  deception ;  a  trick  ;  the 
slip  ;  sometimes  a  disappointment,  S. 
Ruth.  Lett.     Boss. 

*  To  BEGUILE,  v.  a.  1.  To  bring  into 
error;  to  cause  to  mistake;  as,  "  I'm  saer 
beguiled,"  I  have  fallen  into  a  great  mis- 
take, S.    2.  To  disappoint,  S.    Spalding. 

To  BEGUNK, v.  a.  1.  To  cheat;  to  deceive, 
S.  2.  To  baulk ;  to  get  the  better  of,  Roxb. 

BEGUNK,  s.  An  illusion;  a  trick.  Waver- 
ley.     V.  Begeck,  v. 

BEGUNKIT,^«rf.  adj.  Cheated,  Clyde?. 
V.  Begeck. 

BEGUNNYN,  part.  pa.  Begun.— A.S. 
begunnen,  coeptus,  inceptus. 

BEHAD,/>n?f.  Demeaned,  held,  behaved, 
Bellenden,  Perhaps  from  A.S.  behald-an, 
cavere,  custodire  ;  or  from  behaefd,  pret. 
of  A.S.  behabb-an,  continere  ;  comp.  of  be 
and  habb-an,  habere. 
To  BEHALD,  Beiiaud,  Behad,  Behold, 
t.  a.  1.  To  behold,  S.  Wyntovm.  2.  To 
have  respect  to ;  to  view  with  favour  or 
partiality.  Doug/as.  Spectat,Yirg.  A.S. 
beheald-an.    3.  To  wait ;  to  delay  ;  q.  to 




look  on  for  a  while,  S. ;  used  both  as  an 
active,  and  as  a  neuter  verb.  Ross.  4. 
To  permit.  5.  To  connive  at ;  to  take 
no  notice  of.  Spalding.  6.  To  view  with 
an  eye  of  watchfulness,  scrutiny,  or  jeal- 
ousy. 7.  To  warrant ;  to  become  bound, 
as,  "  I'll  behad  he'll  do  it." 

Behold  occurs  in  the  same  sense.    Baillie. 

BEHAND,«f?r.  To  come  weel  behand ;  to 
manage  handsomely.  Perils  of  Man. 

BEHAUYNGIS,  s.  pi-  Manners ;  deport- 
ment. Bellenden.  —  Mores,  Boeth.  V. 

To  BEHECHT,  v.  n.  To  promise.  Douglas. 
— Chaucer,  behete;  A.S.  behaet-an,  id.;  R. 
Glouc.  behet ;  R.  Brunne,  be-hette,  pro- 

BEHECHT,  Behest,  Behete,  s.  1.  Pro- 
mise. Bellenden.  2.  Engagement;  cove- 
nant. 3.  Command.  Dow/las. — Chaucer, 
beheste,  id. 

*  BEHIND,  adv.  Denoting  the  non-requital 
of  a  benefit,  or  neglect  of  an  obligation ; 
haviug  with  after  it,  and  nearly  equiva- 
lent to  E.  behindhand,  s.  He  was  never 
behind  with  any  that  put  their  trust  in 
him.    Walker's  Life  of  Peden.   V.  Ahind. 

BEHO,  Boho,  s.  A  laughing-stock.  "  To 
mak  a  boho  "  of  anything,  to  hold  it  up 
to  ridicule,  S.B. — Alem.  huohe,  ludibrium. 

To  BEHUFE,  v.  n.  To  be  dependent  on. 
Douglas. — A.S.  behof-ian;  Belg.  behoev-en, 
to  stand  in  need  of,  egere,  opus  habere. 

BEHVYD, pret.     Behoved.    Aberd.  Reg. 

BEHUIS.    Behovest  or  behoves. 

BEJAN  CLASS.  A  designation  given  to 
the  Greek  class  in  the  Universities  of  St. 
Andrews  and  Aberdeen ;  as,  till  of  late,  in 
that  of  Edinburgh.  Hence,  the  students 
in  this  class  are  denominated  Bejans.  It 
is  also  written  Bajan. —  Fr.  bcjaune,  a 
novice;  an  apprentice;  a  young  beginner 
in  any  science,  art,  or  trade.  Cotgr.  de- 
rives bejaune  from  bee  jaulne,  literally  a 
yellow  beak  or  bill.  Du  Cange  observes 
that  L.B.  bejaunus  signifies  a  young  scho- 
lar of  any  university,  and  bejaunium  the 
festivity  that  is  held  on  his  arrival.  The 
term  is  thus  very  emphatic,  being  prima- 
rily used  in  relation  to  a  bird  newly 
hatched,whose  beak  is  of  a  deep  yellow. 
— This  is  also  written  Bajan. 

Bajan,  s.  One  belonging  to  the  Bajan 
Class.     Craufurd's  Hist.  Univ.  Edin. 

Semibajan  Class.  Apparently  the  Humanity 
Class.    Craufurd's  Hist.  Univ.  Edin. 

To  BEJAN,  v.  a.  When  a  new  shearer 
comes  to  a  harvest-field,  he  is  initiated 
by  being  lifted  by  the  arms  and  legs,  and 
struck  down  on  a  stone  on  his  buttocks, 
Fife.  This  custom  has  probably  had  its 
origin  in  some  of  our  universities.  It  is 
sometimes  called  Horsing. 

BEY1T,  pret.  Built.  Aberd.  Reg.— A.S. 
byeg-an,  to  build  ;  or  by-an,  to  inhabit, 
whence  bye,  a  habitation,  Su.G.  by,  id. 

BEIK,  s.     A  hive  of  bees.    V.  Byke. 

To  BEIK,  Beke,  Beek,  v.  a.  and  n.  1.  To 
bask,  S.  Barbour.  2.  To  warm  ;  to  com- 
municate heat  to.  Ramsay.  3.  It  is  often 
used  in  a  neuter  sense,  S.  Ywaine.  4.  To 
diffuse  heat ;  used  to  denote  the  genial 
influence  of  the  rays  of  the  sun.  Picken's 
Poems. — Belg.  baeker-en  is  used  in  the 
same  sense  ;  baeker-en  een  kindt,  to  warm 
a  child.  We  say,  To  beik  in  the  sun  ;  so, 
Belg.  baeker-en  in  de  sonne.  But  our 
word  is  more  immediately  allied  to  the 
Scandinavian  dialects  ;  Su.G.  bak-a,  to 

BEIK,  Beek,  s.  1.  The  act  of  basking  in 
the  sun,  or  at  the  fire,  S.  2.  That  which 
communicates  heat,  S.O.  Picken's  Poems. 

BEIK,  adj.     Warm.     Bannatyne  Poems. 

BEIK,  s.  1.  This  word,  primarily  signifying 
the  beak  or  bill  of  a  fowl,  is  "  sometimes 
used  for  a  man's  mouth,  by  way  of  con- 
tempt." Rudd.  Douglas.  2.  It  is  used, 
as  a  cant  word,  for  a  person  ;  "  an  auld 
beik,"  "  a  queer  beik,"  &c,  S.  3.  Perhaps 
at  times  used  for  beach. — Belg.  biek,  Fr. 
bee,  rostrum.  It  may  be  observed,  that 
the  latter  is  metaph.  applied  to  a  person. 
V.  Bejan. 

BEIKAT,  s.     A  male  salmon.     V.  Bykat. 

To  BEIL,  Beal,  v.  n.  1.  To  suppurate,  S. 
Maitland  Poems.  2.  To  swell  or  rankle 
with  pain,  or  remorse  ;  metaph.  applied 
to  the  mind,  S.B.  Ross.  Wodroic— Belg. 
buyl-en,  protuberare  ?  Ihre  derives  Su.G. 
bold,  a  boil,  from  Isl.  bolg-a,  intumescere. 

BEILIN,  s.     A  suppuration,  S. 

BEILD,  Bield,s.  1.  Shelter  ;  refuge  ;  pro- 
tection, S.  Gaivan  and  Gol. — "  Every 
man  bows  to  the  bush  he  gets  bield  frae," 
S.  Prov.  Every  man  pays  court  to  him 
who  gives  him  protection.  2.  Support  ; 
stay  ;  means  of  sustenance,  S.  Douglas. 
3.  A  place  of  shelter  ;  hence,  applied  to 
a  house,  a  habitation,  S.  Morison.  4. 
The  shelter  found  in  going  to  leeward. 
In  the  beild  of  the  dyke,  on  the  side  of  the 
wall  that  is  free  from  the  blast,  S.  5.  One 
who  acts  as  a  guardian  or  protector,  S. 
— A.Bor.  beild,  id. 

Strait  Beilds.  A  shelter  formed  by  a  steep 
hill,  Peebles. 

Beilding  also  occurs  where  it  seems  doubt- 
ful whether  buildings  or  shelter  be  meant. 
Gawan  and  Gol. — Isl.  baele  denotes  both 
a  bed  or  couch,  and  a  cave,  a  lurking- 
place  ;  cubile,  spelunca.  It  is  highly 
probable  that  baele  is  radically  the  same 
with  Isl.  bode,  domicilium,  habitatio;  from 
bo,  to  build,  to  inhabit. 

To  BEILD,  v.  a.  1.  To  protect  ;  to  shel- 
ter. Monastery.  To  supply;  to  support. 
Wallace.  2.  In  one  passage  it  seems  to 
signify,  to  take  refuge,  in  a  neuter  sense. 
Gawan  and  Gol. — This  verb,  it  would 
seem,  has  been  formed  from  the  noun,  q.v., 
or  has  a  common  origin  with  Isl.  bael-a, 




used  to  denote  the  act  of  causing  cattle 
to  lie  down. 

BEILDY,  adj.  1.  Affording  shelter.  Ram- 
say. 2.  Well-sheltered  ;  enjoying  shel- 
ter.    Waverlcy. 

BEILD,  adj.  Bold.  Houlate.—A.S.  beald, 
id.     A.S.  Alem.  belde,  audacia. 

BEILED.  An  ancient  sea-faring  term  ; 
perhaps  moored,  and  for  E.  belayed. 

To  BEILL,  r.  a.  To  give  pain  or  trouble  to ; 
as,  "  I'll  no  belli  my  head  about  it,"  Lan- 

BEILL,  s.  Perhaps  sorrow,  care;q.  baill. 
Bannatyne  Poems. 

BEIN,  s.  Bone,  Ang.  One  is  said  to  be 
awfrae  the  bein,  all  from  the  bone,  when 
proud,  elevated,  or  highly  pleased ;  in 
allusion,  as  would  seem,  to  the  fleshy  parts 
rising  from  the  bone  when  the  body  is 

BEIN,  Beyne,  adj.  Wealthy.  Beixlier, 
comparative.    V.  Bene. 

To  BEIN  the  pot.     V.  Beam,  r. 

To  BEIN,  r.  a.  To  render  comfortable.  A 
house  is  said  to  be  bein'd  when  thoroughly 
dried,  Roxb.  V.  under  Bene,  adj.  sense  2. 

BEINLIKE,  Biexlike,  adj.  Having  the 
appearance  of  abundance  ;  creditable  in 
appearance.     Gl.  Siller  Gun. 

BIENNESS,  s.  Snugness  in  temporal  cir- 
cumstances; moderate  wealth;  comfort,  S. 
V.  under  Bexe. 

*BEING,  Beix,  8.  Means  of  sustenance  ;  as, 
"  He  has  nae  bein''  ava,"  he  has  no  visible 
means  of  support,  Fife. 

BEING,  Bing,  s.  The  beach  of  the  sea- 
shore, Mearns. 

BEIR,  Bere,  Bir,  Birr,  s.  1.  Noise  ; 
cry  ;  roar.  Douglas,  The  word  is  used 
in  this  sense  by  R.  Glouc.  2.  Force  ; 
impetuosity  ;  often  as  denoting  the  vio- 
lence of  the  wind,  S.  Vir,  rirr,  Aberd. 
Douglas.— O.E.  hire,  byre,  birre.  The 
term,  especially  as  used  in  the  second 
sense,  seems  nearly  allied  to  Isl.  byre, 
(tempestas,)  Su.G.  boer,  the  wind  ;  which 
seem  to  acknowledge  byr-ia,  boer-ia,  sur- 
gere,  as  their  root. 

To  BEIR,  Bere,  r.  s.  To  roar  ;  to  make  a 
noise.  Wallace. — Teut.  baeren,  beren,  is 
expl.  by  Kilian  ;  Fremere,  sublate  et 
ferociter  clamare  more  ursorum.  The 
learned  writer  seems  thus  to  view  it  as 
a  derivative  from  baere,  bere,  a  bear.  Per- 
haps, however,  the  verb  is  formed  from 
the  noun,  q.  v.     V.  Birr. 

BEIRD,  s.  A  bard  ;  a  minstrel.  Dour/las. 
V.  Baird. 

BEYRD,  pret.  Laid  on  a  bier.  Maitland 
Poems. — From  A.S.  baer,  baere,  feretrum. 

BE1R-SEID,  s.  That  portion  of  agricultu- 
ral labour  which  is  appropriated  to  the 
raising  of  barley.     V.  Bear-seed. 

BEIRTH,  Byrthe,  s.  Burden  ;  encum- 
brance ;  charge.  Gl.  Sibb. — Dan.  byrde, 
byrth  ;   Isl.  byrd ;    Su.G.    boerda  ;  Belg. 

bordc ;  A.S.  byrth  in;  from  Moes.G.  bair- 
an,  Su.G.  baer-a,  to  bear. 

BEYR-TREE,  s.  The  bier  on  which  a 
corpse  is  carried  to  the  grave,  Aberd. 

BEIS,  r.  s.  Be  is  ;  third  pers.  sing,  subj.,  S. 
Doit f/las. — Here  the  second  pers.  is  im- 
properly used  for  the  third.  A.S.  byst,  sis; 
Alem.  Franc,  bist,  es,  from  bin,  sum  ; 
Wachter,  vo.  Bix. 

BEIS,  Bees.  One's  head  is  said  to  be  in 
the  bees  when  one  is  confused  or  stupified 
with  drink  or  otherwise,  S.  Shirrefs. — 
Teut.  bies-en,  aestuari,  furente  impetu, 
agitari  ;  or  from  the  same  origin  with 
Dazed,  q.  v. 

BEIS,  Bees,  prep.  In  comparison  with, 
compared  with  ;  as,  "  Ye're  auld  bcis 
me"  ;  You  are  old  in  comparison  with  me, 
Loth.  Fife. 

BEYSAND.  Quite  at  a  loss  ;  benumbed  ; 
stupified,  Ettr.  For. — Isl.  bysn,  a  prodigy, 
q.  as  one  who  has  seen  a  prodigy.  V. 

BEIST,  Beistyx,  s.  The  first  milk  of  a 
cow  after  she  has  calved,  S.;  Meetings,  E. 
— A.S.  beost,  byst ;  Teut.  biest,  biest  melck. 
id.  (colostrum.)    A.S.  bystinq,  id. 

BEIST-CHEESE,  s.  The  first  milk  boiled 
to  a  think  consistence,  somewhat  resem- 
bling new-made  cheese,  Mearns.  Beistyn- 
cheese,  id.  Lanarks. 

BEIST-MILK,  s.    V.  Beist,  Beistyx. 

To  BEIT,  Bete,  Bet,  Beet,  v.  a.  1.  To  help; 
to  supply  ;  to  mend,  by  making  addition. 
Bett,  part.  pa.  Ramsay.  Henrysone. 
To  belt  the  fire,  or  belt  the  inqle.  To  add 
fuel  to  the  fire,  S.  "  To  beet,  to  make  or 
feed  a  fire,"  Gl.  Grose.  To  belt  a  mister, 
to  supply  a  want,  Loth.  2.  To  blow  up, 
to  enkindle,  applied  to  the  fire.  Douglas. 
3.  To  excite  affection,  as  applied  to  the 
mind.  Burns.  4.  To  bring  into  a  better 
state, by  removing  calamity  or  cause  of  sor- 
row ;  to  abate,  to  mitigate.  Wallace. — 
A.S.  bet-an,ge-bet-an,  to  mend,  to  restore  to 
the  original  state  ;  Belg.  boet-en ;  Isl.  bet-a; 
Su.G.  boet-a,  id.,  boet-a  klaeder,  to  repair 
or  mend  clothes.  A.S.  bet-an  fyr,  corre- 
sponds to  the  S.  phrase  mentioned  above, 
struere  ignem.    Wallace. 

BEIT,  s.     An  addition  ;  a  supply,  S.B. 

BE1TING,  Betixg,  s.  Supply  ;  the  act  of 
aiding.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 

BEIT-MISTER,  s.  That  which  is  used  in 
a  strait,  for  supplying  any  deficiency  ;  ap- 
plied either  to  a  person  or  to  a  thing  ; 
Loth.    V.  Beit,  r.  and  Mister. 

BEYZLESS.  In  the  extreme.  Beydess  ill, 
extremely  bad.  She  is  a  beyzless  clink, 
she  is  a  great  tale-bearer,  Upp.  Clydes. 
Perhaps  q.  bias-less,  without  any  bias  or 
tendency  to  the  contrary.  Used  as  adc. 
and  adj. 

To  BEKE,  t.  a.     To  bask.    V.  Beik. 

BEKEND,  7>arf.  Known  ;  S.B.  bekent. 
Douglas. — Germ,  bekaunt,  id. ;  Teut.  be- 




kennen,  to  know ;   A.S.  be-cvnnan,  ex- 
BEKIN,  s.  A  beacon  ;  a  signal,  Bellenden. 

— A.S.  beacn,  Dan.  bakn,  id. 
BELCH,  Belgh,  Bailch,  Bilch,  *.  (gutt.) 
1.  A  monster.  Douglas.  2.  A  term  ap- 
plied to  a  very  lusty  person,  S.B.  "A 
bursen  belch,"  or  bilch,  one  who  is  breath- 
less from  corpulence,  q.  burst,  like  a  horse 
that  is  broken-winded.  Boss.  3.  A  brat ; 
a  contemptuous  designation  for  a  child  ; 
Bynon.  Bel  shagh,Stra,thmoTe. — Teut.balgh, 
the  belly  ;  or  as  it  is  pron.  bailg,  Moray, 
from  Su.G.  bolg-ia,  bulg-ia,  to  swell. 

BELD,  adj.  Bald,  without  hair  on  the  head, 
S.  Burns.  V.  Bellit.— Seren.  derives 
it  from  Isl.  bala,  planities.  With  fully  as 
much  probability  might  it  be  traced  to  Isl. 
bael-a,  vastare,  prosternere,  to  lay  flat. 

BELD,  s.  Pattern  ;  model  of  perfection.  V. 

BELD,  imperf.  v.  Perhaps,  took  the  charge 
of,  or  protected.  Houlate. — Fr.  bail,  a 
guardian.  In  this  sense  it  is  nearly  al- 
lied to  E.  bailed,  Fr.  battler,  to  present, 
to  deliver  up.  As,  however,  we  have  the 
word  beild,  shelter,  protection,  held  may 
possibly  belong  to  a  verb  corresponding 
in  sense. 

BELD  CYTTES,  s.  pi.  Bald  coots.  Hou- 
late.— The  bald  coot  receives  its  name  from 
a  bald  spot  on  its  head.  It  is  vulgarly 
called  bell-kite,  S. 

BELDIT,  part.  pa.  Imaged  ;  formed.  V. 
Beelde.  Houlate. — Belg.  beeld-en;  Germ. 
bild-en;  Sw.  bild-a,  formare,  imaginari. 
A.S.  bild,  bilith ;  Germ.  Sw.  bild,  belaete, 
an  image. 

BELDNESS,  Belthness,  s.  Baldness, 

To  BELE,  v.  n.  "To  burn,  to  blaze." 
Wyntown. — This,  however,  may  mean, 
bellowed,  roared,  from  A.S.  bell-an,  Su.G. 
bal-a,  id.  Chaucer  uses  belle  in  the  same 

BELE,  s.    A  fire  ;  a  blaze.     V.  Bail. 

To  BELEAGUER,  r.  a.  To  surround  in  a 
threatening  and  violent  manner.  Guthrfs 

BELECHER,  Beilcher,  Belcheir,  s.  En- 
tertainment ;  victuals.  Acts  J  a.  1 V.  Fr. 
belle  chere,  good  entertainment.  Chere, 
"  victuals  ;  entertainment  for  the  teeth," 

BELEFE,  *.     Hope.    Douglas. 

To  BELEIF,  <e.  a.  To  leave  ;  pret.  beleft, 
Douglas. — A.S.  be,  and  leofan,  linquere. 

To  BELEIF,  Belewe,  v.  a.  To  deliver  up. 
Douglas.  It  is  also  used  as  a  v.  n.  with 
the  prep.  of.  Barbour. — A.S.  belaeic-an, 
tradere ;  bclaewed,  traditus. 

To  BELENE,  v.  n.  To  tarry ;  or,  perhaps, 
to  recline ;  to  rest.  Sir  Gawan. — A.S. 
bilen-ed,  inhabited.  Or  allied  to  Germ. 
len-en,  recumbere.     V.  Leind. 

BELEVE,s.    Hope.    Bcllend.    V.  Belefe. 

BELEWYT,  imperf.  r.    Delivered  up.     V. 

Beleif,  v.  2. 
BELFUFF,  s.  An  ideal  hill  supposed  to 
be  near  Heckie-  or  Hecklebirnie,  which  is 
fabled  to  be  three  miles  beyond  hell. — 
Prov.  "  Gang  ye  to  the  back  o'  Bclfuff" 
BELGHE,  g.      Eructation,   E.   belch.    Z. 

To  BELY,  t.  a.    To  besiege.    Spotstoood. 
BELICKET.  Feen'tbelicket;  nothing.  Per- 
haps   everything    clean    licked    up.    V. 
BELIE,  adt.    By  and  by,  Berwicks.    Corr. 

of  Belyve,  Beliff. 
BE-LIKE,  adj.   Probable.    "That  story's 

no  be-like,"  Lanarks. 
BELYK,  adv.  Probably.    E.  Belike.   Ban- 

natyne's  Trans. 
BELYVE,  Beliff,  Beliue,  Belife,  adv. 
1.  Immediately;  quickly.  Douglas.  2.  By 
and  by,  S.  Barbour.  This  seems  to  be 
the  only  modern  sense  of  the  term  in  S. 
3.  At  length.  Douglas.  4.  It  is  used  in 
a  singular  sense,  S.B.  Litle  belire,  or 
biliee,  a  small  remainder.  Popular  Ball. 
— Chaucer,  belire,  Mine,  quickly  ;  Gower, 
blyre,  id.  Hickes  mentions  Franc,  belibe, 
as  signifying  protinus,  confestim  ;  and 
Junius  refers  to  Norm.  Sax.  bilire.  This 
is  certainly  the  same  word ;  from  Alem. 
and  Franc,  belib-an,  manere ;  A.S.  belif- 
an,  id. 
BELL,  Bel,  5.  A  bubble  in  water  or  any 
liquid.  Saijibells,  bubbles  formed  by 
blowing  out  soapy  water,  S.  Teut.  belle, 
bulla,  a  bubble.  V.  Beller. 
To  BELL,  v.  n.     To  bubble  up  ;  to  throw 

up  or  bear  bubbles,  S.     Perils  of  Man. 
BELL,  s.     The   blossom  of  a   plant;   as, 
"  Lint  in  the  bell,"  flax  in  flower.     Gl. 
Burns.    Heather-bells,  &c.    Bell  in  E.  the 
cup  of  a  flower. 
BELL  on  a  horse's  face.    A  blaze;  a  white 
mark,  S.     Armor,  baill,  a  white  spot  or 
mark  on  a  horse's  face. — O.Fr.  id. 
BELL  of  the  Brae.     The  highest  part  of 
the  slope  of  a  hill.— C.B.  bid  denotes  a 
prominence,  or  that  which  juts  out. 
To  BELL  THE  CAT,  to  contend,  with  one, 
especially  if  of  superior  rank  or  power;  to 
withstand  him,  either  by  words  or  actions ; 
to  use  strong  measures,  without  regard  to 
consequences,  S.     Godscroft. — Fr.  Mettre 
la  campane  au  chat,  "  to  begin  a  quarrel, 
to  raise  a  brabble ;  we  say  also,  in  the 
same  sense,  to  hang  the  bell  about  the 
cat's  neck."     Cotgr. 
BELL-KITE,  s.    The  bald  Coot.    V.  Beld 

BELL-PENNY,  s.  Money  laid  up,  for  pay- 
ing the  expense  of  one's  funeral ;  from  the 
ancient  use  of  the  passing-bell.  This  word 
is  still  used  in  Aberbrothick. 
BELL  AM,  s.  A  stroke  or  blow,  S.B. ;  ra- 
dically the  same  with  Bellum,  q.  v. 




BELLAN,  s.  Fight;  combat,  Douglat.— 
Lat.  helium. 

BELLANDINE,  s.  A  broil ;  a  squabble. 
Hogg's  Whit.  Tales. 

BELLE,  g.     Bonfire.     V.  Bail. 

BELLEIS,  BelliSj  s.  A  pair  of  bellows. 
Aberd.  Beg. 

To  BELLER,  r.  n.  To  bubble  up.  Bp. 
Galloway.  Perhaps  allied  to  Isl.  bilur, 
impetus  venti,  or  bilgice,  fluctus  maris,  or 
belqia,  inflare  buccas. 

BELL-HEATHER,  s.  Cross-leaved  heath, 
S.     Erica  tetralix.     Ess.  Sighl.  Soc. 

To  BELLY  one's  self  o'  Water.  To  take  a 
bellyful  of  water.  Syn.  with  To  bag  one's 
self  tci'  water,  Aberd. 

BELLY-BLIND,  s.  The  play  called  Blind- 
man's-buff,  S.A. :  Blind  Harie  synon.,  S. 
Anciently  this  term  denoted  the  person 
who  was  blindfolded  in  the  game.  Lynd- 
say.  In  Su.G.  this  game  is  called  blind- 
bock,  i.  e.  blind  goat;  and  in  Germ,  blinde 
kuhe,  q.  blind  cow.  It  is  probable,  that 
the  term  is  the  same  with  Billy  Blynde, 
mentioned  in  the  Tales  of  Wonder,  and 
said  to  be  the  name  of  "  a  familiar  spirit, 
or  good  genius." 

BELLICAL,  adj.  Warlike  ;  martial.  Lat. 
bellic-us.     Acts  Mary. 

BELLICON,  s.  A  blustering  fellow,  Ayrs. 
Fr.  belliquem,  warlike;  or  baligaut,  a 

BELLICOUS,  adj.  Warlike.  Hist.  James 
VI.     Lat.  bellicosus,  id. 

BELLIE-MANTIE,  s.  A  name  for  the 
play  of  Blindman's-buff,  Upp.  Clydes. 
As  the  principal  actor  was  not  only  blind- 
folded, but  enveloped  in  the  skin  of  an 
animal,  the  latter  part  of  the  word  may 
be  from  Fr.  manteau,  q.  Billy  with  the 
mantle.    V.  Belly-Blind. 

BELLY-FLAUGHT.  1.  To  slay,  or  flay, 
belly- -flaught,  to  bring  the  skin  overhead, 
as  in  flaying  a  hare,  S.B.  Monroe's  lies. 
2.  It  is  used  in  Loth,  and  other  provinces, 
in  a  sense  considerably  different ;  as  de- 
noting great  eagerness  or  violence  in  ap- 
proaching an  object.  Ramsay.  3.  It  is 
also  rendered,  "  flat  forward,"    J.  Nicol. 

BELLY-GOURDON,  s.  A  glutton,  Fife. 
Perhaps  from  Belly,  and  gitrd,  gourd,  to 
gorge. — O.Fr.  gordin,  stupide,  &c. 

BELLY-HUDDROUN.     V.  Huddroun. 

BELLY-RACK,  s.  An  act  of  gormandizing, 
Lanarks.  q.  racking  or  stretching  the  belly. 

BELLY-THRA,  a.  The  colic.  Gl,  Com- 
play?it.—A..S.  belg,  belly,  and  thra,  afflic- 
tion. This  term,  I  am  informed,  is  still 
used  on  the  Border. 

BELLING,  s.  The  state  of  desiring  the 
female  ;  a  term  properly  applied  to  harts. 
Douglas. — Rudd.  derives  the  phrase  from 
Fr.  belier,  a  ram  ;  but  perhaps  it  is  rather 
from  Isl.  bael-a,  bel-ia,  baul-a,  Germ,  bell- 
en,  mugire,  boare. 

BELLIS,  s.  pi.    This  perhaps  refei-3  to  the 

belling-time  of  beasts,  mentioned  above. 

BELLIS,  s.  pi.  Bells.  Black  bellis  of  Ber- 
wick, artillery  of  Berwick  ;  so  called, 
perhaps,  when  Berwick  was  a  bone  of 
contention,  and  the  air  so  often  rung  with 
this  harsh  music.    Spotswood. 

BELLISAND,  Bellisant,  adj.  Elegant ; 
of  an  imposing  appearance.  Forbes  on 
the  Rev. — Fr.  belle,  used  adverbially,  and 
seant,  decent,  becoming,  q.  having  a  good 

BELLIT,ad/.  Bald.  Fordun.  Scotichron. 
V.  Beld. 

BELLONIE,  s.  A  noisy,  brawling  woman, 
Ayrs. — Lat.  Bellona. 

To  BELLRAIVE,  r.  n.  To  rove  about ;  to 
be  unsteady ;  to  act  hastily  and  without 
consideration,  Roxb.  Raive  seems  to  be 
the  same  as  E.  to  rote,  Isl.  hraufa,  loco 
movere  ;  bell  may  indicate  that  the  term 
has  been  originally  applied  to  a  wedder 
which  carried  the  bell,  from  being  disposed 
to  roam.     V.  Bellwaver. 

BELLUM, s.  Force;  impetus.  Syn.  Bensel. 

BELL- WARE,  s.  The  sea-weed  of  which 
kelp  is  made,  Zostera  marina.  Agr.  Surr. 

To  BELLWAVER,  r.  n.  1.  To  straggle, 
to  stroll,  S.  Saint  Patrick.  2.  To  fluc- 
tuate, to  be  inconstant ;  applied  to  the 
mind,  S.  3.  Applied  to  narrative,  when 
one  does  not  tell  a  story  coherently. — I 
am  informed,  however,  that  the  pronun- 
ciation of  the  term  in  some  places  in  the 
west  of  S.  is  Bullwarer;  and  that  it  is 
primarily  applied  to  a  bull  when  going 
after  the  cow,  and  hence  transferred  to 
man,  when  supposed  to  be  engaged  in  some 
amorous  pursuit.  The  origin  of  the  latter 
part  of  the  r.  is  obvious ;  either  from  E. 
waver,  or  L.B.  u-ayraire,  to  stray.  Per- 
haps the  allusion  may  be  to  a  ram  or 
other  animal,  roaming  with  a  bell  hung 
round  its  neck.    The  Monastery. 

To  BELOW  one's  self.  To  demean.  Iwadna 
below  mysell  saefar,  Fife.  Perths. 

BELSHACH,  s.  A  contemptuous  designa- 
tion for  a  child  ;  equivalent  to  Brat, 
Strathm.  Perhaps  from  Gael,  biolasgach, 
talkative,  biolasgadh,  prattling. 

BELSHIE,  adj.  Fat,  and,  at  the  same 
time,  diminutive,  Upp.  Clydes. 

BELT,  s.  Often  used  to  denote  a  strip  of 

To  BELT,  v.  a.  To  flog,  to  scourge,  S. 
Hogg's  Brownie  of  Bodsbeck. 

To  BELT,  v.  n.  To  come  forward  with  a 
sudden  spring,  S. — Isl.  bilt-a,  bilt-ast,  sig- 
nifies, to  tumble  headlong. 

BELT,  part.  pa.     Built.     Douglas. 

To  BELT,  r.a.  1.  To  gird,  S.  Hence,  in 
our  old  ballads  belted  knights  are  often  in- 
troduced. Belt  is  sometimes  used  as  the 
part.  pa.  Douglas.  2.  To  gird,  as  ex- 
pressive of  an  honorary  distinction. — Wil- 



liam  Hay,  then  constable  of  Scotland,  was 
the  first  belted  Earle  of  Erroll.  Pitscottie's 
Cron.  3.  To  gird,  metaph.  used  in  rela- 
tion to  the  mind.  Bellenden.  4.  To  sur- 
round, to  environ  in  a  hostile  manner. 
Bellenden. — Isl.  belt-a,  cingere  zona. 

BELTED  PLAID,  s.  The  plaid  or  mantle 
worn  by  Highlanders  in  full  military 
dress,  S. 

BELTING,  s.  The  ceremony  of  putting  on 
the  sword  and  belt  in  former  times,  in 
making  a  lord  of  parliament.  ActsJa.  VI. 

BELTANE,  Beltein,  s.  The  name  of  a 
sort  of  festival  observed  on  the  first  day 
of  May,  O.S. ;  hence  used  to  denote  the 
term  of  Whitsunday.  Peblis  to  the  Play. 
This  festival  is  chiefly  celebrated  by  the 
cow-herds,  who  assemble  by  scores  in  the 
fields,  to  dress  a  dinner  for  themselves,  of 
boiled  milk  and  eggs.  These  dishes  they 
eat  with  a  sort  of  cakes  baked  for  the 
occasion,  and  having  small  lumps  in  the 
form  of  nip] iles,  raised  all  over  the  surface. 
The  cake  seems  to  have  been  an  offering 
to  some  Deity  in  the  days  of  Druidism. — 
In  Ireland,  Beltein  is  celebrated  on  the 
21st  June,  at  the  time  of  the  solstice. 
There,  as  they  make  fires  on  the  tops  of 
hills,  every  member  of  the  family  is  made 
to  pass  through  the  fire ;  as  they  reckon 
this  ceremony  necessary  to  ensure  good 
fortune  through  the  succeeding  year. — 
The  Gael,  and  Ir.  word  Beat-tine  or  Bell- 
tine  signifies  Bel's  Fire;  as  composed  of 
Baal  or  Bells,  one  of  the  names  of  the 
sun  in  Gael,  and  tein  signifying  fire.  Even 
in  Angus  a  spark  of  fire  is  called  a  tein  or 

BELTER,  s.  Perhaps  beating  or  bickering; 
from  Gael,  bual-am,  to  beat,  buailte,  beat, 
biialadh, beating,  bualtaire,  one  who  beats 
or  thrashes  another. 

BELTH,  s.  Douglas.— This  word  may  de- 
note a  whirlpool  or  rushing  of  waters.  I 
am  inclined,  however,  to  view  it,  either  as 
equivalent  to  belch,  only  with  a  change  in 
the  termination,  metri  causa;  or  as  signify- 
ing, figure,  image,  from  A.S.  bilith,  Alem. 
bilid,  bileth,  id. 

To  BEMANG,  v.  a.  To  hurt ;  to  injure  ; 
to  overpower,  S.B.     Minstrelsy  Border. 

To  BEME,  r.n.  1.  To  resound  ;  to  make  a 
noise.  Douglas.  2.  To  call  forth  by  sound 
of  trumpet.  Gairan  and  Gol.  —  Germ. 
bomm-en,  resonare  ;  or  A.S.  beam,  bema, 
tuba.  It  is  evident  that  bemc  is  radically 
the  same  with  bommen,  because  Germ. 
bomme,  as  well  as  A.S.  beam,  signifies  a 

BEME,  j.  A  trumpet ;  Bemys, pi.  Gairan 
and  Gol.—O.'E.  beem,  id.     V.  the  r. 

BEMYNG,  s.  Bumming;  buzzing.  Douglas. 

BEN,  g.  A  kind  of  small  salmon,  generally 
from  seven  to  ten  pounds  in  weight.  They 
are  darker  in  the  back  and  whiter  in  the 
belly  than  those  commonly  caught ;  and 


appear  in  the  Solway  Firth  about  the  end 
of  March,  from  which  time  they  are  taken 
till  the  beginning  of  May.  For  this  reason 
they  are  called  Wair-bcns,  that  is,  the  fish 
that  come  in  Spring.  Annandale.  Per- 
haps from  Gael,  bean,  quick,  nimble,  from 
the  activity  and  liveliness  of  the  species 
— or  from  ban  white,  owing  to  the  colour 
of  its  belly  ;  as  the  char  is  called  red- 
icamc,  from  the  redness  of  the  same  part 
of  the  body.  Wair  is  the  Gothic  desig- 
nation of  spring. 

BEN,  s.  A  mountain,  used  both  in  compo- 
sition and  by  itself.  Jacobite  Belies. — C.B. 
ban,  a  prominence,  or  what  is  high;  Ir. 
Gael,  bcann,  bein,  a  summit,  a  mountain  ; 
C.B.  pen  is  synon.;  hence  Lat.  Penninus, 
or  Apennines.     V.  Bin. 

BEN,  adv.  1.  Towards  the  inner  apart- 
ment of  a  house  ;  corresponding  to  But, 
S.  Wyntown.  It  is  also  used  as  a  pre- 
position, Gae  ben  the  house,  Go  into  the 
inner  apartment.  2.  It  is  used  metaph.  to 
denote  intimacy,  favour,  or  honour.  Thus 
it  is  said  of  one,  who  is  admitted  to  great 
familiarity  with  another,  who  either  is, 
or  wishes  to  be  thought  his  superior  ;  lie 
is  far  ben.  "  O'er  far  ben,  too  intimate  or 
familiar,"  Gl.  Shirr.  Lyndsay.  Leg.  as 
in  edit.  1670,/ar6<?w. — A.S.binnan;  Belg. 
binnen,  intus,  (within)  ;  binnen-kamer,lo- 
cus  secretior  in  penetralibus  domus  ;  Ki- 
lian.  Belg.  binnen  gaan,  to  go  within,  S. 
to  gae  ben;  binnen  brengen,  to  carry  with- 
in, S.  to  bring  ben. 

A  But  and  a  Bex,  S.  ;  i.e.  a  house  contain- 
ing two  rooms.  Statist.  Ace. 

To  Come  Ben.  To  be  advanced;  to  come 
to  honour,  S.B.     Boss. 

BEN-END,  s.  1 .  The  ben-end  of  a  house,  the 
inner  part  of  it,  S.  2.  Metaph.,  the  best 
part  of  anything  ;  as,  the  ben  end  of  one's 
dinner,  the  principal  part  of  it,  S.B. 

BENNER,  adj.  A  comparative  formed  from 
ben.  Inner,  S.B.  Poems  Buchan  Dial. 

BEN-HOUSE,  s.  The  inner  or  principal 
apartment,  S. 

BEN,  Benn,  s.  The  interior  apartment  of 
a  house.     Sir  J.  Carr. 

Tiie-Ben,  adv.  In  the  interior  apartment, 
S.     Boss. 

There-Ben,  adv.  Within,  in  the  inner 
apartment,  S.     V.  Tiiairben. 

BEN-INNO,  prep.  Within,  beyond,  S.B. 
Journal  Bond. — From  ben,  q.  v.  and  A.S. 
inne,  or  innon,  within  ;  Alem.  inna  ;  Isl. 
inne,  id. 

BENMOST  is  used  as  a  superlative,  signi- 
fying innermost.  Ferguson. — Teut.  bin- 
nenste  is  synon. 

BENCH,  s.  A  frame  fixed  to  the  wall  for 
holding  plates,  &c.}  Aberd.    Bink,  Angus. 

BEND,  8.  A  spring ;  a  leap  ;  a  bound. 
Lyndsay.  Perhaps  from  Fr.  bond,  id.  Or 
it  may  be  merely  an  oblique  use  of  the 
E.  s.   as   expressive  of  the   incurvation 



of  the  body  which  generally  precedes  a 

To  BEND,  v.  n.  To  spring  ;  to  bound. 

BEND,  Bend-Leather,  g.  Leather,  thick- 
ened by  tanning,  for  the  soles  of  boots 
and  shoes,  S.     Rates,  A.  1(570. 

BEND,  s.     A  muffler,  kercher,  or  cowl. 

BEND,  s.  1.  Band,  ribbon,  or  fillet  ;  pi. 
bendis.  Douglas.  "  Bend,  a  border  of  a 
woman's  cap,  North.  ;  perhaps  from 
baud,"  Gl.  Grose.  2.  It  is  used  impro- 
perly for  a  fleece.  Douglas. — A.S.  bend, 
baende,  Moes.G.  bandi,  Germ,  band,  Pers. 
bend,  vinculum. 

To  BEND,  r.  n.  To  drink  hard  ;  a  cant 
term,  S.     Ramsay. 

BEND,  s.  A  pull  of  liquor,  S.    Ramsay. 

BENDER,  s.  A  hard  drinker,  S.  Ramsay. 

BEND  ANEUGH.  Expl.  Bravely  enough, 
Aberd.     Skinner. 

BENDIT  UP.     Boldened  up.     Pitscottie. 

BENDROLE,  Bandroll,  Bedroll,  s.  The 
prop  or  rest  used  formerly  for  a  heavy 
musket.  Milit.  Hist.  Fr.  banderole ;  E. 
bandrol,  a  small  flag  or  pennon  worn  at 
the  point  of  a  lance. 

BENE,  t.  subst.  Are.  Bellenden.  Chaucer, 
ben,  id.  from  beon,  third  p.  pi.  subj.  of  the 
A.S.  substantive  verb. 

BENE  is  also  used  for  be.     King's  Quaii: 

BENE,  Bein,  Beyne,Bien,«<?/'.  1.  Wealthy, 
well-provided,  possessing  abundance,  S. 
Henrysone. — This  is  perhaps  the  most 
common  sense  of  the  term,  S.  Thus  we 
say,  A  bene  or  bein  farmer,  a  wealthy  far- 
mer, one  who  is  in  easy,  or  even  in  affluent 
circumstances  ;  a  bein  laird,  &c.  2. 
Warm,  genial.  In  this  sense  it  is  applied 
to  a  fire,  S.  Doiujlas.  3.  Pleasant,  com- 
fortably situated.  Douglas.  4.  Happy, 
blissful,  S.  Ferguson.  5.  Splendid,  showy. 
Wallace.  6.  Good,  excellent  in  its  kind. 
Dunbar.  7.  Eager,  new-fangled.  People 
are  said  to  be  bein  upon  anything  that  they 
are  very  fond  of,  Loth.  In  this  sense  bayne 
occurs  in  O.E.  8.  A  bein  cask,  a  cask 
that  is  quite  water-tight,  Lanarks.  Isl. 
bein-a  signifies  to  prosper,  to  give  success 
to  any  undertaking.  Bein,  as  allied  to 
this,  signifies  hospitable  ;  beine,  hospita- 
lity, hospitis  advenae  exhibita  beneficen- 
tia.  G.  Andr.  mentions  the  v.  beina,  as 
signifying,  hospitii  beneficia  praestarc. 
Beini,  hospitality,  liberality. 

BENE,  adt.  Well  ;  full  bene,  full  well. 
Douglas.  This  word  is  most  probably 
from  Lat.  bene,  well. 

BENEFEIT,  part.  adj.     Beneficed.     Acts 
Mary.     From  L.B.  benefacere,  to  endow 
with  a  benefice. 
BENEFICIALL,  adj.     Of  or  belonging  to 

a  benefice.     Fr.  beneficial,  id. 
BENEFIT,  5.     Allowance  to  servants  be- 
sides their  money  wages,  Galloway. 
BENELY,  BEii\LY,rtc/r.  1.  In  the  possession 


of  fulness,  L.  Scotland's  Lament.  2.  Well, 
abundantly.  Picktn.  3.  Exhibiting  the 
appearance  of  wealth.  R.  Gilhaize.  4. 
Happily.     Davidson's  Seasons. 

BENEW,  adr.  Beneath  ;  below,  Aberd. ; 
also  Benyau. 

BENEW,  prep.  To  clink,  apparently  to 
fasten.     A.S.  beneoth,  id. 

BENJEL,  .«.  A  heap,  a  considerable  quan- 
tity ;  as  "  a  benjel  of  coals,"  when  many 
are  laid  at  once  on  the  fire,  S.B.  Bensil, 
however,  is  used  in  the  same  sense  in  the 
South  and  West  of  S.    V.  Bensell. 

BENJIE,  g.  The  abbreviation  of  the  name 

BENK,  Bink,  s.  A  bench,  a  seat.  It  seems 
sometimes  to  have  denoted  a  seat  of  hon- 
our. Kelly. — Dan.  benk,  Germ,  bank, 
scamnum  ;  Wachter. 

BENN,  s.  A  sash.    Statist.  Ace.     V.  Bend. 

BENNELS,  A  kind  of  mats,  made  of 
reeds  woven  together,  used  for  forming 
partitions  in  cottages  ;  or  laid  across  the 
rafters  to  form  an  inner  roof,  Roxb.  If 
not  synon.  with  Teut.  bendel,  fascia,  or 
allied  to  Isl.  bend/a,  concatenare, perhaps 
q.  ben-u-alls,  from  forming  a  separation 
between  the  ben  and  the  but. 

BENNELS,  Lint-bennels,  s.  pi.  The  seed 
of  flax,  Roxb.  ;  synon.  Bolls,  Boies. 

BENNYST,;)  Banished.  A berd.Reg. 

BE  NORTH,  prep.  To  the  northward  of; 
besouth,  to  the  southward  of,  S.  Wyn- 

BENSELL,  Bexsail,  Bent-sail,  s.  1. 
Force,  violence  of  whatever  kind,  S. 
Douglas.  2.  Exposure  to  a  violent  wind  ; 
as, "  I  am  sure  ye  bade  a  sair  bensel,"  i.e. 
suffered  a  severe  attack  of  the  gale,  Gal- 
loway. 3.  Transferred  to  a  place  exposed 
to  the  violence  of  a  storm,  and  directly 
opposed  to  Held.  Hence  Bensil  o'  the  brae, 
that  point  of  an  eminence  most  exposed 
to  the  weather,  Fife.  4.  Bensil  o'  a  fire, 
a  strong  fire,  South  and  West  of  S.  5. 
Stretch,  full  bent.  6.  A  severe  stroke  ; 
properly  that  which  one  receives  from  a 
push  or  shove,  S.  7.  "  A  severe  rebuke," 
Gl.  Shirr.  "  I  got  a  terrible  bensell ;"  I 
was  severely  scolded,  S.  It  is  not  unlikely 
that  the  word  was  originally  bent-sail,  as 
alluding  to  a  vessel  driven  by  the  force  of 
the  winds. 

To  BENSELL,  r.a.  To  bang,  or  beat,  Gl. 
Sibb.  "  Bensel,  to  beat  or  bang.  Vox 
rustica,  Yorksh."  Gl.  Grose. 

BENSHAW,  Beanshaw,  s.  A  disease,  ap- 
parently of  horses.  Pohcart.  Formed 
perhaps  from  A.S.  ban,  Teut.  oir»,  os,and 
lief,  elevatio  ;  q.  the  swelling  of  the  bone. 

BENSHIE,  Benshi,  s.  Expl.  "Fairy's 
wife."  Pennant.  It  has  been  observed, 
that  this  being,  who  is  still  reverenced  as 
the  tutelar  demon  of  ancient  Irish  fami- 
lies, is  of  pure  Celtic  origin,  and  owes  her 
title  to  two  Gaelic  words,  Ben  and  si- 




ghean,  signifying  the  head  or  chief  of  the 
fairies.  But  it  seems  rather  derived  from 
Ir.  Gael,  ben,  bean,  a  woman,  said  by 
Obrien  to  be  the  root  of  the  Lat.  Venus, 
and  sighe,  a  fairy  or  hobgoblin. 

To  BENSIE,  r.  a.  To  strike  impetuously, 
Aberd.  Isl.  bangs-az,  bclluino  more  in- 
sultare.     V.  Bensell. 

BENSOME,  adj.  Quarrelsome.  Skinner. 
V.  Bangsome. 

BENT,  s.  1 .  A  coarse  kind  of  grass,  grow- 
ing on  hilly  ground,  S.  Agrostis  vulgaris, 
Linn.  Common  hair-grass.  2.  The  coarse 
grass  growing  on  the  sea-shore,  S.  deno- 
ting the  Triticum  juncium,  and  also  the 
Aruudo  arenaria.  Lightfoot.  3.  The  open 
field,  the  plain,  S.  Douglas.  4.  To  gae  to 
the  bent,  to  provide  for  one's  safety,  to  flee 
from  danger,  by  leaving  the  haunts  of 
men  ;  as  it  is  also  vulgarly  said,  To  tak 
the  countrie  on  his  back.  Henrysone,  5. 
To  Tak  the  Bent  is  used  in  the  same  sense ; 
although  not  always  implying  that  one 
leaves  the  country.  Rob  Roy.  6.  To 
Tak  to  the  Bent,  id.  ;  ofteii  signifying  to 
flee  from  one's  creditors.  Perils  of  Man. 
— Teut.  biendse  ;  Germ,  bints,  bins,  a  rush, 
juncus,  scirpus  ;  a  binden,  vincire,  quia 
sportas,sellas,  fiscellas,  et  similia  ex  juncis 
conteximus  ;  Wachter. 

BENTY,  Bentey,  adj.  Covered  with  bent- 
grass,  S.  Monroe's  lies. 

BENTINESS,  s.  The  state  of  being  co- 
vered with  bent,  S. 

BENT-MOSS,  s.  A  soil  composed  of  firm 
moss  covered  with  a  thick  herbage  of 
bent,  Ayrs. 

BENTER,  s.  The  name  of  a  fowl.  Agr. 
Surv.  Sutherl,     V.  Bewter. 

BENT  SYLVER,  s.  Perhaps  corr.  of  Fr. 
benit,  blessed  money,  because  claimed  on 
some  saint's  day.     V.  Bleeze-monet. 

BENWART.  Inward ;  towards  the  inte- 
rior of  a  house.    Rauf  Coilyear.    V.  Ben. 

BENWEED,  s.    Ragwort. 

Kick-at-the-benweed,  adj.  Headstrong ; 
unmanageable,  Ayrs.  The  Entail.  V. 

BEOWVD, 2)art. adj.  Distorted; a.s,Beowrd 
legs,  Fife.     V.  Bowlie. 

To  BER  on  hand,     V.  Bear. 

BERBER,  s.  Barberry,  a  shrub.  Sir  Gawan 
and  Sir  Gal.—h.B.  berberis,  Sw.  id. 

BERE,  s.  Noise  ;  also,  To  Bere.  V.  Beir. 

BERE,  s.  Boar.    Douglas.    V.  Bair. 

BERE,  s.  Barley.     Wyntoien. 

BERESSONE  OF.  By  reason  of.  Aberd, 
Reg.,  passim. 

To  BERGE,  r.  n.  To  scold;  to  storm;  gen- 
erally including  the  idea  of  the  impotent 
wrath  of  women  and  children,  S.O.  V. 

BERGIN,  part.  pr.  Storming;  scolding. 
Peter's  Letters. 

BERGLE,  Bergell,  .«.  The  wrasse,  a  fish, 
Orkn.     Barry.— The  first   syllable  of  its 

name  is  undoubtedly  from  Isl.  berg,  a 
rock.  Had  it  any  resemblance  to  the 
eel,  we  might  suppose  the  last  from  aal, 
q.  the  rock  eel. 

BERGUYLT,  s.  The  Black  Goby,  a  fish. 
Edmonstone's  Zetland. 

BERHEDIS,  Heads  of  boars.  Gawan 
and  Gol,  V.  Bere. 

To  BERY,  Beryss,  Berisch,  t.  a.  To  inter, 
to  bury.  Douglas. — A.S.  byrig-an,  id. 
Junius  says  that  A.S.  byrig-an  is  literally, 
tumulare.  It  may,  however,  be  supposed 
that  the  primitive  idea  is  found  in  Isl. 
birg-ia,  Franc,  berg-an,  to  cover,  to  hide, 
to  defend. 

BERY  BROUNE,  a  shade  of  brown  ap- 
proaching to  red.  Gawan  and  Gol. — 
We  still  say,  "  as  brown  as  a  berry"  S. 
— A.S.  beria,  bacca. 

BERIALL,  s.  Perhaps,  a  burial,  or  a 
burial-place.  A.S.  byrgels  signifies  both, 
sepulcrum,  sepultura.     V.  Beriis. 

BERIALL,  adj.  Shining  like  beryl.  Dou- 

BERIIS,  s.  Sepulture.— A.S.  byrigels,  se- 
pultura. Biridis  is  accordingly  used  by 
Wiclif  for  tombs. 

BERYNES,  Beryniss,s.  Burial,  interment, 
Barbour. — A.S.  byrignesse,  sepultura. 

BERIT,  imperf.  V.  Beir,  t. 

BERLE,  s.  Beryl,  a  precious  stone.  Hou- 
late. — From  this  .«.  Doug,  forms  the  adj. 
beriall,  shining  like  beryl. 

BERLY,  adj.  Apparently,  strong,  mighty. 
Henrysone. — This  word  is  the  same,  I 
suspect,  with  E.  burly,  strong.  If  berly  be 
the  ancient  word,  either  from  Germ,  bar, 
vir  illustris  ;  or  from  baer,  ursus  ;  espe- 
cially as  Su.G.  biorn,  id.  was  metapli. 
used  to  denote  an  illustrious  personage. 

BERLIK  MALT,  s.  Malt  made  of  barley. 
Act,  Audit, 

BERLIN,  s.  A  sort  of  galley.  Guy  Man- 
nering.     Also  written  Bierling,  q.  v. 

BERN,  Berne,  s.  1.  A  baron.  Wallace. 
2.  It  is  often  used  in  a  general  sense,  as 
denoting  a  man  of  rank  or  authority  ;  or 
one  who  has  the  appearance  of  rank,  al- 
though the  degree  of  it  be  unknown. 
Gawan  and  Gol.  3.  A  man  in  general. 
Douglas. — A.S.  beorne,  princeps,  homo, 
Benson  ;  "a  prince,  a  nobleman,  a  man 
of  honour  and  dignity,"  Somner.  Bern, 
as  denoting  a  man,  in  an  honourable 
sense,  may  be  from  A.S.  bar,  free,  or  Lat. 
baro,  used  by  Cicero,  as  equivalent  to  a 
lord  or  peer  of  the  realm. 

BERN,  s.  A  barn,  a  place  for  laying  up  and 
thrashing  grain.  Gaican  and  Gol,— A.S. 
bern,  id.  Junius  supposes  that  this  is 
comp.  of  bere,  barley,  and  em,  place,  q. 
"  the  place  where  barley  is  deposited," 
Gl.  Goth. 

BERNE-YARD,  s.  The  enclosure  adjoin- 
ing a  barn,  in  which  the  produce  of  the 
fields  is  stacked  for  preservation  during 




winter,  S.  barnyard. — A.S.  hern,  horreum, 
and  qeard,  sepimentnm. 

BERNMAN,  s.  A  thrasher  of  corn,  S.A. ; 
elsewhere  a  barnman. 

BERN-WINDLIN,  s.  A  ludicrous  term 
for  a  kiss  given,  in  the  corner  of  a  barn, 
Ettr.  For. 

BERNY,  s.  Abbreviation  of  Barnaby  or 
Barnabas.     V.  Barny. 

To  BERRY,  v.  a.  I.  To  beat  ;  as,  to  berry 
a  bairn,  to  beat  a  child.  2.  To  thrash  corn, 
Roxb.  Annand.  Dumfr. — Su.G.  baer-ia. 
Isl.  ber-ia,  ferire,  pulsare  ;  item,  pugnare. 

BERSERKAR,  Berserker,  s.  A  name 
given  to  men  said  to  have  been  possessed 
of  preternatural  strength  and  extreme  fe- 
rocity. The  Pirate.  V.  Eyxtyn,  and 

BERSIS,  s.  "  A  species  of  cannon  formerly 
much  used  at  sea.  It  resembled  the  fau- 
con,  but  was  shorter,  and  of  a  larger 
calibre,"  Gl.  Complaynt  S. — Fr.  barcef 
berche,  "  the  piece  of  ordnance  called  a 
base,"  Cotgr.  ;  pi.  barces,  berches. 

BERTH,  s.  Apparently,  rage.  Wyntown. — 
Isl.  and  Sw.  braede,  id. 

BERTHINSEK,  Birdinsek,  Burdinseck. 
The  law  of  Berthinsek,  a  law,  accord- 
ing to  which  no  man  was  to  be  punished 
capitally  for  stealing  a  calf,  sheep,  or  so 
much  meat  as  he  could  carry  on  his  back 
in  a  sack.  Skene. — A.S.  ge-burthyn  in 
saeca,  a  burden  in  a  sack  ;  or  from  ge- 
beor-a,  portare. 

BERTYNIT,  Bertnyt,  pret.  and 
Struck,  battered.  Wallace. — This  is  evi- 
dently the  same  with  Brittyn,  q.v. 

BERV1E  HADDOCK,  s.  Haddocks  split, 
and  half-dried  with  the  smoke  of  a  fire  of 
wood,  cured  for  the  most  part  at  Inver- 
bertie.     Often  called  Berries,  S. 

BERWARD,  s.  One  who  keeps  bears ;  E. 
beanmrd.     Colkelbie  Sow. 

To  BESAIK,  v.  a.  To  beseech.  Aberd. 
Reg.    V.  Beseik. 

BESAND,  Beisand,  s.  An  ancient  piece  of 
gold  coin,  offered  by  the  French  kings  at 
the  mass  of  their  consecration  at  Rheims, 
and  called  a  Bysantine,  as  the  coin  of  this 
description  was  first  struck  at  Byzantium 
or  Constantinople.  It  is  said  to  have  been 
worth,  in  French  money,  fifty  pounds 
Tournois.    Kennedy. 

To  BESEIK,  v.  a.  To  beseech,  to  entreat. 
Douglas. — A.S.  be  and  sec-an,  to  seek  ; 
Belg.  rer-soek-en,  to  solicit,  to  entreat  ; 
Moes.G.  sok-jan,  to  ask,  used  with  respect 
to  prayer. 

BESEINE,  Beseen,  part.  pa.  1.  Well  ac- 
quainted or  conversant  with  ;  skilled  in. 
2.  Provided  ;  furnished  ;  fitted  out.  Pit- 
scottie. — A.S.bese-on ;  Teut.&es£-ew,intueri. 
In  the  first  sense,  Beseen  denotes  one  who 
has  looked  well  upon  or  into  anything  ; 
in  the  second,  one  who  has  been  well 
looked  to,  or  cared  for  in  any  respect. 

To  BESET,  v.  a.  To  become  ;  used  as  syn. 
with  S.set.  Pollock. — Teut.  be-sett-en,  com- 
ponere;  be-set,  decens,  aptus.     V.  Set,  v. 

BESHACHT,  1.  Not  straight, dis- 
torted, Ang.  2.  Torn,  tattered  ;  often 
including  the  idea  of  dirtiness,  Perths. 
The  latter  seems  to  be  an  oblique  use. 
V.  Shacht. 

BESY,  adj.  Busy.  Wyntown. — A.S.  by  si, 
Belg.  besigh,  id.  ;  allied  perhaps  to  Teut. 
byse,  turbatus,  bijs-en,  violento  impetu 
agitari.  From  Su.G.  besa,  a  term  used  con- 
cerning beasts,  which  run  hither  and  thi- 
ther with  violence,  when  stung  by  gadflies. 

BESID,  pret.  Burst  with  a  bizzing  noise 
like  brisk  beer.  Dunbar.  The  same  with 
S.  bizzed. 

BESYNE,  Bysene,  Bvsiji,  s.  Expl.  "whore, 
bawd,"  Gl.  Sibb.   V.  Bisyu. 

BESYNES,  s.  1.  Business.  Wyntown.  2. 
Trouble  ;  disturbance. 

To  BESLE,  or  Bezle,  v.  n.  To  talk  much 
at  random,  to  talk  inconsiderately  and 
boldly  on  a  subject  that  one  is  ignorant 
of,  Aug.— Belg.  beuzel-en,to  trifle,  to  fable; 
Teut.  beusel-en,  nugari. 

BESLE,  Bezle,  5.  Idle  talking,  Ang.  Belg. 
beusel,  id. 

BESMOTTRIT,  part.  pa.  Bespattered, 
fouled.  Douglas. — A.S.  besmyt-an,  ina- 
culare,  inquinare  ;  Belg.  besmodder-en, 
Germ,  schmader-n,  schmatter-n,  to  stain, 
S.  to  smadd,  Su.G.  smitt-a. 

BESOM,  s.  A  contemptuous  designation 
for  a  low  woman ;  a  prostitute,  S.  Old 
Mortality.    V.  Byssym. 

BESOUTH,  prep.  To  the  southward  of.  V. 

BESS,  Bessie,  s.  Abbrev.  of  the  name 

BESSY-LORCH,  s.  The  fish  in  E.  called 
a  loach,  Roxb. — Fr.  loche. 

BEST,  adv.  To  best;  over  and  above ;  gain ; 
saving,  Shetl. 

BEST  AUCHT.  The  most  valuable  ar- 
ticle, of  a  particular  description,  that  any 
man  possessed,  commonly  the  best  horse 
or  ox  used  in  labour,  claimed  by  a  land- 
lord on  the  death  of  his  tenant.  V.  Her- 

BEST,  part. pa.  Struck,  beaten.  Barbour. 
V.  Baist. 

BEST,  part.  pa.  Perhaps,  fluttering  or 
shaken.    Barbour. — Isl.  beyst-i,  concutio. 

BEST,  s.  "  Beast,  any  animal  not  human," 
Gl.  Wynt.  Wyntown. — The  term  is  still 
used  in  this  general  sense,  S.,  pronounced 
q.  baist,  S.B. 

BEST-MAN,  8.  Brideman  ;  as  best-maid  is 
bride-maid  ;  from  having  the  principal 
offices  in  waiting  on  the  bride,  S.  Disci- 

BESTED,  part.  pa.  Overwhelmed  ;  over- 
powered, S. 

BESTIAL,  {offTre)  s.  Anengine  for  a  siege. 
Wallace. — It  seems  uncertain,  whether 


this  -word  be  formed  from  Lat.  bestialis, 
as  at  first  applied  to  the  engines  called 
rams,  sores,  &c,  or  from  Fr.  bastille,  a 
tower  ;  L.B.  hastillac. 

BESTIAL,  Bestiall,  s.  A  term  used  to 
denote  all  the  cattle,  horses,  sheep,  &c.,  on 
a  farm.  Spalding. — Fr.  bestial,  bestiall, 
bestail,  "  beasts  or  cattle  of  any  sort ;  as 
oxen,  sheep,"  &c,  Cotgr. 

BESTIALIT E,  s.  Cattle.  Complaynt  S.— 
L.B.  bestialia,  pecudes  ;  Fr.  bestail. 

BESTREIK,  part.  pa.  Drawn  out ;  gold 
bestreik,  gold  wire  or  twist.  Bar  el— Teut. 
be-streck-cn,  extendere. 

BESTURTED,  part.  pa.  Startled,  alarmed, 
affrighted,  S. — Germ.besturz-cn, to  startle; 
besturzt  seyn,  to  be  startled,  lhre  views 
Isl.  stird-r,  rigid,  immovable,  as  the  root. 

BESWAKIT,  part.  pa.  Apparently,  soak- 
ed, drenched.  Dunbar.— Isl.  sock,  mer- 
ger, saukc-a,  mergi. 

To  BESWEIK,  v.  a.  To  allure  ;  to  beguile, 
to  deceive — A.S.  swic-an,  beswic-an,  Isl. 
svik-ia.  Alem.  bisuich-en,  Sn.G.  swik-a, 
Germ,  schwick-en,  id. 

To  BET,  Bete,  v.  a.    To  strike.    V.  Bvr,  S. 

BET, pret.  Struck.  Gaican  and  Gol. — 
A.S.  beat-an,  Su.G.  bet-a ;  ta  bete,  thou 
hast  struck. 

JjE1,2?  Bet  doicn,  beat  or  broken 
down,  Bcllenden. 

To  BET,  r.  a.  To  defeat ;  apparently  for 
beat.     Craufurd's  Hist.  Univ.  Edin. 

To  BET,  v.  a'.  To  abate  ;  to  mitigate.  V. 
To  Beit. 

BET,  Bett,  pret.  and  part.  Helped,  sup- 
plied.    V.  Beit. 

BET,  part.  pa.  Built,  erected.  Douglas. 
— This  is  a  secondary  and  oblique  sense 
of  the  r.  Beit,q.v. 

BET,  adj.  Better.  King's  Quair.— A.S. 
bet,  Teut.  bat,  bet,  melius,  potius,  magis  ; 
Alem.  bas,  bae,  melior,  the  compar.  of  bat, 
bonus.  A.S.  bet-an,  emendare,  and  the 
other  synon.  verbs  in  the  Northern  lan- 
guages, have  been  viewed  as  originating 
the  term.  Bet,  indeed,  seems  to  be  merely 
the  past  part.,  mended,  i.  e.  made  better. 

BETANE,  part.  pa.  Perhaps,  enclosed. 
Barbour. — A.S.  betien-en,  betyn-an,  to  en- 
close, to  shut  up. 

BETAUCI1T,  Betuk.  Delivered,  com- 
mitted in  trust ;  delivered  up.  V.  Betecii. 

7oBETECH,  Beteach,i\  a.  To  deliver  up, 
to  consign  ;  betuk,  pret.  betaucht,  pret. 
and  part.  pa.  Barbour.  —  Hence  the 
common  Scots  expression, "  God  I  beteach 
me  till,"  Rudd.  ;  and  that  used  by  Ram- 
say, Betootch-us-to  ;  i.  e.  Let  us  commend 
ourselves  to  the  protection  of  some  supe- 
rior being. — O.E.  bitoke,  committed  ;  also 
bitaughten,  bitakun,  bitauht.  A.S.  bctaec- 
an,  tradere,  concedere,  assignare,  com- 
mendare  ;  to  deliver,  to  grant,  to  assign 
or  appoint,  to  betake  or  recommend  unto; 
Somner.     Betaehte,  tradidit. 

\  BEU 

BETHANK,  s.  In  your  bethank ;  indebted 
to  you,  Ayrs.     Spaewife. 

BETHANKIT,  s.  A  ludicrous  and  irreve- 
rent term  for  giving  thanks  after  meat, 
Ayrs.     Burns. 

BETHEREL,  Betiiral,  8.  An  inferior  kirk- 
officer  who  waits  on  the  pastor  iu  his  of- 
ficial work,  attends  the  session  when  they 
meet,  summons  delinquents,  &c.  Ayr- 
shire Legatees.     Corr.  of  E.  beadle. 

BETHLERIS.  Leg.  Bechleris.  Bache- 
lors. Houlate. 

BETHOUT,  prep,  and  ade.  Without,  Fife. 
Synon.  Athout,  which  is  used  in  the  same 
sense.     Perhaps,  A.S.  be-utan. 

*  BETIMES,  adr.  1.  By  and  by;  in  a 
little.     2.  At  times ;  occasionally,  S. 

BETING,  s.    Reparation.    V.  under  Beit,  v. 

To  BETREYSS,  Betrase,  r.  a.  To  betray. 
Barbour.  Bctrasit,  Douglas  ;  betraissed, 
Wallace  ;  betraised,  Chaucer  ;  betraist, 
R.  Brunne. — Germ,  trieg-en,  betrieg-en  : 
Fr.  trah-ir,  id.  trahi-son,  treason. 

To  BETRUMPE,  r.  a.  To  deceive.  Dou- 

*  BETTER,  adj.  1.  More,  in  reference  to 
number,  S. ;  as,  better  than  a  dozen,  more 
than  twelve.  2.  Higher  in  price.  I  paid 
better  than  a  shilling,  i.e.  more  than  a 
shilling,  S.  3.  Often  used  in  regard  to 
health,  S. — Su.G.  baettre,  id. 

BETTERS,  s.  pi.  Ten  betters;  ten  times 
better,  Aberd. 

BETTER  SCII APE.  Cheaper ;  at  a  lower 
price.     Acts  J  a.  IV. 

BETTY,  s.  Abbrev.  of  Elizabeth ;  some- 
times of  the  old  S.  name  Beatrix,  S. 

BETTIRNESS,  s.  1.  Superiority;  applied 
to  land.  2.  Amelioration  ;  emendation ; 
applied  especially  as  to  health. 

BETTLE,  s.  Stroke  ;  blow.  Diminutive 
from  beat,  a  blow,  also  a  contusion,  S.B. 

BETWEESH,  prep.    Betwixt,  S.     V.  At- 


BETWEKIS, prep.  Betwixt.  Aberd.  Beg. 
V.  Atweesh. 

BEVAR,  s.  One  who  is  worn  out  with  age. 
Henrysone. — It  is  evidently  from  the 
same  source  with  Barard,  adj.  q.v.  We 
still  say  a  betir-horse,  for  a  lean  horse,  or 
one  worn  out  with  age  or  hard  work  ;  S. 

BEUCH,  (gutt.)  s.  A  bough,  a  branch,  S. 
Douglas. — A.S.  boga,boh,  id.  from  bug-an, 
to  bend. 

To  BEUCHEL,  (gutt.)  r.n.  To  walk  with 
short  steps,  or  in  a  feeble,  constrained,  or 
halting  manner  ;  to  shamble.  "  A  beu- 
chelin  body,"  Roxb. — Teut.  boechel-en, 
buechel-en,  niti,  couari. 

BEUCHEL,  s.  A  little,  feeble,  crooked 
creature. — Germ,  b'ugel ;  Teut.  beughel ; 
Su.G.  bygel,  curvatura;  Isl.  &<;#//-«,  tortuo- 
sum  reddo,  from  bcyg-ia,  to  bend. 

BEUCHIT, (giOt.)  Bowed, crooked, 
S.     Dour/las. — A.S.  bug-an,  curvare. 

BEUGH,  (gutt.)  s.     A  limb,  a  leg,  Border. 


Evergreen.— Isl.  bog,  Alem.  puac,  Germ. 
bug,  id.  The  term  is  applied  both  to  man 
and  to  other  animals.  Both  Ihre  and 
Wachter  view  bug-en,  to  bend,  as  the 
origin  ;  as  it  is  by  means  of  its  joints  that 
an  animal  bends  itself.     V.  Bought. 

BEVEL,  s.  A  stroke  ;  sometimes,  a  violent 
push  with  the  elbow,  S.  Many, — This 
is  a  derivative  from  Baff,  bef,  q.v. 

To  BEVER,  Baiver,  Better,  v.  n.  To 
shake,  to  tremble  ;  especially  from  age 
or  infirmity  ;  as,  "We're  auld  beverin 
bodies"  ;  "  Bererln  wi'  the  perils,"  shak- 
ing with  the  palsy,  Roxb.  Berwicks. — 
A.S.  beoff-ian,  tremere,  trepidare,  bef-ian, 
bif-gean,  id.  beofung,  bifung,  tremor.  V. 

BEUER,  Bever,  s.  A  beaver.  Bellen- 

BEVERAGE,  s.  A  salute  given  upon  put- 
ting on  a  piece  of  new  dress,  generally  by 
a  male  to  a  female ;  as,  "  She  gat  the  be- 
verage o'  his  braw  new  coat." 

BEVEREN,  Beterand,  part.  pr.  Sir 
Gaican  and  Sir  Gal. — Perhaps  from  A.S. 
befer-an,  circumdare  ;  or  as  the  same 
with  beverand, which  Sibb.renders  "  shak- 
ing, nodding"  ;  deriving  it  from  Teut.  bev- 
en,  contremere.  This  is  a  provincial  E. 
word.  "Severing,  trembling.  North."  Gl. 
Grose.  V.  Bever,  v. 

BEUGLE-BACKED,  adj.  Crook-backed. 
Watson. — A.S.  bug-an,  to  bow  ;  Teut. 
boechel,  gibbus  ;  Germ,  bugel,  a  dimin. 
from  bug,  denoting  anything  curved  or 
circular.'  It  is  undoubtedly  the  same  word 
that  is  now  pronounced  boolie-backit,  S. 

BEVIE  (of  a  fire)  s.  A  term  used  to  denote 
a  great  fire  ;  sometimes,  bevke,  S.  Per- 
haps from  E.  bavin,  "  a  stick  like  those 
bound  up  in  faggots."  Johnson.  It  is  thus 
used  in  O.E. 

BEVIE,  s.  A  jog,  a  push,  S.  from  the  same 
source  with  bevel.  V.  Baff,  s. 

BEVIL-EDGE,  s.  The  edge  of  a  sharp 
tool,  sloping  towards  the  point;  a  term 
used  by  masons,  S.     V.  Bevel,  r.  E. 

BEVIS.     V.  Bevar. 

BEUKE,  pret.  v.  Baked.  Douglas.—  A.S. 
boc,  pret.  of  bac-an,  pinsere. 

BEULD,  adj.  Bow-legged,  Ang.  ;  q.  beu- 
geld  from  the  same  origin  with  beugle,  in 
Beugle-backed ,  q.v. 

BEW,  adj.  Good;  honourable.  Bew schyris, 
or  schirris,  good  Sirs.  Fr.  beau,  good. 

To  BEWAVE,  Bewaue,  r.  a.  To  cause  to 
wander  or  waver.  Palice  of  Honour. — 
A.S.  ivaf-ian,  vacillare,  fluctuare. 

To  BEWAVE,  Bewaue,  v.  a.  1.  To  shield  ; 
to  hide  ;  to  cloak.  2.  To  lay  wait  for;  to 
overpower  by  means  of  some  base  strata- 
gem, Ayrs.     V.  Bywaue. 

BE  WEST,  prep.  Towards  the  west,  S. 
Baillie's  Lett.     V.  Be,  prep. 

BEW1DD1ED,  prut.  adj.    Deranged,  Ettr. 

)  BY 

For.  Hogg. — From  be,  and  Teut.  woed-en, 

To  BEWILL,  r.  a.  To  cause  to  go  astray, 
Buchan  ;  syn.  with  E.  bewilder.  Tarras's 
Poems.  From  be,  and  will,  lost  in  error, 
q.  v. 

BEW1S,  Bewys,  Boughs.  Douglas. 
V.  Beuch. 

BEWIS,s.pZ.  Beauties.  O.Fr.  &ea;<,beauty. 
Jf  ait  land  Poems. 

BEW1TH,  s.  A  place  of  residence  ;  a  do- 
micile, Perths. — Perhaps  allied  to  A.S. 
by-an;  Su.G.  bo,  bo-a,  bu-a,  to  build,  to 
inhabit ;  Isl.  by,  in  pret.  buid,  inhabited  ; 
whence  bud ;  Su.G.  bod,  mansio;  E.  booth, 
and  S.  bothie. 

BEWITH,  s.  A  thing  which  is  employed 
as  a  substitute  for  another,  although  it 
should  not  answer  the  end  so  well.  Ram- 
say. One  who  arrives,  when  the  regular 
dinner  is  eaten,  is  said  to  get  "  only  a 
bcivith  for  a  dinner,"  S.  From  the  subst. 
v.  be,  conjoined  with  the  prep,  with,  q. 
what  one  must  submit  to  for  a  time. 

To  BEWRY,  v.  a.  To  pervert,  to  distort. 
Douglas. — Teut.  wsroegh-en,  torquere,  an- 

BEWTER,s.  The  bittern.  Sir  E.  Gordon's 

BEYONT,^r<7>.     Beyond,  S. 

Back-o'-Beyo.nt,  adv.  At  a  great  dis- 
tance ;  synon.  Fer  outby,  S.  The  Anti- 

BEZWELL,  adv.  However,  Orkn.  Per- 
haps  abbrev.  for  "  It  will  be  as  well." 

BHALIE,  s.  A  hamlet  or  village,  Gael. 
Clan-Albin.     V.  Bal. 

To  BY,  r.  a.  To  purchase  ;  to  buy.  Acts 
Man/. — A.S.  bygan,  emere. 

BY,  prep.  1.  B'eyond,  S.  Pitscottie.  2. 
Besides,  over  and  above.  Pitscottie.  3. 
Above,  more  than,  in  preference  to. 
Davidsone'sSchort  Discnrs.  4.  In  a  way 
of  distinction  from,  S.  Wallace.  5. 
Without.  Pitscottie.  6.  Away  from, 
without  regard  to,  contrary  to.  Wallace. 
By,  as  thus  used,  is  sometimes  directly 
contrasted  with  be,  as  signifying  by  in  the 
modern  sense  of  the  term.  This  may  be 
viewed  as  an  oblique  sense  of  by  as  sig- 
nifying beyond ;  perhaps  in  allusion  to  an 
nrrow  that  flies  wide  from  the  mark. 

BY,  adv.  1.  When,  after  ;  q.  by  the  time 
that,  Pitscottie.  This  idiom  is  very  an- 
cient. Moes.G.  Bi  the  galithun  thai 
broihrjus  is ;  When  his  brethren  were 
gone  up.  2.  As  signifying  although  ;  as, 
"  I  carena  by"  I  don't  care  though  I  agree 
to  your  proposal,  S.  3.  Denoting  ap- 
proximation, or  approach  from  some  dis- 
tance ;  used  in  the  composition  of  various 

Dow.\-by,  adv.  Downwards  ;  implying  the 
idea  that  the  distance  is  not  great. 

In-by,  adv.     Nearer  to  any  object  ;  q.v. 

i  Iur-bt,  adv.    This,  as  well  as  Through-by, 




is  used  by  neighbours  iu  the  phrase 
"  Come  our-by"  or,  "  Come  through-by," 
when  parks,  woods,  streams,  or  some- 
thing that  must  be  passed  through  or  over, 
intervenes  between  their  respective  resi- 
dences, S. 

Out-by,  adv.     q.  v. 

Through- by,  adv.  V.  Our-by. 

Up-by,  adr.     Upwards,  S. 

BY-COMING,  s.  The  act  of  passing  by  or 
through  a  place,  S.     MeMU's  Diary. 

BY-COMMON,  adv.  Out  of  the  ordinary 
line  ;  by  signifying  beyond.     Gait. 

BY-COMMON,  adj.  Singular,  Ayrs.  E. 

BY-EAST,  towards  the  east.    V.  Be,  prep. 

BY-GAlN.  In  the  by-gain.  1.  Literally, 
in  passing,  in  going-by,  Aberd.  2.  Inci- 
dentally, Aberd. 

BY-GATE,  Byget,  s.  A  by-way.  Mayne's 
Siller  Gun. 

BY-GOING,  s.  The  act  of  passing.  Mon- 
ro's Exped.  Teut.  bygaen  signifies  to  ap- 
proach, to  come  near. 

BY-HAND,  adv.    Over,  S.     Y.Hand. 

BY  HIMSELL  or  HERSELL.  Denoting 
the  want  of  the  exercise  of  reason ;  beside 
himself  or  herself.     V.  Himsell. 

BY  ONE'S  MIND.  Deprived  of  reason. 

BY-HOURS,  s.  pi.  Time  not  allotted  to  re- 
gular work,  S.     Agr.  Surv.  Peeb. 

BY-LYAR,  s.  A  neutral.  Knox.— From 
the  r.  To  lie  by,  E. 

BYAR,s.  A  purchaser.  Aberd.  Beg.  V.By,c. 

BIAS,  a  word  used  as  a  mark  of  the  super- 
lative degree  ;  bias  bonny,  very  hand- 
some ;  bias  hungry,  very  hungry,  Aberd. 
V.  Byous,  which  is  perhaps  the  proper 

BIB,  s.  A  term  used  to  denote  the  stomach, 
Ang.  Borrowed,  perhaps,  from  the  use  of 
that  small  piece  of  linen,  thus  denomi- 
nated, which  covers  the  breast  or  stomach 
of  a  child. 

BYBILL,  s.  A  large  writing,  a  scroll  so 
extensive  that  it  may  be  compared  to  a 
book.  Detection  Q.  Mary. — The  word 
occurs  in  a  similar  sense  in  O.E.  As  used 
by  Chaucer,  Tyrwhitt  justly  renders  it 
"  any  great  book."  In  the  dark  ages, 
when  books  were  scarce,  those  which 
would  be  most  frequently  mentioned 
would  doubtless  be  the  Bible  and  Bre- 
viary. Or,  this  use  of  the  word  may  be 
immediately  from  L.  B.  biblus,  a  book, 
(Gr.  /3i?/of),  which  occurs  in  this  sense 
from  the  reign  of  Charlemagne  down- 

BIBLIOTHEC,*.  A  library.  Nicol  Burne. 
— Lat.  bibliotheca. 

BIBLIOTHECAR,  s.     A  librarian,  ibid. 

BICHMAN,  s.  Perhaps,  for  buthman,  q. 
boothman,  one  who  sells  goods  in  a  booth. 
Dunbar.— In  edit.  1508,  it  is  buthman, 

BYCHT.    V.  Lyciit.    Hmlate. 

BICK,  s.  A  bitch  ;  "the  female  of  the  canine 
kind,"  S. — A.S.  bicca,  bicce,  id.  ;  Isl. 
bickia,  catella. 

To  BICK  and  BIRR,  v.  n.  To  cry  as 
grouse,  Roxb.  Winter  Ev.  Tales. — Per- 
haps allied  to  Belg.  bikk-en,  to  beat,  to 
chop,  as  denoting  the  noise  made  by  its 
wings.     V.  Birr. 

To  BICKER,  Byker,  r.  n.  This  v.,  as  used 
in  S.,  does  not  merely  signify,  "  to  fight, 
to  skirmish,  to  fight  off  and  on,"  as  it  is 
defined  in  E.  dictionaries.  It  also  de- 
notes, 1.  The  constant  motion  of  weapons 
of  any  kind,  and  the  rapid  succession  of 
strokes,  in  a  battle  or  broil.  Wallace. 
2.  To  fight  by  throwing  stones  ;  S.  3. 
To  move  quickly  ;  S.  "  He  came  down 
the  gait  as  fast  as  he  could  bicker."  4. 
It  expresses  the  noise  occasioned  by  suc- 
cessive strokes,  by  throwing  of  stones,  or 
by  any  rapid  motion  ;  S. — C.B.  bicre,  a 
battle  ;  "  Pers.  jnjkar,"  id.  Gl.  Wynt. 

BICKER,  Bikering,  s.  1.  A  fight  carried 
on  with  stones  ;  a  term  among  school- 
boys, S.  Bickers,  as  they  are  called,  were 
often  held  on  the  Caltonhill.  They  took 
place  almost  every  evening  a  little  before 
dusk,  and  lasted  till  night  parted  the 
combatants  ;  who  were  generally  idle 
apprentices,  of  mischievous  dispositions, 
that  delighted  in  chasing  one  another 
from  knoll  to  knoll  with  sticks  and  stones. 
( 'ampbell's  Journey.  2.  A  contention, 
strife,  S.  Baillie.  3.  A  short  race,  Ayrs. 

BICKER,  Biquour,  s.  A  bowl,  or  dish  for 
containing  liquor  ;  properly,  one  made 
of  wood;  S.  Evergreen. — Germ,  becher; 
Isl.  baukur,  bikare ;  Sw.  bagare ;  Dan. 
begere ;  Gr.  and  L.B.  /3£/»«§i,  baccarium  ; 
Ital.  bicchiere,  patera,  scyphus. 

BICKERFU',  s.  As  much  of  anything  as 
fills  a  bicker,  S.     The  Pirate. 

BICKERIN',  s.  Indelicate  toying,  Dumfr. 
Synon.  Baqenin,  Fife.     V.  Bicker-raid. 

BICKER-RAID,  s.  The  name  given  to  a 
kind  of  indecent  frolic  which  formerly 
prevailed  in  harvest,  after  the  labourers 
had  finished  dinner.  A  young  man,  laying 
hold  of  a  girl,  threw  her  down,  and  the 
rest  covered  them  with  their  empty 
bickers ;  Roxb. 

To  BID,  v.  a.  1.  To  desire,  to  pray  for. 
Henrysone. — This  sense  is  common  in 
O.E.  2.  To  care  for,  to  value.  Douglas. 
From  the  same  origin  with  Bedis,  q.v. 

BIDDABLE,  adj.  Obedient;  pliable  in 
temper;  as,  "  A  biddable  bairn,"  a  child 
that  cheerfully  does  what  is  desired;  from 
the  E.  r.  to  bid,  to  command. 

BIDDABLENESS,  s.  Disposition  to  obey; 
compliant  temper,  S. 

BIDDABLIE,  adv.     Obediently. 

To  BIDE,  Byde,  v.  a.  1.  To  await,  to  wait 
for.  Kelly.  2.  To  wait  for,  as  implying 
the  idea  of  defiance.     Spalding.   3.   To 

BID  t 

suffer,  to  endure.  "  He  bides  a  great 
deal  of  paiu  ;"  S.  Westmorel.  id.  Ross. 
— An  oblique  sense  of  Moes.G.  beid-an, 
A.S.  bid-cm,  expectare. 

To  BIDE  be,  r.  n.  To  continue  in  one 
state,  S. 

To  BIDE  or  BYD  at,  v.  «.  and  a.  To  per- 
sist.    To  abide  by.     Keith's  Hist. 

To  BYDE  be  or  by,  v.  a.  To  adhere  to;  as, 
"I'll  no  byde  be  that  agreement,"  S.  ;  the 
same  as  Byde  at. 

To  BYDE  KNAWLEGE.  To  bear  inves- 
tigation; an  old  forensic  term.  V.  Knaw- 

BIDE,  s.  Applied  to  what  one  endures. 
A  terrible  bide ;  verv  acute  pain,  Loth. 

B  YDINGS,  s.  pi.  Evil  endured ;  what  one 
has  to  suffer,  Aug.    Boss. 

B I  DINGS,  s.  pi.  Sufferings.  V.  Bide,  r. 

BIEYFIR,  s.  The  designation  given  to  the 
double  portion  of  meat  formerly  allotted, 
by  a  chief,  to  his  Galloglach  or  armour- 
bearer,  in  the  Western  Isles.  Martin's 
West.  7*7.— Gael,  biadh,  meat,  food,  and 
fear,  a  man  ;  i.  e.  a  man's  portion. 

BIEYTA'V,  g.  The  name  given  to  the  food 
served  up  to  strangers,  taken  immediately 
after  being  at  sea,  ibid. — Perhaps  beit-hav, 
from  Isl.  beit,  food,  and  haf;  Dan.  kr, 
the  sea. 

BIELD,  s.     Shelter.     V.  Beild. 

To  BIELD,  r.  a.     To  protect.     V.  Beild. 

BIELY,  adj.  Affording  shelter,  Gall.  Da- 
vidson's Seasons.     V.  Beii.dy. 

BIER,  s.  Expl.  as  signifying  twenty 
threads   in   the  breadth  of  a  web.     V. 

BIERDLY,  Bierly,  adj.  Popular  Ball. 
— It  is  viewed  as  the  same  with  Burdly, 
q.v.  But  to  me  it  seems  rather  to  signify, 
fit,  proper,  becoming,  from  Isl.  byr-iar, 
ber,  decet,  oportet. 

BIERLY,  adj.  Big  ;  burly.  Skinner's 
Christmas  Ba'inq. 

BIERLING,  s.  A  galley,  S.B.  Statist. 

To  BIETTLE,  Beetle,  v.  n.  1.  To  amend; 
to  grow  better ;  applied  to  the  state  of 
one's  health.  2.  To  recover  ;  applied  to 
the  vegetable  kingdom  ;  as,  "  The  crap's 
beetlin'  now."  Dimin.  from  A.S.  beot-ian, 
bet-an,  convalescere. 

BIG,  Bigg,.1?.  A  particular  species  of  bar- 
ley, also  denominated  bear,  S.  Cumb.  id. 
barley.  Statist.  Ace.  V.  Chester  Bear. 
—Isl.  bygg,  hordeum,  Dan.  byg,  Su.G. 
biugq,  id. 

To  BIG,  Byg,  b.  a.  To  build ;  S.  Cumb. 
Westmorel.  id.  Wallace.  —  This  word 
occurs  inO.E.,  although  not  very  frequent- 
ly. A.S.bycg-an,Isl.  bygg-ia,  Su.G.  bygg-a, 
aedificare,  iustruere,  a  frequentative  from 
bo,  id.  ;  as  it  is  customary  with  the 
Goths  thus  to  augment  monosyllables  in 
o ;  as  sugg-a  from  so,  a  sow. 

To  BIG,  v.  n.   To  build  a  nest.   A  common 


use  of  the  term  in  S.  "  The  gray  swallow 
bigs  i'  the  cot-house  wa'."  Remains  Nith- 
dale  Song. 

To  BIG  round  one.     To  surround,  Aberd. 

To  BIG  upon.  To  fall  upon;  to  attack, 
Aberd.  ;  perhaps  referring  to  the  ap- 
proaches made  by  a  besieging  army. 

BIG-COAT,  s.     A  great-coat,  S. 

BYGANE,  Bigane,  Bygone,  adj.  1.  Past  ; 
S.  The  latter  is  mentioned  by  Dr.  John- 
son as  "  a  Scotch  word."  Acts  J  a.  I.  2. 
Preceding  ;  equivalent  to  E.  predeceased. 

BYGANES,  Bigones,  used  as  a.  pi.  denot- 
ing what  is  past,  but  properly  including 
the  idea  of  transgression  or  defect.  1.  It 
denotes  offences  against  the  sovereign,  or 
the  state,  real  or  supposed.  Baillie.  In 
this  sense  it  is  used  proverbially  ;  Let 
byganes  be  byganes,  let  past  offences  be 
forgotten,  S.'  2.  It  is  used  in  relation  to 
the  quarrels  of  lovers,  or  grounds  of 
offence  given  by  either  party,  S.  Morisou. 
3.  It  often  denotes  arrears,  sums  of  mo- 
ney formerly  due,  but  not  paid,  S.  Wod- 

BIG  GAR,  s.  A  builder,  one  who  carries 
on  a  building.     Acts  Mary. 

BIGGIE,  Biggin,  s.  A  linen  cap,  Ayrs. 
— Fr.  beguin.    V.  Bigonet. 

BIGGING,  Byggyn,  Byggynge,  s.  A  build- 
ing ;  a  house,  properly  of  a  larger  size, 
as  opposed  to  a  cottage,  S.  Wallace. — 
Biggin,  a  building,  Gl.  Westmorel.  Isl. 
bigging,  structura. 

BIGGIT,  part.  pa.  Built.— This  word  is 
used  in  various  senses,  S.  Biggit  land, 
land  where  there  are  houses  or  buildings, 
contrasted  with  one's  situation  in  a  soli- 
tude, or  far  from  any  shelter  during  a 
storm,  S.  Barbour.  Weill  biggit,  well- 
grown,  lusty.  Melr  ill's  MS.  A  icedl 
biggit  body  is  one  who  has  acquired  a 
good  deal  of  wealth,  S.B. 

BIGGIT  WA'S,  s.  pi.  Buildings  ;  houses, 
S.     Guy  Mannering.    V.  To  Big,  Byg. 

BIGGIT,  pret.  Perhaps,  inclined.  King 
Hart.— A.S.  byg-an,fLectere. 

BIGHT,  ^.  l.'A  loop  upon  a  rope.  2. 
The  inclination  of  a  bay,  Loth. — Teut. 
bigh-en,  pandari,  iucurvari,  flecti;  Isl.  bugt, 
curvatura,  sinus.     V.  Bought. 

BIGHTSOM,  adj.  Implying  an  easy  air, 
and,  at  the  same  time,  activity,  S.B. 
Morison. — Perhaps  q.  buxom,  from  A.S. 
bocsum  flexibilis  ;  byg-an,  to  bend. 

BIGLY,  Bygly,  adj.  1.  Commodious,  or 
habitable.  Bludy  Serk.  2.  Pleasant, 
delightful.  Bord.  Minst—  From  A.S. 
big-an,  habitare,  and  lie,  similis. 

BIGL1E,  adj.  Rather  large,  Ettr.  For. 
From  big,  large,  q.  big-like. 

BIGONET,  s.  A  linen  cap  or  coif.  Ram- 
say.— From  the  same  origin  with  E.  big- 
gin, "  a  kind  of  coif,  or  linen  cap  for  a 
young  child  ;"  Phillips ;  or  rather  from 


Fr.  beguine,  a  nun  of  a  certain  order  in 

BIGS,  Barbour,  xix.  392.  Pink.  ed.  Leg. 
Lugis,  lodges. 

BYILYEIT,  part.  pa.  Boiled.  Chalmers's 

BYK.  Apparently,  an  errat.  for  byt,  bite. 

BYKAT,  Beikat,  s.  A  male  salmon  ;  so 
called,  when  come  to  a  certain  age,  be- 
cause of  the  beak  which  grows  in  his  un- 
der jaw  ;  Aug. 

BIKE,  Byke,  Byik,  Beik,s.  1.  A  build- 
ing, a  habitation,  S.  Gawan  and  Got. 
2.  A  nest  or  hive  of  bees,  wasps,  or  ants, 
S.  Douglas.  3.  A  building  erected  for 
the  preservation  of  grain  ;  Caithn.  Pen- 
nant. 4.  Metaph.  an  association  or  col- 
lective body  ;  S.  Lyndsay.  To  skail 
the  byke,  metaph.  to  disperse'an  assembly 
of  whatever  kind  ;  S.  5.  A  valuable 
collection  of  whatever  kind,  when  ac- 
quired without  labour  or  beyond  expec- 
tation. G.  In  the  North  of  S.  it  is  used 
in  a  similar  sense,  but  only  denoting 
trifles.— Isl.  biik-ar,  denotes  a  hive, 
alvear  ;  and  Teut.  bie-boch,  bie-buyck, 
apiarium,  alvearium,  Kilian.  The  Isl. 
word  is  probably  from  Su.  G.  bygq-a, 
to  build,  part.  pa.  bygdt ;  q.  something 
prepared  or  built.  There  seems  to  be 
no  reason  to  doubt  that  the  word,  as 
used  in  sense  2.  is  the  same  with  that  de- 
noting a  habitation.  For  what  is  a  byke 
or  bee-bike,  but  a  building  or  habitation 
of  bees  ? 

To  BIKE,  v.  n.  To  hive  ;  to  gather  together 
like  bees,  South  of  S.     A.  Scott's  Poems. 

BYKING,  s.  A  hive  ;  a  swarm.  Syn.  Bike, 
Byke,  Ettr.  For.     Hogg. 

BYKNYF,  Bvknife,  s."A  knife.  Perhaps 
a  house-knife,  from  A.S.  bye,  habitatio, 
and  cnif,  a  knife  ;  or  it  may  be  a  knife 
lying  by  one,  or  at  hand.     Aberd.  Reg. 

BYKYNIS,  s.    Bodkins.    Aberd.  Reg.    V '. 


BILBIE,s.  Shelter,  residence  ;  Ang.  This, 
I  apprehend,  is  a  very  ancient  word.  It 
may  be  either  from  Su.G.  byle,  habitacu- 
lum,  and  by,  pagus,  conjoined,  as  denot- 
ing residence  in  a  village  ;  or  more  simply, 
from  Bolby,  villa  primaria  ;  from  hot, 
praedium,  and  by,  a  village.  Thus  bolby 
would  signify  a  village  which  has  a  prae- 
dium, or  territory  of  its  own,  annexed 
to  it. 

BILCH,  {gutt.)  s.  LA  lusty  person.  2. 
In  Selkirks.,a  little,  crooked,  insignificant 
person.     V.  Belch. 

To  BILCH,  (ch  soft)  r.  n.  To  limp  ;  to 
,  halt,  Tweedd.  Roxb.  Syn.IIilch.  Perhaps 
from  Teut.  bulcker,  inclinare  se  ;  or  Isl. 
bylta,  volutare,  billta,  casus,  lapsus. 

BILCHER,  s.     One  who  halts,  ibid. 

BILDER,  a.  A  scab,  Ang.— A.S.  byle,  car- 
bunculus,  Su.G.  bo! da  or  boeld,  ulcus. 



BILEDAME,  s.  A  great-grandmother. 
Co!ke!bie  Sow.  Like  E.  beldam,  from  Fr. 
belle  dame.  It  seems  probable  that  this 
was  an  honourable  title  of  consanguinity  ; 
and  that  as  E.  grandam  denotes  a 
grandmother,  in  O.Fr.  grande-dame  had 
the  same  sense  in  common  with  grande- 
mere  ;  and  that  the  next  degree  back- 
wards was  belle-dame,  a  great-grand- 
mother. Be/dam  seems  to  have  fallen 
into  equal  disrepute  with  Luckie,  which, 
as  well  as  Luckie-minnie ,  still  signifies  a 
grandmother,  transferred  to  an  old  wo- 
man, and  often  used  disrespectfully. 

BILEFT,  fret.  Remained,  abode.  Sir 
Tristrem. — A.S.  belif-an,  superesse,  to  re- 
main ;  Alem.  bilib-en,  Franc,  biliu-en, 
manere  ;  Schilter. 

To  BYLEPE,  v.  a.  To  cover,  as  a  stallion 
does  a  mare.  Douglas. — A.S.  behleap-an, 
insilire,  Su.G.  leop-a,  Teut.  loop-en,  catu- 

BILES,  Byus,  *.  A  game  for  four  persons  ; 
a  sort  of  billiards.  Chal.  Life  of  Mary. 
— Fr.  bille,  a  small  bowl  or  billiard  ball. 

BILF.s.  Amonster.  St. Patrick.  V.  Belch, 

BILF,  s.  A  blunt  stroke,  Ayrs.  Lanarks. 
Gait's  R.  Gilhaize.     Beff,  Baff,  syn. 

BILGET,  s.  A  projection  for  the  support 
of  a  shelf,  &c,  Aberd.— Teut.  bulget,  bul- 
ga  ;  O.Goth,  bulg-ia,  to  swell  out. 

BILGET,  adj.  Bulged,  jutting  out.  Dou- 
glas.— Su.G.  bulg-ia,  to  swell,  whence  Isl. 
bylgia,  a  billow."  Or,  Isl.  eg  beige,  curvo ; 
belgia  huopta,  inflare  buccas. 

To  BILL,  v. a.  1.  To  register,  to  record.  Bp. 
Forbes.  2.  To  give  a  legal  information 
against,  to  indict  ;  synon.  with  Delate, 
Dilate.    Acts  J  a.  VI. 

BILL,  s.  Corr.  of  E.  Bull.  Davidson's 
Poems.— From  Sw.  boel-a,  Isl.  baul-a,  to 
bellow  ;  Isl.  baula,  a  cow,  baidi,  a  bull. 

To  BILLY,  r.  n.  To  low.  Corr.  of  bellow, 
Galloway.     Davidson's  Seasons. 

BILLY  BENTIE.  A  smart,  roguish  boy ; 
used  either  in  a  good  or  in  a  bad  sense;  as, 
"  Weel,  weel,  Billy  benty,  I'se  mind  you 
for  that  !"  S.  From  billy,  a  boy,  sense 
8.,  and  perhaps  A.S.  beniith,  "that  hath 
obtained  his  desire  ;"  from  bene,  a  re- 
quest or  boon,  and  tith-ian,  ge-tith-ian,  to 

BILLY  BLYNDE,  Billy  Blix, g.  1.  The 
designation  given  to  Brownie,  or  the 
lubber  fiend,  in  some  of  the  southern 
counties  of  S.  Rem.  of  JYith.  Song.  2. 
Blind-man's-buff.  As  the  skin  of  an  ani- 
mal was  generally  worn  by  him  who  sus- 
tained the  principal  character  in  Blind- 
man's-buff,  or  Blind  Hark,  the  sport 
may  be  so  denominated  from  his  sup- 
posed resemblance  to  Brownie,  who  is 
always  represented  as  having  a  rough 
appearance,  and  as  being  covered  with 
hair.    Y.  Blind  IIauie. 



BILLYBLINDER,s.  1.  The  person  who 
hoodwinks  another  in  the  play  of  Blind- 
man's-buff,  S.  2.  Metaph.  used  for  a  blind 
or  imposition.     Perils  of  Man. 

B1LL1E,,  s.  1.  A  companion,  a  com- 
rade. Minstrelsy  Border.  2.  Fellow, 
used  rather  contemptuously,  S.  ;  synon. 
chield,chap.  Shirrefs.  3.  As  a  term  ex- 
pressive of  affection  and  familiarity  ;  S. 
Ramsay.  4.  A  lover,  one  who  is  in  suit 
of  a  woman.  Evergreen.  Still  used  in 
this  sense,  S.B.  5.  A  brother,  S.  Min- 
strelsy Border.  6.  Apparently  used  in 
allusion  to  brotherhood  in  arms,  accord- 
ing to  the  ancient  laws  of  chivalry.  Min- 
strelsy Border.  7.  A  young  man.  In  this 
sense  it  is  often  used  in  the  pi.  The 
billies,  or  the  young  billies,  S.B.  It  is  expl. 
"a  stout  man,  a  clever  fellow/'  Gl.  Shirr. 
8.  Sometimes  it  signifies  a  boy,  S.B.  as 
synon.  with  callan.  Ross. — It  is  probably 
allied  to  Su.G.  Germ.  biUhj,  Belg.  billik, 
equalis  ;  as  denoting  those  that  are  on  a 
footing  as  to  age,  rank,  relation,  affection, 
or  employment. 

BILLYHOOD,  s.  Brotherhood,  South  of  S. 
Brownie  of  Bodsbcck. 

BILLIT,  adj.  "Shod  with  iron,"  Rudd. 
Billit  ax.  Douglas. — This  phrase  is  per- 
haps merely  a  circumlocution  for  the 
bipennis,  or  large  ax.     V.  Balax. 

BILSH,  s.  1.  A  short,  plump,  and  thriving 
person  or  animal ;  as,  "  A  bilsh  o'  a  cal- 
lan," a  thickset  boy,  Lanarks.  Roxb. 
Pilch  is  used  in  the  same  sense.  2.  A 
little  waddling  fellow,  Ettr.  For. 

BILSHIE,  adj.  Short,  plump,  and  thriving, 

To  BILT,  r.  n.  To  go  lame  ;  to  limp  ;  also 
to  walk  with  crutches,  Roxb. 

BILT,  s.     A  limp,  ibid. 

BILT,  s.     A  blow,  Ayrs.     Gl.  Picken. 

BILTER,s.  A  child,  Dumfr.  ;  Id.  pilfer, 

BILTIE,  adj.  Thick  and  clubbish,  Lanarks. 

BILTINESS,s.  Clubbishuess ;  clumsiness, 
ibid.     V.  Bulty. 

BILTIN',  part.  pr.  Limping  ;  as,  biltin' 
area'.  Syn.  Liltin'',  O.S. — Isl.  billta, \o\u- 
tare,  prolabi,  inverti. 

To  BIM,  r.  n.  To  hum,  Renfrews.  A  variety 
of  Bum,  q.  v. 

BIM,s.     The  act  of  buzzing,  ibid. 

BIMMER,  j.     That  which  hums,  ibid. 

To  BIN,  i:  n.  To  move  with  velocity  and 
noise  ;  as, "  He  ran  as  fast  as  he  could 
bin,  i.  e.,  move  his  feet,  Fife  ;  syn.  Binner. 
Allied,  perhaps,  to  Isl.  bein-a,  expedire, 
negotium  promovere. 

BIN.  A  sort  of  imprecation  ;  as, "  Bin  thae 
biting  clegs  !"  Sorrow  be  on  these  biting 
clegs  ;  used  when  one  is  harassed  by 

BIN, s.  Key;  humour,  Aberd.  It  seems 
the  same  as  Bind,  q.  v. 

BIN,  s.     A  mountain.  S.O.     Galloway.— 

From  Gael,  ben,  id.,  Lomond  bin,  being 
synon.  with  Benlomond. 

BIND,  Binde,  s.  1.  Dimension,  size  ;  es- 
pecially with  respect  to  circumference. 
A  barrel  of  a  certain  bind,  is  one  of  cer- 
tain dimensions,  S.  ;  hence  Barrel  bind. 
Acts  Ja.  III.  2.  It  is  used  more  gener- 
ally to  denote  size  in  any  sense.  Acts 
Mary.  3.  Metaph.  to  denote  ability. 
"Aboon  my  bind,"  beyond  my  power. 
This  is  often  applied  to  pecuniary  ability ; 
S.  This  use  of  the  word  is  evidently  bor- 
rowed from  the  idea  of  binding  a  vessel 
with  hoops.  4.  Used  in  reference  to 
morals.    A.Scott's  Poems. 

B1ND-POCK,  s.     A  niggard.     Kelly. 

BINDLE,  s.  The  cord  or  rope  that  binds 
anything,  whether  made  of  hemp  or  of 
straw;  S. — Su.G.  bindel,  a  headband,  a 
fillet,  from  bind-as,  to  bind.  Teut.  bindel, 

BINDWEED,  s.  Ragwort,  S.  Wilson's 
Renfrews.     V.  Bunwede. 

BINDWOOD,  s.  The  vulgar  name  for  ivy, 
S.  ;  Hedera  helix,  Linn.  ;  pron.  binwud. 
—Denominated,  perhaps,  from  the  strong 
hold  that  it  takes  of  a  wall,  a  rock,  trees, 
&c,  q.  the  binding  wood.  It  is  probably 
the  same  which  is  written  benwood.  Sta- 
tist. Ace.  In  Sutherland  and  its  vicinity 
those  who  are  afraid  of  having  their  cows 
bewitched,  and  the  milk  taken  from  them, 
twist  a  collar  of  ivy  and  put  it  round  the 
neck  of  each  of  their  cows. 

BING,  s.  1.  Aheap  in  general.  Lyndsay.  2. 
A  heap  of  grain,  S.  Douglas.  3.  A  pile 
of  wood  ;  immediately  designed  as  a  fu- 
neral pile.  Douglas.  4.  "  A  temporary 
enclosure  or  repository  made  of  boards, 
twigs,  or  straw  ropes,  for  containing 
grain  or  such  like";  Gl.  Sibb.,  where  it  is 
also  written  binne. — Dan.  bing,  Sw.  binge, 
Isl.  binq-r,  cumulus. 

To  BING,  v.  a.  1.  To  put  into  a  heap.  2. 
Denoting  the  accumulation  of  money. 
Tarras's  Poems. 

To  BYNGE,  r.  n.    To  cringe.  V.  Beenge. 

To  BINK,  r.  a.  To  press  down,  so  as  to 
deprive  anything  of  its  proper  shape.  It 
is  principally  used  as  to  shoes,  when,  by 
careless  wearing,  they  are  allowed  to  fall 
down  in  the  heels ;  S.  —  O.Teut.  bangh- 
en,  premere,  in  angustum  cogere.  Sw. 
bank-a,  to  beat,  seems  allied  ;  q.  to  beat 
down.  Or  it  may  be  a  frequentative  from 
A.S.  bend-an,  to  bend. 

To  BINK,  v.  n.  To  bend  ;  to  bow  down ; 
to  curtsy  ;  leaning  forward  in  an  awk- 
ward manner,  Loth. 

BINK,  s.  The  act  of  bending  down.  A 
horse  is  said  to  give  a  bink,  when  he 
makes  a  false  step  in  consequence  of  the 
bending  of  one  of  the  joints.  To  play  bink, 
to  yield,  Loth. 

BINK,  *.  1.  A  bench,  a  seat  ;  S.B.  Priests 
ofPebligt     2.  a  wooden  frame,  fixed  to 


the  wall  of  a  house,  for  holding  plates, 
bowls,  spoons,  &c.  Ang.  It  is  also  called 
a  Plate-rack  ;  S.  The  Antiquary.  Col- 
cil.  3.  The  long  seat  beside  the  fire  in  a 
country  house.  Tarras's  Poems.  Pro- 
bably an  oblique  sense  of  the  same  term 
which  signifies  a  bench.    V.  Benk. 

BINK-SIDE,  s.  The  side  of  the  long  seat 
beside  the  fire.     Tarras's  Poems. 

BINK,  s.  A  hive.  A  Bee-bink,  a  nest  or 
hive  of  bees;  a  Wasp-blnk,  a  hive  of  wasps, 
Loth.  Roxb.  Perhaps  a  corr.  of  bike,  id. 
though  Kilian  gives  bie-bancke  as  old. 
Teut.  signifying  apiarium. 

BINK,  s.  1.  A  bank,  an  acclivity,  S.B. 
Evergreen.  2.  Bink  of  a  peat-moss,  the 
perpendicular  part  of  a  peat-moss,  from 
which  the  labourer,  who  stands  opposite 
to  it,  cuts  his  peats.  Stat.  Ace. — Wachter 
observes  that  Germ,  bank,  Su.G.  baenk, 
denote  any  kind  of  eminence.    V.  Benk. 

BINKIE,  adj.  Gaudy  ;  trimly  dressed, 
Tweedd.  Perhaps  a  corr.  of  syn.  term 
Diukic,  q.  v. 

BINN  (o/  sheaves.)  All  the  reapers  on  a 
harvest-field.  If  not  from  boon,  perhaps 
from  C.B.  bydhin,  turma,  a  troop,  a  com- 

BINNA,  c.  subst.  with  the  negative  affixed. 
Be  not,  for  be  na. 

BINNA,  Binnae, prep.  Except,  save, but ; 
as,"  The  folk  are  a'  cum,binnae  twa-three," 
Lanarks.  An  elliptical  term  for  "  if 
it  be  not,"  or  be  it  not.  Be  na,  S.  V. 

BINNE,  s.  A  temporary  enclosure  for  pre- 
serving grain,  South  of  S. — A.S.  binne, 
praesepe.     V.  Bing,  sense  3. 

To  BINNER,  r.  n.  1.  To  move  with  ve- 
locity, and  with  a  humming  sound.  A 
wheel  is  said  to  binner  when  driven  round 
with  rapidity  and  emitting  a  humming 
sound,  Aberd.  -  Mearns.  Fife.  Laaarks. 
Syn.  Bicker,  Birl.  2.  To  run,  or  gallop, 
conjoining  the  ideas  of  quickness  and 
carelessness,  Aberd.  Mearns. — Probably 
from  C.B.  buanawr, swift, fleet  ;  buanred, 
rapid  ;  from  buan,  id. 

BINNER,  Binnerin,  s.  A  bickering  noise, 
S.B.     Christmas  Ba'ing. 

BINWEED.    V.  Bunwede. 

BYOUS,  adj.  Extraordinary.  Byous  wea- 
ther, remarkable  weather,  Clydes.  Loth. 
Aberd.     V.  Bias. 

BYOUS,  adv.  Very  ;  in  a  great  degree. 
Byous  hungry,  very  hungry',  ibid. 

BYOUSLIE,  adv.  Extraordinarily  ;  un- 
commonly, Loth.  Clydes. 

BYOUTOUR,  BootyeRjS.  A  gormandizer; 
a  glutton,  Renfrew.  Bootyert,  Stirlings. 
Perhaps  a  metaph.  use  of  Boytour,  the  S. 
name  of  the  bittern,  from  its  supposed 

BYPASSING,...     Lapse.    Acts Ja.  VI. 

BYPAST,  adj.  Past  ;  reckoned  by  Dr. 
Johnson  "  a  term  of  the  Scotch  dialect/' 

5  Bra 

BYPTICIT,  part.  pa.  Dipped  or  dyed. 
Houlate. — Lat.  baptizo. 

BIR,  Birr,  s.  Force.  I  find  that  Isl.  byr, 
expl.  ventus  ferens,  is  deduced  from  ber-a, 
ferre  ;  Gl.  Edd.  Saem.  Perhaps  bir  is 
derived  rather  from  Isl.  foer,  life,  vigour, 
to  which  tir,  tirr,  the  term  denoting 
force  Aberd.  seems  to  have  affinity.  V. 

BIRD,  Beird,  Brid,  Burd,  g.  LA  lady,  a 
damsel.  Ga/man  and  Gol. — As  bridde  is 
the  word  used  by  Chaucer  for  bird,  it  is 
merely  the  A.S.  term  for  pullus,  pullulus. 
Bird,  as  applied  to  a  damsel,  appears  to 
be  the  common  term  used  in  a  metaph. 
sense.  2.  Used,  also  metaph.,  to  denote 
the  young  of  quadrupeds,  particularly  of 
the  fox.  V.  Tod's  Birds.  Perhaps  this 
definition  should  rather  belong  to  Bird, 
Burd,  offspring. 

BIRD,  Burd,  s.  Offspring.  This  term 
seems  to  be  generally  used  in  a  bad  sense ; 
as,  witch-burd,  the  supposed  brood  of  a 
witch  ;  whore' s-burd,  &c.  Loth.  Isl.  byrd, 
nativitas,  genus,  familia. 

BYRD,  v.  imp.  It  behoved,  it  became. 
Barbour. — A.S.  byreth,  pertinet.  This 
imp.  v.  may  have  been  formed  from  byr- 
an,  ber-an,  to  carry,  or  may  be  viewed  as 
nearly  allied  to  it.  Hence  bireth,  ges- 
tavit  ;  Germ,  bcrd,  ge-baerd,  id.,  sick 
berd-en,  gestum  facere.  Su.G.  boer-a, 
debere,  pret.  bordc,  anciently  boerjade. 

BIRD  and  JOE.  A  phrase  used  to  denote 
intimacy  or  familiarity.  Sitting  bird  and 
joe,  sitting  cheek  by  jowl,  like  Darby  and 
Joan,  S. 

BIRDIE,  s.  A  diminutive  from  E.  Bird,  S. 

BIRD-MOUTH'D,  adj.  Mealy-mouth'd,  S. 

*  BIRDS,  s.  pi.  "  A'  the  birds  in  the  air ;" 
a  play  among  children,  S. 

BIRD'S-NEST,  s.  Wild  carrot.  Daucus 
carrota,  Linn. 

BIRDING,  s.  Burden ;  load.  Douglas.— 
A.S.  byrthen  ;  Dan.  byrde,  id.  V.  Birth, 

BYRE,  s.  Cowhouse,  S.  Byer,  id.  Cumb. 
Gatran  and  Gol. — Perhaps  allied  to 
Franc,  buer,  a  cottage ;  byre,  Su.G.  byr,  a 
village  ;  Germ.  6a«cr,habitaculum,  cavea; 
from  Su.G.  bo,  bu-a,  to  dwell.  Or  from 
Isl.  bu,  a  cow;  Gael,  bo,  id. — Rather  from 
O.Fr.  bouterie,  a  stall  for  oxen,  from 
boi'.uf,  an  ox. 

BYREMAN,  s.  A  man-servant  who  cleans 
the  byre  or  cowhouse  on  a  farm,  Ber- 

BIRGET  THREAD,  Birges  Threed.  Per- 
haps Bruges  thread.     Rates. 

BIRK,s.  Birch,  a  tree,  S.  Betula  alba, 
Linn.  Douglas. — A.S.  birc;  Isl.  biorki ; 
Teut.  berck,  id. 

BIRKIE,  adj.    Abounding  with  birches,  S. 

BIRK-KNO  WE,  s.  A  knoll  covered  with 
birches,  S.    Lights  and  Shadows. 




BIRKIN,  Birken,  adj.  Of,  or  belonging 
to  birch,  S.  Mayne's  Siller  Gun.  Ga- 
wan  and  Gol. — A.S.  beorcen,  id. 

To  BIRK,  v.  n.  To  give  a  tart  answer ;  to 
converse  in  a  sharp  and  cutting  way,  S. 
— A.S.  birc-an,  beorc-an,  to  bark,  q.  of  a 
snarling  humour.     Hence, 

BIRKIE,  adj.  1.  Tart  in  speech,  S.  2. 
Lively;  spirited;  mettlesome.     Gait. 

BIRK  Y,  s.  1 .  A  lively  young  fellow ;  a  per- 
son of  mettle,  S.  Poems  Buchan  Dial. 
2.  Auld  Birky,  "  In  conversation,  analo- 
gous to  old  Boy,"  Gl.  Shir.  Ramsay. — 
Allied,  perhaps,  to  Isl.  berk-ia,  jactare,  to 
boast  ;  or  biarg-a,  opitulari,  q.  one  able 
to  give  assistance. 

BIRKIE,  Birkv,  s.  A  trifling  game  at 
cards,  at  which  only  two  play,  throwing 
down  a  card  alternately  :  he  who  follows 
suit  wins  the  trick,  if  he  seizes  the  heap 
before  his  opponent  can  cover  his  card 
with  one  of  his  own.  E.  Beggar-my-neigh- 
bour.     From  Isl.  berk-ia,  to  boast. 

To  BIRL,  Birle,  v.  a.  1.  This  word  pri- 
marily signifies  the  act  of  pouring  out,  or 
furnishing  drink  for  guests,  or  of  parting 
it  among  them.  Douglas.  2.  To  ply  with 
drink.  Minst.  Border.  3.  To  drink  plen- 
tifully, S.  Douglas.  4.  To  club  money 
for  the  purpose  of  procuring  drink.  "  I'll 
birle  my  bawbie,"  I  will  contribute  my 
share  of  the  expense,  S.  Ramsay. — In 
Isl.  it  is  used  in  the  first  sense  ;  byrl-a, 
infundere,  miscere  potum.  In  A.S.  it  oc- 
curs in  sense  third,  birl-ian,  biril-ian, 
haurire.  Hence  byrle,  a  butler.  Isl.  byr- 
lar,  id.  Birle,  O.E.  has  the  same  signifi- 

To  BIRL,  r.  n.  To  drink  in  society,  S. 
Old  Mortality. 

To  BIRL,  i:  n.  1.  To  "make  a  noise  like 
a  cart  driving  over  stones,  or  mill-stones 
at  work."  It  denotes  a  constant  drilling 
sound,  S.  Popular  Ball.  2.  Used  impro- 
perly, to  denote  quick  motion  in  walking, 
Loth.  3.  Sometimes  it  denotes  velocity 
of  motion  in  whatever  way.  Davidson's 
Seasons.  4.  To  toss  up,  Loth.  Roxb. — ■ 
Birl  seems  to  be  a  dimin.  from  the  v.  Birr, 
used  in  the  same  sense,  formed  by  means 
of  the  letter  I,  a  common  note  of  diminu- 
tion. Dr.  Johnson  has  observed,  that  "  if 
there  be  an  I,  as  in  jingle, tingle,  tinkle,  &c, 
there  is  implied  a  frequency,  or  iteration 
of  small  acts  ;"  Grammar  E.  T.  We  may 
add,  that  this  termination  is  frequently 
used  in  words  which  denote  a  sharp  or 
tingling  sound  ;  as  E.  whirl,  drill;  S.  tirl, 

BIRLAW-COURT,  also  Birley-Court.  V. 

BIRLEY-OATS,  Barley-Oats,  s.  pi.  A 
species  of  oats,  S.  Statist.  Ace. — It  seems 
to  have  received  its  name  from  its  sup- 
posed resemblance  to  barley. 

BIRLIE,  s.     A  loaf  of  bread',  S.B. 

BIRLIE-MAN,  s.  One  who  assesses  da- 
mages ;  a  parish  arbiter ;  a  referee,  South 
of  S.  Loth.  Expl.  in  Gl.  Antiquary  ;  "  the 
petty  officer  of  a  burgh  of  barony." 

BIRLIN,s.  A  long-oared  boat  of  the 
largest  size,  often  with  six,  sometimes 
with  eight  oars  ;  generally  used  by  the 
chieftains  in  the  Western  Isles.  It  sel- 
dom had  sails.  Martin's  St.  Kilda. — 
Probably  of  Scandinavian  origin,  as  Sw. 
bars  is  a  kind  of  ship ;  and  berling,  a  boat- 
staff,  Seren.  I  am  informed,  however,  that 
in  Gael,  the  word  is  written  bhuirlin. 

BIRLIN,  s.  A  small  cake,  made  of  oat- 
meal or  barley-meal ;  syn.  Tod,  Ettr.  For. 
Tweedd. — Gael,  builin,  signifies  a  loaf, 
and  bairghean,  a  cake. 

BIRLING,  s.     A  drilling  noise,  S. 

BIRLING,  §.  A  drinking  match,  in  which, 
generally,  the  drink  is  clubbed  by  the 
company.    Bride  of  Lammermoor. 

BIRN,  s.  The  high' part  of  a  farm  where 
the  young  sheep  are  summered;  or  dry, 
heathy  pasture,  reserved  for  the  lambs 
after  they  have  been  weaned,  Roxb.  Loth. 
— C.B.  bryn,  a  hill  ;  Su.G.  brun,  vertex 
montis  ;  Isl.  bryn  and  brun,  a  height  in  a 
general  sense. 

To  BIRN  Lambs.  To  put  them  on  a  poor, 
dry  pasture.    Agr.  Sure.  Peeb. 

BIRNY,  adj.  1.  Covered  with  the  scorched 
stems  of  heath  that  has  been  set  on  fire,  S. 
2.  Having  a  rough  or  stunted  stem  ;  ap- 
plied to  plants,  i.  e.  like  the  stems  of  burnt 
heath,  furze,  &c,  Loth.    V.  Birns. 

BIRN,  s.  The  matrix,  or  rather  the  labia 
pudenda  of  a  cow.— Allied,  perhaps,  to 
Isl.  brund-ur,  pecudum  coeundi  actus,  et 
appetitus  inire ;  G.  Andr.  C.B.  bry, 
matrix  vulva. 

To  BIRN,  r.  a.     To  burn.     V.  Bryn. 

BIRN,  Birne,  s.  1.  A  burnt  mark,  S.  Acts 
Charles  II.  2.  A  ma.rk  burnt  on  the 
noses  of  sheep,  S.  3.  Skin  and  Birn,  a 
common  phrase,  denoting  the  whole  of 
anything,  or  of  any  number  of  persons  or 
things,  S.;  from  A.S.  byrn,  burning.  Acts 

BIRN,  s.  A  burden,  S.B.  Ross,  To  gie 
one's  birn  a  hitch,  to  assist  him  in  a  strait, 
S.B.  Poems  Buchan  Dial. — An  abbre- 
viation of  A.S.  byrthen,  burden  ;  if  not 
from  C.B.  bwm,  onus,  byrn-ia,  onerare. 

BIRNIE,  Byrnie,  s.  A  corslet ;  a  brigan- 
dine.  Douglas. — A.S.  byrn,  byrna  ;  Isl. 
bryn,  brynia ;  Sw.  bringa,  thorax,  lorica, 
munimentum  pectoris ;  probably  from  Isl. 
bringa,  pectus. 

BIRNS,  s.  pi.  Roots  ;  the  stronger  stems 
of  burnt  heath,  which  remain  after  the 
smaller  twigs  are  consumed,  S.  Penny- 
cuik. — A.S.  byrn,  incendium. 

BIRR,  s.     Force.     V.  Beir. 

To  BIRR,  r.n.  1 .  To  make  a  whirring  noise, 
especially  in  motion  ;  the  same  with  birl, 



S.  Douglas.  It  is  very  often  used  to  de- 
note the  sound  made  by  a  spinning-wheel. 
The  Entail.  2.  To  be  in  a  state  of  con- 
fusion, S.B.  It  seems  to  signify  the  con- 
fusion in  the  head  caused  by  violent  ex- 
ercise.    Skinner.     V.  Beir,  S. 

BIRR,  Birl,  s.  The  whizzing  sound  of  a 
spinning-wheel,  or  of  any  other  machine, 
in  rapid  gyration.   Gl.  Sum.  Nairn. 

BIRRING,  s.  The  noise  made  by  partridges 
when  they  spring,  S. 

BIRS,  Birss,s.  The  gad-fly,  Roxb.— E. 
breeze,  brize ;  Ital.  brissio ;  A.S.  brimsa. 

B  IRS,  Birse,  Byrss,Birssis,s.  1.  A  bristle; 
"  a  sow's  birse"  the  bristle  of  a  sow,  S. 
Evergreen.  2.  Metaph.  for  the  beard. 
Knox.  3.  Metaph.  for  the  indication  of 
rage  or  displeasure.  "  To  set  up  one's 
birss,"  to  put  one  in  a  rage.  The  birse  is 
also  said  to  rise,  when  one's  temper  be- 
comes warm,  in  allusion  to  animals  fenced 
with  bristles,  that  defend  themselves,  or 
express  their  rage  in  this  way,  S.  Course 
of  Conformitie. — A.S.  byrst ;  Germ,  borst, 
burst;  Su.G.  borst,  id.  Ihre  derives  it 
from  burr,  a  thistle.  Sw.  sacttia  up  bor- 
sten,  to  put  one  in  a  rage  ;  boi-sta  sig,  to 
give  one's  self  airs,  E.  to  bristle  up. 
Hence  the  origin  of  E.  brush;  for  Sw. 
borst,  is  a  brush,  borsta,  to  brush,  from 
borst,  seta  ;  a  brush  being  made  of  bristles. 

BIRSALL,  s.  A  dye  stuff.  Perhaps  for 
Brasell,  or  Fernando  buck  wood.  Aberd. 

To  BIRSE,  Birze,  Brize,  r.  a.  1.  To 
bruise,  S.  Watson.  Palice  of  Honour. 
Brise  is  common  in  O.E.  2.  To  push  or 
drive  ;  to  birse  in,  to  push  in,  S.  Shirrefs. 
3.  To  press,  to  squeeze.  To  birse  up. — 
A.S.  brys-an;  Belg.  brys-en ;  Ir.  bris-im; 
Fr.  bris-er,  id. 

BIRSS Y,  adj.  1.  Having  bristles  ;  rough, 
S.  Douglas.  2.  Hot-tempered  ;  easily  ir- 
ritated, S.  3.  Keen  ;  sharp  ;  applied  to 
the  weather.  "  A  birssy  day,"  a  cold, 
bleak  day,  S.B.  4.  Metaph.  used  in  re- 
gard to  severe  censure  or  criticism. 

BIRSE,  Brize,  s.  1.  A  bruise,  S.  Gait. 
2.  The  act  of  pressing  ;  the  pressure  made 
bya  crowd ;  as,"  We  had  an  awfu'  birse," S. 

To  BIRSLE,  Birstle,  Brissle,  v.  a.  1.  To 
burn  slightly;  to  broil;  to  parch  by  means 
of  fire ;  as,  to  birsle  peas,  S.  Douglas. 
2.  To  scorch;  referring  to  the  heat  of  the 
sun,  S.  Douglas.  3.  To  warm  at  a  lively 
fire,  S.  A.Bor.  brush,  id.  To  dry;  as, 
"  The  sun  brusles  the  hay,"  i.  e.  dries  it. 
— Su.G.  brasa,  a  lively  fire  ;  whence  Isl. 
brys,  ardent  heat,  and  bryss-a,  to  act  with 
fervour,  ec  breiske,  torreo,  aduro ;  A.S. 
brastl,  glowing,  brastlian,  to  burn,  to  make 
a  crackling  noise. 

BIRSLE,  Brissle,  $.  1.  A  hasty  toasting 
or  scorching,  S.  2.  Apparently  that  which 
is  toasted. 

B1RST.  s.     Brunt.      To  dree  <>r  stand  the 


birst;  to  bear  the  brunt,  Roxb.— From 
A.S.  byrst,  berst,  malum,  damnum,  q.  sus- 
tain the  loss  ;  or  byrst,  aculeum. 

To  BIRST,  r.  n.  To  weep  convulsively  ; 
to  birst  and  greet,  Aberd.  This  appears 
to  be  a  provincial  pronunciation  of  E. 
burst;  as,  "  She  burst  into  tears." 

*  BIRTH,  s.  An  establishment ;  an  office  ; 
a  situation,  good  or  bad,  S.  Gl.  Surv. 

BIRTH,  Byrth,  s.  Size;  bulk;  burden. 
Douglas.  V.  Burding.— Isl.  byrd,  byrth- 
ur,  byrth-i ;  Dan.  byrde ;  Su.G.  boerd, 
burden  ;  whence  byrding,  navis  oneraria. 
The  origin  is  Isl.  ber~a;  Su.G.  baer-a ; 
A.S.  ber-an,  byr-an,  portare. 

BIRTH,  s.  A  current  in  the  sea,  caused 
by  a  furious  tide,  but  taking  a  different 
course  from  it,  Orkn.  Caithn.  Stat.  Ace. 
— Isl.  byrd-ia,  currere,  festinare,  Verel.; 
apparently  signifying  a  strong  current. 

BIRTHIE,  adj.  Productive  ;  prolific ;  from 
E.  birth.     Law's  Memoriedls. 

BYRUN,  Birun,  part.  pa.  Past  ;  "  Byrun 
rent."  Aberd.  Reg. 

BY-RUNIS,  Byru'nms,  s.  pi.  Arrears. 
Skene.   This  is  formed  like  By-ganes,  q.  v. 

BYRUNNING,^>  Waved.  Douglas. 
— Moes.G.  birinu-au,  percurrere. 

BYSENFU',  adj.  Disgusting,  Roxb.— Isl. 
busn,  a  prodigy.     V.  Byssm. 

BYSENLESS,  s.  Extremely  worthless  ; 
without  shame  in  wickedness  ;  without 
parallel. — A.S.  bysen,  bysn,  exempluni. 

BYSET,  s.  A  substitute,  Ayrs.  q.  what 
sets  one  by.     V.  Set  by,  v. 

BISHOP,  s.  1.  A  peevish,  ill-natured  boy  ; 
as,  "  A  canker'd  bishop,"  Lanarks.  This 
seems  to  have  originated  among  the  com- 
mon people  in  the  West,  from  the  ideas 
they  entertained  of  the  Episcopal  clergy 
during  the  period  of  the  persecution.  2.  A 
rammer,  or  weighty  piece  of  wood  used 
by  paviors  to  level  their  work,  Aberd. 

BISHOPRY,  s.  Episcopacy  ;  government 
by  diocesan  bishops.  Apologet.  Relation. 
— A.S.  biscoprice,  episcopatus. 

BISHOP'S  FOOT.  It  is  said,  The  Bishop's 
foot  has  been  in  the  broth,  when  they  are 
singed,  S.  Tyndale. — This  phrase  seems 
to  have  had  its  origin  in  times  of  Popery, 
when  the  clergy  had  such  extensive  in- 
fluence, that  hardly  anything  could  be 
done  without  their  interference.  A  simi- 
lar phrase  is  used  A.Bor.  "  The  Bishop 
has  set  his  foot  in  it,"  a  saying  in  the 
North,  used  for  milk  that  is  bumt-to  in 

BY-SHOT,  s.  One  who  is  set  aside  for  an 
old  maid,  Buchan.     Tarras's  Poems. 

BYSYNT,  adj.    Monstrous.    Wyntown.  V. 


BISKET,  s.     Breast.     V.  Brisket. 
BISM,  Bysyme,  Bisne,  Bisine,  s.    Abyss  ; 
gulf.  Douglas. — Fr.abysme;  Gr.  a£W<>?.  ; 
BISMAR,  Bysmer,  s.     A  steelyard,  or  in- 



strurr.ent  for  weighing  resembling  it  ; 
sometimes  bissimar,  S.B.  Orkn.  Barry. 
V.  Pundlar. — Isl.  bismari,  bcsmar,  libra, 
trutina  minor  ;  Leg.  West.Goth.  bismare  ; 
Su.G.  besman ;  Teut.  bosemer,  id.  stater  ; 
Kilian.  G.  Andr.  derives  this  word  from 
Isl.  bes,  a  part  of  a  pound  weight. 

BISMARE,  Bismere,  s.  1.  A  bawd.  2.  A 
lewd  woman,  in  general.  Douglas. — "  F. 
ab  A.S.  bismcr,  contumelia,  aut  bismerian, 
illudere,  dehonorare,  polluere,"  Rudd. 

B1SMER,  s.  The  name  given  to  a  species 
of  stickleback,  Orkn.     Barry. 

BISMING,  Byisming,  Byisning,  Bysening, 
Bysynt,  adj.  Horrible;  monstrous.  Dou- 
glas.    V.  Byssym. 

BISON,  s.  The  wild  ox,  anciently  common 
in  S.     Pennant. 

BYSPEL,  Byspale,  s.  A  person  or  thing 
of  rare  or  wonderful  qualities;  frequently 
used  ironically;  as,  "  He's  just  a  byspel," 
he  is  an  uncommon  character,  Roxb. 
Teut.  byspel;  Germ,  be yspiel,  an  example, 
a  pattern,  a  model. — A.S.  bispell,  bigspell, 
an  example,  &c;  also,  a  byword,  a  pro- 
verb; from  hi,  big,  de,  of,  concerning,  and 
spel,  a  story,  a  speech,  &c. 

BYSPEL,  adv.  Very,  extraordinarily.  By- 
spel vcecl,  very  well,  exceedingly  well, 

BY-SPEL,  s.  An  illegitimate  child,  Roxb. 
North' of  E.  id.     Low  E.  bye-bloic. 

BYSPREXT,  part.  pa.  Besprinkled;  over- 
spread. Douglas.  Belg.  besprengh-en,  to 

BISSARTE,  Bissette,  s.  A  buzzard  ;  a 
kind  of  hawk.  Acts  Ja.  II. — Germ,  bu- 
sert;  Fr.  bussart,  id. 

To  BYSSE,  Bizz,  v.  n.  To  make  a  hissing 
noise,  as  hot  iron  plunged  into  water,  S. 
Doug/as. — Belg.  bies-en,  to  hiss  like  ser- 

B1SSE,  Bizz,  s.  1.  A  hissing  noise,  S.  2. 
A  buzz  ;  a  bustle.     Ferguson. 

BISSET,  s.  Apparently  plate  of  gold,  sil- 
ver, or  copper,  with  which  some  stuffs 
were  striped.  Chalmers's  Mary. — Fr. 
bisete,  bisette,  id. 

BYSSYM,  Bysym,  Besuji,  Bysn,  Bissome, 
Bussome,  Bysning,  s.  1.  A  monster. 
Houlate.  2.  A  prodigy  ;  something  por- 
tentous of  calamity.  Knox.  3.  Bysim 
is  still  used  as  a  term  highly  expressive 
of  contempt  for  a  woman  of  an  unworthy 
character,  S.  Y.  Bisming. — Mr.  Mac- 
pherson,  vo.  Bysynt,  mentions  A.S.  bys- 
morfull,  horrendus.  Isl.  bysmarfull  has 
the  same  sense  ;  bysna,  to  portend  ;  bysn, 
a  prodigy,  graude  quod  ac  ingens,G.  Andr. 

BISTAYD,  Bistode,  pret.  Perhaps,  sur- 
rounded. Sir  Tristrem. — A.S.  bestod,  cir- 
cumdedit,  from  bestand-an  ;  Teut.  besteen, 
circumsistere,  circumdare. 

BISTER,  s.  Expl.  "  a  town  of  land  in  Ork- 
ney; as,  Hobbister,  i.  e.  a  town  or  district 
of  high  land ;  Sicanbister,  corr.  Swambister, 


supposed  to  signify  the  town  of  Sweno." 
"  A  considerable  number  [of  names  of 
places  in  Orkney  and  Shetland]  end  in 
ster  and  bister;  as,  Swaraster,  Kirkabister, 
&c.  It  is  probable,  however,  that  the 
names  at  present  supposed  to  end  in  ster, 
are  abbreviations  from  seter.  Both  imply 
settlement  or  dwelling."  Edmonstone's 
Zetl.  Isl.  setur,  sedes,  a  seat ;  so  bister, 
from  bi,  pagus,  and  seter ;  i.  e.  "  the  seat 
of  a  village." 

BYSTOUR,  Boysture,  s.  A  term  of  con- 
tempt, the  precise  meaning  of  which  seems 
to  be  lost.  Pohcart.  Several  similar  terms 
occur,  as  Fr.  historic,  crooked,  boister,  to 
limp  ;  bustarin,  a  great  lubber. 

BIT,  s.  A  vulgar  term  used  for  food,  S. 
Bit  and  baid,  meat  and  clothing,  S.B. 
Boss.  Although  baid  be  understood  of 
clothing,  I  suspect  that  it,  as  well  as  bit, 
originally  signified  food,  from  A.S.  bead, 
a  table. 

BYT,  s.  A  blow  or  stroke,  Aberd.  Banff. 
Douglas. — A.S.  byt,  morsus,  metaph.  used. 

*  BIT, .«.  1 .  Denoting  a  place,  or  particular 
spot;  as,  "  He  canna  stan'  in  a  bit,"  he  is 
continually  changing  his  situation.  Guy 
Mannering.  2.  Applied  to  time  ;  "  Stay 
a  wee  bit,"  stay  a  short  while.  Black 
Dwarf.  3.  The  nick  of  time  ;  the  crisis, 
S.O.  "IntheoiJo'time."  Bums.  4.  Often 
used  in  conjunction  with  a  substantive  in- 
stead of  a  diminutive  ;  as,  a  bit  bairn,  a 
little  child,  S.  Antiquary.  5.  U&ed  as  a 
diminutive  expressive  of  contempt.  "  Ye 
greet  more  for  the  drowning  of  a  bit  calf 
or  stirk,  than  ever  ye  did  for  all  the 
tyranny  and  defections  of  Scotland." 
Walker's  Peden. 

BITTIE,  s.  A  little  bit,  S.B.  Synon.  with 
bittock,  S.A.  Pron.  buttie  or  bottie,  Aberd. 
— Ban.  bitte,  pauxillus,  pauxillulus. 

BIT  and  BRAT.     V.  Brat,  s. 

BIT  and  BUFFET  WI'T.  One's  susten- 
ance accompanied  with  severe  or  unhand- 
some usage.     S.Pror. 

BITE,  s.  LA  mouthful  of  food,  the  same 
with  E.  bit,  S.  2.  A  very  small  portion 
of  edible  food  ;  what  is  barely  necessary 
for  sustenance,  S.  Old  Mortality.  3.  A 
small  portion,  used  in  a  general  sense.  In 
this  sense,  bite  in  S.  is  still  used  for  bit 
in  E. 

BITE  and  SOUP.  Meat  and  drink ;  the  mere 
necessaries  of  life,  S.    Heart  Mid-Loth. 

BYTESCHEIP,  s.  A  contemptuous  term, 
meant  as  a  play  on  the  title  of  Bishop. 
Bite,  or  devour  the  sheep.     Semple. 

BITTILL,  Bittle,  s.  A  beetle ;  a  heavy 
mallet,  especially  one  used  for  beating 
clothes.     Houlate.     The  Pirate. 

To  BITTLE,  Bittil,  r.  a.  To  beat  with  a 
beetle  ;  as,  to  bittle  lint,  to  beat  flax,  Loth . 

BITTLIN,  s.  The  battlements  of  any  old 
building,  Ayrs.,  q.  battelling. 

BITTRIES,  s.  pi.  Buttresses.  Aberd.  Peg. 




BITTOCK,*.  1.  A  little  bit,  S.  Glenfer- 
gus.  2.  A  small  portion,  applied  to  space ; 
as,  "  A  mile  and  a  bittock."  Guy  Man- 
nering.     V.  the  letter  K. 

To  BY'WAUE,  v.  a.  To  coyer ;  to  hide  ; 
to  cloak.  Douglas.  —  A.S.  bewaef-an  ; 
Moes.G.  bi  tea  lb  /an,  id. 

BYWENT,  part.  adj.  Past,  in  reference 
to  time  ;  synon.  Bygane.  Bellenden. — 
Moes.G.  bi,  postea  ;  A.S.  icendan,  ire. 

BIZZ,  g.  To  tak  the  bizz;  applied  to  cattle 
when,  from  being  stung  with  the  gadfly, 
they  run  madly  about. 

To  BIZZ,  r.  n.     To  hiss.     V.  Bysse. 

To  BIZZ,  Bizz  about,  r.  n.  To  be  in  con- 
stant motion;  to  bustle,  S.  Su.G.  bes-a, 
a  term  applied  to  beasts  which,  when  be- 
set with  wasps,  drive  hither  and  thither  ; 
Teut.  bies-en,  bys-en,  furente  ac  violento 
impetu  agitari,  Kilian. 

BIZZEL,  s.  A  hoop  or  ring  round  the  end 
of  any  tube,  Roxb.  This  is  merely  a  pe- 
culiar use  of  E.  bezel,  bezil,  that  part  of  a 
ring  in  which  the  stone  is  fixed. 

BIZZY,  adj.  Busy,  S.— A.S.  bysig  ;  Belg. 
besig,  id.  ;  or  Su.G.  besa,  which  denotes 
the  violent  motion  of  an  animal  harassed 
by  the  gadfly.     V.  Besy. 

BLA,  Blae,  adj.  1.  Livid  ;  a  term  fre- 
quently used  to  denote  the  appearance  of 
the  skin  when  discoloured  by  a  severe 
stroke  or  contusion,  S.  Douglas.  2. 
Bleak,  lurid,  applied  to  the  appearance 
of  the  atmosphere.  A  blae  day,  a  day 
when  the  sky  looks  hard  and  lurid,  espe- 
cially when  accompanied  with  a  thin, 
cold  wind  that  produces  shivering. — 
Su.G.  blaa,  Isl.  bla-r,  Germ,  blaw,  Belg. 
blauw,  Franc,  p/auu,  lividus,  glaucus. 

To BLAAD,  r.a.  To  sully;  to  dirty;  to 
spoil  ;  as,  "  the  blaadin  o'  the  sheets," 
Aberd.  Perhaps  the  same  with  Blad,  r. 
sense  2. 

BLAAD,  s.  A  stroke,  Galloway.  V.Blaud. 

BLAB,  s.  A  small  globe  or  bubble,  Lanarks. 
V.  Blob. 

To  BLABBER,  Blaber,  Bleber,  v.  n. 
To  babble,  to  speak  indistinctly.  II. 
Bruce.  —  Teut.  blabber-en,  confuse  et 
inepte  garrire,  Jun.  vo.  Blab.     Hence, 

BLABERING,  s.  Babbling.     Douglas. 

BLABER,  s.  A  kind  of  cloth  imported 
from  France.  Keith's  Hist.  Perhaps 
from  Fr.  blafard,  blaffard,  pale,  bleak  in 

BLACK.  To  put  a  thing  in  black  and  white. 
To  write  it. 

BLACK,  s.  A  vulgar  term  for  a  scoundrel ; 
a  black-guard,  S.    Cidloden  Pap. 

BLACK-AIRN,  s.  Malleable  iron  ;  in  con- 
tradistinction to  that  which  is  tinned, 
called  White-aim,  S. 

BLACKAVICED,  adj.  Dark  of  the  com- 
plexion, S.  from  black  and  Fr.  vis,  the 
visage.     Ramsay. 

BLACKBELICKIT.      Used   as  a   s.   and 

equivalent  to  E.  nothing;  as,  "What 
did  ye  see  ?"  Blackbelickit,  i.  e.,  "  I  saw 
nothing  at  all,"  Lanarks.  In  other  parts 
of  S.  De'il  is  substituted  for  Black,  the 
meaning  being  the  same. 

BLACK  BITCH,  s.  A  bag  clandestinely 
attached  to  a  hole  in  the  mill-spout,  that 
part  of  the  meal  may  be  abstracted  as  it 
runs  down  into  the  trough,  South  of  S. 

BLACK-BO  YDS,  The  name  given 
to  the  fruit  of  the  bramble,  West  of  S. 

BLACK-BOOK,  s.  A  name  given  to  the 
histories  written  by  the  monks  in  their 
different  monasteries.  Perhaps  so  deno- 
minated because  they  were  written  with 
black  ink,  in  contradistinction  to  the 
Rubrics,  which  were  written  with  red 

BLACK-BURNING,  adj.  Used  in  re- 
ference to  shame,  when  it  is  so  great  as 
to  produce  deep  blushing,  or  to  crimson 
the  countenance,  S.  Ramsay. — Su.G. 
Isl.  blygd,  shame,  blushing  ;  blygd-a,  to 
blush  ;  q.  the  burning  of  blushes. 

BLACK-COCK,  s.  The  Heath-cock,  black 
Game,  S.  Tetrao  tetrix,  Linn.  V.  Penn. 
Zool.  p.  266.  Tetrao  seu  Urogallusmi- 
nor. — Gallus  palustris  Scoticus,  Gesn. 
Nostratibus,  the  Black  cock.  Sibb.  Scot. 
p.  16.     V.  Capercailye. 

BLACK-COCK.  To  make  a  Black-cock  of 
one ;  to  shoot  one,  S. ;  as  in  E.  to  bring 
down  one's  bird.     Wacerley. 

BLACK  COW.     V.  Black  Ox. 

BLACK  CRAP,  s.  LA  crop  of  peas  or 
beans,  S.  2.  A  name  given  to  those  crops 
which  are  always  green,  such  as  turnips, 
potatoes,  &c,  Mid-Loth. 

BLACK  DOG.  "  Like  butter  in  the  black 
dog's  hause,"  a  prov.  used  to  denote  that 
a  thing  is  irrecoverably  gone.  Antiquary. 

BLACK-FASTING,  adj.  Applied  to  one 
who  has  been  long  without  any  kind  of 
food.     St.  Ronan. 

BLACK  FISH,  fish  when  they  have  re- 
cently spawned.     V.  Reid  Fische. 

BLACK-FISHER,  s.  One  who  fishes  ille- 
gally at  night.    V.  Black-Fishing. 

BLACK-FISHING,  s.  Fishing  for  sal- 
mon, under  night,  by  means  of  torches, 
S.  So  termed,  perhaps,  because  the  fish 
are  Black,  or  foul,  when  they  come  up  the 
streams  to  deposit  their  spawn  in  the 
gravelly  shallows,  and  are  there  speared 
by  the  Black-fisher.  Stat.  Account.  V. 

BLACK-FOOT,  s.  A  sort  of  match-maker  ; 
one  who  goes  between  a  lover  and  his 
mistress,  endeavouring  to  bring  the  fair 
one  to  compliance,  S.  pronounced  black- 
fit  ;   synon.  ltfttsh,  q.  v.  Saxon  and  Gael. 

BLACK  FROST.  Frost  without  rime  or 
snow  lying  on  the  ground,  as  opposed  to 
white  frost,  equivalent  to  E.  hoarfrost. 

BLACK-HEAD,  s.  The  Powit-gull,Shetl. 



BLACK-HUDIE,  s.  The  coal-head,  a  bird, 
Roxb.     Black-bannet,  syn.  Clydes. 

BLACKYMORE,  s.  A  negro ;  the  vulgar 
pron.  of  O.E.  blackamore. 

BLACKLEG,  s.  A  disease  in  cattle  ;  the 
same  as  Black  S2xtul,q.  v.     Ettr.  For. 

BLACK-LEG,  s.  A  matchmaker.  Syn. 
Black-foot.     Ett.  For. 

BLACKLIE,  adj.  Ill-coloured  ;  having  a 
dirty  appearance ;  applied  to  clothes  that 
are  ill-washed,  or  that  have  been  soiled 
in  the  drying,  Ang. — From  A.S.blac,  blaec, 
and  lip,  similis,  q.  having  the  likeness  of 
what  is  black. 

BLACK-MAIL.    V.  Mail. 

BLACK  MILL.  A  corn-mill  of  the  an- 
cient construction,  with  one  wheel  only, 
which  lies  horizontally  under  the  mill- 
stone, Argyles. 

BLAC  MONE,  Black  Money.  The  desig- 
nation given  to  the  early  copper  currency 
of  S.  in  the  reign  of  James  III.  Acts  Ja. 

BLACK-NEB,  s.  One  viewed  as  disaffected 
to  government,  S.    Antiquary. 

BLACK-NEBBED,  Black-Nebbit,  adj.  1. 
Having  a  black  bill.  2.  Applied  to  those 
who  are  viewed  as  inimical  to  the  exist- 
ing government. 

BLACK  OX.  The  black  ox  is  said  to  tramp 
on  one  who  has  lost  a  near  relation  by 
death,  or  met  with  some  severe  calamity. 

BLACK  PUDDING.  A  pudding  made  of 
blood,  suet,  onions,  pepper,  and  a  little 
oatmeal,  enclosed  in  one  of  the  intestines 
of  a  cow,  or  ox,  killed  as  a  Hart. 

BLACK-QUARTER,  s.  A  disease  of  cattle. 
V.  Black  Spaul. 

BLACK  SAXPENCE,  s.  The  Devil's  six- 
pence ;  supposed  to  be  received  as  a 
pledge  of  engagement  to  be  his,  soul  and 
body.  Though  of  a  black  colour,  and  not 
of  legal  currency,  the  person  who  keeps 
it  constantly  in  his  pocket,  however  much 
he  may  spend,  will  always  find  a  good 
sixpence  beside  it,  Roxb. 

BLACK-SOLE,  s.  A  confident  in  courtship, 
Lanarks.     Syn.  with  Black-foot. 

BLACK  SPAUL.  A  disease  of  cattle,  S. 
"  The  Black  Spaul  is  a  species  of  pleurisy, 
incident  to  young  cattle,  especially  calves, 
which  gives  a  black  hue  to  the  flesh  of  the 
side  affected.  It  is  indicated  by  lame- 
ness in  the  fore  foot,  and  the  common  re- 
medy is  immediate  bleeding."  Prize  Es- 
says, Hii/hl.  Soc.  S.  ii.  207. 

BLACK-STANE,  Blackstone,  s.  1.  The 
designation  given  to  a  dark-coloured 
stone,  used  in  some  of  the  Scottish  uni- 
versities, as  the  seat  on  which  a  student 
sits  at  a  public  examination,  meant  to 
test  the  progress  he  has  made  in  his 
studies.  This  examination  is  called  his 
Profession.  "  In  King's  College,  Aber- 
deen,  and  in   Glasgow,  the    custom  of 


causing  the  students  to  sit  on  the  grave- 
stone of  the  founder  at  certain  examina- 
tions is  still  literally  retained.  Bower's 
Hist.  Univ.  2.  The  term  has  been  used 
metaph.  to  denote  the  examination  itself. 
Melvill's  Diary. 

BLACK  SUGAR,  s.     Spanish  Licorice,  S. 

BLACK  TANG,s.  Fucus  vesicolosus,  Linn. 

BLACK  VICTUAL,  s.  Pulse  ;  peas  and 
beans,  either  by  themselves,  or  mixed  as 
a  crop,  S. 

BLACK  WARD,  g.  A  state  of  servitude 
to  a  servant.  S.     APKenzie's  Inst. 

BLACK-WATCH,  s.  The  designation 
given,  from  the  dark  colour  of  their  tar- 
tan, to  the  companies  of  loyal  Highland- 
ers, raised  after  the  rebellion  in  1715,  for 
preserving  peace  in  the  Highland  dis- 
tricts. They  formed  the  nucleus  of  what 
was  afterwards  embodied  as  the  brave 
42d  Regiment.     Warerley. 

BLACK  WEATHER,  5.  Rainy  weather, 

BLACK  WINTER,  s.  The  last  cart-load 
of  grain  brought  home  from  the  harvest- 
field,  Dumfr. 

To  BLAD,  r.  n.  To  walk  in  a  clumsy  man- 
ner, taking  long  steps,  and  treading  heav- 
ily, Dumfr.  Lamp,  Loth.  Clydes. — Teut. 
be-laed-en,  degravare,  onerare. — Or,  per- 
haps, to  pass  over  great  blads  of  the  road 
in  a  short  time. 

BLAD,  p.  LA  long  and  heavy  step  in  walk- 
ing, Dumfr.;  syn.  Lamp,  Clydes.  2.  A 
person  walking  with  long  and  heavy  steps, 
Dumfr.;  syn.  a  Lamper,  Clydes. 

BLAD,  Blaud,  s.  A  large  piece  of  any- 
thing, a  considerable  portion,  S.  expl. 
"a  flat  piece  of  anything,"  Gl.  Burns. 
Pohcart.  "  A  blacl  of  bread,"  is  a  large 
flat  piece.  "  I  gat  a  great  Mad  of  Virgil 
by  heart  ;"  I  committed  to  memory  a 
great  many  verses  from  Virgil. 

To  Ding  in  Blads.  To  drive  or  break  in 
pieces.  MelriWs  MS. — This  word,  as 
perhaps  originally  applied  to  food,  may 
be  from  A.S.  blacd,  fruit  of  any  kind  ; 
blaed,  bled,  also  denoted  pot-herbs  ;  lr. 
bladh,  a  part  ;  bladh-am,  I  break. 

Blads  and  Dawds,  is  still  the  designation 
given  to  large  leaves  of  greens  boiled 
whole,  in  a  sort  of  broth,  Aberd.  Loth. 

BLAD,  s.  A  person  who  is  of  a  soft  con- 
stitution ;  whose  strength  is  not  in  pro- 
portion to  his  size  or  looks  ;  often  ap- 
plied to  a  young  person,  who  has  become 
suddenly  tall,  but  is  of  a  relaxed  habit, 
S.B. — Allied,  perhaps,  to  A.S.  blaed,  as 
denoting,  either  the  boughs  or  leaves  of 
trees,  or  growing  corn  ;  as  both  often 
shoot  out  so  rapidly  as  to  give  the  idea  of 
weakness  ;  or,  to  Germ,  Mode,  the  origi- 
nal sense  of  which  is,  weak,  feeble. 

BLAD,  s.  A  portfolio,  S.B.  Picken.— As 
the  E.  word  is  comp.  of  Fr.  porter,  to 
carry,  and  feuille,  a  leaf ;  the  S.  term  has 




a  similar  origin,  being  evidently  from 
Su.G.  Mad,  A.S.  blaed,  folium. 

To  BLAD.  1.  Used  impers.  "  Its  Mad- 
din  on  o'  iceet,"  the  rain  is  driving  on  ;  a 
phrase  that  denotes  intermitting  showers 
accompanied  with  squalls,  S.  2.  To  slap, 
to  strike  ;  to  drive  by  striking,  or  with 
violence,  S.  Dad.  synon.  Evergreen.  3. 
To  abuse,  to  maltreat  in  whatever  way, 
Aberd.  Corn  is  said  to  be  Maddit,  when 
overthrown  by  wind.  4.  To  use  abusive 
language,  Aberd.  S.  A.  5.  To  spoil  ;  to 
fatigue  with  wet  and  mire  ;  67.  Sure. 
Nairn, — Germ.  Modern  is  used  in  the 
first  sense.  Es  Modert,  it  storms  and 
snows ;  also,  Mat-en,  to  blow.  Isl.  blaegt-a 
indeed  signifies,  to  be  moved  by  the  wind, 
motari  aura  ;  O.Fr.  plaud-er,  to  bang,  to 

BLAD,  Blaad,  Blaud,  s.  A  severe  blow 
or  stroke,  S.    Jacobite  Relics. 

BLAD,  s.  A  squall  ;  always  including  the 
idea  of  rain,  S.  A  heavy  fall  of  rain  is 
called  "  a  Mad  of  weet,"  S.B. 

BLADDY,  adj.  Inconstant,  unsettled  ;  ap- 
plied to  the  weather.  "  A  Maddy  day," 
is  one  alternately  fair  and  foul. 

BLAD,  g.  A  dirty  spot  on  the  cheek,  S. 
Perhaps  q.  the  effect  of  a  blow.  Gael. 
Mad,  however,  is  synon. 

BLADARIE,  s.  Perhaps  vain  glory.  It. 
Bruce.— Tent.  Maeterije,  jactantia,  vanilo- 

BLADDERAND,  Bladdrand.  V.  Ble- 

BLADDERSKATE,  s.  Expl.  "  an  indis- 
tinct or  indiscreet  talker,"  South  of  S. 
Song,Maggy Lauder. — Perhaps  from  Su.G. 
Madeira,  to  babble,  and  skata,  a  Magpie. 

To  BLADE,  r.  a.  To  nip  the  blades  off 
colewort,  S.     Edin.  Mag. 

BLADE,  s.  The  leaf  of  a  tree,  S.— A.S. 
blaed,  bled  ;  Su.G.  Isl.  Belg.  Mad,  Germ. 
Mat,  Alem.  plat,  id. ;  perhaps  the  part  pa. 
of  A.S.  blew-an,  Mowan,  florere,  to  bud,  to 
burgeon ;  Maeu-ed,  q.  what  is  Mowed,  or 
shot  forth  ;  just  as  Eranc.  bluett,  flos,  is 
from  b/u-en,  florere. 

BLAD  HAET.  Nothing  ;  not  a  whit.—- 
"  Blad  haet  did  she  say,"  she  said  no- 
thing. Somewhat  equivalent  to  Eient 
haet,  i.  e.  fient  a  whit :  so  Blad  haet,  bang 
the  haet,  confound  the  bit  !  V.  Hait, 
Hate  and  Blad,  v. 

BLADIE,  Blaudie,  adj.  Applied  to  plants 
having  a  number  of  large  broad  leaves 
growing  out  from  the  main  stem,  and  not 
on  branches  ;  as,  "  blaudie  kail,"  blaudie 
beans,  &c,  S.     V.  Blad,  Blaud,  s. 

BLADOCH,  Bledoch,  Bladda,  s.  Butter- 
milk, S.B.  Bannatyne  Poems. —  Ir.  bladh- 
aeh,  Gael,  blath-a'ch,  id.  C.B.  Milh,  milk 
in  general. 

BLADRY,  S.  Expl.  «  trumpery."  Kelly. 
—It  may  be  either  the  same  with  Blad- 
arie,  or  Blaidry,  q.  v. 

BLADIIUCK, .--.  A  talkative,  silly  fellow, 
Dumfr.     V.  Blether,  r. 

BLAE,otf/.  Livid.     Y.  Bla. 

To  Look  'Blae.  To  look  blank ;  having 
the  appearance  of  disappointment.  Hence 
a  Mae-face,  S.     M.  Bruce. 

BLAENESS,  s.  Lividness.  Upp.  Clydes. 
V.  Bla. 

To  BLAE,  v.  n.  1.  To  bleat  as  lambs  do  ; 
louder  than  to  Mae,  Roxb.  2.  Used  in 
the  language  of  reprehension,  in  regard 
to  children  ;  generally,  to  blae  and  greet. 
— Fr.  beler,  signifies  to  bleat,  and  C.B. 
blau-,  a  cry. 

BLAE,  s.    A  loud  bleat,  Roxb. 

BLAE,  s.  A  kind  of  blue-coloured  clay, 
or  soft  slate,  found  as  a  substratum,  S.O. 

BLAE,  Blay,  s.  The  rough  parts  of  wood 
left  in  consequence  of  boring  or  sawing, 
S.B.  Germ.  Meh,  thin  leaves  or  plates  ; 
lamina,  bracteola,  Wachter.  Norw. 
Moee,  what  is  hacked  small  in  woods. 
Ha  I  lager. 

BLAES,  s.  pi.  Apparently,  lamina  of  stone, 
S.     Laic  Case. 

BLAE-BERRY,  *.  The  Billberry  ;  Yac- 
cinium  myrtillus,  Linn.  Ramsay. — Sw. 
bla-baer,  vaccinium,  Seren.  Isl.  blether, 
myrtilli ;  G.  Andr. 

BLAFFEN,  s.  The  loose  flakes  or  lamina 
of  a  stone.  Fluthers  syn.  Fife. — Teut. 
Maf,  planus.     Y.  Blae  and  Blaes. 

To  BLAFLUM,  v.  a.  To  beguile,  S. 
Ramsay.     Y.  Bleflum. 

BL  AIDIT,  part.  pa.  Apparently  the  same 
with  Blad,  v.,  to  slap,  to  abuse,  &c.  Pit- 

BLAIDRY,  Bladdrie,  s.  1.  Nonsense  ; 
foolish  talk.  Ramsay.  2.  Sometimes  it 
would  seem  equivalent  to  E.Jlummery  or 
syllabub,  as  if  it  denoted  unsubstantial 
food.  M.  Brucc's  Led.  3.  The  phlegm 
that  is  forced  up  in  coughing,  especially 
when  in  a  great  quantity.  The  Crieff 
beadle  viewed  this  as  the  primary  sense, 
when  he  said  to  an  old  minister,  after 
preaching,  "  Ye'll  be  better  now,  Sir,  ye 
hae  gotten  a  hantle  blethrie  aff  your  sta- 
mock  the  day."  4.  Empty  parade ;  or 
perhaps  vain  commendation,  unmerited 
applause.      V.  Bladry,  and  Blether,  v. 

BL  AIDS,  s.  pi.  A  disease.  Watson's  Coll. 
— A.S.  blaedr,  Su.G.  Maedot,  and  Germ. 
bletter,  denote  a  pimple,  or  swelling  with 
many  reddish  pimples  that  eat  and  spread. 
A.S.  Meacth,  leprosy. 

BLAIN,  s.  A  mark  left  by  a  wound,  the 
discolouring  of  the  skin  after  a  sore,  S. 
Rutherford. — A.S.  blegene,  Belg.  bleyne, 
pustula.  But  our  term  is  more  closely 
allied  to  Isl.  blina,  which  is  not  only  ren- 
dered pustula,  but  also,  caesio  ex  rerbere  ; 
G.  Andr.    Germ.  Mae-en,  to  swell. 

BLAIN,  s.  1.  A  blank,  a  vacancy.  A  Main 
in  a  field,  a  place  where  the  grain  has  not 
sprung,  Loth.      2.  In  pi.  Mains,  empty 

BLA  65 

grain,  Banff's. — Probably  a  metaph.  use 
of  the  preceding  word  ;  or  from  A.S. 
blinnc,  cessatio,  intermissio. 

BLAINY,  adj.  Applied  to  a  field  with  fre- 
quent blanks  in  the  crop,  from  the  grain 
not  having  sprung  up,  Loth. 

To  BLAINCH,  v.a.  To  cleanse.— From 
E.  blanch,  Fr.  blanch-ir,  to  whiten. 

To  BLAIR,  Blare,  r.n.  1.  To  make  a  noise; 
to  cry  loud,  Ang.  Roxb.  2.  To  bleat  as 
a  sheep  or  goat,  S.A.  T.  Scott.  V.  Blair- 


BLAIR,  Blare,  s.  1.  A  loud  sound;  a  cry, 
S.A.  Jacobite  Relics.  2.  The  bleat  of 
a  sheep,  Roxb. — Teut.  blaer-en,  boare, 
mugire,  Gael,  blaer-am,  to  cry,  bluer,  a 

BLAIRAND,  part.  pr.  Roaring;  crying. 
—Teut.  blaer-en,  mugire.     Gl.  Sibb. 

BLAIR,  s.  That  part  of  flax  which  is  af- 
terwards used  in  manufacture,  properly 
after  it  has  been  steeped,  and  laid  out  for 
being  dried  ;  for  after  being  dried,  it  is 
called  lint,  S.  This  in  E.  is  denominated 
harle. — Sw.W«e/-,hardsof  flax ;  but  rather 
from  Isl.  bluer,  aura,  because  it  is  thus 
exposed  to  the  drought. 

To  BLAIR,  v.  v.  To  become  dry  by  expo- 
sure to  the  drought,  Ang. 

BLAIRIN,  a.  The  ground  appropriated  for 
drying  flax,  Ang.  This  term  also  denotes 
the  ground  on  which  peats  are  laid  out  to 
be  dried,  Ang. 

BLAIS'D,  part.  pa.  Soured,  Ang.  Fife.  V. 

BLAISE,  Bleeze,  s.  The  Blaise  of  wood; 
those  particles  which  the  wimble  scoops 
out  in  boring,  Clydes.     V.  Blae,  Blay. 

To  BLAISTER,  v.  a.  To  blow  with  vio- 
lence. A.S.  blaestan,  insufflare.  E.  blus- 
ter seems  to  be  originally  the  same  word. 

BLAIT,  adj.   Naked  ;  bare.    Pr.  of  Peblis. 

BLAIT,  Blate,  Bleat,  adj.  1.  Bashful  ; 
sheepish,  S.  V.  Blout,  adj.  2.  Modest ; 
unassuming ;  not  forward ;  diffident.  Old 
Mortality.  3.  Curt ;  rough  ;  uncivil,  Ang. 
Aberd.  Spalding.  4.  Stupid  ;  easily  de- 
ceived. Gl.  Sure.  Nairn  and  Moray. 
5.  Blunt ;  unfeeling ;  a  secondary  sense. 
Douglas.  C.  Dull  ;  in  relation  to  a  mar- 
ket ;  as,  "  a  blate  fair."  Ross.  7.  Metaph. 
used  as  expressive  of  the  appearance  of 
grass  or  corn,  especially  in  the  blade. 
We  say,  "  That  grass  is  looking  unco 
bfute,"  when  the  season  is  backward,  and 
there  is  no  discernible  growth,  S.  "  A 
blait  braird,"  Clydes.— O.E.  blade,  silly, 
frivolous  ;  or  in  the  same  sense  in  which 
we  now  speak  of  a  blunt  reason  or  excuse. 
Isl.  blaad-itr,  bluuth-ur,  bland,  soft.  The 
word  seems  to  be  primarily  applied  to 
things  which  are  softened  by  moisture. 
Mollis,  limosus,  maceratus.  Hence  used 
to  signify  what  is  feminine  ;  as  opposed 
to  huatar,  masculine.  It  also  signifies, 
timid.      Bleyde,   softness,  fear,   shame  ; 


hugbleith,  softness  of  mind  ;  Germ.  Su.G. 
blode,  Belg.  blood,  mollis,  timidus. 
BLAITLIE,  adr.     Bashfully,  S. 
BLAIT-MOUIT,  adj.     Bashful;  sheepish; 

q.  ashamed  to  open  one's  mouth. 
BLAITIE-BUM,  5.      Simpleton  ;    stupid 
fellow.  Lyndsay. — If  this  be  the  genuine 
orthography,  perhaps   from  Teut.   blait, 
vaniloquus  ;  or  rather,  blait,  sheepish,  and 
bomme,  tympanum.     But  it  is  generally 
written  Batie-bum,  q.  v. 
BLAIZE,  s.      A  blow,  Aberd.      Christmas 
Bn'ing. — Su.G.   blaasa;    Teut.  blaese,  a 
wheal,  a  pustule ;  the  effect  being  put  for 
the  cause.     S.B.  bleach,  syn. 
BLAK  of  the  EIE,  the  apple  of  the  eye,  S. 

R.  Bruce. 
BLAKWAK,  g.    The  bittern.    V.  Bewter. 
BLAMAKING,  s.     The  act  of  discolouring 
or  making  livid  by  a  stroke.  Aberd.  Reg. 
BLAN,  pre't.  Caused  to  cease.    Garcan  and 
Got.     It  is  undoubtedly  the  pret.  of  b/in. 
— A.S.  Man,  Mann,  cessavit. 
BLANCH,  s.    A  flash,  or  sudden  blaze  ;  as, 
a  blanch  o'  lightning,  Fife.     This  seems 
radically  the  same  with  Blenk,  Blixk. 
BLANCHART,  adj.    White.    Gawan  and 
Gol. — Fr.  blunc,  blanche,  id.     The  name 
blanchards  is  given  to  a  kind  of  linen 
cloth,  the  yarn  of  which  has  been  twice 
bleached  before  it  was  put  into  the  loom. 
Perhaps  immediately  from  Teut.  blanche, 
id.  and  nerd,  Belg.  uurdt,  nature.  V.  Art. 
BLANCHE,  5.     A  certain  mode  of  tenure. 
"Blanch  holding  is  generally  defined  to 
be,  that  in  which  the  vassal  pays  a  small 
duty  to  the  superior,  in  full  of  all  services, 
as  an  acknowledgment  of  his  right,  either 
in  money,  or  in  some  other  subject,  as  a 
penny  money,  a  pair  of  gilt  spurs,"  &c. 
Ersk.  Inst.     The  term  may  have  origi- 
nated from  the  substitution  of  payment 
in  white,  or  silver  money,  instead  of  a  duty 
in  the  produce  of  the  land.     Hence  the 
phrase  Fre  Blanche. 
BLANCIS,  s.  pi.  Ornaments  worn  by  those 
who  represented  Moors  in  the  Pageant 
exhibited  at  Edinburgh,  A.  1590.      Wat- 
son's Coll. — If  not   allied   to   Fr.  blanc, 
white,  it  may  be  a  cognate  of  Germ.  Su.G. 
blaess,  Isl.  bles,  signum  album  in  fronte 
equi  ;  whence  E.  blason,  S.  Baicsand,  q.  v. 
BLAND,  s.  Some  honourable  piece  of  dress 
worn  by  knights  and  men  of  rank.  Mait- 
land  Poems. — Blunda,  according  to  Bul- 
let, is  a  robe  adorned  with  purple,  a  robe 
worn  by  grandees.     Su.G.  blyant,  bliant, 
a  kind  of  precious  garment  among  the 
ancients,  which  seems  to  have  been  of  silk. 
To  BLAND,  r.  a.  To  mix  ;  to  blend.  Dou- 
glas.— Su.G.  Isl.  bland-a,  to  mix. 
BLAND,  s.     An   engagement.     Rauf  Coil- 
year.     Probably  an  errat.  for  band. 
BLAND,  s.     A  very  agreeable  acid  bever- 
age used  in  the  Shetland  Islands,  made 
of  buttermilk.     Brand. — Isl.  blanda,  cin- 

BLA  6 

nus,  mixtura,  pro    potu,  aqua   mixto  ; 
Su.G.  bland,  dicebatur  mel  aqua  permix- 
BLANDED  BEAR.     Barley  and  common 
bear  mixed,  S.  Statist.  Ace. — From  Su.G. 
bland-a   is   formed   blansacd,  meslin   or 
mixed  corn. 
To  BLANDER,  v.  a.     1.  To  diffuse  or  dis- 
perse in  a  scanty  and  scattered  way ;  often 
applied  to  seed-corn.     This  is  said  to  be 
blander'd,  when  very  thinly  sown,  Fife. 
2.  To  babble  ;  to  diffuse  any  report,  such 
especially  as  tends  to  injure  the  character 
of  another,  S.     3.  Sometimes  used  to  de- 
note the  want  of  regard  to  truth  in  narra- 
tion ;  a  thing  very  common  with  tattlers, 
S.B.— Perhaps  from  Isl.  bland-a;  Dan. 
bland-er,  to  mingle,  as  denoting  the  blend- 
ing of  truth  with  falsehood. 
BLANDISH,  ?.     The  grain  left  uncut  by 
careless  reapers,  generally  in  the  furrows 
during  a  hemp,  Roxb.     Perhaps  q.  "  an 
interval." — Su.G.  bland,  ibland,  inter,  be- 
tween, from  bland-a,  miscere. 
BLANDISH,  s.  Flattery,  Roxb.  A.  Scott's 
Poems. — O.Fr.  blandice,  blandys,  caresse, 
flatterie  ;  Roquefort. 
BLANDIT,  part.  pa.     Flattered  ;  soothed. 
Dunbar. — Fr.    blandi,    id.    blander,    to 
soothe  ;  Lat.  blandiri. 
BLANDRIN,  s.  A  scanty  diffusion.  "  That 
ground  has  gotten  a  mere  blandrin,"  it 
has  been  starved  in  sowing,  Fife. 
BL  ANE,  s.     A  mark  left  by  a  wound  ;  also 

a  blank.     V.  Blain. 
BLANKET,?.  Meaning  doubtful ;  perhaps, 
colours.     Spalding.     V.  Blue  Blanket. 
BLARDIT,  part.  adj.    Short-winded  ;  bro- 
ken-winded,   Ettr.    For. — A.S.    blawere, 
conflator  ;  or  from   blaic-an,  flare,  and 
art,  natura,  an  animal  of  a  blowing  nature. 
To  BLARE,  r.  n.      To  cry ;  also  to  bleat. 

V.  Blair. 
BLARNEY,  s.     A  cant  term,  applied  both 
to  marvellous  narration  and  to  flattery. — 
Fr.  baliterne,  "  a  lie,  fib,  gull ;  also,  a 
babbling,  or  idle  discourse.''     Cotgr. 
To  BLART,  r.  n.     To  blart  doim ;  to  fall 

flat  in  the  mud,  Dumfr. 
To  BLASH,  v.  a.  To  soak  ;  to  drench. 
"  To  blash  one's  stomach,"  to  drink  too 
copiously  of  any  weak  and  diluting  liquor, 
S.  Picken's  Poems.— Perhaps  radically 
the  same  with  plash,  from  Germ,  platz-en. 
V.  Plash. 
BLASH,  s. '  1.  A  heavy  fall  of  rain ;  "  a 
blash  o'  weet,"  S.  2.  Too  great  a  quantity 
of  water,  or  of  any  weak  liquid,  poured 
into  any  dish  or  potion  ;  as,  "  She  cuist  a 
great  blash  of  water  into  the  pot,"  S. 
BLASHY,  adj.  1.  Deluging  ;  sweeping 
away  by  inundation,  S.  Ramsay.  2.  Ap- 
plied to  meat  or  drink  that  is  thin,  weak, 
flatulent,  or  viewed  as  debilitating  to  the 
stomach,  S.  Blashy,  "  thin,  poor ;  North- 

t  BLA 

BL  ASN  IT,  adj.  Perhaps,  bare,  bald,  with- 
out hair.  Bannatync  Poems. — Germ. 
bloss,  bare,  bloss-en,  to  make  bare  ;  or 
rather,  Teut.  bles,  calvus,  whence  blesse 
frons  capillo  nuda. 

To  BLASON,  v.  a.  To  proclaim  publicly 
by  means  of  a  herald.     Bellenden. 

BL  ASO  WNE,  s.  1 .  Dress  over  the  armour, 
on  which  the  armorial  bearings  were  bla- 
zoned. Wyntown.  2.  The  badge  of  of- 
fice worn  by  a  king's  messenger  on  his 
arm,  S.  Brskine. — Germ,  blaesse,  denotes 
a  sign  in  general.  Thence  blazon,  a  term 
marking  that  sign,  in  heraldry,  which  is 
peculiar  to  each  family.  The  origin 
seems  to  be  Su.G.  blaesse.  V.  Baw- 

To  BLAST,  v.n.  1.  To  pant ;  to  breathe 
hard,  S.B.  Boss.  2.  To  smoke  tobacco, 
S.B.;  r.  a.  To  blast  tobacco,  to  smoke  to- 
bacco, S.  3.  To  blow  with  a  wind  instru- 
ment. Gaican  and  Gol.  4.  To  boast  ; 
to  speak  in  an  ostentatious  manner,  S. 
Saxon  and  Gael.  5.  To  talk  swelling 
words,  or  use  strong  language  on  any 
subject  ;  to  blast  awa,  S. — Su.G.  blaas-a, 
inspirare  ;  Germ,  blas-en,  flare  ;  Isl.  blast- 
vr,  halitus,  flatus.     Hence, 

BLAST,  s.  1.  A  brag  ;  a  vain  boast,  S. 
Z.  Boyd.  2.  A  blast  of  one's  pipe,  the 
act  of  smoking  from  one's  pipe. 

To  BLAST,  r.  a.  To  blow  up  with  gun- 
powder.    Statist.  Ace. 

BLASTER.  One  who  is  employed  to  blow 
up  stones  with  gunpowder,  S.     Pennant. 

BLASTIN',  s.  A  blowing  up  with  gun- 
powder, S. 

BLASTER,  s.  A  boaster  ;  also,  one  who 
speaks  extravagantly  in  narration,  S. 

BLASTIE, s.  A  shrivelled  dwarf  ;  a  term 
of  contempt  for  an  ill-tempered  child,  S. 
q.  what  is  blasted.     Burns. 

BLASTIE,  Blasty,  adj.  Gusty.  The  Pro- 

BLASTING,  s.  The  disease  of  cows  called 
Cow-quake,  q.  v.  Roxb. 

BLATANT,  adj.  Bellowing  like  a  calf,  S. 
— From  A.S.  blaet-an,  balare  ;  blaetende, 

BLATE,  adj.    Bashful.     Y.  Blait. 

BLATENESS,*.  Sheepishness,  S.  The 

BLATELY,  adj.  Applied  to  rain  that  is 
soft  and  gentle,  not  violent  or  Mashing, 
Roxb. — Allied,  perhaps,  to  Su.G.  bloet-a, 
to  steep,  to  soak,  bloet,  moist. 

To  BLATHER,  r.  n.  To  talk  nonsensically. 

BLATHER,  g.     V.  Blether. 

BLATHR1E,  adj.  Nonsensical  ;  foolish. 
M.  Bruce's  Lect.     V.  under  Blether,  r. 

BLATTER,  s.  1.  A  rattling  noise,  S.  Bam- 
say.  2.  Language  uttered  with  violence 
and  rapidity,  S.  Antiquary. — Lat.  bla- 
ter-are;  Teut.  blater-en,  stulte  loqui. 

BLAUCHT,  adj.  Pale  ;  livid.  Palice  of 
Hon.— A.S.  blac,  blaec;  Su.G.  blck,  Isl. 


bleik-r,  E.  bleak,  pallidus.  A.S.  blac-ian; 

Su.G.  blek-na,  to  wax  pale. 
To  BLAUD,  v.  a.    To  maltreat,  Aberd.    V. 

Blad,  r. 
BLAVER,   Blavert,  s.     The  corn-bottle, 

Roxb.    Some  give  the  same  name  to  the 

violet.     V.  Blawort. 
BLAUGH,  adj.      Of    a  bluish   or   sickly 

colour,  Roxb.    Apparently  the  same  with 

Blaucht,  q.  v. 
BLAVING,  Blading,  *.    Blowing.     Ga- 
wan and  Gol. — A.S.  Hawaii  byman,  buc- 

rina  canere. 
BLAW,  s.     A  blow;  a  stroke.    Wallace. — 

Teut.  blaeic-en,  caedere.    Blaw  is  used  in 

this  sense,  Gl.  Westmorl. 
To  BLAW,  r.     Used  both  as  a.  and  n.     1. 

To  blow  ;  in  a  literal  sense  referring  to 

the  wind,  S.     Douglas. — A.S.  blaw-an, 

flare.      2.  To  breathe,  S.     Abp.  Hamil- 

toun.     3.  To  publish  ;  to  make  known,  S. 

Buret.     E.  blow  is  used  in  the  same  sense. 

4.  To  brag;  to  boast,  S.  Blast,  synon.  Bar- 
bour. Douglas. — Germ,  blaw,  falsus,  men- 
dax,  dolosus  ;  Teut.  Mas-en,  flare  et  nimiis 
vanisque  laudibus  rem  efferre,  ac  inani 
flatu  infarcire.  5.  To  magnify  in  narra- 
tion, especially  from  a  principle  of  osten- 
tation, S.  6.  To  flatter  ;  to  coax.  Baillie. 

5.  Prov.  "  Ye  first  burn  me,  and  then 
blaw  me."  7.  To  Blaw  in  one's  lug,  to 
cajole  or  flatter  a  person,  so  as  to  be  able 
to  guide  him  at  will,  S.  Nicol  Burne. 
'To  Blow  in  the  ear,  id.  O.E.  Su.G.  blaas-a, 
to  instil  evil  counsel  ;  Teut.  oor-blaesen, 
not  only  signifies,  in  aurem  mussare,  sive 
mussitare,  obgannire  in  aurem,  but  is  ren- 
dered, blandiri.  8.  To  huff  a  man  at 
draughts.  I  blaw,  or  blow  you,  I  take  this 
man,  S. — Su.G.  blaas-a,  to  blow,  is  used 
in  this  very  sense.  Blaasa  bort  en  brlcka 
i  damspel,Seren.  9.  To  Blawappin  locks 
or  bolts,  and  to  loose  fetters,  by  means  of 
a  magical  power  ascribed  to  the  breath,  S. 
Satan's  Invisible  World.  10.  To  blaw 
out  on  one,  to  reproach  him  ;  also,  for- 
mally to  denounce  one  as  a  rebel  by  three 
blasts  of  the  king's  horn  at  the  market- 
cross  of  the  head  borough  of  the  shire  in 
which  the  person  resides  ;  au  old  foren- 
sic phrase.     Wallace. 

BLAW,  s.  LA  blast  ;  a  gust,  S.  Rudd. 
Gawan  and  Gol.  2.  The  direction  of  the 
wind.  Anent  the  blaw,  opposite  to  the 
quarter  from  which  the  wind  blows, 
Buchan.  3.  The  sound  emitted  by  a 
wind  instrument.  Jacobite  Relics.  4.  A 
boast  ;  a  bravado  ;  a  gasconade,  S.  A. 
Scott.  5.  Ostentation,  as  manifested  by 
action.  The  Har'st  Rig.  6.  A  falsehood  ; 
a  lie  told  from  ostentation.  He  tells  greit 
blaws,  S.B.     Ramsay. 

Blafum,  .«.  A  pompous,  empty  person, 
Ayrs.;  chiefly  applied  to  males.  V.  Ble- 

BLAW,  s.      A  pull  ;  a   draught  ;  a  cant 



term,  used  among  topers,  S.  Ferguson. — 

Perhaps  from  Su.G.  blaw-an,  infiare  ;  as 

referring  to  the  act  of  drawing  iu  liquids. 

BLAW,  s.    Blossom  ;  blow,  Ayrs.   Picken. 

To  BLAW  Loicn,  v.  n.    To  make  no  noise  ; 

to  avoid  boasting,  Ettr.  For.    Perils  of 


To  BLAW  out,  r.  a.    To  publish  ;  to  make 

generally  known.     Douglas. 
To  BLAW  Tobacco.     To  smoke  tobacco ; 

used  also  simply  as  r.  ».  To  Blaw,  id. 
To  BLAW  one  up,  r.  a.    To  fill  one's  mind 
with  groundless  hopes  from  unfounded 
representations,  so  as  to  gain  credit  for 
what  is  false  ;  as,  "  I  blew  him  up  sae, 
that  he  believed  everything  I  said,"  S. 
BLAW-I'-MY-LUG,s.  1.  Flattery; wheed- 
ling, Roxb.     White-wind,  synon.     2.  A 
flatterer ;  one  who  blows  vanity  in  at  the 
ear ;  sometimes  Blaw-my-lug. 
BLAW-STICK,  s.    A  tube  for  blowing  the 

fire  instead  of  bellows,  Ettr.  For. 
BLAW-FLUM,  s.     A  mere  deception;  ap- 
plied to  anything  by  which  one  is  mocked, 
S.    Picken.     V.  Bleflum. 
BLAWING-GARSS,  s.     Blue   mountain- 
grass,  an  herb,  Melica  Coerulea  ;  Linn. 
BLAWN  COD.     A   split  cod,  half-dried, 
Ang.  ;  so  denominated,  perhaps,  because 
exposed  for  some  time  to  the  wind. 
BLAWN  DRINK,  s.      The   remainder   of 
drink  in  a  glass  of  which  one  or  more  have 
been  partaking,  and  which  has  been  fre- 
quently blown  upon  by  the  action  of  the 
breath,  S.    Syn.  Jairbles. 
BLAWORT,  s.     1.  The  Blue  bottle  ;  Cen- 
taurea  cyanus,  Linn.,  S.   Witch-bells,  also 
Witches'  Thumbles,  S.B.    JYeill.     2.  ThjJ 
Round-leaved     Bell-flower,    Lanarks.— 
From  bla,  livid,  q.  v.  and  wort,  an  herb. 
To  BLAWP,  v.  n.     To  belch  ;  to  heave  up 
water,  Ayrs.     Perhaps  q.  blaw  up,  like 
Belg.  op  blaazen,  to  blow  up. 
To  BLAZE,  r.  a.     To  vilify ;  to  calumniate, 
Renfr.      Tannahill. — Perhaps   from    the 
idea  of  blazing  abroad;  Su.G.  blaes-a,  flare. 
BLAZE,  s.      1.  The  name  given  to  allum 
ore,  S.     2.  Also  to  a  substance  which  lies 
above  coal,  Stirlings.     V.  Blaes. 
BLE,  Blie,  s.    Complexion;  colour.  Gawan 
and  Gol. — This  word  is  common  in  O.E. 
A.S.  bleoh,  blio,  color. 
To  BLEACH  down,  or  along,  v.  n.     To  fall 
flat  to  the  ground.     Bleach  is  also  used 
to  denote  a  fall  of  this  description,  Loth. 
—Perhaps  from  Isl.  blak-a,  verberare,  as 
denoting  the  effect  of  a  violent  blow. 
BLEACH,  s.      A  blow,  S.B.     Gl.   Shirr. 

Poems  Buchan  Dial. — Isl.  blak,  alapa. 
BLEACHER, .«.     One   whose  trade   is   to 

whiten  cloth,  S. 
To  BLEAD,  v.  a.     Apparently,  to  train,  or 
to  lead  on  to  the  chase.    Statist.  Ace. — 
Alem.  blait-en,  beleit-en,  comitari,  condu- 



BLEAR,  s.     Something  that  obscures  the 
sight.    Ross.    Bleaks,  pi.    The  marks  of 
weeping.    Tarras.    V.  Bleieis. 
To  BLEAR  one's  Ee.    To  blind  by  flattery. 
Blearing  your  e'e,  blinding  you  with  flat- 
tery ;  Gl.  Antiquary.  The  r.  in  O.E.was 
used  metaph.  as  signifying  to  beguile.  "  I 
bleare  one's  eye,"  1  beguile  one. 
BLEARED,  Blekr'd,  part.  pa.    Thin,  and 
of  a  bluish  colour.     Milk  that  is  skim- 
med is  denominated  bleared,  Roxb.  Hogg. 
V.  Bleirie. 
BLEATER,  s.     The  cock  snipe,  so  named 

from  its  bleating  sound,  Ettr.  For. 
To  BLEB,  v.  n. '  To  sip  ;  to  tipple.     Re 's 

aye  blebbing,  he  is  still  tippling,  S.B. 

BLEBBER,  s.     A  tippler,  S.B. 

To  BLEB,  r.  a.     To  spot ;  to  beslubber  ;  a 

term  often  applied  to  children  when  they 

cover  their  clothes  with  food  of  a  liquid 

or  soft  description.     V.  Bleib  and  Blob. 

BLEBBIT,  part. pa.    Blurred  ;  besmeared. 

V.  Blobbit. 
To  BLECK,  r.  a.  1.  To  puzzle  ;  to  reduce 
to  a  nonplus,  in  an  examination  or  dispu- 
tation, S.  2.  To  baffle  at  a  feat  of  acti- 
vity, dexterity,  or  strength,  Aberd.— 
Germ,  black-en,  placJc-en,  vexare,  exagi- 
BLECK,  s.  1.  A  challenge  to  a  feat  of  acti- 
vity, dexterity,  or  strength.  2.  A  baffle 
at  such  feat.  3.  Used  as  a  school  term  : 
"  If  A  be  below  B  in  the  class,  and  dur- 
ing B's  absence,  get  farther  up  in  the 
class  than  B,  B  is  said  to  have  a  Meek 
upon  A,  and  takes  place  of  him  when  he 
gets  next  to  him,  Aberd. — A.S.  blic-an, 
stupefacere,  perstringere,  to  amaze,"  Som- 
To  BLECK,  r.  a.  To  surpass ;  to  excel  ; 
as,  That  blecks  a',  that  exceeds  everything, 
Ettr.  For.— Perhaps  from  Su.G.  blek,  pale ; 
or  Isl.  blygd-az,  to  put  to  the  blush,  to 
suffuse  with  blushes. 
To  BLECK,  Blek,  r.  a.  1.  To  blacken, 
literally,  S.  Polwart.  2.  To  injure  one's 
character.  Bannatyne  Puems.  3.  To 
cause  moral  pollution.  Abp.  Ham'dtoun. 
— A.S.  blaec-an,  denigrare  ;  Isl.  blek,  li- 
quor tinctorius. 
BLED,  part.  pa.   Perhaps,  sprung.    Gawan 

and  Gol. 
BLEDDOCH,  s.    Butter-milk,  Roxb.     V. 


BLEED,  8.    Blood,  Mearns.  Aberd.    Boss. 

*  To  BLEED,   r.  n.     To  yield  ;  applied  to 

the  productiveness  of  grain  or  pulse,  when 

thrashed  ;  as,  "  The  aits  dinna  bleed  weel 

the  year,  but  the  beer  bleeds  weel,"  S. 

BLEEDER,  s.    Applied  as  above  to  grain  ; 

as, "  a  gude  bleeder,"  "  an  ill  bleeder,"  S.O. 

BLEER'D,  part.  adj.    Thin.    V.  Bleared. 

BLEEV1T,  Blevit*  ?.    A  blow,  Buchau.— 

Moes.G.  bligg-wan,  caedere ;  or  perhaps 

corr,  of  Su.G.  blodvite,  vibex,  vel   ictus 

sangnineolentus ;  as  originally  referring 


to   a   stroke   which   has    left   marks   of 
To  BLEEZE,  v.  n.     1.  To  become  a  little 
sour.     Milk  is  said  to  bleeze,  or  to  be 
bleezed,  when  it  is  turned,  but  not  con- 
gealed, S.  ;  blink,  synon.— From  Germ. 
blaes-cn,  to  blow  ;  or,  blitz-en,  fulgurare  ; 
heat,  especially   when   accompanied  by 
lightning,  more  generally  producing  this 
effect.     2.  The  part,  bleezed,  signifies  the 
state  of  one  on  whom  intoxicating  liquor 
begins  to  operate,  S.  It  especially  denotes 
the  change  produced  in  the  expression  of 
the  countenance  ;  as,  He  looked  bleezed- 
like.     Perhaps  bleezed  in  sense  2.  is  allied 
to  Fr.  blas-er,  gater,  alte'rer.    II  a  tant  bu 
d'eau-de-vie  [aquavitae]  qu'il  s'est  blase. 
Diet.  Trev. 
To  BLEEZE,  r.  n.     1.   To  blaze.     2.   To 
make  a  great   show,  or  an  ostentatious 
outcry,  on  any  subject,  S.     Synon.  Blast. 
Bob  Boy. 
BLEEZE,  s.     A  lively  fire  made  by  means 
of  furze,  straw,  &c,  S.     Boss.    V.  Bleis. 
To  BLEEZE,    r.   a.     To   bleeze   away,  to 
make   to   fly  off  in  flame  suddenly,  S. 
PI  tiff  a  ica  y,  synon.     Old  Mortality. 
BLEEZE,  s.     Bleeze   of  wind,   a   sudden 
blast,  applied  only  to  a  dry  wind,  Fife. 
Teut.  blaes,  flatus. 
To  BLEEZE  awa\  or  away,  r.  n.     To  gas- 
conade ;  to  brag ;  to  talk  ostentatiously, 
S.     To  Flaw  away,  synon.   S.A.     The 
Pirate.     Alem.  blas-an  ;   Su.G.  blaes-a  ; 
Teut.  hlaes-en,  flare,  spirare. 
BLEEZE-MONEY,  Bleyis-Sylver,?.  The 
gratuity  given  to  schoolmasters  by  their 
pupils  at  Candlemas;  when  he  or  she 
who  gives  most  is  proclaimed  king  or 
queen,  and  is  considered  as  under  obli- 
gation to  invite  the  whole  school,  that  is, 
all  the  subjects  for  the  time-being.    From 
S.  bleis,  bleise,  a  torch,  bonefire,  or  any- 
thing that  makes  a  blaze  ;  apparently  be- 
cause contributed  at  Candlemas,  a  season 
when  fires  and    lights  were    anciently 
BLEEZY,  Bleezie,  s.     A  small  flame  or 

blaze.    Siller  Gun. 
BLEEZE,  s.     A  smart  stroke  with  the  fist, 

Roxb. — Fr.  blesser,  to  hurt  or  wound. 
BLEEZ'D,  adj.     Ruffled,  or  made  rough  ; 

fretted.— Fr.  blesser. 
BLEFFERT,  Bliffert,  s.  LA  sudden 
and  violent  fall  of  snow,  but  not  of  long 
continuance,  Mearns.  2.  A  squall;  gene- 
rally conveying  the  idea  of  wind  and  rain ; 
a  storm,  a  hurricane,  Mearns.  Aberd.  3. 
Metaph.  transferred  to  the  attack  of  ca- 
lamity. Tarras's  Poems. — A.S.  blaetc-an, 
to  blow,  seems  the  radical  term.  Per- 
haps inverted  from  A.S.  forth-blaw-an,  to 
belch,  or  break  out.  Somner. 
BLEFLUM,  Blephum,  s.  A  sham  ;  an  il- 
lusion ;  what  has  no  reality  in  it,  S. 
Rwtherford. — I&\.flim,  irrisio,  carmen  fa- 




mosum.      Hence  flimt-a,   diftarao,  find, 
nugae   infanies,   G.   Andr.  p.  74  ;  Su.G. 
fiimm-a,  illudere.     Or,  perhaps,  from  S. 
Blaze  and  Fleume,  q.  to  blow  phlegm,  to 
raise  air-bubbles.     V.  Blaflitm,  r. 
BLEFLUMMERY, .«.  Vain  imaginations,  S. 
BLEHAXD,  Blihand,  adj.     Sir  Trist.— 
a  Blue,  from  bleak,  Sax.  caeruleus.    Ble- 
hand  brown.    A  bluish  brown,"  Gl.    The 
word  is  merely  A.S.  bla-hetren  a  little 
transformed.  The  idea  seems, "  a  brownish 
colour,  inclining  to  purple  or  violet." 
BLEIB,  s.     1.  A  pustule  ;  a  blister.     "A 
burnt  bleib"  a  blister  caused  bv  burning, 
S.    Bleb,  a  blister,  A.Bor.   Gl.  Grose.    2. 
Bleibs,  pi.     An  eruption  to  which  chil- 
dren are  subject,  in  which  the  spots  ap- 
pear larger   than  in  the  measles,  Loth. 
Border.     V.  Blob. 
BLEYIS-SYLVER.    V.  Bleeze-money. 
To  BLEIR,  r.  a.     To  asperse  ;  to  calum- 
niate.     To   bleir  one's   character,   Fife. 
Probably  a  metaph.  sense  of  the  E.  r. 
blear,  q.  to  defile  the  character,  as  when 
the  eyes  or  face   are  bleared,  or  fouled 
with  rheum,  or  by  weeping.     Isl.  blora, 
however,  signifies  invidia,  imputatio  de- 
licti.    V.  Bleiris. 
BLEIRIE,  s.     A  lie  ;  a  fabrication,  Ayrs. 
q.  something  meant  to  blear,  or  blind  the 
BLEIRIE,  adj.     A  term  applied  to  weak 
liquor,  which  has  little  or  no  strength ;  as, 
bleirie.  ale,  Fife. 
BLEIRIE,  Blearie,  s.     1.  Oatmeal  and 
buttermilk  boiled  to  a  consistence  some- 
what thicker  than  gruel,  with  a  piece  of 
butter  put  into  the  mess,  Lanarks. ;  syn. 
Lewands.    2.  Also  a  name  given  to  water- 
gruel,    Roxb.     Probably   allied    to   Isl. 
bluer,  aura,  as  originally  applied  to  liquids 
so  affected  by  the  air  as  to  lose  their  na- 
tural taste.     V.  Bleeze,  v. 
BLEIRING,  part  pa.  Bleiring  Bats.   Pol- 
wart. — This  seems  to  be  the  boits,  a  dis- 
ease in  horses.     Bleiring  may  express  the 
effect  of  pain  in  making  the  patient  to  cry 
out. — Teut.  blaer-en,  boare,  mugire. 
BLEIRIS,  8.  pi.     Something  that  prevents 
distinctness  of  vision.    Philotus. —  This  is 
the  same  with  blear,  s.  only  used  in  the 
pi.     Hire  mentions  E.  blear-eyed,  as  al- 
lied to  Su.G.  blir-a,  plir-a,  oculis  semi- 
clausis  videre. 
BLEIS,  Bles,  Bless,  Bleise,  s.     1 .  Blaze ; 
bright  flame,  S.B.    Barbour.    2.  A  torch, 
S.     Douglas. — A.S.  blaese,  fax,  taeda,  a 
torch,  anything  that  makes  a  blaze,  Su.G. 
bloss,  id.  Somn.    3.  A  signal  made  by  fire, 
S.     It  is  still  used  in  this  sense  at  some 
ferries  where  it  is  customary  to  kindle  a 
bleise  when  a  boat  is  wanted  from  the  op- 
posite side. 
BLEIS, .«.     The  name  given  to  a  river-fish. 
Sibba/d. — This  seems  to  be  what  in  E.  is 
called  Bleak,  Cyprinus  alburnus,  Linn. 

BLEKE,  .*.  Stain  or  imperfection.  Keith. 
Perhaps  the  same  with  E.  black,  s.  as  de- 
noting any  spot  of  black ;  or  from  A.S. 
blaec  ;  Isl.  blek,  liquor  tinctorius. 

BLEKKIT.  Legend  Bp.  St.  Androis,  p. 
307,  expl.  in  Gl.  "  blacked,"  but  it  seems 
to  signify  deceived. — Isl.  blek-ia,  id.  fal- 
lere,  decipere. 

BLELLUM,?.  An  idle,  talking  fellow,  Ayrs. 

To  BLEME,  r.  n.  To  bloom  ;  to  blossom. 
Bannatyne  Poems. 

BLEMIS,  s.  pi.  Blossoms  ;  flowers.  Hon- 
late. — Belg.  bloem ;  Isl.  bloma  ;  Alem. 
bluom,  flos,  flosculus  ;  Teut.  bloem-en,  flo- 

BLENCH  CANE.  Cam  or  duty  paid  to 
a  superior,  whether  in  money  or  in  kind, 
in  lieu  of  all  other  rent ;  apparently  equi- 
valent to  E.  Quitreut.  Acts  Ja.  VI.  V. 

BLENCHED  MILK.  Skimmed  milk  a 
little  soured,  Aberd.  V.  Blink,  r.  in  the 
same  sense. 

BLENCH-LIPPED,  part.  adj.  White- 
mouthed. — Fr.  blanc,  blanche,  white. 

BLENDIT  BEAR.  Bear  or  big  mixed 
with  barley,  S.     Agr.  Surv.  Peeb. 

To  BLENK,  Blink,  v.  n.  1.  To  open  the 
eyes,  as  one  does  from  a  slumber,  S.  Bar- 
bour. 2.  To  take  a  glance  or  hasty  view; 
with  the  prep,  in  added,  as  signifying 
into ;  as,  "  Blenk  in  this  mirrour,  man, 
and  mend."  3.  To  throw  a  glance  on  one, 
especially  as  expressive  of  regard,  S. 
Boss.  4.  To  look  with  a  favourable  eye  ; 
used  metaph.  in  allusion  to  the  shining  of 
the  sun,  after  it  has  been  covered  with  a 
cloud.  Baillie. — He]g.blenck-en,blinck-en; 
Su.G.  blaenk-a,  to  shine,  to  glance,  to  flash 
as  lightning.     V.  Blink,  r. 

BLENK,  Blink,  s.  1 .  A  beam  ;  a  ray. 
Douglas.  2.  "  A  glimpse  of  light,"  S. 
Sir  J.  Sinclair's  Observ.  p.  113.  Minst. 
Bord.  3.  Hence  transferred  to  the  tran- 
sient influence  of  the  rays  of  the  sun,  es- 
pecially in  a  cold  or  cloudy  day.  Thus  it 
is  common  to  speak  of  "  a  warm  blink," 
"a  clear  blink,"  S.  Sir  J.  Sinclair.  4. 
Applied  to  the  momentary  use  of  bor- 
rowed light  ;  as,  "  Gie  me  the  blink  o'  a 
candle,"  give  me  the  use  of  a  candle  for  a 
moment,  S.  5.  A  wink,  the  act  of  wink- 
ing ;  at  times  denoting  contempt  or  deri- 
sion. Antiquary.  Sw.  blinka  ;  Belg. 
blikk-en,  to  wink.  6.  A  gleam  of  pros- 
perity, during  adversity.  Godscroft.  7. 
Also  transferred  to  a  glance,  a  stroke  of 
the  eye,  or  transient  view  of  any  object  ; 
the  idea  being  borrowed,  either  from  the 
quick  transmission  of  the  rays  of  light,  or 
from  the  short-lived  influence  of  the  sun 
when  the  sky  is  much  obscured  witli 
clouds,  S.  Douglas.  8.  A  kindly  glance  ; 
a  transient  glance  expressive  of  regard,  S. 
Burns.    9.  The  consolations  of  the  Spirit, 




accompanying  the  dispensation  of  the  gos- 
pel. Walker's  Remark.  Passages.  10. 
A  moment.  "  I'll  not  stay  a  blink,'"  I  will 
return  immediately.  In  a  blink,  in  a  mo- 
ment, S.  Ramsay.  11.  Improperly,  a 
ittle  way,  a  short  distance  ;  as,  "  A  blink 
beyond  Balweary,"  &c.  Jacobite  Relics. 
— Su.G.  blink,  oegonblink,  is  a  glance,  a 
cast  of  the  eye,  oculi  nictus  ;  Germ,  blick, 
Belg.  blik,  oogenblik,  id.;  the  twinkling  of 
the  eye,  a  moment. 

BLENSHAW,  s.  A  drink  composed  of 
meal,  milk,  water,  &c,  Strathmore.  Fr. 
blanche  eau,  q.  whitish  water. 

To  BLENT  up,  v.  n.  The  sun  is  said  to 
blent  up,  that  is,  to  shine  after  the  sky 
has  been  overcast,  Loth. 

To  BLENT  Fire,  v.  a.  To  flash,  Fife. 
These  are  both  formed  from  Blent,  the 
old  pret.  of  the  r.  to  Blink. 

BLENT, pret.  Glanced,  expressing  the  quick 
motion  of  the  eye.  Gaican  and  Gol. — 
Perhaps  allied  to  Su.G.  bliga,  blia,  inten- 
tis  oculis  aspicere,  q.  bligcnt. 

BLENT,  s.     A  glance.    Douglas. 

BLENT,  pret.  Lost,  as  applied  to  sight. 
King's  Quair. — Perhaps  from  A.S.  blent, 
the  part,  of  A.S.  blend-ian,  caecare,  used 
in  a  neuter  sense  ;  or  from  A.S.  blinn-an, 
cessare,  whence  blind,  deficiens. 

BLENTER,  s.  LA  boisterous,  intermit- 
ting wind.  A.  Douglas's  Poems.  2.  A 
flat  stroke,  Fife. — A.S.  blawend,  bleowend, 
the  part.  pr.  of  blaw-an,  bleow-an,  flare, 
to  blow  ;  blaicung,  flatus. 

BLET,  s.  A  piece  or  Blad ;  perhaps  errat. 
for  a  belt.    In  centuries. 

To  BLETHER,  Blather,  v.  n.  1.  To  speak 
indistinctly  ;  to  stammer,  S.  ;  pron.  like 
fair.  2.  To  talk  nonsense.  3.  To  prattle, 
S. — Su.G.  bladdr-a;  Germ,  pi 'a uder-n,  to 
prattle,  to  chatter,  to  jabber  ;  Teut.  bla- 
ter-en,  stulte  loqui  ;  Lat.  blater-are,  to 
babble  ;  Sw.  pladr-a,  id. 

BLETHER,  Blather,  s.  Nonsense  ;  foolish 
talk,  S.;  often  used  in  pi.  Burns.  Ha- 

To  BLETHER,  Blather,  Bladder,  r.  a. 
To  talk  nonsensically,  S.     Ramsay. 

BLETHERAND,  pret.  Fordun.— Allied, 
perhaps,  to  Teut.  blater-en,  blaeter-en, pro- 
flare  fastum,  gloriari. 

BLETHERER,s.    A  babbler,  S.    Gl.  Herd. 

BLETHERING,  s.  1.  Nonsense;  foolish 
language.  2.  Stammering,  S.  "  Stam- 
mering is  called  blethering,'"  Gl.  Herd. 

BLEW.  To  look  blew,  to  seem  disconcerted. 
It  conveys  both  the  idea  of  astonishment 
and  of  gloominess,  S.  Peblis  to  the  Play. 
— Blew,  S.  is  often  synon.  with  blue,  livid. 

To  BLEZZIN,  v.  a.  To  publish ;  to  pro- 
pagate, Ayrs. ;  the  same  as  E.  blazon. 

To  BLYAUVE,  v.  n.     To  blow,  Buchan. 

BLIBE,  s.  The  mark  of  a  stroke.  Tay- 
tor's  S.  Poems.  V.  Blob,  Blab,  sense  2, 
also  Blyte. 

BLICHAM,  (gutt.)s.  A  contemptuous  de- 
signation for  a  person,  Perths. 

BLICHEN,  Blighan,  (gutt.)  s.  LA  term 
often  applied  to  a  person  of  djminutive 
size;  as,  "  He's  a  puir  blichan,"  Loth.  2. 
Applied  also  to  a  lean,  worn-out  animal ; 
as,  "That's  an  auld  blichan  o'  a  beast," 
a  sorry  horse,  one  nearly  unfit  for  work 
of  any  kind,  Dumfr.  3.  A  spark;  a  lively 
showy  youth,  Loth.  4.  A  harum-scarum 
fellow  ;  synon.  Rattleskull,  Lanarks.  5. 
A  worthless  person,  Dumfr.  Perhaps  de- 
rived from  E.  To  Blight,  which  is  probably 
from  A.S.  blic-an, fulgere,  as  denoting  the 
effect  of  lightning  in  blasting  vegetable 
substances. — C.B.  bychan,  signifies  puny, 
diminutive  ;  Teut.  blick,  is  umbra,  &c. 

BLICHER,  e.     A  spare  portion,  Ettr.  For. 

BLICHT,  adj.  An  epithet  expressive  of 
the  coruscation  of  armour  in  the  time  of 
action.  Houlate. — A.S.  6?*c-«»,coruscare; 
Meet,  coruscatus  ;  Alem.  blechct;  Germ. 
blicket,  splendet. 

BLYDE,  Blyid,  adj.  The  pronunciation 
of  blithe,  cheerful,  in  Fife  and  Angus. — 
Sn.G. blid;  m.blid-nr;  Alem.  blid ';  Belg. 
bh/de,  hilaris.  The  E.  word  retains  the 
A.S.  form. 

BLIERS,  s.  pi. 
also  Briers. 



To  BLIGHTEN,  r. 
well's  Sel.  Trans. 

To  BLIN,  Blyn,  Blyne,  v.  n.  To  cease  ; 
to  desist,  S.;  also  blind.  Wallace. — A.S. 
blinn-an,  cessare,  contr.  from  bilinn-an, 
id.  In  Isl.  and  Su.G.  it  occurs  in  its 
simple  form,  linn-a,  also,  lind-a,  id. 

To  BLIN,  v.  a.  To  cause  to  cease.  Chron. 
S.  Poet. 

BLIND-BELL,  s.  A  game  formerly  com- 
mon in  Berwicks.  in  which  all  the  players 
were  hoodwinked,  except  the  person  who 
was  called  the  Bell.  He  carried  a  bell, 
which  he  rung,  still  endeavouring  to  keep 
out  of  the  way  of  his  hoodwinked  part- 
ners in  the  game.  When  he  was  taken, 
the  person  who  seized  him  was  released 
from  the  bandage,  and  got  possession  of 
the  bell ;  the  bandage  being  transferred 
to  him  who  was  laid  hold  of. 

BLIND  BITCH.  A  bag  formerly  used  by 
millers,  Ettr.  For.  The  same  with  Black 
Bitch,  q.  v.    Hogg. 

BLIND  BROSE.  "Brose  without  butter; 
said  to  be  so  denominated  from  there 
being  none  of  those  small  orifices  in  it 
that  are  called  eyes,  and  which  appear  on 
the  surface  of  brose  which  has  butter  in 
its  composition,  Roxb. 

BLIND-COAL,  s.  A  species  of  coal  pro- 
ducing no  flame,  Lanarks.  Agr.  Surr. 
Ayrs.  In  different  languages,  the  term 
blind  denotes  the  want  of  a  property 
which  an  object   seems   to   posses ;   as, 

The  eye-lashes,  Aberd. 
A  squall,  &c.  V.  Blef- 
To  blight.    Max- 


Germ,  blinde  fenster,  Su.G.  blind [foenster, 
E.  a  blind  window,  Su.G.  blinddoer,  a 
blind  door,  &c.  Bald's  Coal  Trade. 
BLIND  HARIE.  Blindrnan's-buff,  S. 
Herd.  Belly-Wind  synon. — In  the  Scan- 
dinavian Julbock,  from  which  this  sport 
seems  to  have  originated,  the  principal 
actor  was  disguised  in  the  skin  of  a  buck 
or  goat.  The  name  Blind  Harie  might 
therefore  arise  from  his  rough  attire ;  as 
he  was  called  blind,  in  consequence  of 
being  blindfolded.  Or  it  may  signify, 
Blind  Master,  or  Lord,  in  ironical  lan- 
guage. V.  Herie. 
BLIND  MAN'S  BALL,  or  Devil's  Snuff- 
box. Common  puff-ball,  S.  V.  Flor.  Suec. 
Lightfoot. — It  is  also  called  Blind  man's 
een,  i.  e.  eyes,  S.B.  An  idea,  according 
to  Linn.,  prevails  throughout  the  whole  of 
Sweden,  that  the  dust  of  this  plant  causes 
BLIND-MAN'S-BELLOWS,  s.  The  puff- 
ball,  or  Devil's  Snuff-box,  Roxb. 
of  the  names  given  to  Blindman's-buff, 
BLIND  TAM.  A  bundle  of  rags  made  up 
by  female  mendicants  to  pass  for  a  child, 
and  excite  compassion,  Aberd.  Synon. 
Dumb  Tarn. 
BLYNDIT,  pret.     Blended.     Gawan  and 

BLINDLINS,  BLYNDLYNGis,«(?r.     Having 
the  eyes  closed,  hoodwinked.     It  denotes 
the  state  of  one  who  does  anything  as  if 
he  were  blind,  S.   Douglas. — Germ.  Dan. 
blindlings,  id.     V.  Lingis. 
BLINDS,' s.  pi.     The   Pogge,  or   Miller's 
Thumb,  a  fish,  Cottus  Cataphractus,  Linn. 
West  of  S.     Statist.  Ace. — Perhaps  it  re- 
ceives this  name  because  its  eyes  are  very 
To  BLINK,   r.  n.     To  glance,  &c.     V. 

To  BLINK,  v.  n.  1.  To  become  a  little  sour; 
a  term  used  with  respect  to  milk  or  beer, 
S.  Bleeze,  synon.  Chr.KirJc.  2.  Metaph. 
applied  to  what  is  viewed  as  the  effect  of 
Papal  influence.  Walker's  Remark.  Pas- 
sages. 3.  To  be  blinkit,  to  be  half-drunk, 
Fife.  4.  To  be  blinkit,  to  be  bewitched. 
Su.G.  blaenk-a ;  Germ,  blink-en,  corus- 
care,to  shine, to  flash,  to  lighten;  q.  struck 
with  lightning,  which,  we  know,  has  the 
effect  of  making  liquids  sour  ;  or  as  de- 
noting that  of  sunshine,  or  of  the  heat  of 
the  weather. 
To  BLINK,  r.  a.  1.  To  blink  a  lass,  to 
play  the  male  jilt  with  her,  Fife.  Glink 
synon,  Border.  2.  To  trick  ;  to  deceive  ; 
to  nick,  Aberd.  Tarras's  Poems. 
BLINK,  s.     To  gie  the.  blink;  to  give  the 

slip,  Aberd.     Tarras. 
BLINKER,  s.     A   lively,  engaging  girl, 
Roxb.    In  Gl.  to  Burn?  it  is  said  to  be  a 
term  of  contempt. 


BLINKER,  s.      A  person   who   is  blind 
of  one  eye,  S.     Blinkert,  id.     Lancash. 
BLINNYNG,  part.  pr.    Leg.    Blumyng. 

Maitland  Poems. 
To  BLINT,  v.  n.    To  shed  a  feeble,  glim- 
mering light,  Aberd. 
BLINTER,    s.      Bright    shining,    Aberd. 

To  BLINTER,  r.  n.     To  rush ;  to  make 

haste,  Aberd.  V.  Blenter. 
To  BLINTER,  v.  n.  1.  To  shine  feebly,  or 
with  an  unsteady  flame,  like  a  candle 
going  out,  Moray,  Aberd.  2.  To  bring 
the  eyelids  close  to  the  pupil  of  the  eye, 
from  a  defect  of  vision,  ibid.  3.  To  see 
obscurely ;  to  blink,  ibid.  Perhaps  from 
Blent,  glanced,  or  from  Dan.  blund-er,  to 
twinkle,  to  wink  at. 

BLYPE,  s.  A  coat  ;  a  shred  ;  applied  to 
the  skin,  which  is  said  to  come  off  mi  blypes, 
when  it  peels  in  coats,  or  is  rubbed  off,  in 
shreds,  S.  Burns. — Perhaps  radically 
the  same  with  Flype,  q.  v.  or  a  different 
pron.  of  Bleib. 

BLYPE,  s.    A  stroke  or  blow.    St.  Patrick. 

To  BLIRT,  v.  n.  1.  To  make  a  noise  in 
weeping;  to  cry.  It  is  generally  joined 
with  Greet.  To  blirt  and  greet,  i.  e.  to 
burst  out  a-crying,  S.  Kelly.  2.  It  is 
also  used  actively  to  express  the  visible 
effects  of  violent  weeping,  in  the  appear- 
ance of  the  eyes  and  face  ;  as, "  She  's  a' 
blirted  wi' greeting,"  Fife. — Germ,  blaerr- 
en,  plarr-en,  mugire,  rugire.  Perhaps  E. 
blurt  is  also  radically  allied. 

BLIRT,  s.  The  action  expressed  by  the  v. 
"  A  blirt  of  greeting,"  a  violent  burst  of 
tears,  accompanied  with  crying,  S.B. 

BLIRT,  s.  1 .  A  gust  of  wind,  accompanied 
with  rain ;  a  smart,  cold  shower,  with 
wind,  Loth.  2.  An  intermittent  drizzle, 

BLIRTIE,  adj.  1.  As  applied  to  the  wea- 
ther, inconstant.  A  blirtie  day,  one  that 
has  occasionally  severe  blasts  of  wind  and 
rain,  Loth.  West  of  S.  2.  The  idea  is 
transferred  to  poverty;  "  Cheerless,  blirtie, 
cauld,  and  blae."  Tannahill. — Isl.  blaer, 
aura,  a  blast  of  wind.  E.  blurt,  seems  to 
be  originally  the  same. 

BLYTE,  s.  A  blast  of  bad  weather;  a 
flying  shower,  Loth.     Synon.  Blout. 

To  BLYTER,  <o.  a.  To  besmear,  Aberd. 
Part  pa.  blytcr't.  Tarras.  V.  Bludder, 

To  BLITHE,  Blytiie,  r.  a.  To  make  glad. 
Wallace. — A.S.  bliths-ian,  laetari ;  Alem. 
Mid-en,  gaudere.  But  perhaps  our  y.  is 
immediately  formed  from  the  adj. 

BLITHEMEAT,  s.  The  meat  distributed 
among  those  who  are  present  at  the  birth 
of  a  child,  or  among  the  rest  of  the  family, 
S.  pronounced  blyidmeat,  Ang.  as  the  adj. 
itself,  blyd,  blyid.  I  need  not  say,  that 
this  word  has  its  origin  from  the  happi- 



ness  occasioned  by  a  safe  deliver}'.  Tay- 
lor's S.  Poems. 

To  BLITHEN,  r.  a.  To  make  glad,  Ayra. 
B.  Gilhalze.     V.  Blithe. 

BLITTER-BLATTER.  A  rattling,  irre- 
gular noise,  Dnmfr.     Siller  Gun, 

BLYVARE.  Perhaps  for  Bhjther,  more 
cheerful.  Houlate.  A  literary  friend  sug- 
gests that  this  is  meant  for  believer. 

BLYWEST,  adj,  in  the  superl.  Houlate.— 
"  Blythest,  most  merry,"  Gl.  Perhaps 
it  rather  refers  to  colour  ;  q.  the  palest. 

To  BLIZZEN,  v.  a.  Drought  is  said  to  be 
blizzening,  when  the  wind  parches  and 
withers  the  fruits  of  the  earth,  S.B — 
Su.G.  blas-a ;  Germ,  blas-en ;  A.S.  blaes- 
an,  to  blow. 

BLOB,  Blab,  s.  Anything  tumid  or  cir- 
cular, S.  1.  A  small  globe  or  bubble  of 
any  liquid.  BeUenden.  2.  A  blister,  or 
that  rising  of  the  skin  which  is  the  effect 
of  a  blister  or  of  a  stroke,  S.  GL  Com- 
playnt.  3.  A  large  gooseberry  ;  so  called 
from  its  globular  form,  or  from  the  soft- 
ness of  its  skin,  S.  4.  A  blot,  a  spot ;  as 
"a  blab  of  ink,"  S.  denominated  perhaps 
from  its  circular  form.  Radically  the 
same  word  with  Blrib,  q.  v. 

BLOBBIT,  part,  pa,  Blotted,  blurred. 
V.  Blob.     Acts  Ja.  I. 

To  BLOCHER,  (gutt.)  r.  n.  To  make  a 
gurgling  noise  in  coughing,  from  catarrh 
in  the  throat,  Ang.  Berths.  It  is  often 
conjoined  with  another  term  ;  as,  Cough- 
erin'  and  Blocherin'.  Bolch  and  Croiclile 
denote  a  dry,  hard  cough.  Perhaps  from 
Gael,  bloiqhar,  a  blast. 

To  BLOCK,  r.  a.  1.  To  plan;  to  devise. 
Baillie,  2.  To  bargain.  3.  To  exchange ; 
as,  "  to  block  a  shilling,"  to  exchange  it 
by  accepting  copper  money  in  lieu  of  it. 
— Teut.  block-en,  assiduum  esse  in  studiis, 
in  opere,  in  ergastulo  ;  a  sense  evidently 
borrowed  from  a  workman  who  blocks  out 
his  work  roughly,  before  he  begin  to  give 
it  a  proper  form. 

BLOCKE,  s.     A  scheme,  &e.  V.    Bloik. 

BLOCKER,  s.  A  term  formerly  used  in  S. 
to  denote  a  broker  ;  q.  one  who  plans 
and  accomplishes  a  bargain.  Minsheu. 

BLOCKIN-ALE,  s.  The  drink  taken  at 
the  conclusion  of  a  bargain,  Buchan. 

BLOICHUM,  s.  A  term  usually  applied 
to  one  who  has  got  a  cough,  Ayrs.  Evi- 
dently allied  to  Blocher,  r.  q.  v. 

BLOIK,  Blok,  Block,  s.  1.  A  scheme,  a 
contrivance  ;  generally  used  in  a  bad 
sense.  Douglas.  2.  A  bargain,  an  agree- 
ment.   Acts  Ja.  VI. 

BLOISENT,part.|x<.  One  is  said  to  have 
a  bloisent  face,  when  it  is  red,  swollen,  or 
disfigured,  whether  by  intemperance,  or 
by  being  exposed  to  the  weather  ;  Ang. 
—This  appears  to  be  radically  the  same 
with  E.  blowze  ;  "  sun-burnt,  high-co- 
loured ;"  Johns.— Teut.  Host,  rubor,  pur- 

purissum,  redness,  the  colour  of  purple  ; 
blos-en,  rubescere  ;  blosende  wanghen,  ru- 
bentes  genae,  purpled  cheeks. 

To  BLOME,  Blume,  r.  n.  To  shine,  to 
gleam.  Barbour. — Su.G.  blomm-a,  to 
flourish  ;  E.  bloom,  used  metaph.  ;  or 
perhaps  from  A.S.  be,  a  common  prefix, 
and  leom-an  to  shine,  as  gleam  is  from 
geleom-an,  id. 

BLONCAT,  s.  Bloncatt,  Blunket,  adj. 
Meaning  uncertain.  Perhaps  like  Blun- 
ket, pale-blue,  or  printed. 

BLONK,  Blouk,  s.  A  steed,  a  horse, 
Gau-an  and  Gol.—Alem.  planchaz,  equus 
pallidus,  hodie  blank;  Schilter.  Thus 
blonk  may  have  originally  meant  merely 
a  white  horse,  q.  Fr.  blanc  cheval. 

BLONKS,  King  Hart.—li  this  does 
not  denote  horses,  as  above,  it  may  mean 
blocks  of  wood. 

BLOOD-FRIEND,  s.  A  relation  by  blood. 
Spalding.  —  Teut.  Uoed-rriend,  cogna- 
tus,  cousanguineus  ;  Kilian.  Germ,  blut- 
freund,  a  relation,  a  kinsman.  V.  Fre.nd, 

BLOODGRASS,  8.  A  disease  of  kine, 
bloody  urine  ;  said  to  be  brought  on 
when  changed  from  one  kind  of  pasture 
to  another.  In  the  Highlands  they  pre- 
tend to  cure  it  by  putting  a  live  trout 
clown  the  animal's  throat.  Agr.  Sure. 

BLOOM,  ?.  The  efflorescent  crystallization 
on  the  outside  of  thoroughly  dried  fishes, 
Shetl.     Isl.  blocmi,  flos. 

BLOOM-FELL,  s.  Apparently  yellow  clo- 
ver.   Hiqhl.Soc,  Trans.    V.  Fell-bloom. 

BLOOMS,'  g.  pi.  The  name  given,  at  Car- 
ron  Iron-works,  to  malleable  iron  after 
having  received  two  beatings,  with  an 
intermediate  scouring. 

To  BLORT,  r.  n.  To  snort;  applied  to  a 
horse,  Fife. 

BLOSS,  s.  A  term  applied  to  a  buxom 
young  woman,  West  of  S.  Apparently 
from  the  same  root  with  E.  blouze,  a 
ruddy,  fat-faced  wench.  Fr.  bloss,  mel- 
low, ripe. 

To  BLOT,  r.  a.  To  puzzle  ;  to  nonplus. 
Buff's  Poems.  Perhaps  allied  to  Su.G. 
bloed,  blate,  bashful ;  or  to  blott,  bare,  as 
denoting  that  one's  mental  nakedness  is 
made  to  appear.  Teut.  blutten,  homo 
stolidus,  obtuens. 

BLOUST,  5.  1.  An  ostentatious  account 
of  one's  own  actions,  a  brag,  Roxb.  Ber- 
wicks.  Synon.  Blaic.  A.  Scott's  Poems. 
2.  Often  applied  to  an  ostentatious  per- 
son, ibid. 

To  BLOUST,  r.  ».  To  brag;  to  boast. 
Synon.  Blaic.  Apparently  from  Su.G. 
bit  last,  (pron.i<W,)ventus,tempestas,  from 
blaas-a,  (pron.  blos-a,)  Isl.  blaes-a,  flare, 

BLOUT,  adj.  Bare,  naked.  Douglas.— 
Sa.G.Isl.blott:  Belg.blootAd.    Thetanto- 

BLO  \ 

logical  phrase  b/ott  och  bar  isnsed  in  Sw. 
V.  Blait. 

BLOUT,  s.  1.  The  sudden  breaking  of  a 
storm,  S.  Bloutenin,  Clydesd.  2.  "A 
blout  of  foul  weather,"  a  sudden  fall  of 
rain,  snow,  or  hail,  accompanied  with 
wind,  S.  The  Ha'rst  Rig.  3.  A  sudden 
eruption  of  a  liquid  substance,  accom- 
panied with  noise,  S. — Probably  allied  to 
Su.G.  bloet,  humidus  ;  bloeta  waegar,  viae 

BLOUTER,  s.     A  blast  of  wind,  Buchan. 

BLOWEN  MEAT.  Fish  or  flesh  dried  by 
the  wind  passing  through  dry-stone  houses, 
Shetl.  Isl.Wrtc7s;'«M,exhalatus,  exsiccatus 
is  synon.;  from  blaes-a,  to  blow.   V.Skeo. 

BLOWY,  adj.     Blowing  ;  gusty,  Loth. 

BLUBBER,"  Blubbir,  s.  A  bubble  of  air, 
S.    Henrysone.     V.  Blob. 

BLUBBIT,  part.  pa.  Blubbered.  From 
S.  Blob,  a  small  globule  of  anything 
liquid,  hence  transferred  to  tears. 

BLUDCAiy^j.  Meaning  doubtful.  Aberd. 

To  BLUDDER,  Bluteier,  p.  a.  1.  To  blot 
paper  in  writing,  to  disfigure  any  writ- 
ing, S. — Su.G.  pluttra,  incuriose  scribere; 
Moes.G.  blothjan,  irritum  reddere.  2.  To 
disfigure  the  face  with  weeping,  or  in  any 
other  way,  S.  Ross.  Cleland.  3.  To 
disfigure,  in  a  moral  sense  ;  to  exhibit  in 
an  unfair  point  of  view. 

To  BLUDDER,  Bluthkr,  v.  n.  To  make 
a  noise  with  the  mouth  or  throat  in  tak- 
ing any  liquid,  S.     Sluther,  synon. 

BLUDIE-BELLS,  s.  pi.  Foxglove  ;  Digi- 
talis purpurea,  an  herb,  Lanarks.  Syn. 
Dead-men's  Bells. 

BLUE,  adj.  1.  A  blue  day,  a  very  chill, 
or  frosty  day,  Roxb.  Perhaps  synon. 
with  "  a  blue  day,"  in  other  parts  of  S. 
2.  A  blue  day,  a  day  in  which  any  uproar 
or  disturbance  has  taken  place,  ibid.  3. 
To  look  blue.    V.  Blew. 

BLUE-BANNET,  s.  The  Blue  Titmouse, 
Parus  caeruleus,  Linn. ;  Clydes. 

BLUE-BLANKET.  The  name  given  to 
the  banner  of  the  craftsmen  in  Edinburgh. 
"  As  a  perpetual  remembrance  of  the  loy- 
alty and  bravery  of  the  Edinburghers  on 
the  aforesaid  occasion, the  King  [Ja.  III.] 
granted  them  a  banner  or  standard,  with 
a  power  to  display  the  same  in  defence  of 
their  King,  country,  and  their  own  rights. 
This  flag,  at  present  denominated  The 
Blue  Blanket,  is  kept  by  the  Conveener 
of  the  Trades."     Haiti.  Hist.  Edin. 

BLUE  BLAUERS,  Blue  Blavers.  The 
plant  called  the  Bell-flower,  or  wild  Blue 
Campanula,  or  Rotundifolia,  Roxb.  The 
Blue  Bells  of  Scotland,  as  in  old  song. 
V.  Blawort. 

BLUE  BONNETS.  The  flower  of  Sca- 
biosa  succisa,  Linn.  It  is  also  called 
Devil's  Bit,  E.,  the  end  of  the  root  being, 
as  it  were,  bitten  off.     This  corresponds 


with  Svv.  diefwuls-bett,  Seren.  This  seems 
the  same  with  Blue-Bannets,  Lanarks. 
Expl.  Sheeps-6it. — In  Gothland  in  Sweden, 
this  plant  has  a  fanciful  name  somewhat 
similar,  Baetsmansmyssa,  the  boatman's 
cap  or  mutch. 

BLUEFLY,  s.  The  flesh-fly  or  Bluebottle,  S. 

BLUE-GOWN,  s.  The  name  commonly 
given  to  a  pensioner,  who,  annually,  on 
the  King's  birth-day,  receives  a  certain 
sum  of  money,  and  a  blue  gown  or  cloak, 
which  he  wears  with  a  badge  on  it,  S.  V. 

BLUE-GRASS,  Blue-gerse,  s.  The  name 
given  to  the  various  sedge-grasses,  or 
Varices,  West  of  S. 

BLUE  SEGGIN,  s.  The  blue  flower-de- 
luce,  Ayrs.     V.  Seg,  Segg,  s. 

BLUE-SPALD,  s.  A  disease  of  cattle; 
supposed  to  be  the  same  with  Blackspaul. 
Saxon  and  Gael. 

BLUFF,  s.  To  get  the  bluff;  to  be  taken 
in  ;  to  be  cheated,  Buchan.     Tarras. 

To  BLUFFERT,  v.  n.  To  bluster,  as  the 
wind,  Aberd.  Bluffertin,  part.  pr. 
Blustering ;  gusty.     V.  Bleffert. 

BLUFFERT,  s.  1.  The  blast  sustained  in 
encountering  a  rough  wind,  Aberd.  2.  A 
blow ;  a  stroke,  Ang.  Mearns.  Bluff'et 
is  the  term  used  in  this  sense,  Buchan  ; 
which  mav  be  allied  to  Bleerit. 

BLUFFLEHEADED,  adj.  Having  a  large 
head,  accompanied  with  the  appearance 
of  dulness  of  intellect,  S.  ;  perhaps  from 
E.  bluff. 

BLUID,  Blude,  s.     Blood,  S.    Rob  Roy. 

BLUID-RUN,  adj.  Bloodshot,  S.  Bleed- 
run,  Aberd. 

BLUIDY-FINGERS,  s.  The  name  given 
to  the  Foxglove,  Galloway.  Davidson's 
Seasons. — As  this  plant  has  received  the 
designation  of  Digitalis  from  its  resem- 
blance to  the  fingers  of  a  glove,  the  name 
bloody-fingers  would  almost  seem  a  literal 
version  of  Digitalis  purpurea.  In  Germ, 
it  is  called  jingerhut,  q.  the  covering  of 
the  finger  ;  Sw.  fim/erhattsgraess. 

BLUIDVEIT,  Bl'uidwyte,  s.  A  fine  paid 
for  effusion  of  blood.  Skene.  Reg.  Maj. — 
A.S.  blodwite,  pro  effuso  sanguine  mulcta; 
from  Mod,  sanguis,  and  wite,  poena, 

BLUITER,  Blutter,  s.  A  coarse,  clumsy, 
blundering  fellow,  Loth. 

To  BLUITER,  v.  v.  1.  To  make  a  rum- 
bling noise  ;  to  blurt,  S.  2.  To  bluiter  up 
with  water,  to  dilute  too  much,  S.  3.  To 
blatter,  to  pour  forth  lame,  harsh,  and  un- 
musical rhymes.  Polwart.— Germ,  plau- 
dern,  nugari  et  mentiri,  plauderei,  mixta 
nugis  mendacia.  In  sense  2.  it  seems 
to  be  merely  a  dimin.  from  Blout,  q.  v. 

BLUITER,  Blutter,  s.  1.  A  rumbling 
noise  ;  as  that  sometimes  made  by  the  in- 
testines, S.  2.  Apparently  used  to  denote 
filth  in  a  liquid  state.     Cleland. 




To  BLUITER,  v.  a.  To  obliterate ;  ap- 
plied not  only  to  writings,  but  to  any 
piece  of  work  that  is  rendered  useless  in 
the  making  of  it ;  S.B.  pron.  Bleeter.  V. 

BLUMDAMMESS,  g.  Prunes;  apparently 
corr.  of  Plumbedames,  q.  v. 

To  BLUME,  c.n.  To  blossom,  S.  bloom,E. 

BLUNYIERD,  g.  An  old  gun,  or  any  old 
rusty  weapon,  Ettr.  For. 

To  BLUNK,  r.  a.  To  spoil  a  thing,  to  mis- 
manage any  business,  S.  Hence, 

BLUNKIT,  Blinkit,  "Injured 
by  mismanagement,  or  by  some  mis- 
chievous contrivance."     Gl.  Sibb. 

BLUNK,  s.  "  A  dull,  lifeless  person," 
Gl.  Tarras.  Aberd.  Perhaps  from  Isl. 
blunda,  dormio,  a  sleepy-headed  fellow. 

BLUNKS,  s.  pi.  Cotton  or  linen  cloths 
which  are  wrought  for  being  printed  ; 
calicoes,  S. 

BLUNKER,  .«.  One  who  prints  cloth,  S. 
Guy  Mannering. 

BLUNKET,  g.  Expl.  "  Pale  blue  ;  per- 
haps any  faint  or  faded  colour  ;  q. 
blanched."  Sibb.  Sir  Gaican  and  Sir 

BLUNT,  g.     A  stupid  fellow,  Roxb. 

BLUNT,  adj.  Stripped,  bare,  naked. 
Douglas. — This  seems  to  be  radically  the 
same  with  Blout,  q.  v. 

BLUNTIE,  Blunty,  s.  A  sniveller,  a  stu- 
pid fellow,  S.  Burns.  Teut.  blutten,  homo 
stolidus,  obtusus,  incautus,  inanis. 

BLUP,  s.  One  who  makes  a  clumsy  or 
awkward  appearance  ;  Loth.  It  is  ap- 
parently the  same  with  Flup,  q.  v. 

BLUP,  .<;.  A  misfortune  brought  on,  or  mis- 
take into  which  one  falls,  in  consequence 
of  want  of  foresight,  Tweedd.    V.  Blupt. 

BLUPT,  part.  pa.  Unfortunate  from  want 
of  caution,  Tweedd.  Belg.  Beloop-en,  to 
reach  by  running,  to  overtake.  Van  eenen 
storm  beloopen,  to  be  caught  with  a  storm. 

BLUS,  s.  Expl.  "  flood."  Poems  1 6th  <  5  nt. 
Perhaps  should  be  flus.  Y.  Flous  and 

To  BLUSH,  r.  a.  To  chafe  the  skin  so  as 
to  produce  a  tumour  or  low  blister ;  as, 
I've  blushed  my  hand,  Berwicks. 

BLUSH,  s.  1.  A  kind  of  low  blister.  2. 
A  boil.  Su.G.  blosa,  a  blister;  Teut. 
bluyster,  of  the  same  origin. 

BLUSHIN,  .o.  A  pustule,  such  as  those  of 
the  small-pox,  full  of  matter,  Dumfr. 

To  BLUSTER,  v.  a.  To  disfigure  in  writ- 
ing.    Bait  lie.     V.  Bludder,  v. 

BLUTE,  s.  An  action  ;  used  in  a  bad 
sense.  Afuil  blute,  a  foolish  action,  S.B. 
perhaps  the  same  with  Blout,  q.  v. 

BLUTE,  Bluit,  8.  A  sudden  burst  of 
sound,  Ettr.  For.     V.  Blout. 

To  BLUTHER,  r.  a.  To  blot;  to  disfigure. 
V.  Bludder,  v.  a. 

To  BLUTHER,  r.  u.  1.  To  make  a  noise 
in  swallowing.     2.  To  make  an  inarticu- 

late sound.  3.  To  raise  wind-bells  in 
water,  S.     V.  Bludder. 

BLUTHRIE,  s.  Thin  porridge,  or  water- 
gruel,  Ettr.  For. 

BLUTHRIE,  8.  Phlegm  ;  as,  "  0  what  a 
bluthrie  he  cuist  aff  his  stamack  !"  what 
a  quantity  of  phlegm  he  threw  off,  S.  2. 
Figuratively,  frothy,  incoherent  discourse ; 
q.  of  a  flatulent  description,  S.   V.  Blatii- 


BLUTTER,  (Fr.  «,)  g.  A  term  of  reproach, 
Dumfr.  Perhaps  one  who  has  not  the 
power  of  retention.     Herd's  Coll. 

BO, ».   Used  as  synon.  with  Bu,  Boo,  Aberd. 

*  BO,  inter}.  "  A  word  of  terrour,"  Johnson. 

The  application  of  this  word  will  be  seen 
in  the  S.  Prov.,  "  He  dare  not  say  Bo  to 
your  blanket;"  that  is,  "  He  dare  not  of- 
fer you  the  least  injury,"  Kelly.  Per- 
haps, rather,  No  one  can  lay  any  imputa- 
tion of  dishonour  on  you,  or  bring  forward 
anything  injurious  to  your  character. 
This  word  appears  to  be  the  same  with 
the  S.  bu  or  boo,  used  to  excite  terror ; 
and  allied  to  Teut.  bauw,  larva,  spectrum, 
as  well  as  to  C.B.  bo,  a  hobgoblin. 

BOAKIE,  s.  A  sprite,  a  hobgoblin,  Aberd. 
Shetl. — Norw.  bokje,  Isl.  bocke,  bokki,  vir 
grandis  et  magnificus.  In  Sanscrit  buka 
is  the  name  of  an  evil  spirit.  O.Teut. 
bokene,  phantasma,  spectrum. 

BOAL,  Bole,  s.  1.  A  square  aperture  in  the 
wall  of  a  house, for  holding  small  articles; 
a  small  press  generally  without  a  door  ; 
S.  This  is  most  common  in  cottages. 
Ramsay.  2.  A  perforation  through  the 
wall  of  a  house,  for  occasionally  giving 
air  or  light  ;  usually  with  a  wooden  shut- 
ter instead  of  a  pane  of  glass,  to  be  opened 
and  shut  at  pleasure,  often  denominated 
Window-bole,  S. — C.  B.  bolch,  bwlch,  a 
gap  or  notch,  an  aperture. 

Barn-Bole,  s.  A  perforation  in  the  wall 
of  a  barn ;  synon.  Cat-hole,  S.   V.  Bowall. 

BOARDTREES,  g.  pi.  A  term  used  for 
the  plank  on  which  a  corpse  is  stretched  ; 

*  BOARD-WAGES,  s.  The  money  paid  by 

a  person  for  his  board,  Aberd. 
To  BOAST,  Boist,  r.  a.    To  threaten.     Y. 

To  BOAT,  r.  n.     To  take  boat;  to  enter 

into  a  boat ;  as, "  That  beast  winna  boat,"  S. 
BOAT,  s.     A  barrel ;  a  tub,  S. 
Beef-Boat,  s.     A  barrel  or  tub  in  which 

beef  is  salted  and  preserved,  S.     Hogg. 

Dan.  boette,  a  pail  or  bucket. 
Butter-Boat,  s.    A  small  vessel  for  holding 

melted  butter  at  table,  S. ;  called  in  E.  a 

sauce-tureen.    St.  Honan. 
Yill-Boat,  s.     An  ale-barrel,  S.A. 
BOATIE,  g.     A  yawl,  or  small  boat,  S. ; 

evidently  a  diminutive. 
To  BOB,  Bab,  r. «.    ] .  To  dance,  S.  Herd. 

2.  To  curtsy,  S.    "  When  she  cnm  ben  she 

bobbit."    AvldSava. 



BOB,  s.  Gust,  blast.    V.  Bub. 

BOB,  s.  1.  A  bunch;  used  as  synon.  with 
coic,  S.  Priests  of  Peblis.  2.  'The  same 
word,  pronounced  bab,  is  used  for  a  bundle 
of  flowers,  a  nosegay,  S.  Mountain  Bard. 
— Fr.  bube,  a  bunch  ;  Isl.  bobbe,  a  knot. 

BOB,  s.  A  mark,  a  butt,  S.  ;  either  q.  a 
small  bunch  set  up  as  a  mark,  or,  from 
the  sense  of  the  E.  v.,  something  to 
strike  at. 

BOB,  s.  A  taunt,  a  scoff,  S.B.  Boss.— 
Teut.  babb-en,  to  prate  ;  Isl.  Ionium  i 
bobba,  os  correptum,  at  bobsa,  bab  are  (to 
bark)  canum  vox  est.  Su.G.  babe,  sermo 

BOBBER,  Babber,  s.  In  fly-fishing,  the 
hook  which  plays  loosely  on  the  surface 
of  the  water,  as  distinguished  from  the 
trailer,  at  the  extremity  of  the  line,  S. 
V.  Trailer. 

BOBBY,  s.  A  grandfather,  S.B.  Boss. 
Perhaps  allied  to  Gael,  boban,  which  Shaw 
renders  "  Papa."  The  term  papa  seems, 
indeed,  the  root ;  b  and  p  being  constantly 
interchanged,  especially  in  the  Celtic  dia- 
lects.    Hence, 

Auld  Bobbie.  A  familiar  or  ludicrous 
designation  given  to  the  Devil,  S. 

BOBBIN,  s.  A  weaver's  quill,  Ettr.  For. 
Synon.  Pirn,  S. — Fr.  bobine,  a  quill  for  a 

BOBBYN,  g.  1.  The  seed-pod  of  birch, 
Loth.  Evergreen.  2.  Bobbyns,^.  The 
bunch  of  edible  ligaments  attached  to  the 
stalk  of  Badderlocks,  a  species  of  sea 
weed,  eaten  by  both  men  and  cattle  ; 
Fucus  esculentus,  Linn.  Mearns. — Fr. 
bubon,  a  great  bunch. 

BOBBINS,?.  The  water-lily,  S.B.  Bob- 
bins are  properly  the  seed-vessels.  V. 

BOBBLE,  s.  A  slovenly  fellow,  Ayrs. 
Picken.   C.B.  bawai,  id.,  bawl  yd,  slovenly. 

BOCE,  g.  A  barrel  or  cask.  Act.  Bom. 
Cone.    V.  Boss. 

BOCE  ;  Burel,  Watson's  Coll.  ii.  26.  V. 

To  BOCK,  t>.  a.     To  vomit.     V.  Bok. 

BOCK-BLOOD,  ».  A  spitting,  or  throw- 
ing up  of  blood.    Polwart. 

BOD,  s.  A  person  of  small  size,  a  term  gen- 
erally applied,  somewhat  contemptuous- 
ly, to  one  who  is  dwarfish,  although  of 
full  age,  S.    Picken. 

BOD,  s.  A  personal  invitation  ;  distin- 
guished from  Bodeword,  which  denotes 
an  invitation  by  means  of  a  letter  or  a 
messenger,  Upp.  Clydes.  A.S.  bod-ian, 
"  to  deliver  a  message."     Somner. 

BOD.  Used  as  a  common  proverbial  phrase, 
in  regard  to  anything  in  which  one  has 
not  succeeded  on  a  former  attempt; "  I'll 
begin,"  or  "  I'll  set  about  it,  new  bod, 
new  shod"  S.  It  is  doubtful  whether 
bod  should  be  viewed  in  the  sense  of 
boden,  prepared  ;    it   is  probably  rather 

the  8.  bode,  and  may  mean,  I  will  expect  a 
new  proffer,  as  being  set  out  to  the  best 
advantage.  Perhaps  a  kind  of  horse- 
market  jockey  phrase. 

BODAY.  Meaning  doubtful;  perhaps  flesh- 
colour,  q.  the  complexion  of  the  body. 
Depred.  on  the  Clan  Campbell. 

BODDUM,  g.  1.  Bottom.  Douglas.  2. 
A  hollow,  a  valley.  Douglas.  3.  The  seat 
in  the  human  body  ;  the  hips  ;  as,  "  Sit 
still  on  your  boddum  there." — Alem. 
bodem,  Germ.  Belg.  boden,  solum,  fundus. 

BODDUM-LYER.  A  designation  given  to 
a  large  trout  because  it  keeps  at  the 
bottom,  Dumfr. ;  synon.  Gull. 

BODE,  s.  A  portent ;  that  which  forebodes, 
Ayrs.  Gait. — Isl.  bod,  mandatum,  bod-a, 
nuntiar e, and  soon  in  the  cognate  dialects. 
Hence  the  compound  terms,  A.S.  fore- 
bod-an,  praenuntiare  ;  Su.G.  foerebod-a, 
to  foretoken,  E.  forebode ;  Isl.fyribodan, 
omen ;  Teut.  veur-bode,  praenuncius  et 
praesagium  ;  such  omens  being  viewed  as 
communicated  by  a  messenger  from  the 
world  of  spirits  to  give  previous  warning 
of  some  important  event. 

BODE,  Bod,  .«.  1.  An  offer  made  in  order 
to  a  bargain,  a  proffer,  S.  Ramsay.  2. 
It  is  sometimes  used  to  denote  the  price 
asked  by  a  vender,  or  the  offer  of  goods 
at  a  certain  rate.  Antiquary. — Germ,  bot, 
id.  from  biet-en,  to  offer.  Isl.  bud,  a  proffer, 
from  bioth-a,  offerre,  exhibere,  praebere. 

BODE,  s.    Delay.    Sir  Egeir. 

To  BODE,  v.  a.  To  proffer,  often  as  im- 
plying the  idea  of  some  degree  of  con- 
straint. "  He  did  na  merely  offer,  but 
he  boded  it  on  me  ;"  S. 

BODEABLE,  adj.  'Marketable;  anything 
for  which  a  bode  or  proffer  may  be  ex- 
pected, Ettr.  For. 

BODEN,  -part.  pa.     Preferred. 

BODEN,  part.  pa.    Proffered.  V.  Bode  r. 

BODEN,  Bomx,BoDYX,  part,  pa.  1.  Pre- 
pared, provided,  furnished,  in  whatever 
way,  S.  ActsJa.l.  WeU-boden  or  itt- 
boden,  well  or  ill  provided,  in  whatever 
respect,  S.  2.  It  seems  to  be  used  in 
one  instance,  in  an  oblique  sense,  as  sig- 
nifying matched.  V.  Boun.  Barbour. — 
Su.G.  bo,  Isl.  bo-a,  to  prepare,  to  provide  ; 
icael  bodd,  well  provided  against  the  cold. 

BODGEL,  s.  A  little  man,  Loth. ;  perhaps, 
properly,  bodsel.     V.  Bod. 

BODY,  s.  Strength,  bodily  ability.  Bar- 
bour.— A.S.  bodig  not  only  signifies  the 
body  in  general,  but  stature. 

BODIE,  Body,  s.  1.  A  little  or  puny  per- 
son ;  as,  He's  but  a  bodie,  S.  2.  Also 
used  in  a  contemptuous  sense  ;  especially 
when  preceded  by  an  adj.  conveying  a 
similar  idea.    Spalding. 

BODIES,  s.  pi.  A  common  designation  for 
a  number  of  children  in  a  family  or  school ; 
as,  "  Ane  o'  the  bodies  is  no  weel,"  one  of 
the  children  is  ailing. 




*  BODILY,  adv.  Entirely  ;  as, "  It 's  tane 
away  bodily,''  not  a  vestige  of  it  remains; 
q.  the  whole  body  is  removed. 

BODY-LIKE,  adv.  In  the  whole  extent 
of  the  corporeal  frame,  Angus.   Spalding. 

BODY-SERVANT,  s.  A  valet ;  one  who 
immediately  waits  on  his  master.  Guy 
Manner ing. 

BODLE,  Boddle,  s.  A  copper  coin,  of  the 
value  of  two  pennies  Scots,  or  the  third 
part  of  an  English  halfpenny.  Rudd. 
— These  pieces  are  said  to  have  been  de- 
nominated from  a  mint-master  of  the 
name  of  Both well. 

BODWORD,  Bodwart,  Bodworde,  s.  1. 
A  message,  S.B.  Wallace.  2.  A  predic- 
tion, or  some  old  saying,  expressing  the 
fate  of  a  person  or  family.  Marriage. 
— A.S.  boda,  a  messenger,  and  word. 
Su.G.  Isl.  bodicord  is  edictum,  mandatum. 
V.  Bode,  a  portent. 

BOET1NGS,  Buitings,  s.  pi.  Half-boots, 
or  leathern  spatterdashes.  Dunbar. — 
Teut.  boten  schoen,  calceus  rusticus  e  crudo 
corio  ;  Kiliau. 

To  BOG,  r.  n.  To  be  bemired  ;  to  stick  in 
marshy  ground,  S. ;  Lair  synou.  From 
the  E.  noun. 

To  BOG,  i\  a.  Metaph.  to  entangle  one's 
self  inextricably  in  a  dispute,  S. 

BOG  AN,  Boggan,  Boggin,  s.  A  boil;  a 
large  pimple  filled  with  white  matter, 
chiefly  appearing  between  the  fingers  of 
children  in  spring,  Berwicks.  Ayrs. — Isl. 
bolga,  tumour,  bolginn,  tumidus,  bolg-a, 
bolgn-a,  tumescere  ;  Gael,  bolg-am,  to 
swell  or  blister,  bolg,  a  pimple,  bolgach,  a 
boil,  the  small-pox  ;  C.B.  boq,  a  swelling. 

BOG-BLUTER,  8.  The  Bittern  ;  denomi- 
nated from  its  thrusting  its  bill  into 
marshy  places,  and  making  a  noise  by 
bubbling  through  the  water,  Roxb.  Ayrs. 
For  the  same  reason  it  is  called  Mire- 

BOG-BUMPER,  s.  Another  name  for  the 
bittern,  Roxb.  Perils  of  Man.  V.  Mire- 
bumper,  id.  S.B. 

BOG  GARDE,  s.  A  bugbear.  Eollock.  A. 
Bor.  boggart,  a  spectre.  C.B.  bwg,  larva, 

BOGGIN,  s.    V.  Bogan. 

BOG-GLED,  s.  The  moor-buzzard,  Falco 
aeruginosus,  Linn.  S. 

To  BOGG-SCLENT,  v.  n.  Apparently  to 
avoid  action,  to  abscond  in  the  day  of 
battle.  Colvil. — Perhaps  in  allusion  to 
him  who  sklents  or  strikes  off  obliquely 
from  the  highway,  into  a  bog,  to  avoid 
being  taken  prisoner. 

BOGILL,  or,  Bogle  about  the  Stacks,  or 
simply,  Bogle,  a  play  of  children  or  young 
people,  in  which  one  hunts  several  others 
around  the  stacks  of  corn  in  a  barn-yard, 
S.  Bogle  about  the  bush,  synon.  Iiitson. — 
It  seems  the  same  gamewith  that  called 
Barley-bracks,  q.  v.     The  name  has  pro 

bably  originated  from  the  idea  of  the 
huntsman  employed  being  a  scarecrow  to 
the  rest. 

BOGILL,  Bogle,  Bugil,  5.  1.  A  spectre,  a 
hobgoblin,  S.  A. Bor.  Douglas.  2.  A 
scarecrow,  a  bugbear,  S.  Synon.  doolie, 
cow ;  being  used  in  both  senses. — C.B. 
bugul,  fe&r,  bwgwly,  to  frighten. 

Potato-Bogle,  s.  A  scarecrow  erected 
among  growing  potatoes,  S.  Potato- 
doolie  synon,  S.B.     Guy  Mannering. 

BOGILL-BO,  5.  1.  A  hobgoblin  or' spec- 
tre, S.  Ramsay.  2.  A  pettish  humour. 
Philotus. — In  Lincolnsh.  this  word  is 
used  for  a  scarecrow,  from  bogill,  or 
C.B.  bogcl-u,  to  affright,  and  bo,  a  hob- 
goblin, q.  "  the  affrighting  goblin." 

To  BOGLE,  v.  a.  To  terrify  ;  to  enchant ; 
to  bewitch  or  blind.     M'  Ward's  Contend. 

BOGLE  about  the  Bush.  Synon.  with 
Bogill  about  the  stacks,  S.  ;  used  figura- 
tively to  denote  circumvention.  Wa- 

BOGLE-RAD,  adj.  Afraid  of  apparitions 
or  hobgoblins,  Roxb.  Y.  Bogle,  and 
Rad,  adj.  afraid. 

BOGLIE,  Bogillv,  Boggly,  adv.  Haunted 
by  hobgoblins,  S.     Black  Dwarf. 

BOG-NUT,  s.  The  Marsh  Trefo'il,  Meny- 
anthes  trifoliata,  Linn.  S.   Bogbean,  E. 

BOGOGER,  s.  Perhaps  coarse  stockings 
boq-hoqers.     Montqomery.     V.  Hogers. 

BOGSTALKER,  s.  An  idle,  wandering, 
and  stupid  fellow  ;  one  who  seems  to 
have  little  to  do,  and  no  understanding, 
S.  Y.  Stalker.  Ramsay. — Borrowed, 
perhaps,  from  outlaws,  who  were  seen  at 
a  distance  hunting  in  marshy  places, 
where  pursuit  was  more  difficult  ;  or 
from  people  going  into  bogs  or  miry 
places  in  quest  of  the  eggs  of  wild-fowls. 
In  doing  so  they  carried  a  long  pole  with 
a  flat  piece  of  wood  at  the  end  of  it  to 
prevent  it  from  sinking  and  enable  them 
to  step  from  one  place  to  another  ;  in 
doing  which  they  necessarily  looked  wist- 
fully and  doubtfully  around  them,  like 
people  who  did  not  know  what  to  do. 

BOYART,  Boyert,  s.  A  hoy ;  a  kind  of 
ship.     Aberd.  Reg.     Belg.  boeijer,  id. 

To  BOICH,  (gutt.)  r.  n.  To  cough  with 
difficulty, Lanarks.  Flandr. poogh-cn,  niti, 
adlaborare.     V.  Baichie. 

BOICH,  s.     A  short,  difficult  cough,  ibid. 

BOICHER,  s.  One  having  a  short,  difficult 
cough,  ibid. 

BOICHIN,  s.  A  continuation  of  coughing 
with  difficulty,  ibid. 

BOICHE,  s.  A  kind  of  pestilence.  Per- 
haps from  boichde,  poverty.    Aberd.  Reg. 

BOID,  s.  Maitland  Poems.—  Isl.  bode,'a 
term  used  to  denote  a  wave  agitated  by 
the  wind  ;  unda  maris  cum  vadosis  sco- 
pulis  luctans. 

BOYDS,  s.  pi.     Blackbemes.     V.  Black- 





BOYIS,  *.  In  boyis,  in  fetters.  Barbour. 
— Teut.  boeye,  compes,  pedica,  vinculum  ; 
boey-en,  corapedire. 

BOIKIN,  s.  The  piece  of  beef  called  the 
Brisket  in  E. 

BOIKIN,  s.     A  bodkin,  S.     Apparently  a 
corr.  of  E.  word,  to  avoid  the  harshness  j 
of  two  consonants  coming  together. 

BOIL,  s.  The  state  of  boiling;  At  the 
boil,  nearly  boiling,  S. 

BOIL,  s.  The  trunk  of  a  tree,  Lanarks. 
The  same  with  E.  bole,  Su.G.  bol,  Isl.  bol-r, 
truncus  arboris  vel  corporis. 

BOIN,  Boyn,  Boyen,  Bowyne,  s.  LA 
washing-tub,  S.B.  2.  A  flat  broad-bot- 
tomed vessel,  into  which  milk  is  emptied 
from  the  pail,  a  boicyne,  Loth. — Unless 
from  Isl.  boginn,  curvus,  or  Dan.  bugn-e, 
to  bend,  as  respecting  its  form  ;  1  can 
offer  no  conjecture  as  to  the  origin. 

BOYNFU',  s.  The  fill  of  a  tub  or  milk- 
vessel,  S. 

BOING,  s.  The  act  of  lowing  or  bellowing, 
S.     V.  etymon  under  Bu,  Bue. 

BQlS,adj.  Hollow.  V.  Bos. 

BOISERT,  s.  A  louse,  Ettr.  For.— Germ. 
beissen,  to  bite,  or  beiss,  a  bite,  and  art ; 
q.  of  a  biting  nature. 

BOISSES.     V.  Boss.     Knox's  Hist. 

*  To  BOIST,  Boast,  c  a.  To  threaten,  to 
endeavour  to  terrify,  S.  Douglas. — C.B. 
bost-io,  to  vaunt  one's  self  ;  bost,  vaunt- 
ing ;  boez,  boss,  elevation. 

BOIST,  Bost,  s.   Threatening,  S.   Wallace. 

BOIST,  s.  Box  or  chest.  Aberd.  Reg. 
V.  Buist. 

BOIT,  s.  1.  A  cask  or  tub  used  for  the  pur- 
pose of  curing  butcher-meat,  or  for  hold- 
ing it  after  it  is  cured  ;  sometimes  called 
a  beef-boat,  S.  2.  Used  as  equivalent  to 
E.  butt.  Ruddiman. — Germ,  butte;  Ital. 
botte,  id.,  whence  E.  butt.  Su.G.  byttia, 
situla,  cupa  ;  Teut.  botte,  id.  dolium,  orca, 

BOIT,  Boyt,  Boitt,s.  A  boat.  Aberd.  Reg. 

BOITSCH1PPING,  s.  Apparently  a  com- 
pany belonging  to  a  boat.     Aberd.  Reg. 

To  BOITT,  r.  n.  To  enter  into  a  boat ;  to 
take  boat;  S.  to  boat.  Acts  Ja.  VI. — 
Teut.  boot,  scapha,  limbus,  cymba. 

BOYTOUR,Butter,s.  The  bittern.  ActsJa. 
VI.— O.E.  buttour;  Belg.  buttoor,  a  bird. 

To  BOK,  Bock,  r.a.  1.  To  vomit,  S.  Gaican 
and  Gol.  2.  To  retch,  to  incline  to  puke. 
S.  3.  To  belch,  (eructare,)  S.— A.Bor. 
boke,  boick,  to  nauseate,  to  be  ready  to 
vomit  ;  booac,  to  retch,  to  keck,  ibid. 
Perhaps  from  A.S.  lealc-an,  eructare.  It 
however  has  greater  resemblance  of  puke, 
to  which  no  etymon  has  been  assigned. 

BOK,  Bock,  Bocking,  s.  The  act  of  retch- 
ing, S.     Gait.     Cleland. 

BOKEIK,  s.  Bopeep,  a  game.  The  word 
is  now  inverted  ;  as  keckbo,  q.v.  Lyndsay. 

BOKS,  "Comer  teeth,"  Gl*.  Sibb. 
Maitland  Poems, 

To  BOLD1N,  Boldyn,  r.  n.  1.  To  swell 
in  a  literal  sense.  Douglas.  2.  Trans- 
ferred to  the  mind,  as  denoting  pride, 
courage,  wrath,  &c.    Pitscottie. 

BOLUIN,  Boulden,  part.  pa.  swelled. — 
This  is  softened  into  boicdin,  bowden,  S. 
Often  in  the  pret.  and  part,  it  is  written 
bolnys,  swells,  (Doug.  V.)  and  bolnyt.  I 
hesitate  whether  these  are  contr.  from 
boldinnys,  boldinnyt,  or  the  v.  in  another 
form,  more  nearly  resembling  Su.G.  buln-a 
Dan.  bul-ner.  Su.G.  bul-na,  bulg-ia,  id. 
bolginn,  swollen.  Hence  Isl.  bilgia,  Su.G. 
bol'gia,  a  billow  ;  because  it  is  raised  by 
the  wind  ;  and  bolda,  a  boil,  a  tumour. 
Gael,  builg-am  to  swell,  bui/g,  a  blister. 

BOLE,  s.   A  square  aperture,  &c.   V.  Boal. 

BOLE,  s.  A  bull;  corresponding  to  taurus. 
Fordun. — Isl.  bauli,  taurus,  from  baul-a; 
Su.G.  boel-a,  mugire,  whence  also,  baul, 

BOLGAN,  s.  A  swelling  that  becomes  a 
pimple  ;  the  same  with  Boi/an,  Roxb. 

BOLGAN  LEAVES,  Nipplewort,  an  herb, 
S.B.  Lapsana  communis,  Linn. — Perhaps 
from  Isl.  bolg-a,  tumere,  or  Su.G.  bolginn, 
swollen,  q.  "  swelling  leaves,"  as  being 
supposed  by  the  vulgar  in  S.  to  be  effica- 
cious in  removing  swellings. 

To  BOLYN,  r.  n.  To  lay  tack  aboard. 
Maitland  Poems.— O.Fr.  bolin-er,  to  sail 
by  a  wind,  or  close  upon  a  wind. 

BOLL.     Lintseed  Boll.     V.  Bow. 

BOLLIT,  pret.  Perhaps,  knocked  on  the 
head.— Belg.  boll-en,  id. ;  Teut.  bculije, 
supplicium,  tormentum. 

BOLLMAN,  s.  A  cottager,  Orkn.  Statist. 
Ace. — Perhaps  from  Su.G.  Isl.  bol,  villa, 
and  man,  q.  the  inhabitant  of  a  village. 
It  is  always  pronounced  bowman. 

BOLME,  ^.  A  boom,  a  waterman's  pole. 
Douglas. — Gzxm.baum,  Belg.ioom,  a  tree. 

BOLNYNGjS.    Swelling.    Uenrysone.    V. 


BOLNIT.     V.  Boldin. 

BOLSTER,  s.  That  part  of  a  mill  in  which 
the  axletree  moves,  S. 

BOMACIE,  s.  Perhaps,  thunder;  thunder- 
storm, Ayrs. 

BOMARISKIE,  ?.  An  herb,  the  roots  of 
which  taste  exactly  like  licorice  ;  per- 
haps the  Astragalas  glycyphillus  of  Linn. 
Upp.  Clydes. 

BOMBESIE,  s.  Bombasiu ;  a  stuff.  Acts 
Ja.  VI. 

BOMBILL,  s.  Buzzing  noise  ;  metaph. 
used  for  boasting.  Policart — Teut.  bom- 
mele,  a  drone. 

BOMESPAR,  ?.  A  spar  of  a  larger  kind. 
Su.G.  bom  signifies  obex,  vectis,  a  bar  or 
spar  for  a  gate,  or  for  shutting  in  ;  Teut. 
boom,  Germ,  baum,  id. 

BOMILL,  s.  Perhaps,  a  cooper's  instru- 
ment, q.  wimble.     Aberd.  Reg. 

To  BOMMLE,  r.  n.  To  work  confusedly, 
Ayrs.    Picken.    V.  Bumjiil,  i\ 



BON.    Borrowed,  begged; "  He  that  trusts 
to  bon  ploughs,  will   have   his  land  lye 
lazy,"  S.  Prov.— Isl.  bon,  gratis  acceptio, 
ineudicatio  ;  Su.G.  boen,  preces.     Hence, 
perhaps,  E.  boon. 
BON,s.  Apparentlv,bane,  injury.   Wallace. 
BON  ACCORD,  s.      1.  Agreement,  amity. 
2.  A  term  which  seems  to  have  been  for- 
merly used  by  way  of  toast,  as  expressive 
of  amity  and  kindness.     Spalding. — Fr. 
bon,  good,  and  accord,  agreement. 
BONALAIS,  Bonailie,  Bonnaillie,  s.   A 
drink  taken  with  a  friend,  when  one  is 
about  to  part  with  him  ;  as  expressive  of 
one's  wishing  him  a  prosperous  journey, 
S.     Wallace— It  is  now  generally  pron. 
bonaiUie,S.     Boncdais  might  seem  to  be 
the  plur.    But  perhaps  it  merely  retains 
the  form  of  Fr.  Bon  alien. 
BONDAGE,  Bonn-age,  s.     The  designation 
given  to  the  services  due  by  a  tenant  to 
the  proprietor,  or  by  a  cottager  to  the 
farmer,  Angus.     Aor.  Sure.  Klncard. 
BONDAY  WARKIS.     The  time  a  tenant 
or  vassal  is  bound  to  work  for  the  pro- 
prietor.   V.  Bonnage,  .«. 
BONE,  s.  A  petition,  a  prayer.    Dour/las, 
O.E.  id.  Isl.  baen,  precatio,  oratio  ;  boon, 
petitio,  gratis   acceptio,  mendicatio,   G. 
Andr.     A.S.  ben,  bene,  id. 
BONETT,s.   "A  small  sail,  fixed  to  the 
bottom  or  sides  of  the  great  sails,  to  ac- 
celerate the  ship's  way  in  calm  weather." 
Gl.  Compl.     Douglas— Fr.  bonnette,  Sw. 
bonet,  id. 
BON-GRACE,  s.     1.  A  large  bonnet  worn 
by  females.     2.  A  coarse  straw-hat,  of 
their  own  manufacture,  worn  by  the  fe- 
male peasantry,  Roxb.    Guy  Mannering. 
BONIE,  Bonye,  Boiranr,  adj.  1.  Beautiful, 
pretty,  S.      Maitland  Poems.     Boniest, 
most  beautiful.    Montgomerie.     2.  It  is 
occasionally  used  ironically,  in  the  same 
way  with  E.  pretty,  S.    Priests  of  Peblis. 
3.  Precious,  valuable.      Minstrelsy  Bor- 
der.    Bonny  is  used  in  the  same  sense  by 
Shakspeare,  and  since  his  time  by  some 
other  E.  writers.     But  I  suspect  that  it 
is  properly  S.     Johnson  derives  it  from 
Fr.  bon,  bonne,  good.  This  is  by  no  means 
satisfactory  ;  but  we  must  confess  that 
we  cannot  substitute  a  better  etymon. 
BONYNES,  Bonnyness,  s.     Beauty,  hand- 
someness.    Philotus.     Herd's  Coll. 
BONK,s.  Abank.  Douglas.— Probably  corr. 
from  A.S.  bene.    Isl'buuga,  however,  sig- 
nifies tumor  terrae. 
BONKER,  s.     A  bench,  &c.     V.  Bunker. 

BONNACK  0'  KNAESHIP.     A   certain 

duty  paid  at  a  mill,  Ayrs.     This  is  the  |  BONSPEL,  Bonspeili. 

bonnack  due  to  the  servant.  V.  Knawship. 
BONNAGE,  s.     An  obligation,  on  the  part 

of  the  tenant,  to  cut  down  the  proprietor's 

corn.     Statist.  Ace. — Evidently  a  corr.  of 

Bondaqe,  q.v. 
BONNAGE-HEUK, .«.    A  tenant  bound  by 


the  terms  of  his  lease  to  reap,  or  use  his 
hook,  for  the  proprietor  in  harvest,  Aberd. 
BONNAGE-PEATS,  s.  pi.     Peats  which, 
by  his  lease,  a  tenant  is  bound  to  furnish 
to  the  proprietor,  ib. 
BONNAR,s.  "A  bond,"  Gl.  Popular  Ball. 
BONNET.    V.  White  Bonnet. 
BONNET.     Blue  Bonnet.     This,  in  former 
times,  in  Teviotdale  at  least,  was  used  as 
a  charm,  especially  for  warding  off  the 
evil  influence  of  the  fairies.      "  An  un- 
christened  child  was  considered  as  in  the 
most  imminent  danger,  should  the  mo- 
ther, while  on  the  straw,  neglect  the  pre- 
caution of  having  the  blue  bonnet  worn 
by  her  husband   constantly  beside   her. 
When  a  cow  happened  to  be  seized  with 
any  sudden  disease,  (the  cause  of  which 
was  usually  ascribed  to  the  malignant 
influence  of  the  fairies,)  she  was  said  to 
be  elf-shot  ;  and  it  was  reckoned  as  much 
as  her  life  was  worth  not  to  '  dad  her  wi' 
the  blue  bonnet.'  '  It's  no  wordie  a  dad  of 
a  bonnet,'  was  a  common  phrase  when  ex- 
pressing contempt,  or  alluding  to  any- 
thing not  worth  the  trouble  of  repairing." 
—Edin.  Mag.,  April,  1820. 
To  Fill  one's  Bonnet.    To  be  equal  to  one 
in  any  respect ;  as,  "  He'll  ne'er  fill  his 
bonnet,"  he   will  never  match  him,  S. 
Old  Mortality. 
To  Rive  one's* Bonnet.     To  excel  one  in 
every  respect.    "  May  he  rive  his  fathers 
bonnet!"  May  he  be  superior  to  his  father; 
or  father-better. 
BONNET-FLEUK,  s.     The  Pearl,  a  fish. 

NeilPs  List  of  Fishes. 
BONNET-LAIRD,  Bannet-Laird,  s.     A 
yeoman  ;  one  who  farms  his  own  land. 
Synon.  Cock-Laird.     The  Entail. 
BONNET-PIECE,  s.    A  gold  coin  of  James 
V. ;  so  called,  because  on  it  the  King  is 
represented  wearing  a  bonnet.  Monastery. 
BONNY,  Bonie  o't.     A  small  quantity  of 
anything.    "  The  bonie  o't,"  Renfr.  Roxb. 
BONNILIE,  adv.    Beautifully,  S.    Bums. 
BONNY-DIE,  s.    1.  A  toy;  a  trinket,  Loth. 
Antiquary.    2.  Applied  to  money,  as  ha- 
ving the  influence  of  a  gewgaw  on  the 
eye.     Heart  Mid-Loth.     V.  Die. 
BONNIE   WALLIES,  s.  pi.     Gewgaws. 

The  Pirate.    V.  Waly,  s.  a  toy. 
BONNIVOCHIL,  s.     The  Great  Northern 

Diver,  Colymbus  glacialis,  Linn. 
BONNOCK,"?.  A  sort  of  cake,  Ayrs.  Burns. 

Synon.  Bannock. 

BONOCH,  8.    "  A  binding  to  tie  a  cow's 

hind  legs  when  she  is  a-milking."   Kelly. 

BONOUR,  s.    Perhaps,  bond.    V.  Bonnar. 

1.  A  match  at 

archery.     Pitscottie.     2.  A  match,  at  the 

diversion  of  curling  on  the  ice,  between 

two  opposite  parties,  S.    Graeme.     3.    A 

match  of  any  kind  ;  as  at  golf,  foot-ball, 

or  even  at  fighting,  Aberd. — Belg.  bonne, 

a  village,  a  district,  and  spel,  play  ;  be- 



cause  the  inhabitants  of  different  villages 
or  districts  contend  with  each  other  in 
this  sport,  one  parish,  for  example,  chal- 
lenging another.  Or,  the  first  syllable 
may  be  traced  to  Su.G.  bonde,  an  hus- 
bandman. Stat.  Ace.  P.  Muirkirk.    V. 


BONTE,  s.  A  thing  useful  or  advantageous; 
a  benefit.— Fr.  id.    Bellenden. 

BONXIE,  s.  The  name  given  to  the  Skua 
Gull,  Shetl.    Neill. 

BOO,  Bow,  s.  A  term  sometimes  used  to 
denote  a  manor-house,  or  the  principal 
farm-house,  or  a  village,  in  conjunction 
with  the  proper  name,  Ang. — Su.G.  60, 
Isl.  bu,  boo,  domicilium,  a  house  or  dwel- 
ling, also,  a  village  ;  Moes.G.  buua,  id. 
In  the  Orkney  Islands,  where  the  Gothic 
was  long  preserved  in  greater  purity  than 
in  our  country,  the  principal  farm-house 
on  an  estate,  or  in  any  particular  district 
of  it,  is  in  a  great  many  instances  called 
the  Boll  or  Bow.    Barry. 

BOODIE-BO,  s.  A  bugbear ;  an  object  of 
terror,  Aberd.     Synon.  Bu,  Boo. 

BOODIES,  pi.  Ghosts,  hobgoblins,  Aberd. 
Journal  Bond. — It  might  be  deduced 
from  A.S.  boda,  a  messenger,  from  bod- 
kin, to  declare,  to  denounce.  But  it 
seems  to  be  rather  originally  the  same 
with  C.B.  bugudhai,  hobgoblins,  Gael, 
bodach,  a  ghost.     Waterley. 

To  BOOFF,  v.  a.  To  strike,' properly  with 
the  hand,  so  as  to  produce  a  hollow  sound, 

BOOFF,  s.  A  stroke  causing  a  hollow  sound, 
ibid.     Baff  synon.     V.  Buff,  r.  and  s. 

BOOHOO.  An  interjection  expressive  of 
contempt,  accompanied  with  a  projection 
of  the  lips,  Roxb. 

BOOHOO,  s.  Iwouldnagi'e  a  booh 00 for  you, 

To  BOOHOO,  r.  n.  To  show  contempt  in 
the  mode  described  above,  ibid. — Belg. 
boha,  a  noise,  a  boast. 

BOOIT,  g.     A  hand-lanthorn.     V.  Bowet. 

To  BOOK,  Beuk,  v.  a.  To  register  a  couple 
in  the  kirk-session  records  for  the  procla- 
mation of  the  banns,  S.     Gait. 

BOOKING,  s.  This  act  of  recording  is 
termed  the  booking,  Fife. 

BOOL,  s.  A  semicircular  handle,  &c.  Bool 
of  a  pint-stoup.     V.  Boul. 

BOOL,  s.  A  contemptuous  term  for  a  man, 
especially  if  advanced  in  years.  It  is 
often  conjoined  with  an  epithet  ;  as,  "  an 
auld  600/,"  an  old  round  or  corpulent 
fellow,  S.— Su.G.  bol,  the  trunk  of  the 
body,  as  distinguished  from  the  head  and 

To  BOOL,  Bule,  r.  n.  1.  To  weep,  in  a 
childish  manner,  with  a  continued  hum- 
ming sound,  Roxb.  2.  To  sing  wretch- 
edly, with  a  low,  drawling  note.  Hogg. 
— Isl.  baul-a ;  Su.G.  bol-a,  mugire ;  Sw. 
boel-a,  to  low,  to  bellow. 

BOOL-HORNED,  adj.  Perverse,  obstinate, 
inflexible,  S.  apparently  from  the  same 
origin  with  Bools. — Boolie-horned,  Bor- 
der, and  W.  of  S.  A.Bor.  buckle-horns, 
short  crooked  horns  turned  horizontally 

BOOL  of  a  Key.  The  round  annular  part 
of  a  key,  by  means  of  which  it  is  turned 
with  the  hand,  S. 

BOOLS  of  a  pot,  s.  pi.  Two  crooked  instru- 
ments of  iron,  linked  together,  used  for 
lifting  a  pot  by  the  ears,  S.  ;  also  called 
clips.— Teut.  boghel,  numella  ;  Germ,  ba- 
gel, anything  that  is  circular  or  curved. 

BOOLYIE,  ».  A  loud  threatening  noise, 
like  the  bellowing  of  a  bull,  Ettr.  For. 
Apparently  of  the  same  origin  as  the  r. 
Bool ;  the  E.  v.  To  Bawl,  seems  a  cog- 
nate term. 

BOON  of  Lint.    V.  Bune. 

BOON  of  Sheai-ers.  A  band  of  reapers  ; 
as  many  as  a  farmer  employs,  Dumfr. 
Loth. —  Isl.  buandi,  ruricola,  buanda, 
cives,  from  bu-a,  habitare  ;  Su.G.  bo,  id. 

BOON-DINNER,  s.  The  dinner  given  on 
the  harvest-field  to  a  band  of  reapers,  S. 
Blackw.  Mag. 

BOONER,  adj.  Upper,  Loth.  (Compara- 
tive degree.) 

BOONERMOST,  adj.  Uppermost.  (Su- 
perlative.) Jacobite  Belies.  V.  Boonmost. 

BOONMOST,  adj.  Uppermost,  S.  pron. 
bunemist.  Boss. — A.S.  bufan,  bufan, above, 
and  most. 

BOORICK,  s.  A  shepherd's  hut.  V.  Bour- 


BOOST,  v.  imp.  Behoved.  V.  Boot,  v.  imp. 

BOOST,  s.  A  box.     V.  Buist. 

BOOT,  Bout,  s.  A  sieve,  Roxb.  Appa- 
rently corr.  from  E.  bolt,  to  sift,  whence 
bolter,  a  sieve. 

BOOT,  But,  Bold,  Bit,  Bud,  Boost,  v. 
imp.  Behoved,  was  under  a  necessity  of, 
S.  ;  He  boot  to  do  such  a  thing  ;  he  could 
not  avoid  it.  It  bit  to  be ;  it  was  neces- 
sary that  this  should  take  place.  Boss. 
Burns. — Bus  and  bud  occur  in  the  same 
sense  in  Ywaine  and  Gawin.  Most  pro- 
bably it  is  a  corr.  of  behoved,  Belg.  behoeft. 

BOOT-HOSE,  s.  pi.  Coarse,  ribbed  worsted 
hose,  without  feet,  fixed  by  a  flap  under 
the  buckle  of  the  shoe,  and  covering  the 
breeches  at  the  knee  ;  formerly  worn  in- 
stead of  boots,  S.  Synon.  Gramashcs. 
Heart  Mid-Loth. 

BOOTYER,  s.    A  glutton.    V.  Byoutour. 

BOOTS,  Bootes,  s.  pi.  An  instrument  of 
torture  formerly  used  in  S. ;  being  a  kind 
of  iron  boot  in  which  the  leg  was  placed 
and  into  which  wedges  were  driven  to 
extort  confession  of  criminality.  Crook- 
shank's  Hist. 

BOOTIKIN,  s.    Diminutive  of  the  above. 

BOOZY,  adj.    Bushy.    V.  Bouzy. 

BOR,  Bom,  Bore,  s.  1.  A  small  hole  or 
crevice  ;  a  place  used  for  shelter,  espe- 



cially  by  smaller  animals,  S.  SirTristrem.  I 
2.  An  opening  in  the  clouds,  when  the 
sky  is  thick  and  gloomy,  or  during  rain, 
is  called  a  blue  bore,  S.  It  is  sometimes  ' 
used  metaph.  Baillie.  3.  To  tak  in,  or 
up  a  bore,  to  begin  to  reform  one's  con- 
duct, Mearns.  ;  synon.  with  "  turning 
over  a  new  leaf. " — Su.G.  Germ,  bor, 
terebra  ;  Isl.  bora,  foramen ;  A.S.  bor-lan, 
to  pierce. 

BORAGE  GROT,  s.     A  kind  of  groat,  or 
fourpenny  piece,  formerly  current  in  S. 
Perhaps  so  denominated  from  the  use  of  j 
borax  as  analloy. — Teut.6om<7ie,buglossa.  : 

BORAL,  Borale,  Borell,  s.  A  wimble  ; 
an  instrument  for  boring,  one  end  of  j 
which  is  placed  on  the  breast,  Teviotd.  j 
Hence  called &breast-bore,Clydes. — -Su.G.,  ■ 
Isl.  bor,  terebrum,  whence  bora,  the  orifice  j 
made,  from  bor-a,  perforare  ;  Teut.  boor- 
en,  id. 

BORAL  HOLE,  s.      A  hole  made  by  a  | 
wimble,  Selkirks.     Hogg. 

BORAL-TREE,s.  The  handle  of  a  wimble,  j 

To  BORCH,  Borgh,  v.  a.  To  give  a  pledge 
or  security  for ;  to  bail.     Wallace. 

BORCH,  Borgh,  Bowrch,  Borow,  s.  1. 
A  surety.  The  term  properly  denotes  a 
person  who  becomes  bail  for  another,  for 
whatever  purpose.  Wallace.  2.  A  pledge; 
anything  laid  in  pawn.  Barbour. — The 
term  occurs  in  both  senses  in  O.E.  A.S. 
borg  borh,  fide-jussor ;  also,  foenus  ;  Germ. 
burge,  a  pledge.— Su.G.  borgen,  suretiship. 
Ihre  derives  Su.G.  and  Isl.  borg-a,  to  be- 
come surety,  from  berg-a,  a  periculo  tueri, 
to  protect  from  danger.  The  idea  is  cer- 
tainly most  natural :  For  what  is  sureti- 
ship, but  warranting  the  safety  of  any 
person  or  thing  1 

Lattin  to  Borgh.  Laid  in  pledge.  Lattin 
is  the  part.  pa.  of  the  r.  Lot,  to  let ;  to 
lay. — Teut.  laeten  zijn,  ponere. 

To  Strek,  or  Stryk  a  Borgh.  To  enter 
into  suretiship  or  cautionary  on  any 
ground.     Acts  Ja.  I. 

BORD,  s.  1.  A  broad  hem  or  welt,  S.  2. 
The  edge  or  border  of  a  woman's  cap,  S. 
— Fr.  bord ;  Belg.  boord,  a  welt,  a  hem, 
or  selvage  ;  Isl.  bard, bord,  the  extremity 
or  margin. 

BORD  ALEXANDER,  s.  A  kind  of  cloth 
manufactured  at  Alexandria  and  other 
towns  in  Egypt. 

Monthis  Bord,  .*.  Apparently  the  ridge 
or  longitudinal  summit  of  a  mountain. — 
Isl.  bord,  a  margin  or  extremity. 

BORDEL,  s.  A  brothel,  Dunbar.— Fr. 
bordel,  id.;  Su.G.  A.S.  bord,  a  house.  The 
dimin.  of  this,  Hire  says,  was  L.B.  bordell- 
vm,  bordil-e,  tuguriolum,  cujus  generis 
quum  olim  meretricum  stabula  essent. 

B(  1RDELLAR,  s.  A  haunter  of  brothels. 

BORE,  «.     A  crevice.    V.  Bor. 


BORE"S  (or  BOAR'S)  EARS,  s.  pi.  The 
name  given  to  the  Auricula,  S.B.  Pri- 
mula auricula,  Linn. — A  bear  is  called  a 
boar,  S.,  especially  S.B. 

BOREAU,  s.     An  executioner.     V.  Burio. 

BORE-TREE,   s.      Sambucus   nigra.      V. 


BORGCHT,s.    A  surety.    Aberd.  Beg.  V. 


BORGH,  s.     A  surety.    V.  Borch. 

BORN.  Wallace. — Burn  may  have  some 
affinity  to  Isl.  borgun;  Su.G.  borgen,  sure- 
tiship ;  q.  one  under  contract  or  obliga- 

BORNE-DOWN,  part.  adj.  Depressed  in 
body,  in  mind,  or  in  external  circum- 
stances, S. 

BORN-HEAD,  adv.  Straight  forward  in 
an  impetuous  manner,  Ettr.  For.  ;  synon. 
Horn-head.    Ferils  of  Man. 

BORNE-HEAD,  adj.  Headlong ;  furious, 
Fpp.Clydes. — Perhaps  from  Teut.  bor-en ; 
A.S.  baer-en,to\\ere,  levare,  prae  se  ferre  ; 
A.S.  boren,  part,  pa.,  q.  with  the  head 
borne,  or  carried  before,  or  pushing  for- 
ward, like  a  butting  ox. 

BORNE-MAD,  adj.  Furious.  Upp.  Clydes. 

BORNSHET,  s.  A  composition  for  protec- 
tion from  being  plundered  by  an  army. 
Monro's  Exped. — Teut.  borgh-en,  in  tu- 
tum  recipere,  servare.  Perhaps  formed 
from  Sw.  borgen,  bail,  security,  and  skatt- 
a,  to  rate,  to  value ;  or  Teut.  borgh-en, 
and  schatt-en,  to  tax,  whence  schatting, 

BOROW,  s.  1.  A  surety.  2.  A  pledge. 
Aberd.  Reg.     V.  Borch. 

BORRA,  Borradh,  s.  A  congeries  of  stones 
covering  cells,  about  G  feet  long,  4  broad, 
and  4  or  5  feet  high,  Highlands  of  S. 

BORRAL  TREE,  s.  Supposed  the  Bour- 
tree,  or  common  elder,  as  boys  bore  it  for 
their  popguns. 

BORREL,  s.  An  instrument  for  piercing  ; 
a  borer,  S.A.     Bates.     V.  Boral. 

BORRET,  s.  A  term  anciently  given  to 
bombasin  in  S.— Belg.  borat,  "  a  certain 
light  stuff  of  silk  and  fine  wool,"  Sewel. 

To  BORROW,  Borw,  o.  a.  1.  To  give  secu- 
rity for  ;  applied  to  property.  Wyntoicn. 
2.  To  become  surety  for  ;  applied  to  a 
person.    Baron  Courts. — Su.G.  borg-a,  id. 

To  BORROW  one,  to  urge  one  to  drink, 
Ang.  Perhaps  from  borg-cn,  to  pledge. 
When  one  pledges  another  in  company,  he 
engages  to  drink  after  him;  and  in  ancient 
times  it  was  generally  understood,  that 
he  who  pledged  another,  was  engaged  to 
drink  an  equal  quantity. 

BORROWGANGE,  Borrowgang,  p.  A 
state  of  suretiship.  Beg.  Maj.  —  Su.G. 
edgaang,  laggaang,  are  rendered  by  Ihre, 
actus  jurandi,  from  gaa,  ire  ;  borrowgange 
may  thus  be  merely  the  act  of  going  or 
entering  as  a  surety. 

BORROWING    DAYS.     The   last    three 


days  of  March,  Old  Style,  S.  Cvuiplaynt  S. 
— These  days  being  generally  stormy,  our 
forefathers  have  endeavoured  to  account 
for  this  circumstance,  by  pretending  that 
March  borrowed  them  from  April,  that  he 
might  extend  his  power  so  much  longer. 
Those  who  are  much  addicted  to  super- 
stition will  neither  borrow  nor  lend  on 
any  of  these  days,  lest  the  articles  bor- 
rowed should  be  employed  for  the  pur- 
poses of  witchcraft  against  the  lenders. 
Some  of  the  vulgar  imagiue,  that  these 
days  received  their  designation  from  the 
conduct  of  the  Israelites  in  borrotcing  the 
property  of  the  Egvptians. 

BORROW-MAILL, Burrow-Mail,*.  An- 
nual duty  payable  to  the  Sovereign  by  a 
burgh  for  enjoying  certain  rights.  Acts 
Ja.  VI.     V.  Mail,  tribute. 

BORROWSTOUN,  s.  A  royal  borough,  S. 

BORROWSTOUN,  adj.  Of  or  belonging 
to  a  borough,  S. 

BOS,  Boss,  Bois,  adj.  1.  Hollow,  S.  Dou- 
glas. "  A  boss  sound,"  that  which  is 
emitted  by  a  body  that  is  hollow,  S.  2. 
Empty.  A  shell,  without  a  kernel,  is  said 
to  be  boss.  The  word  is  also  used  to  de- 
note the  state  of  the  stomach  when  it  is 
empty,  or  after  long  abstinence,  S.  Mori- 
son.  3.  In  the  same  sense,  it  is  metaph. 
applied  to  a  weak  or  ignorant  person. 
One  is  said  to  be  "  nae  boss  man,"  who 
has  a  considerable  share  of  understand- 
ing, S.B.  Ramsay.  4.  Applied  to  a  per- 
son emaciated  by  internal  disease.  5.  A 
large  window  forming  a  recess  ;  a  bay 
window,  or  bote  window.  Pitscottie.  6. 
Poor;  destitute  of  worldly  substance,  S.B. 
Ross. — Teut.  bosse,  umbo. 

BOSKIE,  adj.  Tipsy,  Loth.— Teut.  buys, 
ebrius,  buys-en,  poculis  iudulgere. 

BOSKILL,  s.  An  opening  in  the  middle  of 
a  stack  of  corn,  made  by  pieces  of  wood 
fastened  at  the  top,  Roxb.  Syn.  Fause- 
house.  Perhaps  from  its  resemblance  to 
a  kiln,  or  kill,  in  form,  and  having  nothing 
within  it ;  q.  a  boss  or  empty  kill. 

BOSS,  Boce,  s.     Anything  hollow.     Burel. 

BOSS  of  the  Side,  the  hollow  between  the 
ribs  and  the  haunch,  S. 

BOSS  of  the  Body.  The  forepart,  from 
the  chest  downwards  to  the  loins ;  a 
phrase  now  almost  obsolete,  S. 

BOSS,  Boiss,  s.  1.  A  small  cask.  Pitscottie. 
2.  It  seems  to  denote  a  bottle,  perhaps 
one  of  earthen  ware,  such  as  is  now  vul- 
garly called  a  gray-beard.  Dunbar.  3. 
In  pi.  bosses,  buisses,  a  term  of  contempt, 
conjoined  with  auld,  and  applied  to  per- 
sons of  a  despicable  or  worthless  charac- 
ter. Knox. — From  Fr.  boire,  to  drink, 
whence  boisson,  drink,  or  busse,  a  cask  for 
holding  wines. 

BOSSINS,  s.  Vacancies  in  corn-stacks, 
for  the  admission  of  air  to  preserve  the 



grain  from  being  heated,  Lauarks.    From 
Boss,  hollow.     V.  Fause-house. 

BOSSNESS,s.  l.Hollowness,S.  2.  Emp- 
tiness, often  applied  to  the  stomach,  S. 

BOT,  conj.  But,  often  confounded  with 
but,  prep,  signifying  without.  Douglas. — 
A.S.  butan,  buton,  are  used  precisely  as 
S.  but,  without. 

BOTAND,  But-axd,  prep.  Besides.  Percy. 

BOTAND,  adv.  1.  But  if  ;  except.  Bar- 
bour. 2.  Moreover  ;  besides.  Maitland, 
Poems. — In  the  latter  sense,  it  is  from 
A.S.  butan,  praeter. 

BOTANO,  s.  A  piece  of  linen  dyed  blue. 
Fr.  boutant,  a  stuff  which  is  made  at 

BOTCARD,  s.  A  sort  of  artillery  used  in 
S.  in  the  reign  of  Ja,  V.  Pitscottie. — The 
same  instruments  seem  to  be  afterwards 
called  battars,  ib.  Fr.  bastarde, "  a  demie- 
cannon,  or  demie-culverin;  a  smaller  piece 
of  any  kind,"  Cotgr. 

BOTE,  Bute,  s.  1.  Help  ;  advantage  ;  E. 
boot,  Doug.  2.  Compensation  ;  satisfac- 
tion ;  Acts  Pari.  pass. — A.S.  bote,  id., 
from  bet-an,  emendare,  restaurare  ;  Belg. 
boete,  a  fine,  a  penalty. 

Kin-bote,  compensation,  or  "  assithment  for 
the  slaughter  of  a  kinsman ;"  Skene,  Verb. 
Sign. — A.S.  cyn,  cognatio,  and  bote. 

Man-bote,  the  compensation  fixed  by  the 
law  for  killing  a  man,  according  to  the 
rank  of  the  person.  Ib. — A.S.  man-bot,  id. 

Theift-bote,  compensation  made  to  the  king 
for  theft.     Reg.  Maj. 

To  BOTHER,  r.  n.  To  make  many  words. 

BOTHER,  s.  The  act  of  teasing  or  rally- 
ing, by  dwelling  on  the  same  subject,  S. 

To  BOTHER,  Bather,  r.  a.  To  teaze  one 
by  dwelling  on  the  same  subject,  or  by 
continued  solicitation,  S.  Perhaps  the 
same  with  E.  Pother. 

BOTHIE,  Booth,  Buith,  s.  A  shop  made 
of  boards ;  either  fixed  or  portable,  S. 
Douglas. —  Hence  the  Luckenbooths  of 
Edinburgh,  wooden  shops,  made  for  being 
locked  up.  Teut.  boede,  bode,  domuncula, 
casa,  Kilian  ;  Su.G.  bod,  taberna  merca- 
torum,  apotheca  ;  Isl.  bud,  id.  V.  Lucken. 

BOTHIE,  Boothie,  s.  1.  A  cottage ;  often 
used  to  denote  a  place  where  labouring 
servants  are  lodged,  S.  Neill.  2.  It 
sometimes  denotes  a  wooden  hut.  Ja- 
cobite Relics. — Su.G.  bod,  a  house,  a  cot- 
tage ;  Gael,  bothag,  bothan,  a  cot. 

BOTHIE-MAN,  s.  Equivalent  to  E.  hind, 
and  borrowed  from  the  circumstance  of 
hinds  inhabiting  bothies,  Berths. 

BOTHNE,  Bothene,  s.  1.  A  park  in  which 
cattle  are  fed  and  enclosed.  Skene.  2. 
A  barony,  lordship,  or  sheriffdom.  Assis. 
Reg.  Dae. — L.B.  bothena,  baronia,  aut 

BOTINYS,  5.  Pl.  Buskins ;  Gl.  Sibb.— Fr. 
botine,  cothurnus.     V.  Bolting. 




BOTION,  8.  Botching,  Dunifr.  Mayne's 
Siller  Gun. 

make  up  straw  into  small  parcels,  bottles, 
or  u-indlins,  S.  Battle  is  the  pron.  of 
Loth.— Fr.  botel-er,  to  make  into  bundles. 

BOTTLE-NOSE,  s.  A  species  of  whale,  S. 
Orkn.    Statist.  Ace. 

*  BOTTOM,  s.  The  breech ;  the  seat  in  the 
human  body,  S.     V.  Boddum. 

BOTTOM-ROOM,  s.  The  name  vulgarly 
given  to  the  space  occupied  by  one  sitter 
in  a  church,  S.  When  one's  right  to  a 
single  seat  is  expressed,  it  is  said  that 
one  "has  a  bottom-room  in  this  or  that 
pew."     The  Provost. 

BOTTREL,adj.  Thick  and  dwarfish,  Aberd. 

BOTTREL, ».  A  thickset,  dwarfish  person, 
ibid. — Fr.  bouterolle,  the  shape  of  a  scab- 
bard, the  tip  that  strengthens  the  end  of 
it ;  Isl.  but-r,  truncus,  but-a,  truncare. 

BOTWAND,  s.  Perhaps  a  rod  of  autho- 
rity or  power ;  from  Germ,  bot,  power, 
and  wand,  a  rod.  Or  boticand  may  be 
the  rod  of  a  messenger,  from  A.S. ;  Su.G. 
bod,  a  message  ;  A.S.  bod-ian ;  Su.G. 
bod-a, nuntiare. — In  ancient  times,  among 
the  Gothic  nations,  when  the  men  cap- 
able to  bear  arms  were  summoned  to  at- 
tend their  general,  a  messenger  was  sent, 
who  with  the  greatest  expedition  was 
to  carry  a  rod  through  a  certain  district, 
and  to  deliver  it  in  another ;  and  so  on, 
till  all  quarters  of  the  country  were 
warned.  This  rod  had  certain  marks  cut 
on  it,  which  were  often  unknown  to  the 
messenger,  but  intelligible  to  the  princi- 
pal persons  to  whom  he  was  sent.  These 
marks  indicated  the  time  and  place  of 
meeting.  The  rod  was  burnt  at  the  one 
end,  and  had  a  rope  affixed  to  the  other ; 
as  intimating  the  fate  of  those  who  should 
disobey  the  summons,  that  their  houses 
should  be  burnt,  and  that  they  should 
themselves  be  hanged.  This  was  called, 
Su.G.  budkafie,  from  bud,  a  message,  and 
kafle,  [S.  cavel]  a  rod.  The  Croistara,  or 
fire-cross,  anciently  sent  round  through 
the  Highlands,  was  a  signal  of  the  same 
BOUCHT,  Bought,  s.  A  curvature,  or  bend- 
ing of  any  kind,  S.  "  The  bought  of  the 
arm,"  the  bending  of  the  arm  at  the  el- 
bow. Journ.  Loud.  Where  the  sea  forms 
a  sort  of  bay,  it  is  said  to  have  a  bought, 
S.  Bight,  E. — A.S.  bogeht,  arcuatus, 
crooked  ;  bug-an,  to  bend  ;  Germ,  bug, 
sinus  ;  bucht,  curvatura  litoris,  Wachter. 
To  BOUCHT,  Bought,  v.  a.  To  fold  down, 
S.— Isl.  bukt-a;  Teut.  buck-en,  flectere, 
curvare.  Hence, 
blanket  laid  across  a  feather-bed,  and 
tucked  up  under  it  on  both  sides  to  pre- 
vent it  from  spreading  out  too  much,  as 
well  as  to  secure  the  occupier  of  the  bed 


against  the  chillness  of  the  tick,  or  any 
dampness  contracted  by  the  feathers,  S. ; 
called  also  a  Bindinq-Blanket. 
BOUCHT-KNOT,  «.  A  running  knot  ;  one 
that  can  easily  be  loosed,  in  consequence 
of  the  cord  being  doubled,  S. 
BOUCHT,  Bought,  Bucht,  Bught,  s.  LA 
small  pen,  usually  put  up  in  the  corner  of 
the  fold,  into  which  it  was  customary  to 
drive  the  ewes  when  they  were  to  be 
milked  ;  also  called  ewe-bucht,  S.  Dou- 
glas. 2.  A  house  in  which  sheep  are  en- 
dosed,  Lanarks. ;  an  improper  sense.  Stat. 
Ace.  3.  A  square  seat  in  a  church  ;  a 
table-seat,  S.  Bucht-seat,  id.,  Aberd. — 
Teut.  bocht,  bucht,  septum,  septa,  inter- 
septum,  sepimentum  clausum. 

To  BOUCHT,  Bought,  v.  a.  1.  To  enclose 
in  a  fold  ;  properly  ewes  for  milking,  S. ; 
formed  from  the  s.  Boss.  2.  To  enclose 
by  means  of  a  fence  or  for  shelter,  Renfr. 

BOUCHT-CURD.  The  droppings  of  the 
sheep  that  frequently  fall  into  the  milk- 
pail,  but  are  taken  out  by  the  ewe-milkers, 

BOUCHTING-TIME,  Boughting-Time,  s. 
That  time  in  the  evening  when  the  ewes 
are  milked.     Herd's  Coll. 

To  BOUFF,  v.  a.  To  beat,  Fife.  It  seems 
merely  a  variety  of  Buff,  f>.  a.    V.  Boof. 

To  BOUFF,  Bowf,  r.  n.  1.  To  bark,  Loth. 
Aberd.  Applied  to  the  hollow  sound 
made  by  a  large  dog,  Fife ;  syn.  Wouff 
and  Youff.  This  is  opposed  to  Yaffing, 
which  denotes  the  barking  of  a  small 
dog.  2.  To  cough  loud,  Aberd.  It  is 
often  conjoined  with  the  v.  to  Host. 

BOUFF,  Bowf,  g.  1.  The  act  of  barking, 
2.  A  loud  cough,  Aberd. 

BOUGARS,  s.  pi.  Cross  spars,  forming 
part  of  the  roof  of  a  cottage,  used  instead 
of  laths,  on  which  wattling  or  twigs  are 
placed,  and  above  these  divots,  and  then 
the  straw  or  thatch,  S.  Chr.  Kirk. — 
Lincolns.  bulkar,  a  beam  ;  Dan.  biaelke, 
pi.  bielcker,  beams.  Su.G.  bialke,  a  small 
rafter,  tigillum,  in  Westro-Goth.  is  writ- 
ten bolkur. 

BOUGAR-STAKES,  s.  pi.  The  lower  part 
of  couples,  or  rafters,  that  were  set  on  the 
ground  in  old  houses,  Teviotd.  V.  Bou- 

BOUGAR-STICKS,  Strong  pieces  of 
wood  fixed  to  the  couples,  or  rafters,  of  a 
house  by  wooden  pins. 

BOUGE.  Bougis,pl.  Perhaps  some  kind 
of  coffers  or  boxes,  like  Fr.  bougette,  from 
bouge,  a  budget,  or  great  pouch.— Teut. 
boeqie,  bulga. 

BOUGER,  s.  A  sea-fowl  and  bird  of  pas- 
sage of  the  size  of  a  pigeon,  found  in  St. 
Kilda  and  the  other  Western  Isles,  where 
it  is  called  Coulterneb.  Martin's  St.  Kil- 
da.— Perhaps  from  Isl.  bugr,  curvatura, 
as  the  upper  jaw  is  crooked  at  the  point. 


BOUGHT,  t.  The  name  given  to  a  fishing- 
line  in  Shetland  of  about  fifty  fathoms. — 
Dan.  bugt,  a  winding,  the  line  being  so 
termed  from  its  forming  a  coil  on  being 
wound  up.    V.  Boucht,  a  curvature. 

BOUGHTIE,  Bughtie,  s.  A  twig  ;  dim. 
of  E.  Bough,  Ayrs.     Picken. 

BOUGIE,  s.  A  bag  made  of  sheep-skin, 
Shetl—  Moes.G.  balg ;  Su.G.  baelg,  uter. 

BOUGUIE,  s.  A  posy ;  a  nosegay,  Ayrs. 
— Fr.  bouquet,  id. 

BOUK,  s.  A  lie  made  of  cows'  dung  and 
stale  urine  or  soapy  water,  in  which  foul 
linen  is  steeped,  in  order  to  its  being 
cleansed  or  whitened,  S.  Perhaps  ori- 
ginally from  A.S.  buce  ;  Isl.  buk-ur,  ven- 
ter, alvus,  from  the  lie  being  composed  of 
animal  excrements ;  for  iu  Teut.  buyck-en, 
lintea  lixivio  purgare,  retains  the  precise 
form  of  buyek,  venter.  As,  however,  linens 
are  frequently  beat  with  a  wooden  mallet 
to  be  cleansed,  others  have  derived  this 
word  from  Su.G.  buck-a  ;  Belg.  beuck-en, 
to  beat  or  strike. 

BOUKING- WASHING,  Boukit-washing, 
s.  The  great  annual  purification  of  the 
family  linen  by  means  of  this  lie,  S. 
Heart  Mid-Loth. 

BOUCKING,  s.  The  quantity  of  clothes 
bucked  at  one  time.  Hogg's  Brownie  of 

To  BOUK,  r.  a.  To  steep  foul  linen  in  lie 
of  this  kind.  To  bouk  claise,  S.  Glen- 

BOUK,  Buik,  s.  1.  The  trunk  of  the  body, 
as  distinguished  from  the  head  or  ex- 
tremity, S.  A  bouk  of  tauch,  all  the  tal- 
low taken  out  of  an  ox  or  cow,  S.  Germ. 
bauch  von  talge,  id.  A  bouk  louse,  one 
that  has  been  bred  about  the  body. — Teut. 
beuck,  truncus  corporis.  2.  The  whole 
body  of  a  man,  or  carcass  of  a  beast,  S. 
Douglas.  3.  The  body,  as  contradis- 
tinguished from  the  soul.  B.  Bruce.  4. 
Size,  stature,  S.  bulk;  Boukth,  bulk,  Gl. 
Lancash.  /.  JYicol.  5.  The  greatest 
share,  the  principal  part,  S.  Cleland. 
6.  The  whole  of  any  bale,  cask,  or  as- 
sortment of  goods. 

To  Break  Buik.  To  open  goods  and  use  a 
portion  of  them.     Aberd.  Reg. 

To  BOUK,  p.  n.    To  bulk,  S.     Hence, 

BOUKIT,  Bowkit,  Bowked,  part.  jsa.  1. 
Large,  bulky  ;  S.  Douglas.  2.  Boukit 
and  muckle-boukit  are  used  in  a  peculiar 
sense  ;  as  denoting  the  appearance  which 
a  pregnant  woman  makes,  after  her  shape 
begins  to  alter. 

Little-Boukit,  part.  adj.  1.  Small  in 
size ;  puny,  S.  2.  Thin ;  meagre,  S.  3. 
Of  little  consideration,  regard,  or  conse- 
quence ;  applied  to  persons  only,  Aberd. 

Muckle-Boukit,  part.  adj.  1.  Large  in 
size,  S.  2.  Denoting  the  appearance  which 
a  pregnant  woman  makes,  &c. — Bouky, 
may  be  originally  the  same  with  Su.G. 



bukig,  obesus,  qui  magnum  abdomen  ha- 

BOUKSUM,  Buksum,  Bouky,  adj.  l.Of 
the  same  sense  with  Boukit,  S.  Poems 
Buchan  Dialect.  2.  Honourable  ;  pos- 
sessing magnitude  in  a  moral  sense.  R. 

BOUKE,  s.  A  solitude.  Sir  Gaican  and 
Sir  Gal. — A.S.  buce,  secessus,  "  a  soli- 
tary and  secret  place,"  Somner. 

BOUL,  Bool,  Bule,  s.  1.  Any  thing  that 
is  of  a  curved  form  ;  as,  "  the  boot  of  the 
arm,"  when  it  is  bent,  i.  e.  the  curvature; 
synon.  bought,  S.  2.  The  round  holes  in 
scissors  in  which  the  thumb  and  finger 
are  put,  &c.  V.  Bools.  3.  A  semicircu- 
lar handle ;  as  that  of  a  bucket  or  pot, 
&c,  S. 

BOUL  o'  a  Pint-stoup,  Bool  of  a  Tea-kettle; 
the  handle  of  either  of  these  vessels.  To 
come  to  the  hand  like  the  boul  o'  a  pint- 
stoup,  a  proverbial  expression,  indicating 
any  thing  that  takes  place  as  easily  and 
agreeably  as  the  handle  of  a  drinking 
vessel  comes  to  the  hand  of  a  tippler. 
Gl.  Antiquary. 

BOULDEN,  part.  pa.    Swelled ;  inflated. 


BOULE,  "Round,"  Rudd.  Douglas.— 
Teut.  bol,  tumidus,  turgidus  ;  or  boghel, 
beughd,  curvatura  semicircularis,  from 
bogli-en,  arcuare. 

BOULE,  s.  A  clear  opening  in  the  clouds 
in  a  dark,  rainy  day,  prognosticating  fair 
weather ;  a  gap  ;  a  break. — C.B.  bolch 
and  btvlch,  a  break,  a  breach  ;  or  perhaps 
a  peculiar  use  of  Boal,  Bole,  a  perfora- 

BOULENA.  A  sea  cheer,  signifying,  Hale 
up  the  bowlings.     Complaynt  S. 

BOULENE,  s.  The  same  with  E.  boidine. 
A  rope  fastened  to  the  middle  part  of  the 
outside  of  a  sail.  Complaynt  S. — Sw. 
bog-Una,  id.  from  bog  flexus. 

BOULTELL  RAINES.  Bridle-reins  of 
some  kind. — Perhaps  from  O.Fr.  boulletie, 
combat,  joute  ;  q.  such  reins  as  were  used 
in  tournaments. 

BOUN,  Boune,  Bown,  adj.  Ready,  pre- 
pared, S.  Barbour. — Bone  is  used  in  the 
same  sense,  O.E. — Su.G.  bo,  bo-a,  to  pre- 
pare, to  make  ready  ;  Isl.  bu-a,  id.  Boeh 
or  boin  is  the  part.  pa. 

To  BOUN,  Bown,  v.  a.  1.  To  make  ready, 
to  prepare.  Wallace.  2.  To  go,  to  di- 
rect one's  course  to  a  certain  place.  Sir 

BOUND,  Bund,  part.  pa.  Pregnant. 
Douglas. — Germ,  entbund-en,  to  deliver, 
entbunden,  brought  to  bed  ;  literally  un- 

BOUNDE,  s.  Meaning  doubtful.  Act. 
Dom.  Cone. 

To  BOUNDER,  v.  a.  To  limit ;  to  set 
boundaries  to,  Roxb. — L.B.  bon-are,  bund- 
are,  metas  figere. 




To  BOUNT,  8.  n.     To  spring,  to  bound- 
Fr.  bovd-ir,  id.     Buret. 

BOUNTE,  s.     Worth,  goodness.     Barhoiu 
— Fr.  bonte,  id. 

BOUNTETH,  Bountith,  s.  1.  Something 
given  as  a  reward  for  service  or  good 
offices.  Watson's  Coll.  2.  It  now  gen- 
erally signifies  what  is  given  to  servants, 
in  addition  to  their  wages,  S  ;  bounties, 
S.B.  Ramsay. — Gael,  bunntais,  seems 
merely  a  corr.  of  this  word. 

BOUNTREE,  s.    Common  elder.  V.  Bour- 


BOUNTREE-BERRIES,  s.  pi.  The  fruit 
of  the  elder,  from  which  elderberry  wine 
is  made,  S.A. 

BOUR,  Boure,  s.  A  chamber  ;  sometimes 
a  retired  apartment,  such  as  ladies  were 
wont  to  possess  in  ancient  times.  Dou- 
glas.— A.S.  bur,  hire,  conclave,  an  inner 
chamber,  a  parlour,  a  bower. — Teut.  buer, 
id.  Dan.  buur,  conclave,  Su.G.  Isl.  bur, 
habitaculum.  —  Isl.  jungfrubur,  gynae- 
ceum,  ubi  olim  filiae  familias  habitabant ; 
literally,  the  young  lady's  bower.  Hence 
bour-bourding,  jesting  in  a  lady's  cham- 
ber, Pink. 

BOURACH,  Bowrock,  Boorick,  s.  1 .  An 
enclosure  ;  applied  to  the  little  houses 
that  children  build  for  play,  especially 
those  made  in  the  sand,  S.  Kelly.  "  We'll 
never  big  sandy  boicrocls  together."  S. 
Prov.  Kelly.  2.  A  small  knoll,  as  dis- 
tinguished from  a  brae,  Selkirks.  Hogg. 
3.  A  shepherd's  hut,  Galloway.  4.'  A 
small  heap  of  stones,  Clydes.  V.  Borra. 
5.  A  confused  heap  of  any  kind,  S.B. 
Such  a  quantity  of  body-clothes  as  is 
burdensome  to  the  wearer,  is  called  a 
bourach  of  claise,  Ang.  Statist.  Ace.  6. 
A  crowd,  a  ring,  a  circle,  S.B.  Poems 
Buchan  Dialect.  7.  A  cluster,  as  of 
trees,  S.  Ferguson. — A.S.  beorh,  burg, 
an  enclosure,  a  heap  ;  Su.G.  borg. 

BOURACH'D,  Burracii'd,  part.  pa.  En- 
closed, environed,  S.B.     Boss. 

To  BOURACH,  r.  re.  To  crowd  together 
confusedly,  or  in  a  mass,  S.;  syn.  Crowdle. 

BOURACH,  Borracii,  s.  A  baud  put 
round  a  cow's  hinder  legs  at  milking,  S. 
Gael,  buarach. 

BOURBEE,  s.  The  spotted  Whistle  fish, 
S.     Sihbald. 

To  BOURD,  r.  h.  To  jest,  to  mock,  S. 
Ramsay. — Fr.  bourd-er,  id.  But  this 
seems  to  be  merely  an  abbrev.  of  bthourd- 
ir,  bohord-er,  to  joust  together  with  lances. 
Bohord,  behord,  is  originally  a  Gothic 
word,  as  being  used  by  old  Northern 

BOURD,  Boure,  s.  1.  A  jest,  a  scoff,  S. 
Kelly.  Hoidate.  2.  In  "  Gordon's  His- 
tory of  the  Earls  of  Sutherland"  it  is  used 
to  denote  a  fatal  encounter,  called  the 
Bourd  of  Brechen. 

BOURIE,  s.    A  hole  made  in  the  earth  by 

rabbits,  or  other  animals  that  hide  them- 
selves there  ;  E.  a  burrow.  Monroe. — 
From  the  same  origin  with  Bourach. 

BOURTREE,  Boretree,  Bountree,  s. 
Common  elder,  a  tree  ;  Sambucus  nigra, 
Linn.  ;  A.Bor.  Burtree.  Lightfoot.  —  It 
seems  to  have  received  its  name  from  its 
being  hollow  within,  and  thence  easily 
bored  by  thrusting  out  the  pulp. 

BOURTREE-BUSH,  s.  A  shrub  of  elder. 
Liqlits  and  Shadows. 

BOURTREE,  Bountry-gux,  s.  A  small 
air-gun  made  of  a  twig  of  elder  with  the 
pith  taken  out :  a  pellet  of  wet  paper 
being  forced  up  the  tube,  and  another  put 
in  and  pushed  up  towards  it,  the  com- 
pressed air  between  the  two  drives  out 
the  first  with  an  explosion.  Blackw.  Mag. 

BOUSCHE,  s.  The  sheathing  of  a  wheel. 
V.  Bush. 

BOUSHTY,s.  Expl."bed."  Aberd.  Shir- 
refs. — The  same  with  Buisty,  q.  v. 

BOUSTER,  s.     The  bolster  of  a  bed,  S.  V. 


BOUSTOUR,  Bowstowre,  s.  A  military 
engine,  anciently  used  for  battering  walls. 
Wyntown. — Su.G.  byssa,  bossa,  signifies  a 
mortar,  an  engine  for  throwing  bombs  ; 
Bombarda,  Hire ;  formerly  byssor ;  from 
byssa,  theca,  a  box,  or  case  ;  because  in 
these  tubes,  as  in  cases,  bullets  are  lodged. 

BOUSUM,  Bowsom,  adj.  1.  Pliant,  trac- 
table. Palice  of  Honour. — A.S.  bocsum, 
buhsum,  obediens,  tractabilis,  from  bug-an, 
Belg.  buyg-en,  flectere.  2.  "  Blythe, 
merry,"  Rudd. 

To  BOUT,  Bowt,  r.  n.  To  spring,  to  leap, 
S.  "  bouted  up"  Rudd.  vo.  upboltit.  Ross. 
Lyndsay. — Teut.  botten,  op-bott-en,  to  re- 
bound, resilire. 

BOUT,  s.  A  sudden  jerk  in  entering  or 
leaving  an  apartment  ;  a  hasty  entrance 
or  departure  ;  the  act  of  coming  upon 
one  by  surprise  ;  S. 

BOUT,  s.  1 .  The  extent  of  ground  mowed, 
while  the  labourer  moves  straight  for- 
ward ;  the  rectangle  included  in  the 
length  of  the  field  to  be  mowed,  and 
the  sweep  of  the  scythe,  S.  2.  Corn  or 
hay,  when  cut  by  the  scythe,  and  lying 
in  rows,  is  said  to  be  "  lying  in  the  bout," 
Mearns.  3.  The  act  of  going  once  round 
in  ploughing,  S.B.  Agr.  Surv.  Intern. 
4.  As  much  thread,  or  anything  similar, 
as  is  wound  on  a  clew,  while  the  clew  is 
held  in  one  position,  S. — Fr.  bout,  a  term 
denoting  extent,  or  the  extremity  of  any- 

BOUT-CLAITH,  g.  Cloth  of  a  thin  tex- 
ture. The  name  is  probably  borrowed 
from  the  primary  use  of  the  cloth  in  bolt- 
ing or  boulting  Hour. — From  Fr.  blut-er, 
contraction  from  belut-er,  to  bolt. 

BOUTEFEU,s.  An  incendiary.  Guthry's 
Mem.  If  not  from  bout-er,  to  push  for- 
ward, perhaps  from  Su.G.  bot-a,  reparare  ; 



A.S.  bet-an,  whence  a  word  of  similar 
formation  with  Boute-feu  Fyrbeta,  a  ser- 
vant who  lias  charge  of  the  fire. 

BOUTGATE,  s.  1.  A  circuitous  road,  a 
way  which  is  not  direct,  S.  from  about, 
and  gait  way.  Ross.  2.  A  circumven- 
tion, a  deceitful  course,  S.  R.  Bruce. 
3.  An  ambiguity,  or  an  equivocation,  in 
discourse.     Bp.  Forbes. 

BOUTOCK,  s.  A  square  piece  of  coarse 
cloth  for  covering  one's  shoulders,  Orkn. 
— Dan. bow,Su.G.bog, denotes  the  shoulder 
of  an  animal,  and  Isl.  tog,  the  coarser  part 
of  a  fleece.  Or  Norw.  b'oete,  a  lap  or  frag- 
ment of  cloth. 

BOUVRAGE,  s.  Drink  ;  beverage.— Fr. 

BOUZY,  Bowsie,  Boozy,  adj.  1.  Covered 
with  bushes ;  wooded,  Roxb.  2.  Having 
a  bushy  appearance  ;  commonly  applied 
to  animals  that  are  covered  with  hair  or 
wool.  Remains  Kith.  Song.  3.  Branchy; 
spreading ;  applied  to  trees,  &c,  which 
have  a  spreading,  umbrageous  head,  La- 
narks.  4.  Big;  swelling;  distended;  ex- 
panded, Loth.  5.  Fat  and  overgrown, 
having  at  the  same  time  a  jolly,  good- 
humoured  appearance.  This  term  may 
be  merely  a  corr.  of  Bushy,  or  the  more 
ancient,  Boskti. — Sw.  busk'uj,  id. 

BOUZY-LIKE*  adj.  Having  the  appear- 
ance of  distension  or  largeness  of  size. 
A  pregnant  woman  whose  shape  is  con- 
siderably altered,  is  said  to  be  grown 
bouzy-like,  Loth. 

BOW,s.  Aboil  ;  a  dry  measure,  S.  Monroe. 

BOW,  Boll,  Lintbow,  s.  The  globule 
which  contains  the  seed  of  flax.  Bow  is 
the  pron.  S.  Pol  wart. — Germ,  boll,  id. 
oculus  et  gemma  plantae,  caliculus  ex 
quo  flos  erumpit  ;  Wachter. 

BOW,  Bowe,  .«.  1.  The  herd  in  general; 
whether  enclosed  in  a  fold  or  not.  Dou- 
glas. 2.  A  fold  for  cows,  S.  Bannatyne 
Poems. — Su.G.  bo,  bu,  either  the  herd  or 
the  flock  ;  armenta,  pecora,  grex  ;  Dan. 
boe,  a  shed,  booth,  or  stall. 

BOW,  s.  As  applied  to  a  house.    V.  Boo. 

BOW,  s.  The  curve  or  bending  of  a  street, 
S.  "  At  the  upper  or  northern  end  of  the 
West-bow  street,  stands  the  public  Weigh- 
house."     Mankind's  Hist.  Edin. 

BOW,  s.  A  rude  instrument  of  bent  wil- 
low, formerly  used  for  an  ox-collar, 
Aberd. — Belg.  boei,  a  shackle  ;  Teut. 
boghel,  numella,  a  yoke  or  collar,  from 
boghe,  a  bow. 

BOW,  s.  1.  An  arch,  a  gateway,  S.  Knox. 
2.  The  arch  of  a  bridge,  S.  Muses  Thre- 
nodie. — Teut.  boghe,  id.  arcus,  concame- 
ratio  ;  from  bogh-en,  flectere  ;  A.S.  bog-a, 
"  An  arch  of  a  bridge  or  other  building ;" 

BOW-BRIG,  p.  An  arched  bridge  ;  as  dis- 
tinguished from  one  formed  of  planks,  or 
of  long  stones  laid  across  the  wa  ter,  Aberd. 


BO W-HOUGH'D,  adj.  Bow-legged,  Aberd. 

BOW-HOUGHS,  s.  pi.  Crooked  legs, 

BOW-KAIL,  s.  Cabbage,  S.  So  called  from 
the  circular  form  of  this  plant.  For  the 
same  reason  its  Belg.  name  is  buyskool. 

BOW-KAIL,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to  cab- 
bage, S.     Burns. 

BOW-STOCK,  .9.  Cabbage.  "  A  bastard 
may  be  as  good  as  a  bow-stock,  by  a  time;" 
S.  Prov.     Kelly. 

BOW-SAW,  s.  A  thin  and  very  narrow 
saw,  fixed  in  a  frame,  and  used  for  cut- 
ting figured  work,  S. — Teut.  boghe-saghe, 
serrula  arcuaria. 

BO W ALAND,  part.  pr.  Making  to  bulge, 
Aberd.  Reg. — Teut.  buyl-en,  protuberare. 

BO  WALL,  s.  A  square  aperture  in  the 
wall.     Aberd.  Reg.     V.  Boal. 

BO  WAND,  adj.  Crooked.  Douglas.— A.S. 
buqend,  id. 

BO  WAT.  s.     A  hand-lantern.     V.  Bowet. 

BOWBARD,  s.  A  dastard,  a  person  desti- 
tute of  spirit.  Douglas. — Teut.  boeverjt, 
nequitia.  Or,  shall  we  rather  view  it  as 
originally  the  same  with  Bumbart,  q.  v.  ? 

BOWBERT,  adj.  Lazy,  inactive.    Douglas. 

BOW'D,  Bovt'^part.  adj.  Crooked.  Burns. 

BOWDDUMYS,  s.  pi.  Bottoms.  Aberd. 

BOWDEN,  part.  pa.    Swollen.   V.  Boldin. 

BOWDING,s.  Swelling.  MelvilVsMS.  V. 

BOWELHIVE,  s.  An  inflammation  of  the 
bowels,  to  which  children  are  subject,  S. 
V.  Hive,  t.    Pennecuik. 

BOWEN,  s.  A  broad  shallow  dish  made 
of  staves,  for  holding  milk,  Perths. 

BOWER,  ?.  A  bowmaker,  S.;  bowyer,  E. 
Acts  Cha.  I. 

BOWERIQUE,  s.  Improper  spelling  of 
Bourick,  or  Bourach,  q.  v.  Remains 
Kith.  Song. 

BOWES  and  Billes.  A  phrase  used  by 
the  English,  in  former  times,  for  giving 
an  alarm  in  their  camp  or  military  quar- 
ters ;  q.  "  To  your  bows  and  battleaxes." 

BOWET,  Bow  at,  .«.  1.  A  hand-lantern, 
S.  Bowit.  A.Bor.  Apb.  Hamiltoun.  2. 
Metaph.  transferred  to  the  moon,  as  sup- 
plying light  to  those  who  were  engaged 
in  nocturnal  adventures.  Hence,  Macfar- 
lane's  Boteat.  Waverley. — Perhaps  from 
Fr.  bougette,  a  little  coffer  ;  if  not  allied 
to  bougie,  a  small  wax-candle  ;  or,  boete, 
boi'tte,  boite,  a  small  box. 

BOWGER,  s.  The  puffin,  or  coulter-neb,  a 
bird  ;  Alca  arctica,  Linn.     Martin. 

BOWGLE,?.  A  wild  ox,  a  buffalo.  "Beu-gle, 
or  bugle,  a  bull,  Hants."  Grose.  Dunbar. 
— La't.  bucul-us,  a  young  ox.  Hence 

BOWIE,  s.  1.  A  small  barrel  or  cask, 
open  at  one  end  ;  S.  Ferguson.  2.  It 
denotes  a  small  tub  for  washing,  S.     3. 



It  also  sometimes  signifies  a  milk-pail,  S. 
Ramsay.  4.  A  water-bucket  with  an  iron 
or  wooden  bow-handle. — Fr.  bide,  a  water- 
pot  or  pitcher,  Cotgr.  Hence, 
BOWIEFU',  s.  1.  the  fill  of  a  small  tub, 
S.  J.  Nicof.  2.  The  fill  of  a  broad 
shallow  dish  ;  properly  one  for  holding 
milk.  Hogg. 
BOWIK,  s.  The  carcass  of  a  beast.  Aberd. 

Reg.  V.  Bo uk,  Buik. 
BOVVIN.  To  take  a  farm  in  a  boirin,  to 
take  a  lease  of  a  farm  in  grass,  with  the 
live  stock  on  it ;  the  stock  still  remaining 
the  property  of  the  landholder,  or  person 
who  lets  it,  Ayrs. — Isl.  buin,  paratus, 
"  in  a  state  of  preparation,"  the  land 
being  under  cultivation,  and  stocked  ;  or 
from  Su.G.  bo,  bu,  cattle,  whence,  S. 
bowe,  the  herd;  also  a  fold  for  cattle. 
.  V.  Steel-bow. 

BOW1T,  part.  pa.  Secured  ;  enlisted.  Per- 
haps a  metaph.  use  of  Teut.  bowet,  ghe- 
bowet,  aedificatus ;  q.  built  in  or  incorpo- 
rated in  the  same  band. 
BOWIT  and  SCHAFFIT.  Provided  with 
bows  and  arrows.  Pari.  Ja.  I.  Schaf- 
fit  is  evidently  from  schafe,  i.  e.,  a  sheaf 
of  arrows. 
To  BOWK,  t.  n.  To  retch  ;  to  puke,  Roxb. 

V.  Bok,  Bock. 
BOWKE,  s.     Bulk.     Hence, 
To  Brek  Bowke.     To  break  bulk  ;  to  sell, 
remove,  or  make  use  of  any  part  of  a 
package,  &c,  of  goods.     V.  Bouk,  Buik. 
To  BOWL,  v.  a.  and  n.     To  boil  ;  the  vul- 
gar pron.  of  Fife  and  some  other  counties. 
BOWL  of  a  Pint-stoup.     V.  Boul,  s. 
To  BOWL,  v.  n.     To  crook,  Dumfr.     Bow- 
land  (below)  is  the  part.  pr.  of  this  r. 
BOWLAND,  part.  adj.     Hooked,  crooked. 
Douglas. — Teut.  boghel-en,  arcuare.  Bow- 
land  is  just  the  part.  pr.  boghelend,  contr. 
BOWLDER-STANE,  s.     A  name  given  by 
road-makers  to  large,  single  stones  found 
in  the  earth,  Perths.     V.  Bullet-stane. 
BOWLED-LIKE,  adj.      Crooked-like,  or 
bowed,    Selkirks.       Hogg. — Dan.   boeyel, 
crookedness,  boyelig,  flexible. 
BOWLER,  s.     A   kettle   or   boiler,   Fife. 
This   approaches   to   the   sound   of    Fr. 
bouill-ir;  Hisp.  bull-ir ;  Goth,  bull-a,  id. 
BOWLIE,    Boolie,    adj.       Crooked,   de- 
formed ;      Buolie-backit,     humpbacked  ; 
sometimes  applied  to  one  whose  shoul- 
ders  are  very  round,  S.     Gait. — Germ. 
bucMig,   Dan.   bugelt,  id.  from    bugle,  a 
bunch  or  hump  ;  and  this  from   bug-en, 
to  bend  ;  Dan.  boe yel,  crookedness,  boeye- 
lig,  flexible.     V.  Beugle-backed. 
BOWLIE,  s.     A  term  of  derision  for  a  per- 
son who  is  bow-legged,  Dumfr. 
BOWLOCHS,  s.  pi.    Ragweed,  Senecio  ja- 

cobaea,  Wigtons. — Gael,  buaghallan,  id. 
BOWLS,  s.  pi.     A  name  commonly  given 
to   the  games   of  Taw,  &c,  which   are 
played  with  small  bowls  called  Marbles. 


To  BOWN,  r.  a.  To  make  ready.  V- 
Boun,  r. 

BOWRUGIE,s.  Burgess  ;  the  third  estate 
in  a  Parliament  or  Convention  ;  in  re- 
semblance of  Fr.  bourgeois.     Wallace. 

BOWS,  s.  pi.  To  take  one  through  the 
Bows,  to  call  one  to  a  severe  reckoning, 
Aberd.  In  allusion,  perhaps,  to  the  pun- 
ishment of  the  stocks. — Teut.  boeye,  com- 
pes,  vinculum  pedis. 

BOWS,  8.  pi.  An  old  name  for  sugar-tongs 

BOWS  of  Lint.     V.  Bow,  Boll. 

BOWSIE,  adj.     Crooked,  S.— Fr.  bossu,  id. 

BOWS  IE,  s.  A  designation  given  in  ridi- 
cule to  a  crooked  person,  Dumfr. 

BOWSIE,  adj.   Large  ;  bushy.    V.  Bouzy. 

BOWSTAR,  Bouster,  s.  The  bolster  of  a 
bed,  S.     Bowster,  Aberd.  Reg. 

BOWSTING,  s.  Apparently  a  'pole  to  be 
used  as  a  bow.    Aberd.  Reg.     V.  Sting. 

BOWSUNES,  s.  Obedience.'  Wyntown  — 
A.S.  bocsumnesse,  obedientia.  V.  Bousum. 

BOWT,  s.  1.  A  bolt,  a  shaft  ;  in  general. 
C/iron.  S.  Poet.  2.  A  thunderbolt,  S. 
Ross.     3.  An  iron  bar.     Inventories. 

BOWT,  s.  Boict  of  worsted ;  as  much 
worsted  as  is  wound  upon  a  clew  while  it 
is  held  in  one  position.  Aberd.  Reg.  V. 

BOWTING  CLAITH,  s.  Cloth  of  a  thin 
texture.     V.  Boutclaith. 

To  BOX,  r.  a.  To  wainscot,  to  panel  walls 
with  wood,  S. 

BOXING,  s.  Wainscoting;  Sir  J.Sinclair, 
p.  170,  S. 

BOX-BED,  s.  1.  Abed  having  the  sides 
and  top  of  wood,  with  swo  sliding  panels 
for  doors,  S.  2.  It  also  denotes  a  bed  in 
the  form  of  a  scrutoire,or  chest  of  drawers, 
in  which  the  bed-clothes,  &c,  are  folded 
up  during  the  day,  S.;  called  also  a  Bu- 

BOX-DRAIN,  s.  A  drain  in  which  the 
stones  are  carefully  laid,  so  that  there 
may  be  a  regular  opening  for  the  water, 

BRA,  Brae,  Bray,  s.  1.  The  side  of  a 
hill,  an  acclivity,  S.  Barbour.  2.  The 
bank  of  a  river,  S.  Breea,  A.Bor.  id. 
3.  A  hill,  S.  Ross.  4.  Conjoined  with 
a  name,  it  denotes  the  upper  part  of  a 
country  ;  as  "  Bra-mar,  Bra-Cat,  the 
Braes  of  Angus ;  S.  Sir  J.  Sinclair. — 
To  gae  down  the  brae,  metaph.  to  be  in  a 
declining  state,  in  whatever  sense  ;  to 
have  the  losing  side,  S.  Baillie's  Lett. — 
C.B.  bre,  a  mountain,  pi.  breon,  bryn  ; 
Gael,  bre,  bri,  brigh,  a  hill.  Isl.  braa,  ci- 
lium,  the  brow  ;  whence  augnabraa,  the 
eyebrow  ;  and  bratt  signifies  steep,  hav- 
ing an  ascent. 

BRA',  adj.     Fine  ;   handsome  ;  pleasant  ; 

worthy.     V.  Braw. 
To  BRA,  v.  n.    1.  To  bray.    2.  To  make  a 
loud  and  disagreeable  noise.    Douglas. 




BRAAL,  8.  A  fragment.  a  There's  nae 
a  braal  to  the  fore,"  There  is  not  a  frag- 
ment remaining,  Ang. 

BRABBLACH,  s.  The  refuse  of  any- 
thing ;  as  of  corn,  meat,  &c.  Fife. — 
Gael,  prabal,  id. 

BRACE,  s.  1.  A  chimney-piece,  a  mantel- 
piece, S.  Train.  2.  A  chimney  made  of 
straw  and  clay,  Ettr.  For.  V.  Bress. 
3.  Window-brace,  that  part  of  a  window 
on  which  the  sash  rests,  S. 

BRACE-PIECE,  s.  The  mantel-piece. 

To  BRACEL,  r.  n.  1.  To  advance  hastily 
and  with  noise,  Ettr.  For.  2.  To  gallop, 
ibid.     Synon.  Breessil,  q.  v. 

BRACHE,s.  Rate  ofbr  ache;  source  of  dis- 
sension. Keith's  Hist. — Fr.  breche,bre&ch. 

BRACHELL,  s.  A  dog  ;  properly,  one 
employed  to  discover  or  pursue  game  by 
the  scent.  Brache  is  used  in  the  same 
sense.  Wallace. — Alem.  brak ;  Germ. 
brack,  id.  canis  venaticus,  forte  investi- 
gator ;  O.Fr.  brachez.  Verel.  expl.  Isl. 
rakke,  canis,  deriving  it  from  racka, 
frakka,  cursitare. 

BRACHEN,  (gutt.)  Braikin,  Brecken,  s. 
The  female  fern.  Pteris  aquilina,  Linn. 
Burns.  In  Smoland  in  Sweden,  the  fe- 
male fern  is  called  bracken ;  Sw.  stot- 
braakin,  id.  In  is  a  termination  in  Gothic, 
denoting  the  female  gender  ;  as  caflin, 
an  old  woman,  q.  a  female  carl. 

Royal  Brachens,  s.  pi.  The  flowering 
fern,  S.  Osmunda  regalis,  Linn. ;  or 
rather  Pteris  aquilina.    Lightfoot. 

BRACK,  s.  A  stripe  of  uncultivated 
ground  between  two  shots,  or  plots  of 
land,  Roxb.  Bauk  synon. — Teut.  braeck, 
barren,  braeck-liggen,  to  lie  uncultivated. 

BRACK,  s.  As  said  's  brack,  that  is,  as 
salt  as  brack;  used  to  denote  what  is 
very  salt,  but  confined  to  liquids  or  sor- 
bile  food,  Fife,  Dunifr. — Isl.breke,the  sea. 

BRACK,  s.  LA  quantity  of  snow  or 
earth  shooting  from  a  hill.  2.  A  flood, 
when  the  ice  breaks  in  consequence  of  a 
thaw.  3.  A  sudden  and  heavy  fall  of 
rain,  Ettr.  For. — Allied  to  Isl.  brak-a, 
strepo,  strepito ;  or  Teut.  braecke,  fractura. 

BRACKS,  s.  A  disease  of  sheep.  V. 

BRAD,  part.  pa.    Roasted.  V.  next  word. 

To  BRADE,  r.  a.  To  roast.  Sir  Gaican 
and  Sir  Gal. — A.S.  braed-an,id.braedde, 

To  BRADE,  Braid,  r.  n.  1.  To  move 
quickly,  to  take  long  steps  in  rapid  suc- 
cession. Douglas.  2.  To  spring,  to  start. 
Gawan  and  Gol.  3.  To  break  out,  to 
issue  with  violence.  Douglas.  4.  To 
draw  out  quickly  ;  used  actively,  espe- 
cially with  respect  to  the  unsheathing  or 
brandishing  of  a  sword,  or  other  weapon 
of  this  kind.  Wallace. — Isl.  braad-a,  ac- 
celerare.      At  bregd-a    srerde,    gladium 

evaginare  vel  stringere.— A.S.  braed-an, 

exerere,  stringere. 
BRADE,  Braide,  s.     A  start,  a  spring,  a 

quick  motion  of  the  body.    Dunbar. — Isl. 

breqd,  versura. 
BRADE,  adj. ;  S.     V.  Braid. 
To  BRADE,  Braid,  v.  a.  To  attack,  to  as- 
sault ;  Rudd. — Isl.  bregd-a  marine  nidur, 

sternere  virum. 
To  BRADE,  Braid,  t.  a.     To  turn  round. 

Gawan  and  Gol. — Isl.  bregd-a,  vertere. 
To  BRADE,  Braid,  Brede,  Breed,  v.ii. 

1.  To  resemble,  to  be  like  in  manners  ; 
especially  as  denoting  that  similarity 
which  characterizes  the  same  stock  or 
family  ;  with  the  prep,  of;  as,  "  Ye  breed 
o'  the  gowk  (cuckoo,)  ye  have  ne'er  a 
rime  but  ane,"  S.  Prov.  2.  To  appear, 
to  be  manifest.  Dunbar. — Isl.  bregd-a, 
bregth-a,  Su.G.  braa,  denote  the  resem- 
blance of  children,  in  dispositions,  to  their 
progenitors.  Bregdur  bami  til  aettar, 
progenitoribus  suis  quisque  fere  similis 

To  BRADE,  Braid  up,  r.  a.  "To  braid 
tip  the  head,  to  toss  it  as  a  high-mettled 
horse  does,  or  to  carry  it  high.  Dunbar. 
— A.S.  bred-an,  Belg.  breyd-en,  to  extend. 

BRAE-FACE,  s.  The  front  or  slope  of  a 
hill,  S. 

BRAE-HAG,  s.        )  The  overhanging  bank 

BRAE-HAULD,  s.  \  which  has  been  un- 
dermined by  a  river,  Roxb. — Dan.  hald, 
a  decline,  a  steepness,  a  declivity  ;  Su.G. 
haell-a;  Isl.  hall-a,  inclinare  ;  whence 
E.  heel ;  as,  "the  ship  heels.'" 

BRAE-HEAD,  s.  The  summit  of  a  hill,  S. 

BRAE-LAIRD,  Braes-laird,  s.  A  pro- 
prietor of  land  on  the  southern  declivity 
of  the  Grampians,  S. 

BRAEMAN,  s.  One  who  dwells  on  the 
south  side  of  the  Grampians,  S.  Tarras's 
Poems.    V.  Brayman. 

BRAE-SHOT,  s.  LA  quantity  of  earth 
that  has  fallen  from  a  steep,  Lanarks. 

2.  A  large  sum  of  money,  &c,  to  which 
one  unexpectedly  becomes  heir ;  "  He 's 
gotten  an  awfu'  brae-shot"  Lanarks. — 
From  S.  brae,  and  shot,  corresponding 
with  Teut.  schot,  ejectamentum,  id  quod 

BRAE-SIDE,  Brae-Syd,  s.  The  declivity 
of  a  hill,  S.     Pitscottie. 

BRAEIE,  Brayie,  adj.  Sloping  ;  hilly  ; 
declivous,  S. 

BRAENGEL,  s.  A  confused  crowd,  S. 
St.  Patrick.  Nearly  synon.  with  Bran- 
gill,  q.  v. 

To  BRAG,  v.  a.  1.  To  reproach,  to  up- 
braid. Buddiman.  2.  To  defy,  S.B. 
To  do  or  say  anything  in  defiance  of 
others,  S.  A  boy  climbing  a  tree,  or  the 
like,  is  said  to  do  it  to  brag  his  companions. 
Morison. — Su.G.  brigd-a,  exprobrare  ; 
Isl.  bregd-a,  opprobrare. 



BRAGINGjS.  Boasting.     Gawanand  Gol. 
BRAGGIR,s.     The    broad   leaves  of  the 

Alga  marina.  Martin's  West.  Isl. 
BRAGWORT,  Bregwort,  s.  Mead,  a 
beverage  made  from  the  refuse  of  honey, 
boiled  up  with  water,  and  sometimes 
with  malt,  Fife,  Roxb.  Dumfr. — Braggot, 
Gl.  Lancash.     C.B.  braqod,  id. 

To  BRAY,  r.  a.  1.  To  press  ;  to  squeeze. 
2.  To  push  ;  to  shove,  Aberd. 

BRAY,  s.     A  squeeze,  Aberd. 

BRAID,  s.  Twist  or  plaiting.— A.S.  bred- 
an,  plectere,  to  knit,  to  plait. 

BRAID,  s.  The  cry  of  a  child  when  newly 
born.     Spottisic.  MS.  Diet. 

BRAID,  s.  Assault,  aim  to  strike.  Dou- 
glas.— It  is  used  in  a  similar  sense,  O.E. 
— Isl.  bregd,  nisus,  an  attempt,  an  exer- 

To  BRAID  up  the  burde ;  marked  as  used 
by  James  I.  Perhaps  to  put  up  the 
leaves  of  the  table. 

BRAID,  Brade,«W/.  1.  Broad,  S.  Ritson. 
2.  Plain,  intelligible.  Douglas. — Moes.G. 
Isl.  braid  ;  A.S.  bred,  latus. 

BRAID,  Brade,  adv.  Widely.  Douglas. 

BRAID-BAND,  Broad-Band,  s.  1.  Corn 
laid  out,  in  the  harvest  field,  on  the  band, 
but  not  bound,  is  said  to  be  lying  in 
braid-band,  S.  2.  To  be  laid  in  broad- 
band, metaph.  to  be  fully  exposed.  Z. 
Boyd.  To  Faw  Braid-band,  a  phrase 
used  of  a  young  woman  who  submits  to 
dalliance  without  any  opposition,  Roxb. 

BRA  IDC  AST,  adv.  Sowing  with  the  hand, 
as  opposed  to  drill-sowing,  S. 

BRAlDNES,s.     Breadth. 

BRAIDYE ANE,  s.  Standing  in  the  Braid- 
yeane,  a  punishment  inflicted  at  Ayr  in 
the  sixteenth  century  ;  similar  to  that  of 
the  Juggs,  q.  v. —  Gael,  braighaidain,  a 
collar,  from  braghad,  the  neck. 

To  BRAIK,  r.  ».'  To  retch.  Lyndsay.  V. 

BRAIK,  s.  A  threat,  Douglas.— Isl. 
brak-a,  strepo. 

BRAIK,  Break,  b.  An  instrument  used 
in  dressing  hemp  or  flax,  for  loosening  it 
from  the  core,  S.  Watson's  Coll. — Teut. 
braecke,  id.  malleus  stuparius,  vulgo  lini- 

BRAIK,  s.  An  internal  mortification  ;  a 
disease  among  sheep,  Aug. — Su.G.  braeck, 
a  defect  of  any  kind.     V.  Braxy. 

BRAIKIT,  adj.  Speckled,  S—  Ir.  breac, 
brek,  id. 

BRAYMEN,  s.  pi.  The  name  given  to 
those  who  inhabit  the  southern  declivity 
of  the  Grampian  hills,  S.     D.  Buchanan. 

BRAIN,  3.  Spirit  ;  mettle.  "  He  has  a 
brain  ;"  he  has  a  high  temper,  Loth. 

BRAIN,  g.  Voice.  "  A  braw  brain,"  "  a 
strong  brain,"  a  powerful  voice,  Ang. 

To  BRAIN,  v.  a.  To  hurt ;  to  wound  ;  to 
bruise  ;  not  as  in  E.  "  to  dash  out  the 

To  BRAINDGE,  Brainge,  t.  n.  "  To  run 
rashly  forward,"  S.O.  Burns.  To  do 
anything  hurriedly  and  carelessly. — Shall 
we  view  this  as  an  oblique  sense  of  Belg. 
brins-en,  to  neigh? 

BRAYNE,  Brane,  adj.  Mad,  furious. 
Douglas. — A.S.  brinn-an,  to  burn,  bren, 
bryne,  fervor  ;  whence  bryne-adl,  a  fever; 
Su.G.  brannad,  fervor,  ardor. 

BRAYN-WOD,  Brajse-wod, adj.  l.Mad, 
in  a  state  of  insanity.  Wyntown.  2. 
Acting  with  fury  ;  hurried  on  with  the 
greatest  impetuosity,  South  of  S.  V. 
Brayne  and  Wod. 

BRAINGE,  s.  Confused  haste,  Galloway, 

BRAINY,  adj.  1.  High-mettled  ;  unman- 
ageable ;  applied  to  a  horse,  Loth.  2. 
Spirited  ;  lively  ;  applied  to  a  man,  S.O. 

To  BRAINYELL,  r.  n.  To  rush  up  or  for- 
ward headlong  ;  to  break  forth  violently, 
Roxb.  Hogg. — Perhaps  from  Isl.  bran-a, 
to  be  hurried  on,  or  to  rush  forward  like 
a  goat.  Brainyell  may,  however,  be 
merely  a  provincial  pronunciation  of  the 
r.  to  Brangle. 

BRAINYELL,  s.  The  act  of  rushing 
headlong,  or  doing  anything  hurriedly  or 
violently,  and  without  care,  Ettr.  For. 

BRAIRD,?.  1.  The  first  sprouting  of  grain. 
2.  Figuratively  transferred  to  early  ani- 
mal growth  ;  as, "  That  callan  is  a  fine 
braird  of  a  man,"  Clydes.   V.  Breer. 

BRAIRDIE,  s.  Abounding  with  sprouting 
grain.     Picken. 

BRAIRDS,  s.  pi.  The  coarsest  sort  of  flax. 
V.  Breards. 

To  BRAIS,  v.  a.  To  embrace.  Dunbar. 
— Fr.  bras,  the  arm,  whence  embrace,  q. 
in  arms. 

BRAIS,  s.  pi.  Snares,  gins.  Douglas. — 
A.S.  braegd,  figmentum,  braegden,  fraus  ; 
gebraegdas,  crafts,  frauds,  subtile  con- 
trivances ;  Isl.  Su.G.  bragd,  fraus. 

BRAISE,  Braze,  s.  The  Roach,  a  fish, 
S.  Ure. — Sw.  brazen,  cyprinus  brama, 
bream  ;  Teut.  braessem,  id.  cyprinus 

To  BRAISSIL,  r.  n.  To  work  hurriedly, 
Roxb.     V.  Breessil. 

BRAISSIL,  s.  The  act  of  working  hur- 
riedly or  unequally.  To  Work  by  Brais- 
sils,  to  work  unequally,  making  more  ex- 
ertion at  one  time  than  at  another. 

BRAITH,  adj.  Violent,  severe.  Wallace. 
— Isl.  Su.G.  braede,  ira,  animi  fervor. 

BRAITHFUL,  Breithful,  adj.  Sharp, 
violent.     Douqlas. 

BRAITHLY,atfr.  Violently,  with  great 
force.     Wallace. 

BRAITHLIE,  adj.  The  same  with  Braith- 
ful  ;  or  perhaps  in  the  sense  of  strug- 
gling. Douglas. — Su.G.  bryt-a,  broti-as, 
Isl.  briot-a,  hictare. 

To  BRAK,  r.  n.     To  break  generally,  S.B. 



Boss. — A.S.  brac-an,  id.  Isl.  eg  braaka, 

To  Brak  Bread.  To  taste  food;  to  eat. 
"  He  wadna  brak  bread,"  he  would  eat 
nothing,  S.B. 

To  Brak  Out.  To  block  out ;  to  cut  out 
roughly,  Aberd. 

To  BRAK,  r.  n.  To  express  great  sorrow 
on  any  account.  One  says,  "  I'm  like  to 
brak,"  S.B.— This  is  probably  allied  to 
Isl.  braelc,  brek,  wailing. 

BRAK,  Brake,  adj.  Somewhat  salt, 
brackish.    Douglas. — Belg.  brack,  salsus. 

BRAK,  s.  Breaking  up  ;  as,  the  brak  of  a 
storm;  f/t<?6raA;ofamarket,S.B.  V. Brack. 

BRAK,  s.  Perhaps  breach,  q.  breaking 
forth  ;  or  noise,  uproar. — Teut.  braecke, 
ruptura  ;  or  Isl.  brak,  crepitus,  stridor, 
fragor  ;  brak-a,  crepare. 

BRAK-BACK,  Brack-back,  s.  A  designa- 
tion metaphorically  given  to  the  harvest- 
moon  from  the  additional  labour  she  oc- 
casions to  reapers,  Aberd. 

BRAKE,  s.  A  large  and  heavy  kind  of 
harrow,  chiefly  used  for  breaking  in 
rough  ground,  S. 

BRAKING,  s.  Puking,  retching,  S.B. 
Ross. — Teut.  braeck-en,  to  vomit,  braecke, 

BRAKKINS,  Braks,  s.  pi.  The  remains  of 
a  feast,  Aberd. — A.S.  brecing,  fractio. 

BRALD,  part.  pa.  Decked,  dressed. 
Maitland  Poems.— Ft.  brell-er,  to  glitter. 

BRAMLIN,  Brammin,  Brammel-worm.  A 
species  of  speckled  or  striped  worm, 
found  on  old  dung-heaps  in  dairy  farms, 
Roxb.  Perhaps  the  same  with  E.  brand- 

BRANCE, .«.  Explanation  unknown ;  per- 
haps errat.  for  trance,  or  passage. 

BRANCHERS,  s.  pi.  Young  crows  after 
leaving  the  nest,  and  taking  to  the  boughs 
or  branches. 

BRAND,  s.  The  calf  of  the  leg,  Ettr.  For.; 
corr.  of  Brawn,  id.  q.  v. 

BRANDED,  part.  pa.  Bordered,  having 
a  margin.  Sir  Gawan  and  Sir  Gal. — 
Germ,  braun;  Isl.  brun,  limbus. 

BRANDED,  Brannit,  adj.  Having  a 
reddish-brown  colour,  as  it'  singed  by  fire. 
A  branded  cow  is  one  that  is  almost  en- 
tirely brown,  S.  Minstrelsy  Bord. — 
Germ,  braun,  id. 

BRANDEN,;oart.j>a.  Grilled.  V.  Brid. 

BRANDER,  Brandretii,  s.  1.  A  grid- 
iron. Wyntown.  .2.  The  grated  iron 
placed  over  the  entrance  of  a  drain  or 
common  sewer,Roxb.  Aberd. — S.brander, 
A.S.  brandred,  "a  brand-iron  ;"  Dan. 
brandrith ;  Teut.  brandroede,  brander, 
fulcrum  focarium. 

To  BRANDER,  v.  a.  To  broil  on  a  grid- 
iron, to  grill,  S.     Sir  J.  Sinclair. 

BRANDER-BANNOCK,  Brander'd-Ban- 
nock,  s.  A  thick  oat-cake  baked  on  the 
gridiron  ;  a  bannock,  Aberd. 


BRANDERIS,  s.  pi.  Frames  of  wood  for 
supporting  tables. 

BRAND Y-CLEEK,  s.  Palsy  in  the  leg  in 
consequence  of  hard  drinking,  Aberd.  V. 

BRANDIE,  s.  Abbrev.  designation  for  a 
branded  cow,  Roxb. 

BRANDNEW,  Brent  New,  a  phrase  equi- 
valent to  spick  and.  span,  quite  new,  S. 
Boss. — Teut.  brand  new,  id.,  from  brand, 
incendium,  ustio. 

BRANDRETII.     V.  Brander. 

BRANDUR,  s.    A  border.  V.  Branded. 

BRANE,  8.  Bran,  the  husks  of  corn  ground. 

BRANEWOD,  s.  Wood  for  burning. 
Chr.  Kirk. — A.S.  bryne,  incendium,  and 
wiide,  wood. 

BRANG,  pret.  of  the  r.  Brought,S.  J.Nicol. 

BRANGILL,  t.  A  kind  of  dauce.  Dou- 
glas.— Fr.  branle,  "  a  brawle,  or  daunce, 
wherein  many  men  and  women  move  all 
together  ;"  Cotgr. 

BRANGLANT,  adj.  Brandishing,  Ayrs. 
— Fr.  brandill-er,  to  glisten,  to  flash. 

To  BR  ANGLE,  v.  n.  1 .  To  shake,  to  vibrate. 
Douglas.  2.  To  menace,  to  make  a 
threatening  appearance.  Douglas.  3. 
To  shake,  applied  to  the  mind  ;  to  con- 
found, to  throw  into  disorder  ;  used 
actively.  Godscroft.—Fr.  branl-er,  to 
shake  ;  Su.G.  brang-as,  cum  labore  per- 
rumpere  velle. 

BRANIT,  part.  pa.  Brawned  ;  a  term 
formed  from  E.  brawn,  the  fleshy  or  mus- 
culous  part  of  the  bodv.     Dunbar. 

To  BRANK,  r.  a.  l.*To  bridle,  to  re- 
strain. Godly  Sangs.  2.  r.  n.  To  raise 
and  toss  the  head,  as  spurning  the  bridle; 
applied  to  horses.  Douglas.  3.  To  bridle 
up  one's  self.  Maitland  Poems.  4.  To 
prance,  to  caper.  Bamsay. — Teut.  brank- 
en  and  proncken  both  signify,  osten- 
tare  se,  dare  se  spectandum  ;  Germ. 
prang-en,  id  ;  Su.G.  prunk-a,  superbire. 
Wachter  gives  prang-en,  as  also  signify- 
ing, premere,  coarctare. 

BRANKEN,  part.  pr.  Gay,  lively,  S.A. 
J.  Nicol. 

BRANKIE,  adj.  Gaudy  ;  pranked  up, 
Peebles.  Fife.     Jacobite  Belies. 

BRANKIN,  p.  adj.  Making  a  great  show, 
Fife  ;  synon.  with  Brankie. 

BRANKIT,  p.  adj.  Vain ;  puffed  up,  Aberd. 
V.  Brank,  v. 

BRANK-NEW,  adj.  Quite  new,  q.  having 
the  new  gloss.     St.  Bonans. 

BRANKS,  s.  pi.  1.  A  sort  of  bridle,  often 
used  by  country  people  in  riding.  In- 
stead of  leather,  it  has  on  each  side  a 
piece  of  wood  joined  to  a  halter,  to  which 
a  bit  is  sometimes  added  ;  but  more  fre- 
quently a  kind  of  wooden  noose  resem- 
bling a  muzzle,  S.  Montrose's  Mem.  2. 
An  instrument  of  ecclesiastical  punish- 
ment for  female  scolds,  or  those  adjudged 



guilty  of  defamation,  placed  at  the  doors 
of  churches.  It  is  of  iron,  and  surrounds 
the  head,  while  a  large  triangular  piece 
is  put  into  the  mouth.  Within  these  few 
years,  an  iron  bit  was  preserved  in  the 
steeple  of  Forfar,  formerly  used,  in  that 
very  place,  for  torturing  the  unhappy 
creatures  who  were  accused  of  witch- 
craft. It  was  called  The  Witch's  Branks. 
Gael,  br tineas,  a  halter.  But  our  word 
seems  originally  the  same  with  Teut. 
pranghe,  muyl-pranghe,  postomis,  pasto- 
mis,  confibula  ;  instrumentum  quod  na- 
ribus  equorum  imponitur ;  Kilian.  3. 
Branks,  I  suspect,  is  sometimes  used  in 
S.  as  syn.  with  juggs  or  pillory.     Howie. 

BRANKS,  s.  pi.  A  swelling  in  the  chops, 
S.A.,from  the  compression  of  the  parts, 
as  the  chops  of  a  horse  are  compressed 
by  the  branks  which  he  wears  ;  the  buf- 
fets, S.B. 

BRANLIE,  *.  The  name  given  to  the 
Samlet  in  some  parts  of  Fife  ;  elsewhere 
called  the  Par.  Yorks;  Branlin.  V.  Par. 
Branlin  and  Branlie  are  merely  dimin. 
from  Brand,  and  may  have  been  sug- 
gested by  the  dark-coloured  marks  on 
the  sides  of  this  fish,  as  resembling  those 
burnt  by  a  brand-iron. 

BRANNOCK,  s.  The  Samlet,  or  small  fish 
generally  known  in  S.  by  the  name  of  Par. 
Branlin,  Yorks. 

BRASAND,  part.  pr.  Embracing.  Dou- 
glas.— Fr.  bras,  the  arm. 

To  BRASE,  Brass,  r.  a.  To  bind,  to  tie. 
Wallace. — Fr.  embrass-er,  to  bind. 

BRASERIS,  Brasaris,  s.  pi.  Vambraces, 
armour  for  the  arms.  Wallace. — Fr. 
brassar,  brassard,  brassart,id.  ;  brachiale 
ferreum  ;  from  bras,  the  arm,  Lat.  brach- 

To  BRASH,  Brasch,  r.  a.  1 .  To  assault ; 
to  attack.  Sir  W.  More.  2.  Equivalent 
to  the  military  phrase,''  to  make  a  breach 
in."  Pitscottie.  3.  To  bruise  and  break 
the  bones  ;  often  used  by  angry  persons 
in  threatening  children,  Dumfr.  V. 
Bresche. — Fr.  breche,  a  breach.  Teut. 
broes-en,  tempestuosum  et  furentem  ven- 
tum  spirare  ;  or  from  A.S.  bereas-an,  im- 
petuose  proruere,  irruere. 

BRASH,  Brashe,  Brasche,  a.  An  effort, 
an  attack,  an  assault ;  as  E.  brush  is 
used.  The  same  as  Bresche,  q.  v.  Muses 

BRASH,  s.  A  short  turn  of  work.  E. 

BRASH,  s.  A  transient  attack  of  sickness; 
a  bodilv  indisposition  of  whatever  kind, 
S.  Quhither,  synon.  S.B.  Burns.  The 
disorder  to  which  children  are  often  sub- 
ject after  being  weaned,  is  called  the 
speaning-brash.  We  also  speak  of  "a 
brash  of  the  teeth."  This,  perhaps,  is 
merely  a  different  sense  of  the  s.  as  ex- 
plained above.      Isl.  breisl;  however,  sig- 


nifies  infirm,  breiskleike,  weakness,  G. 

BRASHY,  adj.  Delicate  in  constitution, 
subject  to  frequent  ailments,  S. 

BRASHY,  Braushie,  adj.  Stormy,  S.  /. 

BRASH  LOCH,  s.  A  crop  of  oats  and  rye 
mixed,  or  of  barley  and  rye,  Galloway. 
Synon.  Mashlin,  Meslin. — Teut.  brass-en, 
miscere,  commiscere,  bras,  mixtus,  com- 
mixtio.     Hence, 

BRASH-BREAD,  s.  Bread  made  of  such 
a  mixture,  Galloway. 

BRASSY,  s.  The  ancient  Wrasse  or  Old 
Wife,  a  fish,  Firth  of  Forth.  Neill's  List 
of  Fishes.    V.  Bressie. 

BRASSIN,  adj.  Brazen.  Aberd.  Reg.— 
A.S.  braesen,  aereus,  aeneus. 

To  BRAST,  v.  n.  To  burst.  Douglas.— 
Brast  is  used  in  the  same  sense  by  R. 

BRAT,  s.  1.  Clothiug  in  general.  The 
bit  and  the  brat,  S.,  food  and  raiment. 
Scotch  Presb.  Eloq.  2.  A  coarse  kind  of 
apron  for  keeping  the  clothes  clean,  S. 
"Brat,  a  coarse  apron,  a  rag,  Lincolns." 
Gl.  Grose.  3.  Coarse  clothing,  S. ;  dudds, 
synon.  A.S.  bratt  signifies  both  pallium 
and  panniculus  ;  "  a  cloak,  a  rag,"  Som- 
ner.  C.B.  brathay,  rags.  4.  A  bib  or 
pinafore,  S.B.  5.  Scum,  S.  It  does  not 
necessarily  signify  refuse  ;  but  is  also 
applied  to  the  cream  which  rises  from 
milk,  especially  of  what  is  called  a  sour 
cogue,  or  the  footings  of  boiled  whey. 
Statist.  Ace.  6.  The  clotted  cover  of 
porridge  or  flummery.  C.B.  brat,  a  clout, 
piece,  or  rag.     Owen. 

BRATCHART,  g.  A  contemptuous  term 
equivalent  to  E.  xrhelp.  Montgomerie. — 
From  Fr.  bratchet,  a  kind  of  small  hound  ; 
or  immediately  formed  from  E.  Brack,  a 
bitch-hound.     V.  Brachell. 

BRATCHEL,  s.  A  heap  of  the  husks  of 
flax  set  on  fire,  Highl.  of  S.  Clan-Albin. 
Apparently  q.  bra cksel,  from  Teut.  braeck- 
en,  to  scutch  flax.  S.  brail,  brack,  the  im- 
plement for  scutching. 

BRATCHET,  s.  1.  A  little  mischievous  boy 
or  girl,  Teviotd.  An  untoward  child, 
North,  Grose.  2.  A  silly  person,  Ettr. 
For.  ;  and  viewed  as  a  dimin.  from  Brat. 
3.  A  true  lover  ;  as,  "  She  has  seven 
wooers  and  a  bratchet,"  Ettr.  For.  In 
this  sense  it  seems  to  refer  to  the  fidelity 
of  a  dog  that  constantly  follows  its  mas- 

To  BRATH,  v.  a.  To  plait  straw-ropes 
round  a  stack,  crossing  them  at  inter- 
vals, S.B.  —  A.S.  braed-an,  to  weave 
together  ;  Isl.  bregd-a,  nectere  fila  in 

BRATH  INS,  s.  pi.  The  cross  ropes  of  the 
roof  of  a  thatched  house  or  stack  ;  also 
called  etherins,  Ang. — Isl.  bragd,  nexus. 

BRATHLY,  adj.  Noisy.  Y.  Br' 



To  BRATTYL,   Brattle,  v.  n.       1.   To 

make  a  clashing  or  clattering  noise,  S. 
Douglas.  2.  To  advance  rapidly,  mak- 
ing a  noise  with  the  feet,  S.  Ramsay. 
3.  To  run  tuniultuously.  Skinner.  4. 
To  make  a  confused  and  harsh  noise, 
Dumfr.  Billet  Gun. — Isl.  briot-a,  bryt-a, 
exagitare,  hue  illucque  movere,  ut  luc- 
tantes  ;  Teut.  bortel-en,  tumultuari. 

BRATTYL,  Brattle,  s.  1.  A  clattering 
noise,  as  that  made  by  the  feet  of  horses 
when  prancing,  or  moving  rapidly,  S. 
Burns.  Ross.  2.  Hurry,  rapid  motion 
of  any  kind,  S.  Ramsay.  3.  A  short 
race,  S.  Burns.  4.  Fury,  violent  at- 
tack, S.     Burns. 

BRAVE,  adj.  Handsome  ;  Bravest,  most 
handsome  ;  now  pron.  brawest,  S.  Dick- 
son's Serm.     V.  Braw. 

BRAVERY,  8.  A  bravado,  a  gasconade. 
Spotsrcood. — Fr.  bra  eerie,  id.  from  irater, 
to  brave,  to  play  the  gallant. 

BRAVERIE,  s.  1.  Show;  appearance  of 
splendour,  S.  Bride  of  Lammermoor.  2. 
Fine  clothes  ;  showy  dress,  S. — Fr.  bra- 
verie,  gorgeousness,  or  costliness  in  ap- 
parel. 3.  Metaph.  applied  to  fine  diction, 
or  ornate  language.    M'  Ward's  Contend. 

BRAVITY,  s.  Used  as  denoting  courage  ; 
bravery. — Perhaps  from  O.Fr.  brarete, 
from  L.B.  brarium,  praestantia,  excel- 

BRAUITIE,  s.  1.  A  show,  a  pageant, 
Buret.  2.  Finery  in  dress,  S.  V.  Braw. 
Buret.— Er.  brarete,  pour  avoir  de  beaux 
habits  ;  Gl.  Roquefort. 

BRAUL,  Brawl,  s.  The  same  as  Brangle. 
Complayut  S. — Fr.  bransle,  branle. 

BRAVOORA,  s.  Such  a  degree  of  irrita- 
tion or  fury,  in  man  or  beast,  as  to  as- 
sume the  appearance  of  madness,  Ayrs. 
— Span.  Brarura  as  explained,  "  Fero- 
city of  an  animal." 

BRAUSHIE,«(f;.     Stormy.   V.  Brash,  v. 

BRAW,  Bra',  adj.  1.  Fine,  gaily  dressed, 
S.  Morison. — Teut.  bramce,  ornatus,  bel- 
lus  ;  Fr.  brave,  id.  Isl.  braer,  nitet, 
splendet.  2.  Handsome,  S.  Burns.  3. 
Pleasant,  agreeable,  S.  A.  Nicol.  4. 
Worthy,  excellent,  S.  A  braw  man,  a 
worthy  man,  S.  5.  Very  good  ;  surpass- 
ing in  whatever  respect,  S.  6.  Stout  ; 
able-bodied  ;  fit  for  warfare,  S.  ;  synon. 
with  S.  pretty.  Warerley.  V.  Pretty, 
sense  4.  7.  Often  used  intensively, 
sometimes  as  a  superlative  when  joined 
by  and  to  another  word,  whether  adj.  or 
adv. ;  as,  braw  and  able,  abundantly  able ; 
braic  and  weel,  in  good  health  ;  braio  and 
soon,  in  full  time.  Braw  and  canty,  very 
cheerful.  Braw  is  here  stronger  than 
gey,  gay  ;  for  gey  and  canty  signifies  only 
"moderately"  or  "indifferently  cheer- 
ful."— Su.G.  braf,  bonus,  praestans.  En 
braf  man,  the  very  phrase  still  used  by 
the  vulgar  in  S.    Germ,  bra  r,  id. 


BRAW-WARLD, adj.  Showy;  gaudy.  Q. 

BRAWEN,  part.  pa.  Perhaps,  boiled.  Pol- 
wart. — A.S.  browen,  coctus. 

To  BRAWL,  v.  n.  To  run  into  confusion  ;  brawland.  Barbour. — Fr. brou it l- 
er,  to  embroil,  to  confound.  Su.G.  bryll-a, 

To  BRAWL,  r.  n,  To  gallop,  Moray.  V. 
Breel,  v. 

BRAWLY,  adv.  Very  well,  S.  sometimes 
brawlins,  Ang.;  browties,  browlins,  Aberd. 
Journal  Lond. — Sw.  Han  mor  braf,  He 
is  well,  Wrideg. 

BRAWLINS,  The  trailing  Straw- 
berry tree,  or  Bear-berry,  S.B.  Arbutus 
uva  ursi,  Linn.  The  name  is  sometimes 
applied  to  the  fruit  of  the  Vacciniuni 
vitis  Idaea,  or  red  bill-berry. — Gael. 
braoilag  denotes  a  whortleberry. 

BRAWLINS,  Brawlies,  adv.  Bravely  ; 
quite  well,  Kinross.  Ang. 

BRAWLIT,  part.  pa.  Perhaps,  marbled, 
mixed  ;  from  the  Fr.  brouill-er,  to  jumble. 
L.  Scotland's  Lament. 

BRAWN,  s.  A  male  swine  ;  a  boar,  Roxb. 
"  Brawn,  a  boar,  Cumb."  Grose. — Per- 
haps this  term  is  borrowed  from  the  Danes; 
for  Isl.  biam  and  beorn,  Su.G.  aud  Dan. 
bioern,  denote  a  bear,  which  was  the  pron. 
of  our  ancestors,  and  is  still  the  vulgar 
pron.  for  a  boar. 

BRAWN,  Braun,  s.  The  calf  of  the  leg. 
This  sense  is  common  in  S.  ;  and  differs 
from  that  in  which  the  term  is  used  in 
E.,  as  denoting  "  the  fleshy  or  musculous 
parts  of  the  body  "ingeueral.  Lyndsay. — 
Teut.  6ra«v,  sura,  seems  the  radical  word. 

BRAWNY,  Brauny,  s.  A  cow,  ox,  or  bull, 
that  has  its  skin  variegated  with  black 
and  brown  streaks  ;  also  brawnit,  id., 
Galloway. — Germ,  braun,  brown,  in  com- 
pounds denotes  a  blackish  colour.  V. 
Branded,  Brannit. 

BRAWS,  s.  pi.  Fine  clothes,  one's  best  ap- 
parel, S.  Ross.  Evidently  from  the  adj., 
sense  1. 

BRAXY,  Braxes,  Braxit,  Bracks,.-!.  I. 
A  disease  in  sheep,  S.  Statist.  Ace. — 
This  is  also  called  braik  and  bracks,  Ang. 
A.S.  breac,  rheuma ;  broc,  sickness,disease ; 
Su.G.  brak,  id.  2.  A  sheep  which  has 
died  of  disease  ;  also  mutton  of  this  de- 
scription, S.     Burns. 

BRAXY,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to  sheep 
that  have  died  of  disease,  S.     Marriage. 

Dry  Braxy,  s.  Inflammation  in  the  bowels 
of  sheep.     Agr.  Surv.  Peeb. 

Dumb  Braxy,  s.  The  dysentery  in  sheep. 
Ess.  Highl.  Soc. 

Watery  Braxy,  s.  A  disease  in  the  bladder 
of  sheep,  from  its  being  over-distended 
with  urine,  which  brings  on  inflammation. 
Agr.  Surv.  Peeb. 

BRAZARS,  s.  pi.  Armour  for  the  arms. 
V.  Braseris. 



BRAZE,  g.     A  roach.     V.  Braise. 

To  BRE.     K.  Hart.   V.  Biggit. 

BRE,  Bree,  s.  The  eyebrow,  S.B.  Dou- 
glas. "  He  moved  neither  ee  nor  bree ; 
i.  e.  eye  nor  eyebrow."  Moss. — A.S.  breg, 
palpebra  ;  Isl.  braa.     V.  Bra. 

BREACH,  s.  The  broken  water  on  the 
sea-coast,  by  which  sailors  know  their 
approach  to  land  in  a  dark  night,  Moray; 
supposed  to  be  the  same  with  Land-brist. 

BREAD,  s.  A  roll,  or  loaf.  To  be  in  bad 
bread ;  to  be  in  a  dilemma,  or  in  an  evil 
taking.  Originally,  to  be  restricted  to 
short  allowance.     V.  Breid. 

BREADBERRY,  s.  That  food  of  children, 
which  in  E.  is  called  pap,  S.  Berry  had 
been  used  in  the  same  sense.  Mercur. 
Ceded.  Jan.  1661. — Perhaps  from  bread 
and  A.Bor.  berry,  to  beat ;  q.  "  bruised 

BREAD-MEAL,  s.  The  flour  of  peas  and 
barley  ;  because  commonly  used  for  mak- 
ing bread,  Roxb.  In  Clydes.barleymeal 
is  so  denominated  from  its  being  much 
used  for  bread  there.     V.  White-meal. 

BREAD-MORNING,  s.  A  piece  of  bread 
which  the  ploughman  gets  on  going  to  his 
labour  in  the  morning. 

BREAD-SPA  AD,  s.  An  iron  spattle,  shaped 
like  a  spade,  for  turning  bread  on  the 
girdle,  Aberd. 

BREADWINNER,  s.  1.  One  who,  by  in- 
dustry, wins  bread  for  others,  S.  2.  Any 
instrument  of  a  profession  by  the  use  of 
which  one  earns  a  sustenance.     Gait. 

BREADLINGIS,  adv.  With  the  broad  or 
flat  side  of  a  sword,  &c.     V.  Braid. 

BREAD  SWORD,  s.  A  broadsword.  Acts 
Cha.  I. 

BREAK,  s.  A  division  of  land  in  a  farm, 
S.     Statist.  Ace. 

BREAK,  s.  The  act  of  breaking  ;  a  breach. 
Forbes's  Defence. 

BREAK,  Brake,  s.  A  furrow  in  plough- 
ing, S.     Surr.  Banff*. 

BREAK-FUR,  Break  -  Furrowing,  s. 
Rough  ploughing,  ibid. 

To  BREAK  in,  v.  a.  To  go  twice  over 
ground  with  the  harrow,  the  first  time 
that  this  implement  is  applied,  Fife. — 
Teut.  braecken  den  acker,  proscindere 

BREAK,  Break-harrow,  s.  A  large  har- 
row.    V.  Brake. 

To  BREAK,  v.  a.  To  disappoint,  S.B. 
"  Fse  no  break  you,  I  shall  not  disappoint 
you,"  Shirr.  Gl. — Isl.  bregd-a,  frustrari 

BREAK  (of  a  hill)  s.  A  hollow  in  a  hill, 
S. — Isl.  breck-a,  crepido,  declivitas. 

To  BREAK,  r.  a.  To  Break  a  Bottle,  to 
open  a  full  bottle  ;  especially  when  it  is 
meant  only  to  take  out  part  of  its  con- 
tents, S.  Hence  a  Broken  Bottle,  one 
out  of  which  part  of  its  contents  has  al- 
ready been  taken,  S. 


BREAK,  s.  An  instrument  for  taking  the 
rind  off  flax,  S.     Brake,E.     V.  Braik. 

BREAK,  s.  A  break  of  folk ;  a  number  of 
people  ;  a  crowd,  Fife. — Isl.  brak,  strepi- 
tus,  tumultus,  turba  ;  from  brak-a,  stre- 
pere,  tumultuari. 

To  BREAK,  r.  n.  To  burst  off,  as  an  ani- 
mal in  fleeing  from  its  pursuers.  Bollock. 
— Isl.  brak-a,  strepere,  tumultuari. 

To  BREAK  up,  r.  a.  To  open  an  ecclesi- 
astical convention  with  sermon.  Guth. 

HEAD  ;  a  custom  generally  prevalent 
in  S.  When  a  bride  is  conducted  home 
to  the  bridegroom's  house,  before  she  is 
allowed  to  enter  it,  or  at  the  very 
threshold,  a  cake  is  broken  on  her  head  ; 
the  fragments  of  which  all  the  young 
people  are  eager  to  gather, — it  being  used 
as  Dreaming  Bread.  This  being  laid 
under  the  pillow  of  each  person  who  gets 
a  share  of  it,  it  is  pretended  that  it  has 
the  virtue  of  producing  pleasant  dreams 
in  regard  to  one's  sweetheart. 

BREARD,  ,*.  The  first  appearance  of  grain. 
V.  Breer. 

BREARDS,  s.  pi.  The  short  flax  recovered 
from  the  first  tow,  by  a  second  hackling. 
The  tow,  thrown  off  by  this  second  hack- 
ling, is  called  backings.    Edin.  Courant. 

To  BREAST  a  horse,  a  wall,  &c,  v.  a.  To 
mount  it  by  applying  a  person's  breast  to 
it  to  get  up,  S. 

*  BREAST,  s.  To  male  a  clean  breast  of. 
V.  Clean. 

BREAST.  In  a  breast ;  abreast  ;  side  by 
side,  S.B.     Boss. 

To  BREAST,  r.  n.  To  spring  up  or  for- 
ward ;  a  term  applied  to  a  horse,  S. 
Burns. — From  the  action  of  the  breast  iu 
this  effort. 

BREAST-BORE,  s.  An  instrument  for 
boring ;  a  wimble,  Clvdes.     V.  Boral. 

BREAST-PEAT,  s.  A*  peat  formed  by  the 
spade  being  pushed  into  the  moss  hori- 

BREAST-WOODIE, .?.  That  part  of  the 
harness  of  a  carriage-horse  which  goes 
round  the  breast,  S.B.  Journal  Lond. 
V.  Rig-widdie. 

BREATH,  s.  1.  Opinion  ;  sentiments  ; 
tendency  of  thought  ;  "  I  wad  fain  hear 
his  breath  about  this  business."  As  A.S. 
braeth,  signifies  spiritus,  the  E.  word  is 
here  used  like  Fr.  esprit, tor  mind,  thought, 
opinion,  disposition,  inclination.  2.  In  a 
breath  ;  in  a  moment,  S. 

BRECHAME,  Brecham,  s.  The  collar  of 
a  working-horse,  S.  Bannatyne  Poems. 
V.  Haims.  —  Baurghwan  is  used  in  the 
same  sense,  A.Bor.  Gael.  Ir.  braigh, 
the  neck  ;  whence  braighaidain,  a  collar. 
The  last  syllable  has  more  resemblance  of 
Teut.  hamme,  a  collar. 

BRECKSHAW,   Breakshfach.  g.       The 




dysentery  in  sheep,  Loth.  Roxb.     "  Dy-  I 
sentery,  or  Braxy,  Breckshaw,  &c,  Mr.  I 
Beattie.     Breakshuach,  or  Cling,  Mr.  J. 
Hogg."     Essays  Highl.  Soc. 

BRED,  s.     1.  A  board;  a  plank,  Danifr.  J 
2.  The  lid  or  covering  of  a  pot  or  pan, 
Roxb. — A.S.  bred,  tabula  ;  Germ,  bret,  a 
board,  a  plank. 

Pot-Bred,  s.  Thewoodenlid  of  a  pot,  Roxb. 

Ass-Bred,  s.  A  wooden  box,  with  handles 
for  carrying  out  ashes,  Roxb. 

BREDDIT,  part.  pa.  Apparently,  wreath- 
ed. Police  of  Hon. — A.S. bred-ait,  Teut. 
breyd-en,  to  wreathe. 

BREDE,  Wynter-brede,  s.  Provisions 
for  winter.  Douglas. — This  may  be  merely 
bread.  But  Isl.  broad  is  rendered, 
praeda,  esca,  carnivori  animalis  ;  which 
seems  to  indicate  that  A.S.  breod  is  but 
a  restricted  use  of  the  radical  word. 

BREDIR,  s.  pi.    Brethren.  V.  Brodir. 

BREDIS.  InBredis.  Hoidate, — Inbrede, 
as  used  by  Chaucer,  is  rendered  abroad. 
V.  Abreid. 

BREE,  Brie,  S.B.  Brew,  Broo,  S.  s.  1. 
Broth,  soup.  Boss.  "  Bree,  broth  with- 
out meal,"  Gl.  Yorks.  2.  Juice,  sauce, 
S.  "  Breau,  is  supping  meat,  or  gravy 
and  fat  for  brewis,"  Gl.  Yorks.  3.  Water; 
moisture  of  any  kind,  S.  Burns.  Thus 
snaw-brue  is  melted  snow  ;  herring-bree, 
the  brine  of  a  herring-barrel,  S. — A.S. 
briio,  Germ,  brue,  bruhe,  id.  liquor  ;  q.  de- 
coctum,  according  to  Wachter,  from  brau- 
en,  to  boil ;  Isl.  brugg,  calida  coctio,  from 
brugg-a,  coquere. 

BREE,  s.  Hurry,  bustle.  Shirrefs. — Su.G. 
bru,  turbare,  vexare. 

BREE,  s.     The  eyebrow.    V.  Bre. 

To  BREED  of,  to  resemble.    V.  Buade. 

To  BREEGHLE,  v.  n.  1.  A  term  expres- 
sive of  the  waddling  and  bustling  motion 
of  a  person  of  small  stature  ;  as,  He's 
breeghlin  awa',  Fife.  2.  Applied  also  to 
the  mode  in  which  a  person  of  this  de- 
scription does  any  kind  of  work  ;  to  fid- 
dle, to  make  little  progress  notwithstand- 
ing much  bustling  ;  ibid. 
BREEGHLIN,  Brechlin,  s.  Motion  con- 
veying the  idea  of  considerable  exertion, 
with  but  little  progress,  Fife. 
BREEK,  Breik,  s.  One  leg  of  a  pair  of 
breeches,  S.  pi.  breeks,  breiks,  breeches. 
Godscroft. — Anc.  Goth,  and  Isl.  brok ; 
A.S.  braec,  brec ;  Su.G.  braeckor ;  C.B. 
bryccan  ;  Gael,  brigis  ;  Ir.  broages  ;  Lat. 
bracca,  id.  From  this  dress,  the  Romans 
gave  the  name  of  Gallia  Braccata  to  one 
part  of  Gaul. 
To  BREEK,  r.  n.  A  term  used  by  females 
in  shearing  on  a  rainy  day,  when  they 
tuck  up  their  petticoats  to  their  knees,  in 
form  of  breeches.  The  question  is  often 
asked,  "  Are  ye  gaiui  to  breek  the  day  ?" 
BREEK-BROTHER,  s.    A  rival  in  love. 

BREEKLAN,  part.  adj.  Shabby  in  ap- 
pearance, whether  in  person  or  in  dress. 
Mearns.  Apparently  the  same  with 
Breeqhle,  q.  v. 
BREEKS,  Breiks,  Breikis,  s.  pi.  1. 
Breeches.  2.  Two  centuries  ago  the 
term  occurs  in  what  seems  to  have  been 
a  cant  phrase  used  to  denote  the  appre- 
hension or  fettering  of  a  prisoner.  Moyse's 
Mem.  3.  Used  in  low  proverbial  lan- 
guage, in  relation  to  ability,  but  always 
in  a  negative  form,  as  addressed  to  one 
who  boasts  that  he  can  do  this  or  that  ; 
It's  no  in  your  breiks,  man,  S.  In  this 
case  it  refers,  perhaps  not  very  delicately, 
to  physical  strength.  "  It  is  not  in  your 
breeks;"  an  allusion  to  money  in  our  poc- 
kets, signifies  our  inability  to  effect  or  pro- 
cure such  a  thing.  Kelly. 
BREEKUMTRULLIE,  s.  1.  One  whose 
breeches  do  not  fit  him,  Ayrs.  2.  Also 
applied  to  a  very  little  boy  who  is  consi- 
dered too  young  to  wear  breeches.  Tru- 
lie  is  often  used  in  S.  as  expressing  con- 
temptuous or  derisory  admiration  ;  q. 
Breek  him  trulie  ! 
To  BREEL,  v.  n.  To  move  with  rapidity, 
Border  ;  as,  to  breel  down  the  brae ;  al- 
ways, or  at  least  generally,  applied  to  the 
motion  of  a  carriage,  and  implying  the 
idea  of  the  noise  made  by  it. —  Isl.  broellte, 
is  expl.  bovino,  vel  aprino — more  ferri  ; 
G.  Andr.  to  be  hurried  on  like  an  ox  or 
boar  ;  brial-az,  extra  mentem  rapi.  Su.G. 
bryll-a,  perturbare,  a  frequentative  from 
bryd-a,  id. 
BREELLS,  s.  pi.  Spectacles  in  general  ; 
but  more  strictly  double-jointed  specta- 
cles, Clydes. — Germ,  brill,  Su.G.  briller, 
id.  oculi  vitrei,  L.B.  berill-us. 
BREEM,  adj.      Keen  ;    fierce  ;    violent, 

Lanarks.     V.  Brim. 
To  BREEM,  v.  n.      A  term  applied  to  the 
female  of  a  swine  when  she  desires  the 
male.      E.  to  brim,  id.— 0.  Teut.  brem- 
en,  to  burn  with  desire  ;  Ital.  bram-are, 
id.     V.  Brumjiin. 
BREEMIN,  A-breemin,  part.  adj.  Applied 
to  a  sow  in  season,  when  desirous  of  the 
boar,  Roxb. 
BREER,  s.     A  briar,  S.    Hogg. 
BREER,  Brere,  Braird,  Breard,  ?.     1. 
The   first    appearance   of    grain   above- 
ground,  after  it   is   sown,   S.  —  A  fine 
breer,  an  abundant  germination.  Ramsay. 
2.  Metaph.  transferred  to  the  first  ap- 
pearance of  the  seed  of  the  word,  after  it 
has  been  sown  in  the  ministry  of  the 
gospel.  —  A.S.   brord,   frumenti    spicae, 
"  corn  new  come   up,  or  the  spires  of 
corn,"  Somner.      "  Bruart,  the  blades  of 
corn  just  sprung  up  ;"  Gl.  Lancash. 
To   BREER,  Brere,  Breard,  v.  n.      To 
germinate,  to  shoot  forth  from  the  earth  ; 
applied   especially  to  grain,  S.  Brerdc, 
part.  pa.  Loth,  brairded.    Douglas. 




BREIRDING,  s.  Germination ;  used  nie- 
taph.  in  relation  to  divine  truth.  Ruther- 

BREERIE,  adj.  Sharp  ;  clever,  Loth.  A 
figurative  use  of  E.  briery,  full  of  briers. 
V.  Bryrie. 

BREESE,  Breeze,  s.  1.  The  act  of  com- 
ing on  in  a  hurry,  Fife.  2.  A  quarrel, 
a  broil,  Loth.  Apparently  a  figurative 
use  of  E.  breeze. 

BREESE,  Breis,  s.  Pottage  made  in  a 
peculiar  manner,  Aberd.  Mearns.  V. 
Brose,  of  which  this  is  the  northern  pro- 
nunciation.— A.S.  brhcas,  pottage. 

To  BREESSIL,  t.  n.  To  come  on  in  a 
hurry,  making  a  rustling  noise,  Lanarks. 
V.  the  noun. 

BREESSIL,  Breishil,  s.  1.  The  act  of 
coming  on  in  a  hurry,  Fife.  2.  A  violent 
attack  in  whatever  way.  Hence  the 
phrase  to  bide  a  breessil,  to  endure  a  se- 
vere onset,  Fife. — A.S.  brastl,  crepitus, 
strepitus,  brastl-ian,  crepitare,  strepere. 
Isl.  brys,  ardens  calor  ;  bryss-a,  fervide 

BREGER,  s.  One  given  to  broils  and 
bloodshed.  Buret. — Fr.  briguer,  a  quar- 
relsome, contentious,  or  litigious  person. 
The  origin  is  most  probably  Su.G  brigd-a, 

BREHON,  s.  The  name  given  to  heredi- 
tary judges  appointed  by  authority  to 
determine,  on  stated  times,  all  the  con- 
troversies which  happened  within  their 
respective  districts.  By  the  Brehon  law, 
even  the  most  atrocious  offenders  were 
not  punished  witli  death,  imprisonment, 
or  exile  ;  but  were  obliged  to  pay  a  fine 
called  Eric.  Dr.  Macpherson. —  Ir. 
breathar,  breithear,  still  signifies  a  judge. 
Bullet  supposes  that  Breth  has  been  used 
in  this  seuse  by  the  ancient  Gauls  ; 
whence  Vergobret,  the  name  of  the  su- 
preme magistrate  among  them.  Ir.  Fear 
go  fra ith  literally  signifies  the  man  who 

To  BREY,  v.  a.  To  terrify..  Wyntown.— 
A.S.  breg-an,  id.  probably  allied  to  Sw. 
bry,  to  vex. 

To  BREID,  Brede,  v.  n.  To  resemble.  V. 
Brade,  v.  sense  5. 

BREID,  s.  Breadth.  On  breid,  broad,  or 
in  breadth.  Lyndsay. — A.S.  braed  ;  Su.G. 
bredd  ,id.  Brede  occurs  in  O.E.  R.Brunue. 

BREID,  Bred,  s.  1.  Bread.  2.  A  loaf 
or  mass  of  bread  by  itself,  whether  large 
or  small  ;  still  vulgarly  used  in  this  sense, 
S.     Keith's  Hist. 

BREID,  Breed,  s.  A  breadth  of  cloth, 
woollen  or  linen,  S. 

To  BREIF,  Breve,  Breue,  Brew,  t.  a. 
1.  To  write,  to  commit  to  writing. 
Police  of  Hon.  2.  To  compose.  Dunbar. 
■ — Alem.  gebriaf-an,  scribere  ;  Su.G.  be- 
brefica,  literis  confirmare.  L.B.  brev- 
iare,  in  breves  redigere. 

BREIF,  Brief,  Breef,  s.  A  spell.  Burns. 
— O.Fr.  bref,  brief,  legeude,  talisman,  de 
brevis  ;  L.B.  brev-ia. 

BRE  YFE,  Breve,  s.  A  writing.  Wyntown. 
— A.S.  braue,  literae  ;  Germ,  brief,  a  let- 
ter ;  Isl.  Su.G.  bref,  epistola,  diploma  ; 
Fr.  brief,  breve,  a  writ.  These  are  all 
from  Lat.  brete. 

BREIRD,  s.  The  surface,  the  uppermost 
part,  the  top  of  anything,  as  of  liquids. 
MehiWs  MS. — Evidently  the  same  with 
Brerd,  q.  v. 

BREITH,  adj.  Proceeding  from  fervour 
of  mind. — Su.G.  braede,  ira.     V.  Braith. 

BREITHFUL.    V.  Braithful. 

BREIVE,  s.  A  kind  of  judge  in  the  Wes- 
tern Islands  of  S.  It  originally  seems  to 
be  nearly  the  same  with  Brehon.  Gord. 
Hist.  Suth. 

BREK,  s.  1.  Breach  in  a  general  sense  ; 
as  breach  of  promise.  2.  Wattir  brek, 
the  breaking  out  of  water.  Douglas.  3. 
Quarrel ;  contention  of  parties,  like  E. 
breach.  Pari.  Ja.  III.  4.  Brek  of  a 
ship,  the  breaking  up  of  a  vessel  from  its 
being  wrecked,  or  the  shipwreck  itself. 
Teut.  schip-breke,  naufragium. 

BREK,  s.  Uproar,  tumult.  Douglas. — 
Isl.  brak,  strepitus,  tumultus,  eg  brak-a, 
strepo,  crepo,  Su.G.  braak-a  ;  metaph.  de 
molesto  quovis  labore. 

BREKANE  TYNIS,  s.  pi.  Misspelling  for 
Briqandines.    Records,  Acts  Ja.  IV. 

BREKBENACH,  s.  A  particular  military 
ensign,  signifying  the  blessed  or  conse- 
crated banner.     Old  (Jiu  rt. 

BREME,rtf/;.  Furious,  Wynt.  V.  Brim. 

BRENDE,  part.  pa.  Burnt,  so  as  to  be 
thoroughly  purified.  V.  Burnt  Silver. 
Sir  Gawan  and  Sir  Gal. 

BRENE,  *.  Corslet,  habergeon.  V.  Bir- 
nie.     Sir  Gaican  and  Sir  Gal. 

To  BRENN,  Brin,  t.  a.  To  burn.  Herd's 
Coll. — The  A.S.  is  byrn-an.  Brenn  and 
Brin  resemble  the  Isl.  and  Germ.  v. 

BRENT,  'pret.  and  part.  Burned  ;  S. 
brunt.  Dovglas. — A.S.  brenu-ing,  burn- 
ing ;  Isl.  brenn,  ardeo. 

BRENT,  adv.  1.  Straight,  directly  ;  as, 
"  He  looked  me  brent  i'  the  face,"  Roxb. 
2.  Straightforward.  To  come  brent  on,  to 
advance  fearlessly,  or  precipitately,  in  a 
straight  line,  Loth.  Selkirks.  3.  To  Hae, 
or  See,  a  thing  brent,  to  see  it  distinctly, 
as  if  directly  before  one,  Loth. — Pro- 
bably allied  to  Isl.  brana,  audacter  mere, 
caprino  more  ferri,  bruna,  progredi,  cur- 

BRENT,  s.  A  door-post.  Remains  Nith. 
Song. — Isl.  brand-ar,  columna  liguea  ante 
fores,  door-posts  or  pillars. 

BRENT,  adj.  High,  straight,  upright  ; 
smooth,  not  wrinkled,  S.  Maitland  Poems. 
It  most  frequently  occurs  in  one  peculiar 
application,  in  connexion  with  brow,  as 



denoting  a  high  forehead,  as  contradis- 
tinguished from  one  that  is  flat.  Douglas. 
— A.Bor.  brant,  or  brunt,  steep.  A  brant 
hill,  Northuinb.  It  is  also  used  in  West- 
morel.  Brent-brow,  a  steep  hill  ;  Su.G. 
bryn,  vertex  montis  ;  Isl.  brun-a,  to  lift 
one's  self  on  high.  Meo  judicio  bryn 
notat  id,  quod  ceteris  superstat,  aut  prae 
aliis  emmet  ;  Ihre.  Isl.  brun,  Germ,  aug- 
braunen,  Alem.  braane,  the  eyebrow.  Sw. 
brant,  steep  ;  en  brant  klippa,  a  steep 

BRENT-BROWED,  adj.  Forward;  im- 
pudent, Berths. 

BRENT-KNOLL,  s.  A  steep,  conical  hill, 

BRENT-TORR,  s.  A  rock  of  a  similar 
character,  Devons. 

BRENT-NEW,  quite  new.  V.  Brand- 

BRERD,  s.  The  whole  substance  on  the 
face  of  the  earth.  Gawan  and  Gol. — 
A.S.  brerd,  summum. 

To  BRERE,  v.  n.  To  germinate.  V. 

BRESCHE,  s.  An  attack.  Knox.— Su.G. 
brask-a,  sonitum  edere,tumultum  excitare 
denotat,  a  simplici  brask,  sonitus  ;  Ihre. 
It  may,  however,  be  originally  the  same 
with  Brash,  q.  v. 

BRESS,  s.  The  chimney-piece  ;  the  back 
of  the  fire-place.    The  Entail.   V.  Brace. 

BRESS,  pi.     Bristles.    Dunbar. 

BRESSIE,  s.  A  fish,  supposed  to  be  the 
Wrasse,  or  Old  Wife,  Labrus  Tiuca,  Liuu. 
Sibbald.  Perhaps  radically  the  same 
with  E.  UTasse. 

BREST,  part.  pa.  Forcibly  removed  ;  or 
as  denoting  the  act  of  breaking  away 
with  violence  ;  for  burst.  Douglas.  Breste, 
to  burst.     Chaucer. 

To  BREST,  v.n.  To  burst.  Bollock.— Sw. 
brist-a,  id.     V.  Brist. 

BRETH,  s.  Apparently,  rage,  wrath.  Hou- 
late. — Su.G.  Isl.  braede,  praeceps  ira,  fu- 
ror. This  is  probably  allied  to  braad-a, 

BRETH1R,  Brether,  s.  pi.  Brethren. 
Wyntown. — Isl.  and  Sw.  broeder,  bre- 
thren, A.S.  brether,  id. 

BRETS,  s.  pi.  The  name  given  to  the 
Welch  or  ancient  Britons,  in  general  ; 
also  to  those  of  Strat-clyde,  as  distin- 
guished from  the  Scots  and  Picts.  Lord 
Hailes.  Wyntown  uses  Brett  ys  as  the 
pi.— A.S.  Brettas,  Britones  ;  Bryt,  Brito, 

BRETTYS,  s.  A  fortification.  Wyntoicn. 
— L.B.  breteschia,  briteschia.  It  properly 
denotes  wooden  towers  or  castles  :  Bre- 
tachiae,  castella  lignea,  quibus  castra  et 
oppida  muniebantur,  Gallis  Bretesque, 
breteches  ;  Du  Cange.  Perhaps  radically 
allied  to  Su.G.  bryt-a,  to  contend,  to 
make  war. 

To  BREVE,  r.  a.    To  write.  V.  Breif. 

BREUK,  s.  A  kind  of  boil  ;  apparently 
the  same  with  Bruick,  q.  v. 

BREUKIE,  s.  A  cant  term  for  a  smith's 
bellows,  S.B.  Probably  derived  from  the 
designation  given  to  the  Blacksmith  him- 
self.    V.  Brookie. 

BREW,  s.  Broth,  soup.  V.  Bree. 

BREW-CREESH,  s.  A  term  expressive 
of  a  duty  paid  to  a  landholder  or  supe- 
rior, which  occurs  in  old  law-deeds.  It 
is  still  used,  Aberd.  Sometimes  it  is 
called  Brew-tallow. 

BRIBOUR,  Brybour,  s.  A  low,  beggarly 
fellow.  Bannatyne  Poems. — Fr.  bribeur, 
"  a  beggar,  a  scrap-craver  ;  also,  a  greedy 
devourer  ;"  briber,  to  beg  ;  and  this  from 
bribe,  a  lump  of  bread  given  to  a  beggar  ; 
Cotgr.  C.B.  briic,  brib,  a  morsel,  a  frag- 

BRICHT,  Brych*t,  A  young  woman, 
strictly  as  conveying  the  idea  of  beauty. 
Wallace. — Merely  a  poetical  use  of  the 
adj.  bright ;  in  the  same  manner  as  an- 
cient writers  used./h> ,  clere,  &c.  In  modern 
E.  fair  is  used  in  the  same  manner. 

BRICK,  s.  A  loaf  of  bread  of  an  oblong 
form,  S.  It  is  applied  to  bread  of  differ- 
ent sizes  ;  as,  a  penny  brick,  a  threepenny 
brick,  a  quarter  brick,  i.  e.  a  quartern  loaf. 
It  is  so  denominated  from  its  resemblance 
to  a  brick  made  of  clay. 

BRICK,  s.  A  breach,  S. ;  break,  Roxb. 
V.  Brick  of  Land. 

BRICK  of  LAND,  Apparently  a  division, 
a  portion,  as  distinguished  from  others. — 
Teut. braecke,  braecke-land,  land  thatis  not 
taken  in,  or  what  is  lying  barren. — But, 
perhaps,  rather  from  the  r.  to  Break ;  like 
Shed  of  laud  from  Shed,  to  divide. — A.S. 
brie,  ruptura. 

BR1CKLE,  adj.  Brittle.  Monro's  Exped. 
V.  Brukyl. 

BRID,  Bridde,  s.  A  bird,  a  pullet.  Sir 
Gawan  and  Sir  Gal. — A.S.  brid  is  used 
for  chicken,  as  also  S.  burd. 

BRIDAL,  s.  A  Craw's  Bridal ;  the  de- 
signation given  to  a  numerous  flight  of 
crows,  S. 

BRYDE,  s.  Not  understood.  Perhaps, 
damsel  ;  as,  Brid  in  boure,  for  bird. 

BRIDGES  SATINE,  s.  Satin  made  at 
Eruges  in  Flanders.  V.  Brug  and  Broig. 

BRIDLAND,  part.  pre.  Polwart. — Appa- 
rently, q.  bridalling,  drinking  as  freely  as 
men  do  at  a  bridal. 

BRIDLE, s.  The  piece  of  iron  fastened  on 
the  end  of  the  beam  of  a  plough,  to  which 
the  harness  is  attached, S.A.  Agr.Surv. 

*  BRIEF,  adj.  1.  Keen,  Upp.  Clydes.  2. 
Clever  ;  as,  a  brief  discourse,  a  good  ser- 
mon ;  "  He  gae  us  a  very  brief  sermon," 

To  BRIEN,  Brein,  v.  n.  Apparently,  to 
roar  ;  to  bellow,  S.B.  Skinner. — Per- 
haps from  Isl.  bran-a,  audacter  ruere  ;  or 



from  bran-a,  caprino  more  feror  ;  Dan. 
brummen,  to  roar.     V.  Brayne. 

To  BRIERD,  t.  n.  To  germinate.  Bollock. 
V.  Breer,  r. 

BRIG,  Breg,  Bryg,  s.  A  bridge,  S.  A.Bor. 
Lancash.  Wallace. — A.S.  bricg,  brigge, 
Su.G.  brygga,  Belg.  brug,  id.  Ihre  views 
brygga  as  a  diminutive  from  bro,  anc.  bra, 
which  has  the  same  meaning. 

BRIG  on  a  hair.  A  verynarrow  bridge,  S.B. 

To  BRIG,  v.  a.  To  throw  a  bridge  over  ; 
to  bridge  ;  as,  "  To  brig  a  barn,"  Lanarks. 
Bannatyne's  Trans. 

BRIGANCIE,  s.  Robbery  ;  depredation  ; 
violence.  Acts  Ja.  VI. — This  word  is 
synon.  with  Fr.  brigandage  and  brigan- 
derii ;  but  in  form  more  nearly  resembles 
L.B.  brigancii,  modern  term  brigands ; 

BRIG ANER,  «./>?.  A  robber,  S.B.— Evi- 
dently from  brigand.  Journ.  Lond. 

BRIGD  IE,  Brigde,  s.  The  basking  shark, 
Squalus  Maximus,  Linn.,  North  of  S. 

BRIK,  s.  Violation  ;  breach.  Keith.— A.S. 
brie,  raptura,  fractio. 

BRIKCANETYNES,  s.  Armour  called 
Brigandines.    Act.  Bom.  Cone. 

BRIL,  s.  The  merrythought  of  a  fowl. 
Sibbald. — Teut.  bril,  ossiculum  circa  pec- 
tus a  specilli  similitudine  dictum.  Also 
called  spectacles.     V.  Breels. 

BRYLIES,  s.  pi.    Bearberries.    V.  Braw- 


BRYLOCKS,  Apparently, the  whortle- 
berry ;  or  Vaccinium  vitis  idaea,  Gael. 
braoilag,  breigh'lac,  id. 

BRYM,  Brym,  Breme,  adj.  1.  Raging, 
swelling  ;  applied  to  the  sea.  Bellenden. 
Isl.  brim,  the  raging  of  the  sea.  The  word 
is  thus  defined  ;  Aestus  maris,  vehemen- 
tibus  procellis  littus  verberans  ;  Olai 
Lex.  Run.  A.S.  brim,  brym,  salum, 
aequor,  mare,  the  sea.  2.  Fierce,  vio- 
lent. Bellenden.  3.  Stern,  rugged  ;  ap- 
plied to  the  countenance.  Bouglas.  4. 
Denoting  a  great  degree  either  of  heat  or 
of  cold.  Douglas.  Thus,"  a  brim  frost," 
is  still  a  common  phrase  for  a  severe  frost, 
S.B.  5.  Bleak,  exposed  to  the  weather, 

BRIM,  s.  A  cant  term  for  a  trull,  Loth. 
Callander  of  Craigforth,  in  some  MS. 
notes,  mentions  brim,  as  signifying  a 
scold,  S.  This  has,  most  probably,  been 
the  primary  sense. 

BRIME,  s.  Pickle  ;  E.  brine.  «  As  saut  's 
brime,"  as  salt  as  brine,  S. — A.S.  Belg. 
Fris.  bryne,  muria.  But  the  S.  pron.  is 
from  A.S.  brym,  salum ;  Isl.  brim,  fluctus, 
brimsalt,  valde  salsum. 

BRYMLY,  adv.  Fiercely;  keenly.  Wall, 
vii.  995.     V.  Artailye. 

BRIMMIN,  part.  pr.  Applied  to  a  sow 
desirous  of  the  boar.     Y.  Brummin. 


To  BRYN,  Brin,  Birn,  r.  a.  To  burn. 
Barbour. — Su.G.  brinn-a;  Germ,  brenn- 
an,  id. ;  A.S.  bryne,  burning. 

BRIN,  Brinn,  s.  A  ray;  a  beam;  a  flash, 
S.B.     Poems  Buchan  Dial. 

BRINDLE,  s.  Cash;  money.  A  cant  term, 

To  BRING  HAME,  or  HOME,  r.  a.  To 
bring  to  the  world,  S.  ;  equivalent  to  E. 
r.  to  bring  forth.     Pitscottie. 

BRINGLE-  BR  ANGLE,  s.  A  very  con- 
fused bustle,  Lanarks.  A  reduplicative 
term,  of  which  Brangill,  v.  or  s.  may  be 
viewed  as  the  origin. 

BRINK.  To  Brink.  Perhaps,  inwardly. 
Sir  Tristrem. — Q,.  in  pectore ;  Isl.  Su.G. 
brinq-a,  pectus. 

BRINKIT,  part.  pa.  Perhaps,  bronzed. 
Bannatyne  Poems.  —  Su.G.  brinna,  to 
burn,  or  braecka,  to  roast. 

BRYNSTANE,  Brynt-stane,  ?.  Brim- 
stone ;  sulphur.  Douglas.  —  A.S.  bryn, 
incendium,  and  stan,  q.  lapis  incendii  seu 
incendiarius  ;  Sw.  braensten,  id. 

BRYRIE,  s.  Lyk  bryrie;  equivalent  to 
the  vulgar  phrase,  like  daft.  Montgo- 
mery's Poems. 

BRISKET,  Bisket,  s.  1.  The  breast,  S. 
Morison.  2.  It  is  used  obliquely,  and 
perhaps  rather  arbitrarily  for  the  stomach. 
Hogg's  Perils  of  Man. — Fr.  brichet,  id. 
Perhaps  we  have  the  origin  of  the  word 
in  Isl.  briosk,  Sw.  brush,  gristle.  The 
word  in  E.  denotes  "  the  breast  of  an 
animal."  It  bears  this  sense  also  in  S., 
and  is  sometimes  corr.  called  briskin. 

BRISMAK,  s.  The  name  given  to  Torsk, 
our  Tusk,  in  Shetland. 

BRISSAL,«(7>  Brittle.  Gl.  Sibb.— Alem. 
bruzzi,  frag'ilitas,  Otfrid ;  Fr.  bresiller, 
rompre,  briser,  mettre  en  pieces.  Gl. 

BRISSEL-COCK,  s.  Apparently  the  tur- 
key-cock. Pitscottie. — Denominated,  per- 
haps, from  its  rough  and  bristly  appear- 
ance ;  or  q.  Brasil-cock,  as,  according  to 
Pennant,  the  turkey  was  unknown  to 
the  old  world  before  the  discovery  of 
America.  "  The  first  birds  of  this  kind," 
he  supposes,  "  must  have  been  brought 
from  Mexico." 

To  BRISSLE,  r.  a.  To  broil,  &c.  V.Birsle. 

To  BRIST,  Bryst,  s.  To  burst.  Wyntovm. 
— Isl.  brest-a ;  Dan.  brist-er,  frangi,  rumpi, 
cum  fragore  (crepitu)  dissilire. 

BRISTO  W,  g.  and  adj.  A  designation  given 
formerly  to  white  crystals  set  in  rings, 
&c,  got  at  St.  Vincent's,  a  steep  rock  on 
the  banks  of  the  Avon,  in  the  vicinity  of 

BRITH,  s.  A  term  which  seems  to  mean 
wrath  or  contention.  Gawan  and  Gol. — 
Su.G.  braede,  anger,  brigd,  controversy, 
brigd-a,  to  litigate. 

BRlTHER,  s.  The  vulgar  pronunciation 
of  brother,  S. 


To  BRITHER,  v.  a.    1.  To  match  ;  to  find 
an  equal  to,  Lanarks.     2.  To  initiate  one 
into  a  society  or  corporation,  sometimes 
by  a  very  ludicrous  or  filthy  process,  S. 
To  BRITHER  DOWN,  r.  a.     To  accom- 
pany in  being  swallowed  ;  to  go  down  in 
brotherhood,  Ayrs.     Picken. 
To  BRITTYN,  Bin  ten,  Bretyn,  v.  a.     1. 
To  break  down,  in  whatever  way.     Ga- 
ican  and  Gol.    2.  To  kill ;  applied  both 
to  man  and  beast.     Douglas. — It  is  also 
written  bertyn.  A.S.  bryt-an;  Su.G.  bryt-a; 
Isl.  briot-a,  frangere.     V.  Bertynit. 
To  BRITTLE,  v.  a.    To  render  friable,— 
Formed  from  the  E.  adj.  brittle ;  origin- 
ally from   A.S.  brytt-an ;    Su.G.   bryt-a, 
britt-a ;  Isl.  briot-a,  to  break. 
BRITTLE-BRATTLE,  s.      Hurried   mo- 
tion, causing  a  clattering  noise,  Lanarks. 
V.  Brattyl. 
BRITURE,  lloulate,  iii.  8,  is  in  Bannatyne 

MS.  brit  ure. 
To  BRIZE,  Brizz,  r.  a.     1.  To  press.     2. 

To  bruise,  S.     V.  Birse. 
To  BROACH,  v.a.  To  rough-hew.  Broached 
stones  are  thus  distinguished  from  aishler 
or  polished  work, S.  V.Broche,  Broach,?. 
BROACH,  s.      A   sort   of  flagon  or  pot. 
David.  Seas. — L.B.  brochia;  Ital.  brocca, 
a  pitcher,  a  water-pot. 
BROAD-BAND.     V.  Braid-band. 
BROAKIT.    V.  Brocked. 
BROAKIE,  s.     1.  A  designation  given  to 
a  cow  whose  face  is  variegated  with  black 
and  white,  S.     2.  Also  to  a  person  whose 
face  is  streaked  with  dirt,  S. 
BROAKITNESS,  s.     The  state  of  being 

variegated,  as  above,  in  both  senses. 
BROBLE,  s.      A   sharp-pointed   piece   of 
wood  to  keep  horses  asunder  in  plough- 
ing ;  also  called  a  Jliddiegiddie.     This 
is  clearly  a  diminutive  from  A.Bor.  brob, 
to  prick  with  a  bodkin.     V.  Brub. 
BROCARD,  s.  The  first  elements  or  maxims 
of  the  law  ;  an  old  forensic  term.    Foun- 
tainhall, — Fr.  brocard;  L.B.  brocardium ; 
Hisp.  brocardico,  juris  axioma. 
BROCH,  Brotch,  s.     A  narrow  piece  of 
wood  or  metal  to  support  the  stomacher, 
Gl.  Sibb. — S.A.  and  O.,  apparently  an  ob- 
lique use  of  Fr.  broche,  a  spit.     In  O.Fr. 
the  word  is  synon.  with  baton. 
BROCHAN,  (gutt.)  s.     Oatmeal  boiled  to 
a    consistence    somewhat    thicker    than 
gruel,   S.     It    differs-  from    Crowdie,   as 
this  is   oatmeal   stirred  in   cold  water. 
Martin. — Gael,   brochan,  pottage,  also, 
gruel ;  C.B.  bryhan,  a  sort  of  flummery. 
To  BROCHE,  t.  a.     To  prick ;  to  pierce. 
Douglas. — Fr.  brocher  un  cheral,  to  spur 
a   horse;  properly  to   strike   him   hard 
with  the  spurs.     Hence, 
BROCHE,  s.     LA  spit.     Gaican  and  Gol, 
2.  "  A  narrow  piece  of  wood  or  metal  to 
support  the  stomacher."    Gl.  Sibb.    3.  A 
wooden  pin  on  which  yarn  is  wound.    S. 



Douglas.  4.  A  narrow-pointed  iron  in- 
strument, in  the  form  of  a  chisel,  used  by 
masons  in  hewing  stones ;  also  called  a 
puncheon,  S. —  Evidently  the  same  with 
Fr.  broche,  a  spit.  Arm.  brochen,  signifies 
a  spit,  from  broch-a,  to  pierce.,  transfigere. 
To  BROCHE,  Broach,  t.  a.  To  indent 
the  surface  of  a  stone  with  this  instru- 
ment, a  broach,  chisel,  or  puncheon,  S. 
When  a  broader  tool  is  used,  it  is  said  to 
be  droved.  Both  operations  are  contrasted 
with  polishing,  or  complete  dressing. 
BROCHE,  Bruche,  Broach,  s.  1.  A  chain 
of  gold ;  a  sort  of  bulla,  or  ornament  worn 
on  the  breast.  Douglas.  2.  A  fibula  ;  a 
clasp;  a  breast-pin,  S.  Muses  Threnodie. 
— Isl.  bratz,  signifies  fibula;  Su.G.  bra:, 
from  Isl.  brus-a,  to  fasten  together;  Gael. 
broiside,  a  clasp,  broisde,  a  brooch,  Shaw. 
BROCHIT,  part.  pa.  Stitched;  sewed. 
Inventories. — Fr.  broch-er,  to  stitch  gross- 
lv,"to  setor  sowe  with  (great)  stitches;" 
BROCHLE,  (gutt.)  adj.     Lazy;  indolent; 

also  brokle,  Galloway. 
BROCHLE,  s.    "  A  lazy,  useless  brochle," 
an  inactive  boy,  ibid. — Gael,  brogh,  and 
broghaidhil,  denote  filth  and  dirt. 
BROCHT,  s.     The   act   of  puking.     Leg. 
Bp.   St.  Androis. —  C.B.   broch,  spuma. 
V.  Braking. 
To  BROCK.    V.  Brok. 
BROCKED,   Broakit,   adj.     Variegated  ; 
having  a  mixture  of  black  and  white,  S. 
A  cow  is  said  to  be  broakit,  that  has  black 
spots  or  streaks,  mingled  with  white,  in 
her  face,  S.B.     Statist.  Ace. — Su.G.  brok- 
iig,   brokig,   party-coloured  ;    Ir.    breach, 
speckled  ;  Gael,  brucach,  speckled  in  the 
face  ;  Dan.  broged,  id. 
The  Brue  o'  the  Bruckit  Ewes.     A  me- 
taphorical phrase  for  mutton  broth. 
BROCKLIE,  adj.    Brittle.    V.  Broukyl. 
BROD,  s.     LA  board;  any  flat  piece  of 
wood  ;  a  lid,  S. — A.Bor.  breid,  a  shelf  or 
board,  Ray.     2.  Transferred  to  an  escut- 
cheon on  which  arms  are  blazoned.     3. 
Commonly  used  to  denote  the  vessel  for 
receiving  alms  at  the  doors  of  churches, 
S. — Isl.  broth ;  A.S.  braed,  bred,  id. 
To  BROD,  v.  a,     1.  To  prick;  to  job;  to 
spur,  S.    Douglas.    Complaynt  S.    2.  To 
pierce,  so  as  to  produce  an  emission  of 
air  ;  used  metaph.,  S.     Ferguson,     3.  To 
incite;  to  stimulate;  applied  to  the  mind. 
Douglas. — Su.G.  brodd,  cuspis,  aculeus  ; 
Isl.  brodd,  the  point  of  an  arrow ;  some- 
times  the  arrow  itself;  a  javelin  ;  any 
pointed  piece  of  iron  or  steel ;  brydd-a, 

fungere ;   Dan.   brod,  a  sting,  a  prick ; 
r.  Gael,  brod-am,  to  spur  ;  to  stimulate. 
BROD,  Brode,  s.     1.  A  sharp-pointed  in- 
strument; as  the  goad  used  to  drive  oxen 
forward,  S.    Wyntoicn,    2.  A  stroke  with 
a  sharp-pointed   instrument,  S.      Com- 


platjnt  S.  3.  An  incitement;  instigation. 
BRODDIT  STAFF.  "  A  staff  with  a  sharp 
point  at  the  extremity,"  Gl.  Sibb.  Also 
called  a  pikestaff,  S.  This  is  the  same 
with  brogqit-staff.  V.  Brog. 
BROD,  s.  Brood";  breed,  Loth.— A.S.  brod, 

proles,  from  brcd-an,  fovere.     Hence, 
BROD-HEN,  s.     A  hen   that   hatches  a 

brood  of  chickens. 
BROD  MALE,  Brodmell,  s.  The  brood 
brought  forth,  or  littered,  at  the  same 
time.  Douglas. — From  A.S.  brod,  proles, 
and  mad,  tempus;  or  O.Germ.  mad,  con- 
sors,  socius,  whence  ee-ghe-mael,  conjunx, 
BROD  SOW.     A  sow  that  has  a  litter. 

Polio:  rt. 
BRODMOTHER,  Brodsmother,  s.     1.  A 
hen  that  hatches  a  brood  of  chickens, 
Ang.  Loth.     2.  Metaph.  applied  to  a  fe- 
male who  is  the  mother  of  a  family. 
BRODDIT  AITIS,  s.     Supposed  to  be  the 
same  with  Bearded  oats.    Act.  Audit. — 
Su.G.  brodd,  the  first  spire  of  grain,  as 
well  as  anything  that  is  sharp-pointed. 
BRODERRIT,  part.  pa.      Embroidered. 
Inventories. — Fr.  brod-er,  to  embroider  ; 
whence  brodeur,  an  embroiderer;  Su.G. 
border-a,  acu  pingere.     V.  Brod,  r. 
BRODIE,  s.      Fry  of  the   rock-tangle   or 
hettle  ;  codling,  Fife. — A.S.  brod,  proles, 
E.  brood. 
BRODYKYNNIS,  s.  pi.     Buskins  or  half- 
boots.     Still  used  in  this  sense  in  Aberd. 
V.  Brotekixs. 
BRODINSTARE,  Brodinster,  s.     An  em- 
broiderer. Inventories.   V.  Browdinstar. 
BRODYRE,  Brodir,  s.     A  brother;  pi. 
bredir,  bredyre.     Wyniown. — Isl.  brodur, 
pi.  broeder. 
BRODIR-DOCHTER,s.  A  niece,  S.  Wyn- 
toivn.     Brodir-son  or  brother-son,  and  sis- 
ter-son, are  used  in  the  same  manner ; 
and  brother-bairn  for  cousin,  S. — A  Sw. 
idiom  :   Brorsdotter,  niece  ;  brorson,  ne- 
phew; brorsbarn,  the  children  of  a  brother. 
BROE,  s.      Broth  ;  soup  ;  the  same  with 

Brew.     Taylor's  S.  Poems. 
To  BROG,  v.  a.     To  pierce  ;  to  strike  with 
a  sharp  instrument,  S.  Acts  Ja.  I.  Hence 
broggit  staff,  mentioned  as  a  substitute  for 
an  ax.     The  term  prog-staff  is  now  used 
in  the  same  sense,  q.  v. 
BROG,  s.     1.  A  pointed  instrument,  such 
as  an   awl ;  a   brad-awl,  S.     2.   A  job 
with  such  an  instrument,  S. 
BROG,   Brogue,  b.     A  coarse   and   light 
kind   of  shoe,   made    of   horse   leather, 
much  used  by  the  Highlanders,  and  by 
those  who  go  to  shoot  in  the  hills,  S. 
Lord  Hailes. — Ir.  Gael,  brog,  a  shoe. 
BROGH,  s.     Legal  surety  ;  proof  of  right- 
ful possession  ;   Ye  maun  bring  brogh  and 
hammer  (or  ha mmd)  for't,  i.  e.,  You  must 
bring  proof  for  it,  Loth. — In  the  north  of 

98  BRO 

Germany,  the  phrase  burg  und  emmer  is 
used  in  a  similar  sense,  as  denoting  legal 
security.  Our  brogh,  and  Germ,  burg, 
both  denote  suretiship.  Dan.  heimmel, 
authority  ;  a  voucher  ;  a  title.  Wolff. 
To  BROGLE,  Broggle,  v.  n.  1.  To  persist 
ineffectually,  to  strike  a  pointed  instru- 
ment into  the  same  place,  Lanarks.  2. 
To  fail  in  doing  any  piece  of  work  in 
which  one  engages ;  to  be  unable  pro- 
perly to  finish  what  one  has  begun, 
Berwicks.  Selkirks.  3.  r.  a.  To  botch ; 
to  bungle  ;  to  spoil,  ibid. 
BROGLE,  Broggle,  s.  An  ineffectual  at- 
tempt to  strike  a  pointed  instrument  into 
a  particular  place,  Lanarks. 
BROGGLER,  s.  1 .  The  person  who  makes 
this  ineffectual  attempt,  ibid.  2.  A  bad 
tradesman  ;  a  bungler,  Selkirks.  Brogle 
seems  to  be  a  frequentative  from  the  r. 
to  Brog,  to  pierce. 
To  BROGLE,  Broggle,  v.  a.    To  prick, 

Loth.     Brog,  Job  synon. 
To  BROGLE   up,  r.  a.     To   patch  ;    to 
vamp  ;    applied  to  shoes,  Roxb.  ;  q.  to 
cobble,  or  work  by  means  of  an  awl  or 
sharp-pointed  implement. 
BROGUE,  s.    "  A  hum ;  a  trick,"  S.    Burns. 
— Isl.  brogd,  astus,  stratagemata,  Verel. 
brigd,  id. 
BROG- WORT,  Broug-wort,  s.    A  species 

of  mead,  Fife.     V.  Bragwort. 
BROICE.     Leg.     Broite.     Barbour. 
BROICH,   Broigh,  (gutt.)  s.     Fume.     A 
broich  of  heat;  a  violent  heat  ;  a  state  of 
complete  perspiration,  Lanarks.  Perths. 
Synon.   with   brothe,   q.   v. — C.B.   broch, 
spuma,  foam,  froth.     Broch-i,  to  fume. 
BROIG,  adj.      Perhaps    from   Bruges   in 
Flanders.     Broig   Satin.     Hay's   Scotia 
Sacra.     V.  Baikin. 
To  BROIGH,  v.  n.     To  be  in  a  fume  of 
heat ;  to  be  in  a  state  of  violent  perspira- 
tion and  panting,  Lanarks.     V.  Brothe. 
To  BROIK,  Brouk,  v.  a.     To  possess  ;  to 
enjoy,  S.     Act.  Bom.  Cone. — A.S.  bruck- 
an;  Te\it.bruyck-en,  frui,  potiri.  E.  brook 
is  properly  to  endure. 
To  BROILYIE,  r.  a.     This  term  is  applied 
to  what  is  first  parboiled,  and  then  roast- 
ed on  the  brander  or  gridiron,  Fife. — 
O.Fr.    bruill-er,    griller,    rotir,    secher  ; 
BROILLERIE,  s.     A  state  of  contention. 
Godscroft. — Fr.  brouillerie,  confusion.   V. 
BROIZLE,  Broozle,  v.  a.     1.  To  press; 
to  crush  to  atoms.     2.  The  term  seems 
to  be  also  used  in  a  loose  sense,  Ettr.  For. 
Hogg. — Teut.  brosel-en,  breusel-en,  in  mini- 
mas  micas  frangere. 
BROK,  s.     Use.— A.S.  broce  ;  Teut.  broke, 

bmyk,  ghc-bruyk,  id.     V.  Bruik. 
BROK,  Brock,  Broks,  s.    1.  Fragments  of 
any  kind,  especially  of  meat,  S.    Banna- 




tyne  Poems.  2.  Trash ;  refuse,  Fife. — 
Moes.G.  ga-bruko;  Alem.  bruch,  id.  Hence 
also  Germ,  brocke,  a  fragment. 

To  BROK,  Brock,  v.  a.  To  cut,  crumble, 
or  fritter  anything  into  shreds  or  small 
parcels,  S. — Apparently  formed  as  a  fre- 
quentative, from  break,  if  not  immediately 
from  the  s. 

BROKAR,  s.  A  bawd  ;  a  pimp.  Douglas. 
— This  is  merely  a  peculiar  use  of  E. 

BROKED,  adj.    Variegated.    V.  Brocked. 

*  BROKEN,  part.  pa.  Individuals  under 
sentence  of  outlawry,  or  who  lived  as 
vagabonds  and  public  depredators,  or  were 
separated  from  their  clans  in  consequence 
of  crimes,  were  called  Broken  men.  Acts 
Ja.  VI.    Spalding. 

BROKEN-WINDED,  adj.  Short-winded ; 
asthmatic  ;  generallv  applied  to  horses,  S. 

BROKYLL,  ad/.    Brittle.    V.  Brukyl. 

BROKIN  STORIT.  The  stores  broken  in 
upon,  of  a  ship,  &c.     Act.  Dom.  Cone. 

BROKITTIS,  ?.  pi.  The  same  with  E. 
Brocket,  a  red  deer  of  two  years  old. 
Douqlas. — Fr.  brocart,  id. 

BRONCKED,  pret.  Pierced.  Sir  Gawan 
and  Sir  Gal. — Probably  an  error  for 
broched,  from  Fr.  brocket: 

BRO^BY^,  part.  pa.  Branched.  Houlate. 
— Fr.  brondes,  green  boughs  or  branches. 

BRONGIE,  s.  A  name  given  to  the  Cor- 
morant, Shetl.     Penn.  Zool. 

BRONYS,  Brounys,  Brownis,  s.  pi. 
Branches  ;  boughs.  Douglas. — From  the 
same  origin  with  Brondyn. 

To  BRONSE,  v.  n.  To  overheat  one's  self 
in  a  warm  sun,  or  by  sitting  too  near  a 
strong  fire,  S. — Isl.  bruni,  inflammatio ; 
Moes.G.  brunsts,  incendium. 

BRONT,  part.  pa.  Burnt,  S.  brunt.  Dou- 
glas.   V.  Bryn,  v. 

BROO,  s.  "  I  hae  nae  broo  of  them  ava," 
I  have  no  fatourable  opinion  of  them. 
Old  Mortality. 

BROO,  s.     Broth,  juice,  &c.     V.  Bree. 

BROOD,  s.  1.  A  young  child.  2.  The 
youngest  child  of  a  family,  Roxb. — A.S. 
brod,  proles. 

BROODIE,  adj.  1.  Prolific;  applied  to 
the  female  of" any  species  that  hatches  or 
brings  forth  many  young ;  as,  a  broodie 
hen,  S.  2.  Brudy,  applied  to  either  sex. 
Bellcnden.  3.  Fruitful ;  in  a  general  sense, 
S.    Z.  Boyd.     A.S.  brodiqc,  incubans. 

To  BROOFLE,  Brufle,  v.n.  To  be  in  a 
great  hurry  ;  synon.  with  Broostle,  Ettr. 
For.  This  seems  to  be  the  same  with 
Bruffle,  q.  v. 

BROOFLE,  Brufle,  s.  Impetuous  haste, 
Ettr.  For. 

BROOK,  s.  Soot  adhering  to  anything,  S.B. 

To  BROOK,  v.  a.     To  soil  with  soot,  S.B. 

BROOKET,  adj.  Having  a  dirty  face,  S. 
V.  Broukit. 

BROOKIE,adj.  Dirtied  with  soot;  sooty,ib. 

BROOKIE,  s.  1.  A  ludicrous  designation 
for  a  blacksmith,  from  his  face  being  be- 
grimed, S.B.  Tarras's  Poems.  2.  A  de- 
signation for  a  child  whose  face  is  streaked 
with  dirt,  S. 

BROOKABLE,  adj.  What  may  be  borne 
or  endured,  S.;  from  E.  brook,  v. 

BROOM-DOG, .«.  An  instrument  for  grub- 
bing up  broom,  Mearns. 

BROOSE,  s.  A  race  at  country  weddings. 
V.  Bruse. 

BROOST,  s.  Apparently,  a  spring  or  vio- 
lent exertion  forward.  Perhaps  a  corr. 
of  the  u.  to  breast,  used  in  the  same  sense; 
and  from  Moes.G.  brust,  the  breast. 

BROOSTLE,  s.  1.  A  very  bustling  state  ; 
coming  forward  impetuously,  Ettr.  For. 
2.  Applied  to  a  keen  chase.  Hogg.  This 
differs  from  Breessil,  Fife,  merely  in  the 
change  of  the  vowels. — Isl.  brus-a,  aes- 
tuare,  broesur,  contentiosus;  Dan.  brus-er, 
to  rush,  to  foam,  to  roar ;  applied  to  the 
waves  of  the  sea. 

To  BROOSTLE,  Brustle,  v.  n.  To  be  in 
a  bustle  about  little  ;  to  be  in  a  great 
hurrv,  Ettr.  For. ;  pron.  q.  Brussle. 

To  BROOZLE,  Bruizle,  v.  n.  To  perspire 
violently  from  toil,  Teviotd. — Belg.  broeij- 
cn,  to  grow  warm  or  hot;  or  Teut.  bruys- 
cn,  to  foam,  as  we  speak  of  a  brothe  of 
sweat ;  Isl.  braedsla,  fusio,  liquefactio, 
brus-a,  aestuare. 

BROSE,  s.  1.  A  kind  of  pottage  made  by 
pouring  boiling  water  or  broth  on  meal, 
which  is  stirred  while  the  liquid  is  poured, 
S.  The  dish  is  denominated  from  the 
nature  of  the  liquid ;  as,  tcater-brose, 
kail-brose.  Ross.  2.  In  Clydes.  the  term 
is  applied  to  oat-meal  porridge  before  it 
is  thoroughly  boiled. — A.S.  ceales  briu, 
kail-broo,  S. ;  briwas  niman,  to  take  pot- 
tage or  brose. 

BROSE-MEAL,  s,  Meal  of  peas  much 
parched,  of  which  peas-brose  is  made,  S. 

BROSE-TIME,  s.  Supper-time.  Gl.  An- 

BROSY-FACED,  adv.  Having  a  fat  and 
flaccid  face,  S.     St.  Johnstoun. 

BROSIE,  Brosy,  adj.  1.  Semifluid,  S. 
2.  Metaph.  soft ;  inactive,  Lanarks.  3.  Be- 
daubed with  brose  or  porridge,  S.  4.  Mak- 
ing use  of  brose  in  one's  profession,  S.O. 

BROSILIE,  adv.  In  an  inactive  manner, 

BROSINESS,  s.  1.  State  of  being  semi- 
fluid. 2.  Metaph.  inactivity  proceeding 
from  softness  of  disposition,  Lanarks. 

BROT,  Brotach,  s.  A  quilted  cloth  or  co- 
vering, used  for  preserving  the  back  of  a 
horse  from  being  ruffled  by  the  Sliimach, 
on  which  the  pannels  are  hung,  being  fas- 
tened to  a  pack-saddle,  Mearns. — Isl. 
brot,  plicatura. 

To  BROTCH,  v.  a.  To  plait  straw-ropes 
round  a  stack  of  corn,  S.B.;  synon.  Brath, 
q.  v. — Isl.  brus-a,  to  fasten. 




BROTEKINS,  Brotikins,  s.  pi.  Buskins; 
a  kind  of  half-boots.  Lyndsay. — Fr.  bro- 
dequin;  Teut.  broseken,  a  buskin. 

EROTHE,  s.  "  A  great  brothe  of  sweat,"  a 
vulgar  phrase  used  to  denote  a  violent 
perspiration,  S.— The  word  may  be  radi- 
cally the  same  with  froth ;  or  allied  to 
Isl.  braede,  braedde,  liquefacio. 

To  BROTHE,  y.  n.  To  be  in  a  state  of 
profuse  perspiration,  S.     Chron.  S.  Poet. 

To  BROTHER,  v.  a.  1.  To  admit  to  the 
state,  and  to  the  privileges,  of  brother- 
hood in  any  corporation  or  society,  S.  2. 
It  also  denotes  the  convivial  initiation  of 
young  members  of  a  fraternity,  as  well  as 
the  ludicrous  customs  observed  as  a  prac- 
tical parody  on  them,  S.     V.  Brither. 

BROTHER-BAIRN,  s.  The  child  of  an 
uncle  ;  a  cousin,  S.     Pitscottie. 

BROUAGE.  Salt  Brouage.  Salt  made  at 
Brouaqe'm  France. 

BROUDSTER,s.  Embroiderer.  Pitscottie. 
— Fr.  brod-er,  to  embroider.  V.  Browdin. 

BROUKIT,  Brooked,  Brcckit,  Bruket, 
adj.  The  face  is  said  to  be  broukit,  when 
it  has  spots  or  streaks  of  dirt  on  it;  when 
it  is  partly  clean  and  partly  foul.  A  sheep 
that  is  streaked  or  speckled  in  the  face, 
is  designed  in  the  same  manner.  Burns. 
- — To  Bruike,  to  make  dirty,  Northumb. ; 
Grose.  There  can  be  no  doubt  that  this 
is  originally  the  same  with  Brocked, 
Broakit.  We  may  add  to  the  etymon 
there  given,  Dan.  broged,  variegated  ; 
speckled;  grisled. 

BROW,  s.  "  Nae  brow"  no  favourable  opin- 
ion. "  An  ill  brow,"  an  opinion  precon- 
ceived to  the  disadvantage  of  any  person 
or  thing,  S.     Mary  Stewart.     V.  Broo. 

To  BROW,  r.  a.  To  face  ;  to  browbeat, 
Ettr.  For.  Hogg. — From  brow,  s.  super- 

BROW,  s.  A  rising  ground.  Gait.  The 
brow  of  a  hill  is  an  E.  phrase,  but  brow 
does  not  seem  to  be  used  in  this  sense  by 
itself. — A.S.  bruw-a,  intercilium. 

BROWCALDRONE,  s.  A  vessel  for  brew- 
ing.    Aberd.  Req. 

BROWDEN'D,/W./>«.  Arrayed;  decked, 
Aberd.     Skinner. 

BROWDIN,  Browden,  part.  pa.  Fond; 
warmly  attached;  eagerly  desirous;  hav- 
ing a  strong  propensity,  S.  It  often  im- 
plies the  idea  of  folly  in  the  attachment, 
or  in  the  degree  of  it.  Montgomerie. 
"  To  browden  on  a  thing,  to  be  fond  of  it, 
Northumb."  Gl.  Grose. — It  may  be  formed 
from  Belg.  broed-en,  to  brood  ;  to  hatch  ; 
all  creatures  being  fond  of  their  young. 

BROWDYN,p«rt./>a.  Embroidered.  Wyn- 
toicn. — C.B.  brod-io,  and  Fr.  brod-er,  to 
embroider ;  Isl.  brydd-a,  pungere,  brodd, 

BROWDIN,  part.  pa.  Expl.  "clotted; 
defiled  ;  filthy,"  Gl.  Sibb.  Chr.  Kirk.— 
Teut.  brodde,  sordes. 

BROWDYNE,  part.  pa.  Displayed  ;  un- 
furled. Barbour. — A.S.  braed-an,  to  di- 
late ;  to  expand. 

BROWDINSTAR,  s.  An  embroiderer. 
Coll.  of  Intentories. 

BROWDINSTERSCHIP,  s.  The  profes- 
sion of  an  embroiderer.  Formed  from 
part.  pa.  Browdyn,  q.  v.  with  the  addition 
of  the  termination  ster,  which  originally 
marked  a  female.     V.  Browster. 

BRO  WIN,  part.  pa.  Brewed.  Acts  Mary. 
— A.S.  browen,  coctus,  concoctus. 

BRO  WIS,  s.  pi.  Expl.  "  brats."  Keith's 
Hist. — Perhaps  from  Teut.  bruys,  spuma. 

*  BROWN,  adj.  The  broth-pot  is  said  to 
play  brown,  or  to  boil  broicn,  when  the 
soup  is  rich  with  animal  juice,  S.  Re- 
mains Nith.  Song. 

BROWNIE,  s.  A  spirit,  till  of  late  years, 
supposed  to  haunt  some  old  houses,  those, 
especially,  attached  to  farms.  Instead  of 
doing  any  injury,  he  was  believed  to  be 
very  useful  to  the  family,  particularly  to 
the  servants,  if  they  treated  him  well ; 
for  whom,  while  they  took  their  neces- 
sary refreshment  in  sleep,  he  was  wont  to 
do  many  pieces  of  drudgery,  S.  Douglas. 
— Ruddiman  seems  to  think  that  these 
spirits  were  called  Brownies,  from  their 
supposed  "  swarthy  or  tawny  colour." 
They  may  be  viewed  as  corresponding 
with  the  Swartalfar,  i.  e.  swarthy  or  black 
elves  of  the  Edda,  as  the  Liosalfar,  white, 
or  fair  elves,  are  analogous  to  our  Fairies. 

BROWNIE-BAE,  s.  A  designation  given 
to  Brownie,  Buchan.  The  addition  to  the 
common  name  may  have  originated  from 
Broicnies  being  supposed  occasionally  to 
frighten  women  and  children  with  a  wild 
cry  resembling  that  of  a  brute  animal. 

BROWNIE'S-STONE.  An  altar  dedicated 
to  Brownie.     Martin's  West.  Islands. 

BROWN  JENNET  or  JANET,  s.  1.  A 
cant  phrase  for  a  knapsack.  2.  Broicn 
Janet  is  also  explained  as  signifying  a 
musket.    Pickeivs  Gl. 

droich,  dwarf,  or  subterranean  elf.  Gl. 
Antiquary.  The  Brown  Man  of  the 
Muirs  is  a  fairy  of  the  most  malignant 
order,  the  genuine  duergar.  Bord.  Minst. 

BROWST,  Browest,  s.  1.  As  much  malt 
liquor  as  is  brewed  at  a  time,  S.  Bur- 
row Lawes.  2.  Used  metaph.  to  denote 
the  consequences  of  any  one's  conduct, 
especially  in  a  bad  sense.  This  is  often 
called  "  an  ill  browst,"  S.  "  Stay  and  drink 
of  your  browst,"  S.  Prov.,  Take  a  share  of 
the  mischief  you  have  occasioned.  Kelly. 
— Isl.  brugg-a  raed,  invenire  callida  con- 
silia,  brugqa  suik,  struere  insidias. 

BROWSTER,  Browstare,  s.  A  brewer,  S. 
Douglas. — A.S.  briw-an,  coquere  cerevi- 
siam,  to  brew ;  Teut.  brouw-en,  id. ;  Isl. 
eg  brugg-a,  decoquo  cerevisias.  In  the 
ancient  Saxon,  the  termination  ster  af- 




fixed  to  a  s.  masculine,  makes  it  feminine. 
Thus,  baecestre  properly  signifies  pistrix, 
"a  woman-baker,"  Somn. 
BROWSTER-WIFE.     A  female  ale-seller, 
especially  in  markets,  S.  Tarras's  Poems. 
To  BRUB,  r.  a.    To  check,  to  restrain,  to 
keep   under,   to  oppress,  to  break  one's 
spirit  by  severity,  S.B.  ;  allied  perhaps 
to  A.Bor.  brub,  to  prick  with  a  bodkin, 
Gl.  Grose. 
BRUCHE,  s.     V.  Broche. 
BRUCKILNESS,  Brokilness,  s.    1.  Brit- 
tleness,  S.    2.  Apparently,  incoherence,  or 
perhaps  weakness  ;  used  metaphorically. 
King's  Quair.    3.  Moral  inability.  Poems 
\6th  Century.     From  Bruckle,  adj. 
BRUCKIT,  adj.   V.  Brocked. 
BRUCKLE,  adj.  Brittle.  V.  Brukyl. 
BRUCKLIE,  adv.    In  a  brittle  state  or 

manner,  Clydes.     V.  Brukyl. 
BRUDERIT,;xt^.  pa.     Fraternized.— Isl. 
bruditr;  Germ,   bruder,   a   brother.      V. 
Brother,  v. 
BRUDERMAIST,  adj.    Most  affectionate  ; 

literally,  most  brotherly.  Dunbar. 
BRUDY,  adj.    Prolific ;  applied  to  either 

sex.     Bellenden.     V.  Broodie. 
BRUE,  s.    V.  Bree. 

To  BRUFFLE,  v.  n.  To  bruffle  and  sweat  ; 
to  moil  and  toil  ;  to  be  turmoiled  and 
overheated,  Dumfr. 
BRUG  SATINE.  Satin  made  at  Bruges. 
BRUGH,  Brogh,  Brough,  Burgh, s.  1.  An 
encampment  of  a  circular  form,  S.B.  In 
Lothian,  encampments  of  the  circular  form 
are  called  Ping-forts, from  A. S.7<W«</,orbis, 
circulus.  2.  This  name  is  also  given  to  the 
stronger  sort  of  houses  in  which  the  Picts 
are  said  to  have  resided.  Brand.  3.  A 
borough.  "  A  royal  brugh  ;"  "  A  brugh 
of  barony,"  as  distinguished  from  the 
other,  S.B.  V.  Burch.  4.  A  hazy  circle 
round  the  disc  of  the  sun  or  moon,  gener- 
ally considered  as  a  presage  of  a  change 
of  weather,  is  called  a  brugh  or  brogh,  S. 
Statist.  Ace.  5.  The  name  given  to  two 
circles  which  aro  drawn  round  the  tee 
on  the  ice  appropriated  for  curling, 
Clydes. — A.S.  beorg,  borli,  munimentum, 
agger,  arx,  "  a  rampire,  a  place  of  defence 
and  succour,"  Somner  ;  burg,  castellum, 
Lye.  The  origin  is  probably  found  in 
Moes.G.  bain/s,  mons. 
BRUGHER,  Brucher,  s.  "  A  stone  which 
comes  within  the  circles  drawn  round  the 
tee,  in  curling,"  ibid. 
To  BRUGHLE,  t.  n.  To  be  in  a  state  of 
quick  motion,  and  oppressed  with  heat. 
He's  brugldin  up  the  brae,  Perths. 
BRUGHTINS,  s.  pi.  In  the  South  of  S. 
at  the  Lammas  feast,  provided  for  the 
shepherds,  an  oat-cake  or  bannock  is 
toasted,  then  crumbled  down,  and,  being 
put  in  a  pot  over  the  fire  with  butter,  is 
made  into  a  sort  of  pottage,  and  named 
Butter  Brughthts. 

BRUGHTIN-CAKE,  Braughtin,  s.  Green 
cheese-parings,  or  wrought  curd,  kneaded 
with  butter  or  suet,  and  broiled  in  the 
frying-pan.  It  is  eaten  with  bread  by 
way  of  kitchen,  Roxb.  These  terms  seem 
allied  to  C.B.  brwehan,  Gael,  brochan. 
Fris.  brugghe,  however,  denotes  bread  be- 
smeared with  butter  ;  Teut.  bruicet,  jus, 
jusculum,  and  Isl.  bruggu,  calida  coctio. 
V.  Brochan. 
BRUICK,  Bruk,  s.  A  kind  of  boil,  S. 
Gl.  Complaint.  An  inflamed  tumour  or 
swelling  of  the  glands  under  the  arm  is 
called  a  bruick-boil,  S.B.,  pron.  as  brook. 
— Isl.  bruk,  elatio,  tumor  ;  expl.  of  a 
swelling  that  suppurates. 
To  BRUIK,  Bruke,  Brook,  p.  a.  To  en- 
joy, to  possess.  Poems  Buchan  Dial. — 
A.S.  bruc-an,  Franc,  gebruch-en,  Su.G. 
Isl.bruk-a,  Belg.  bruyck-en,  Germ,  brauch- 
en,  to  use. 

To  BRUILYIE,  Brulyie,  t.  n.  To  fight  ; 
to  be  engaged  in  a  broil,  Aberd.  Skinner. 
— Fr.  brouill-er,  to  make  a  great  hurly- 
burly,  to  jumble. 

To  BRUILYIE,  Brulye,  v.  a.  To  bruilyie 
■up,  to  put  into  a  ferment,  Fife. 

To  BRUIND,  r.  n.  To  emit  sparks,  &c. 
V.  Brund. 

BRUINDIN, .«.     The  emission  of  sparks. 

BRUISK,  adj.  Brisk  ;  lively  ;  in  high 
spirits. — Fr.  brusque. 

BRUKYL,  Bruckle,  Brokyll,  Broklie, 
adj.  1.  Brittle,  easily  broken,  S.  Kelly. 
Hamilton.  2.  Metaph.  used  in  relation 
to  the  unsettled  state  of  political  mat- 
ters. Baillie.  Or  of  one's  personal  con- 
cerns when  in  a  state  of  disorder.  Wa- 
rerley.  3.  Variable,  unsettled,  as  ap- 
plied to  the  weather.  The  Har'st  Rig. 
4.  It  seems  to  signify  soft,  pliable,  as  ap- 
plied to  the  mind.  Wyntou-n.  5.  Fickle, 
inconstant.  Wallace.  6.  Inconstant,  as 
including  the  idea  of  deceit.  King's 
Quair.  7.  Weak,  delicate,  sickly,  S.B. 
8.  Apt  to  fall  into  sin,  or  to  yield  to 
temptation.  Abp.  Hamiltoun.  —  Teut. 
brokel,  fragilis,  from  brok-en,  frangere  ; 
Sw. braeckelig,id.;  Germ,  brocklicht,  crumb- 

BRUKILNESSE,  s.     V.  Bruckilness. 

BRUKIT,«(f/.  Having  streaks  of  dirt.  V. 

To  BRULYIE,  r.  a.  To  broil  ;  properly 
to  roast  cold  boiled  meat  on  the  gridiron, 
Fife. — Fr.  brusler,  bruler,  to  scorch. 

To  BRULYIE,  t.  n.  To  be  overpowered 
with  heat  ;  synon.  with  Brothe. 

BRULYIE,  Brulyement,  s.  1.  A  brawl, 
broil,  fray,  or  quarrel,  S.  Rosa.  Ramsay. 
2.  Improperly  used  for  a  battle.  Hamil- 
ton.— Fr.  brouiller,  to  quarrel  ;  Su.G. 
brylla,  foerbrilla,  to  embroil. 

To  BRUMBLE,  r.  n.  To  make  a  hollow 
murmuring  noise,  as  that  of  the  rushing 
or  agitation  of  water  in  a  pool,  S.O. — 




Teut.  brummel-en,   rugire,   mugire  ;  Isl. 
bruml-a,  murmurare,  Su.G.  bromnb-a,  id. 
BRUMMIN,     Applied  to  a  sow 
desirous  of  the  boar,  Fife,  Border.  Brim- 
min,  id.,  Loth.     V.  Breemin. 
To  BRUND,  Bruind,   r.  n.     1.    To   emit 
sparks  as  a  flint  does  when  struck. — It's 
brundln,  the  fire  flies  from  it,  S.B.     2. 
To  glance,  to  sparkle  ;    applied  to  the 
eye,  as  expressing  either  love  or  anger. 
Campbell.— Su.G. brinn-a,  to  burn. 
BRUNDS,  Brundis,  Brwynds,  s.  pi.     1. 
Brands,  pieces  of  wood  lighted.  Wallace. 
2.    It  seems  to   signify  the   remains  of 
burnt  wood,  reduced  to  the  state  of  char- 
coal,   and    as    perhaps    retaining    some 
sparks.    Barbour.     3.    The  term  is  still 
commonly  used  in  Aug.,  only  with  greater 
latitude. — A.S.  brond  may  be  the  origin  ; 
as  in  the  second  sense  it  merely  denotes 
a  firebrand  almost  entirely  burnt  out. — 
Bronde  is  the  O.E.  orthography  for  what 
is  now  written  brand. 
BRUNGLE,  s.     A  job  ;  a  knavish  piece  of 
business,  Clydes.     Apparently  originally 
the  same  with  Branqle. 
BRUNSTANE,s.  Sulphur;  brimstone,Ayrs. 
Jacobite  Relics. — Germ,   born-steen,  id.  ; 
from  Belg.  born-en,  ardere. 
BRUNSTANE,  adj.     Of  or  belonging  to 

sulphur,  S.,  ibid. 
BRUNSTANE-MATCH,  s.     A  match  dip- 
ped in  sulphur  ;  vulgarly  denominated  a 
spank,  S. 
BRUNT,  adj.  Keen ;  eager,  Perths .— Teut. 

brunst,  ardor,  catulitio. 
BRUNT,  pret.  and  part.  pa.     1.  Burned  or 
burnt,  S.  Pitscottie.  2.  Illegally  touched ; 
a  term   used    in   Curling,  and   various 
games,  Clydes. 
BRUNTLIN,  s.     A  burnt  moor,  Buchan. 

Perhaps  corr.  from  brunt  land. 
BRUNTLIN,  adj.     Of  or  belonging  to  a 

burnt  moor.  Tarras's  Poems. 
BRUS,s.  Force,  impetus.  Douglas. — Belg. 
bruyssch-en,  to  foam  or  roar  like  the  sea  ; 
Su.G.  brus-a,  sonare  ;  De  aquis  cum  im- 
petu  ruentibus  aut  fluctibus  maris  ;  Hire. 
To  BRUS,  Brusch,  r.  a.  To  force  open,  to 
press  up.  Wyntoicn. — Sicamb.  bruys-en, 
premere,  strepere. 
To  BRUSCH,  r.  n.  To  burst  forth,  to  rush, 
to  issue  with  violence.  Wallace.  V. 
Brus,  s. 
BRUSE,  Broose,  Bruise,  s.  To  ride  the 
bruse,  1.  To  run  a  race  on  horseback  at 
a  wedding,  S.,  a  custom  still  preserved 
in  the  country.  Those  who  are  at  a  wed- 
ding, especially  the  younger  part  of  the 
company,  who  are  conducting  the  bride 
from  her  own  house  to  the  bridegroom's, 
often  set  off,  at  full  speed,  for  the  latter. 
This  is  called,  riding  the  bruse.  He  who 
first  reaches  the  house  is  said  to  win  the 
bruise.  Burns.  2.  Metaph.  to  strive,  to 
contend  in  whatever  way.    P.  Galloway. 

This  means  nothing  more  than  riding  for 
the  brose,  broth  or  kail,  the  prize  of  spice- 
broth,  allotted  in  some  places  to  the  victor. 
*  BRUSH,  8.     To  gie  a  brush  at  any  kind  of 
work  ;  to  assist  by  working  violently  for 
a  short  time,  S. — Dan.  brus-er,  to  rush. 
BRUSHIE,  adj.     Sprucely  dressed,  or  fond 
of  dress  ;  as,  "  He  's  a  little  brushie  fal- 
low," Roxb. — Teut.  bruys,  spuma,  bruys- 
en,  spumare. 
BUVS1T,  part.  pa.  Embroidered.  Hoidate. 
— L.B.  brusd-us,  brust-us,  acupictus  ;  Du 
Cange.     V.  Burde,  s. 
BRUSKNESS,  is.     Unbecoming  freedom  of 
speech  ;  rudeness  ;  incivility,  S.      Dow- 
glasse's  Serm. — Fr.   bruse,  brusque,  rash, 
rude,  uncivil.     V.  Bruisk. 
To  BRUSSEL,  Brushel,  v.  n.      To   rush 
forward  in  a  rude  and   disorderly  way, 
Ayrs.     V.  Breessil. 
BRUSSLE,  s.     Bustle,  Loth.— A.S.  brastl- 
ian,  strepere,  murmurare.     V.  Breessil. 
To  BRUST,  r.  n.    To  burst.     P.  Bruce.— 

Teut.  brost-en,  brusten,  Sw.  brist-a, id. 
BRUSURY,  s.     Embroidery.    Douglas. 
BRUTE,  8,     Report ;  rumour.    The  same 

with  E.  Bruit.    Bell.  Cron. 
BRUZZING,  s.     A  term  used  to  denote  the 
noise  made  by  bears.     Urquhart's  Pabe- 
lais. — Teut.  bruys-en,  rugire,  strepere. 
BRWHS,  s.      Apparently,  the  same  with 

Brus.     Wyntown. 
To  BU,Bue,i\  n.  To  low.  It  properly  denotes 

the  cry  of  a  calf,  S  —  Lat.  bo-are,  id. 
BU,  Boo,  s.     1.  A  sound  meant  to  excite 
terror,  S.     Presb.  Eloquence.     2.  A  bug- 
bear, an   object  of  terror,  ibid. — Belg. 
bauw,  a  spectre  ;  C.B.  bo,  a  hobgoblin. 
BU-KOW,  8.      Any  thing  frightful,  as  a 
scarecrow,  applied  also  to  a  hobgoblin, 
S. — From bu and £o?r,co!f,agoblin.  V. Cow. 
BU-MAN,  s.   A  goblin  ;  the  devil,  S.  Used 

as  Bu-kow. 
BUAT,  s.     A  lantern.    V.  Bowet. 
BUB,  Bob,  s.  A  blast,  a  gust  of  severe  wea- 
ther.    Douglas. — Allied  perhaps  to  Isl. 
bobbe,  malum,  noxae  ;  or  E.  bob,  to  beat, 
as  denoting  the   suddenness  of  its  im- 
*  BUBBLE,  s.    Snot  ;  as  much  snot   as 

comes  from  the  nose  at  once. 
To  BUBBLE,  en.     To   shed  tears   in   a 
snivelling,  blubbering,  childish  way,  S. 
Bibble,  Aberd. 
To  BUBBLE  and  Greet.    A  vulgar  phrase 
denoting  the  act  of  crying  or  weeping, 
conjoined  with  an  effusion  of  mucus  from 
the  nostrils.     Walker's  Pemark.  Pas. 
BUBBLY,  adj.    Snotty,  S.,  A.Bor. 
BUBBLYJOCK,  s.    The  vulgar  name  for 
a  turkey-cock,  S.    Synon.  Polliecock,  S.B. 
Saxon    and   Gael,    Grose. —  The    name 
seems  to  have  originated  from  the  shape 
of  his  comb. 
BUCHT,  s.     A  bending  ;  a  fold.     Also  a 
pen  in  which  ewes  are  milked.  V.  Bought. 




BUCIIT,  Bught,  s.  A  measure  of  fishing 
lines,  being  fifty-five  fathoms,  Shetl.  Evi- 
dently from  the  different  folds  in  these 
lines.     V.  Boucht,  s.,  a  curvature. 

BUCK,  s.  The  carcass  of  an  animal.  Acts 
Ja.  VI.    V.  Bouk,  Buik. 

BUCK,*.  The  beech-tree.— A.S.  boc ;  Su.G. 
boh  ;  Teut.  buecke,  fagus.  V.  Buik,  Buk, 
a  book. 

To  BUCK  out.  To  make  a  gurgling  noise, 
as  liquids  when  poured  from  a  strait- 
necked  bottle,  S.  Probably  formed  from 
the  sound. 

To  BUCK,  r.  n.  To  push,  to  butt,  Perths. 
— Alem.  lock-en,  to  strike  ;  whence 
Wachter  derives  bock,  a  he-goat.  Su.G. 
bock,  inipulsus,  ictus. 

To  BUCK  and  Crune.  To  show  extreme 
solicitude  for  the  possession  of  anything. 
"  Ye  needna  insist  on't,  for  ye  sanna  get 
it,  if  ye  soud  buck  and  crune  for't"; 
Dumfr.  It  perhaps  refers  to  the  conduct 
of  the  buck,  when  rutting,  in  expressing 
his  eagerness  for  the  doe.  Isl.  buck-a,  and 
Germ,  bock-en,  to  strike  with  the  horns, 
to  butt ;  from  bock,  cervus,  caper.  To 
crune  is  to  emit  a  hollow  sound,  as  cattle 
do  when  dissatisfied.     V.  Croyn. 

BUCKALEE.  A  call  to  negligent  herds, 
who  allow  the  cows  to  eat  the  corn,  Mearns. 

BUCKASIE,  Buckacy,  s.  A  kind  of  buck- 
ram or  calamanco.  Act.  Audit.  —  Fr. 
boccasin,  fine  buckram  resembling  taffeta; 
also  calamanco. 

BUCKAW,  g.  The  name  given  to  the  short 
game  by  which  a  bonspel,  or  match  at  cur- 
ling, is  generally  concluded,  Lanarks. — 
Isl.  buck-a,  domare,  subigere,  and  all ;  q. 
that  which  settles  all,  the  conquering 

BUCKBEAN,  s.  A  name  given  in  Roxb. 
to  the  common  trefoil.  It  seems  rather 
to  be  the  Menyanthes  Trifoliata,  Marsh 
trefoil,  or  bog-bean.  It  grows  somewhat 
like  a  bean,  and  many  people  in  S.  infuse 
and  drink  it  for  its  medicinal  virtues. 

BUCKER,  s.  A  name  given  to  a  species  of 
whale,  West  of  S.     Statist.  Ace. 

BUCKETIE,  s.  The  paste  used  by  weavers 
in  dressing  their  webs,  S.O.  ;  corr.  from 
Buckwheat,  the  grain  from  which  it  is 

BUCKIE,  s.  A  smart  blow,  especially  on 
the  chops,  Aberd.  Mearns. — Su.G,  bock, 
inipulsus,  ictus  ;  Alem.  bock-en,  ferire. 

BUCKIE,  s.  Apparently,  the  hind  quarters 
of  a  hare,  Bauffs. — Teut.  buyek,  venter  ; 
et  uterus. 

BUCKIE,  Bucky,  s.  1.  Any  spiral  shell, 
of  whatever  size,  S.  Muse's  Threnodie. 
The  Roaring  Buckie,  Buccinum  unda- 
tum,  Linn.,  is  the  common  great  wilk. — 
— Teut.  buck-en,  to  bow,  to  bend  ;  as  this 
expresses  the  twisted  form  of  the  shell. 
2.  A  perverse  or  refractory  person  is  de- 
nominated a  thrown  buckle,  and  some- 

times, in  still  harsher  language,  a  De'd's 
buckie,  S.     Waverley.    Ramsay. 

BUCKIE  INGRAM,'that  species  of  crab 
denominated  Cancer  bernardus,  New- 

BUCKIE  PRINS.  A  periwinkle  ;  Turbo 
terebra,  Linn.  Also  called  Water-stoups. 

BUCKIE-RUFF,  s.  A  wild  giddy  boy,  or 
romping  girl,  Fife.  Ruff  seems  synon. 
with  Ruffe,  q.  v. 

BUCKIE-T  YAUVE,  s.  A  struggle  ;  a  good- 
humoured  wrestling  match,  Banffs. — 
From  Isl.  buck-a,  subigere,  domare,  or 
bokki,  vir  grandis,  and  tyauve,  the  act  of 
tousing.     V.  Taave,  and  Buckie,  a  blow. 

BUCKISE,  s.     A  smart  stroke,  Aberd. 

To  BUCKISE,  r.  a.  To  beat  with  smart 
strokes,  Aberd. — Teut.  boock-en,  bok-en, 
tundere,  pulsare,  batuere  ;  Fr.  buquer ; 
Germ,  bock-en,  beuk-en ;  Su.G.  bok-a,  id. 
The  origin  seems  to  be  Germ,  bock,  Isl. 
buck-r,  a  ram  or  goat,  as  striking  with  its 

To  BUCKLE,  r.  u.  To  be  married.  Reg. 

To  BUCKLE,  v.a.  1.  To  join  two  per- 
sons in  marriage  ;  used  in  a  low  or  ludi- 
crous sense,  S.  Macneill.  2.  Tobucklewith 
a  person,  to  be  so  engaged  in  an  argument 
as  to  have  the  worst,  Fife.  3.  To  be  buckled 
with  a  thing,  to  be  so  engaged  in  any 
business  as  to  be  at  a  loss  to  accomplish 
it  ;  as,  "  I  was  fairly  buckled  ivi't,"  Fife. 

BUCKLE-THE-BEGGARS,  s.  One  who 
marries  persons  in  a  clandestine  and  dis- 
orderly manner,  S. 

To  BUCKLE  TO,  v.a.  To  join  in  marriage. 
Train's  Poetical  Reveries. 

BUCKSTURDIE,  adj.  Obstinate,  Strath- 
more. — Perhaps  from  Isl.  bock,  caper,  and 
stird-ur,  rigidus,  stiff  as  a  he-goat. 

BUCKTOOTH,  g.  Any  tooth  that  juts  out 
from  the  rest,  S. — Sibb.  derives  this  from 
Boks,  q.  y.  Perhaps  allied  to  Su.G.  bok, 

BUD,  Bude,  v.  impers.  Behoved.  Hogg. 
V.  Boot. 

BUD,  g.  A  gift  ;  generally  one  that  is 
meant  as  a  bribe.  Acts  Ja.  I. — C.B. 
budd,  Corn,  bud,  profit,  emolument.  Or 
shall  we  view  it  as  formed  from  A.S.  bude, 
obtulit,  q.  the  bribe  that  has  been  offered? 

To  BUD,  Budd,  v.  a.  To  endeavour  to 
gain  by  gifts,  to  bribe.     Pitscottie. 

BUDT AKAR,  s.  One  who  receives  a  bribe. 
V.  Bud. 

BUDDEN,  part,  pa.  Asked  ;  invited  ;  as, 
"  I'm  hidden  to  the  waddin',"  I  am  in- 
vited to  the  wedding  ;  Unhidden,  not 
invited,  Roxb. 

BUDE-BE,  s.  An  act  which  it  behoved  one 
in  duty  to  perform,  Clydcs. 

BUDGE,  g.  A  kind  of  bill,  used  in  war- 
fare. Douglas. — O.Fr.  bouge,  boulge,  fau- 
cille,  serpe  ;  Roquefort. 




BUDNA.     Behoved  not ;  might  not,  Roxb. 

A.  Scott. 
To  BUE,  r.  n.    To  low  as  a  bull.    Hue 
denotes  the  lowing  of  a  cow. — C.B.  bu, 
buicch,  signify  both  bos  and  vacca  ;  Isl. 
bu,  armenta. 
BUF,  Baf.     A  phrase  which  seems  to  have 
been  formerly  used  in  S.  expressive  of 
contempt  of  what  another  has  said.     Ni- 
col  Barne. 
BUFE,  s.  Beef,  S.B.— Fr.  boevf,  id.     Isl. 

bufe,  cattle  ;  from  bu,  an  ox. 
To   BUFF,  r.  n.       To  emit  a  dull  sound, 
as  a  bladder  filled  with  wind  does,  S. 
Chr.  Kirk. 
BUFF,  s.   A  term  used  to  express  a  dull 
sound,  S.     It  ployed   buff,  it   made   no 
impression.— Belg.  boff-en,  to  puff  up  the 
cheeks  with  wind  ;  Fr.  bouff-cr,  id. 
To  BUFF,  r.  a.    To  buff  com,  to  give  grain 
half  thrashing,  S.     "  The  best  of  him  is 
buft,"  a  phrase  commonly  used  to  denote 
that  one's  natural  strength  is  much  gone, 
S.— Alem.  buff-en,  pulsare—  To  buff  her- 
ring, to   steep  salted   herrings  in  fresh 
water,  and  hang  them  up,  S. 
BUFF,  s.      A   stroke,  a  blow,   S.      Chr. 
Kirk.—  Fr.  bouffe,  a  blow,  L.B.  buffa, 
To  BUFF  out,  r.  n.    To  laugh  aloud,  S  — 
Fr.  boaffee,  a  sudden,  violent,  and  short 
blast,  buff-ir,  to  spurt. 
BUFF,  s.     Nonsense,  foolish  talk,  S.    Shir- 
refs  —  Teut.  beffe,  id.,  nugae,  irrisio  ;  Fr. 
buffoi,  vanite'  ;  also  moquerie. 
BUFF,  s.     Skin.      Stript  to  the  buff,  stript 
naked,  S.— Perhaps  from  E.  buff  as  de- 
noting leather  prepared  from  the  skin  of 
a  buffalo. 
BUFF  NOR  STYE.    lie  cou'd  neither  say 
buff  nor  stye,  S.,  i.  e.,  "  He  could  neither 
say  one  thing  nor  another."      It  is  also 
used,  but,  I  suspect,  improperly,  in  regard 
to  one  who  has  no  activity  ;  He  has  nei- 
ther buff  nor  stye  with  him,  S.B.      It  is 
used  in  another  form,  to  ken,  or  knoxc, 
neither  buff  nor  stye  :  and  in  Ayrs.  it  is 
used  differently  from  all  these  examples. 
"  He  would  neither  buff  nor  stye  for  fa- 
ther nor  mother,  friend  nor  foe."      The 
Entail. — Teut.   bof,    celeusma,    a   cheer 
made  by  mariners.     Stye  might  be  viewed 
as  referring  to  the  act  of  mounting  the 
shrouds,  from  Su.G.  stig-af  to  ascend. 
BUFFER,  s.     A   foolish  fellow  ;  a  term 
much  used  among  young  people,  Clydes. 
— Fr.  bouffard,  "  often  puffing,  strouting 
out,  swelling  with  anger,"  Cotgr. 
BUFFETS, .«.  pi.    A  swelling  in  the  glands 
of  the  throat,  Aug.  (branks,  synon.)    Pro- 
bably from  Fr.  bottffe,  swollen. 
BUFFETSTOOL,  s.     A  stool  with  sides, 
in  form  of  a  square  table  with  leaves, 
when  these  are  folded  down,  S.  Lincolns. 
id.     A.  Douglas. — Fr.  buffet,  a  sideboard ; 
expl.  by  Roquefort,  dressoir,  which  de- 

notes a  board  for  holding  plates,  without 
box  or  drawer. 
BUFFIE,  Buffle,  adj.     1.  Fat  ;  purfled  ; 
applied  to  the  face,  S.     2.  Shaggy ;  "  as,  a 
buffie  head,"  when  the  hair  is  both  copious 
and  dishevelled,  Fife.     Synon.  Towzie  — 
Fr.  bouffe,  blown  up,  swollen. 
BUFFIL,  adj.     Of  or  belonging  to  the  buf- 
falo;as,"^4«giH//?ZcoaV'acoatof  leather; 
ane  buffi  belt,  a  buff  belt.     This  shows 
that  the  leather  we  now  call  buff  was  ori- 
ginally called  buffi,  or  buffalo.  Aberd.Beg. 
BUFFLIN,  part.  pr.     Rambling,  roving, 
unsettled  ;   still  running   from  place  to 
place,  or  engaged  in  some  new  project  or 
other  ;  a  term  generally  applied  to  boys, 
Tweedd.— Fr.  buffelin,  of  or  belonging  to 
a  wild  ox  ;  q.  resembling  it. 
BUFFONS,  s.  pi.    Pantomimic  dances  ;  so 
denominated  from  the  buffoons,  les  bou- 
fons,  by  whom  they  were  performed.    Gl. 
Compl.—Fr.  boufons,  those  by  whom  they 
were  performed.     V.  Branglis. 
BUG,  pret.    Built.    Minstrelsy  Border.    V. 

Big,  v. 
BUG  SKIN,s.  A  lamb's  skin  dressed.  Act. 

Dom.  Cone. 
BUGABOO,  s.     A  hobgoblin,  Fife  ;  pron. 
as  buggabu. — Perhaps  from  S.  bugge,  bug- 
bear, and  boo,  bu,  a  term  expressive  of 
terror.     V.  Bu. 
BUGASINE,  s.    A  name  for  calico.   Bates. 
BUGE,  s.      "  Lamb's  fur  ;   Fr.  agnelin." 
Rudd.    Douglas.— Ft.  bouge,  E.  budge,id. 
BUGGE,  s.    A  bugbear.  V.  Boggarde. 
BUGGEN,  part.  pa.     Built  ;  from  the  r. 

to  Big,  Clydes. 
BUGGLE,  s.     A  bog,  a  morass,  S.B.     This 
seems  to  be  merely  a  dimin.  from  Ir.  and 
E.  bog. 
BUGHE,  s.     Braid  o/bughe ;  perhaps,  fine 
light  bread  grateful  to  the  mouth,  Aberd. 
Beg.     Bughe,  appears  to  be  a  corr.  from 
Fr.  bouche,  the  mouth  ;  as  pain  de  bouche 
signifies  light  and  savoury  white  bread. 
BUGHT,  s.     A  pen   in   which  the   ewes 

are  milked.     V.  Boucht. 
BUGIL,  Bugill,  s.     A  buglehorn.     Dou- 
glas.— Q,.  buculae  cornu,  the  horn  of  a 
young  cow  ;  or  from  Teut.  boghel,  Germ. 
bugel,  curvatura.       Rather  perhaps  the 
horn  of  a  bull,  as  bugle  and  bull  are  in- 
flections of  the  same  word. 
BUGLE  LACE,  s.     Apparently,   lace  re- 
sembling the   small  bead  called  a  bugle. 
BUICK.      Meaning   uncertain.      Perhaps, 

Teut.  benck  ran  I'schip,  carina. 
BUICK,  pret.     Curtsied  ;  from  the  v.  Beck. 

To  BUIGE,  v.  n.   To  bow,  to  cringe.   Mait- 

land  Boems.—  A.S.  bu<j-an,  to  bend. 
BUIK,  s.     The  body.    V.  Bouk. 
BUIK,  Buke,  pret.      Baked.     Dunbar. — 

A.S.  boc,  coxit,  from  bac-an. 
BUIK,  Brie,  Buke,  Beuk,  s.     1.  A  book, 




S.  Dunbar.  2.  The  Buik,  the  Holy 
Bible  ;  a  phrase  of  respect  resembling 
Lat.  Biblia,  S.  Hence,  To  Tak  the 
Buik,  to  perform  family  worship,  S. 
Cromek's  Remains. — Germ,  buch,  Alem. 
bonch,  Belg.  boek,  A.S.  boc,  Moes.G.  Isl. 
Su.G.  bok,  id.  It  has  been  generally  sup- 
posed that  the  Northern  nations  give  this 
name  to  a  book,  from  the  materials  of 
which  it  was  first  made,  bok,  signifying  a 
beech  tree. 
BUIK-LARE,  s.  Learning,  the  knowledge 
acquired  by  means  of  a  regular  educa- 
tion, S.  Sometimes  merely  instruction 
in  reading. 
BUIK-LEAR'D,  Book-lear'd,  adj.  Book- 
learned,  S.  A.  NicoL— Isl.  boklaerd-ur, 
id.  V.  Lare,  r.  and  s. 
BUIKAR,  s.  Apparently,  a  clerk  or  book- 
keeper.— A.S.  bocere,  scriptor,  scriba ;  in- 
terpres  ;  Moes.G.  bokareis,  scriba. 
BU1L,  s.    Apparently,  a  sheep-fold;  a  byre, 

Shetl.— Su.G.  bode,  byle,  domuncula. 
To  BUIL,  Build,  v.  a.  To  drive  sheep  into 
a  fold,  or  to  house  cattle  in  a  byre,  Shetl.; 
synon.  with  Bucht. 
BUILDING,  s.    The  act  of  enclosing  sheep 

or  cattle,  ibid. 
BUILYETTIS,  Bulyettis,  s.  pi.  Probably, 
pendants.  Inventories.  —  O.Fr.  bulleUes, 
"  such  bubbles  or  bobs  of  glasse  as  wo- 
men weare  for  pendants  at  their  eares," 
BUILYIE,  s.     A  perplexity;  a  quandary. 

— Isl.  bull,  confusio. 
BUIR,  Leg.  Leuir.     Wallace. 
BUIRE,  pret,     Bore  ;  brought  forth.    Pit- 
scot  tie. 
BUISE,  To  shoot  the  buise.     Cleland.— Ap- 
parently, to  swing,  to  be  hanged  ;  perhaps 
from  Ital.  busco,  the  shoot  of  a  tree  ;  q. 
to  spring  from  the  fatal  tree. 
BUIST,  s.      A  part  of  female  dress,  an- 
ciently worn  in  S.  ;  perhaps  stays.  Mait- 
land  P. — Fr.  busq,  or  buste,  a  plaited  body, 
or  other  quilted  thing,  worn  to  make  or 
keep  the  body  straight.     Ital.  busto,  stays 
or  bodice. 
BUIST,  s.     A  thick  and  gross  object ;  used 
of  animate  beings  ;  as,  He's  a  buist  of  a 
fallow,  he  is  a    gross  man.      From  Fr. 
buste,  as  denoting  a  cast  of  the  gross  part 
of  the  body. 
To  BUIST  up,  r.  a.   To  enclose,  to  shut  up. 

BUIST,  v.  impers.  Behoved.  V.  Boot,  But. 
BUIST,  Buste,  Boist,  s.  LA  box  or 
chest,  S.  Meal-buist,  chest  for  contain- 
ing meal.  Acts  Ja.  II.  2.  A  coffin  ; 
nearly  antiquated,  but  still  sometimes 
used  by  tradesmen,  Loth.  3.  The  dis- 
tinctive mark  put  on  sheep  whether  by 
an  iron  or  by  paint;  generally  the  initials 
of  the  proprietor's  name,  Roxb.  Tweedd. 
4.  Transferred  to  anything  viewed  as  a 
distinctive  characteristic  of  a  fraternity. 

Mo7iastery. — O.Fr.  boiste,  Arm.  bouest,  a 
To  BUIST,  v.  a.     To  mark  sheep  or  cattle 
with   the  proprietor's   distinctive  mark, 
Roxb.  Tweedd. 
BUISTIN'-IRON,  s.     The  iron  by  which 
the  mark  on  sheep  is  impressed.     The 
box  in  which  the  iron  is  kept  for  marking 
is  called  the  Tar-buist,  ibid. 
BUIST-MAKER,  s.  A  coffin-maker,  Loth.; 

a  term  now  nearly  obsolete. 
BUISTY,s.  Abed,Aberd.  Gl.  Shirr.;  used 
perhaps  for  a  small  one,  q.  a  little  box. 
V.  Booshty. 
BUITH,  s.    A  shop.    V.  Bothe. 
BUITHHAVER,s.   One  who  keeps  a  shop 

or  booth. 
BUITING,  s.     Booty.    Montgomerie.—Yr. 

butin,  Ital.  butino,  id. 
BUITS,  8.  pi.    Matches  for  firelocks.  Bail- 
lie's  Letters. — Gael,  buite,  a  firebrand. 
To  BUITTLE,  Bootle,V.  n.     To  walk  un- 
gracefully, taking  short  steps,  with  a  stot- 
ting  or  bouncing  motion,  Roxb. 
BUKASY,  Bukkesy,  s.     Fine  buckram  or 
calamanco  ;  a  stuff  formerly  used  for  fe- 
male dress.    V.  Buckasie. 
BUK-HID,  Buk-hud,  s.    Henrysone. — This 
seems  to  be  an  old  name  for  some  game, 
probably    Blindman's-buff,    Bo-peep,    or 
Hide  and  Seek.     V.  Belly-blind. 
To  BUKK,  r.  a.     To  incite,  to  instigate. 
Evergreen. — Germ,  boch-en,  to  strike,  boc- 
ken,  to  push  with  the  horn ;  Su.G.  bock, 
a  stroke  ;  Isl.  buck-a,  calcitrare. 
BULDRIE,  s.     Building,  or  mode  of  build- 
ing. Buret. 
BULFIE,  adj.     Apparently,  buffleheaded  ; 

dull  ;  stupid,  Aberd. 
BULGET,  s.     Perhaps,   bags   or   pouches. 

Balfour's  Pract. — Fr.  boulgette. 
BULYIEMENT,  s.       Habiliments  ;    pro- 
perly such  as  are  meant  for  warfare.  Ross. 
— Bulyiements  is  still  used  ludicrously  for 
clothing,  S.     V.  Abulyiement. 
BULYETTIS,  s.  pi.     Mails  or  budgets.— 

From  Fr.  boulgette,  id.     V.  Bulget. 
BULYON,  s.     Perhaps,  crowd  ;  collection. 

St.  Patrick. — Gael,  bolqan,  a  budget. 
BULLS,  s. pi.    Pot-bulis.     Bools  of  a  pot. 

V.  Bool,  s. 
BULL,  s.     Properly  the  chief  house  on  an 
estate  ;   now    generally   applied   to   the 
principal  farm-house.    Rent  ah 'of Orkn. — 
Isl.  boel,  civitas,  praedium  ;  S.G.  bol,  do- 
micilium  ;  Norw.  bu  signifies  a  dwelling- 
house.     V.  Boo,  Bow. 
BULL, s.     A  dry,  sheltered  place,  Shetl. 
BULL,  s.  Black  Bull  of  Norroway ;  a  bug- 
bear used  for  stilling  children,  Aug. 
To  BULL  in,  r.  a.    To  swallow  hastily  and 
voraciously.     "  /  was  bulling  in  my  break- 
fast," I  was  eating  it  as  fast  as  possible, 
To  BULL,  r.  n.    To  take  the  bull  ;  a  term 
used  with  respect  to  a  cow.      Both  the 




t.  and  s.  are  pron.  q.  bill,  S. — Bill-siller, 
S.j  is  analogous  to  Teut.  botte-gheld,  mer- 
ces  pro  admissura  tauri. 
BULLING,  a-bulling,  part,  pr.  "  The 
cow's  a-bulling"  she  is  in  season,  and 
desires  the  male.  V.  the  v.  to  Bull. 
BULLE,  s.  A  Shetland  oil  measure. — Sw. 
bulle,  cratera  fictilis;  the  same  with  E. 
To  BULLER,  <e.  n.  1.  To  emit  such  a 
sound  as  water  does,  when  rushing  vio- 
lently into  any  cavity,  or  forced  back 
again,  S.  Douglas. — Su.G.  bullr-a  tu- 
multuari,  strepitum  edere.  2.  To  make 
a  noise  with  the  throat,  as  one  does  when 
gargling  it  with  any  liquid,  S. ;  i/uller, 
synon.  Bellenden.  3.  To  make  any  rat- 
tling noise  ;  as  when  stones  are  rolled 
down  hill,  or  when  a  quantity  of  stones 
falls  together,  S.B.  4.  To  bellow,  to 
roar  as  a  bull  or  cow  does,  S.  ;  also  pron. 
hollar,  Aug. — Isl.  baitl-a,  mugire,  baul, 
mugitus.  5.  It  is  used  as  r.  a.  to  denote 
the  impetus  or  act  productive  of  such  a 
sound  as  is  described  above.  Douglas. 
BULLER,  Bulloure,  s.  1.  A  loud  gurgling 
noise,  S.  Douglas.  Hence,  the  Butters 
of  Buchan,  the  name  given  to  an  arch  in 
a  rock,  on  the  coast  of  Aberdeenshire. — 
Su.G.  biiller,  strepitus.  2.  A  bellowing 
noise  ;  or  a  loud  roar,  S.B.  V.  the  v. 
BULLETSTANE,  s.  A  round  stone,  S. 
— Isl.  bollut-ur,  round  ;  bollut,  convexity. 
BULLFIT,  s.  A  martin  ;  a  swift,  Dumfr. 
BULLFRENCH,  s.  Corr.  of  Bullfinch;  as 
the  Greenfinch  is  called  Greenfrench,  and 
Goldfinch,  Go u-dfrench. 
BULLIHEISLE,*s.  A  play  among  boys, 
in  which,  all  having  joined  hands  in  a  line, 
a  boy  at  one  of  the  ends  stands  still,  and 
the  rest  all  wind  round  him.  The  sport 
especially  consists  in  an  attempt  to  heeze 
or  throw  the  whole  mass  over  on  the 
ground,  Upp.  Clydes. 
BULLIHEIZILIE,  s.      A   scramble  ;    a 

squabble,  Clydes. 
BULLION,  s.     A  name  for  the  pudenda  in 
some  parts  of  Orkney — Allied  perhaps  to 
Su.G.  bol-as,  Germ,  bul-en,  moechari ;  O. 
Teut.  bo-el,  ancilla,  concubina. 
To  BULLIRAG,  r.  a.     To  rally  in  a  con- 
temptuous way,  to  abuse  one  in  a  hector- 
ing manner,  S.    Campbell. — Isl.  baul,  bol, 
maledictio,   and   raegia,  deferre,  to  re- 
BULLIRAGGLE,  s.     A  noisy  quarrel,  in 
which  opprobrious  epithets  are  bandied, 
Upp.  Clydes.     V.  Bullirag. 
BULL-OF-THE-BOG,  s.     A  name  given  to 

the  bittern.  Guy  Mannering. 
BULLS,  s.  pi.  Strong  bars  in  which  the 
teeth  of  a  harrow  are  placed,  S.B.  Statist. 
Ace—  Su.G.  bol,  Isl.  bolr,  truncus. 
BULLS-BAGS,  s.  The  tuberous  Orchis, 
Orchis  morio,  and  mascula,  Linn.  Ang. 
and  Mearns.— "  Female  and  Male  Fool- 

stones  ;"  Lightfoot.  It  receives  its  name 
from  the  resemblance  of  the  two  tuber- 
cles of  the  root  to  the  testes. 

BULL'S-HEAD.  A  signal  of  condemna- 
tion, and  prelude  of  immediate  execu- 
tion, said  to  have  been  anciently  used  in 
Scotland.  To  present  a  bull's-head  be- 
fore a  person  at  a  feast,  was  in  the  an- 
cient turbulent  times  of  Scotland,  a  com- 
mon signal  for  his  assassination.  Pits- 

BULL-SEGG,  s.     A  gelded  bull.    V.  Segg. 

BULL-SEGG,  s.  The  great  cat-tail  or 
reedmace,  Typha  latifolia,  Linn.  S.B.  The 
same  with  Bulls-bags,  q.  v. 

BULTY,  adj.  Large,  Fife.— This  may  be 
allied  to  Teut.  bult,  gibbus,  tuber  ;  Belg. 
bult,  a  bunch,  bultje,  a  little  bunch  ;  Isl. 
buhl,  crassus. 

BULWAND,  s.  The  name  given  to  com- 
mon mugwort,  Orkney,  Caithn.  Neill. 

BUM,  s.  A  lazy,  dirty,  tawdry,  careless 
woman,  chiefly  applied  to  women  of  high 
stature. — Perhaps  Isl.  bumb-r,  venter. 

BUM,  s.  A  humming  noise,  the  sound 
emitted  by  a  bee,  S.    V.  the  r. 

To  BUM,  r.  n.  1.  To  buzz,  to  make  a 
humming  noise  ;  nsed  with  respect  to 
bees,  S.  A.Bor.  /.  Nicol.  2.  Used  to 
denote  the  noise  of  a  multitude.  Hamil- 
ton. 3.  As  expressing  the  sound  emitted 
by  the  drone  of  a  bag-pipe,  S.    Ferguson. 

4.  Used  to  denote  the  freedom  of  agree- 
able conversation  among  friends,  S.B. — 
Belg.  bomm-en,  to  resound  ;  Teut.  bomme, 
a  drum. 

BUMBARD,  adj.  Indolent,  lazy.— Ital. 
bombare,  a  humble-bee.  Dunbar. 

BUMBART,  s.  1.  The  drone-bee,  or  per- 
haps a  flesh-fly.  Melrill's  MS.  2.  A 
drone,  a  driveller.     Dunbar. 

BUMBAZED,  Bombazed,  adj.     Stupified, 

5.  Ross. — Q,.  stupified  with  noise  ;  from 
Teut.  bomm-en,  resouare,  and  baesen,  de- 
lirare.     V.  Bazed. 

BUMBEE,  s.  A  humble-bee,  a  wild  bee 
that  makes  a  great  noise,  S.  Bumble-bee, 
id.  A.Bor. — Q.  the  bee  that  bums. 

BUMBEE-BYKE,  s.  A  nest  of  humble- 
bees.     Davidson's  Seasons. 

BUMBELEERY-BIZZ.  A  cry  used  by 
children  to  frighten  cows  with  the  Bizz  of 
the  gadfly,  Loth. 

BUM-CLOCK,  s.  A  humming  beetle,  that 
flies  in  the  summer  evenings.  Burns. 

BUM-FODDER,  s.  Paper  for  the  use  of 
the  water-closet. 

BUMLACK,  Bumlock,  s.  A  small  pro- 
minent shapeless  stone,  or  whatever  en- 
dangers one's  falling,  or  proves  a  stum- 
bling-block, Aberd. — Perhaps  from  Isl. 
bunga,  tumor,  protuberantia. 

BUMLING,  s.  The  humming  noise  made 
by  a  bee. — Lat.  bombil-are,  to  hum  ;  Isl. 
buml-a,  resonare. 

BUMMACK,  Bummock,  s.     1.  An  enter- 




tainment  anciently  given  at  Christmas  by 
tenants  to  their  landlords,  Orkn.  Wal- 
lace's Orhi.  2.  A  brewing  of  a  large 
quantity  of  malt,  for  the  purpose  of  being 
drunk  at  once  at  a  merry  meeting, 
Caithn. — Isl.  6«a,parare,and  JHa</e,  socius, 
q.  to  make  preparation  for  one's  compan- 
ions ;  or  bo,  villa,  incola,  and  mage,  the 
fellowship  of  a  village  or  of  its  inhabi- 

BUMMELER,  Boiler,  s.  A  blundering 
fellow,  S. 

BUMMER,  s.  A  thin  piece  of  wood  with 
which  children  play,  swinging  it  round  by 
a  cord,  and  making  a  booming  sound. 
Evidently  named  from  the  sound  which 
it  produces. 

BUMMIE,  8.  A  stupid  fellow  ;  a  fool, 
Perths.  Stirlings. — Teut.  bomme,  tympa- 
num, q.  empty  as  a  drum  ;  or,  perhaps, 
from  Bumbil,  a  drone,  q.  v. 

BUMMIL,  Bummle,  Bombei.l,  s.  1.  A  wild 
bee.  Davidson.  2.  A  drone,  an  idle  fel- 
low. Burns.  3.  A  blunderer,  Galloway. 
Daridson. — Teut.  bommele,  fucus.  V.  Ba- 

To  BUMMIL,  r.  «.  To  bungle  ;  also,  as 
r.  n.  to  blunder,  S.     Ramsay. 

BUMMING  DUFF.  The  tambourine  ;  a 
kind  of  drum,  struck  with  the  fingers. 

BUMMLE,  s.  A  commotion  in  liquid  sub- 
stances, occasioned  by  the  act  of  throw- 
ing something  into  them,  Shetl. — Isl. 
buml-a,  resonare. 

BUMP,  s.  LA  stroke.  "  He  came  bum}) 
upon  me,"  he  came  upon  me  with  a  stroke, 
S.  2.  A  tumour,  or  swelling,  the  effect 
ofafallor  stroke. — Isl.  bomps,a,  stroke 
against  any  object,  bomp-a,  cita  ruina 

BUMPLEFEIST,  g.  A  sulky  humour  ;  a 
fit  of  spleen.  Y.  Amplefeyst  and  Wdi- 

BUN,  Bum!,  8.  A  sweet  cake  or  loaf;  gen- 
erally one  of  that  kind  which  is  used  at 
the  new  year,  baked  with  fruit  and  spi- 
ceries ;  sometimes,  for  this  reason,  called 
a  sweetie-scone,  S.  Stat.  Ace. — Ir.  bunna, 
a  cake. 

BUN,  g.  1.  The  same  as  E.  bum.  Lyndsay. 
2.  This  word  signifies  the  tail  or  brush  of 
a  hare,  Border ;  being  used  in  the  same 
sense  -with.  fad.  Watson's  Coll. — Ir.  bon, 
bun,  the  bottom  of  any  thing  ;  Dan.  bund, 
id. ;  Gael,  bun,  bottom,  foundation. 

BUN,  s.  A  large  cask  placed  in  a  cart,  for 
the  purpose  of  bringing  water  from  a  dis- 
tance; Aug. — This  maybe  radically  the 
same  with  S.  boyn,  a  washing-tub. 

BUNCE,  interj.  An  exclamation  used  by 
boys  at  the  Edinburgh  High  School. 
When  one  finds  any  thing,  he  who  cries 
Bunce!  has  a  claim  to  the  half  of  it. 
"Stick  up  for  your  bunce,"  stand  to  it, 
claim  your  dividend. — Perhaps  from  bo- 
nus,$is  denoting  a  premium  or  reward. 

To  BUNCH  about.  To  go  about  in  a  hob- 
bling sort  of  way ;  generally  applied  to 
one  of  a  squat  or  corpulent  form,  Roxb. 

BUND-SACK,  g.  A  person  of  either  sex 
who  is  engaged,  or  under  a  promise  of 
marriage  ;  a  low  phrase,  borrowed  from 
the  idea  of  a  sack  being  bound,  and  tied 
up,  S. 

BUNE,  Boox,  g.  The  inner  part  of  the 
stalk  of  flax,  the  core,  that  which  is  of  no 
use,  afterwards  called  shaics,  Ang.  Been, 
id.,  Morays. 

BUNER,  adj.  Upper  ;  comparative,  Upp. 
Clydes.  Loth.     V.  Booner,  Boonmost. 

BUNEWAND,  g.  The  cow-parsnip,  Hera- 
cleum  sphondylium,  is  called  Bunwand, 
S.B.  Montgomerie.  Also,  perhaps,  a  hemp- 
stalk  pilled,  bidlen,  Grose. — This  appears 
to  be  of  the  same  meaning  with  Bunicede. 

BUNG,  adj.  Tipsy ;  fuddled ;  a  low  word, 
S.    Ramsay.     Q.  smelling  of  the  bung. 

To  BUNG,  r.  n.  To  emit  a  booming  or 
twanging  sound,  as  when  a  stone  is  pro- 
jtelled  from  a  sling,  or  like  a  French  top 
thrown  off,  West  and  South  of  S. 

BUNG,  s.  1.  The  sound  thus  emitted  when 
the  stone  or  top  is  thrown  off.  2.  Impro- 
perly used  to  denote  the  act  of  throwing 
a  stone  in  this  way,  S. — Teut.  bunge, 
bonghe,  tympanum.  Ihre  views  Germ. 
bunge,  a  drum,  as  derived  from  Su.G. 
bung-a,  to  beat  or  strike. 

BUNG-TAP,  s.  A  humming-top  ;  so  deno- 
minated from  the  sound  it  makes  when 
in  rapid  motion. 

To  BUNG,  r.  a.  To  throw  with  violence, 
Aberd.     Bum,  synon.,  Loth. 

BUNG,  s.  Pet  ;  huff,  Moray.  In  a  bung; 
in  a  pet  or  huff,  Aberd. 

BUNG Y,  adj.    Huffish ;  pettish ;  testy,  ibid. 

BUNG,  s.  1.  An  old,  worn-out  horse,  Loth, 
synon.  Bassie.    2.  The  instep  of  a  shoe,  S. 

BUNG-FU',  adj.  Full  to  the  bung  ;  quite 
intoxicated  ;  a  low  word. 

BUNGIE,  adj.     Fuddled  ;  a  low  word. 

BUN Y AN,  s.    A  corn;  a  callous  substance. 

BUNYOCH,  g.     The  diarrhoea. 

BUNKER,  Buxkart,  .«.  1.  A  bench,  or 
sort  of  low  chest,  serving  for  a  seat. 
Ramsay.  2.  A  seat  in  a  window,  which 
also  serves  for  a  chest,  opening  with  a 
hinged  lid,  S.  Sir  J.  Sinclair.  3.  It  seems 
to  be  the  same  word  which  is  used  to  de- 
note an  earthen  seat  in  the  fields,  Aberd. 
Law  Case. — A.S.  bene;  Su.G.  baenck,  a 
bench  ;  Isl.  buncke,  acervus,  strues,  a 

BUNKLE,s.  A  stranger.  "  The  dog  barks 
because  he  kens  you  to  be  a  bunkle." 
This  word  is  used  in  some  parts  of  Angus. 
— Perhaps,  originally,  a  mendicant,  from 
Isl.  bon,  mendicatio,  and  karl,  vulgarly 
kail,  homo. 

BUNNEL, .«.  Ragwort.  Senecio  Jacobaea, 
Liun.  Upp.  Clydes.     V.  Bunwede. 

BUNNERTS,  s.  pi.     Cow-parsnip,  S.B. 




Heracleum  sphondylium,  Linn. — Perhaps 
q.  biorn-oert,  which  in  Sw.  would  be,  the 
bear's  wort ;  Isl.  buna,  however,  is  ren- 
dered by  Haldorson,  Pes  bovis,  vel  ursi. 

BUNNLE,  s.  The  cow-parsnip,  Heracleum 
sphondylium,  Linn.,  Lanarks. 

BUNT,  g.  The  tail  or  brush  of  a  hare  or 
rabbit.  Synon.  Bun  and  Fud. — Gael. 
bundun,  the  fundament,  bunalt,  a  founda- 
tion ;  C.B.  bontin,  the  buttock.  It  may, 
however,  be  allied  to  Belg.  bont,  fur,  skin. 

BUNTA,  s.     A  bounty.    V.  Bounteth. 

BUNTY,  s.  A  hen  without  a  rump. — Dan. 
bundt;  Su.G.  bunt,  a  bunch.  Or,  rather, 
V.  Bunt. 

BUNTIN,  adj.  Short  and  thick  ;  as,  a 
buntln  brat,  a  plump  child,  Roxb. 

BUNTLIN,  Corn-buntlin,  s.  1.  Bunting, 
E.  The  Emberiza  miliaria,  a  bird,  Mearns. 
Aberd.     2.  The  Blackbird,  Galloway. 

BUNTLING,  adj.  The  same  as  Buntln, 
Strathmore. — Su.G.  bunt,  fasciculus. 

BUNWEDE,  5.  Ragwort,  an  herb  ;  Sene- 
cio  Jacobaea,  Linn.  S.  biniceed ;  synon. 
weeboic.  Houlate.  —  This  name  is  also 
given,  S.  to  the  Polygonum  convolvulus, 
which  in  Sw.  is  called  Binda. 

BUR.     V.  Creeping-Bur,  Upright-Bur. 

BUR,  s.  The  cone  of  the  fir,  S.B.— Su.G. 
barr  denotes  the  leaves  or  needles  of  the 

BUR,  Bur-Thrissil,  s.  The  spear-thistle, 
S.  Carduus  lanceolatus.  Bur-thistle,  id., 

BUR,  s.  Apparently,  a  bore  or  perforation ; 
as  in  the  head  of  the  spear  into  which  the 
shaft  enters. — Teut.  boor,  terebra,  boor-en, 

To  BURBLE,  v.  n.  To  purl.  Hudson.— 
Teut.  borbd-en,  scaturire. 

BURBLE,  s.  Trouble  ;  perplexity  ;  dis- 
order, Ayrs. — Fr.  barbouill-er,  to  jumble, 
to  confound ;  whence  also  the  v.  Barbuluie. 

BURBLE-HEADED,  adj.  Stupid  ;  con- 
fused, Dumfr. 

BURCH,  Bwrch,  Burowe,  s.  Borough  ; 
town.  Dunbar. — Moes.G.  baurgs;  A.S. 
burg,  burli,  buruh,  id. 

BURD,  s.     A  lady;  a  damsel.     V.  Bird. 

BURD,  Burde,  s.  Board;  table.  Dunbar. 
— Moes.G.  baurd,  asser,  tabula  ;  A.S. 
bord,  id. 

BURD,s.  Offspring,S.— A.S.%rd,nativitas. 

BURDALANE,  s.  A  term  used  to  denote 
one  who  is  the  only  child  left  in  a  family; 
q.  bird  alone,  or  solitary;  burd  being  the 
pron.  of  bird.    Maitland  MSS. 

BURDCLAITH,s.  A  table-cloth,  S.  West- 
morel.,  id.  Dunbar. — From  burd,  and 
claith,  cloth. 

BURD-HEAD,  Boord-head,  g.  The  head 
of  the  table  ;  the  chief  seat,  S.     Ramsay. 

BURDE,  s.  Ground  ;  foundation.  Bellen- 
den. — Su.G.  bord,  a  footstool. 

BURDE,  s.  A  strip ;  properly  an  orna- 
mental selvage;    as,  a  "burde  of  silk," 

a  selvage  of  silk.  Dunbar. — Su.G.  borda, 
limbus  vel  praetexta ;  unde  silkesborda, 
cingulum  sericum  vel  limbus ;  gullbord, 
limbus  aureus  ;  Teut.  board,  limbus. 

BURDENABLE,arf/\  Burdensome.  Spald- 

BURDIE,  s.  A  small  bird  ;  a  young  bird. 
Diminutive  from  E.  bird. 

BURDYHOUSE,  s.  Gang  to  Burdyliouse ! 
A  sort  of  malediction  uttered  by  old 
people  to  those  with  whose  conduct  or 
language  they  are,or  pretend  to  be,  greatly 
dissatisfied. —  From  Fr.  Bourdeaux. 

BURDYN,  adj.  Wooden ;  of  or  belonging 
to  boards.  Wallace. — A.S.  bord ;  S.  burd, 
buird,  a  board,  a  plank. 

BURDING,  s.  Burden.  Montgomerie.— 
V.  Birth,  Byrth. 

BURDINSECK.    V.  Berthinsek. 

BURDIT,  part.  pa.  Stones  are  said  to  be 
burdit,  when  they  split  into  lamina,  S. 
Perhaps  from  burd,  a  board ;  q.  like 
wood  divided  into  thin  planks. 

BURDLY,  Buirdly,  adj.  Large,  and  well- 
made,  S.  The  E.  word  stately,  is  used 
as  synon.  A  buirdly  man.  Burns. — Isl. 
burdur,  the  habit  of  body,  strength,  pro- 
priae  vires  ;afburdurmenn,exceUent  men. 

BURDLINESS,  Buirdliness,  s.  Stateli- 
ness,  S.     V.  Burdly. 

BURDOCKEN,  s.  The  burdock,  Arctium 
lappa.    Train's  P.  Beveries.    V.  Docken. 

BURDON,  Burdoun,  Burdowne,  s.  1.  A 
big  staff,  such  as  pilgrims  were  wont  to 
carry.  Douglas. — Fr.  bourdon,  a  pilgrim's 
staff;  O.Fr.  bourde,  a  baton;  Isl.  brodd- 
sta/ur,  scipio,hastulus,hastile.  2.  Be  staff 
and  burdon,  a  phrase  respecting  either  in- 
vestiture or  resignation.    Bellenden. 

BURDOUN,  s.  "  The  drone  of  a  bagpipe, 
in  which  sense  it  is  commonly  used  in  S." 
Buddiman. — Fr.  bourdon,  id. 

BURDOWYS,  s.  Men  who  fought  with 
clubs.  Barbour. — Burdare  (Matt.  Paris) 
is  to  fight  with  clubs,  after  the  manner 
of  clowns,  qui,  he  says,  Anglis  Burdons. 

BUREDELY,  adv.  Forcibly;  vigorously. 
Sir  Gau-an  and  Sir  Gal.     V.  Burdly. 

BUREIL,  Bural,  adj.  Vulgar;  rustic. 
Wallace.— Chaucer,  borel,  id. ;  L.B.  bu- 
rell-us,  a  species  of  coarse  cloth ;  Teut. 
buer,  a  peasant. 

BURG  of  ice.  A  whale-fisher's  phrase  for 
a  field  of  ice  floating  in  the  sea,  S. — Germ. 
berg,  a  hill  or  mountain.  Eisberg  is  the 
common  term  among  the  Danes,  Swedes, 
and  Dutch  and  German  navigators,  for 
the  floating  mountains  of  ice. 

BURGENS,  s.  pi.  Burgesses.  Wyntovn. 
■ — Lat.  burgens-es. 

BURGEOUN,  s.  Abud;ashoot.  Douglas. 
— Fr.  burgeon,  id. ;  Su.G.  boerja,  oriri ; 
Isl.  bar,  gemma  arborum. 

To  BURGESS,  r.  a.  1.  In  riding  the 
marches  of  a  town,  it  was  an  ancient  cus- 
tom of  the  burgesses  in  their  progress  to 




seize  their  new-made  brethren  by  the 
arras  and  legs,  and  strike  their  buttocks 
on  a  stone.  This  was  termed  bvrgessing, 
Fife.  2.  The  same  term  was  used  by  the 
rabble  in  Edinburgh,  who  were  wont,  on 
the  king's  birth-day,  to  lay  hold  of  those 
who  were  on  their  way  to  the  Parlia- 
ment-House to  drink  his  majesty's  health, 
and  give  them  several  smart  blows  on  the 
seat  of  honour  on  one  of  the  posts  which 
guarded  the  pavement,  or  on  one  of  the 
wooden  boxes  then  used  to  cover  the 
water-plugs.  This  they  called  making 
them  free  of  the  good  town.     V.  Bejan,  v. 

BURIALL,  8.  A  place  of  interment  ;  a 
burying  place. — A.S.  byrigels,  sepultura, 
sepulcrum,  &c. 

BURIAN,  g.  A  mound;  a  tumulus;  or  a 
kind  of  fortification,  S.,  Aust.  Stat.  Ace. 
— From  A.S.  beorg,  burg,  mons,  acervus  ; 
or  byrigenn,  byrgene,  sepulcrum,  monu- 
mentum,  tumulus. 

BURIEL,  $.'  Probably,  a  coarse  and  thick 
kind  of  cloth.  Hay's  Scotia  Sacra. — 
Perhaps  from  Fr.  burell ;  L.B.  burell-us,  id. 

BURIO,  Boreau,  Burrio,  Burior,  Bur- 
riour,  s.  An  executioner.  Bellenden. — 
Fr.  bourreau,  id. 

BURLAW,  Byrlaw,  Birley,  Barley. 
Byrlaie  Court,  a  court  of  neighbours,  re- 
siding in  the  country,  which  determines 
as  to  local  concerns.  Skene.  Reg.  Maj. 
—  From  Belg.  baur,  (boer,)  a  husband- 
man, and  law;  or  as  Germ,  bauer,  A.S. 
bur,  Isl.  byr,  signify  a  village,  as  well  as 
a  husbandman,  the  term  may  signify  the 
law  of  the  village  or  district. 

BURLIE-BAILIE,  s.  An  officer  employed 
to  enforce  the  laws  of  the  Burlaw  Courts. 

BURLED,  Burltt,  part.  pa.  Acts  Ja.  II. 
Does  this  signify  burnt,  from  Fr.  brul-er? 

BURLET,  s.  A  standing  or  stuffed  neck 
for  a  gown. — Fr.  bourlet,  bourrelet,  "  a 
wreath  or  a  roule  of  cloth,  linnen,  or  lea- 
ther, stuffed  with  flockes,  haire,  &c. ;  also, 
a  supporter  (for  a  ruffe,  &.c.)  of  satin,  caf- 
fata,  &c.,and  having  an  edge  like  a  roule," 

BURLY,  s.  A  crowd ;  a  tumult,  S.B.— 
Tent,  borl-en,  to  vociferate.  Hence  E. 

BURLY,  Buirlie,  adj.  Stately;  rough; 
strong;  as  applied  to  buildings.  Wallace. 
— Teut.  boer;  Germ,  bauer,  a  boor,  with 
the  termination  lie,  denoting  resemblance. 

BURLY-HEADED,  adj.  Having  a  rough 
appearance  ;  as,  "  a  burly-headit  fallow," 

BURLY-TWINE,  s.  A  kind  of  strong, 
coarse  twine,  somewhat  thicker  than  pack- 
thread, Mearns. 

BURLINS,  g.  )>l.  The  bread  burnt  in  the 
oven  in  baking,  S.,  q.  bum/ins. 

BURN,  s.     1.   Water;  particularly   that 

which  is  taken  from  a  fountain  or  well,  S. 
Ferguson. — Moes.G.brunna;  Su.G. brunn; 
Isl.  brunn-ur;  Germ,  brun;  Teut.  burn, 
borne,  a  well,  a  fountain ;  Belg.  bornwater, 
water  from  a  well.  2.  A  rivulet;  a  brook, 
S.,  A.Bor.  Douglas. — E.  bourn.  In  this 
sense  only  A.S.  burn  and  byma  occur ; 
or  as  signifying  a  torrent.  3.  The  water 
used  in  brewing,  S.B.  Lyndsay.  4.  Urine, 
S.B.  "  To  make  one's  burn,"  mingere. 
— Germ,  brun,  urina. 

BURN-BRAE,  s.  The  acclivity  at  the  bot- 
tom of  which  a  rivulet  runs,  S. 

BURN-GRAIN,  .«.  A  small  rill  running 
into  a  larger  stream,  Lanarks.  V.  Grain, 

BURNSIDE,  s.  The  ground  situated  on 
the  side  of  a  rivulet,  S.    Antiquary. 

BURN-TROUT,  s.  A  trout  bred  in  a  rivu- 
let, as  distinguished  from  trouts  bred  in 
a  river,  S. 

BURNIE,  Burnt,  is  sometimes  used  as  a 
dimin.,  denoting  a  small  brook,  S.   Beattie. 

To  BURN,  t.a.  1.  One  is  said  to  be  burnt, 
when  he  has  suffered  in  any  attempt.  Ill 
burnt,  having  suffered  severely,  S.  Baillie. 
2.  To  deceive  ;  to  cheat  in  a  bargain,  S. 
One  says  that  he  has  been  brunt,  when 
overreached.  These  are  merely  oblique 
senses  of  the  E.  r.  3.  To  derange  any 
part  of  a  game  by  improper  interference; 
as  in  curling,  to  burn  a  staue,  i.  e.  to 
render  the  move  useless  by  playing  out 
of  time,  Clydes. 

To  BURN,  r.  n.  In  children's  games,  one 
is  said  to  burn  when  he  approaches  the 
hidden  object  of  his  search. 

BURN-AIRN,  .«.  1.  An  iron  instrument 
used,  red-hot,  to  impress  letters,  or  other 
marks,  on  the  horns  of  sheep,  S.  2. 
Metaph.  used  thus,  "  They're  a'  brunt 
wi'  ae  burn-air n,"  they  are  all  of  the  same 
kidney  ;  always  in  a  bad  sense,  Aberd. 

BURN-GRENGE,  s.  One  who  sets  fire  to 
barns  or  granaries. 

To  BURN  THE  WATER.  A  phrase  used 
to  denote  the  act  of  killing  salmon  with 
a  lister  by  torch-light,  South  of  S. 

BURN-WOOD,  s.  Wood  for  fuel.  Brand's 

BURNECOILL,s.  G rite  bur necoill.  Great 
coal.     Acts  J  a.  VI. 

BURNEWIN,  s.  A  cant  term  for  a  black- 
smith, S.  Burns.  *'  Burn-the-urind,.  an 
appropriate  term,"  N. 

BURN1N'  BEAUTY.  A  very  handsome 
female.  This  is  used  negatively  ;  "  She's 
nae  burnin'  beauty  mair  than  me," 

BURNT  SILVER,  Brint  Silver.  Silver 
refined  in  the  furnace,  or  coin  melted 
down  into  bullion,  to  be  recoined.  Acts 
Ja.  II. — Isl.  brendu  si/fri,  id.  Snorro 
Sturleson  shows  that  skirt  silfr,  i.  e.,  pure 
silver,  and  brennt  silfr,  are  the  same. 

BURNET,  adj.    Of  a  brown  colour.    Dou- 




glas. — Fr.  brunette,  a  dark-brown  stuff 
formerly  worn  by  persons  of  quality. 

BURR,  Burrh,  s.  The  whirring  sound 
made  by  some  people  in  pronouncing  the 
letter  r;  as  by  the  inhabitants  of  Nor- 
thumberland, S.  Statist.  Ace.  This  word 
seems  formed  from  the  sound. 

BURRA,  s.  The  name  in  Orkn.  and  Shetl. 
of  the  common  kind  of  rush,  Juncus 

BURRACH'D,  part.  pa.  Enclosed.  V. 

BURREL,  s.  A  hollow  piece  of  wood  used 
in  twisting  ropes,  Ayrs.  V.  Cock-a-bendy. 

BURREL,  s.  Provincial  pronunciation  of 
E.  Barrel,  Renfr.     A.  Wilson's  P. 

BURREL  LEY.  •  Land,  where  at  mid- 
summer there  was  only  a  narrow  ridge 
ploughed,  and  a  large  stripe  or  baulk  of 
barren  land  between  every  ridge,  was 
called  burrel  ley. — Isl.  burcdeg-r,  agrestis, 
incomptus  ;  S.  Bureil,bural,  rustic.  The 
term  might  denote  ley  that  was  not  pro- 
perly dressed. 

BURRY,  adj.  Henrysone. — Either  rough, 
shaggy,  from  Fr.  bourru,  "  flockie,  hairie, 
rugged,"  Cotgr. ;  or  savage,  cruel,  from 
Fr.  bourreau,  an  executioner.    V.  Burio. 

To  BURRIE,  v.  a.  To  overpower  in 
working  ;  to  overcome  in  striving  at 
work,  S.B. — Allied  perhaps  to  Fr.  bourr- 
er,  Isl.  ber-ia,  to  beat. 

BURRY-BUSH,  s.  Supposed  an  errat.  for 

BURRICO,  s.  Perhaps  an  errat.  for  Burrio, 
i.  e.,  executioner. 

BURRIS,  s.  }il.  Probably,  from  Fr.  bourre, 
flocks,  or  locks  of  wool,  hair,  &c.  Acts 
Ja.  VI. 

BURROWE-MAIL,    V.  Mail. 

BURS,  Burres,  s.  The  cone  of  the  fir.  Y. 

BURSAR,  s.  One  who  receives  the  benefit 
of  an  endowment  in  a  college,  for  bearing 
his  expenses  during  his  education  there, 
S.  Bulk  of  Discipline. — L.B.  bursar-ius, 
a  scholar  supported  by  a  pension ;  Fr. 
boursier,  id.,  from  L.B.  bursa,  an  ark,  Fr. 
bourse,  a  purse.  Bourse  also  signifies  "  the 
place  of  a  pensioner  in  a  college,"  Cotgr. 

BURSARY,  Burse,  s.  1 .  The  endowment 
given  to  a  student  in  a  university;  an  ex- 
hibition, S.  Statist.  Ace.  2.  A  purse ; 
"  Ane  commouud  burss."    Aberd.  Reg. 

BURSE,  g.  A  court  consisting  of  merchants, 
constituted  for  giving  prompt  determina- 
tion in  mercantile  affairs,  resembling  the 
Dean  of  Guild's  court  in  S. — From  Fr. 

BURSIN,  Bursex,  Bursten,  part.  pa.  1. 
Burst,  S.  Lyndsay.  2.  Overpowered  with 
fatigue  ;  or  so  overheated  by  exertion  as 
to  drop  down  dead,  S.  The  s.  is  used  in 
a  similar  sense  ;  "  He  got  a  burst." 

BURSTON,  g.  A  dish  composed  of  corn, 
roasted  by  rolling  hot  stones  amongst  it 

till  it  be  made  quite  brown,  then  half 
ground,  and  mixed  with  sour  milk,  Orkn. 

BUS,  (Fr.  m)  interj.  Addressed  to  cattle  ; 
equivalent  to  "  Stand  to  the  stake  !" 
Dumfr.  Evidently  from  Buse,  a  stall,  q.v. 

BUS,  s.  A  bush,  S.,  buss.  Douglas.  V.  Busk. 

BUSCH,  s.  Boxwood,  S.B-.  Douglas.— 
Belg.  bosse-boom,  busboom;  Fr.  bouis,  bids; 
Ital.  busso,  id. 

To  BUSCH,  v.  n.  To  lay  an  ambush;  pret. 
buschyt.  Wallace.  O.K. bussed, R.Brunne. 
— Ital.  bosc-are,  imbosc-are,  from  bosco,  q. 
to  lie  hid  among  bushes. 

BUSCHEMENT,  s.  Ambush.  Wallace.— 
O.E.  bussement,  R.  Brunne. 

BUSCH,  Bus,  Busiie,  ?.  1.  A  large  kind  of 
boat  used  for  the  herring  fishing,  S.  ; 
buss,  E.     2.  Anciently  a  small  ship. 

BUSCHE-FISHING,  s.  The  act  of  fishing 
in  busses,  S. 

To  BUSE,  Bust,  v.  a.  To  enclose  cattle  in 
a  stall,  S.B. — A.S.  bosg,  bosig,  praesepe  ; 
E.  boose,  a  stall  for  a  cow,  Johns. 

BUSE,  Buise,  Boose,  s.  A  cow's  stall  ;  a 
crib,  Lanarks. ;  the  same  with  E.  boose. 

Weir-Buse,  s.  A  partition  between  cows, 
Lanarks. — Flandr.  veer,  sepimentum,  and 
buse,  a  stall. 

BUSE-AIRN,  g.  An  iron  for  marking 
sheep,  Clydes.  Buse  softened  from  Buist, 
used  to  denote  the  mark  set  on  sheep. 

To  BUSH,  r.  a.  To  sheathe  ;  to  enclose  in 
a  case  or  box,  S. ;  applied  to  the  wheels 
of  carriages. — Su.G.  bosse;  Germ,  buchse ; 
Belg.  bosse,  a  box  or  case  of  any  kind ; 
Sw.  huilbosse,  the  inner  circle  of  a  wheel 
which  encloses  the  axletree. 

BUSCH,  Bousche,  s.  A  sheath  of  this  de- 

BUSH,  interj.  Expressive  of  a  rushing 
sound ;  as  that  of  water  rushing  out, 
Tweedd.  J.  Nicol. — L.B.  bus-bas,  a  term 
used  to  denote  the  noise  made  by  fire- 
arms or  arrows  in  battle. 

BUSHEL,  g.  A  small  dam,  Fife.  Synon. 
Gushel,  q.  v. 

BUSK,  s.  A  bush.  Douglas.— Su.G.  Isl. 
buske;  Germ,  busch;  Belg.  bosch,  frutex ; 
Ital.  bosco,  a  wood. 

To  BUSK,  v.  a.  1.  To  dress;  to  attire 
one's  self;  to  deck,  S. ;  bus,  A.Bor.,  id. 
Douglas. — Germ,  butz-en,  buss-en;  Belg. 
boets-en;  Su.G.  puts-a,puss-a,  ornare,  de- 
corare  ;  Germ,  butz,  buss,  ornatus ;  hence 
butz  frauu,  a  well-dressed  woman.  2.  To 
prepare ;  to  make  ready,  in  general,  S. 
Sir  Tristrem.  3.  To  prepare  for  defence ; 
used  as  a  military  term.  Spaldhig.  4.  v.  n. 
To  tend ;  to  direct  one's  course  towards. 
Gawan  and  Gol.  5.  It  sometimes  seems 
to  imply  the  idea  of  rapid  motion;  as 
equivalent  to  rush.    Barbour. 

BUSK,  Buskry,  g.  Dress  ;  decoration. 
M '  Ward's  Contendinqs. 

To  BUSK  HUKES.  '  To  dress  fishing- 
hooks  ;  to  busk  flies,  id.,  S.     Waverlcy. 




BUSKENING,  s.    Sir  Egeir.— Apparently 

high-flown  language,  like  that  used  on 
the  stage ;  from  E.  buskin,  the  high  shoe 
anciently  worn  by  tragedians. 

BUSKER,  s.     One  who  dresses  another. 

BUSKIE,  adj.    Fond  of  dress,  S.    Tarras. 

BUSKING,  s.  Dress  ;  decoration.  Acts 
Ja.  VI. 

BUSS,  s.     A  bush.    Picken. 

BUSSIE,  adj.    Bushy,  S. 

BUSS-TAPS.  To  gang  o'er  the  buss-taps, 
to  behave  extravagantly ;  q.  to  go  over 
the  tops  of  the  bushes,  Roxb. 

To  BUSS,  v.a.  1.  To  deck,  Lanarks. ;  synon. 
Busk,  q.  v.  2.  To  dress  ;  as  applied  to 
hooks,  Roxb.  A.  Scott's  Poems. — Germ. 
buss-en,  ornare. 

BUSS,  s.  A  small  ledge  of  rocks  projecting 
into  the  sea,  covered  with  sea-weed  ;  as, 
the  Buss  of  Nachaven,  the  Buss  of  Wer- 
die,  &c. 

BUSSIN,  s.  A  linen  cap  or  hood  worn  by 
old  women,  much  the  same  as  Toy,  q.  v. 
West  of  S. — Perhaps  from  Moes.G.  buss- 
us,  fine  linen ;  Gr.  fiv&irivov,  id. 

BUSSING,  s.  Covering.  Evergreen. — Per- 
haps from  Germ,  busch,  fascis,  a  bundle, 
a  fardel. 

BUST,  s.    A  box.    V.  Buist. 

BUST,  Boost,  s.  "  Tar  mark  upon  sheep, 
commonly  the  initials  of  the  proprietor's 
name,"  Gl.  Sibb. — Perhaps  what  is  taken 
out  of  the  tar-bust  or  box. 

To  BUST,  v.  a.  To  powder ;  to  dust  with 
flour,  Aberd.  Must,  synon. — This  v.  is 
probably  formed  from  bust,  buist,  a  box, 
in  allusion  to  the  meal-buist. 

To  BUST,  r.  a.  To  beat,  Aberd.— Isl. 
boest-a,  id. 

BUST,  part.  pa.  Apparently  for  busked, 
dressed.     Poems  16th  Cent.     V.  Buss,  v. 

BUST,  (Fr.  n)  i:  wipers.  Behoved  :  "He 
bust  to  do't,"  he  was  under  the  necessity 
of  doing  it.  This  is  the  pron.  of  Wigtons., 
while  Bud  is  that  of  Dumfr.  V.  Boot, 
But,  r.  imp. 

BUSTIAM,  Bustian,  s.  A  kind  of  cloth, 
now  called  Fustian,  Ayrs.     Picken's  Gl. 

BUSTINE,  adj.  "Fustian,  cloth,"  Gl, 
Ramsay. — Perhaps  it  rather  respects  the 
shape  of  the  garment ;  from  Fr.  buste, 
"  the  long,  small,  or  sharp-pointed,  and 
hard-quilted  belly  of  a  doublet,"  Cotgr. 

BUSTUOUS,  Busteous,  adj.  1.  Huge  ; 
large  in  size.  Douglas.  2.  Strong;  power- 
ful. Lyndsay.  3.  "  Terrible  ;  fierce," 
Rudd.  —  C.B.  bicystus,  brutal,  ferocious; 
from  bwyst,  wild  ;  ferocious  ;  savage. 
4.  Rough  ;  unpolished.  Douglas. — Su.G. 
bus-a,  cum  impetu  ferri ;  Teut.  boes-en, 
impetuose  pulsare. 

BUSTUOUSNESS,s.  Fierceness;  violence. 



Without ;  as,  "  Touch  not  the 

cat  but  a  glove."     Motto  of  the  Macin- 

BUT,  conj.  and  adv.  1.  Marking  what  has 
taken  place  recently  as  to  time  ;  only, 
that,  but  that.  2.  Sometimes  used  as  a 
conj.  for  that.     Spalding. 

BUT,  adv.  1.  To,  or  towards  the  outer 
apartment  of  a  house  ;  as,  "  He  gaed  but 
just  now,"  he  went  to  the  outer  apart- 
ment just  now.  2.  In  the  outer  apart- 
ment ;  as, "  He  was  but  a  few  minutes  ago," 
he  was  in  the  outer  apartment  a  few 
minutes  ago. 

BUT,  prep.  Towards  the  outer  part  of  the 
house  ;  "Gae  but  the  house,"  go  to  the 
outer  apartment,  S.  Boss. — A.S.  bute, 
buta;  Teut.  buyten,  extra,  foras,  forth,  out 
of  doors.     V.  Ben. 

BUT  GIF,  conj.    Unless.'    Keith's  Hist. 

BUT,  But-House,  s.  The  outer  apartment 
of  a  house,  S.     Dunbar. 

BUT, prep.  Besides.  Barbour. — A.S.butan, 

BUT,  v.  imp.  Expressive  of  necessity,  S. 
V.  Boot. 

BUT,  s.  Let;  impediment,  S.  This  is 
merely  the  prep.,  denoting  exclusion, 
used  as  a  substantive. 

BUT  AND,  prep.     Besides.     V.  Botand. 

To  BUTCH,  v.  a.  To  slaughter  ;  to  kill  for 
the  market,  S.;  pron.  q.  Bootch,  West- 
moreland, id. 

To  BUTE,  v.  a.  To  divide  ;  as  synon.  with 
part. — Su.G.  Isl.  byt-a,  pronounced  but-a, 
primarily  signifies  to  change,  to  exchange, 
in  a  secondary  sense,  to  divide,  to  share  ; 
Teut*  buet-en,  buyt-en,  permutare,  com- 
mutare,  and  also  praedari,  praedam  fa- 
cere  ;  Su.G.  Isl.  byte,  denotes  both  ex- 
change and  spoil.     V.  Baiting. 

BUTELANG,  s.  The  length  or  distance 
between  one  butt,  used  in  archery,  and 
another.    Acts  Ja,  VI. 

BUTER,  Butter,  s.   Bittern.  V.  Boytour. 

BUTIS,  s.  pi.  Boots.  "  Ane  pair  of  butis." 
Aberd.  Beg. 

BUTOUR,  s.  Perhaps,  the  foot  of  a  bittern. 
Inventories.— Teut.  butoor ;  Fr.  butor. 

BUTT,  s.  1.  A  piece  of  ground,  which  in 
ploughing  does  not  form  a  proper  ridge, 
but  is  excluded  as  an  angle,  S.  2.  A 
small  piece  of  ground  disjoined  from  the 
adjacent  lands. — Fr.  bout,  end,  extremity ; 
L.B.  butta  terrae,  agellus.  3.  Those  parts 
of  the  tanned  hides  of  horses  which  are 
under  the  crupper,  are  called  butts,  pro- 
bably as  being  the  extremities,  S. 

BUTT-RIG,s.  Aridge.  V.underRiG,RiGG. 

BUTT,  s.  Ground  appropriated  for  prac- 
tising archery,  S.  An  oblique  use  of  the 
E.  term,  which  denotes  the  mark  at 
which  archers  shoot. — Our  sense  of  the 
word  may  be  from  Fr.  butte,  an  open  or 
void  space. 

To  BUTT,  v.  a.  To  drive  at  a  stone  lying 
near  the  mark  in  curling,  so  as,  if  pos- 
sible, to  push  it  away,  Galloway;  To 
ride,  synon.  Aug.    Davidson's  Seasons. 




To  BUTTER,  ».  a.  To  flatter;  to  coax. 
A  low  word,  S. ;  from  the  idea  of  render- 
ing bread  more  palatable,  by  besmearing 
it  with  butter. 

BUTTERIN',  s.     Flattery,  S. 

BUTTER  and  BEAR-CAFF.  Gross  flat- 
tery.    It's  a1  butter  and  bear-caff,  S.B. 

BUTTER-BOAT,  s.    V.  Boat. 

BUTTER-BRUGHTINS,  s.  pi.  V.  Brugh- 


BUTTER-CLOCKS.  Small  morsels  of  but- 
ter floating  on  the  top  of  milk,  Roxb. 

BUTTLE,  Battle,  s.  A  sheaf;  a  bundle 
of  hay  or  straw.  Originally  the  same 
with  E.  bottle ;  and  allied  to  Teut.  bussel, 

BUTTOCK  MAIL,  s.     A  ludicrous  desig- 

nation given  to  the  fine  exacted  by  an  ec- 
clesiastical court  as  a  commutation  for 
public  satisfaction  in  cases  of  fornication, 
&c,  S.  V.  Mail,  s.  as  denoting  tribute,  &c. 

BUTWARDS,  adr.  Towards  the  outer 
part  of  a  room,  or  house,  S.B.     Ross. 

BWIGHT,s.     A  booth.     Aberd,  Beg. 

BWNIST,  adj.  Uppermost.  Dunbar.— 
From  boon,  contr.  from  abone,  above, 
corresponding  to  modern  boonmost,  up- 
permost, q.  v.  Belg.  bovenste,  id.  from 
boren,  above. 

BYAUCH,  (gutt.  monos.)  s.  Applied  to  any 
living  creature,  rational  or  irrational;  as, 
"  a  peerie  br/aiicli^  a  small  child;  a  puny 
calf,  &c,  Orkn.  Caithn.  This  seems  to 
differ  little  from  Batch,  Baichie,  a  child. 

CA,  Caw,  s.  A  walk  for  cattle,  a  particu- 
lar district,  S.B.  V.  Call,  Caw,  r.  Boss. 

CA,  s.  A  pass  or  defile  between  hills,  Su- 
therl.    Statist.  Ace. 

To  CA',  r.  a.   To  drive,  &c.  V.  under  Call. 

To  CA'  in  a  Chap.  To  follow  up  a  blow, 
Aberd. ;  undoubtedly  borrowed  from  the 
act  of  driving  a  nail,  &c. 

CA'  o'  the  Water.  The  motion  of  the  waves 
as  driven  by  the  wind  ;  as,  The  ca'  o'  the 
water  is  west,  the  waves  drive  towards  the 
west,  S.     V.  Call,  v. 

To  CA',  Caw,  v.  a.     To  call,  S. 

CA', .«.  Abbrev.  for  calf ;  a  soft,  foolish 
person,  Roxb. 

To  CA',  r.  n.     To  calve,  S.O.     Gl.  Picken. 

CA,  Caw,  s.  Quick  and  oppressive  respira- 
ation  ;  as,  "  He  has  a  great  caw  at  his 
breast,"  S. 

To  CAB,  r.  a.  To  pilfer,  Loth.  ;  perhaps 
originally  the  same  with  Cap,  q.  v. 

CABARR,  s.    A    lighter.    Spalding.    V. 

G  A  BERT. 

CABBACK,  s.     A  cheese.  V.  Kebbuck. 

CABBIE,  Kebbie,  s.  A  box,  made  of  laths, 
narrow  at  the  top,  used  as  a  pannier  for 
carrying  grain  on  horseback  ;  one  being 
carried  on  each  side  of  the  horse  ;  Su- 
therl.     Statist.  Acct. 

C  ABBRACH,  adj.  Rapacious,  laying  hold 
of  everything,  S.B.  Boss.— Gael,  cabh- 
rach,  an  auxiliary. 

CABELD,«tf/.  Reined,  bridled.  Dunbar. 
— Teut.  kebel,  a  rope. 

CABIR,  Kabar,  Kebbre,  s.  1.  A  rafter, 
S.  Douglas.  The  thinnings  of  young 
plantations  are  in  the  Highlands  called 
Kebbres.  Kebbres  do  not  mean  rafters, 
only  the  small  wood  laid  upon  them,  im- 
mediately under  the  divots  or  thatch. 
2.  The  same  term  is  used  to  denote  the 
transverse  beams  in  a  kiln,  on  which 
grain  is  laid  for  being  dried,  S.  3.  Used 
in  some  parts  of  S.  for  a  large  stick  ;  like 

katt,  rung,  &c. — C.B.  keibr;  Corn,  keber,  a 
rafter ;  Ir.  cabar,  a  coupling ;  Teut.  keper, 
a  beam,  a  brace. 

CABOK,  s.    A  cheese.    V.  Kebbuck. 

CABROCH,  adj.  Lean,  meagre  ;  skeebroch, 
Galloway.  Evergreen. — lr.  Gael,  scabar, 

CACE,  Cais,  y.  Chance,  accident.  On  cace, 
by  chance.  Douglas. — Fr.  cas.  Lat.  cas- 
us, id. 

To  CACHE,  r.  n.  To  wander  ;  to  go  astray. 
Bauf  Coil-year. — O.Fr.  cach-ier,  agiter, 

To  CACHE,  Caich,  Cadge,  v.  a.  To  toss, 
to  drive,  to  shog,  S.  Douglas. — Belg. 
kaats-en,  to  toss,  ltal.  cacc-iare,  to  drive. 

CACHE-KOW, .«.  A  cow-catcher,  a  cow- 
stealer.  Douglas.  Rather,  perhaps,  a 
poinder,  or  officer  appointed  to  seize  and 
detain  cows  or  other  cattle  found  feeding 
on  the  property  of  another.  V.  Pund- 

CACHEPILL,  s.  Perhaps  tennis-court. 
Aberd.  Beg. 

CACHE-POLE,  Catchpule,  s.  The  game 
of  tennis.  Chalmers'  Mary. — From  Belg. 
kaatspel,  id.;  as  the  ball  used  in  tennis  is 
called  kaatsbal,  and  the  chase  or  limits  of 
the  game  kaats. 

CACHESPALE  WALL.  Meaning  doubt- 
ful.    V.  Cachepill. 

To  CACKIE,  v.  n.  To  go  to  stool  ;  gener- 
ally used  in  regard  to  children,  S. 

CACKS,  Cackies,  «./>/.  Human  ordure,  S. 
Both  the  r.  and  8.  have  been  of  almost 
universal  use  among  the  western  nations. 
—C.B.  cach-u;  Ir.  Gael,  cac-am;  Teut. 
kack-en  ;  Isl.  kuck-a ;  ltal.  cac-are;  Hisp. 
cigar;  Lat.  cac-are;  O.E.  cacke,  to  go 
tostool ;  A.S.  cac;  Teut.  kack ;  Isl.  kuk-r; 
C.B.  Armor,  each  ;  O.Fr.  cac-a,  cac-ai ; 
Hisp.  cac-a  ;  Lat.  cac-atus,  stercus,  foria, 
merdus,  &c;  A.S.  cac-hus ;  Teut.  kack- 
huys,  latrina,  a  privy. 


1  I: 


CADDES,  s.     A  kind  of  woollen  cloth.   In- 
ventories.— Fr.  cadis,  a  kind  of  drugget. 
CADDIS,  s.     Lint  for  dressing  a  wound,  S. 

Gael,  cadas,  a  pledget. 
CADDROUN.  s.    A  caldron.     Aberd.  Re<]. 
CxADGE,  s.     A  shake  ;  a  jolt. 
To  CADGE.     V.  Cache. 
CADGELL,  s.  A  wanton  fellow.  V.  Caigie. 
CADGY,  Cady,  adj.     V.  Caigie. 
CADGILY,  adv.     Cheerfully,  S.  Ferguson. 
CADIE,  s.     1.  One  who  gains  a  livelihood 
by  running  errands,  or  delivering  mes- 
sages ;  a  member  of  a  society  in   Edin- 
burgh, instituted  for  this  purpose,  S.  Fer- 
guson.    2.    A   boy  ;    especially   as   em- 
ployed in  running  errands,  or  in  any  infe- 
rior sort  of  work,  S.     3.  A  young  fellow  ; 
used  in  a  ludicrous  sense,  S.   Bums.   4.  A 
young  fellow  ;  used  in  the  language  of 
friendly  familiarity,  S.    Picken. — Fr.  ca- 
det, a  younger  brother. 

CADOUK,  Caddouck,?.  A  casualty.  Mon- 
ro's Exped. — L.B.  caducum,  haereditas, 
(from  cad-ere,)  something  that  falls  to 
one,  in  whatever  way.     E.  a  windfall. 

CADUC,  adj.  Frail,  fleeting.  Complaynt  8. 
—  Fr.  caduque,  Lat.  caduc-us,  id. 

CAFF,  s.  Chaff,  S.  Ramsay.— A.S.  ceaf, 
Germ,  leaf,  id.  palea. 

CAFLIS,s.^.     Lots.     V.  Cavel. 

CAFT,pret.v.  Bought;  for  coft.  Tannahill. 

CAGEAT,  s.  A  small  casket  or  box.  In- 
ventories.— Apparently  corr.  of  Fr.  cas- 
sette, id.  It  also  denotes  a  till,  or  small 
shallow  box,  in  which  money  is  kept. 

CAHOW.  The  cry  at  Hide-and-Seek,  by 
those  who  hide  themselves,  to  announce 
that  the  seeker  may  commence  his  search, 

CAHUTE,  s.  1.  The  cabin  of  a  ship. 
Evergreen.  2.  A  small  or  private  apart- 
mentof  any  kind,  Douglas. — Germ,  kaiute, 
koiute,  Su.G.  kaijuta,  the  cabin  of  a  ship. 

CAIB,  s.  The  iron  employed  in  making  a 
spade,  or  any  such  instrument  ;  Sutherl. 
— Gael,  ceibe,  a  spade.     Statist.  Ace. 

CAICEABLE,  adj.  What  may  happen  ; 
possible.  Probably  different  from  Case- 
able,  q.  v.,  and  allied  to  On  cace,  by  chance. 

CAICHE,  s.  The  game  of  hand-ball.  V. 

CAIDGINESS,  s.  1.  Wantonness,  S.  2. 
Gaiety;  sportiveness,  S.  3.  Affectionate 
kindness,  Lanarks. 

CAIF,  Kx\f,  adj.  1.  Tame,  South  of  S. 
2.  Familiar,  Roxb.  Gl.  Sibb.— Sw.  kufw-a, 
to  tame. 

To  CAIGE,  Caidge,  v.  n.  To  wanton,  to 
wax  wanton.  Philotus. — Su.G.  kaett-jas, 

CAIGH,  s.  Caigh  and  care;  anxiety  of 
every  kind,  Renfr. 

CAIGIE,  Cajdgy,  Cady,  Keady,  adj.  1. 
Wanton,  S.  Kiddy,  Ang.  Lyndsay.  2. 
Cheerful,  sportive  ;  having  the  idea  of 
innocence   conjoined,   S.      Ramsay,      3. 

Affectionately    Kind,   or  hospitable,  La- 
narks. Dumfr.  Roxb. — Dan.  kaad,  Su.G. 
kaat,  salax,  lascivus  ;  Isl.  kaat-ur,  hilaris. 
C  AIK,  s.     A  stitch,  a  sharp  pain  in  the  side, 
South  of  S.     Gl.  Sibb.— Teut.  koeck,  ob- 
structs hepatis. 
CAIK,  .<.     A  cake  of  oatmeal,  S.     Knox. 
CAIKBAKSTER,  s.     Perhaps,  a  biscuit- 
baker.     Caikbacksteris,  Aberd.  Re.). 
CAIK-FUMLER,  ?.      A  parasite,  a  toad- 
eater,  a  smell-feast  ;  or  perhaps  a  cove- 
tous wretch.     Douglas. 
CAIKIE,  s.    A  foolish,  silly  person,  Peebles ; 
viewed  as  synon.with^u/Wt',  id.,Selkirks. 
V.  Gawkie. 
CAIL,  s.     Colewort,  S.     V.  Kail. 
CAILLIACH,  s.  An  old  woman,  Highlands 
of  S.     Wa  eerie y. — Gael.  Ir.  cailleach,  id. 
CAYNE,  s.     An  opprobrious  term,  used  in 

his  Flyting  by  Kennedy. 
CAIP,  s.     A  kind  of  cloak  or  mantle  an- 
ciently worn  in  S.     Inventories. — Su.G. 
kappa,  pallium. 
CAIP,  Cape,  s.      The  highest  part  of  any 
thing,  S.      Hence,  caip-stane,  the  cope- 
stone,   S. — Teut.   kappe,  culmen  ;    C.  B. 
koppa,  the  top  of  any  thing. 
To  CAIP  a  roof.     To  put  the  covering  on 

the  roof,  S. 
To  CAIP  a  wall.     To  crown  a  wall. 
CAIP,  s.     A  coffin.     Henrysone. — A.S.  cafe, 

cavea.  V.  Cope. 
To  CAIR,  Care,  r.  n.  To  rake  from  the 
bottom  of  any  dish  of  soup,  &c,  so  as  to 
obtain  the  thickest  ;  to  endeavour  to 
catch  by  raking  ab  into,  Roxb.  Clydes. 
S.B.  Hence  the  prov.  phrase,  "If  ye 
dinna  cair,  ye'll  get  nae  thick." — "  Care, 
to  rake  up,  to  search  for  ;  Sw.  kara,  col- 
ligere,  Teut.  karcn,  eligere  ;"  Gl.  Sibb. 
CAIR,  s.    The  act  of  extracting  the  thickest 

part  of  broth,  &c,  as  above. 
To  CAIR,  Kaik,  t.  a.     1.  To  drive  back- 
wards and  forwards,  S.      Care,  Gl.  Sibb. 
2.  To  extract  the  thickest  part  of  broth, 
hotch-potch,  &c.  with  the  spoon,   while 
supping.  This  is  called  "  cab-in'  the  kail," 
Upp.  Clydes. — Isl.  keir-a,  Su.G.  koer-a, 
vi  pellere. 
To  CAIR,  Cayr,  v.  n.     1.  To  return  to  a 
place  where  one  has  been  before.     Wal- 
lace.    2.  Simply  to  go. — A.S.  cerr-an,  to 
return,  Belg.   keer-en,  Germ,  ker-en,  to 
CAIR,    Caar,    Carry,    Ker,    adj.      Left. 
Hence   cair-handit,   carry-handit,    caar- 
handit,  left-handed,  S.     V.  Ker. 
CAIRBAN,s.      The   basking   shark.      Y. 

CAIR-CLEUCK,  s.    The  left  hand,  S.B.  V. 

CAYRCORNE,  s.     Perhaps,  inferior  corn 
for  cattle.     Aberd.  Reg. — Gael,  ceathera, 
pron.  caira,  cattle,  four-footed  beasts. 
CAIRD,  Card,  Kaird,  s.     1.  A  gipsy  ;  one 
who  lives  by  stealing,  S.    Ross.    2.  A  tra- 




Veiling  tinker,  S.  Burns.  3.  A  sturdy 
beggar,  S. ;  synon.  with  Soritar.  4.  A 
scold,  S.B. — Ir.  ceard,  ceird,  a  tinker. 
CAIRN,  g.  LA  heap  of  stones  thrown 
together  in  a  conical  form,  S.  Pennant. 
2.  A  building  of  any  kind  in  a  ruined 
state,  a  heap  of  rubbish,  S.  Bums. — 
Gael.  Ir.  came,  C.B.  carneddaw,  id.  Ed. 
Lhuyd  asserts  that  in  C.B.  "  kaern  is  a 
primitive  word  appropriated  to  signify 
such  heaps  of  stones." 
CAIRNY.      Abounding    with    calms,    or 

heaps  of  stones,  S.     TanndhUl. 
CAIRNGORM,  Cairngorum,s.  A  coloured 
crystal,  which  derives  its  name  from  a 
hill  in  Inverness-shire  where  it  is  found. 
It  has  been  called  the  Scottish  Topaz; 
but  it  now  gives  place  to  another  crystal 
of  a  far  harder  quality  found  near  Iuver- 
cauld.     Shaw's  Moray. 
CAIRN-TANGLE, s.  Fingered  Fucus,  Sea- 
Girdle,  Hangers;  Fucus  digitatus,  Linn. 
Aberd.  Mearns. 
CAIRT,  s.      A  chart  or  map.      Bare!.— 

Teut.  karte ;  Fr.  carte,  id. 
CAIRTS,  s.  pi.     1.  Cards,  as  used  in  play, 
S.     2.  A  game  at  cards,  S. — Fr.  carte,  id. 
V.  Cartes. 
CAIRTAR1S,  s.  pi.      Players   at   cards. 

CA1R- WEEDS,  s.  pi.     Mourning  weeds, 

q.  "  weeds  of  care."     Dunbar. 
ToCMT,c.n.     V.  Cate. 
CAITCHE,  Caiche,  s.      A  kind  of  game 
with   the   hand-ball.       Lyndsay. — Teut. 
ketsc,  ictus  pilae,  kaets-en,  ludere  pila. 
To  CAIVER,  Kaiver,  t.  n.      To  waver  in 
mind  ;  to  be  incoherent,  as  persons  are  at 
the  point  of  death,  Roxb. 
CAIZlE,s.     LA  fishing-boat.     2.  A  chest, 

Shetl.— Teut.  kasse,  capsa. 
*  CAKE,  s.     Distinctive  designation  in  S. 

for  a  cake  of  oatmeal. 
CALCHEN,  (gutt.)  s.  A  square  frame  of 
wood,  with  ribs  across  it,  in  the  form  of  a 
gridiron,  on  which  candle-fir  is  dried  in 
the  chimney,  S.B. — Isl.  klalke,  a  sledge, 
sperru-kialki,  rafters. 
To  CALCUL,  v.  a.     To  calculate,  Aberd. 

Reg.  V.  Calkil. 
CALD,  Cauld,  adj.  1.  Cold,  S.  Popular 
Ball.  2.  Cool,  deliberate,  not  rash  in 
judgment.  Douglas.  3.  Dry  in  manner, 
not  kind,  repulsive  ;  as,  "  a  caidd  word," 
S.— Moes.G.  kalds,  A.S.  ceald,  Alem. 
chalt,  Isl.  kalt,  frigidus. 
CALD,  Cauld,  s.  1.  Cold,  the  privation  of 
heat,  S.  Wyntown.  2.  The  disease 
caused  by  cold,  S.  * 

CALDRIFE,  Cauldrife,  adj.  1.  Causing 
the  sensation  of  cold,  S.  Boss.  2.  Very 
susceptible  of  cold,  S.  3.  Indifferent, 
cool,  not  manifesting  regard  or  interest, 
S.  Ferguson. — Cald  and  rife,  q.  "aboun- 
ding in  cold." 
To  Cast  the  Cauld  of  a  thins:,  to  get  free 

from  the  bad  consequences  of  any  evil  or 
misfortune,  S. 

CALE,  s.     Colewort.     V.  Kail. 

CALF-COUNTRY,  Calf-Ground,  s.  The 
place  of  one's  nativity,  or  where  one  has 
beenbroughtup,S. ;  CV<//beingpron. Cavf. 

CALFING,s.     Wadding.     V.  Colf. 

CALFLEA,  s.  Infield  ground,  one  year 
under  natural  grass  ;  probably  thus  de- 
nominated from  the  calces  being  fed  on  it. 

CALF-LOVE,  Cawf-Love,  s.  Love  in  a 
very  early  stage  of  life ;  an  attachment 
formed  before  reason  has  begun  to  have 
any  sway;  q.  lore  in  the  state  of  a  calf,  S. 

CALF-LOVE,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to 
verv  early  affection,  S.     The  Entail. 

CALF-SOD,  s.  The  sod  or  sward  bearing 
fine  grass,  Roxb.  Perhaps  as  affording 
excellent  food  for  rearing  calves. 

CALF-WARD,  s.  A  small  enclosure  for 
rearing  calces,  S.     Bums. 

CALICRAT,  s.  Apparently  an  emmet  or 
ant.     Burel. 

To  CALKIL,  t.  a.  To  calculate.— Fr. 
calcul-er,  id.     Complaynt  S. 

To  CALL,  Ca',  Caa,  Caw,  v.  a.  1.  To 
drive,  to  impel  in  any  direction,  S.  Bar- 
bour. 2.  To  strike,  with  the  prep,  at,  S. 
Sir  Egeir.  3.  To  search  by  traversing  ; 
as,  "  I'll  caw  the  haill  town  for't,  or  I 
want  it,"  S.- — Dan.  kage,\e\iter  verberare. 

CALL,  Caw  of  the  water,  the  motion  of  it  in 
cousequence  of  the  action  of  the  wind,  S. 

To  CALL,  Caw,  Ca',  v.  u.  1.  To  submit  to 
be  driven,  S.  "  That  beast  winna  caw, 
for  a'  that  I  can  do,"  S.  2.  To  go  in  or 
enter,  in  consequence  of  being  driven,  S. 
Bord.Minst.  3.  To  move  quickly,  S.  Boss. 

CALL  AN,  Calland,  Callant,  *•.  LA 
stripling,  a  lad  ;  "  a  young  calland,"  a 
boy,  S.  Bai/lie.  2.  Applied  to  a  young 
man,  as  a  term  expressive  of  affection,  S. 
Waverley.  3.  Often  used  as  a  familiar 
term,  expressive  of  affection  to  one  con- 
siderably advanced  in  life,  S.  Ramsay. 
— Fr.  gallant.  Douglas  uses  gallandis  for 
ju  renes. 
CALLAN,  s.  A  girl,  Wigtonshire.  —  Ir. 
caile  denotes  a  country-woman,  whence 
the  dimin.  cailin,  "  a  marriageable  girl ; 
a  young  woman,"  Obrien.  Expl.  by  Shaw, 
"  a  little  girl." 
CALLER,  s.      One  who  drives  horses  or 

cattle  under  the  yoke.     Barry. 
CALLER,  adj.     Fresh,  &c.     V.  Callour. 
CALLET,  s.     The  head,  Roxb.— Teut.  kal- 

luyte,  globus. 
CALLIOUR  GUNNE.  A  caliver  gun,  *.  e., 
a  lighter  kind  of  matchlock  piece,  between 
a  harquebuse  and  a  musket,  and  which 
was  fired  without  a  rest.  Grose's  Milit. 
CALLOT,  s.  A  mutch  or  cap  for  a  wo- 
man's head,  without  a  border,  Aug. — Fr. 
calotte,  a  coif. 




CALLOUR,  Caller,  Cauler,w(//.  1.  Cool, 
refreshing  ;  "  a  callour  day,"  a  cool  day, 
S.  Douglas.  2.  Fresh  ;  not  in  a  state  of 
putridity,  S.,  as  callour  meat,  callour  fish, 
&c.  Bellenden.  Also  applied  to  vegeta- 
ble substances  that  have  been  recently 
pulled,  which  are  not  beginning  to  fade  ; 
as,  "  Thae  greens  are  quite  callour,  they 
were  poo'd  this  morning,"  S.  Ross.  3. 
Expressive  of  that  temperament  of  the 
body  which  indicates  health  ;  as  opposed 
to  hot,  feverish,  S.  Boss.  4.  Having  the 
plump  and  rosy  appearance  of  health,  as 
opposed  to  a  sickly  look,  S.  It  seems  to 
convey  the  idea  of  the  effect  of  the  free 
air  of  the  country. — Isl.  kalldur,  frigidus. 

CALL-THE-GUSE.     A  sort  of  game. 

CALMERAGE,  adj.  Of  or  belonging  to 
cambric.     Aberd.  Reg.     V.  Cammeraige. 

CALMES,  Caums,  s.  pi.  1.  A  mould,  a 
frame,  S.  Acts  Ja.  VI.  2.  The  small 
cords  through  which  the  warp  is  passed 
in  the  loom,  S.;  synon.  heddles.  3.  In  the 
caulms,  in  the  state  of  being  framed  or 
modelled, inetaph.  Baillie. — Germ,  qnem- 
en,  quadrare  ;  Su.G.  bequaem,  Belg.  be- 
quaam,  fit,  meet. 

CALOO,  Callow,  Calaw,  s.  The  pintail 
duck,  Anas  acuta,  Linn.,  Orku.     Barry. 

CALSAY,  s.  Causeway,  street.  Acts  Ja. 

CALSAY-PAIKER,  *.  A  street-walker. 
V.  Paiker. 

CALSHIE,  Calshagh,  adj.  Crabbed,  ill- 
humoured,  S.  Morison. — Isl.  kals-a,  irri- 
dere,  kalzuq-ur,  derisor. 

CALSUTER;D,  adj.  Apparently  for  cal- 
futer'd,  caulked.  Chron.  S.  Poet. — Fr. 
calfeutrer,  Dan.  kalfatre,  to  caulk. 

CALVER,  s.  A  cow  with  calf,  S.— Teut. 
kalcer-koe,  id. 

CALUERIS,  s.  pi.  Perhaps  a  corr.  of  the 
name  Caloyers,  as  denoting  Greek  monks 
of  the  order  of  St.  Basil. 

CAMACK,  s.  The  game  otherwise  called 
Shinty,  S.B.     V.  Cammock. 

CAMBIE-LEAF,  s.  The  water-lily,  Nyni- 
phaea  alba  et  lutea,  Linn.  S.B. 

CAMBLE.  To  prate  saucily,  A.Bor.  V. 

C AMDOOTSHIE,  adj.  Sagacious,  Perths. ; 
synon.  Auldfarand. 

CAMDUI,  s.  A  species  of  trout.  Sibbald. 
— Gael,  cam,  crooked,  and  dubh,  black. 

CAME,  s.  A  honeycomb,  S.  Pickets 
Poems.     V.  Kayme. 

CAMEL'S  HAIR.  The  vertebral  ligament. 
Synon.  Fick-fack,  q.  v.  Clydes. 

CAMERAL,  Cameril,  s.  A  large,  ill- 
shaped,  awkward  person,  such  as  Dominie 
Sampson,  Roxb. — C.B.  camreol  signifies 
misrule  ;  camwyr,  bending  obliquely  ; 
from  cam,  crooked,  awry. 

CAMERJOUNKER,  s.  A  gentleman  of 
the  bed-chamber.  Monro's  Exped.  — 
From  Sw.  kammar,  a  chamber,  and  junker, 

a  spark  ;  or  Belg.  kamer,  aud  jonktr,  a 

CaMESTER,s.  A  wool-comber.  V.Keme- 

CAMY,  Camok,  adj.  1.  Crooked.  Malt- 
land  Poems.  2.  Metaph.  used  to  denote 
what  is  rugged  and  unequal.  Douglas. — 
Ir.  Gael,  cam,  C.B.  kam,  L.B.  cam-US. 

CAMYNG  CLAITH.  A  cloth  worn  round 
the  shoulders  during  the  process  of  comb- 
ing the  hair.     Inventories. 

CAMYNG  CURCHE.  A  particular  kind 
of  dress  for  a  woman's  head. 

CAMIS,    Combs.    Pron.  calms,  S. 

CAMLA-LIKE,  adj.  Sullen,  surly  ;  Aberd. 
Joarn.Lond. — Isl.  kamleit-r,  id.,  tetricus. 

CAMMAC,  s.  A  stroke  with  the  hand, 

GAMMAS,  s.  A  coarse  cloth,  East  Nook  of 
Fife.     Corr.  from  Canvass. 

CAMMEL,  s.  A  crooked  piece  of  wood, 
used  as  a  hook  for  hanging  any  thing  on, 
Roxb.     Hanqrel  synon.,  Lanarks. 

CAMMELT,  adj.  Crooked  ;  as,  "  a  cam- 
melt  bow,"  Roxb. — C.B.  camzull,  pron. 
camthull,  a  wrong  form,  from  cam,  crook- 
ed, and  dull,  figure,  shape. 

CAMMERAIGE,  Camroche,  s.  Cambric. 
Acts  Ja.  VI.  Linen  cloth  of  Cambray; 
in  Lat.  camerac-um,  in  Teut.  camerijk. 

CAMMES,  Cames,  s.  This  seems  to  denote 
what  is  now  called  gauze,  the  thin  cloth 
on  which  flowers  are  wrought. — Perhaps 
from  Ital.  camoc-a,  a  kind  of  silk,  or  ra- 
ther what  Phillips  calls  camic-a,  "  in  an- 
cient deeds ;  camlet,  or  fine  stuff,  made 
at  first  purely  of  camel's  hair." 

CAMMICK,  s.  A  preventive  ;  a  stop, 
Shetl. — O.Germ.  haum  signifies  languor, 
kaumig,morbidus;  Franc.  kumig, aegvotas, 
and  Jcaum,  vix,  used  adverbially  as  denot- 
ing what  can  scarcely  be  accomplished. 

CAMMOCK,  Cammon,  s.  1.  A  crooked 
stick,  S.  2.  The  game  also  called  Shinty, 
Perths. — Celt,  cambaca,  id.  Bullet.  Gael. 
caman,  a  hurling-club. 

CAM-NOSED,  Camow-nosed,  adj.  Flat- 
nosed.     Polwart. — Fr.  camus,  id. 

CAMORAGE,  s.     V.  Cammeraige. 

CAMOVYNE,  Camowyne,  s,  Camomile,  S. 

CAMP,  s.  An  oblong  heap  of  potatoes 
earthed  up  for  being  kept  through  winter, 
Berw. — Isl.  kamp-r,  caput  parietis ;  also, 

CAMP,  adj.  Brisk  ;  active  ;  spirited,  Sel- 
kirks.  My  horse  is  very  camp  the  day, 
he  is  in  good  spirits.  The  same  term  is 
applied  to  a  cock,  a  dog,  &c.  It  is  nearly 
synon.  with  Crous.  —  Su.G.  kaoupe,  a 

CAMP,  8.  A  romp  ;  applied  to  both  sexes, 
Loth. — In  Teut.  the  term  kampe,  kempe, 
has  been  transferred  from  a  boxer  to  a 
trull ;  pugil ;  pellex,  Kilian. 

To  CAMP,  r.  /*.    1.  To  contend.     MehiU's 




MS.  2.  To  play  the  romp,  Loth.— Germ. 
kamp-en,  certare.    V.  Kem 

CAMPERLECKS,  s.  pi.  Magical  tricks, 
Buchan  ;  synon.  Cantraips. — Perhaps 
Teut.  kaetnper,  a  wrestler,  and  lek,  play, 
q.  jousts,  tournaments. 

CAMPY,  adj.  1.  Bold,  brave,  heroical  ; 
Gl.  Sibb.  2.  Spirited  ;  as,  "  a  campy 
fellow,"  Roxb.  3.  Ill-natured,  conten- 
tious, Loth.  V.  Camp,  v. 

CAMPIOUN,  s.  A  champion.  Bellenden. 
— Ital.  eampione,  id. 

CAMPRULY,  adj.  Contentious,  S.A.— 
Isl.  kempa,  pugil,  and  rugla,  turbare.  Or 
perhaps,  q.  Rule  the  Camp.     V.  Rulie. 

CAMREL,  Cammeril,  s.  A  crooked  piece 
of  wood,  passing  through  the  ancles  of  a 
sheep,  or  other  carcass,  by  means  of 
which  it  is  suspended  till  it  be  flayed  and 
disembowelled,  Dumfr. —  Cam,  in  C.B. 
and  Gael.,  signifies  crooked. 

CAMSCHO,  Camschol,  Campsho,  Cam- 
shack,  adj.  1.  Crooked.  Douglas.  2. 
Denoting  a  stern,  grim,  or  distorted  coun- 
tenance. Ramsay.  3.  Ill-humoured, 
contentious,  crabbed  ;  Aug.     V.  Camy. 

To  CAMSHACHLE,   Camshauchle,  t.  a. 

1.  To  distort.  In  Roxb.  it  is  applied  to 
a  stick  that  is  twisted,  or  to  a  wall  that 
is  standing  off  the  line.  Shauchlit  pro- 
perly signifies  distorted  in  one  direction  ; 
but  camshauchlit,  distorted   both   ways. 

2.  To  oppress  or  bear  down  with  fatigue 
or  confinement. 

CAMSHAUCHL'D,  part.  adj.  1.  Dis- 
torted, awry  ;  having  the  legs  bent  out- 
wards, South  of  S.  Nicol.  2.  Angry, 
cross,  quarrelsome,  S. — Cam,  crooked, 
aud  shackle,  distorted,  q.  v. 

CAMSHACK,^/'.  Unlucky,  Aberd.  Skin- 
ner. Camshack-kair,  "  unlucky  concern," 
Gl. — This  seems  to  acknowledge  a  com- 
mon origin  with  Camscho,  q.  v. 

CAMSTANE,  Camstone,  ?.  1 .  Common  com- 
pact limestone,  S.  2.  White  clay,  indu- 
rated, Loth.  Guy  Mannering. — Teut.  kal- 
mey-steen,  lapis  calaminaris. 

CAMSTERIE,  Camstairie,  Camstrairy, 
adj.  Froward,  perverse,  unmanageable, 
S.  Riotous,  quarrelsome  ;  Sibb. — Germ. 
kamp,  battle,  and  star  rig,  stiff,  q.  obsti- 
nate in  fight.  Gael,  comhstri,  striving  to- 
gether,from  comh,  together,and  stri,  strife. 

(  AMSTRUDGEOUS,  adj.  The  same  with 
Camsterie;  Fife. — Isl.  kaempe,  miles,  and 
string,  animus  incensus ;  also,  fastus ;  q. 
fierce,  incensed,  or  haughty  warrior. 

CAN,  s.     A  measure  of  liquids,  Shetl.     It  | 
contains  about  an  English  gallon. — Isl. 
kanna,  id. 

CAN,  s.  A  broken  piece  of  earthen-ware, 

To  CAN,  r.  a.  To  know.  Henrysone. — 
Teut.  konn-en,  noscere  ;  posse. 

CAN,  Cann,  ?.  1.  Skill,  knowledge,  S.B. 
Ross.     2.  Ability,.  S.B.     Ross. 

CAN,  pret.  for  Gran,  began.     Wallace. 

CANAGE,  s.  The  act  of  paying  the  duty, 
of  whatever  kind,  denoted  by  the  term 

CANALYIE,  Cannailyie.  The  rabble,  S. 
Fr.  canaille,  id.     J. Nicol. 

CANBUS.  This  seems  to  signify  bottles 
made  of  gourds.  —  From  Fr.  cannebasse, 
id.,  the  same  as  calebasse,  Cotgr. 

CANDAVAIG,  s.  1.  Afoul  salmon,  that 
has  lien  in  fresh  water  till  summer,  with- 
out migrating  to  the  sea  ;  Ang.  2.  Used 
as  denoting  a  peculiar  species  of  salmon, 
Aberd.  Statist.  Ace. — Gael,  ceann,  head, 
and  dubhach,  a  black  dye  ;  foul  salmon 
being  called  black  fish. 

CANDEL-BEND,  s.  The  very  thick  sole 
leather  used  for  the  shoes  of  ploughmen, 
Roxb.  —  Perhaps  formerly  prepared  at 
Kendal  in  England  ? 

CANDENT,  adj.  Fervent ;  red  hot.— Lat. 
candens.     M(  Ward's  Contendings. 

CANDENCY,  s.  Fervour;  hotuess.— Lat. 
candentia,  ibid. 

CANDY-BROAD  SUGAR.  Loaf  or  lump 
sugar.     Candibrod,  id.,  Fife. 

CANDLE  and  CASTOCK.  A  large  turnip, 
from  which  the  top  is  sliced  off,  that  it 
may  be  hollowed  out  till  the  rind  become 
transparent ;  a  candle  is  then  put  into  it, 
the  top  being  restored  by  way  of  lid  or 
cover.  The  light  shows,  in  a  frightful 
manner,  the  face  formed  with  blacking 
on  the  outside,  S. 

CANDLE-COAL,  Cannel-Coal,  s.  A  spe- 
cies of  coal  which  gives  a  strong  light ; 
parrot  coal,  S. 

CANDLE-FIR,  s.  Fir  that  has  been  bu- 
ried in  a  morass;  moss-fallen  fir,  split  and 
used  instead  of  candles,  S.x\.   V.  Calchen. 

CANDLEMAS-BLEEZE,s.  The  gift  made 
by  pupils  to  a  schoolmaster  at  Candlemas, 
Roxb.  Selkirks. ;  elsewhere,  Candlemas 
Ojferina.     V.  Bleeze-money. 

CANDLEMAS  CROWN.  A  badge  of  dis- 
tinction conferred,  at  some  grammar 
schools,  on  him  who  gives  the  highest  gra- 
tuity to  the  rector,  at  the  term  of  Candle- 
mas, S.     Statist.  Ace. 

CANDLESHEARS,  s.  pL     Snuffers,  S. 

CANE,  Kain,  Canage,  .«.  A  duty  paid  by 
a  tenant  to  his  landlord  in  kind  ;  as 
"  cane  cheese  ;"  "  cane  fowls,"  &c.  S. 
Ramsay. — L.B.  can-nm,  can-a,  tribute, 
from  Gael,  ceann,  the  head. 

Kain  Bairns.  A  living  tribute  supposed 
to  be  paid  by  warlocks  and  witches  to 
their  master,  the  devil,  S.    Bord.  Minst. 

To  Pay  the  Cain.  To  suffer  severely  in  any 
cause,  S.     Ritson. 

To  CANGLE,  r.  n.  1.  To  quarrel,  to  be  in  a 
state  of  altercation,  S.  Ramsay.  2.  To  ca- 
vil, Mearns. — Isl.  fciae»&-a,arridere;  Gael. 
caingeal,  a  reason,  caingnam,  to  argue. 

CANGLING,  s.  Altercation,  S.     Z.  Boyd. 

CANGLER,  s.  A  jangler,  S.  Ramsay. 


*  To  CANKER,  v.  n.  To  fret;  to  become 
peevish  or  ill-humoured,  S. 

CANKERY,  Cankrie,  adj.  Ill-humoured. 
Synon.  Cankert.  Cankriest,  superlat., 
Renfr.  Ayrs.     Gait. 

CANKER-NAIL,  s.  A  painful  slip  of  flesh 
raised  at  the  bottom  of  the  nail  of  one's 
finger,  Upp.  Clydes. 

CANKERT,  Cankerrit,  adj.  Cross,  ill- 
conditioned,  avaricious,  S.    Douglas. 

CANLIE,8.  Avery  common  game  in  Aberd., 
played  by  a  number  of  boys,  one  of  whom 
is,  by  lot,  chosen  to  act  the  part  of  Canlie, 
to  whom  a  certain  portion  of  a  street,  or 
ground,  as  it  may  happen,  is  marked  off 
as  his  territory,  into  which  if  any  of  the 
other  boys  presume  to  enter,  and  be 
caught  by  Canlie  before  he  can  get  off  the 
ground,  he  is  doomed  to  take  the  place  of 
Canlie,  who  becomes  free  in  consequence 
of  the  capture.  It  is  something  similar  to 
the  game  called  Tig  or  Tick. 

CANNA  DOWN,  Cannacii,  s.  Cotton 
grass,  Eriophorum  vaginatum,  Linn.  S. 
Gael,  cannach,  id.     Grant. 

CANNA,  Cannae,  cannot  ;  compounded  of 
can,  v.,  and  na  or  nae,  not,  S.  Percy. 
Dinna,  do  not,  Sanna,  shall  not,  Winna, 
will  not,  Downa,  am,  is,  or  are  not  able, 
are  used  in  the  same  manner,  S. 

CANNABIE,  Canabie,  s.  Corr.  of  Canopy. 
Inventories.     Poems  \6th  Cent. 

CANNAGH,  Connagh,  s.  A  disease  to 
which  hens  are  subject,  in  which  the  nos- 
trils are  so  stopped  that  the  fowl  cannot 
breathe,  and  a  horn  grows  on  the  tongue ; 
apparently  the  Pip.  Cannagh,  Fife  ; 
Connagh,  Stirlings. — Ir.  and  Gael,  conach, 
the  murrain  among  cattle. 

C  ANN  AS,  Cannes,  s.  1.  Any  coarse  cloth, 
like  that  of  which  sails  are  made,  S.B. — 
Fr.  canevas;  Sw.  kanfass;  E.  canvass.  2. 
A  coarse  sheet  used  for  keeping  grain 
from  falling  to  the  ground  when  it  is 
winnowed  by  means  of  a  wecht,  S.B.  3. 
Metaph.  the  sails  of  a  ship,  S.B.  Poems 
Buchan  Dial. 

CANNES-BRAID,  s.  The  breadth  of  such 
a  sheet,  S.B.     Ross. 

CANNEL,  s.  Cinnamon.  Statist.  Ace— 
Fr.  cannelle,  Teut.  D&n.kaneel,  Isl.  kanal. 

CANNEL-WATERS,  s.  pi.  Cinnamon 
waters,  S. 

To  CANNEL,  v.  a.  To  channel ;  to  cham- 
fer, S. — Fr.  cannel-er,  id. 

CANNEL,  s.  The  undermost  or  lowest 
part  of  the  edge  of  any  tool,  which  has 
received  the  finishing,  or  highest  degree 
of  sharpness  usually  given  to  it;  as,  "  the 
cannel  of  an  axe,"  Roxb.  Bevel-edge 
synon.     V.  Cannel,  x. 

C ANNELL-BAYNE.The collar-bone.  Wal- 
lace.— Fr.  canneau  du  col,  the  nape  of  the 
neck.     Cannel  hone  occurs  in  O.E. 

CANNELL-COAL.     V.  Candle-coal. 

CANNYCA',  s.    The  woodworm,  Fife.    Ap- 

117  CAN 

parently  denominated  from  the  softness  of 
the  sound  emitted  by  it,  q.  what  caws  or 
drives  cannily. 

CANNIE,  or  CANNON  NAIL,  the  same 
with  Cathel  Nail,  S.A. 

CANNIE,  Kannie,  adj.  1.  Cautious  ;  pru- 
dent, S.  Bail  lie.  -2.  Artful;  crafty,  S. 
Rutherford.  3.  Attentive;  wary;  watch- 
ful, S.  Ramsay.  4.  Frugal ;  not  given 
to  expense,  S.  Burns.  5.  Moderate 
in  charges,  S.  6.  Moderate  in  con- 
duct ;  not  severe  in  depredation  or  exac- 
tion. Warerley.  7.  Useful;  beneficial, 
S.  Ross.  8.  Handy  ;  expert  at  any  bu- 
siness ;  often  used  in  relation  to  mid- 
wifery, S.  Forbes.  9.  Gentle  ;  so  as  not 
to  hurt  a  sore,  S.  10.  Gentle  and  win- 
ning in  speech.  1 1 .  Soft ;  easy ;  as  applied 
to  a  state  of  rest,  S.  Ramsay.  12.  Slow  in 
motion.  "  To  gang  canny,"  to  move 
slowly  ;  "  to  caw  canny,"  to  drive  softly  ; 
also  to  manage  with  frugality,  S.    Burns. 

13.  Metaph.  used  to  denote  frugal  ma- 
nagement ;  as,  "  They're  braw  cannie 
folk,"   i.  e.,  not    given    to    expense,   S. 

14.  Soft  and  easy  in  motion,  S.  IS. 
Safe;  not  dangerous.  "A  canny  horse," 
one  that  may  be  rode  with  safety,  S. 
Burns.  No  canny,  not  safe  ;  dangerous, 
S.  Popul.  Ball.  16.  Composed;  deli- 
berate ;  as  opposed  to  fiochtry,  throwther, 
S.  17.  Not  hard  ;  not  difficult  of  execu- 
tion, S.  Burns.  18.  Easy  in  situation  ; 
snug  ;  comfortable  ;  as,  "  He  sits  very 
canny,"  "  He  has  a  braw  canny  seat," 
S.  Ramsay.  19.  Fortunate ;  lucky,  S. 
Pennecuik.  20.  Fortunate  ;  used  in  a 
superstitious  sense,  S.  R.  Galloway. 
No  canny,  not  fortunate;  applied  both  to 
things  and  to  persons.  Ramsay.  21.  En- 
dowed with  knowledge,  supposed  by  the 
vulgar  to  proceed  from  a  preternatural 
origin  ;  possessing  magical  skill,  South  of 
S.  Tales  Landl.  22.  Good ;  worthy  ; 
"  A  braw  canny  man,"  a  pleasant,  good- 
conditioned,  or  worthy  man,  S.  Statist. 
Ace.  23.  Applied  to  any  instrument,  it 
signifies  well-fitted  ;  convenient,  S.B. 
Survey  Nairn. — Isl.  kiaen,  sciens,  pru- 
dens ;  callidus,  astutus ;  kaeni,  fortis  et 
prudens  ;  from  kenn-a,  noscere.  Isl.  kyiuyt, 
s.  knowledge;  in  a  secondary  sense  "it  is 
applied  to  magic. 

CANNIE  MOMENT.  The  designation  given 
to  the  time  of  fortunate  child-bearing,  S.; 
otherwise  called  the  happy  hour;  in  An- 
gus, canny  moment.     Guy  Mannering. 

CANNIE  WIFE.  A  common  designation 
for  a  midwife,  S.     Rem.  Niths.  So7iq. 

CANNIKIN,  .«.  Drinking  vessel.  Poems 
\CUh  Cent. — Either  a  dimiu.  from  can, 
Teut.  kanne,  or  from  the  same  origin  with 
Kinken,  q.  v. 

CANNILY, adv.  1.  Cautiously ;  prudently; 
S.  Baillie.  2.  Moderately,  not  vio- 
lently, S.     Baillie.     3.  Easily,  so  as  not 




to  hurt  or  gall,  S.  Rutherford.  4.  Gently, 
applied  to  a  horse  obeying  the  rein,  S. 
CANNINESS,  ,*.  1.  Caution,  forbearance: 
moderation  in  conduct,  S.  Baillie.  2. 
Crafty  management.  Baillie. 
CANOIS,  Canos,  Canous,  adj.  Gray,  hoary. 

Lat.  can-ns.    Douglas. 
To  CANSE,  r.  n.     To  speak  in  a  pert  and 
saucy  style,  as  displaying  a  great  degree 
of  self-importance,  Dumfr. 
CANSIE,  adj.     Pert,  speaking  from   self- 
conceit  ;  as,  "  Ye  're  sae  cansie"  ibid. 
CANSHIE,  adj.    Cross;  ill-humoured,  Ber- 

wicks.     Merely  a  variety  of  Cansie. 
To  CANT,  r.  v.     1.  To  sing  in  speaking,  to 
repeat  after  the  manner  of  recitation,  S. 
2.     To    tell    merry    old    stories,    Ayrs. 
Picken.     Probably  because  most  of  the 
old  stories  were  in  rhyme  and  were  sung 
or  chanted  by  minstrels. — Lat.  cant-are, 
to  sing.     Hence, 
CANT,  s.     A  trick  ;  a  bad  habit ;  an  auld  j 
cant,   an    ancient    traditionary    custom, 
Aberd.     Nearly  synon.  with  Cantraip. 
To  CANT,  r.  a.      1.  To  seta  stone  on  its 
edge,  a  term  used  in  masonry,  S. — Germ. 
kant-en,  id.     2.  To  throw  with  a  sudden 
jerk,  S.      "The  sheltie  canted  its  rider 
into  the  little  rivulet."     The  Pirate. 
CANT,  s.     1.  The  act  of  turning  any  body 
on  its  edge,  or  side,  with  dexterity,  S.B. 
2.  Slight,  S.B. 
To  CANT  o'er,  v.  n.     To  fall  over  ;  to  fall 
backwards,  especially  if  one  is  completely 
overturned,  S. 
To  CANT  o'er,    V.  "•     To   turn  over;   to 

overturn,  S. 
To  CANT,  v.  n.      To  ride  at  a  hand-gal- 
lop, S.B.     Canter,  S. 
CANT,  adj.  Lively ;  merry ;  brisk.  Barbour. 
CANTY,  adj.    1.  Lively;  cheerful;  applied 
both  to  persons  and  to  things,  S.    Burns. 
2.  Small  and  neat  ;  as,  "A  cant;/  crea- 
ture !"    S.B.  —  Ir.   cainteach,   talkative; 
prattling  ;  Su.G.  qant-a,  ludificare. 
CANTIL1E,  adv.     Cheerfully,  S. 
CANTINESS,  s.     Cheerfulness,  S. 
CANTIE-SMATCHET,  s.     A   cant   term 
for  a  louse,  Roxb. ;  apparently  from  the 
liveliness  of  its  motion. 
CANTAILLIE,  s.    A  corner-piece.    Inven- 
tories.— Fr.  chanteau,  chantel,  a  corner- 
piece  ;  Teut.  kanteel,  mutulus ;  expl.  by 
Sewel, "  a  battlement." 
CANTEL,  Cantil,s.  A  fragment.  SirEgeir. 
— Teut.  kanteel,  pinna,  mina,  Fr.  chantel, 
a  piece  broken  off  from  the  corner  or  edge 
of  a  thing. 
CANTEL,  s.     A  juggling  trick.     Houlate. 

L.B.  cantell-ator,  praestigiator,  magus. 
CANTELE1N,   s.      Properly   an   incanta- 
tion, used  to  denote  a  trick.    Lyndsay. 
• — Lat.  cantilen-a,  a  song. 
CANTEL,  Cantle,  «,     1.  The  crown  of  the 
head,  Loth.    Nigel,    Teut.  kanteel,  a  bat- 

tlement.    2.   The  thick,  fleshy  part  be- 
hind the  ear  in  a  tup's  head  ;  considered 
as  a  delicacy,  when  singed  and  boiled  in 
the  Scottish  fashion,  Roxb. 
CANTLIN,  s.    Expl.  "  a  corner;  the  chime 
of  a  cask  or  adze,"  Ayrs. — Fr.  eschantil- 
lon,  "  a  small  cantle,  or  corner-piece ;  a 
scantling,"   &c,  Cotgr.  —  The   origin   is 
Teut.  kant,  a  corner;  a  word  of  very  great 
CANTON,  s.    An  angle,  or  corner. — Fr.  id., 
"  a  corner,  or  crosse  way,  in  a  street," 
CANTRAIP,  Cantrap,  s.     1.  A  charm,  a 
spell,  an  incantation,  S.     Ramsay.     2.  A 
trick,  a   piece   of    mischief    artfully   or 
adroitly  performed,  S.     Waverley. — Isl. 
gan,  gand,  witchcraft,  or  kiaen,  applied  to 
magical  arts,  and  trapp,  calcatio. 
CANTRIP-TIME,  ?.    The  season  for  prac- 
tising magical  arts. 
CANT-ROBIN,  .«.     The   dwarf  Dog-rose, 

with  a  white  flower,  Fife. 
CANT-SPAR,  s.     Expl.  fire-pole.     Rates. 
CANWAYIS,  s.     Canvass.     Aberd.  Reg. 
To  CANYEL,  v.  n.     To  jolt;  applied   to 

any  object  whatsoever,  Upp.  Lanarks. 
To  CANYEL,  v.  a.    To  cause  to  jolt ;  to 

produce  a  jolting  motion,  ibid. 
CANYEL,  s.   A  jolt ;  the  act  of  jolting,  ibid. 
CAOLT,  s.     "  A  connexion  by  fosterage," 
Highlands  of  S.,  Saxon  and  Gael. — Gael. 
comhalla,  a  foster  brother  or  sister ;  co- 
mhaltas,  fosterage;  from  comh,  equivalent 
to  Lat.  con,  and  alt,  nursing ;  q.  nursed 
together.   Al  signifies  nurture,  food.   Lat. 
con,  and  al-ere,  to  nourish,  would  seem  to 
give  the  origin. 
To  CAP,  r.  n.      To  uncover  the  head,  in 
token  of  obeisance  ;   q.  to  take  off  one's 
cap.     Baillie. 
CAP,  Capfou',  Capfu',  s.     The  fourth-part 
of  a  peck ;  as,  "  a  capfu''  o'  meal,  salt," 
&c,  Clydes.,  S.A.  Forpet  and  Lippie,  syn. 
CAP,  s.     A  wooden  bowl  for   containing 
meat  or  drink,  S.    Ramsay. — Su.G.  koppa, 
cyathus ;  Arab,  kab,  a  cup.     Hence,  per- 
CAPS,    The  combs  of  wild  bees,  S. 
To  Kiss  Caps  wi'   one.     To  drink   out   of 
the  same  vessel  with  one  ;  as,  "  I  wadna 
kiss  caps  wi'  sic  a  fallow,"  S. 
CAP-OUT.     To  drink  cap-out,  in  drinking 
to  leave  nothing  in  the  vessel,  S.  Rob  Roy. 
V.  Copout. 
Clean-cap-out,  drinking  deep,  S.  Picken. 
To  CAPSTRIDE,  v.  a.     To  drink  in  place 
of  another,  to  whom  it  belongs,  when  the 
vessel  is  going  round  a  company,  S. — E. 
cap  and  stride. 
To  CAP,   v.  a.      To    excel,   Loth.— Teut. 

kappc,  the  summit. 
To  CAP,  v.  a.     To  dir&ct  one's  course  at 
sea.      Douglas. — Teut.  kape,  signum  lito- 
To  CAP,  ?\  a.     1.  To  seize  by  violence,  to 




lay  hold  of  what  is  not  one's  own,  S.  2. 
To  seize  vessels  in  a  privateering  way. 
Fountainhall.  3.  To  entrap,  to  ensnare. 
K.  Ja.  VI. — Lat.  cap-ere,  Su.G.  kipp-a, 

CAPER,  s.  1 .  A  captor,  or  one  who  takes  a 
prize.  2.  A  vessel  employed  as  a  pri- 
vateer.— Belg.Su.G.  Dan.  kapare,  a  pirate. 

CAP-AMBRY,  i.  A  press  or  cupboard, 
probably  for  holding  wooden  vessels  used 
at  meals.     Spalding.     V.  Almerie. 

CAPER,  Kaper,  s.  A  piece  of  oat-cake 
and  butter,  with  a  slice  of  cheese  on  it, 
Perths.    C/an-Albin. — Gael,  ceapaire,  id. 

CAPERCAILYE,  Capercalyeane,  s,  The 
mountain  cock,  Tetrao  urogallus,  Linn. 
S.  Bellenden. — Gael,  capullecoille,  id. 
Perhaps  from  Gael,  cabar,  a  branch,  and 
caolach,  a  cock,  i.  e.,  a  cock  of  the  branches. 

CAPERNOIT1E,  Capernoited,  adj.  Crab- 
bed; irritable;  peevish,  S.  Hamilton. — 
Isl.  kappe,  certamen,  and  nyt-a,  uti,  q. 
"  one  who  invites  strife." 

CAPERNOITIE,  s.  Noddle,  S.— Perhaps 
q.  the  seat  of  peevish  humour. 

CAPEROILIE,  s.  Heath  peas,  Orobus  tu- 
berosus,  Linn.,  Clydes.  The  Knapparts 
of  Mearns,  and  Carmele,  or  Carmy/ie  of 
the  Highlands. 

CAPERONISH,  adj.  Good;  excellent; 
generally  applied*  to  edibles,  Lanarks., 
Edinr. — Teut.  keper-en  signifies  to  do  or 
make  a  thing  according  to  rule  ;  from 
keper,  norma.  But  probably  it  was  ori- 
ginally applied  to  what  was  showy  or 
elegant ;  from  Fr.  chaperon,  O.Fr.  cape- 
ron,  a  hood  worn  in  high  dress,  or  on  so- 
lemn occasions. 

CAPES,  s.  pi.  1.  The  grains  of  corn  to 
which  the  husk  continues  to  adhere  after 
thrashing,  and  which  appear  uppermost 
in  riddling,  Loth.  2.  The  grain  which  is 
not  sufficiently  ground  ;  especially  where 
the  shell  remains  with  part  of  the  grain,  j 
Loth.  3.  Flakes  of  meal  which  come 
from  the  mill,  when  the  grain  has  not 
been  thoroughly  dried,  S.B.     Morison. 

CAPE-STANE,  s.  1.  The  cope-stone.  2. 
Metaphorically,  a  remediless  calamity. 

CAPIDOCE,  Capydois,  s.    Aberd.  Reg.— 
Teut.  kappe,  a  hood,  (Belg.  kapie,  a  little  I 
hood,)  and  doss-en,  vestire  duplicibus  ;  q.  I 
"  a  stuffed  hood"  or  "  cap"  ?     In  Aberd.,  ; 
a  cap,  generally  that  of  a  boy,  as,  for  ex- 
ample, what  is  called  "  a  hairy  cap,"  still 
receives  the  name  of  Capie-dossie. 

CAPIE-HOLE,  s.  A  game  at  taw,  in 
which  a  hole  is  made  in  the  ground,  and 
a  certain  line  drawn,  called  a  strand,  be- 
hind which  the  players  must  take  their 
stations.  The  object  is,  at  this  distance, 
to  throw  the  bowl  into  the  hole.  He 
who  does  this  most  frequently  wins  the 
game.  It  is  now  more  generally  called 
the  Hole,  Loth. ;  but  the  old  designation 

is  not  yet  quite  extinct.  In  Angus  it  is 
played  with  three  holes  at  equal  distances. 

CAPYL,  Capul,  s.  A  horse  or  mare.  Dou- 
glas.—  Gael,  cap ul I ;  Ir.  kabbal ;  C.B. 
keffyl ;  Hisp.  cavallo,  id. 

CAPILMUTE,  Cabalmute,  Cattelmute,  s. 
The  legal  form  or  action  by  which  the 
lawful  owner  of  cattle  that  have  strayed, 
or  been  carried  off,  proves  his  right  to 
them,  and  obtains  restoration. 

CAPITANE,s.  Caption; captivity.  Bellend. 

CAPITANE,  5.    Captain,  Fr.    Acts  Cha.  I. 

CAPITE  BERN,  a  kind  of  cloak  or  mantle, 
as  would  seem,  with  a  small  hood. — Fr. 
capette,  "a  little  hood;  berne,  a  kind  of 
Moorish  garment,  or  such  a  mantle  which 
Irish  gentlewomen  weare  ;"  Cotgr. 

CAPLEYNE,  s.  "A  steylle  capleine,"  a 
small  helmet.  Wallace. — Germ,  kaeplein, 
from  kappe,  tegumentum  capitis. 

CAP-NEB,  s.  The  iron  used  to  fence  the 
toe  of  a  shoe ;  synon.  Neb-Cap,  Ettr.  For., 
i.  e.,  a  cap  for  the  neb  or  point. 

CAPPER,  s.  Apparently  cup-bearer;  a 
person  in  the  list  of  the  King's  household 
servants.  Pitscottie.  Copperis.  V.  Copper. 

CAPPER,  s.  A  spider,  Mearns.— From 
coppe,  the  latter  part  of  the  A.S.  name, 
(V.  Attercap;)  or  perhaps  from  its  rapa- 
cious mode  of  living,  from  Caper,  a  pirate, 
or  Capper,  v.,  to  seize. 

To  CAPPER,  r.  a.  1.  To  seize  ships  ;  to 
go  a-privateering,  Ang.  2.  To  catch,  to 
seize,  violently  to  lay  hold  of  ;  used  in  a 
general  sense,  Ang. — Dan.  kapre,  to  ex- 
ercise piracy. 

CAPPIE,  Cap- Ale,  s.  A  kind  of  drink  be- 
tween table-beer  and  ale,  formerly  in 
much  requisition  ;  so  termed  because  it 
was  drunk  out  of  caps  or  quaichs. 

CAPPIE,  s.  Agr.  Sutv.  Shell.  Meaning 

To  CAPPILOW,  r.  a.  To  distance  another 
in  reaping.  One  who  gets  a  considerable 
way  before  his  companions  on  a  ridge,  is 
said  to  cappiloic  them;  Roxb. — This  term 
would  seem  to  be  softened  from  Dan. 
kaplocb-er,to  runvfhh  emulation,  to  strive, 
to  contest  in  speed  ;  kaploeb,  competition, 
a  contest  in  running. 

CAPPIT,  adj.  Crabbed  ;  ill-humoured  ; 
peevish,  S.  PMlotus. — Isl.  kapp,  conten- 
tion, or  Flandr.  koppe,  a  spider ;  as  we 
call  an  ill-humoured  person  an  ettercap,  S. 

CAPRAVEN,  s.  Perhaps  corr.  from  Teut. 
kappruyn  ;  Belg.  kaproen,  a  hood;  Isl. 
kapruyn,  cucullus,  caputium  cum  collari. 

CAPREL,  s.  A  caper,  as  in  dancing.  Pol- 
wart. — Fr.  capriole,  id. 

CAPROWSY,  s.  A  short  cloak  furnished 
with  a  hood.  Evergreen. — Fr.  cappe-rosin, 
a  red  coloured  cloak. 

CAPTAIN,  s.  A  name  given  to  the  Gray 
Gurnard,  on  the  Firth  of  Forth. — "  Trigla 
Gumardvs,  Crowner. — It  is  known  by  a 
variety  of  other  names,  as  Captain,  Hard- 





head,"  &c.     Neill's  List  of  Fishes 

CAPTION,  s.  The  obtaining  of  any  thing 
that  is  valuable  or  serviceable  ;  a  lucky 
acquisition  ;  Aberd  —  L.B.  captio,  synon. 
with  Prisa  ;  Du  Cange. 

CAPTIUER,  g.  A  captor,  one  who  leads 
into  captivity.     Forbes  on  Revelations. 

*  CAPTIVITY,  s.  Waste,  destruction;  as, 
"  It's  a'  gane  to  captirity,"  Roxb. 

CAPUL,  t.     Ahorse.     V.'Capyi.. 

CAPUSCHE,  g.  Apparently,  a  woman's 
hood.  Aberd.  Reg. — From  Fr.  capuce,  E. 
caponch,  a  Monk's  hood  ;  whence  the  de- 
signation of  Capuchin  friars. 

CAR,  Caar,  s.  A  sledge;  a  hurdle, S.  Wal- 
lace.— Ir.  carr,  id. 

CAR,  s.  pi.     Calves,  Mearns.     V.  Caure. 

CAR,  the  initial  syllable  of  many  names  of 
places  in  the  West  and  South  of  S.,  as 
Car-stairs,  Car-michael,  Car-lake,  Car-la- 
•eerock,  &c,  signifying  a  fortified  place. — 
C.B.  caer  signified  a  city,  one  of  that 
description  which  was  known  in  early 
times;  a  castle,  a  fort,  or  place  surrounded 
with  a  wall,  pallisades,  or  a  rampart. 
Gael,  cathair,  a  city,  must  be  viewed  as 
the  same  word,  pronounced  q.  ca'ir. 

CAR,  an  inseparable  particle,  forming  the 
first  syllable  of  many  words  in  the  S.  lan- 
guage.— According  to  Wachter,  Kar  is  a 
verbal  noun,  formed  from  ker-en,  vertere, 
signifying  the  act  of  turning  or  tossing. 
V.  Cur. 

CAR,  Ker,  adj.  1.  Left,  applied  to  the 
hand,  S.  2.  Sinister,  fatal.—"  You'll  go 
a  car  gate  yet ;"  given  as  equivalent  to 
"  You'll  go  a  gray  gate  yet ;"  S.  Prov. 
"  Both  these  signify  you  will  come  to  an 
ill  end,"  Kelly* 

CAR-HANDIT,  adj.  1.  Left-handed,  S. 
2.  Awkward,  Galloway.     V.  Ker. 

CAR-SHAM-YE,  interj.     An  exclamation 
used,  in  the  game  of  Shintie,  when  one  of 
the  antagonists  strikes  the  ball  with  the 
club  in  his  left  hand,  Kinross 
CARAFF,  s.   A  decanter  for  holding  water, 
S.,  a  word  which  does  not  seem  to  be  used 
in  E. — Fr.  carafe,  id. 
CARAGE,  s.     V.  Arage. 
CARALYNGIS,  .<\p?.    Dancing.    Hovlate. 

— Fr.  caroll-er,  to  dance,  to  revel. 
CARAMEILE,  s.    An  edible  root,  V.  Car- 


CARAVAN,  g.  1 .  A  covered  travelling  cart 
without  springs,  S.  2.  Such  a  wagon  as 
is  used  for  transporting  wild  beasts,  S. 

To  CARB,  Carble,  r.  n.  To  cavil,  Aberd. 
('arb  might  appear  to  be  merely  a  corr. 
of  the  E.  v.  to  carp,  id.  But  Isl.  karp-a, 
signifies  obgannire,  and  harp,  contentio. 

CARB,  Carabin,  g.  A  raw-boned  loqua- 
cious woman,  Upp.  Clydes. — C.B.  carbwl. 
signifies  clumsy,  awkward,  and  carp  a 

To  CARBEHRY,  r.  it.      To    wrangle,  to 

argue  perversely  ;  communicated  as  a 
Garioch  word. 

CARBIN,  Cairban,  Carfin,  g.  The  bask- 
ing Shark,  Squalus  maximus,  Linn.  V. 

C  ARC  AT,  Carkat,  Carket,  Carcant,  g.  1 . 
A  necklace ;  E,  carcanet.  Maitland  Poem*. 
2.  A  pendant  ornament  of  the  head.  Wat- 
son's Coll.  3.  A  garland  of  flowers  worn 
as  a  necklace,  S.     Discipline. 

To  CARCEIR,  r.  a.  To  imprison.— L.B. 
career-are,  in  carcerem  conjicere  ;  Du 

CARCUDEUGH,  adj.  Intimate,  Gl.  Pic- 
ken,  Ayrs.     V.  Curcuddoch. 

To  CARD,  v.  a.  To  reprehend  sharply  ; 
To  gie  one  a  carding,  id.  Perths.  Perhaps 
from  the  use  of  cards  in  teasing,  or  from 
caird  a  tinker,  used  also  for  a  scold. 

CARDINAL,?.  A  long  cloak,  or  mantle, 
worn  by  women,  S.  Statist.  Ace.  Per- 
haps so  named,  as  it  was  originally  scar- 
let, from  the  dress  worn  by  the  Cardinals 
of  Rome. 

To  CARDOW,  Curdow,  v.  a.  To  botch,  to 
mend,  to  patch,  as  a  tailor,  Tweedd. 

CARDOWER,  g.  A  botcher  or  mender  of 
old  clothes,  Ayrs.    V.  Curdoo. 

CARDUI,  s.  A  species  of  trout  in  Loch- 
leven,  apparently  the  char. — It  is  round- 
shouldered  ;  the  most  beautiful  in  colour 
of  all  the  trout  species  in  our  waters ; 
without  scales  ;  dark  olive  on  the  back  ; 
the  sides  spotted  ;  the  belly  a  livid  red  ; 
and  the  under-fins  of  a  beautiful  crimson 
edged  with  a  snow  white.  It  is  a  rare 

To  CARE,  r.  a.     To  rake,  &c.    V.  Cair. 

*  To  CARE,  r.  a.  To  regard,  to  care  for. 

*  To  CARE,  v.  n.  Always  accompanied 
with  the  negative  ;  as,  "  I  dinna  care  to 
gang  wi'  you  a  bit,"  I  have  no  objection 
to  go,  <kc.  "  He  wadtta  [hae]  cared  to 
hae  strucken  me,"  he  seemed  disposed  to 
have  done  so,  S.  Skinner. — It  has  been 
supposed  that  the  v.  as  thus  used,  signi- 
fies, "  not  to  be  inclined."  But  I  appre- 
hend that  it  merely  signifies  that  it  would 
cause  no  care,  pain,  or  regret  to  the  per- 
son to  go,  to  strike,  &c. 

To  CARE  by,  r.n.  She  oar'd  na  by,  she 
took  no  interest,  she  was  totally  indiffer- 
ent, S.     Picken. 

To  CARE,  v.  a.     To  drive.     V.  Cair. 

CARE-BED  LAIR.  A  disconsolate  situa- 
tion ;  a  sick-bed  ;  q.  "  lying  in  the  bed  of 
care,''  S.B.     Ross. 

CARE'S  MY  CASE,  woeful  is  my  plight, 

CARECAKE,  Car-cake,  Kercaik,  s.  A 
small  cake,  baked  with  eggs,  and  eaten 
on  Fastem's  e'en  in  different  parts  of  S. 

Bi.ood-Kercake,  s.  A  car-cake,  made  of 
blood  and  oatmeal,  and  prepared  in  a  fry- 
ing-pan.    JJogg. 




CARE  SONDAY,CairSonday.  According 
to  some,  that  immediately  preceding  Good 
Friday,  but  generally  used  to  signify  the 
fifth  in  Lent,  S.  Bellenden. — Germ,  kar, 
satisfactio,  from  hart-en,  ker-en,  emen- 
dare  ;  or  Su.G.  kaer-a,  to  complain.  V. 

CARE,  s.  A  cut  in  timber,  for  admitting 
another  piece  of  wood,  or  any  other  sub- 
stance, Dumfr. —  A.S.  cearf-an,  secare, 
whence  E.  to  carve;  Teut.  kerf,  crena, 

To  CARFUDDLE,  v.  a.  To  discompose; 
to  rumple,  Strathmore.     Svn.  Curfuffle. 

To  CARFUFFLE,  r.  a.  To  disorder;  to 
tumble  ;  to  crease.     V.  Curfufle. 

CARFUFFLE,  Curfuffle,  .<:.  Tremour; 
agitation,  South  of  S.     Antiquary. 

To  CARFUMISH,  Curfumish,  v.  a,  1.  To 
diffuse  a  very  bad  smell,  Fife.  2.  To 
overpower  by  means  of  a  bad  smell,  ibid. 
Forscomfs  synon. 

CARGE.  To  carge,  in  charge,  in  posses- 
sion. Wallace. — O.Fr.  carguer,  used  as 

CARYARE,  s.  A  conveyer  ;  one  who  re- 
moves a  thing  from  one  place  to  another 
by  legerdemain. — Fr.  chari-er,  to  carry. 

CARYBALD,  s.  Maitland  Poems.— Per- 
haps from  Fr.  chararel,  charareau,  a 

C ARIE,  adj.     Soft ;  pliable.     Kelly. 

CARIN',  adj.  or  part.  pr.  Causing  pain 
or  care.     Tarras. 

CARK, .«.  A  load,  a  burden.  Act.  Audit. — 
From  Ital.  carc-o,  a  load,  &c. 

CARKIN, part.  pr.  Scratching;  or  rather, 
grating. — A.S.  cearc-ian,  crepitare  ;  also 
stridere,  "  to  crash  or  gnash  ;  to  creak ; 
to  make  a  noise;  to  charke.''     V.  Chirk. 

CARKINING,*.  A  collar.  Hou/ate.  V. 

CARL,  Cairle,  Carle,  Carll,  s.  1 .  A  man. 
It  is  used  in  this  general  sense,  S.B.  Thus 
they  not  only  say,  "  A  big  carl,"  but  "  a 
little  carl,"  "  a  rich  carl."  A.Bor.  id. — 
A.S.  carl;  Isl.  karl;  O.Teut.  kaerla, 
inasculus.  2.  Man,  as  distinguished  from 
a  boy.  Wyntown.  3.  A  clown  ;  a  boor, 
S.  A.Bor.  Wyntown. — A.S.  ceorl ;  Isl. 
karl;  Belg.  kaerle,  rusticus.  4.  One  who 
has  the  manners  of  a  boor.  Kelly.  5. 
A  strong  man.  Wallace. — Germ,  kerl, 
fortis,  corpore  robusto  praeditus.  6.  An 
old  man,  S.  A.Bor.  Wyntown. — Su.G. 
Isl.  karl,  id. 

CARL-CAT,  s.  A  male  cat.  The  female 
cat  is  called  "  A  wheen-cat,"  more  pro- 
perly a  Quean-cat. 

CARL'D,  part.  pa.  Provided  with  a  male; 
applied  to  a  hot  bitch,  Roxb. — A.S.  ceorl- 
ian,  nuptum  dari,  "  to  be  given  in  mar- 
riage ;  to  take  a  husband,''  Somner. 

To  CARL-AGAIN,  r.  n.  To  resist ;  syn. 
to  be  camstairy;  to  give  a  Rowland  for  an 
Oliver,  Fife. 

!  CARL-AGAIN.  To  play  Carl-again,  to  re- 
turn a  blow  ;  to  give  as  much  as  one  re- 
ceives, Ang. 
j  CARL  and  CAVEL.  A  proverbial  phrase 
for  honest  man  and  rogue  ;  or  all  without 
distinction.     V.  Kavel. 

CARLAGE,  adj.     Churlish.     V.  Carlish. 

CARL-CRAB,  s.  The  male  of  the  Black- 
clawed  crab,  Cancer  pagurus,  Linn.  S. 

CARL-DODDIE,s.  A  stalk  of  rib-grass,  S. 
Plantagolanceolata,  Linn.  Doddie,  bald. 

CARL-HEMP,  s.  The  largest  stalk  of  hemp, 
S.  A.Bor.  ;  that  hemp  which  bears  the 
seed,  Gl.  Grose.  2.  Used  metaph.  to  de- 
note firmness  of  mind.     Burns. 

CARLIE,  g.  1.  A  little  man  ;  a  dimin. 
from  carl,  S.  Cleland.  2.  A  term  often 
applied  to  a  boy  who  has  the  appearance 
or  manners  of  a  little  old  man.     Gait. 

CARL1N,  Carling,  .<?.  1.  An  old  woman, 
S.  PhilotuSi  2.  A  contemptuous  term 
for  a  woman,  although  not  far  advanced 
in  life,  S.  Doug/as.  3.  A  witch,  Loth. 
Tweedd.  Pennecuik.  4.  The  last  hand- 
ful of  corn  cut  down  in  harvest-field,  when 
it  is  not  shorn  before  Hallowmas,  S.B. 
If  before  this,  it  is  called  the  Maiden. — 
Su.G.  kaering,  kaerling,  anus. 

CARLIN-HEATHER,*  a  Fine-leaved 
heath,  Erica  cinerea,  Linn.,  S. ;  also  called 

CARLIN-SUNDAY,  5.  That  preceding 
Palm-Sunday,  or  the  second  Sunday  from 
Easter,  S. 

CARLIN-SPURS,  .*.  pi.  Needle  furze,  or 
petty  whin,  Genista  Anglica,  Linn.,  S.B. 
q.  "the  spurs  of  an  old  woman." 

CARLIN-TEUCH,  (gutt.)  adj.  As  hardy 
as  an  old  woman,  S.B. — Teuch,  S.,  tough. 

CARLING,  s.  The  name  of  a  fish,  Fife. 
Supposed  to  be  the  Pogge,  Cottus  cata- 
phractus,  Linn. 

CARLINGS,  Peas  birsled  or  broiled, 
Ang.  According  to  Sibb.,  "pease  broiled 
on  Care- Sunday."     Ritson. 

CARLISH,  Carlitch,  adj.  1.  Coarse  ;  vul- 
gar. Dunbar. — A.S.  ceorlic,  vulgaris.  2. 
Rude  ;  harsh  in  manners.     Popul.  Ball. 

CARL-TANGLE,  s.  The  large  tangle,  or 
fucus,  Mearns. — Perhaps  so  termed  from 
its  being  covered  with  small  pieces  of 
fuci,  of  a  grayish  colour,  which  give  it 
the  appearance  of  hoariness  or  age.  V. 

CARLWIFE  or  WIFECARLE,  s.  A  man 
who  interferes  too  much  in  household 
affairs  ;  a  cotquean,  Lanarks.  —  From 
karl,  a  man,  and  xcifc,  a  woman,  as  used 
in  S-,  or  perhaps  as  denoting  a  housewife. 

CARMELE,  Carmylie,  Carameil,s.  Heath 
peas,  a  root,  S.  Orobus  tuberosus,  Linn. 
Pennant. — Gael,  cairmeal,  id.  V.  Knap- 

CARM1LITANIS,  *.  pi.  The  friars  pro- 
perly called  Carmelites. 




CARMUDGELT,  part.  adj.  Made  soft  by 
lightning;  applied  either  to  a  person  or  a 
thing,  Ayrs. — From  C.B.  ear -law,  to  bring, 
or  rather  eur-aw,  to  beat,  to  strike,  and 
medhal,  mezal,  soft,  mezal-u,  to  soften. 

CARNAIL,  adj.  Putrid.  Wallace.— Fr. 
charogneus.-putrifted ;  fullof  carrion,Cotgr. 

CARNAWIN',  Curnawin',  s.  A  painful 
sensation  of  hunger,  Kinross. — Perhaps 
from  E.  core,  and  the  v.  to  gnaw;  Heart- 
gnawing  or  Heart-hunger,  q.  v.  Car,  cor, 
or  cur,  is,  however,  frequently  prefixed 
to  words  as  an  intensive  particle.  V.  Cur. 

CARNELL,  s.  A  heap  ;  a  dimin.  from 
cairn.     Bellenden. 

CARN-T ANGLE,  s.  The  large,  long  fu- 
cus,  with  roots  not  unlike  those  of  a  tree, 
cast  ashore  on  the  beach  after  a  storm  at 
sea,  Aberd. 

CARNWATH-LIKE,  adj.  1.  Having  the 
appearance  of  wildness  or  awkwardness, 
S.  2.  Applied  to  what  is  distorted,  S. ; 
synon.  thraicn.  An  object  is  said  to  lie 
very  Carmcath-Wce,  when  it  is  out  of  the 
proper  line. 

CAROL-EWYN,  s.  The  name  given  in 
Perths.  to  the  last  night  of  the  year  ;  be- 
cause young  people  go  from  door  to  door 
singing  carols,  for  which  they  get  small 
cakes  in  return. 

To  CARP,  Carpe,  v.  a.  1.  To  speak  ;  to 
talk  ;  to  relate,  whether  verbally,  or  in 
writing.  Wyntown.  O.E.  id.  P.  Plough- 
man. 2.  To  sing.  Minstrelsy  Border. — 
Lat.  carpere,  to  cull. 

CARPING,*.  Narration.  O.E.  id.  V.ther. 

CARRALLES,  s.  pi.  Carols,  or  songs,  sung 
within  and  about  kirks  on  certain  days  ; 
prohibited  by  act  of  Parliament.  Acts 
Ja.  VI.    V.  Caraltngis  and  Gysar. 

CARREL,  i.  "  Carrels,  the  peece,contein- 
ing  15  elnes,  viij  1."  Rates,  A.  1611. 

CARRY,  s.  The  bulk  or  weight  of  a  bur- 
den, q.  that  which  is  carried,  Aberd. 

CARRY,  s.  1.  A  term  used  to  express  the 
motion  of  the  clouds  before  the  wind,  S.B. 
2.  Improperly  used  for  the  firmament  or 
sky.     Tannahill. 

CARRICK,*.  1.  The  bat  of  wood  driven 
by  clubs,  or  sticks  hooked  at  the  lower 
end,  in  the  game  of  Shintie,  Kinross. 
Perths.  2.  The  old  name  for  the  game 
of  Shinty,  Fife  ;  still  used  in  the  eastern 
part  of  that  county.     Hence, 

CAR.RICKIN',  s.  A  meeting  among  the 
boys  employed  as  herds,  at  Lammas,  for 
playing  at  Shinty,  on  which  occasion  they 
have  a  feast,  ibid. 

CARRIE,  s.    A  two- wheeled  barrow,  Loth. 

*  CARRIED,  Carryit,  part.  pa.  1.  Ap- 
plied to  a  person  whose  mind  is  in  so  ab- 
stracted a  state,  that  he  cannot  attend  to 
what  is  said  to  him,  or  to  the  business  he 
is  himself  engaged  in,  S.  2.  In  a  waver- 
ing state  of  mind,  not  fully  possessing 
recollection,  as  the  effect  of  fever,  S.     8. 

Elevated  in  mind,  overjoyed  at  any  event, 
so  as  not  to  seem  in  full  possession  of 
one's  mental  faculties  ;  as,  "Jenny's  got- 
ten an  heirscaip  left  her,  and  she's  just 
carryit  about  it."  Sometimes,  carryit  up 
in  the  air,  Roxb. 

C ARRIS,  s.  Flummery,  Wigtons.  Sowens, 
or  Sweens,  in  other  counties. — Evidently 
corr.  from  Gael,  cathbhrith,  cathbruith,  id. 
Shau\  This  must  be  compounded  oicath, 
pollard,  husks,  and  bruith,  boiled  ;  a  very 
accurate  description  of  the  dish,  q. 
"  boiled  pollard." 

CARR1TCH,  Caritch,  s.  The  vulgar  name 
for  a  catechism  ;  more  commonly  in  pi., 
caritches,  S.  Magopico.  2.  Used  some- 
what metaph.  Ferguson.  3.  Often  used 
in  the  sense  of  reproof.  I  gae  him  his 
carritch,  I  reprehended  him  with  seve- 
rity, Aug. 

CARRY  W ARRY,  s.  A  kind  of  burlesque 
serenade,  or  mock-music,  made  with  pots, 
kettles,  frying-pans,  shouting,  screaming, 
&c,  at  or  near  the  doors  and  windows  of 
old  people  who  marry  a  second  time  ; 
especially  of  old  women  and  widows  who 
marry  young  men,  W.Loth.  Fife.  —  Fr. 
charivaris  is  used  exactly  in  the  same 
sense.     Derivation  uncertain. 

*  CARROT,  s.  Applied,  in  composition,  to 
the  colour  of  the  hair,  S.;  as,  carrot-head, 
carrot-pow  or  poll.  The  English  use  car- 
roty as  an  adj.  in  this  sense. 

CARSACKIE,  s.  1.  A  coarse  covering,  re- 
sembling a  sheet,  worn  by  workmen  over 
their  clothes,  Fife.  2.  A  bedgown,  worn 
by  females,  ibid.  Cartoush,  synon.  — 
Either  q.  car-sack,  a  sack  or  frock  used 
by  car-men  ;  or  more  probably  corr.  from 
Su.G.   kasjacba ;  Teut.   kasacke,  a  short 

CAR-SADDLE,  s.  The  small  saddle  put 
on  the  back  of  a  carriage-horse,  for  sup- 
porting the  trams  or  shafts  of  the  carriage, 
S.  Cursaddle,  Upp.  Clydes.  Herd's  Coll. — 
From  car,  Dan.  karre;  Su.G.  kaerre, vehi- 
culum,deducedfrom  koer-a,  currum  agere ; 
Germ,  karr-en,  vehere  ;  and  saddle. 

CARSAYE,  s.  The  woollen  stuff  called 
kersey.     Aberd.  Reg. 

CARSE,  Kerss,  s.  Low  and  fertile  land, 
generally  that  which  is  adjacent  to  a 
river  ;  as,  The  Carse  of  Gotcrie,  The  Carse 
of  Stirling,  &c,  S."  Barbour.— Su.G. 
kaerr,  and  Isl.  kiar,  kaer,  both  signify  a 
marsh.  Carse  is  sometimes  used  as  an 
adj.;  as  carse  grounds.    LordHailes. 

CARSTANG,  s.  'The  shaft  of  a  cart,  Roxb.; 
(tram  synon.);  from  car,  a  cart, and  stang, 
a  pole,  q.  v. 

CARTAGE,  s.  Apparently  for  carcass.  Douq. 

CART- AVER,  s.  A  cart-horse,  s.  V.  Aver. 

CARTE,  s.  A  chariot,  especially  one  used 
in  war. — Chaucer,  carte,  id.;  Ir.  cairt ; 
C.B.  kertuyn  ;  A.S.  craet,  id. 

CARTES, .«.  pi.     The  cartes,  the  game  of 




cards,  rather  pronounced  as  eairts,  S. 
Playing  cards.     Antiquary. 

C'ARTIL,  s.  A  cart-load,  Ang. ;  perhaps 
contr.  from  cart,  and  fill,  or  full. 

CARTOUSH,  s.  A  bedgown,  strait  about 
the  waist,  with  short  skirts,  having  their 
corners  rounded  off,  resembling  the  upper 
part  of  a  modern  riding-habit,  Fife. — 
From  Fr.  court,  short,  and  housse,  "a 
short  mantle  of  corse  cloth  (and  all  of  a 
peece)  worne  in  ill  weather  by  countrey 
women,  about  their  head  and  sholders  ;" 

CARTOW,  s.  A  great  cannon  ;  a  battering 
piece.    Spalding.—  Teut.  kartouice,  id. 

CART-PIECE,  *.  A  species  of  ordnance 
anciently  used  in  Scotland,  apparently 
borne  on  a  carriage  or  cart.    Spalding. 

CARVEY,  Carvies,  s.  pi.  Confections  in 
which  caraway  seeds  are  enclosed,  S. 

CARUEL,  Kervel,  s.  A  kind  of  ship. 
Douglas. — Fr.  cararelle,  id. ;  Teut.  Jcare- 
veel ;  Hisp.  cararela;  Isl.  karf. 

CARVY,  Carvie,  Carvev,  s.     Caraway,  S. 

CARWING  PRIKIS.  Supposed  to  be 

C ASAKENE,  s.  A  kind  of  surtout.— Ital. 
casachin-o;  O.Fr.  casaquin,  camisole,  pe- 
tite casaque  a  1'  usage  des  femmes ;  Roque- 

CASCEIS,  s.  Inventories. — L.B.  cassus,  is 
defined  by  Du  Cange,  pars  vestis  major, 
qua  corpus  tegitur,  exceptis  brachiis. 

CASCHET,  Cashet,  s.  The  facsimile  of 
the  king's  superscription.  Acts  Ja.  VI. 
—From  Fr.  cachet,  a  seal.  This  term  has 
the  same  signification  with  caschet,  S. 

CASCHIELAWIS,  An  instrument  of 
torture.     V.  Caspicaws. 

CASE,  Caise,  .9.  Chance.  Of  case,,  by 
chance;  accidentally.     Acts  J  a.  III. 

CASEABLE,  adj.  Naturally  belonging  to 
a  particular  situation  or  case.     Baillie. 

CASEMENTS,  s.  pi.  The  name  given  by 
carpenters  in  S.  to  the  kind  of  planes 
called  by  English  tradesmen  hollows  and 

CASHHORNIE,  s.  A  game,  played  with 
clubs,  by  two  opposite  parties  of  boys  ; 
the  aim  of  each  party  being  to  drive  a  ball 
into  a  hole  belonging  to  their  antagonists, 
while  the  latter  strain  every  nerve  to  pre- 
vent this,  Fife. 

CASH1E,  adj.  1.  Luxuriant  and  succu- 
lent ;  spoken  of  vegetables  and  the  shoots 
of  trees,  Upp.  Clydes.  Dumfr.— Isl.  koes, 
congeries ;  whence  kas-a,  cumulare  :  or, 
perhaps,  rather  allied  to  Isl.  kask-ur, 
strenuus,  as  radically  the  same  with 
Hasky,  rank,  q.  v.  2.  Transferred  to  ani- 
mals that  grow  very  rapidly,  Dumfr.  3. 
Delicate,  not  able  to  endure  fatigue,  Sel- 
kirks.  Dumfr. — This  is  only  a  secondary 
sense  of  the  term  ;  as  substances,  whe- 
ther vegetable  or  animal,  which  shoot  up 
very  rapidly  and  rankly,  are  destitute  of 

vigour.  4.  Flaccid,  slabby  ;  applied  to 
food,  Roxb. 

CASIIIE,  adj.  1.  Talkative,  Roxb.  2.  For- 
ward, ibid. — This,  I  suspect,  is  originally 
the  same  with  Calshie. 

To  CASHLE,  Cashel,  r.  n.  To  squabble, 

CASHLE,  g.  A  squabble  ;  a  broil.— Su.G. 
kaex-a,  rixari  ;  Teut.  kass-en,  stridere. 

CASHMARIES,  s.  pi.  Fish-carriers,  or 
people  who  drive  fish  from  the  sea  through 
the  villages. — Fr.  chasse-maree. 

CASPICAWS,  Caspitaws,  Caspie  laws,  An  instrument  of  torture  formerly 
used  in  S.  Maclaurin's  ('rim.  Cases. — 
Perhaps  from  Teut.  kausse,  kousse,  (Fr. 
chausse,)  a  stocking,  and  lauu;  tepidus,  q. 
"  the  warm  hose."' 

To  CASS,  v.  a.  To  make  void ;  to  annul. 
Acts  Ja.  IV. — Fr.  cass-er,  id.;  L.B.  cass- 
are,  irritum  reddere. 

CASS,  .9.  1.  Chance  ;  accident,  O.E.  id. 
Wallace.  2.  Work  ;  business.  Barbour. 
— Fr.  cas,  matter,  fact,  deed. 

CASSEDONE,  s.  Chalcedony,  a  precious 
stone. — L.B.  cassidon-ium,  murrha,  spe- 
cies lapidis  pretiosi  ;  Gall,  cassidoine. 

CASSIE,  Cazzie,  s.  1.  A  sort  of  basket 
made  of  straw,  which  may  contain  a  boll 
of  meal,  S.B.  Brand,  It  is  also  writ- 
ten cosie.  2.  Used  in  Orkney  instead  of 
a  corn  riddle  ;  or  made  like  a  bee-skep, 
and  used  for  carrying  peats.  Statist.  Ace. 
— Teut.  kasse,  capsa,  cista  ;  Fr.  casse ; 
Ital.  cassa ;  L.B.  cassa,  id. ;  Su.G.  kasse, 
reticulum,  in  quo  pisces  portantur,  &c. 

CASSIA, part. pa.  Defeated;  routed.  Bel- 
lenden. — Fr.  cass-er,  to  break  ;  to  crush. 

CAST,  s.  1.  A  twist  ;  a  contortion  ;  as, 
His  neck  has  gotten  a  cast,  or,  a  wrang 
cast,  S.  2.  Opportunity  ;  chance,  S.  Old 
Mortality.  3.  A  turn  ;  an  event  of  any 
kind,  S.  Boss.  4.  Lot  ;  fate.  Hamil- 
ton. 5.  Aim  ;  object  in  view.  Douglas. 
6.  Subtle  contrivance  ;  wile  ;  stratagem. 
Wyntown.  7.  Facility  in  performing  any 
manual  work,  such  especially  as  requires 
ingenuity  or  expertness,  S.  Douglas.  8. 
Legerdemain;  sleight-of-hand.  Houlate. 
9.  The  effect  of  ingenuity,  as  manifested 
in  literary  works.  Douglas.  10.  A  cast 
of  one's  hand,  occasional  aid,  such  as  is 
given  to  another  by  one  passing  by,  in 
performing  a  work  that  exceeds  one's 
strength.  11.  Applied  to  the  mind  ;  "  He 
wants  a  cast,"  said  of  one  who  is  supposed 
to  have  some  degree  of  mental  defect,  or 
weakness  of  intellect. — C.B.  cast  signifies 
a  trick,  techna  ;  Su.G.  kost,  modus  agendi. 

CAST,  s.  LA  district  ;  a  tract  of  country, 
S.  2.  That  particular  course  in  which 
one  travels,  S.     Boss. 

CAST,  s.  A  cast  of  herrings,  haddocks, 
oysters,  &c,  four  in  number,  S. — Su.G. 
kast-a,  to  cast,  to  throw.  Ett  kast  sill, 
quaternio  halecum. 




To  CAST,  v.  a.     To  use  ;  to  propose  ;  to 

bring  forth.     "  To  cast  essonyies,"  LL.S. 

to  exhibit  excuses. — Su.G.  kast-a,  mittere. 

To  CAST,  r.  a.    To  eject  from  the  stomach, 

S.B.    Keest,  pret.    Boss.    To  cast  up,  E. 

To  CAST,  v.  a.     Applied  to  eggs.     1.  To 

beat  them  up  for  pudding,  &c,  S.     2.  To 

drop  them  for  the  purpose  of  divination  ; 

a  common  practice  at  Hallowe'en,  S. 

To  CAST,  t.  a.     To  give  a  coat  of  lime  or 

plaster,  S. ;  pret.  Kest. — The  r.  is  often 

used  in  this  sense  by  itself.     A  house  is 

said  to  be  cast,  or  rough-cast,  S.    This  use 

of  the  term  obviously  refers  to  the  mode 

of  laying  on  the  lime,  i.  e.  by  throwing  it 

from  the  trowel. 

To  CAST,  v.  n.     To   swarm  ;   applied   to 

bees, S.— Although  used  like  E.sicarm,ns  a 

v.  n.,  it  must  have  been  originally  active, 

q.  to  send  forth  ;  to  throw  off  a  swarm  ; 

from  Su.G.  kast-a,  jacere,  mittere. 

CASTING,  s.     The   act   of  swarming,  as 

applied  to  bees  ;  as,  "  The  bees  are  juist 

at  the  castin',"  S. — "  Before  I  go  on  to 

advise  you  about  the  swarming  or  casting 

of  your  bees,  I  shall  here  say  a  word  or 

two  concerning  the  entries  and  covers  of 

hives,"  Maxwell's  Bee-master. 

To  CAST  a  clod  between  persons,  to  widen 

the  breach  between  them,  S.B.     Boss. 
To  CAST  a  stone  at  one,  to  renounce  all 

connexion  with  one,  S. 
To  CAST  out,  v.  n.  To  quarrel,  S.  Ramsay. 
To  CAST  UP,  r.  a.     To  throw  any  thing  in 
one's  teeth  ;  to  upbraid  oue  with  a  thing, 
S.     Boss. 
To  CAST  IP,  r.  a.    1.  To  throw  up  a  scum  ; 
particularly  applied  to  milk,  when  the 
cream  is  separated  on  the  top,  S.     2.  To 
resign  ;  to  give  up  with  ;  to  discontinue  ; 
E.  to  throw  up.  Spalding. — Sw.kast-a  up; 
Dan.  opkast-er,  to  throw  up. 
To  CAST  up,  r.  n.     1 .  To  occur  ;  to  come 
in  one's  way  accidentally  ;  pret.  coost  up, 
S.    Saxon  and  Gael.    This  idiom  has,  per- 
haps, been  borrowed  from  the  practice  of 
casting   or  tossing   up  a  piece  of  coin, 
when  it  is  meant  to  refer  any  thing  to 
chance.    2.  To  be  found ;  to  appear,  al- 
though presently  out  of  the  way.    It  most 
generally  denotes  an  accidental  reappear- 
ance, or  the  discovery  of  a  thing  when  it 
is  not  immediately  sought  for,  S. 
To  CAST  up,  r.  n.     The  clouds  are  said  to 
cast  up,  or  to  be  casting  up,  when  they 
rise  from  the  horizon,  so  as  to  threaten 
rain,  S.     V.  Upcasting. 
T>  CAST  Words,  to  quarrel,  S.B.     Wyn- 

town. — Su.G.  ordkasta,  to  quarrel. 
To  CAST,  t.  n.  To  clear ;  used  to  denote 
the  appearance  of  the  sky  when  day  be- 
gins to  break,  S.B. — The  sky  now  casts, 
an'  the  birds  begin  to  sing. 
It's  Castin'  up.  The  sky  is  beginning  to 
clear,  after  rain,  or  verv  louring  wea- 
ther, S. 

To  CAST,  r.  n.     To  warp  ;  to  shrivel,  S.— - 

"  The  larix  is  liable  to  cast,  as  we  call  it, 

or  to  warp,  after  having  been  sawn  into 

deals."    Agr.  Surv.  Stirl. 

To  CAST  at,'  r.  a.     To  spurn ;  to  contemn. 

— Isl.  atkast,  insultatio,  detrectatio. 
To  CAST  Cavels.    To  cast  lots.    V.  Cavel, 

sense  2. 
To  CAST  Cavill  be  Soke  or  Schadow. 
To  cast  lots  for  determining  whether,  in 
the  division  of  lands,  the  person  dividing 
is  to  begin  on  the  sunny,  or  on  the  shaded 
side  of  the  lands,  S.  Balfour. 
To  CAST  Count.     To  make  account  of;  to 

care  for  ;  to  regard,  Aberd. 
To  CAST  a  Ditch.     To  make  a  ditch ;  to 

cast  a  trench.     Spalding. 
To  CAST  Gudes.     To  throw  goods  over- 
board, for  lightening  a  ship.     Balfour. 
To  CAST  III  on  one.     To  subject  one  to 
some  calamity,  by  the  supposed  influence 
of  witchcraft ',  S.     V.  Ill,  s. 
To  CAST  open,  r.  a.    To  open  suddenly,  S. 

To  CAST  'Peats,  or  Turfs.     To  dig  them 

by  means  of  a  spade,  S.     Spalding. 
To  CAST  a  Stack.     When  a  stack  of  grain 
begins  to  heat,  it  is  casten,  or  turned  over, 
in  order  to  its  being  aired  and  dried,  S. 
CAST-BYE,  s.     What  is  thrown  aside  as 
unserviceable ;  a  castaway,  South  of  S. 
Heart  Mid -Loth. 
CAST  EWE,  Cast  Yow.     One  not  fit  for 
breeding;  the  same  with  Draucht  Ewe, 
q.  v.,  Roxb. 
CAST-OUT,  s.    A  quarrel,  S. ;  syn.  Outcast. 
CASTELMAN,  s.     A  castellain ;  the  con- 
stable of  a  castle.     Balfour. — Lat.  castel- 
lan-us,  custos  castri,  Da  Cange.     Skene 
renders  it  Castel/ane;   in   the   margent, 
"  Keipar  of  the  Kingis  Castell." 
CASTELWART,s.    The  keeper  of  a  castle. 

Wyntovm. — From  castle  and  ward. 
CASTING  OF  THE  HEART.     A  mode  of 
divination  used  in  Orkney. — "  They  have 
a  charm  also  whereby  they  try  if  persons 
be  in  a  decay  or  not,  and  if  they  will  die 
thereof,  which  they  call   Casting  of  the 
Heart:'     Brand's  (Men. 
CASTING  HOIS.    "  Ane  pair  of  casting 
hois,"  Aberd.  Beg. — Fr.  castaign,  chest- 
nut coloured. 
CASTINGS,  s.  pi.  Old  clothes ;  cast  clothes ; 
the  perquisite  of  a  nurse  or  waiting-maid, 
S.     Boss. 
CASTOCK,  Castack,  Custoc,  .<*.     The  core 
or  pith  of  a  stalk  of  colewort  or  cabbage  ; 
often  kail-castock,  S.      Journal  Lond. — 
Belg.  keest,  medulla,  cor,  matrix  arboris, 
the  pith. 
CAT,  s.     A  small  bit  of  rag,  rolled  up  and 
put  between  the  handle  of  a  pot  and  the 
hook  which  suspends  it  over  the  fire,  to 
raise  it  a  little,  Roxb. 
CAT,  s.     A  handful  of  straw,  with  or  with- 
out corn  upon  it,  or  of  reaped  grain,  laid 




on  the  ground  by  the  reaper,  without 
being  put  iuto  a  sheaf,  Roxb.  Dunifr. — ■ 
Perhaps  from  the  Belg.  word  katt-en,  to 
throw,  the  handful  of  corn  being  cast  on 
the  ground  ;  whence  kat  a  small  anchor. 
CAT,  s.  The  name  given  to  a  bit  of  wood, 
a  horn,  or  any  thing  which  is  struck  in  i 
place  of  a  ball  in  certain  games.    V.  Hor-  | 


CAT,  s.  For  many  ridiculous  superstitions 
regarding  this  animal,  see  the  Supp.  to 

CAT  and  CLAY,  the  materials  of  which  a 
mud-wall  is  constructed  in  many  parts  of 
S.  Straw  and  clay  are  well  wrought 
together,  and  being  formed  into  pretty 
large  rolls,  are  laid  between  the  different 
wooden  posts  by  means  of  which  the  wall 
is  formed,  and  carefully  pressed  down  so 
as  to  incorporate  with  each  other,  or  with 
the  twigs  that  are  sometimes  plaited  from 
one  post  to  another,  S. 

To  CAT  a  Chimney,  to  enclose  a  vent  by  the 
process  called  Cat  and  Clay,  Teviotd. 

CAT  and  DOG,  the  name  of  an  ancient 
sport,  S.— It  seems  to  be  an  early  form 
of  Cricket. 

CATBAND,  s.  1.  The  name  given  to  the 
strong  hook  used  on  the  inside  of  a  door 
or  gate,  which,  being  fixed  to  the  wall, 
keeps  it  shut.  Act  Sedt.  2.  A  chain 
drawn  across  a  street,  for  defence  in  time 
of  war. — Germ,  kette,  a  chain,  and  band. 

CAT-BEDS,  s.  pi.  The  name  of  a  game 
played  by  young  people,  Berths. 

CATCHROGUE,  s.  Cleavers  or  goosegrass ; 
an  herb  generally  growing  in  hedges,  and 
adhering  to  the  clothes  of  those  who  at- 
tempt to  break  through  them,  S.  Galium 
aparine,  Linn. 

ten,  s.  The  name  of  a  game  at  cards ; 
Catch-honours,  Ayrs. 

CATCHY,  adj.  Disposed  to  take  the  ad- 
vantage of  another,  S. ;  from  the  E.  r. 

CATCHIE,  adj."  Merry,"  jocund;  Gl.  Aberd. 
— Su.G.kaete;  Isl.  kaeti,  laetitia,A-«£-r,  lae- 
tus,  kiaete,  exhilaror. 

CATCHIE,  Catch-hammer,  s.  One  of  the 
smallest  hammers  used  by  stone-masons, 
forpinning  walls,  &c.,Roxb. — Teut.  kaetse, 
ictus,  percussio. 

CATCLUKE,  Catluke,  s.  Trefoil;  an 
herb,  S.  Lotus  coruiculatus,  Linn.  Dou- 
glas.— "Named  from  some  fanciful  re- 
semblance it  has  to  a  cat  (cat's)  or  a  bird's 
foot;"  Rudd.  Dan.  katte-cloe,  a  cat's 
claw  or  clutch  ;  Sw.  katt-klor,  cat's  claws. 

To  CATE,  Cait,  r.  n.  To  desire  the  male 
or  female  ;  a  term  strictly  applied  to  cats 
only.  Colvil. — Su.G.  kaat,  salax,  lascivus, 
kaett-ias,  lascivire.     V.  Caige,  Caigie. 

To  CATER,  r.  n.  A  term  applied  to  a  fe- 
male cat,  in  the  same  sense  with  Cate ; 
as,  "  The  cat's  caterin"  pron.  q.  caiterin, 

Fife. — Isl.  katur,  kater,  Iaetus,  salax.  V. 

CATECHIS,  s.  A  catechism.  Abp.  Ha- 
milton n. 

*  CATEGORY, .«.  Used  to  denote  a  list, 
or  a  class  of  persons  accused.     Spalding. 

CATER,  s.  Money,  S.B.;  q.  what  is  catered. 
Shirrefs.     V.  Catour. 

CATERANES,  Katheranes,  s.  pi.  Bands 
of  robbers,  especially  such  as  came  down 
from  the  Highlands  to  the  low  country, 
and  carried  off  cattle,  corn,  or  whatever 
pleased  them,  from  those  who  were  not 
able  to  make  resistance,  S.  Kaitrinc, 
Keitrin.  Stat.  Bob.  II.— It.  ceathar- 
nach,  a  soldier;  '■.  atharb,  a  troop. 

CAT-FISH,  Sea-Cat,  s.  The  Sea-wolf,  S. 
Anarhicas  lupus,  Linn.  Sw.  haf-kat,  i.  e., 
sea-cat.     Sibba/d. 

CAT-GUT,  s.  Thread  fucus,  or  Sea  Laces, 
Fucus  filum,  Linn.  Orku.    NeiWs  Tour. 

CAT-HARROW, s.  "  They  draw  the  Cat- 
Harrow;  that  is,  they  thwart  one  ano- 
ther," Loth.  Ane:.     Li/ndsay. 

CATHEAD  BAND,  the  name  given  by 
miners  to  a  coarse  iron-stone,  Lanarks. — ■ 
Can  this  have  a  reference  to  S.,  Catband, 
as  bindin<i  the  different  strata  together  ; 

CAT- HEATHER,  s.  A  finer  species  of 
heath,  low  and  slender,  growing  more  in 
separate  upright  stalks  than  the  common 
heath, and  flowering  only  at  the  top,  Aberd. 

CATHEL-NAIL,s.  The  nail  by  which  the 
body  of  a  cart  is  fastened  to  the  axle- 
tree,  Fife. 

CAT-HOLE,  s.  1.  The  name  given  to  the 
loop-holes  or  narrow  openings  in  the  walls 
of  a  barn,  S.  2.  A  sort  of  niche  in  the 
wall  of  a  barn,  in  which  keys  and  other 
necessaries  are  deposited  in  the  inside, 
where  it  is  not  perforated,  S. 

CA-THRO',  s.  A  great  disturbance,  South 
of  S.,  Lanarks.  Antiquary.  Gae-through 
synou.  From  the  r.  Caw,  to  drive,  and 
the  prep,  through. 

CA'-THROW,  s.  A  great  disturbance  ;  a 
broil ;  a  tumult.     V.  under  Call,  Ca',  v. 

To  CA'-THROW,  r.  a.  To  go  through  any 
business  with  activity  and  mettle,  S.B. 

CAT-HUD,  s.  The  name  given  to  a  large 
stone,  which  serves  as  a  back  to  a  fire  on 
the  hearth,  in  the  house  of  a  cottager, 
Dunifr. — Su.G.  kactte  denotes  a  small  cell 
or  apartment,  which  corresponds  to  the 
form  of  the  country  fireside  ;  also  a  bed  ; 
a  pen.  Hud  might  seem  allied  to  Teut. 
huyd-en,  conservare,  as  the  stone  is  meant 
to  guard  this  enclosure  from  the  effects  of 
the  fire. 

CATINE,  s.     Unexplained.     Polwart. 

CAT  I'  THE  HOLE,  s.  The  name  of  a 
game  well  known  in  Fife,  and  perhaps  in 
other  counties. — If  seven  boys  are  to  play, 
six  holes  are  made  at  certain  distances. 
Each  of  the  six  stands  at  a  hole,  with  a 
short  stick   in   his  hand  ;    the   seventh 




stands  at  a  certain  distance,  holding  a 
ball.  When  he  gives  the  word,  or  makes 
the  sign  agreed  upon,  all  the  six  must 
change  holes,  each  running  to  his  neigh- 
bour's hole,  and  putting  his  stick  in  the 
hole  which  he  has  newly  seized.  In  mak- 
ing this  change,  the  boy  who  has  the  ball 
tries  to  put  it  into  an  empty  hole.  If  he 
succeeds  in  this,  the  boy  who  had  not  his 
stick  (for  the  stick  is  the  Cat)  in  the  hole 
to  which  he  had  run,  is  put  out,  and  must 
take  the  ball.  When  the  Cat  is  in  the 
Hole,  it  is  against  the  laws  of  the  game 
to  put  the  ball  into  it. 
CAT  YOGLE,  s.  "  Strix  Bubo,  (Linn,  syst.) 
Katyogle,  Great  horned  owl."  Edmon- 
stone's  Zetl.  V.  Katogle. 
To  CATLILL,  v.  a.  To  thrust  the  finger 
forcibly  under  the  ear  ;  a  barbarous  mode 
of  chastising,  Dumfr.  ;  syn.  with  Gulf. 
CATLILLS,  s.  pi.  To  gie  one  his  catlills, 
to  punish  him  in  this  way,  ibid.— Belg. 
lellen  denotes  the  gills  of  a  fowl,  from  lei, 
lelle,  the  lap  of  the  ear. 
CAT-LOUP,  s.  1.  A  very  short  distance 
as  to  space,  S.  q.  as  far  as  a  cat  may 
leap.  Hoijg.  2.  A  moment ;  as,  "  l'se 
be  wi'  ye  in  a  catloup,"  i.  e.,  instantly, 
"  I  will  be  with  you  as  quickly  as  a  cat 
can  leap,"  S.  V.  Loup. 
CATMAW,  s.  "  To  tumble  the  catmaic;"  to 

go  topsy-turvy,  to  tumble,  S.B. 
CATOUR,  s.     A  caterer;  a  provider.   Wal- 
lace.—  O.Teut.  hate r,  oeconomus.     Y.  Ka- 
To  CATRIBAT,   r.  n.     To   contend;  to 

quarrel,  Roxb. 
CATRICK,  s.  A  supposed  disease  to  which 
the  roots  of  the  fingers  are  subject  from 
handling  cats  too  frequently. — It  is  also 
believed,  in  Angus,  that  if  a  cat  that  has 
crossed  a  dead  body  afterwards  walk 
over  the  roof  of  a  house,  the  head  of  that 
house  will  die  within  the  year.  Another 
superstition  prevails,  that  after  having 
crossed  over  a  dead  body,  the  first  person 
the  cat  leaps  over  will  become  blind. 
The  supposed  danger,  in  such  circum- 
stances, has  been  traced  to  a  laudable 
design  to  guard  the  bodies  of  the  dead 
from  this  carnivorous  animal.  V.  Catter. 
CATRIDGE,  Catrous.  Expl.  "  a  diminu- 
tive person  fond  of  women,"  Strathmore. 
CAT'S  CARRIAGE.  The  same  play  that 
is  otherwise  called  the  King's  Cushion, 
q.  v.,  Loth. 
CAT'S  CRADLE,  s.  A  plaything  for  chil- 
dren, made  of  packthread  on  the  fingers 
of  one  person,  and  transferred  from  them 
to  those  of  another,  S. 
CATS-HAIR,  s.  1.  The  down  that  covers 
unfledged  birds,  Fife ;  synon.  Paddock- 
hair.  2.  The  down  on  the  face  of  boys, 
before  the  beard  grows,  S.  3.  Applied  also 
to  the  thin  hair  that  often  grows  on  the 
bodies  of  persons  in  bad  health,  S. 

CAT-SILLER,  s.  The  mica  of  mineralo- 
gists, S. ;  the  katzen  silber  of  the  vulgar 
in  Germany. — Teut.  katten-silter,  amian- 
tus,  mica,  vulgo  argentum  felium  ;  Kilian. 

CAT'S-LUG,  s.  The  name  given  to  the 
Auricula  ursi,  Linn.,  Roxb. 

CAT'S-STAIRS,  s.  A  plaything  for  chil- 
dren, made  of  thread,  small  cord,  or  tape, 
which  is  so  disposed  by  the  hands  as  to  fall 
down  like  steps  of  a  stair,  Dumfr.  Gall. 

CATSTANE,  s.  One  of  the  upright  stones 
which  supports  a  grate,  there  being  one 
on  each  side,  Roxb.  Since  the  introduc- 
tion of  Carron  grates,  these  stones  are 
found  in  kitchens  only.  The  term  is  said 
to  originate  from  this  being  the  favourite 
seat  of  the  cat.    V.  Bar-stane. 

CATSTANE-HEAD,  s.  The  flat  top  of  the 
Cat-stane,  ibid. 

CATSTEPS,  s.  pi.  The  projections  of  the 
stones  in  the  slanting  part  of  a  gable, 
Roxb.     Corbie-steps  synon. 

CATS-TAILS,  s.  pi.  Hares-Tail-Rush, 
Eriophoruni  vaginatum,  Linn.  Mearns.  ; 
also  called  Canna-down,  Cat-Tails,  Gal- 

CATTEN-CLOVER,  Cat-in-clover,  s.  The 
Lotus,  South  of  S.  Sw.  katt-klor,  cat's 
claws.     V.  Catsiller. 

CATTER,  Catehr,  s.  1.  Catarrh.  Bellen- 
Sen,  2.  A  supposed  disease  of  the  fingers 
from  handling  cats.     V.  Catrick. 

CATTERBATCH,  8.  Abroil,a  quarrel,  Fife. 
Teut.  kater,  a  he-cat,  and  boetse,  rendered 
cavillatio;  q.  "  a  cat's  quarrel." 

To  CATTERBATTER,  r.  n.  To  wrangle  ; 
at  times  implying  the  idea  of  good  hu- 
mour, Tweedd. ;  evidently  from  the  same 
origin  with  the  preceding. 

CATTLE-RA1K,  s.  A  common,  or  exten- 
sive pasture,  where  cattle  feed  at  large, 
S.— From  cattle,  and  raik,  to  range.  V. 

CAT WITTIT,  adj.  Harebrained ;  unsettled ; 
q.  having  the  wits  of  a  cat,  S. 

CAVABURD,  s.  A  thick  fall  of  snow,Shetl. 

To  CAUCHT,  r.  a.  To  catch,  to  grasp. 
Douglas. — Formed  from  the  pret.  of  catch. 

To  CAVE,  Keve,  r.  a.  1.  To  push,  to 
drive  backward  and  forward,  S.  2.  To 
toss.  "  To  cate  the  head,"  to  toss  it  in  a 
haughty  or  awkward  way,  S.  Cleland. 

To  CAVE  over,  r.  n.  To  fall  over  suddenly, 
S.  MelmtVs  MS. 

CAVE,  s.  1 .  A  stroke,  a  push,  S.  2.  A  toss. 
— Isl.  akafr,  cum  impetu,  vehementer. 

To  CAVE,  v.  a.  1.  To  separate  grain  from 
the  broken  straw,  after  threshing,  S.B. 
2.  To  separate  corn  from  the  chaff,  S.A. 
— Teut.  kar-en,  eventilare  paleas  ;  or  the 
v.,  both  as  signifying  to  toss  and  to  sepa- 
rate, may  be  viewed  as  the  same  with  Isl. 
kaf-a,  Tolutare  ;  kafa  i  heya,  to  toss,  ted, 
or  cave  hay. 

CAVE,  s.  A  deficiency  in  understanding, 
Aberd.— Teut.  keye,  stultus,  insanus. 




CAVEE,  Si  A  state  of  commotion,  or  per- 
turbation of  mind,  Aberd. ;  perhaps  q.  Fr. 
cas  vif,  a  matter  that  gives  or  requires 
activity  ;  like  S.  Pavie. 

CAVEL,  Cavill,s.     A  low  fellow. 

CAVEL,  Cauil,  Cafle,  Kavel,  Kevil,  s. 

1.  Expl.  "a  rod,  a  pole,  a  long  staff." 
Chr.  Kirk. — Su.G.  hijle,  pertica,  bacillus ; 
Germ,  fteiile,  a  club.  2.  A  lot,  S.  keul, 
S.A.  Hence,  "to  cast  cavels,"  to  cast 
lots.  Card,  id.  Northumb.  Wallace. 
3.  By  Rudd.  cavillis  is  not  only  trans- 
lated lots,  but  "responses  of  oracles." 
Douglas.  4.  State  appointed,  allotment 
in  Providence,  S.B.  Ross.  5.  A  division 
or  share  of  property,  as  being  originally 
determined  by  lot,  S.B.  Laic  Case.  6. 
Used  to  denote  a  ridge  of  growing  corn, 
especially  where  the  custom  of  run-rig  is 
retained,  Perths. — Su.G.  Isl.  hafte,  which 
primarily  means  a  rod,  is  transferred  to  a 
lot  in  general;  Teut.  katel,  a  lot,  kavel-en, 
to  cast  lots. 

To  CAVELL,  r.  a.  To  divide  by  lot.  S.B. 
Law  Case. 

Kaveling  and  Deling,  casting  lots  and  di- 
viding the  property  according  as  the  lot 
falls  ;  dividing  by  lot. 

CAVER,  Kaver,  s.  [pron.  like  E.  brave.'] 
A  gentle  breeze,  a  term  used  on  the  west- 
ern coast  of  S. ;  probably  from  the  r.  Cave, 
to  drive  ;  q.  one  which  drives  a  vessel  for- 
ward in  its  course,  or  perhaps  as  includ- 
ing the  idea  of  tossing ;  synon.  Saicr. 

To  CAVIE,  t.  it.  1.  to  rear,  or  prance,  as  a 
horse,  Aberd.  Mearns.  2.  to  toss  the 
head,  or  to  walk  with  an  airy  and  affect- 
ed step,  ibid.  A  diminutive  from  Cave, 
Keve,  v. 

CAVIE,  s.     1.  A  hencoop,  S.      J.  Nicol. 

2.  In  former  times  the  lower  part  of  the 
aamrie,  or  meat-press,  was  thus  denomi- 
nated.— Teut.  kevie,  id.,  aviarium ;  Lat. 
cave  a. 

CAVIN,s.  A  convent  ;  pron.  like  E.  cave. 
That  this  was  anciently  in  use,  appears 
from  the  name  still  given  to  a  burial- 
place  in  Aberbrothick,  thecavin  kirkyard, 
i.  e.,  the  churchyard  of  the  convent;  pron. 
q.  Caivin. — O.E.  couent ;  Palsgr. 

CAVINGS,  s.  pi.  The  short,  broken  straw 
from  which  the  grain  has  been  separated 
by  means  of  the  barn-rake,  Loth.  V. 
Cave,  v. 

CAU  IS,  M  p.  sing.  Falls  suddenly  over. 
Douglas.  V.  Cave  over,  v. 

CAUITS,  s.  pi.  Apparently,  cat-calls. — 
From  S.  caw,  to  call.  Henrysone. 

To  CAUL,  or  Cauld,  v.  a.  To  caul  the 
bank  of  a  river,  is  to  lay  a  bed  of  loose 
stones  from  the  channel  of  the  river  back- 
wards, as  far  as  may  be  necessary,  for 
defending  the  land  against  the  inroads  of 
the  water,  S.A. 

CAULD,  Caul,  s.  A  dam-head,  S.A.  Lay 
Last  Minstrel. — Teut.  kade,  a  small  bank. 

CAULD  BARK,  "To  lie  in  the  cauld 
bark,"  to  be  dead,  S.B.  Ross. — Per- 
haps a  corr.  of  A.S.  beorg,  sepulchre  ;  q. 
cold  grave. 

CAULD-CASTEN-TO,  adj.  Lifeless;  dull; 
insipid,  Aberd. ;  pron.  Caul-cassin-tee. — 
Metaph.  taken  from  the  brewing  of  beer. 
If  the  wort  be  cauld  casten  to  the  barm, 
i.  e.,  if  the  wort  be  too  cold  when  the  yeast 
is  put  to  it,  fermentation  does  not  take 
place,  and  the  liquor,  of  course,  is  vapid. 

CAULD  COAL.  He  has  a  cauld  coal  to 
hi  aw  at,  "He  is  engaged  in  work  that 
promises  no  success,"  S.  Prov. 

CAULD  COMFORT.  1.  Any  unpleasant 
communication,  especially  when  some- 
thing of  a  different  description  has  been 
expected,  S.  2.  Inhospitality,  Roxb. 
This  generally  includes  the  idea  of  poor 

CAULD-KAIL-HET-AGAIN,  s.  1.  Lite- 
rally, broth  warmed  and  served  up  the 
second  day,  S.  2.  Sometimes  applied  to 
a  sermon  preached  a  second  time  to  the 
same  auditory,  S.  3.  Used  as  an  adj.  iu 
denoting  a  flat  or  insipid  repetition  in 
whatever  wav,  S.     The  Entail. 

CAULDLlE.arfr.     Coldly,  S. 

CAULD-LIKE,  adj.  Having  the  appear- 
ance of  being  colil,  S. 

CAULDNESS,  s.  Coldness,  in  regard  to 
affection,  S.     Keith's  Hist. 

CAULDRIFENESS,  Coldrifeness,  s.  1. 
Susceptibility  of  cold;  chilness,S.  2.  Cool- 
ness, want  of  ardour,  S.  Baillie. 

A  proverbial  phrase  for  an  ill-stored  lar- 
der; as,  "  He  needna  be  sae  nice,  atweel; 
for  gif  a'  tales  be  true,  he  's  [he  has]  but 
cauld  roast  and  little  sodden  [i.  e.  boiled] 
at  hame,"  Roxb. 

CAULD  SEED,  Cold-seed.  Late  peas  ; 
opposed  to  Hot  seed,  early  peas.  Ar/r. 
Surv.  Roxb. 

CAULD  SHOUTHER.  To  show  the  caidd 
shouthcr,  to  appear  cold  and  reserved, 
South  of  S.     Antiquary. 

CAULD  STEER.  Sour  milk  and  meal 
stirred  together  iu  a  cold  state,  S.B. 
This  phrase  in  Roxb.  is  applied  to  cold 
water  and  meal  mixed  together. 

CAULD  STRA1K.  A  cant  term  for  a 
dram  of  unmixed,  or  what  is  called  raw, 
spirituous  liquor,  Roxb. 

CAULD-WIN',  s.  Little  encouragement; 
q.  a  cold  wind  blowing  on  one,  Clydes. 

CAULD  WINTER.  The  designation  given 
in  Perths.  and,  perhaps,  in  other  counties, 
to  the  last  load  of  corn  brought  in  from 
the  field  to  the  barn-yard. 

CAULER,  adj.    Cool.     V.  Callour. 

CAULKER,  s.  The  hinder  part  of  a  horse- 
shoe sharpened,  &c.     V.  Cawker. 

CAULMES.   V.Calmes. 

To  CAUM  v.  a.  To  whiten  with  Camstone, 
or  pipe-clay,  S.    V.  Camstone. 




CAUPE,  Caupis,  Caulpes,  Calpeis, s.    Ah 

exaction  made  by  a  superior,  especially 
by  the  Head  of  a  clan  on  his  tenants  and 
other  dependants,  for  maintenance  and 
protection,  under  the  name  of  a  benevo- 
lence. This  was  generally  the  best  horse, 
ox,  or  cow  the  retainer  had  in  his  pos- 
session. Acts  Ja.  IV. — Isl.  kaup  de- 
notes a  gift  ;  Su.G.  koep-a,  dare. 

CAUPONA,  Expl.  "  a  sailor's  cheer  in 
heaving  the  anchor."  Complaynt  S. — 
Fr.  a  an  coup,  at  once,  all  together. 

CAURE,  s.  Calves ;  the  pi.  of  can/,  a  calf. 
It  is  commonly  used  in  the  West  of  S. 
Pop.  Ball.  I  am  assured  that  the  word 
is  the  same  in  Norway. — A.S.  cael/ru,  id. 

CAUSEY,  Causay,  s.  A  street,  S..  Dou- 
glas.— Teut.  kautsije,  id.  1.  To  Keep  the 
Causey,  or,  tie  Crown  of  the  Causey,  to 
appear  openly;  to  appear  with  credit  and 
respectability ;  q.  to  be  under  no  neces- 
sity of  skulking,  or  taking  obscure  allevs, 
S.  "Rutherford.  2.  To  Takthe  Crown  of 'the 
Causey,  to  appear  with  pride  and  self- 
assurance.     Baillie. 

CAUSEYER,  s.  One  who  makes  a  cause- 
way, S. 

CAUSEY-CLOTHES,  s.  pi.  Dress  in  which 
one  may  appear  in  public,  S.     Baillie. 

CAUSEY-FACED,  adj.  One  who  may  ap- 
pear in  public  without  blushing,  or  has 
no  reason  for  shame  before  others,  S.B. 

CAUSEY-TALES,  s.  pi.  Common  news ; 
q.  street  news,  S. 

CAUSEY-WEBS.  A  person  is  said  to 
make  causey-webs,  who  neglects  his  or 
her  work,  and  is  too  much  on  the  street, 

CAUTELE,s.  Wile,  stratagem.  Acts  Ja. 
VI. — Fr.  cautelle,  "  a  wile,  sleight,  crafty 
reach,  cousenage,"  &c.     Cotgr. 

CAUTION,  s.  Security,  S.  "Caution  is 
either  simple  and  pure,  for  payment  of 
sums  of  money,  or  performance  of  facts ; 
or  conditional,  depending  on  certain 
events."  Spottiswoode's  MS.  vo.  Cautlo. 
This  term  has  been  borrowed  from  cautlo, 
id.,  in  the  Roman  Law. 

To  Find  Caution,  to  bring  forward  a  suffi- 
cient surety,  S.  ibid. 

To  Set  Caution,  to  give  security ;  synon. 
with  the  preceding  phrase.    Spalding. 

CAUTIONER,  s.  A  surety  ;  a  sponsor,  S. 
a  forensic  term.     ActsJa.  V. 

CAUTIONRY,?.  Suretiship,S.  ActsCha.I. 

To  CAW,  r.  a.  To  drive,  to  impel  in  any 
direction  ;  to  strike,  with  the  prep,  at;  to 
search  by  traversing  ;  as,  "  I'll  caw  the 
haill  town  for't,  or  I  want  it."  V.  Call. 

To  Caw  Clashes.  To  spread  malicious  or 
injurious  reports,  Aberd. ;  q.  to  carry  them 
about  from  one  place  to  another,  like  one 
who  hawks  goods. 

To  Caw  a  Nail.     To  drive  a  nail,  S. 

To  Caw  a  Nail  to  the  Head.  To  drive 
anything  to  an  extremity,  S.     Ross. 

To  Caw  on.  To  fix  or  fasten;  as,  "  To  caw 
on  a  shoe,"  to  fix  a  shoe  on  the  foot  of  a 

To  Caw  out.  To  drive  out.  1.  To  Caw  the 
Cows  out  o'  a  Kail-yard,  S.  "  He  has 
nae  the  sense  to  ca'  the  coxes  out  o'  a  kail- 
yard," an  old  proverb  signifying  that  de- 
gree of  incapacity  which  unfits  a  man  for 
the  easiest  offices  of  life."  Gl.  Antiquary, 
iii.  359.  2.  "  No  worth  the  cawing  out  o' 
a  kail-yard,"  a  phrase  very  commonly 
used  to  denote  any  thing  that  is  of  no  va- 
lue, that  is  unworthy  of  any  concern,  or 
of  the  slightest  exertion  in  its  behalf,  S. 
3.  "  /  madna  caw  him  out  o'  my  kale- 
yard," a  proverbial  phrase  contemptuously 
spoken  of  a  very  insignificant  person,  of 
one  of  whom  no  account  is  made;  in  allu- 
sion, as  would  seem,  to  the  driving  of  any 
destructive  animal  out  of  akitchen-garden. 

To  Caw  Sheep.  To  stagger  in  walking  ;  a 
vulgar  phrase  used  of  one  who  is  drunk- 
en, and  borrowed  from  the  necessity  of 
following  a  flock  of  sheep  from  side  to 
side,  when  they  are  driven  on  a  road, 

To  Caw  one's  Wa'  or  Way.  "  Caw  your  wa\" 
is  a  vulgar  phrase  signifying  "  move  on," 
q.  drive  away  ;  like  Gang  your  waas,  for 
"  go  away,"  S.    Boss. 

To  Caw  one's  Hogs  to  the  Hill.  To  snore. 
Of  one  who,  by  his  snoring,  indicates  that 
he  is  fast  asleep,  it  is  said,  "  He's  cawin 
his  hogs  to  the  hill,"  Aberd. 

To  CAW  AGAIN,  r.  a.  To  contradict, 
Aberd.  Perhaps  a  kind  of  secondary 
sense  of  Agaix-call,  r.  to  revoke. 

CAWAR  SKYNNIS.  "  Lamskynnis  and 
cawarskynnis."  Aberd.  Beg.  Apparently 
calf  skins. — Su.G.  kalfwar,  calves. 

CAWAW'D,  part.  pa.  Fatigued,  wearied 
of  any  thing  to  disgust,  Loth. — Perhaps 
an  allusion  to  the  fatigue  of  cattle,  when 
driven  far,  from  Caw,  to  drive,  and  Awa;" 
q.  driven  away. 

CAWF,s.     A  calf,  S.    Aberd.  Beg. 

CA  WF-COUNTRY,  Cawf-grund.'  V.  Calf- 

CAWILL,  s.      A  lot.     Y.   Cavi-l,  and   to 


CAWYNG,*.  The  act  of  driving,  S.  Aberd. 

CAWK,  s.  Chalk,  S.  Caulk,  A.Bor.  Wal- 
lace.— A.S.  cealc:  Alem.  calc;  Dan.  Belg. 
kalck ;  Isl.  kalk ;  C.B.  calch;  Lat.  calx,  id. 

CAWKER,  s.  1.  The  hinder  part  of  a 
horse's  shoe  sharpened,  and  pointed 
downwards,  to  prevent  the  horse  from 
sliding  on  the  ice,  S.  2.  Metaph.  used  to 
to  denote  mental  acrimony.  Guy  Man- 
ner ing.  3.  Metaph.  a  dram ;  a  glass  of 
ardent  spirits,  S. — Isl.  keikr,  recurvus, 
keik-a,  recurvi ;  as  referring  to  the  form 
of  the  caulker. 

CAWLIE, .«.  A  contemptuous  name  for  a 
man,  S.  ;  pron.  like  E.  cowl.   Clettand, 


To  CAWMER,  r .  a.  To  quiet,  to  calm,  Upp. 

Clydes. ;  synon.  with  Chammer,  q.  v. 
CAWMYS,  s.     A  mould.  Acts  Ja.  V.    V. 

CAZARD,  s.     Apparently,  an  emperor,  or 
Csesar  ;  as  the  latter  is  sometimes  writ- 
ten Caser.     Chron.  S.  Poet. 
CAZZIE,  s.    A  sort  of  sack  or  net  made  of 
straw,  S.B. — Sw.  cassa,  a  fish  net.     V. 
CAZZIE-CHAIR,  a  sort  of  easy  chair  of 
straw,  plaited  in  the  manner  in  which 
bee-hives  or  skeps  are  made,  Fife. 
CEA,  s.    "  A  small  tub."    Gl.  Sure.  Nairn 
and  Morai/.    Pron.  like  E.  Sea.    Thus  it 
is  evidently  the  same  with  Say,  Saye,  q.  v. 
CEAN  KINNE,  a  Gaelic  designation,  used 
to  denote  the  chief  of  a  clan,  Highlands  of 
S.  C  pron.  hard,  as  k.   Warerley.     Gael. 
ceann,  head,  cine,  a  race,  tribe,  family;  the 
same  with  A.S.  cinn,  genus;  Isl.  ten,  id. 
CEDENT,  s.     The  person  who  executes  a 
deed  of  resignation  ;    a  forensic   term  ; 
Lat.  ced-ere.  Acts  J  a.  VI. — "  Cedent  is  he 
who  grants  an  assignation  ;  and  he  who 
receives  it  is  termed  Cessioner  or  Assigny." 
Spottiswoode's  MS.  Law  Diet. 
To  CEIRS,  Sers,  v.  a.    To  search.    Dou- 
glas.— Fr.  cherch-er;  Ital.  cere-are,  id. 
CELATIOUNE,s.  Concealment.  Acts  Mary. 
CELDR,  Celdre,  s.     A  chalder,  or  sixteen 
bolls  of  Scots  measure. — L.B.  celdra  is 
used  in  the  same  sense. 
To  CELE,  v.  a.    To  conceal,  to  keep  secret. 
Balfour's  Prac. — Fr.  cel-er;  Lat.  eel-are. 
CELICALL,«<(/.  Heavenly; celestial.  Pony. 
CELT,  s.     1 .  The  longitudinal  and  grooved 
instrument  of  mixed  metal  often  found  in 
S.     The  Pirate.     2.  Stone  Celt,  the  name 
given  to  a  stone  hatchet,  S. 
CENCRASTUS,  s.      A  serpent  of  a  green- 
ish colour,  having  its  speckled  belly  co- 
vered with  spots  resembling  millet-seeds. 
Watson's  Coll. — Fr.  cenchrite,  Lat.  cen- 
chrus,  id. 
CENSEMENT,s.  Judgment.  V. Sexsemext. 
CERCIOUR,  s.    A  searcher.    "  Cerciouris, 

vesiaris,"  &c.     Aberd.  Reg. 
To  CERSS,  t.  a.    To  search.'    Acts  Ja.  IV. 

— Fr.  cherch-er. 
CERT.  For  cert,  with  a  certainty ;  beyond  a 
doubt,  Fife. — Fr.  a  la  certe,  id.    V.  Certy. 
CERT AI NT,  adj.   Corr.  from  E.  certain,  the 
mode  of  pronunciation  in  the  northern 
counties  of  S.     Spalding. 
CERTY,  Certie,  s.      By  my  certy,  a  kind 
of  oath  equivalent  to  troth,  S.   Saxon  and 
Gael. — It  is  probable  that  Fr.  certe  had 
been  anciently  pronounced  certe. 
CERTION  AT, part.  pa.  Certified.  A  forensic 
term. — L.B.  certion-are,  securum  reddere. 
CESSIONAR,  Cessioxare,  .«.      The  person 
to  whom  an  assignment  of  property  is  le- 
gally made ;  syn.  with  Assignay.  Balfour. 
CEST,  Cessit,  pret.     Seized.     Wallace. 
CH.  Words  of  Goth,  origin,  whether  S.  or 

120  CHA 

E.,  beginning  with  cli,  sounded  hard,  are 
to  be  traced  to  those  in  the  Germ,  or 
Northern  languages  that  have  k,  and  in 
A.S.  c,  which  has  the  same  power  with  k. 
CHACH AND,  part.  pr.  Chachand  the  gait, 
pursuing  his  course.  P.  Voilyear. — O.Fr. 
chach-ier,  to  chase  ;  to  pursue. 
To  CHACK,  v.  n.     To  clack,  to  make  a 

clinking  noise,  S.     Cleland. 
To  CHACK,  r.  a.     1.  To  cut  or  bruise  any 
part  of  the  body  by  a  sudden  stroke  ;  as 
when  the  sash  of  a  window  falls  on  the 
fingers,   S.      2.    To  job  ;    synon.   Prob, 
Stob,  Dumfr.     3.  To  give  pain  in  a  moral 
sense,  S.      4.  To  lay  hold  of  any  thing 
quickly,  so  as  to  give  it  a  gash  with  the 
teeth,  "Ettr.  For.— E.  check;  Teut.  kack- 
en,  kek-en,  increpare ;  synon.  S.B.  Chat,q.  v. 
CHACK,  Chatt,  s.     A  slight  repast,  taken 
hastily,  S.     Gait. — Q.  a  check  for  hunger. 
Familv-Chack,  .«.    A  family  dinner,  exclud- 
ing the  idea  of  ceremonious  preparation,  S. 
Rob  Roy. — It  is  also  pronounced  check. 
CHACK,    Check,  s.      The    Wheat-ear,  a 
bird,  Orkn.      Motacilla  oenanthe,  Linn. 
Barry. — Nearly  the  same  with  the  last 
part  of  its  Germ,  name,  stein  schwakcr. 
V.  Staxe-Chacker. 
To  CHACK,  d.  n.  To  check,  S.  Hence, 
CHACK-REEL,  Check-reel,  s.    The  com- 
mon reel  for  winding  yarn.      It  is  thus 
denominated,  because  it  is   constructed 
with  &  check;  or  perhaps  from  its  clack- 
ing noise,  when  the  quantity  of  yarn  le- 
gally required  for  a  cut  has  been  wound 
on  it,  S. 
CHACK  (in  a  road),  s.     A  rut,  the  track 

of  a  wheel,  Loth.     Hence, 
CHACKIE,  adj.    1.  Unequal;  as,  a  chackie 
road,  a  road  that  is  full  of  ruts,  or  has 
many  inequalities  in  it,  Loth.    2.  Applied 
to  ground  that  has  much  gravel  in  it, 
South  of  S. 
CHACK- A-PUDDING,  s.    A  selfish  fellow, 
who,  either  in  eating,  or  in  whatsoever 
other  way,  lays  hold  of  any  thing  that  is 
good,  Ettr.  For. — Perhaps  a  corr.  of  E. 
CIIACIvARALLY,  s.      Apparently  some 
kind  of  checkered  or   variegated   cloth. 
Watson's  Coll. 
CHACKART,     Chackie,  s.      The    stone- 
chatter,  a  bird,  Buchan.    Tarras's  Poems. 
V.     Staxe-chaker. 
CHACKE-BLYND-MAN,  s.     Blindman's- 
buff.    Bp.  Forbes.    Jockie-blind-mau,  An- 
gus, id. 
CHACKIE-MILL,  s.      The    death-watch, 

Ang.     V.  Dedechack. 
CHACKIT,^rt}-(\a<f/.    Chequered,  S.    Tar- 

ras.- — Fr.  escheque. 
CHACKLOWR1E,  s.      Mashed    cabbage, 

mixed  with  barley-broth,  Aberd. 
CHAD,  s.    Gravel,  such  small  stones  as  form 
the  bed  of  a  river,  S.B. — Teut.  hade,  litus, 
ora.  - 





CHADDY,    adj.      Gravelly  ;   as,  chaddy 
ground,   that   which    chiefly  consists  of 
gravel,  S. 
To  CHA'FAUSE,  v.  n.    "To  suffer  ;"  GI. 

Ross,  Ang. 
To  CHAFF,  v.  n.     To  chatter,  to  be  loqua- 
cious, Loth.— Teut.  kef-en,  gannire,  la- 
trare,  q.  to  bark. 
CHAFFER,  s.      The  round-lipped  whale, 
Shetl.     "  Delphinus  Orca,  (Liun.  Syst.,) 
Chaffer-whale,  Grampus."     Edmonstone's 
Zetl.,  ii.  300. 
To  CHAFFLE,  r.  n.    To  chaffer  or  higgle  « 

Saint  Patrick. 
CHAFFRIE,  s.  Refuse,  Lanarks.— This 
seems  formed  from  E.  chaffer,  merchan- 
dize ;  from  A.S.  ceap-an,  Alem.  chauph- 
en,  Moes.G.  kaup-jan,  to  purchase  ;  used 
in  an  oblique  sense  for  trifling  wares. 
CHAFRON,  s.     Armour  for  the  head  of  a 

war-horse.     V.  Cheveron. 
CHAFTIS,  Chafts,  s.  pi.  Chops,  S.  A.Bor. 
chafts.  Peblis  to  the  Play.— Su.G.  kiaeft, 
kaeft;  Isl.  kiaft-ur,  the  jaw-bone.   A.Bor. 
chafts,  clefts,  id.     Hence  also  E.  chops. 
CHAFT-BLADE,  s.  The  jaw-bone,  S. 
CHAFT-TALK,    s.        Talking,    prattling, 
Aberd. ;    from   chaft,   and  talk.     Poems 
Buchan  Dial. 
CHAFT-TOOTH,  s.    A  jaw-tooth,  S. 
CHAIP,  s.     Purchase  ;  bargain  ;  E.  cheap. 

Aberd.  Req. 
To  CHAIPE,  t.  n.    To  escape.     Wallace. 
To  chape  or  chaip  still  signifies  to  escape. 
Upp.  Clydes. — Fr.  eschapp-er,  Ital.  scapp- 
are,  id. 
CHAIPES,  Chapis,     Price,  rate,  es- 
tablished value  of  goods.      Acts  Ja.  I. 
— A.S.  crap,  price  ;  from  ceap-an,  to  buy. 
To  CHAISTIFIE,  v.  a.  To  chastise.    Bel- 

To  CHAK,r.  «.     To  check.     Wallace. 
CHAK,s.  The  act  of  checking,  stop.  V.Char. 
To  CHAK,  t.  n.     1.  To  gnash,  to  snatch  at 
an  object  with  the  chops,  as  a  dog  does, 
S.     Douglas.     2.  It  expresses  the  sharp 
sound  made   by  any  iron  substance,  as 
the  latch,  or  sneck,  of  a  door,  when  en- 
tering into  its  socket ;  to  click,  S.     3. 
To  chak  to,  to  shut  with  a  sharp  sound. 
CHAKER,  s.    A  chess-board.    Aberd.  Req. 
CHAKIL,  s.    The  wrist.      Watson's  Coll. 

V.  Shackle-Bane. 
CHAKKIR,  s.     The    Exchequer.     Aberd. 

Req.     V.  Cheker. 
CHALANCE,   Challance,  .«.     Challenge  ; 
exception;  used  in  a  forensic  sense.    Act. 
CHALANDRTE,  s.  Probably,  imitations  of 
singing  birds.      Burel. — Fr.  calandre,  a 
species  of  lark. 
CHALDRICK,    Chalder,  s.      The  name 
given  in  the  Orkney  Islands  to  the  Sea- 
pie,  Hoemat opus  ostralegus,  Linn.  Statist. 
Ace. — Isl.  tialldur,  id.  Pennant's  Zool. 

CHALFER,.*.  Apparently,achaffern.  Inven- 
tories.— Fr.  eschauff-er,  to  chafe  ;  to  heat. 

CHALLENGE,  s.  Removal  by  death;  sum- 
mons to  the  other  world ;  as,  "  He  has 
gotten  a  hasty  challenge,"  i.  e.,  a  sudden 

CHALLENGEABLE,  adj.     Liable  to  be 

called  in  question.     Acts  Clia.  I. 
CHALMER,  s.  Chamber.     Douglas. 
CHALMER  OF  DEIS,  Chamber  of  dais. 
1.  A   parlour.      2.  The   best   bed-room. 
Properly  a  chamber  or  hall  having  a  part 
of  it  elevated  above  the  rest,  and  covered 
with  a  canopy  or  dais.  V.  Chambradeese. 
CHALMER-CHIELD,  s.     A  valet  of  the 
chamber. — "  The   treasurer  paid   David 
Rizzio,  in  April,  1562,  £15,  as  chalmer- 
chield,  or  valet  of  the  chalmer."     Chal- 
mers'' Mary.    V.  Chiel,  Chield. 
CHALMER-GLEW,  s.    "  Chambering,  se- 
cret wantonness,"     Gl.  Sibb.     V.  Glew. 
CHALMERLANE,s.    Chamberlain.    Acts 

CHALMERLANRIE,s.  The  office  of  a  cham- 
berlain; chamberlainship.    Acts  Ja.  VI. 
CHALMILLETT,  *.     The  stuff  called  cam- 
let, made  of  silk  and  wool.  Inventories. — 
In  O.E.  chamlet,  Fr.  camelot;   being  ori- 
ginally made  of  the  hair  of  the  camel. 
CHALOUS,  Sir  Gawan  and  Sir  Gal.  i.   11. 

V.  Cholle. 
CHAMBERERE,s.  A  chamberlain.  King's 

Quair. — Fr.  chambrier,  id.  Sw.  kamerer. 
CHAMBRADEESE,  s.     1.    A  parlour,  a 
name  still  used  by  some  old  people,  Fife. 
Properly,  Chamber  of  dais.  2.  Sometimes, 
the  best  bed-room. — Fr.  chambre  au  dais, 
a  chamber  with  a  canopy.  V.  Deis. 
CHAMLANRIE,  8.     The  office  of  cham- 
berlain.— From  O.Fr.  chamellan,  a  cham- 
berlain.    V.  Chalmerlane. 
CHAMLOTHE,  Chamlet,  s.    Camelot,  or 
camlet — From  Fr.  chameau,  a  camel;  this 
cloth  being  originally  made  of  camel's  hair. 
To  CHAMMER,  v.  a.  To  quash;  to  silence; 
to  settle;  as,  "  If  I  had  heard  him,  I  wad 
hae  chammer'd  his  talk  till  him,"  Roxb. 
— Teut.  kommer-en,  manus  injicere,  reti- 
nere ;  arrestare ;  kamer-en,  in  cella  con- 
dere,  q.  to  confine  ;  to  restrain. 
To  CHAMP,  v.  a.  To  chop,  to  mash,  to  chew, 
S.    Chomp,  Lancash.,  to  cut  things  small. 
Godscroft. — Germ.  Belg.  kapp-en,  id.    Or 
rather  from  Isl.  kamp-a,  masticare. 
CHAMP,  s.     A  mire ;  as,  "  That's  a  perfect 
chump,"  Tweedd. ;   q.  what   is   trodden 
down  or  mashed  by  the  feet  of  animals. 
CHAMP,  s.     The  figure  that  is  raised  on 
diaper,  silk,  &c. — Fr.  champ  is  applied  to 
work  of  the  same  kind ;  as,  champ  d'une 
tapisserie  ;  but  the  term,  according  to  its 
primary  sense,  denotes  the  area,  or  field, 
on  which  the  figures  in  tapestry  are  raised. 
CH  AMP  ARTE,  s.   Field-rent;  that  portion 
of  the  fruits  of  the  soil  paid  by  a  tenant 
to  his  lord. — Fr.  champar,  or  champart,  id. 




CHAMPIES, :?.  pi.  Mashed  potatoes,  Ber- 
wick s. 

CHAMPIT,  adj.  Having  raised  figures, 
embossed,  diapered.  Pal  ice  of  Honour. — 
Tent,  schamp-en,  radere,  scalpere. 

CHANCELLARIE,s.  Chancery.  ActsJa. 
VI. — Fr.  chancelerie,  id.  Johnson  con- 
jectures that  E.  chancery,  has  been,  "  pro- 
bably, chancellery,  then  shortened." 

CHANCELLOR  of  a  Jury.  The  foreman 
of  it,  S.     Heart  Mid-Loth . 

To  CHANCH,  ».  a.  To  change.  Acts  Ja.  V. 

CHANCY,  adj.  1.  Fortunate,  happy,  S. 
Douglas— Fr.  chanceaux,  id.  2.  Fore- 
boding good  fortune,  S.  Any  person  or 
thing  viewed  as  inauspicious,  is  said  to 
be  no  chancy,  S.  This  term  is  very  com- 
monly applied  to  one  who  is  supposed  to 
be  conversant  with  magical  arts.  3.  Safe 
in  a  literal  sense  ;  but  commonly  used 
with  the  negative  prefixed  ;  not  chancy, 
not  safe,  dangerous.    Ross. 

CHANDLER,  Chanler,s.  A  candlestick, 
S.  Ramsay. — Fr.  chandelier,  a  branch 
for  holding  candles,  used  obliquely.  Grose 
mentions  ehaundler. 

s.  pi.  Lantern-jaws  ;  thin  cheek-blades, 
S.     Skinner. 

CHANG,  s.  Apparently,  reiteration  of  one 
thing,  Aberd.  Chirmin'  chcmg.  Skinner. 
— This  word  seems  to  be  used  in  a  simi- 
lar sense  with  Chaunerin  ;  allied,  per- 
haps, to  Isl.  kiaenk,  avium  vox  ;  crocitus, 
q.  "  a  croaking  sound."     V.  Chirme. 

CHANGE,  s.  Custom;  as  denoting  the  prac- 
tice of  buying  from  certain  persons,  S. 
Train's  Mountain  Muse. 

CHANGE,  Change  -  House,  Change  - 
House,  s.  A  small  inn  or  alehouse,  S. 

CHANGE-KEEPER,  s.  One  who  keeps  an 
alehouse,  or  a  petty  inn,  Perths.  Lanarks. 

A  game  well  known  in  Loth,  and  in  the 
South  of  S. — In  this  game,  as  many  seats 
are  placed  round  a  room  as  will  serve  all 
the  company  save  one.  The  want  of  a 
seat  falls  on  the  individual  by  a  kind  of 
lot.  All  the  rest  being  seated,  he  who 
has  no  seat  stands  in  the  middle,  repeat- 
ing the  words,  "  Change  seats,  change 
seats,"  &c,  while  all  the  rest  are  on  the 
alert  to  observe  when  he  adds,  "  The 
King's  come,"  or  as  it  is  sometimes  ex- 
pressed, "The  King's  coming;"  as  they 
must  then  all  rise  and  change  their  seats. 
The  sport  lies  in  the  bustle  made  in  con- 
sequence of  every  one's  endeavouring  to 
avoid  the  misfortune  of  being  the  unhappy 
individual  who  is  left  without  a  seat.  Rob 
Roy.  This  game,  although  childish,  is 
evidently  meant  to  ridicule  the  political 
scramble  for  places  on  occasion  of  a 
change  of  government,  or  in  the  succession. 

CHANLER-CHAFTED,    adj.      Lantern- 

jawed  ;  having  chops  like  a  chandler  or 
candlestick,  S.B.     Journ.  Land. 

CHANNEL,  s.  A  gutter ;  a  kennel.  Bal- 
four's Pr  act. — Fr.  chenal;  Belg.  kennel; 
Lat.  canal-is,  id.  This  word  has  been 
probably  borrowed  from  the  French,  while 
residing  in  this  country,  during  the  reign 
of  Mary. 

CHANNEL,  s.  Gravel,  S.  (synon.  chad.) — 
Perhaps  from  channel,  the  bed  of  a  river. 
V.  Chingle. 

CHANNELLY,«r//.  Gravelly,  S.  Stat.  Ace. 

CHANNEL-STANE,  s.  The  name  given 
to  the  stone  used  in  the  diversion  of  curl- 
ing. Gall.- — Perhaps  thus  denominated, 
as  they  are  generally  such  as  are  taken 
from  the  bed  of  a  river. 

CHANNER,  s.  Gravel ;  often  Channers ; 
synon.  with  Channel,  Aberd. 

To  CHANNER,  v.  n.  To  fret,  to  be  in  a 
chiding  humour,  S.  Minstrelsy  Border. 
— Ir.  cannr-an,  to  mutter  or  grumble  ; 
Gael.  id.  cannran,  contention,  grumbling. 

CHANOS,  adj.  Gray ;  hoary.  Douglas. 
— Lat.  oanus.    V.  Canois. 

CHANRY-KIRK,Channery-Kirk,^.  Corr. 
of  Chanonry,  or  Canonry  kirk,  i.  e.,  Kirk 
of  the  Canons,  S.     Spalding. 

CHANTER,  s.  The  drone  of  a  bagpipe,  S. 
Lady  of  the  Lake. — Gael,  cantair,  chanter, 
(Shaw,)  apparently  a  singer;  primarily 
applied  to  the  person;  hence,  perhaps,  to 
the  drone. 

CHANTERIS,  s.  pi.  Laics  endowed  with 
ecclesiastical  benefices.    Bannat.  Poems. 

CHANTY,  Chantie,  s.  A  chamber-pot ; 
an  urinal ;  a  cant  term,  Roxb.  Ayrs.  Fife. 

CHANTICLEER,  s.  A  name  given  to  the 
Dragonet,  Firth  of  Forth.— "  Callionymus 
Lyra,  Dragonet;  Chanticleer,  or  Gowdie." 
NeilPs  List  of  Fishes.  This  name  is  also 
given  to  a  cock,  Scot,  and  Eng. 

CHANTIE-BEAK,  8.  A  prattling  child  ; 
a  chatter-box,  Roxb. — Apparently  from 
Fr.  chant-er,  to  warble,  (E.  chant,)  as  ex- 
pressive of  cheerfulness,  and  bee,  the  bill 
or  beak.    V.  Beik,  s. 

CHANTIN',  adj.  Loquacious,  and  at  the 
same  time  pert,  Roxb. 

CHAP,  s.  1.  A  fellow,  a  contemptuous  term ; 
sometimes  chappie,  or  "  little  chap,"  S. 
Burns.  2.  Like  chield,  it  is  also  applied 
to  a  female,  S.B.  Ross.— Su.G.  kaeps, 
keips,  kaebs,  homo  servilis  conditionis. 

To  CHAP,  v.  a.  1.  To  strike  with  a  ham- 
mer, or  any  instrument  of  similar  use,  S. 
— Teut.  kapp-en,  incidere  ;  Belg.  schopp- 
en,  to  strike,  Sewel.  2.  To  chop,  to  cut 
into  small  pieces,  S.  3.  To  bruise  ;  to 
beat;  to  break,  S.B. — Teut.  kapp-en, con- 
scindere  minutim. 

To  CHAP  hands,  to  strike  hands,  especially 
in  concluding  a  bargain,  S.     Ross. 

To  CHAP  aff,  to  strike  off.— Su.G.  kapp-a, 
to  amputate. 




To  CHAP,  r.  n.  1.  To  strike  ;  "  the  knock's 
chappin,"  the  clock  strikes,  S.  Guy 
Mannering.  2.  To  chap  at  a  door,  to 
knock,  to  rap,  S.    Sir  Egeir. 

CHAP,  Chaup,  Choppe,  s.  1.  A  stroke  of 
any  kind;  a  blow,  S.  Burns. — Tent,  kip, 
ictus;  Moes.G.  ka upat-jan,  colaphos  inge- 
rere.  Or  perhaps  Su.G.  kaepp,  baculus,  a 
stick.  2.  A  tap  or  rap,  S.  Minst.  Bord. 
Z.  Boyd  uses  choppe  in  the  same  sense. 

To  CHAP,  Chaup  out,  Chaups,  v.  a.  1. 
To  fix  upon  any  person  or  thing  by  se- 
lection, s.  Hence  the  phrase,  Chap  ye, 
chuse  ye.  Ramsay.  2.  Suddenly  to  em- 
brace a  proposal  made  in  order  to  a  bar- 
gain ;  to  hold  one  at  the  terms  men- 
tioned^.— Belg.kipp-en,to  choose;  which 
seems  only  a  secondary  sense  of  the  v.  in 
Teut.,  as  signifying  to  lay  hold  of. 

CHAP,  s.  The  act  of  choosing  ;  Chap  and 
choice,  great  variety,  S.B.     Ross. 

CHAP,?.     A  shop.     Many. 

To  CHAP  out,  r.  a.  To  call  out  by  a  tap 
on  a  pane  of  the  window,  S.     Black u: 

To  CHAP  yont,  r.  n.  To  get  out  of  the 
way,  Aberd.  Apparently  equivalent  to 
E.  chop  about,  as  applied  to  the  shifting 
of  the  wind.     Tarras's  Poems. 

CHAP  and  CHOICE,  great  variety,  S.  67. 

CHAPDUR,*.     Chapter.     Chart.  Aberd. 

CHAPIN,  Chappin,  s.  Chopin,  a  quart,  S. 

To  Tak  a  Chappin,  is  a  circumlocution 
commonly  used  to  express  an  attachment 
to  intoxicating  liquor,  S. 

CHAPIS,  s.  pi.  Established  prices  and 
rates.     V.  Chaites. 

CHAPYT.     V.  Chaipe. 

CHAPLING,  s.  The  term  used  when,  at 
an  election,  merchants  or  craftsmen  lose 
their  individual  votes,  and  go  with  the 
majority  of  their  guild  or  craft. — Su.G. 
kaeppl-a,  to  gag,  bacillo  os  obturare  ; 
from  kaepp,  baculus. 

CHAPMAN,  s.  A  pedler,  a  hawker,  S.,  a 
merchant,  O.E.  Statist.  Ace. — A.S.  ccap- 
man  ;  Sw.  kocpman,  a  merchant. 

CHAPPAN,  adj.  "  Tall  of  stature;  clever." 
Gl.  Picken.  Ayrs.  also  expl.  "  lusty," 
Ed.  1813.— This  must  be  merely  a  Scot- 
tish modification  of  the  E.  word  chopping, 
used  in  the  first  sense. 

CHAPPED  BY,  pret.  Apparently  got  out 
of  the  way.     Pitscottie.     V.  Chap  yont. 

CHAPPER,  g.  An  instrument  for  bruising 
potatoes,  &c,  Aberd. 

CHAPPIE, ,--.     A  little  fellow,  S.     Gait. 

CHAPPING-STICKS,  s.  Any  instrument 
which  one  uses  for  strikina;  with,  S. 

CHAPTERLY,  adv.  A  presbytery  is  said 
to  be  chapterly  met,  or  convened,  when 
all  the  members  are  present ;  formerly 
written  Chaptourly.— -The  term  has  been 
transmitted  from   the  times  of  popery ; 

from  chapter,  chaptour,  "  an  assembly  of 
the  clergy  of  a  cathedral  or  collegiate 

CHAR,  s.  Carriages.  Barbour. — Fr.  char, 
a  wagon,  a  car. 

CHAR,  s.  A  certain  quantity  of  lead.  Balf. 
Pract.  —  It  seems  properly  to  signify  a 
car£-load-full.     V.  Char,  s.  Carriages. 

To  CHAR,  v.  a,  1.  To  stop.  Dour/las.  2.  To 
char  by,  to  turn  aside.  Douglas. — A.S. 
cerr-an,  to  turn,  to  turn  from,  divertere. 

CHAR.  On  char,  to  a  side.  Douglas. — A.S. 
cerre,  turning,  bending,  winding. 

To  CHAR.  Char  doute.  Perhaps,  "  mur- 
mur, distrust."  Barbour. — A.S.  cear-ian, 
to  complain,  to  murmur. 

CHARBUKILL,  s.  1.  A  carbuncle.  Dou- 
glas. 2.  An  ulcer.  Pohcart. — Fr.  escar- 
boucle,  carboucle,  the  pestilent  botch  or 
sore,  termed  a  carbuncle. 

CHARD,  pret.     V.  Chier. 

CH  AR'D.     Expl.  "  leaning  place." 

CHARE,s.  A  chariot.  Douglas. — Fr.c/;a;-,id. 

CHARE,  s.  Care,  charge.  Ross. —  Like  E. 
charie,  from  A.S.  car,  cura,  or  cearig,  so- 

CHARGES,  s.  pi.  Rents.  Bulk  of  Discip- 
line.— Fr.  charge,  pension,  rente. 

To  CHARK,  r.  n.  1.  To  make  a  grating 
noise,  as  the  teeth  do  when  grinding  any 
gritty  substance  accidentally  mingled  with 
one's  food,  Dumfr.  Chirk,  q.  v.  synon. 
2.  To  be  habitually  complaining ;  to  be 
constantly  in  a  querulous  humour,  ibid. 

CHARKAR,  s.     Meaning  doubtful. 

CHARKER,  s.  A  cricket,  Dumfr.— Pro- 
bably from  A.S.  cearc-ian,  stridere,  "  to 
creake,  to  make  a  noise ;  to  charke,  or 
chirke,"  Somner. 

CHARLEWAN,  Charlewayne,  s.  The 
constellation  Ursa  Major,  also  called  the 
Plough,  S.  Douglas. — A.S.  carleasicagn; 
Su.G.  karhcaqn ;  Dan.  karlvoqn. 

CHARNAILL'  BANDIS,  s.  pi.  Strong 
hinges  used  for  massy  doors  or  gates,  ri- 
veted, and  often  having  a  plate,  on  each 
side  of  the  gate,  S. ;  centre-hinges,  E.  Wal- 
lace.— Fr.  charniere,  a  hinge,  a  turning- 

CHARNALE,  s.  Perhaps  corr.  from  Fr. 
charniere,  a  hinge,  or  turning-joint.  In- 
ventories.   V.  Charnaill  Bandis. 

CHARRIS.     V.  Char,  r. 

CHARTER-HOUSS,  s.  The  name  given 
to  the  monastery  of  the  Carthusians. — Fr. 
chart reux.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 


CHARVE,  adj.     Great,  Orkn. 

CHAS,  s.    The  game  of  chess.    Inventories. 

CHASBOL,  Ciiesbol,  Chesbowe,  s.  Poppy. 
Complaynt  S.     Douglas. 

CHASE,  s.  Brack  a  chase,  perhaps,  begun 
a  pursuit.     Knox. 

CHASER,  .9.  A  ram  that  has  only  one  tes- 
ticle, Selkirks.     Hogg. 

CHASS,  *\     Case,  condition.     Wallact 


1  no 



To  CHASTY,  c.  a,  To  chastise,  to  correct. 
Barbour. — Fr.  chastl-cr,  id. 

To  CHASTIFY,  r.  a.  To  make  chaste.— 
Perhaps  meant  as  strictly  signifying  emas- 
culare,  like  Fr.  chastr-er.  However,  L.B. 
castificare  se,  signifies,  se  castum  exhibere, 
servare,  Da  Cange. 

To  CHASTIZE,  v.  a,  To  abridge.— Evi- 
dently a  metaph.  use  of  the  E.  r. 

CHASUBYL,  s.    The  same  with  Chesybil. 

To  CHAT,  v.  a.  1.  To  bruise  slightly.  2.  To 
chafe,  Sv;  synon.  chack. 

CHAT  THE,  "Hang  thyself;"  Rudd. 
Douglas. — According  to  Sherrif's,  Chat  is 
"  sometimes  a  cant  name  for  the  gallows," 
Gl.  Abcrd. 

CIIATON,  Chatto.x,  s.  "  The  beazill,  collet, 
head,  or  broadest  part  of  a  ring,  &c, 
wherein  the  stone  is  set,"  Cotgr.,  Fr. 

To  CHATTER,  v.  a.  To  divide  a  thing  by 
causing  many  fractures ;  to  break  suddenly 
into  small  pieces,  Aberd.;  to  Shatter,  E. 

CHATTY-PUSS,  s.  A  term  used  in  calling 
to  a  cat,  Roxb.  Evidently  of  the  same 
origin  with  Cheet,  q.  v. 

To  CHATTLE,  v.  n.  To  eat  as  a  lamb,  or 
a  young  child  ;  to  nibble  ;  to  chew  feebly, 
Ettr.  For. — This  may  be  a  diniin.  from  A.S. 
ceoic-an,  or  Teut.  kauw-en,  kouw-en,  id., 

CHAUDMALLET,  s.  A  blow  ;  a  beating, 
Aberd.  Evidently  a  relique  of  Chaud- 
melli,  q.  v. 

CHAUDMELLE',  .*.  A  sudden  broil  or 
quarrel.  Skene. — Fr.  Chaude,  hot,  and 
meslee,  melee,  broil. 

CIIAUD-PEECE,  s.  Gonorrhoea.  Polwart. 
■ — Fr.  chaude-pisse,  id. 

CHAVELING,  Shayelin,  s.  A  tool,  espe- 
cially employed  by  cartwrights  and  coach- 
makers,  for  smoothing  hollow  or  circular 
wood,  S.  Synon.  with  Spokeshave.  Aberd. 
Reg. — A.S.  scafa,  a  shaving  instrument ; 
Teut.  scheme,  dolabra,  planula,  from  schau- 
en,  to  smooth  with  a  plane. 

CH  AUFFR  A  Y,  s.  Merchandise.— Chafare, 
id.,  Chaucer;  from  A.S.  ceapian,  to  buy  ; 
also  to  sell.  R.  Cv'dyear. 

CHAUKS,  s.  A  sluice,  Roxb.;  syn.  Fleics. 
Perhaps  q.  what  chacks,  i.  e.,  checks  or 
restrains  the  water,  when  apt  to  overflow. 

To  CHAUM,  r.  n.  To  chew  voraciously ; 
to  eat  up,  Ettr.  For. — Isl.  klammi,  max- 
illa, kiams-a,  buccas  volutare,  kiarnt,  mo- 
tio  maxillarum. 

CHAUVE,  adj.  1.  A  term  denoting  that 
"  colour  in  black  cattle  when  white  hair 
is  pretty  equally  mixed  with  black  hair." 
Surv.  Nairn  and  Moray.  2.  Also  ap- 
plied to  "a  swarthy  person"  when  "pale," 
ibid. — It  is,  undoubtedly,  the  same  with 
Haw,  Haare,  q.  v.;  for  Chance  is  always 
pron.  as  if  written  with  the  Gr.  x- 

To  CHAW,  r.  a.  1.  To  chew,  S.,  as  in  E. 
2.  To  fret  or  cut  by  attrition,  Aberd. 

To  CHAW,  r.  a.  1.  To  fret,  to  gnaw.  Dou- 

glas. _  2.  To  provoke,  to  vex,  S.— O.Fr. 
chaloir,  to  put  in  pain;  Fr.  choiie,  "  disap- 
pointed, frustrated,"  Cotgr. 

CHEAP  O'T.  A  Scottish  idiom  commonly 
applied  to  one  who  superabundantly  de- 
serves any  affront  or  misfortune  he  has 
met  with  ;  q.  cheap  of  it. 

CHEARY,  Cheerie,  adj.  Cheerful,  S.  Pic- 

CHEATRIE,  Cheatry,  s.  1.  Deceit*  fraud, 
S.  Fountainhall.  2.  The  act  of  cheating; 
fraud;  deceit  in  mercantile  dealings,  play, 
or  otherwise,  S. 

CHEATRIE,  Cheatry,  adj.  1.  Fraudful ; 
deceitful;  "  a  cheat rie  body,"  one  addicted 
to  cheating,  S.  2.  Applied  to  the  means 
used  for  deception,  S.;  as  in  the  old  adage, 
"  Cheatrie  game  'ill  aye  kythe,"  i.  e.,  false 
play  will  show  itself  sooner  or  later. — 
A.S.  ceatt,  circumventio;  Su.G.  kyt-a,mu- 
tare,  permutare,  Hire ;  dolose  imponere, 
Seren.  Cheatrie  may,  indeed,  be  viewed 
as  compounded  of  A.S.  ceatt,  circumven- 
tio, and  rie,  dives;  q.  "  rich  in  deceit." 

CHEAT-THE-WUDDIE,  adj.  Defrauding 
the  gallows  of  its  rightful  prey,  S.,  s. 
One  who  defrauds  the  gallows.    Rob  Roy. 

Y.  WlDDIE. 

CHEATS,  Chits,  s.  The  sweet-bread.  Chits 
and  nears,  a  common  dish  in  S.,  i.  e., 
kidneys  and  sweet-breads.   Watson's  Coll. 

CHECK,  s.  A  bird.     V.  Chack. 

CHECKSPAIL,  s.  A  box  on  the  ear;  a 
blow  on  the  cheek  or  chops ;  q.  cheek- 
play. — From  Teut.  spel,  also  spiel,  ludus. 
Cheekspool,  Fife. 

CHEDHER,  s.  Chedher  Male,  an  unintel- 
ligible phrase.  Chart.  Sancti  Andr.  V. 

CHEECKIE,  Cheekie,  Checkie,  adj.  Full 
of  cunning,  Aberd.  Tarras. — Teut.  kecke, 
fallacia,  dolus. 

To  CHEEK,  r.  a.  "  To  natter,"  Gl,  Shir- 
refs,  Aberd. — Teut.  kaeck-en  signifies  to 
pilfer,  suppilare,  manticulari ;  or  from 
the  same  origin  with  Cheeckie. 

CHEEK  of  the  Fire.  The  side  of  the  Sre, 
Roxb.     Im/lc-cheek,  synon. 

CHEEK-BLADE,  s.  The  cheek-bone,  S. 
CI  eland. 

CHEEK-FOR-CHOW.  Cheek  by  jole,  S. 
V.  Chol. 

To  CHEEM,  v.  a.  To  knock  one  down,  Orkn. 
— Perhaps  it  originally  denoted  a  stroke 
on  the  chops,  from  Isl.  kiammi,  maxilla. 

CHEERER,  s.  A  glass  of  spirits  mixed  with 
warm  water  and  sugar ;  a  tumbler  of  toddy, 
South  of  S.,  Ayrs.     Guy  Mannerim/. 

CHEESE-HAKE,  ».  A  frame  for  drying 
cheeses  when  newly  made,  S.     V.  Hake. 

CHEESE-RACK,  s.  The  same  with  Cheese- 
hake,  S.    Ferguson. 

CHEET,  interj.'  The  call  directed  to  a  cat, 
when  one  wishes  her  to  approach,  S.  It 
is  generally  doubled  ;  as,  Cheet!  cheet! — 
There  seems  to  be  little  reason  to  doubt 




that  this  is  from  Fr.  chat,  the  name  given 
to  this  animal. 

CHEFFROUN,  s.  A  piece  of  ornamental 
head-dress  for  ladies.     V.  Schaffroun. 

CHEIF-SCHIMMEIS,*.  A  principal  dwell- 
ing-place, or  manor-house.  Acts  Ja.  VI. 
V.  Chemys. 

CHEIFTYME,  s.  Reign ;  q.  the  time  of 
one's  being  chief,  or  sovereign.    Coilyear. 

To  CH£IM,  v.  a.'  To  divide  equally  ;  espe- 
cially in  cutting  down  the  backbone  of  an 
animal,  S.B. — Apparently  corr.  from  the 
E.  v.  chine,  used  in  the  same  sense,  from 
chine,  the  backbone.     Fr.  eschin-er,  id. 

To  CHEIP,  Chepe,  r.  n.  1.  To  peep,  to 
chirp,  as  young  birds  in  the  nest,  S.  Com- 
playnt  S.  Cheepe,O.E.  2.  To  squeak  with  a 
shrill  and  feeble  voice,  S.  Godscroft.  3.  To 
mutter  ;  applied  metaph.  to  man,  S.  Ban- 
natyne  Poems.  4.  To  creak,  S. — Isl.  heyp-a, 
vagire  modo  puerorum;  keipar,  puerorum 

CHEIP,  Cheep,  s.  A  whisper;  the  slightest 
hint  or  innuendo,  S.  It  admits  of  the  same 
various  significations  as  the  r.  It  is  also 
used,  in  a  general  sense,  to  denote  noise 
of  any  kind.  "  I  did  not  hear  a  chi  ip" 
i.  e.,  there  was  not  the  least  noise,  S. 

CHEIPER,  s.  The  cricket,  an  insect ;  de- 
nominated from  the  noise  it  makes,  Loth. 
When  cheepers  come  to  a  house,  it  be- 
tokens good  luck,  Roxb. 

CHEIPER,  s.  The  Bog  Iris;  so  called, 
because  children  make  a  shrill  noise  with 
its  leaves,  Roxb. 

CHEIPING,  Cheeping,  s.  Shrill  squeak- 
ing, S. 

To  CHEIPS,  r.  a.  To  buy  or  sell.  Mait- 
land  Poems. — A.S.  ceap-an,  eniere,  ven- 
dere  ;  whence  E.  cheapen. 

To  CHEIS,  Cheiss,  Ches,  Chese.  1.  To 
choose.  Fordun.  2.  To  appoint ;  used 
in  an  oblique  sense.  Sir  Tristrem.  — 
Moes.G.  kes-an;  A.S.ceos-an;  Helg.kies-en; 
Su.G.  kes-a,  id.     Chauc.  chese. 

To  CHEITLE,  v.  n.  To  chirp;  to  chatter 
or  warble  ;  applied  to  the  sounds  emitted 
by  small  birds  when  they  sit  upon  their 
young,  or  feed  them,  Kinross.  Perths. — 
It  must  be  viewed  as  radically  the  same 
with  Teut.  quedel-en,  garrire,  modular!. 

read  chekis. 

CHEK,s.  1.  Cheek.  Douglas.  2.  The  post 
of  a  gate.  Douglas.  The  posts  of  a  door 
are  still  called  the  door-cheeks. 

CHEKER,  Checker,  s.  The  exchequer. 
Stat.  Bob.  III. 

CHELIDERECT,  s.  A  kind  of  serpent,  Bu- 
ret.— Fr.  chelydre  ;  Lat.  chelydrus,  id. 

CHEMAGE'.  'Wallace.  Che'mes  hie,  i.  e., 
high  dwelling,  seems  the  true  reading.  V. 

CHEMER,  s.  A  loose  upper  garment. 
Barbour.     V.  Chymour. 

CHEMYS,  Chymes,  Chymmes,  Chymis,  $, 

A  chief  dwelling;  as  the  manor-house 
of  a  landed  proprietor,  or  the  palace  of  a 
prince.  Baron  Courts. — O.Fr.  chefmez, 
chefmois,  the  chief  mansion-house  on  an 
estate  ;  L.B.  caput  mansi. 

CHENYIE,  Chenye,  s.  A  chain.  Hanged 
in  a  Chen  yie,  hung  in  chains.  Complayni.  S. 

CHENNONIS,  s.  pi.  Canons  belonging  to 
a  Cathedral.     Moulate. 

To  CHEPE,  v.  n.     To  chirp.     V.  Cheip. 

CHERITIE,Cherite,s.  Meaning  doubtful. 

To  CHERK,  v.  n.  To  emit  a  grating  sound, 
South  of  S.     PLoqg. 

CHERRY  of  Tay.  The  name  formerly 
given  to  a  species  of  sea-fish  in  the  Firth  of 
Tav ;  supposed  to  be  the  Smelt,  S.  Spirting. 

CHESBOW,  g.     The  poppy.     V.  Chasbol. 

To  CHESE,  r.  a.     To  choose.     V.  Cheis. 

CHESYBIL,  s.  An  ecclesiastical  dress, 
O.E.  chesuble,  a  short  vestment  without 
sleeves.  Wyntown. — L.B.  casubla;  Fr.  ca- 
suble,  id.,  a  little  cope. 

CHESOP,  s.  An  ecclesiastical  dress.  Ab- 
brev.  from  ChesybU,  q.  v.     Inventories. 

CHESS,  s.  The  quarter,  or  any  smaller  di- 
vision of  an  apple,  pear,  &c,  cut  regularly 
into  pieces.  "  The  chess  of  an  orange," 
one  of  the  divisions  of  it,  Roxb. — Fr. 
chasse,  "  that  thing,  or  part  of  a  thiug, 
wherein  another  is  enchased,"  Cotgr. 

CHESS,  s.  1.  The  frame  of  wood  for  a  win- 
dow; a  sash,  S.  2.  The  iron  frame  which 
surrounds  types,  after  they  are  set  for 
the  press,  S. — Fr.  chassis  also  signifies  a 
"  printer's  tympane,"  Cotgr. 

CHESS  ART,  s.  A  cheese-vat,  S.O.  Clies- 
sirt,  Cheswirt,  Fife. 

CHESSEL,  s.  A  cheese-vat ;  the  same 
with  Cheswell,  and  Chessart,  Nithsd. 

CHESSFORD,  Cheeseford,  s.  The  mould 
in  which  cheese  is  made,  Roxb.  Synon. 
Chizzard,  and  Kaisart,  S.B. 

To  CHESSOUN,  r.  a.  To  subject  to  blame, 
to  accuse.  Priests  of  Peblis. — Fr.  achoi- 
sonn-er,  id. 

CHESSOUN,  Chesowne,  s.  Blame;  accu- 
sation ;  exception.  Priests  of  Peblis. — 
Fr.  achoison,  accusation. 

*  CHEST,  s.  Frequently  used  for  a  coffin, 
S.    Spalding. 

To  CHEST,  r'.a.  To  enclose  in  a  coffin,  S. 
V.  Kist,  s.  and  v. 

CHESTER,  s.  1.  The  name  given  to  a  cir- 
cular fortification  in  some  parts  of  S. 
Statist.  Ace.  2.  The  designation  of  a  num- 
ber of  places,  such  as  farm-towns,  in  the 
south  of  S.,  either  by  itself  or  in  conjunc- 
tion with  some  otherword,  as  Highchester, 
Bonchester,  Whitechester,  Chesterhouse, 
Chesterha.ll,kc. — Lat.  castra,  adopted  into 
A.S.  in  the  form  of  ceaster,  a  fort,  a  castle. 

CHESTER  BEAR.  The  name  commonly 
given,  in  Angus  and  Perths.,  to  big,  as 
distinguishing  it  from  Barley-bear,  which 
denotes  what  is,  in  England,  strictly 
called  barley. 




CHESWELL,  s.    A  cheese-vat.    Kelly. 

CHEVELRIE,s.    Cavalry.   V.  Chewalry. 

CHEVERON,  s.  Armour  for  a  horse's  head. 
Sir  Gawan  and  Sir  Gal.  —  L.B.  cham- 
frenum,  Du  Cange;  Fr.  chanfrain,  chan- 

CHEVIN,  part. pa.  Succeeded;  prospered; 
achieved.  Maitland  Poems.  Fr.  chevir, 
to  obtain,  also  to  make  an  end. 

CHEVISANCE,  s.  Procurement;  means  of 
acquiring.    Acts  Ja.  I. 

CHEVRON,  s.  A  glove.— Originally,  per- 
haps, a  glove  made  of  kid  leather;  from 
Fr.  cherreau,  a  kid. 

To  CHEW,  v.  a.  To  stew,  Lanarks. ;  a 
corrupt  provincialism. 

CHEWAL,  adj.  Distorted.  V.  Shevel  and 
Showl.     Dunbar. 

CHEWALRY,  s.  1.  Men  in  arms,  of  what- 
ever rank.  Barbour.  2.  Cavalry.  Bel- 
lenden.  3.  Courage ;  prowess  in  arms. 
Barbour.  —  Fr.  chevalerie,  knighthood, 
transferred  to  armed  men  without  distinc- 
tion.    It  also  signifies  prowess. 

CHEWALROUS,  adj.  Brave  ;  gallant. 
Barbour.  —  O.Fr.  c'hevalcureux,  illustris, 

CHEWALRUSLY,  adv.  Bravely;  gal- 
lantly.    Barbour. 

ToCHEWYS,  v. a.  To  compass;  to  achieve; 
to  accomplish.     Barbour. 

CHEWYSANCE,  Chewysans,  s.  Acquire- 
ment ;  provision  ;  means  of  sustenance. 

CHIAR,  s.  A  chair.  The  vulgar  pronun- 
ciation nearly  resembles  this.  Cheyr,  S. 

To  CHICK,  r.  n.  To  make  a  clicking  noise, 
as  a  watch  does,  S. — Teut.  kick-en,  mutire, 
minimam  vocem  edere. 

CHICKENWORT,s.  Chickweed,  S.  Alsine 
media,  Linn.  From  chicken  and  icort,  an 

*  CHIEF,  adj.  Intimate  ;  as,  "  They  're 
very  chief  wi'  ane  anither,"  S.  Synon. 
Grit,  Tlirang,  Pack,  Frejf,  &c. 

CHIEL,  s.  Used  in  the  sense  of  child, 
Aberd.  "  duel,  child ;  Wi'  chief,  with 
child."  Gl.  Shirrefs. — Perhaps  the  word, 
in  this  form,  has  more  affinity  with  Su.G. 
kiill,  proles,  than  with  A.S.  cild,  infans. 

CHIEL,  Chield,  s.  1.  A  servant.  Chamber- 
chid,  a  servant  who  waits  in  a  gentle- 
man's chamber;  avalet.  Pitscottie. — Su.G. 
kullt,  a  boy;  kulla,  a  girl;  kulle,  offspring. 
Or  Child,  q.  v.  corr.  from  O.E. ;  pronounced 
by  the  common  people  in  E.  Cheild  or 
Cheeld.  2.  A  fellow,  used  either  in  a  good 
or  bad  sense,  although  more  commonly  as 
expressive  of  disrespect,  S.  Ramsay.  3.  A 
stripling,  a  young  man,  S.  It  is  applied 
indifferently  to  a  young  man  or  woman, 
S.B.  Ross.  4.  An  appellation  expressive 
of  fondness,  S.B.     Ross. 

CHIEL  or  CHARE.  One  that  a  person 
takes  a  particular  interest  in?  or  to  whom 

he  acts  as  guardian,  S.B.;  i.  e.,  "a  child 
of  his  own,  or  a  ward."  Ross.  V.Chare,s.2. 

To  CHIER,  Cheir,  t.  a.  To  cut;  to  wound. 
Chr.  Kirk. — A.S.  scear-an,  scer-an,  ton- 
dere.  Chard,  which  occurs  in  the  same 
stanza,  seems  to  be  the  pret.  of  the  p. 

CHIERE,  s.     Chair.     King's  Quair. 

CRIFFERS,  s.  pi.  Cyphers!— Fr. chifres,\d. 

CHILD,  Chyld,  s.  A  servant ;  a  page. 
Wallace.  In  O.E.,  a  youth,  especially 
one  of  high  birth,  before  he  was  advanced 
to  the  honour  of  knighthood. — -A.S.  cild, 
like  L.  infans;  Fr.  enfant;  Hisp.  infant, 
transferred  to  the  heir-apparent  of  a  so- 

CHILDER,  pi.  1.  Children,  S.,  Lancash. 
Wallace.  2.  Retinue ;  attendants.  3. 
Used  to  denominate  servants  on  ship- 
board, or  common  mariners  in  relation 
to  their  master.  Balfour's  Pract. — A.S. 
cildru,  pueri. 

CHYLD-GIFT,  s.  A  present  made  to  a 
child  by  one  who  sustains  the  character 
of  godfather. 

CHILD-ILL,  s.  Labour;  pains  of  child- 
bearing.     Barbour. 

To  CHIM,  r.  n.  "  To  take  by  small  por- 
tions ;  to  eat  nicely,"  Ettr.  For. — By  the 
usual  change  of  Goth,  k  into  ch,  this  seems 
to  originate  from  Isl.  keim-r,  sapor. 

CHYMES,  s.  A  chief  dwelling.  V.  Chemys. 

CHIMLEY,  Chijila,  Chimney,  Chimblay, 
.«.  1.  A  grate,  S.  Burrow  Lawes.  2.  A 
fire-place,  S.  3.  In  the  proper  sense  of 
E.  chimney,  as  denoting  "  the  turret  raised 
for  conveyance  of  the  smoke,"  S. — Corn. 
tsch  imbla,  a  chimney. 

CHIMLA-LUG,  s.  The  fire-side,  S.  Burns. 

CHIMLEY-BRACE,  s.  1.  The  mantel- 
piece, S.  2.  The  beam  which  supports 
the  cat-and-clay  chimneys  in  cottages  ; 
pron.  chumla-brace,  Teviotd. 

CHIMLEY-CHEEKS,  s.  pi.  The  stone 
pillars  at  the  side  of  a  fire,  S. 

CHIMLEY-NEUCK,s.  The  chimney-cor- 
ner, S.    Old  Mortality. 

CHYMOUR,  Chymer,  s.  LA  light  gown, 
Maitland  Poems.  E.  cymar.  2.  A  piece 
of  dress  worn  by  archbishops  and  bishops 
when  consecrated.  Acts  Cha.  I. — Fr.  cha- 
marre,  a  loose  and  light  gown  ;  Ital.  cia- 
niare;  Belg.  samare. 

CHYNA,  s.     A  chain.     Act.  Audit. 

CHINE,  s.  The  end  of  a  barrel,  or  that 
part  of  the  staves  which  projects  beyond 
the  head,  S.  Acts  Cha.  I. — Isl.  kan i,  pro- 
minula  pars  rei,  that  part  of  a  thing  that 
projects;  also  rostrum,  Haldorson.  Chine, 
however,  may  be  corr.  from  E.  chime, 
chimb,  id.,  especially  as  Teut.  kieme,  and 
kimme,  signify  margo  vasis ;  and  Su.G. 
kim,  extremum  dolii. 

CHINGILY,  adj.  Gravelly,  S.  Statistical 

CHINGLE,s.  Gravel,  S.  ibid.  V.  Channel. 

CHINK, .«.     A  cant  term  for  money,  Gallo- 




way.  Denominated  from  the  sound  made 
by  silver. 

CHINLIE,  adj.  Gravelly,  Moray.  The 
same  with  t  'han  nelly  and  <  'h  inglie.  Sh  a  id's 

CHINTIE-CHIN,  s.  A  long  chin  ;  a  chin 
which  projects,  Perths. 

To  CHIP,  Chyp,  v.n.  LA  bird  is  said  to 
be  chipping,  when  it  cracks  the  shell, 
A.Bor.,  id.  2.  To  break  forth  from  a 
shell  or  calix;  applied  to  flowers,  also 
to  grain  when  it  begins  to  germinate,  S. 
Douglas.  3.  Metaph.  applied  to  the  pre- 
paration necessary  to  the  flight  of  a  per- 
son. Minst.  Bord.  4.  Transferred  to  a 
woman  who  is  in  the  early  state  of  preg- 
nancy, S.  5.  It  is  applied  to  ale  when 
it  begins  to  ferment  in  the  working-vat, 
S.O. — Belg.  kipp-en,  to  hatch;  to  disclose. 

CHIPERIS,  s.  pi.  Most  probably,  gins  ; 
snares;  allied,  perhaps,  to  Teut.  kip,  deci- 
pulum,  from  kipp-en,  capere. 

CHIPPIE-BURDIE,  s.  A  term  used  in  a 
promise  made  to  a  child,  for  the  purpose 
of  pacifying  or  pleasing  it ;  I'll  gie  you  a 
chippie-bur  die,  Loth. — Perhaps  a  child's 
toy,  called  a  cheepy-burdie,  from  the 
noise  made  when  the  air  is  forced  out;  or 
a  corr.  of  Fr.  chapeau  horde,  a  cocked,  or, 
perhaps,  an  embroidered  hat. 

CH YPPYNUTIE,  s.  A  mischievous  spirit. 
Police  of  Honour.     V.  Skrymmorie. 

CHYRE,  s.     A  chair.     Inventories. 

CHYRE,.t.  Cheer; entertainment.  Dunbar. 

To  CHIRK,  Jirk,  Jirg,  Chork,  v.  re.  1. 
To  make  a  grating  noise,  S.  Popular 
Ball.  To  chirk  ivith  the  teeth,  also  ac- 
tively, to  chirk  the  teeth,  to  rub  them 
against  each  other,  S.  2.  Used  to  denote 
"the  noise  made  by  the  feet  when  the 
shoes  are  full  of  water,"  S.  Ramsay. — A.S. 
cearc-ian,  crepitare,  stridere,  to  gnash, 
to  creak  ;  Chaucer,  to  chirke. 

CHIRK,  s.  The  sound  made  by  the  teeth, 
or  by  any  hard  body,  when  rubbed  ob- 
liquely against  another. 

To  CHIRL,  v.  n.  1.  To  chirp,  Roxb.;  syn. 
Churl.  2.  To  emit  a  low,  melancholy 
sound,  as  birds  do  in  winter,  or  before  a 
storm,  Clydes.  Hogg.  3.  "  To  warble 
merrily,"  Clydes. — S\v.  sorl-a,  to  murmur; 
to  make  a  noise  like  running  water,  Seren.; 
A.S.  cear-ian,  ceorr-ian,  queri,  murmur- 
are.     4.  To  whistle  shrilly,  Roxb. 

CHIRL,  s.  The  single  emission  of  a  low, 
melancholy  sound,  Clydes. 

CHIRLING,  s.    Such  a  sound  continued,  ib. 

To  CHIRL,  v.  n.  To  laugh  immoderately, 
Dumfr.  Synon.  to  kink  with  lauchin. — 
Perhaps  in  allusion  to  the  sound  made  by 
a  moor-fowl,  or  partridge,  when  raised. 
V.  Churr,  Churl.  Hire,  rendering  the 
term  Kurra,  murmurare,  mentions  Germ. 
hurrel-n,  as  synon. 

CHIRLE,  s.  The  double-chin;  the  wattles 
of  a  cook,  Renfr.    V.  Choler. 

CHIRLE,  s.     A  small  bit  of  any  thing,  es- 
pecially of  edibles,  Lanarks. — Allied,  per- 
haps, to  Teut.  schier-en,  partiri. 
CHIRLES,  s.  pi.     Pieces  of  coal,  of  an  in- 
termediate size  between  the  largest  and 
chows,  which   are    the   smallest,  except 
what  is  called  culm,  Fife. 
CHIRM,   s.      Chirms   of  grass,  the   early 
shoots  of  grass,  Roxb. — This,  it  is  sup- 
posed, has  been  corr.  from  E.  germ,  or 
Fr.  qerme,  id. 
To  CHIRM,  r.  a.    To  warble,  S.    Picken. 
To  CHIRME,  v.  n.     1.  Used  to  denote  the 
mournful  sound  emitted  by  birds,  espe- 
cially when  collected  together  before  a 
storm,  S.     Douglas.     2.  To  chirp,  with- 
out necessarily  implying  the  idea  of  a 
melancholy  note,  S.    Ferguson.    3.  To  be 
peevish  ;  to  be  habitually  complaining,  S. 
— Belg.  kerm-en,  lamentari,  quiritari;  Isl. 
jarmr,\ox  avium,  garritus  ;  Dan.  karm- 
er,  to  grieve  or  fret. 
CHYRME,  s.     1.  Note;  applied  to  birds. 

Douglas.     2.  A  single  chirp.     Train. 
To  CHIRPLE,  v.  n.    To  twitter  as  a  swal- 
low, S.B.  A  dimin.  from  E.  v.  to  chirp. 
CHIRPLE,  s.     A  twittering  note,  S.B. 
To  CHIRR,  v.  n.    To  chirp,  Clydesd.— O.E. 
chirre,  id. ;  Germ,  kirr-en,  girr-en,  to  coo 
as  a  dove ;  also  to  emit  a  shrill  sound. 
To  CHIRT,  r.  a.     1.  To  squeeze  ;  to  press 
out,  S.     Douglas.     2.  To  act  in  a  griping 
manner ;  also,  to  squeeze  or  practise  ex- 
tortion, S.     3.  "  To  squirt,  or  send  forth 
suddenly,"  Gl.  Sibb.,  Roxb. 
CHIRT,  s.     1.  A  squeeze,  S.     2.  A  squirt, 
Roxb.    3.  A  small  quantity;  as,  a  chirt  of 
gerss,  a  small  quantity  of  grass;  a  chirt  of 
water,  applied  to  very  little  water,  Roxb. 
To  CHIRT,  v.  n.     To  press  hard  at  stool, 

S.     Picken. 
To  CHIRT  in,  v.  re.     To  press  in,  S.O. 
To  CHIRT,  b.  re.     Expl.  in  Gl.  to  "  confine 
laughter,"  Galloway.  Davidson's  Seasons. 
CHlRURGINAR,s.  Surgeon.  Aberd.Reg. 
To  CHISELL,  Chizzel,  v.  a.     To  press  in 

a  cheese-vat,  S.O. 
CHIT,  s.     A  small  bit  of  bread,  or  of  any 

kind  of  food,  S. 
To  CHITTER,  v.  n.    1 .  To  shiver;  to  trem- 
ble, S.     Ramsay.     2.    To  chatter.     The 
teeth  are  said  to  chitter,  when  they  strike 
against  each  other,  S. — Teut.  tsitter-en; 
Germ,  schutt-em,  to  quiver. 
To  CHITTER,  v.  a.    To  warble;  to  chatter, 
Galloway.     Davidson's  Seasons. —  Germ. 
zwitcher-n  denotes  the  chirping  or  chat- 
tering of  birds. 
CHITTER-LILLING,  s.     An  opprobrious 
term.    Dunbar. — Perhaps  the  same  as  E. 
chitterlin,  the  intestines. 
To  CHITTLE,  Tchittle,  v.  a.    To  eat  corn 
from  the  ear,  putting  off  the  husk  with 
the  teeth,  Dumfr. — Isl.  tutl-a,  rostro  qua- 
tere,  vel  avellere ;  tutl,  the  act  of  tearing 
or  peeling. 


1  r>* 


To  CHITTLE,  r.  n.    To  warble;  to  chatter, 
Dumfr.    Synon.  Quhittcr.  R.  JVith.  Song. 
CHIZZARD.     V.  Kaisart. 
To  CHIZZEL,  v.  a.     To  cheat ;  to  act  de- 
ceitfully, S.B.     Chouse,  E. — Belg.  kicee- 
zel-en,  to  act  hypocritically. 
CHOCK,  s.     A  name  given,  in  the  West  of 
S.,  to  the  disease  commonly  called  the 
croup. — Perhaps   from   its   tendency   to 
produce  suffocation. 
CHOFFER,  s.    A  chaffing-dish,  S.— Fr.  es- 
chauff-er,  to  chafe,  eschauff-ure,  a  chafing. 

CHOFFING-DISH,  s.     The  same. 
To  CHOISE,  Choyse,  Choice,  t.  a.     1.  To 
choose ;  to  elect,  S.   Blue  Blanket.   2.  To 
prefer,  S.     Maxwell's  Bee-master. 

CHOK-BAND,  s.  The  small  strip  of  lea- 
ther by  which  a  bridle  is  fastened  around 
the  jaws  of  a  horse,  S. 

CHOKKEIS,  pronounced  chouks,  s.  pi. 
The  jaws ;  properly  the  glandular  parts 
under  the  jaw-bones,  S.  Wallace. — Isl. 
kalke,  Malke,  maxilla,  the  jaws;  kuok,  gu- 
la,  faux  bruti.     V.  Chukis. 

C'HOL,  Chow,  s.  The  jole  or  jowl.  Ever- 
green.— A.S.  ceole,  faucis,  ceolas,  fauces, 
the  jaws.  Cheek  for  chow,  S.,  cheek  by 
jole.     Ramsay. 

CHOLER,  Chuller,  Churl,  s.  1.  A  double 
chin,  S.  Journal  Bond.  2.  Chollers, pi., 
the  gills  of  a  fish,  Upp.  Clydes.  Roxb. ; 
Chullers,  Dumfr. — Perhaps  from  some  sup- 
posed resemblance  between  the  inflation 
of  the  lungs  and  that  of  the  double  chin, 
especially  under  the  influence  of  anger. 

CHOLLE,  s.  Perhaps  the  chough.  Sir 
Gawan  and  Sir  Gal. 

CHOOP,  Choup,  s.  The  fruit  of  the  wild 
briar,  Rubus  major.  Synon.  Hip,  Dumfr. 
Roxb.  Ayrs.  Perhaps  A.S.  heope,  hiope,id. 

To  CHOOWOW,  r.  n.  To  grumble;  to 
grudge,  Fife.     V.  Chaw. 

CHOOWOWIN',  s.  The  act  of  grumbling 
or  grudging,  ibid. 

CHOP,  Chope,  Choip,  s.  A  shop.  This 
is  the  vulgar  pronunciation,  generally, 
throughout  S.  V.  Chap.  Poems  10'fA  Cent. 

To  CHORE.    V.  Chirk. 

To  CHORP,  v.  n.  To  emit  a  creaking  sound, 
as  shoes  with  water  in  them,  Loth. 

CHOSS,  s.     Choice.     Barbour. 

CHOUKS.    V.  Chokkeis. 

CHOUSKIE,  s.  A  knave,  Shetl.— Appa- 
rently from  Su.G.  Isl.  kusk-a,  pellicere,  as 
it  is  the  business  of  a  deceiver  to  entice 
others.  Ihre  gives  kouska  as  the  Norw. 
form  of  the  r.  E.  chouse  is,  undoubtedly, 
a  cognate  term,  and,  most  probablv,  cozen. 

CHOW,s.     The  jowl.     V.  Chol. 

CHOW,  g.  1.  A  wooden  ball  used  in  a 
game  like  Shinty,  played  with  clubs,  Mo- 
ray, Banff's.  2.  The  game  itself  is  hence 
denominated  The  Chou: —  Perhaps  from 
Dan.  kolle;  Teut.  kolue,  a  bat  or  club ;  or 
from  Isl.  kug-a;  Dan.  hie,  cogere. 

To  CHOW,  v.  a.    To  chew.  S. 

CHOW,    Chaw,  s.     1.  A  mouthful  of  any 
thing  that  one  chews,  S.     2.   Used,  by 
way  of  eminence,  for  a  quid  of  tobacco,  S. 
Ballad  Muirland  Willie. 
CHOW'D  MOUSE.     A  worn-out  person; 
one  whose   appearance   in   the   morning 
shows  that  he  has  spent  the  night  riot- 
ously.    He  is  called  "  a  chow'd  mouse," 
or  said  to  "  look  like  a  chow'd  mouse," 
Roxb. ;  i.  e.,  like  a  mouse  to  which  her 
ruthless  foe  has  given  several  gashes  with 
her  teeth,  before  condescending  to  give 
the  coup  de  grace. 
To  CHOWL,  Chool,  (like  ch  in  church,)  v.  n. 
1.  To  chowl  one's  chaffs,  to  distort  one's 
mouth,  often  for  the  purpose  of  provoking 
another;  to  make  ridiculous  faces,  S. — ■ 
Probably  corr.,  because  of  the  distortion 
of  the  face,  from  Showl,  q.  v.     2.  To  emit 
a  mournful  cry  ;  applied  to  dogs  or  chil- 
dren, Fife.     As  regarding  children,  it  al- 
ways includes  the  idea  that  they  have  no 
proper  reason  for  their  whining. 
CHOWL,  Chool,  s.     A  cry  of  the  kind  de- 
scribed above  ;  a  whine,  ibid. 
CHOWPIS,^ns.  r.  Chops  about.  Douglas. 
CHOWS,  s.  pi.     A  smaller  kind  of  coal, 
much  used  in  forges,  S. — Perhaps  from 
Fr.  chou,  the  geueral  name  of  coal.    Stat. 
To  CHOWTLE,  Chuttle,  v.  n.     To  chew 
feebly,  as  a  child  or  an  old  person  does, 
S. — Isl.  jodla,  infirmiter  mandere. 
CHRISTENMASS,  s.     Christmas,  Aberd. 
CHRISTIE,  Cristie,  s.     1.  The  abbrevia- 
tion of  Christopher,  when  a  man  is  re- 
ferred  to,   S.      2.   The   abbreviation   of 
Christian,  if  the  name  of  a  woman;  more 
commonly  pron.  q.  Kir  sty,  S. 
CHRYSTISMESS,  s.  Christmas.   Wallace. 
CHRISTSWOORT,    Christmas    Flower. 
Names  formerly  given  in  S.  to  Black  Hel- 
To  CHUCK,  r.a.  To  toss  or  throw  any  thing 
smartly  out  of  the  hand,  S.    V.  Shuck,  v. 
CHUCK,  s.    A  marble  used  at  the  game  of 

Taw,  or  marbles,  Dumfr. 
CHUCKET,  s.    A  name  given  to  the  Black- 
bird,   Island    of   Hoy,  Orkney.     Low's 
Faun.  Oread. 
CHUCKIE,  s.     LA  low  or  cant  term  for 
a  hen,  S.    Guy  Mannering.   2.  A  chicken. 
- — Belg.  kui/ken,  a  chicken. 
CHUCKIE-ST ANE,  s.    A  small  pebble,  S. ; 
a  quartz  crystal  rounded  by  attrition  on 
the  beach. — This  may  be  from  Teut.  keyk- 
en,  a  small  flint,  parvus   silex,   Kilian. 
But  rather,  I  suspect,  from  the  circum- 
stance of  such  stones  being  swallowed  by 
domestic  fowls. 
CHUCKIE-STANES,  Chucks,  ?.     A  game 
played  at  by  girls,  in  which  four  pebbles 
are  spread  on  a  stone,  and  while  a  fifth 
is  tossed  up,  these  must  be  quickly  ga- 
thered, and  the  falling  pebble  caught  in 
its  descent  in  the  same  hand  with  them. 




CHUCKLE-HEAD,  s.     A  dolt,  Aberd. 
CHUCKLE-HEADED,  adj.    Doltish,  ibid. 
— This  is  a  cant  E.  word  ;  Grose's  Class. 
Diet.     Can  it  have  any  affinity  to  Germ. 
kuyghel,  kugel,  globus,  sphaera;   as  we 
say  'Bullet-head  i 
CHUDREME,  Cudreme,  s.     The  designa- 
tion of  what  is  called  a  stone-weight. — 
"  The  Ghudreme,"  Mr.  Chalmers  has  justly 
observed,  "  is  the  Irish  Cudthrom,  the  {th) 
being  quiescent,  which  signified  weight. 
So,  Clach-ar-cudrim  means,  literally,  a 
stone- weight ;  punt-ar-cudrim,  a  pound- 
weight.     Macdonald's  Gael.  Vocab. 
CHUF,s.    Clown.    Ma  it  land  Poems.    Evi- 
dently the  same  with  Cufe,  q.  v. 
CHUFFIE-CHEEKIT,  adj.     Having  full 

and  flaccid  cheeks,  S. 
CHUFFIE-CHEEKS,  s.     A  ludicrous  de- 
signation given  to  a  full-faced  child,  S. 
V.  Chuffy,  E. 
To  CHUG,  <o.  n.    To  tug  at  an  elastic  sub- 
stance, Upp.  Clydes.  —  Germ,  zug,  zuge, 
the  act  of  drawing  out ;  from  Alem.  zeoh- 
an,  Germ,  zieh-en,  trahere,  attrahere. 
CHUK,  s.     Asellus  marinus.     Sibbald. 
CHUKIS,  s.^j/.     Apparently,  a  swelling  of 
the  jaws.     Gl.  Complaynt. — A.S.  ceacena 
sicyle,  faucium  tumor. 
CHUM,  s.     Food ;  provision  for  the  belly, 

Clydes.    Scaff,  synon. 
CHUN,  s.     A  term  applied  to  the  sprouts 
or  germs  of  barley,  in  the  process  of  mak- 
ing malt ;  also  to  the  shoots  of  potatoes, 
when  they  begin  to  spring  in  the  heap, 
Galloway,  Dumfr. 
To  CHUN,  r.  a.     To  chun  potatoes  is,  in 
turning  them  to  prevent  vegetation,  to 
nip  off  the  shoots  which  break  out  from 
what  are  called   the  een,  or  eyes,  ibid., 
Roxb.  Upp.  Clydesd. — Moes.G.  kein-an, 
us-kein-an,  germinare;  Alem.  chin-en,  id. 
CHURCH  and  MICE.    A  game  of  children, 
Fife.    Said  to  be  the  same  with  the  Sow 
in  the  Kirk,  q.  v. 
To  CHURM,  b.  a.     1.  To  tune  ;  to  sing.— 
This   seems   merely  the    Gall.   pron.   of 
Chirme,  q.  v.     2.  To  grumble,  or  emit  a 
humming  sound,  Ayrs.     Apparently  the 
same  with  Chirme,  sense  3.     Gait. 
CHURME,  s.     Used  to  denote  a  low,  mur- 
muring, and  mournful  conversation,  ibid. 
To  CHURR,  Churl,  Chirle,  v.  n.     1.  To 
coo;  to   murmur.     Sibb.   writes   chirle, 
rendering  it,  "  to  chirp  like  a  sparrow," 
South  of  S.     2.  Used  to  denote  the  cack- 
ling noise  made  by  the  moorfowl  when 
raised  from  its  seat,  Dumfr. — Cimbr.  kur, 
murmur  ;  A.S.  ceor-ian,  murmurare. 
CIETEZOUR,  s.     A  citizen.     Bellenden. 
CYGONIE,  s.     The   stork.    Buret.  —  Fr. 

cicogne,  id. 
CYLE,  s.     The  foot,  or  lower  part,  of  a 
couple  or  rafter ;  synon.  Spire,  Roxb. — 
A.S.  syl,  syle,  syll,  basis,  fulcimentum  ; 
Su.G.  syll,  fundamentum  cujusvis  rei. 

CYMMING,  Cumyeoxe,  Cumming,  s.  1.  A 
large  oblong  vessel,  of  a  square  form, 
about  a  foot  or  eighteen  inches  in  depth, 
used  for  receiving  what  works  over  from 
the  masking-fat  or  barrel,  Loth.  2.  A 
small  tub  or  wooden  vessel,  Ang.  Fife. 
Used  as  synon.  with  Bowie. 
CYNDIRE,  s.    A  term  denoting  ten  swine. 

Forrest  Lawe. 
CYPRUS  CAT,  a  cat  of  three  colours,  as 
of  black,  brown,  and  white,  S.    Tortoise- 
shell  cat,  E.     Acts  Ja.  VI. 
CIRCUAT  ABOUT, encircled;  surrounded. 

— For  circuit;  Fr.  id. ;  Lat.  circuit-us. 
CIRCULYE,«tfr.   Circularlv.  Aberd.  Reg. 
To  CIRCUMJACK,  r.  n.     To  agree  to,  or 
correspond  with,  W.  Loth.    A  term  most 
probably  borrowed  from  law  deeds. — Lat. 
circumjac-ere,  to  lie  round  or  about. 
To  CIRCUMVENE,  Circumveen,  r.  a.     1. 
To  environ.  Bellenden.  2.  To  circumvent. 
Acts  Ja.  V. — Immediately  from  Lat.  oir- 
cumten-ire,  like  Fr.  circonven-ir,  which 
are  used  in  both  these  senses. 
CYSTEWS,  s.  pi.    Cistercian  monks.— Fr. 

Cistaws.     Wyntovm. 
CITEYAN,  Ci'eteyan,  s.     A  citizen.— Fr. 

citoyen.     Bellenden. 
CITHARIST,  s.     The  harp.     Houlate. 
CITHERAPES,  s.  pi.   The  traces  by  which 
a  plough  is  drawn  in  Orkney ;    Theets, 
thetes,  svnon.  S.     Agr.  Sum.  Orkn. 
CITHOLIS,.*.  A  musical  instrument.  Hou- 
late.—L.B.  citola;  Fr.  citole,  an  instru- 
ment with  chords. 
CIVIS,  s.  pi.     A  misnomer  for  an  old  Eng- 
lish penny.     Perils  of  Man. 
CLAAICK,  Clawick,*s.     1.  The  state  of 
having  all  the  corns  on  a  farm  reaped,  but 
not  inned,  Aberd.  Banff.  2.  The  autumnal 
feast,  or  Harvest-home,  Aberd. ;  synon. 
Maiden.    When    the    harvest    is   early 
finished,  it  is  called  the  Maiden  Claaick ; 
when  late,  the  Carlin  Claaick. 
CLAAIK-SHEAF,  Clyack-Sheaf,  s.    The 
Maiden,  or  last  handful  of  corn  cut  down 
bv  the  reapers  on  a  farm,  Aberd. 
CLAAICK-SUPPER,    Clyack-Svpper,  s. 
The  feast  given,  about  thirty  years  ago, 
on  the  cutting  down  of  the  corn  on  a 
farm  ;  now,  that  the  entertainment  is  de- 
ferred till  the  crop  be  inned,  rather  inac- 
curately transferred  to  the  feast  of  Har- 
vest-home, ibid. 
CLAAR,  s.    A  large  wooden  vessel.    Clan- 
Albin. — Gael,  clar,  a  board,  trough,  &c. 
CLACHAN,  Clauchanne,  s.     A  small  vil- 
lage, bordering    on    the   Highlands,   in 
which  there  is  a  parish-church,  S.     Else- 
where, it  is  called  the  kirk-town.    Acts 
Ja.  VI. — From  Gael,  clachan,  "a  circle 
of  stones  ;"  as  churches  were  erected  in 
the  same  places  which,  in  times  of  hea- 
thenism, had  been  consecrated  to  Druidi- 
cal  worship. 




CLACH-COAL,  s.  The  term  formerly,  if 
not  still,  given  in  the  district  of  Kyle,  to 
Cartdle-coa,\ ;  called  Pa/vctf-coal  in  Car- 
rick  and  elsewhere. — If  not  from  Gael. 
clack,  a  stone,  q.  stone-coal,  like  Belg. 
steen-koolen;  perhaps  allied  to  Teut.  klack- 
en,  Isl.  klak-a,  clangere,  as  referring  to 
the  noise  it  makes  in  burning;  as  it  seems, 
for  the  same  reason,  to  be  designed  Par- 

To  CLACHER,  Clagher,  «.  n.  To  move 
onwards,  or  get  along  with  difficulty,  and 
slowly,  in  a  clumsy,  trailing,  loose  man- 
ner, Loth. 

CLACHNACUIDIN,  s.  The  stone  of  the 
tubs  or  cuidies ;  a  stone  at  the  market- 
place of  Inverness,  on  which  the  servants 
rested  their  tubs  in  carrying  water  from 
the  river.  Hence,  Clachnacuidin  lads  and 
lasses,  natives  of  Inverness.  To  drink 
Clachnacuidin,  to  drink  prosperity  to  the 
town  of  Inverness. 

*  CLACK,  s.  Expl.  "  slanderous  or  imperti- 
nent discourse."     Gl.  Shirrefs.     Aberd. 

CLACK,  s.  The  clapper  of  a  mill,  S.— Teut. 
klack,  sonora  percussio. 

CLADACH,  s.     Talk.     V.  Cleitach. 

CLAES,;^.     Clothes.     V.  Claith. 

CLAFF,  s.  The  cleft  or  part  of  a  tree 
where  the  branches  separate,  Galloway. 
— Su.G.  klofwa,  ruptura  ;  Isl.  klof,  fcemo- 
rum  iutercapedo;  from  klyfw-a,  to  cleave. 

CLAFFIE,  adj.  Disordered';  as,  claffie  hair, 
dishevelled  hair,  Berwicks.  Perhaps  q. 
having  one  lock  or  tuft  separated  from 
another.— Isl.  klyf,  findo,  diffindo,  Uafin, 

CLAFFIE,  ».     A  slattern,  ibid. 

CLAG,  Clagg,  8.  1.  An  encumbrance,  a 
burden  lying  on  property  ;  a  forensic 
term,  S.  Dallas.  2.  Charge  ;  impeach- 
ment of  character;  fault,  or  imputation 
of  one,  S.  Bitson. — Teut.  klaghe,  accu- 
satio ;  Dan.  Mage,  a  complaint,  a  griev- 
ance. Or,  perhaps,  rather  from  the  same 
origin  with  E.  clog;  q.  what  lies  as  a 
clog  on  an  estate. 

CLAG,  s.  A  clot ;  a  coagulation,  S. ;  as, 
"  There  was  a  great  clag  o'  dirt  sticking 
to  his  shoe." — Isl.  kleggi,  massa  compacta 
alicujus  rei,  Haldorson. 

To  CLAG,  r.  a.  To  obstruct ;  to  cover 
with  mud  or  any  thing  adhesive,  S.  Wal- 
lace. Clog,  E.  "  The  wheels  are  a'  claggit 
wi'  dirt." — Dan.  klaeg,  viscous,  glutinous, 
sticky  ;  Isl.  kleggi,  massa  compacta. 

CLAGGY,  adj.  Unctuous  ;  adhesive ;  be- 
spotted  with  mire.     V.  the  v. 

CLAGGINESS,  s.  Adhesiveness  in  moist 
or  miry  substances,  S. 

CLAGGOCK,  s.  "  A  dirty  wench,"  Gl.  Sibb. 
A  draggletail.     Lyndsay. 

CLAHYNNHE,  Clachin,  s.  Clan  or  tribe 
of  people  living  in  the  same  district. 
Wyntown. — Gael.  Ir.  clan,  id.  j  Moes.G. 
klahaim,  children. 

CLAYCHT,s.     Cloth.     Aberd.  Beq. 

CLAYERS,  Clyers,  s.  pi.  A  disease  in 
cows,  similar  to  Glanders  in  horses,  Roxb. 
V.  Clyers. 

CLAYIS,s.^.     Clothes,  S.     V.  Claith. 

To  CLAIK,  r.  n.  1.  To  make  a  clucking 
noise,  as  a  hen  does,  especially  when  pro- 
voked, S.  2.  To  cry  incessantly,  and  im- 
patiently, for  any  thing,  S.  3.  To  talk  a 
great  deal  in  a  trivial  way,  S. ;  to  clack, 
E.  4.  To  tattle  ;  to  report  silly  stories, 
S. — Isl.  klak-a,  clango,  avium  vox  propria, 
kfack-a,  to  prattle;  Su.G.  klaek,  reproach. 

CLAIK,  s.  1.  The  noise  made  by  a  hen,  S. 
— Isl.  klak,  vox  avium.  2.  An  idle  or 
false  report,  S.     Morison. 

CLAIK,  Clake,  s.  The  bernacle,  Anas 
Erythropus,  (mas,)  Linn.  Bellenden. — 
It  seems  to  have  been  supposed  that  this 
goose  received  its  name  from  its  claik,  or 
the  noise  which  it  makes. 

CLAIK,  s.  A  female  addicted  to  tattling, 

To  CLAIK,  v.  a.  To  bedaub  or  dirty  with 
any  adhesive  substance,  Aberd.  "  Claikit, 
besmeared."     Gl.  Shirrefs. 

CLAIK, .«.  A  quantity  of  any  dirty,  adhe- 
sive substance,  ibid. 

CL AIKIE,  adj.  Adhesive ;  sticky ;  dauby,  ib. 

CLAIKRIE,  s.     Tattling  ;  gossiping,  S. 

CLAYMORE,  s.  1 .  Used  for  a  two-handed 
sword.  2.  The  common  basket-hilted 
broad-sword  worn  by  Highlanders,  S. 
This  has  long  been  the  appropriate  signi- 
fication.— Gael,  claidamh  mor,  literally 
"  the  great  sword."  Claidamh  is  evi- 
dently the  same  word  with  Ir.  cloidheac, 
C.B.  kledhyr,  Armor,  kledh,  id.  Hence, 
also,  Fr.  glaive,  and  E.  glare.  Su.G. 
glaficen,  anc.  glaef,  lancea,  must  be  viewed 
as  radically  the  same ;  as  well  as  Alem. 
c/lef,  glen,  Teut.  qlarie,  &c. 

CLAIP,  s.  The '  clapper  of  a  mill.  V. 

To  CLAIR,  v.  n.  To  search,  by  raking  or 
scratching,  Berwicks.  To  clairfor,  and 
to  clair  out,  are  used  synonymously,  ibid. 

CLAIR,  adj.  1.  Distinct;  exact,  S.B.  Boss. 
— Fr. clair, evident, manifest;  Lat.  clarvs. 
2.  Ready,  prepared,  S.B. ;  clar,  Orkn. — 
Dan.  klar,  id.     Pennecuik. 

To  CLAIR,  v.  a.  To  beat;  to  maltreat. 
Polwart.  Clearings  is  used  metaph.  both 
for  scolding  and  for  beating,  Clydes. 

CLAIRSHOE,  s.  A  musical  instrument, 
resembling  the  harp,  of  which  the  strings 
are  made  of  brass  wire. — It  is  this,  per- 
haps, that  is  called  the  Clarche  Pipe,  q.  v. 
V.  also  Clareshaw. 

CLAIRT,  Clort,  s.  1.  A  quantity  of  any 
dirty  or  defiling  substance,  Aberd.  2.  Ap- 
plied to  a  woman  who  is  habitually  and 
extremely  dirty,  ibid.  8.  Auy  large,  awk- 
ward, dirty  thing,  ibid.     From  Clart. 

To  CLAIRT,  v.  n.  To  be  employed  in  any 
dirty  work,  Aberd, 




To  CLAIRT,  v.  a.  To  lay  on  any  smearing 
substance,  ibid. 

CLAISE,  Clothes.    V.  Claith. 

CLAISTER,  s.  1.  Any  sticky  or  adhesive 
composition,  Roxb.  2.  A  person  bedaubed 
with  mire,  ibid. — Undoubtedly,  from  a 
common  origin  with  Isl.  Mistr,  Dan.  Mis- 
ter, gluten,  lutum,  Su.G.  Mister,  id. 

To  CLAISTER,  v.  a.     To  bedaub,  ibid. 

CLAITH,  Claytii,?.  Cloth,  S.;  Westmorel. 
Abp.  Hamiltoun.  Chris,  claise,  dues,  S., 
pi.,  Westmorel.;  also  Cumb. — A.S.  cloth, 
cloth  ;  clatha,  Isl.,  Su.G.  klaede,  clothes. 

CLAITH  nor  Waith.  A  proverbial  expres- 
sion, apparently  signifying  neither  cloth 
in  the  piece,  nor  cloth  made  into  garments. 
PhUotus.     V.  Waith,  s.  1. 

CLA1THMAN,  s.  The  old  designation  for 
a  clothier  or  woollen-draper. 

To  CLAIVER,  r.  n.  To  talk  idly  or  fool- 
ishly.    V.  Claver. 

CLAM,  adj.  Mean  ;  low  ;  applied  to  any 
action  which  is  reckoned  unworthy.  This 
is  a  very  common  school-term  in  Edin- 
burgh.— As  being  properly  a  school-boy's 
word,  it  may  have  originated  in  the  use 
of  the  Lat.  clam,  as  primarily  applied  to 
any  thing  which  was  clandestinely  done, 
or  which  the  pupils  wished  to  hide  from 
their  preceptor.     But  V.  Clem. 

CLAM,  Claum,  adj.  1.  Clammy,  S—  Belg. 
Mam,  id.  2.  Moist.  Ice  is  said  to  be  clam, 
or  rather  claum,  when  beginning  to  melt 
with  the  sun,  or  otherwise,  and  not  easy 
to  be  slid  upon,  S. — Teut.  Mam,  tenax,  et 

CLAM,  Clam-Shell,  .«.  1.  A  scallop-shell, 
S.,  Ostrea  opercularis,  Linn.  Sibbald.— 
Probably  from  O.Fr.  clame,  a  pilgrim's 
mantle,  as  these  shells  were  worn  on  the 
cape  of  their  mantles,  or  on  their  hats, 
by  those  who  had  made  a  pilgrimage  to 
Palestine,  as  a  symbol  of  their  having 
crossed  the  sea.  2.  In  pi.  "  a  wild  sound 
supposed  to  be  made  by  goblins  in  the  air," 
Upp.  Clydes.     Saint  Patrick. 

To  CLAM,  Claim,  r.  n.  To  grope  or  grasp 
ineffectually,  Ayrs.  Gait. — This  may  be 
merely  a  provincial  variety  of  glaum,  q.  v. 
It  may,  however,  be  allied  to  Isl.  Memm-a, 
coarctare,  compingere. 

CLAMANCY,  s.  The  urgency  of  any  case 
arising  from  necessity,  S. 

CLAMANT,  adj.  1 .  Having  a  powerful  plea 
of  necessity ;  as,  "  This  is  a  very  cla- 
mant case,  S.     2.  Highly  aggravated,  so 
as  to  call  aloud  for  vengeance.  M'  Ward's 
Contendings. — Ft. clamant;  Lat.  damans, 
crying  out. 
CLAMEHEWIT,   Claw-my-hewit,  s.     1. 
A  stroke;  a  drubbing,  S.    Ferguson.    2.  A 
misfortune,  Ang. ;   q.  claw  my  hexed,  or 
head,  scratch  my  head,  an  ironical  ex- 
CLAMYNG,  climbing.     Aberd.  Peg. 
CLAMJAMPHRIE,Clanjamfrie,s.    1.  A 

term  used  to  denote  low,  worthless  people, 
or  those  who  are  viewed  in  this  light,  S. 
Guy  Mannering.  2.  Frequently  used  to 
denote  the  purse-proud  vulgar,  who  affect 
airs  of  state  to  those  whom  they  consider 
as  now  far  below  themselves  in  rank ; 
viewing  them  as  mere  canaille.  3.  Clam- 
jamfry  is  used  in  Teviotd.  in  the  sense  of 
trumpery ;  as,  "  Did  you  stop  till  the 
roup  was  done  i"  "  A'  was  sell'd  but 
the  clamjamfry."  4.  Nonsensical  talk, 
West  of  Fife. — Clanjamph  is  sometimes 
used  in  the  same  sense  with  clanjamphrie, 
in  the  higher  parts  of  Lanarks.,  as  if  it 
were  compounded  of  clan,  and  the  v.  to 
jamplt,  to  spend  time  idly,  or  jampher,  q. 
"  the  clan  of  idlers."  The  termination  may 
be  viewed  as  expressive  of  abundance. 
V.  Jamph,  and  Rie,  Ry,  termination. 

To  CLAMP,  Clamper,  r.  n.  1.  To  make  a 
noise  with  the  shoes  in  walking,  S.  2. 
To  crowd  things  together,  as  pieces  of 
wooden  furniture,  with  a  noise,  Dumfr. 

CLAMP,  ?.  A  heavy  footstep  or  tread. 

To  CLAMP  up,  Clamper,  v.  a.  1.  To  patch ; 
to  make  or  mend  in  a  clumsy  manner,  S. 
Chron.  S.  Poet.  2.  Industriously  to  patch 
up  accusations. — Germ.  Memperii,  metal- 
luni  malleo  tundere,  Mempener,  one  who 
patches  up  toys  for  children. 

CLAMPER,?.  1.  apiece,  properly  of  some 
metallic  substance,  with  which  a  vessel  is 
mended  ;  also  that  which  is  thus  patched 
up,  S.  2.  Used  metaph.  as  to  arguments 
formerly  answered.  31.  Bruce.  3.  A 
patched  up  handle  for  crimination. — Isl. 
Mampi,  fibula  ;  Germ.  Memper-n  signifies 
to  beat  metal ;  the  idea  seems  to  be, 
"  something  to  hammer  at." 

CLAMPET,  s.  A  piece  of  iron  worn  on  the 
fore-part  of  the  sole  of  a  shoe,  for  fencing 
it,  Roxb. — Tout.  Mampe,  retinaculum  ;  or 
klompe,  solea  lignea. 

CLAMPERS,  A  sort  of  pincers  used 
for  castrating  bulls  and  other  quadrupeds, 
Roxb.  Clams,  synon.  "  damps,  andirons, 
Northumb.;"  Grose. — Teut.  Mampe,  un- 
cus, harpago. 

CLAMP-KILL,  8.  A  kiln  built  of  sods  for 
burning  lime,  Clackmannans. ;  syn.  Lazie- 
kill,  Clydesd.  2.  A  kill  clamped  up  in  the 
roughest  manner. 

CLAMS,  1.  Strong  pincers  used  by 
ship- wrights,  for  drawing  large  nails,  S.B. 
2.  Pincers  of  iron  employed  for  castrating 
horses,  bulls,  &c.,  Roxb.  3.  A  vice,  gen- 
erally made  of  wood,  used  by  artificers 
for  holding  any  thing  fast,  S.  4.  The  in- 
strument, resembling  a  forceps,  employed 
in  weighing  gold.  Shirrefs. — Belg.  klemm- 
en,  arctare,  to  pinch;  Dan.  klemme-jem,  a 
pair  of  nippers  or  pincers,  from  klemm-er, 
to  pinch  ;  Sw.  klaemm-a,  to  pinch,  to 

CLANGLUMSHOUS,  adj.  Sulky,  Lanarks; 




q.  belonging  to  the  clan  of  those  who 
glumsh  or  look  sour.    V.  Glumsh. 

CLANK,  s.  A  sharp  blow  that  causes  a 
noise,  S.  Ramsay. — Teut.  klanck,  clangor. 

To  CLANK,  t.  a.  1 .  To  give  a  sharp  stroke, 
S.  Mlnst.  Bord.  2.  To  take  a  seat  has- 
tily, and  rather  noisily,  S.     Tarras. 

To  CLANK  down,  v.  a.  To  throw  down 
with  a  shrill,  sharp  noise.    Melvill's  MS. 

To  CLANK  down,  v.  n.  To  sit  down  in  a 
hurried  and  noisy  way,  S.     Harst  Rig. 

CLANK,  s.  A  catch ;  a  hasty  hold  taken 
of  any  object,  S.     Claught,  synon.     Ross. 

CLANNISH,  adj.  Feeling  the  force  of  fa- 
mily or  national  ties,  S.;  from  clan.  Heart 
of  Mid-Loth.,  iv.  32. 

CLANNIT,  Clanned,  part.  pa.  Of  or  be- 
longing to  a  clan  or  tribe.   Acts  Ja.  VI. 

CLANSMAN,  s.  One  belonging  to  some 
particular  Highland  clan,  S.  Jacobite 

CLAP  of  a  Mill,  a  piece  of  wood  that  makes 
a  noise  in  the  time  of  grinding,  S.  Clapper, 
E.  Barns. — Fris.  Jdappe,  Belg.  Ueppe, 
crotalum,  crepitaculum. 

CLAP  and  Happer,  the  symbols  of  in- 
vestiture in  the  property  of  a  mill,  S. — 
"  The  symbols  for  land  are  earth  and  stone, 
for  mills  clap  and  happer.''''  Ersk.  Inst. 

To  CLAP,  r.  a.  1.  To  press  down.  Clappit, 
part,  pa.,  applied  to  a  horse  or  other  ani- 
mal that  is  much  shrunk  in  the  flesh  after 
being  greatly  fatigued;  as,"  he's  sair  clap- 
pit" — "  his  cheeks  were  clappit,"  i.  e.  col- 
lapsed,as  it  isexpressedby  medical  men, S. 
2.  To  clap  down  claise,  to  prepare  linen 
clothes  for  being  mangled  or  ironed,  S. 

To  CLAP,  v.  n.  1 .  To  couch ;  to  lie  down ; 
generally  applied  to  a  hare  in  regard  to  its 
form  or  seat,  and  conveying  the  idea  of 
the  purpose  of  concealment,  Perths.  2.  To 
lie  flat,  S.     V.  Cuttie-clap. 

To  CLAP,  r.  n.  To  stop;  to  halt;  to  tarry;  as, 
clap  a  gliff,  step  in, and  stop  for  a  little,  Fife. 

To  CLAP  the  Head.  To  commend ;  con- 
veying the  idea  of  flattery,  S.     Ramsay. 

CLAP,  s.  A  stroke.  Dedis  clap,  the  stroke 
of  death.  Douglas. — Belg.  Map,  a  slap  ; 
a  box  on  the  ear. 

CLAP,  s.  A  moment ;  in  a  clap,  instanta- 
neously. Baillie. — The  idea  is  a  clap  of 
the  hand  ;  for  handclap  is  used,  S.B. 

CLAP  of  the  Hass.  The  vulgar  designation 
for  the  uvula,  S.     Syn.  Rap  of' the  Hass. 

CLAP,  .«.  A  flat  instrument  of  iron,  re- 
sembling a  box,  with  a  tongue  and  handle, 
used  for  making  proclamations  through  a 
town,  instead  of  a  drum  or  hand-bell,  S. 
Chron.  S.  Poet. — Teut.  Jcleppen,  pulsare, 
sonare  ;  Belg.  Hep,  a  clapper. 

CLAPDOCK  BREECHES,  Small  clothes 
made  so  tight  as  to  clap  close  to  the  breech ; 
a  term  occurring  in  letters  of  the  reign  of 
Cha.  II. 

CLAPMAN,  s.  A  public  crier,  S.— Belg. 
klapperman  ,a  watchman  with  a  clapper. 

CL  APPE.s.  A  stroke ;  a  discomfiture.— Belg. 
Map,  a  slap,  a  box  on  the  ear. 

CLAPPERS,  £.  A  thing  formed  to  make  a 
rattling  noise,  by  a  collision  of  its  parts, 
Aberd.  Although  it  has  a  pi.  termination, 
it  is  used  as  if  singular,  a  clappers.— Tent, 
liapper-en,  crepitare. 

CLAPPERS,  Holes  intentionally  made 
for  rabbits  to  burrow  in,  either  in  an  open 
warren,  or  within  an  enclosure. — Fr.  clap- 
ier,  id. ;  Su.G.  Mapper,  lapides  minuti  et 

*  To  CLAPPERCLAW,  r.  n.  To  fight  at 
arm's  length,  to  strike  a  blow  as  a  spider 
at  a  fly,  Aberd. 

CLAPPIT,  adj.  Used  in  the  sense  of  flabby, 
Aberd.  V.  Clap,  t.  a.     1.  To  press  down. 

CLAPSCHALL,  .<.  Apparently  corr.  from 
knapskall,  a  head-piece. 

CLARCHE  PIPE.     Watson's  Coll. 

CLARE,  adc.    Wholly;  entirely,  S.    Doua. 

CLAREMETHEN.  According  to  the  law 
of  Claremcthen,  any  person  who  claims 
stolen  cattle  or  goods  is  required  to  ap- 
pear at  certain  places  particularly  ap- 
pointed for  this  purpose,  and  prove  his 
right  to  them,  S.  Skene. — From  dare, 
clear,  and  meith,  a  mark. 

CLARESCH AW,  Clerschew.  5.  A  musical 
instrument  resembling  the  harp. — From 
Gael,  clarseach,  a  harp. 

CLARGIE,  Clergy,  s.  Erudition.  Priests 
Peblis. — Fr.  clergic,  id.,  from  Lat.  clericus. 

To  CLARK,  r.  a.  To  act  as  a  scribe  or 
amanuensis,  S.     Y.  Clerk. 

To  CLART,  v.  a.  To  dirty;  to  foul;  to  be- 
daub with  mire,  S.     Clort,  Perths. 

CL  ARTS,  ^.  pi.  Dirt ;  mire ;  any  thing  that 
defiles,  S.     Hence, 

CLARTY,«-7;.  1. Dirty; nasty, S.  Maitland 
Puems.  Ct'orty,  Perths.  Clairty,  Aberd. 
2.  Clammy,  dauby,  adhesive,  Aberd.  Clart, 
to  spread  orsmear.  Clartt/, smeav'd,  A.Bor. 

To  CLASH,  r.  n.  1.  To  talk  idly,  S.  Cle- 
land.  2.  To  tittle-tattle;  to  tell  tales,  S. 
— Germ. klatschen, id.,  klatcherey,id\e  talk. 

CLASH,  s.  1.  Tittle-tattle;  prattle,  S.  Sa- 
tan's Invis.  World.  2.  Vulgar  fame;  the 
story  of  the  day,  S.  Burns.  3.  Something 
learned  as  if  by  rote,  and  repeated  in  a 
careless  manner ;  a  mere  paternoster,  S. 

To  CLASH,  v.  a.  1.  To  pelt;  to  throw 
dirt,  S.  Dunbar.  2.  To  strike  with  the 
open  hand,  Loth.  Fife.  3.  To  bang  a 
door,  or  shut  it  with  violence ;  as,  "  I 
clash'd  the  dore  in  his  face,"  Roxb. 
Slam,  A.Bor. — Teut.  Mets-en,  resono  ictu 
verberare  ;  Dan.  klatsk-er,  to  flap. 

CLASH,  s.  LA  quantity  of  any  soft  or  moist 
substance  thrown  at  an  object,  S.  Gait.  2. 
A  dash ;  the  act  of  throwing  a  soft  or  moist 
body,  S.  3.  A  blow ;  a  stroke. — Germ. 
Match,  id.  4.  Clash  o'  wcet,  any  thing  com- 
pletely drenched  with  water,  Ayrs.    Gait. 

To  CLASH,  v.  n.    To  emit  a  sound  in  strik- 




ing,  South  of  S. — Germ,  klatsch-en,  cum 
sono  ferire,  Wachter. 
CLASH,  s.    The  sound  caused  by  the  fall  of 
a  body ;  properly  a  sharp  sound,  S.  Clank 
synon.     Rob  Roy. 

CLASH,  s.  LA  heap  of  any  heterogeneous 
substances,  S.  2.  A  large  quantity  of 
any  thing. — Isl.  klase,  rudis  nexura,  quasi 
congelatio;  Dan.  klase,  a  bunch,  a  cluster. 

CLASH,  Claisch,  s.  A  cavity  of  consider- 
able extent  in  the  acclivity  of  a  hill,  S. 

To  CLASH  up,  r.  a.  To  cause  one  object  to 
adhere  to  another,  by  means  of  mortar, 
or  otherwise.  It  generally  implies  the  idea 
of  projection  on  the  part  of  the  object  ad- 
hering, S. — Flandr.  kless-en,  affigere. 

CLASHER,  s.  A  tattler  ;  a  tale-bearer,  S. 

CLASHING,  part.  adj.   Given  to  tattling,S. 

CLASHMACLAVER,  ^.  Idle  discourse, 
silly  talk,  Aberd.     CUsh-ma-clater. 

CLASH-MARKET,  s.  A  tattler;  one  who 
is  much  given  to  gossiping ;  q.  one  who 
keeps  a  market  for  clashes,  Loth. 

CLASH-PI ET,  s.  A  tell-tale,  Aberd.  Ap- 
parently from  the  chattering  propensity 
of  the  magpie,  as  for  this  reason  the  La- 
tins applied  to  it  the  epithet  garrulus. 

CLASPS,  s.  pi.  An  inflammation  of  the 
termination  of  the  sublingual  gland;  a 
disease  of  horses,  Border.     Watson. 

CLAT,  s.  Used  as  syn.  with  clod.  Z.  Boyd. 
— Teut.  klotte,  kluyte,  id.,  gleba,  massa. 

To  CLAT,  Claut,  t.  a.  1 .  To  rake  together 
dirt  or  mire,  S.  2.  To  rake  together,  in 
a  general  sense,  S. — Su.G.  kladd,  filth.  3. 
To  scrape ;  to  scratch  any  thing  together. 
Burns.  4.  To  accumulate  by  griping,  or 
by  extortion,  S.     Trials  31.  Lyndsay. 

CLAT,  Claut,  s.  1 .  An  instrument  for  rak- 
ing together  dirt  or  mire,  S.  2.  A  hoe,  as 
employed  in  the  labours  of  husbandry,  S. 
3.  The  act  of  raking  together,  as  applied 
to  property.  4.  What  is  scraped  together 
by  niggardliness,  S.  Burns.  5.  What  is 
scraped  together  in  whatever  way  ;  often 
applied  to  the  heaps  of  mire  collected  on 
a  street,  S.     Bob  Boy. 

CLATCH,  s.  A  sudden  grasp  at  any  object, 
Fife  ;  synon.  C'laucht,  S. 

CLATCH,  s.  The  noise  caused  by  the  fall  of 
something  heavy,  Ettr.  For. — Teut.  klets, 
kletse,  ictus  resonans,  klets-en,  resono  ictu 

To  CLATCH,  r.  a.  1.  To  daub  with  lime, 
S. ;  Harle,  synon.  2.  To  close  up  with 
any  adhesive  substance. — Isl.  kleose,  kleste, 
lino,  oblino. 

CLATCH,  s.  Any  thing  thrown  for  the  pur- 
pose of  daubing. — Isl.  klessa,  any  thing 
that  bedaubs. 

To  CLATCH,  Sklatch,  v.  a.  To  finish  any 
piece  of  workmanship  in  a  careless  and 
hurried  way,  without  regard  to  the  rules  of 
art,  S. — Isl.  k/as-a,  to  patch  up,  centones 
consuere,  to  cobble,  Mas;  rudis  sutura. 

CLATCH,  s.  1.  Any  piece  of  mechanical 
work  done  in  a  careless  way,  S.  2.  The 
mire  raked  together  into  heaps  on  streets 
or  the  sides  of  roads ;  q.  chitted  together, 
Loth.  3.  A  dirty  woman ;  a  drab ;  as, 
"  She's  a  nasty  "  or  "  dirty  clatch,"  Perths. 
Roxb.  4.  Used  also  as  a  contemptuous  per- 
sonal designation,  especially  referring  to 
loquacity  ;  as,  "  A  claverin'  clatch,"  a  lo- 
quacious, good-for-nothing  person,  Roxb. 

CLATH,  Claith,  s.     Cloth,  S.     V.  Claith. 

CLATS,  s.  pi-  The  layers  of  Cat  and  Clay, 
South  of  S. — Allied  perhaps  to  C.B.  claicd, 
a  thin  board,  a  patch  ;  or  Isl.  klettl,  massa 

To  CLATT,  m.  a.  To  bedaub ;  to  dirty,  S. 
Clate,  to  daub,  A.Bor. 

To  CLATTER,  r.  a.  1.  To  prattle  ;  to  act 
as  a  tell-tale,  S.  Dunbar.  2.  To  be  lo- 
quacious; to  be  talkative,  S.  3.  To  chat; 
to  talk  familiarly,  S.— Teut.  kletter-n,  con- 

CLATTER,  s.  1.  An  idle  or  vague  rumour, 
S.  Hudson.  2.  Idle  talk;  frivolous  loqua- 
city, S.  J.  Nicol.  3.  Free  and  familiar 
conversation,  S.  Shirrefs.  4.  Ill  clatter, 
uncivil  language,  Aberd. 

CLATTER-BANE,  s.  "  Your  tongue  gangs 
like  the  clatter-bane  o'  a  goose's  arse  ;" 
or  "HkethecZ«iA;-6rt?i«ina  duke's  [duck's] 
backside ;"  spoken  to  people  that  talk 
much  and  to  little  purpose.  Kelly.  S  Prov. 
Both  terms  convey  the  same  idea  ;  claik- 
bane,  q.  clack-bane,  being  evidently  allied 
to  Teut.  klack-en,  verberare  resono  ictu. 

CLATTER-BANES.  Two  pieces  of  bone 
or  slate  placed  between  the  first  and  se- 
cond, or  second  and  third  fingers,  which 
are  made  to  produce  a  sharp  or  clattering 
noise,  similar  to  that  produced  by  casta- 
nets, Teviotd. — Perhaps  from  the  clatter- 
ing sound ;  or  immediately  from  Teut. 
klater,  defined  by  Kilian,  Crotalum,  Cre- 
pitaculuin,  sistrum. 

CLATTERER,s.  A  tale-bearer,  S.  Lyndsay. 

CLATTERMALLOCH,  s.  Meadow*  trefoil, 

CLATTERN,  s.  A  tattler;  a  babbler,  Loth. 

CLATTIE,  adj.  1 .  Nasty ;  dirty,  S.  Claity, 
id.,  Cumb.  Z.  Boyd.  2.  Obscene,  Clydes. 
— Su.G.  kladd,  sordes,  kladd-a  sig  ned,  se 
vestesque  suas  inquinare;  Belg.  Madd-en, 
to  daub,  kladdig,  dirty. 

CLATTILIE,  adr.  1.  Nastily,  in  a  dirty 
manner,  S.     2.  Obscenelv,  Clydes. 

CLATTINESS,  s.  1.  Nastiness,  S.  2.  Ob- 
scenity, Clydes. — Dan.  kladd-er,  to  blot, 
to  blur,  to  daub,  klad  a  blot,  a  blur,  klad- 
derie,  daubing :  Belg.  kladdegat,  a  nasty 
girl,  a  slut. 

CLAUCHANNE,  s.  A  village  in  which 
there  is  a  church.     V.  Clachan. 

To  CLAUCHER  up,  r.  n.  To  use  both  hands 
and  feet  in  rising  to  stand  or  walk,  Upp. 




To  CLAUCHER  up,  v.  a.  To  snatch  up  ; 
as,  "  He  claucherit  up  the  siller;"  he 
snatched  the  money  with  covetous  eager- 
ness: ibid.     V.  Claught,  pret. 

To  CLAUCHER  to  or  till  v.  a.  To  move  for- 
wards to  seize  an  object  of  which  the  mind 
is  more  eagerly  desirous  than  is  corre- 
spondent with  the  debilitated  state  of  the 
body,  Lanarks. 

To  CLAUCHT,  r.  a.  To  lay  hold  of  forcibly 
and  suddenly;  formed  from  the  preterite. 
Jacobite  Relics. 

CLAUCHT,  pret.  Snatched  ;  laid  hold  of 
eagerly  and  suddenly.  Douglas. — Su.G. 
klaa,  unguibus  veluti  fixis  prehendere. 
This  may  be  viewed  as  the  pret.  of  the  v. 
Cleih,  q.  v. 

CLAUCHT,  Claught,  s.  A  catch  or  seizure 
of  any  thing  in  a  sudden  and  forcible  way, 
S.     Ross. 

CLAVER,  Clauir,  s.  Clover,  S.  Douglas. 
— A.S.  claefer;  Belg.  Haver,  id.,  from 
A.S.  deaf  an,  to  cleave,  because  of  the 
remarkable  division  of  the  leaves. 

To  CLAVER,  r.  a,  1.  To  talk  idly,  or  in  a 
nonsensical  manner,  S.  Pron.  claiver. 
Ramsay.  2.  To  chat ;  to  gossip,  S.  Mo- 
rison. — Germ,  klaffer,  garrulus;Gael.  cla- 
baire,  a  babbling  fellow. 

CLAVER,  Claiver,  s.  1.  Frivolous  talk; 
prattle,  S.  Ramsay.  2.  A  vague  or  idle 
report.     The  Pirate. 

CLAVER,  s.  A  person  who  talks  foolishly, 
Roxb.;  in  other  counties  Claverer. 

CLAVERER,  s.  An  idle  talker,  S.  Rollock. 

To  CLAURT,  *.  a.     To  scrape,  Dumfr. 

CLAURT,  g.  What  is  thus  scraped,  ib.  V. 

CLAUSURE,?.  An  enclosure.  ActsJa.VI. 

To  CLAUT,  Clawt,  v.  a.  To  rake  together, 
&c.     V.  Clat,  r. 

CLAUTI-SCONE,  s.  1.  A  species  of  coarse 
bread,  made  of  oatmeal  and  yeast,  Kinross. 
2.  It  is  applied  to  a  cake  that  is  not  much 
kneaded,  but  put  to  the  fire  in  a  very  wet 
state,  Lanarks.— Teut.  lioet,  Moot,  globus, 
massa  ? 

CLAUTS,  Clatts,  Two  short  wooden 
handles,  in  which  iron  teeth  were  fixed  at 
right  angles  with  the  handles ;  used,  be- 
fore the  introduction  of  machinery,  by  the 
country  people,  in  tearing  the  wool  asun- 
der, so  as  to  fit  it  for  being  spun  on  the 
little  wheel,  Roxb. 

CLAW,  s.  A  kind  of  iron  spoon  for  scrap- 
ing the  bake-board,  Ang. — Teut.  klauw-en, 
scalpere,  klauwe,  rastrum. 

*  To  CLAW,  v.  a.  To  scratch.  This  term  is 
used  in  various  forms  which  seem  peculiar 
to  S. — "  I'll  gar  ye  claw  whar  ye  dinna 
youk,"  or  "whar  ye're  no  youkie;"  the 
language  of  threatening,  equivalent  to  "  I 
will  give  you  a  beating,"  or  "  a  blow,"  S. 
"  Ye'll  no  claw  atume  kyte;"  spoken  to  one 
who  has  eaten  a  full  meal,  S. 

To  CLAW  an  auld  man's  pow.     A  vulgar 

phrase,  signifying,  to  live  to  old  age.  It  is 
often  addressed  negatively  to  one  who 
lives  hard,  Ye'll  never  claic,  &c.  S.  Picken. 

To  CLAW  off,  v.  a.  To  eat  with  rapidity 
and  voraciousness,  S.     Herd's  Coll. 

To  CLAW  up  one's  Mittens.  V.  Mittens. 

To  CLAY,  Clay  up,  v.  a.  To  stop  a  hole 
or  chink  by  any  unctuous  or  viscous  sub- 
stance, S.     Ferguson. 

CLEADFU',  adj.  Handsome,  in  regard  to 
dress,  Buchan.     Tarras. 

CLEAN,  s.  The  secundines  of  a  cow,  S. — 
A.S.  claen,  niundus.     Hence, 

CLEANSING,  s.  The  coming  off  of  the  se- 
cundines of  a  cow,  S. — A.S.  claens-ian, 
mundare,  purgare. 

CLEAN  BREAST.  To  mak  a  clean  breast 
of.  1.  To  make  a  full  and  ingenuous  con- 
fession, S.  St.  Ronan.  2.  To  tell  one's 
mind  roundly,  S.     The  Entail. 

CLEAN-FUNG,  adv.  Cleverly,  Shirrefs.— 
Isl.foeng  is  rendered,  facultates. 

*  CLEAR,  adj.  1  Certain;  assured;  confident; 
positive,  Aberd.;  clair  synon.,  Ang.  2.  De- 
termined, decided,  resolute,  Aberd. 

CLEAR,  adv.  Certainly;  used  in  affirma- 
tion, ibid. 

CLEAR-LOWING,  adj.  Brightly  burn- 
ing, S.     Lights  and  Shadows.     V.  Low. 

CLEARY,  s.  Apparently,  sharp  or  shrill 
sound.     Jacobite  Relics. 

CLEARINGS,  s.  pi.  A  beating.  V.  under 
Clair,  v. 

CLEAVING,  s.  The  division  in  the  human 
body  from  the  os  pubis  downwards,  S. 
Ramsay. — Isl.  ktof,  femorum  intercapedo. 
V.  Clof. 

To  CLECK,  r.  a.    To  hatch.  V.  Clek. 

CLECKER,  s.     A  hatcher,  S.    V.  Clek. 

CLECKIN,  s.  1.  A  brood  of  chickens,  S. 
2.  Metaph.  a  family  of  children,  S. 

CLECKINBORD,  Cleckenbrod,  s.  A  board 
for  striking  with  at  hand-ball,  Loth.  Baw- 
brod,  i.  e.,  ball-board,  synon. — Isl.  klecke, 
leviter  verbero. 

CLECKIN-TIME,  s.  1.  Properly,  the  time 
of  hatching,  as  applied  to  birds,  S.  2.  The 
time  of  birth,  as  transferred  to  man,  S. 
Guy  Mannerinq. 

CLECKIN-STANE,  s.  Any  stone  that  se- 
parates into  small  parts  by  exposure  to 
the  atmosphere,  Roxb. — Germ,  kleck-en, 
agere  rimas,  hiare. 

CLED  SCORE,  A  phrase  signifying  twenty- 
one  in  number,  S.  Stat.  Ace.  Q.  clothed 
with  one  in  addition. 

To  CLEED,  Cleith,  v.  a.  1.  To  clothe,  S. 
Bums.  2.  Metaph.  applied  to  foliage. 
Ferguson.  3.  Used  obliquely,  to  denote 
the  putting  on  of  armour.  Acts  Mary. 
4.  To  seek  protection  from.  Spalding, 
o.  To  heap.  A  cled  bow,  the  measure  of 
a  boll  heaped,  Roxb.     V.  Cled  Score. 

CLED  with  a  husband,  married  ;  a  forensic 
phrase.  Cled  with  a  richt,  legally  possess- 
ing a  title,  vested  with  it.    Balf.  Pract, 




— Isl.  Su.G.  klaed-a ;  Germ,  kleid-en  ; 
Belg.  Meed-en  ;  Dan.  klaed-er,  to  clothe. 

CLEED,  Clead,  s.  Dress,  Buchan.  Tarras. 
V.  Cleeding. 

CLEEDING,  Cleading,  .«.  1.  Clothing; 
apparel,  S.  Ramsay.  2.  A  complete  suit 
of  clothes,  Clydes. — Germ.  kleidung,  id. 

CLEEKY,.«.  A  cant  term  for  a  staff' or  stick, 
crooked  at  the  top,  Loth.     Blacktt:  Mai/. 

CLEEPIE,  Cleepv,  s.  1.  A  severe  blow  ; 
properly  including  the  idea  of  the  contu- 
sion caused  by  such  a  blow,  or  by  a  fall, 
Tweedd.,  Ang.  2.  A  stroke  on  the  head, 
Orkn. — Isl.  klyp-ur,  duriore  compressione 
laedit,  ut  livor  iude  existat.  V.  Clype, 
to  fall. 

CLEETIT,  part.  pa.  Emaciated  ;  lank  ;  in 
a  state  of  decay,  Lanarks. 

CLEG,  Gleg,  s.  A  gad-fly;  a  horse-fly.  It 
is  pronounced  gleg,  S.B.  ;  cleg,  Clydes., 
A.Bor.,  id.  Hudson. — Dan.  klaeg,  id.,  ta- 

CLEG-STUNG,a^/.  Stung  by  the  gad-flv,  S. 

CLEIDACH,s.    Talk.    V.  Cleitach. 

CLEIK,  adj.  Lively;  agile;  fleet,  Loth. 
V.  Cleuch,  adj. 

To  CLEIK,  Clek,  Cleek,  r.  a.  1.  To  catch 
as  by  a  hook,  S.  Ramsay.  2.  To  lay  hold 
of,  after  the  manner  of  a  hook,  S.  3.  To 
seize,  in  whatever  way,  whether  by  force 
or  by  fraud,  S.  Lyndsay.  4.  To  cleik  tip, 
to  snatch  or  pull  up  hastily,  S.  5.  To 
cleik  up,  obliquely  used,  to  raise ;  applied 
to  a  song.  Pehlis  to  the  Play. — Isl.  Meik- 
ia,  to  bind  with  chains.  To  click  up,  to 
snatch  up. 

CLEIK,  Clek,  s.  1.  An  iron  hook.  Acts 
Ja.  I.  2.  A  hold  of  any  object,  S.  3.  The 
arm,  metaph.  used.  A.Nicol. — Isl.  klakr, 
ansa  clitellarum,  hleck-r,  an  iron  chain. 

CLEIKY,  adj.  Ready  to  take  the  advan- 
tage ;  inclined  to  circumvent,  S.  Rem. 
Nithsdale  Song. 

CLEIK-IN-THE-BACK,  s.  The  lumbago 
or  rheumatism,  Teviotd.;  q.  what  takes 
hold  of  one  as  a  hook  does. 

To  CLEIK  THE  CUNYIE.  A  vulgar 
phrase,  signifying,  to  lay  hold  on  the  mo- 
ney, S.     Wavcrley. 

CLEIKS,  s.  pi.  A  cramp  in  the  legs,  to 
which  horses  are  subject.    Montgomerie. 

CLEYNG,  Perhaps  a  dark  substance.  Sir 
Gawan  and  Sir  Gal. 

To  CLEISH,  r.  a.  To  whip,  Roxb.;  synon. 
Skelp.  Clash,  Fife,  Loth.— Hence,  it  is 
supposed,  the  fictitious  name  of  the  author 
of  the  Tales  of  my  Landlord,  Jedidiah 
Cleishhotha.m,q.  flog-bottom. — Teut.  klets- 
en,  resono  ictu  verberare. 

CLEISH,  s.     A  lash  from  a  whip,  ibid. 

CLEFT,.*.  A  cot-house;  Aberd.  Reg.— Gael. 
death,  a  wattled  work  ;  cleite,  a  penthouse. 

To  CLEITACH,  Clytacii,  Clydich,  (gutt,) 
v.n.  1.  To  talk  in  a  strange  language; 
particularly  applied  to  people  discoursing 
in  Gaelic,  Aberd.  2.  To  talk  inarticulately, 

to  chatter ;  applied  to  the  indistinct  jar- 
gon uttered  by  a  child,  when  beginning  to 
speak, Aberd. 

CLEITACH,  Cleidach,  s.  Talk,  discourse ; 
especially  used  as  above,  ibid. — "Cleidach, 
discourse  of  any  kind ;  particularly  ap- 
plied to  the  Gaelic  language."  Gl.  Shir- 
refs. — This  word  is  undoubtedly  Gothic  ; 
Isl.  klida  conveys  an  idea  perfectly  ana- 

CLEITCH,  Cleite,  s.  A  hard  or  heavy  fall, 
Ettr.  For.;  synon.  Cloit. — For  etymon  see 
Clatch,  s. 

To  CLEK,  Cleke,  r.  a.  1.  To  hatch;  to  pro- 
duce young  by  incubation,  S.    Bellenden. 

2.  To  bear ;  to  bring  forth,  S.     Douglas. 

3.  To  hatch,  as  applied  to  the  mind,  S. 
Ramsay.  4.  To  feign.  Maitland  Poems. 
— Su.G.  klaeck-a;  Isl.  klek-ia,  excludere 

CLEKANE-WITTIT,  adj.  Apparently, 
feeble-minded  ;  childish ;  having  no  more 
witthana  chicken  when  clecket,  or  hatched. 
— Isl.  klok-r,  however,  signifies  mollis,  in- 

CLEKET,  s.  The  tricker  of  an  engine. 
Barbour.  —  E.  clicket,  the  knocker  of  a 
door ;  Fr.  cliquet,  id. 

CLEM,  adj.  1.  Mean;  low;  scurvy;  as,  « 
clem  man;  a  paltry  fellow,  Loth.  2.  Not 
trustworthy  ;  unprincipled,  Roxb.  3. 
Used  by  the  High-School  boys  of  Edin- 
burgh in  the  sense  of  curious,  singular ; 
a  clem  fellow;  a  queer  fish. — Isl.  kleima, 
macula  ;  kleim-a,  maculare  ;  q.  having  a 
character  that  lies  under  a  stain.  V.  Clam. 

To  CLEM,  v.  a.  1.  To  stop  a  hole  by  com- 
pressing, S.  2.  To  stop  a  hole  by  means 
of  lime,  clay,  &c. ;  also  to  clem  up,  S. — 
A.S.  cleam-ian,  id. 

CLEMEL,Clemmel,s.  Expl. steatite, Orkn. 
"  A  soft  stone,  commonly  named  Clemel, 
and  fit  for  moulds,  is  also  among  those 
which  this  island  affords."  P.  Unst,Stat. 

CLEMIE,  ?.     Abbrev.  of  Clementina,  S. 

To  CLENCH,  r.  n.  To  limp  ;  the  same  with 
(  7  (*  n  ch .     Mesto  n  's  Poems. 

CLENCHIE-FIT,  s.  A  club-foot,  Mearns. 

CLENGAR,  s.  One  employed  to  use  means 
for  the  recovery  of  those  affected  with 
the  plague.     Aberd.  Reg. 

To  CLENGE,  r.  a.  1 .  Literally,  to  cleanse. 
Aberd.  Reg.  2.  Legally  to  exculpate; 
to  produce  proof  of  innocence  ;  a  forensic 
term  corr.  from  the  E.  v.  to  cleanse.  Acts 
Ja.  VI. 

7oCLEP,CLEPE,r.«.  Tocall ;  to  name.  Wal- 
lace.— A.S.  cleop-an,  clyp-ian,  vocare. 

CLEP, .«.  A  more  solemn  form  of  citation, 
used  especially  in  criminal  cases.  Skene. 

To  CLEP,  r.  n.  1.  To  act  the  tell-tale,  S. 
Ramsay.  2.  To  chatter,  to  prattle  ;  es- 
pecially as  implying  the  idea  of  pertness, 
S. — Belg.  klapp-en,  to  tattle,  to  betray. 
This  term,  however,  seems  to  have  been 




of  general  use,  as  common  to  Goths  and 
Celts.  For  C.B.  clep-ian  signifies  to  bab- 
ble, and  clepai,  also  clepiwr,  a  talkative 
gossip,  a  babbler.    Owen. 

CLEP,  s.  Tattle;  pert  loquacity,  S. — Belg. 
ydele  Map,  idle  chat. 

CLEPIE,  s.  A  tattler,  generally  applied  to 
a  female  ;  as, "  She's  a  clever  lass,  but  a 
great  clepie"  Teviotd. — This  is  merely 
Teut.  klappeye,  garrula,  lingulaca,  mulier 
dicax.    Kilian. 

CLERGY.     V.  Clargie. 

To  CLERK,  Clark,  v.  n.  1 .  To  act  as  a 
clerk  or  amanuensis  to  another,  S.  2.  To 
compose,  S.     Bob  Boy. 

CLERK-PLAYIS,  s.  pi  Properly,  those 
theatrical  representations  the  subjects  of 
which  were  borrowed  from  Scripture. 

CLET,  Clett,  s.  A  rock  or  cliff  in  the  sea, 
broken  off  from  the  adjoining  rocks  on 
the  shore,  Caithn.  Brand's  Orkn.  <|-  Zetl. 
— Isl.  klett-ur,  rupes  mari  imminens. 

CLEUCH,  Cleugh,  (gutt.)  s.  1 .  A  preci- 
pice; a  rugged  ascent,  S.B.  Heuch,  synon. 
Wallace. — Ir.  cloiche,  a  rock.  2.  A  strait 
hollow  between  precipitous  banks,  or  a 
hollow  descent  on  the  side  of  a  hill,  S. 
Evergreen. — A.S.  dough,  rima  quaedam 
vel  fissura  ad  montis  clivum  vel  declivum. 

CLEUCH,  adj.  1.  Clever;  dexterous;  light- 
fingered,  S.B.  2.  Niggardly  and  severe 
in  dealing,  S.B. —  Isl.  klok-r,  callidus, 
vafer  ;  Germ.  Mug,  id. 

CLEUCK,Cluke,Cluik,Clook,s.  1.  Aclaw 
or  talon.  Lyndsay.  2.  Often  used  in 
the  pi.  as  synon.  with  E.  clutches.  Scots 
Presb.Eloq.  3.  Used  figuratively  for  the 
hand.  Hence  cair-cleuck,  the  left  hand, 
S.B.  Morison. — Perhaps  a  dimin.  from 
Su.G.  klo,  Teut.  klauwe,  a  claw  or  talon. 

To  CLEUCK,  Cleuk,  r.  a,  1.  Properly, 
to  seize,  or  to  scratch  with  the  claws  ;  as, 
"  The  cat'll  clenck  ye,  an'  ye  dinna  take 
care,"  Aberd.  2.  To  gripe,  to  seize  with 
violence,  Aberd.  Forbes. 

CLEUE  and  LAW,  Higher  and  lower  part. 
Barbour. — Cleue  seems  to  be  the  same 
with  Germ.  Mere,  A.S.  clif,  clivus. 

To  CLEVER,  r.  n.  To  climb ;  to  scramble. 
A.Bor.  id.  King'sQuair. — Teut. Maver-en, 
klerer-en,  sursum  reptareunguibus  fixis  ; 
Isl.  klifr-a,  id. 

CLEVERUS,  adj.    Clever.  V.  Cleuch. 

CLEVIS,  Leg.  clevir,  i.e.,  clover.  Maitland 

CLEVKKIS,  Cloaks,  mantles. 

*  CLEW,  s.  A  ball  of  thread.  Winding  the 
blue  clue,  one  of  the  rites  used  at  Hallow- 
mas, in  order  to  obtain  insight  into  one's 
future  matrimonial  lot,  S.  "  Steal  out,  all 
alone,  to  the  kiln,  and,  darkling,  throw 
into  the  pot  a  due  of  blue  yarn  ;  wind  it 
in  a  new  clue  off  the  old  one  ;  and,  to- 
wards the  latter  end,  something  will  hold  | 
the  thread  ;  demand,   Wha  hands?  i.e.,  \ 

who  holds  ?  and  an  answer  will  be  returned 
from  the  kiln-pot,  by  naming  the  Chris- 
tian [name]  and  surname  of  your  future 
spouse."    Burns. 

To  CLEW,  v.  n.  To  cleave  ;  to  fasten. 
Wyntown. — Teut.  klec-eu, id. 

CLE  WIS,  Claws;  talons.  Douglas. 
V.  Cleuck. 

CLIBBER,  Clubber,  s.  A  wooden  saddle; 
a  packsaddle,  Caithn.  Orkn.  Statist  Ace. 
— Isl.  klifberi,  clitellae,  from  klif,  fascis, 
sarcina,  and  beri,  portator,  bearer. 

CLICHEN,  Cleigiiin,  (gutt.)s.  Something, 
comparatively  speaking,  very  light,  Te- 
viotd.— This  seems  to  be  merely  Teut.  kleye, 
hlvje,  Su.G.  Mi,  furfur,  palea,  bran,  chaff. 

CLICK-CLACK,  s.  Uninterrupted  loqua- 
city, S.  From  E.  click  and  clack,  both 
expressive  of  a  sharp  successive  noise  ;  or 
Teut.  klick-en,  crepitare,  Mack-en,  ver- 
berare  resono  ictu. 

To  CLYDIGH,r.  n.  To  talk  inarticulately, 
to  chatter.  V.  Cleitach. 

CLIDYOCH,  Clydvoch,s.  The  gravel-bed 
of  a  river,Dumfr. — CeH.cleddiwig,  astone 
quarry,  lapicidina  ;  or  bedded  with  stones 
like  a  quarry. 

CLYERS,  s.  pi.  A  disease  affecting  the 
throat  of  a  cow,  Dumfr. — Teut.  kliere  not 
only  signifies  a  gland,  but  a  disease  of  the 
glands.     Agr.  Sure.  Dumfr.     V.  Clyre. 

CLYFT,  Clifte,  s.  This  term,  the  same 
with  E.  cleft,  may  be  used  as  equivalent 
to  thickness.     Acts  J  a.  III. 

CL1FT,  s.  The  place  where  the  limbs  se- 
parate from  the  body,  Aberd.  ;  Clearing, 
synon. — From  A.S.  cleofed,  chafed,  cleft, 
the  part.  pa.  of  cleof-ian,  cleof-ian,  fin- 

CLIFT,  s.  A  spot  of  ground,  S.— A.S.  cloif- 
an,  to  cleave,  because  parted  from  the 

CLIFTY,  adj.  Clever,  fleet  ;  applied  to  a 
horse  of  a  light  make  that  has  good  action, 
Selkirks. — Probably  from  Teut.  klyv-en, 
A.S.  clif-ian,  cleof-ian,  findere  ;  as  its 
fleetness  may  be  attributed  to  its  length 
of  limb. 

CLIFTIE,  adj.  Applied  to  fuel  which  is 
easily  kindled  and  burns  briskly,  Clydes. 

CLIFTINESS,  s.  The  quality  of  being 
easily  kindled,  including  that  of  burning 
brightly,  ibid. — Perhaps  from  A.S.  Mi/ft  a 
fissure  ;  because  what  is  easily  cloven,  or 
has  many  fissures,  is  more  apt  to  kindle 
and  blaze  than  solid  wood. 

To  CLIMP,  v.  a.  To  hook,  to  take  hold  of 
suddenly  ;  as,  "  He  climpit  his  arm  in 
mine,"  Fife. — Teut.  klamp-en,  harpagine 

To  CLIMP  up,  r.  a.  To  catch  up  by  a  quick 
movement,  Fife.     Hence, 

CLIMPY,  adj.  A  climpy  creature,  applied 
to  one  disposed  to  purloin,  ibid. 

To  CLIMP,  v.  n.  To  limp,  to  halt,  Ettr. 





To  CLINCH,  Cltnsch,  v.  n.  To  limp,  S. 
Douglas. — Su.G.  link-a,  elaudicare. 

CLINCH,  s.  A  halt,  S.  A.  Wilson's  Poems. 

*  To  CLING,  v.  n.  To  shrink  in  conse- 
quence of  heat  ;  a  term  applied  to  vessels 
made  with  staves,  when  the  staves  sepa- 
rate from  each  other,  S.  Geizen,  synon.— 
A.S.  clingan,  marcescere. 

CLING,  s.  The  diarrhoea  in  sheep,  Loth. 
Roxb. — Perhaps  from  A.S.  cling-an,  mar- 
cescere, "  to  pine,  to  cling  or  shrink  up." 

To  CLINK,  v.  a.  1.  To  beat  smartly,  to 
strike  with  smart  blows,  Aberd. — Teut. 
klincke,  alapa,  colaphus.  2.  To  unite  two 
pieces  of  metal  by  hammering,  S.  Dan. 
klink-er,  id.  from  klinke  lamina.  3.  To 
clasp,  Aberd.  Turrets.  4.  Used  im- 
properly, as  signifying  to  mend,  patch  or 
join  ;  in  reference  to  dress,  Ang.  Boss's 
Bock,  &c.  V.  Benew.  5.  To  clink  a 
nail,  "  to  bend  the  point  of  a  nail  on  the 
other  side  ;"  synon.  with  E.  clinch.  Belg. 
klink-en,  "  to  fasten  with  nails,  to  clinch," 

CLINK,  ?.  A  smart  stroke  or  blow,  S. 
Hamilton.  —  Teut.  klincke,  id.  ;  alapa, 

CLINK, s.  Money;  acantterm,S.  Burns. — 
From  the  sound  ;  Teut.  klinck-en,  tinnire. 

CLINK,  s.  A  woman  who  acts  the  part  of 
a  tale-bearer,  Lanarks. 

To  CLINK,  r.  a.  A  term  denoting  alertness 
in  manual  operation,  S. 

To  CLINK,  t.  a.  To  propagate  scandal, 
Upp.  Lanarks. 

To  CLINK,  r.  n.  To  fly  as  a  rumour.  B 
gaed  clinkin  through  the  town,  S.;  the  re- 
port spread  rapidly. 

To  CLINK  ON,  t.  a.  To  clap  on.  Bamsay. 

To  CLINK  up,  r.  a.  To  seize  any  object 
quickly  and  forcibly,  S.— If  not  radically 
the  same  with  the  v.  cleik,  with  n  inserted, 
allied  perhaps  to  Dan.  lencke,  a  chain,  a 
link,  q.  gelencke. 

CLINKER,  s.  A  tell-tale,  Lanarks.— I  hesi- 
tate whether  to  view  Belg.  klink-en,  to 
make  a  tingling  sound  as  the  origin. 
The  n.  v.  seems  intimately  allied.  Klikk- 
en,  however,  signifies  to  tell  again,  and 
klikkcr,  an  informer,  Sewel. 

CLINKERS,  s.  pi.  Broken  pieces  of  rock  ; 
Upp.  Lanarks.;  apparently  from  the  sound. 

CLINKET,  pret.  "  Struck  ;"  Gl.  Antiq. 
South  of  S. 

CLINK-NAIL,  s.  A  nail  that  is  clinched, 

CLINKUMBELL,  s.  A  cant  term  for  a 
bellman  ;  from  the  clinking  noise  he 
makes,  S.O.  Bums. 

CLINT,  s.  1.  A  hard  or  flinty  rock.  Gl.  Sibb. 
"  Clints.  Crevices  amongst  bare  lime- 
stone rocks,  North."  Gl.  Grose.  2.  Any 
pretty  large  stone,  of  a  hard  kind,  S.A. 
3.  The  designation  given  to  a  rough  coarse 
stone,  always  first  thrown  off  in  curling, 

as  being  most  likely  to  keep  its  place  on 
the  ice,  Clydes.  Gall.  4.  Clints,  pi.  Limit- 
ed to  the  shelves  at  the  side  of  a  river. 

CLINTER,  g.  The  player  of  a  dint  in  curl- 
ing, Clydes. 

CLINTY,  CiA\\TY,«rf/.  Stony,  Loth.  Dou- 
glas.— Su.G.  klint,  scopulus. 

CLIP,*?.  1.  An  appellation  probably  bor- 
rowed from  a  sheep  newly  shorn  or  clip- 
ped, '  Evergreen.  2.  A  colt,  the  male  or 
female  foal  of  a  mare  ;  Aberd.  A  colt 
that  is  a  year  old.  Buchan. — Gael,  clio- 
bog  denotes  a  colt,  from  which  clip  might 
be  abbreviated  ;  and  Teut.  klepper,  is  a 
palfrey,  an  ambling  horse. 

To  CLIP,  Clyp,  t.  a.  1.  To  embrace.  King's 
Quair.  2.  To  lay  hold  of  in  a  forcible 
manner.  Douglas.  3.  To  grapple  in  a  sea- 
fight.  Wallace. — A.S.  clipp-an,  clypp- 
ian,  to  embrace. 

To  CLYPE,  v.  n.  To  fall,  Buchan,  Mearns. 
Tarras. — Perhaps  from  Hipp-en,  sonare, 
resonare.  Cloit,  or  Clyte,  is  the  term  more 
generally  used,  S. 

CLYPE,  s.     A  fall,  ibid. 

To  CLYPE,  r.  n.  To  act  as  a  drudge, 
Aberd. — Isl.  klif-ia,  sarcinas  imponere; 
q. to  make  a  beast  of  burden  of  one  ; 
klip-a,  torquere,  klipa,  angustiae. 

CLYPE,  s.  A  drudge,  Aberd. 

CLYPE,  s.  An  ugly  ill-shaped  fellow  ;  as, 
"  Ye're  an  ill-far'd  clype,"  Mearns,  Buchan. 
— Isl.  klippi,  massa,  synon.  with  Dan. 
Mump,  with  which  corresponds  our  S. 
clump,  applied  to  a  clumsy  fellow. 

To  CLYPE,  r.  n.  1.  To  be  loquacious;  to 
tattle;  to  prate,  Roxb.  Aberd.  Ayrs.  2. 
To  act  as  a  tell-tale,  Aberd.  "  To  clype, 
i.e.  talk  freely, "  Ayrs.  Gl.  Surv.  p.  691. 
The  same  with  clep,  but  more  nearly  re- 
sembling A.S.  clyp-ian,  loqui.     Hence, 

CLYPE,  s.  A  tell-tale,  Loth.  Always  ap- 
plied to  a  female,  Clydes. 

CLYPER,  s.  A  tell-tale;  used  more  gener- 
ally, as  applied  to  either  sex,  Clydes. 

CLIPFAST,s.  "An  impudent  girl."  Ayrs. 
Gl.  Surv.  p.  691. 

CLIPHOUSS,  s.  A  house  in  which  false 
money  was  to  be  condemned  and  clipped, 
that  it  might  be  no  longer  current.  Acts 
Ja.  VI. 

CLYPIE,  s.  A  loquacious  female,  Clydes. 
V.  Clippie,  and  Clepie. 

CLYPIE,  adj.  1.  Loquacious,  Loth.  2. 
Addicted  to  tattling,  ibid.  V.  Clep,  r. 

CLYPOCK,  s.  A  fall.  Bse  gVe  thee  a  cly- 
pock,  I  will  make  you  fall,  Ayrs.  Y. 

CLIPPART,  s.  A  talkative  woman.  V. 

CLIPPIE,  s.  A  talkative  woman,  S.  Gl. 
Sibb.— From  Teut.  kleps,  dicax,  or  the  E. 
v.  clip. 

CLIPP  YNET,  s.  1 .  "  An  impudent  girl." 
Ayrs.  Gl.  Surv.  2.  A  talkative  woman  ; 
synon.  with  Clippie,  Lanarks. — It  may  be 




observed,  that  this  nearly  resembles  Teut. 
kleppenter,  crotalus,  homo  loquax,  sonora 
admodum  et  tinnula  voce  pronuncians  ; 

CLIPPING-TIME,  t.  The  nick  of  time, 
S.  Antiquary. 

CLIPPS,Clippes,s.  Aneclipse.  Ban. Poems. 

CLIPS,  pres.  t.  Suffers  an  eclipse.  Com- 
pldynt  Scot. 

CLIPS,  s.  pi.   Stories;  falsehoods,  Ayrs. 

CLIPS,  Clippys, s.  pi.  1.  Grappling-irons, 
used  in  a  sea-fight.  Wallace.  2.  An 
instrument  for  lifting  a  pot  by  its  ears, 
S.  ;  or  for  carrying  a  barrel.  Ramsay. 
It  is  also  used  in  relation  to  a  qirdle.  3. 
Hooks  for  catching  hold  of  fish,'S.B.  Stat. 
Ace.  4.  "  A  wooden  instrument  for  pull- 
ing thistles  out  of  standing  corn,  Ayrs. 
Gl.  Picken. 

CLIPS,  s.  pi.  "Shears;"  Gl.  Burns,  S.O.— 
Isl.  klipp-ur,  id., forfices,  klipp-a,  tondere. 

CLIP-SHEARS,  s.  The  name  given  to  the 
ear-wig,  Loth.  Fife  ;  apparently  from 
the  form  of  its  feelers,  as  having  some 
resemblance  to  a  pair  of  shears  or  scissors. 

CLYRE,  s.  1.  "A  clyre  in  meat,"  a  gland, 
S.  Teut.  kliere,  id.  2.  To  leave  no  klyres 
in  one's  breast,"  to  go  to  the  bottom  of 
any  quarrel  or  grudge,  S.  "  He  has  nae 
clyres  in  his  heart,"  he  is  an  honest  up- 
right man,  Clydes.  3.  Clyres  in  pi.  dis- 
eased glands  in  cattle.  V.  Clyers. 

CLYRED,  adj.  Having  tumours  in  the 
flesh.     Cleland. 

To  CLISH,  v.  a.  Expl.  as  signifying  to  re- 
peat an  idle  story,  Fife.  Heuce, 

CLISH-CLASH,  s.  Idle  discourse,  bandied 
backwards  and  forwards,  S.  Apparently  a 
reduplication  of  clash,  q.  v. 

CLISH-MA-CLAVER,  s.  Idle  discourse, 
silly  talk,  S.  ;  a  low  word.  Ramsay. 

To  CLISHMACLAVER,  r.  n.  To  be  en- 
gaged in  idle  discourse,  Ayrs.  Gait. 

CLYTE,  Klyte,  adj.    Splay-footed,  Roxb. 

To  CLYTE,  v.  n.  To  fall  heavily,  Loth. 

CLYTE,  g.  A  hard  or  heavy  fall,  ibid. 

CLYTIE,  8.  A  diminutive  from  Clyte,  gen- 
erally applied  to  the  fall  of  a  child,  ibid. 
V.  Cloit,  v.  and  s. 

CLYTRIE,  s.  Filth;  offscourings,  S. 

CLYTRIE-MAID,  .<>.  A  female  servant  em- 
ployed in  carrying  off  filth  or  refuse, 
Loth.  V.  Cloiter. 

CLITTER-CLATTER,  adv.  A  term  used 
to  denote  a  succession  of  rattling  sounds, 
Dumfr.     Mayne's  Siller  Gun. 

CLITTER-CLATTER,  s.  Idle  talk,  ban- 
died backwards  and  forwards,  S.  Cleland. 
V.  Clatter,  s.  and  v. 

CLIVACE,  s.  A  hook  for  catching  the 
bucket  in  which  coals  are  drawn  up  from 
the  pit,  Loth. 

CLIVVIE,  s.  1.  A  cleft  in  the  branch  of  a 
tree,  Banffs.  2.  An  artificial  cleft  in  a 
piece  of  wood,  for  holding  a  rush-light,ibid. 
— Evidently  from  Su.G.  klifw-a,  to  cleave. 

CLOA,  5.  Coarse  woollen  cloth,  Isle  of  Sky. 
Stat.  Ace. — Gael,  do,  raw  cloth. 

CLOBBERHOY,  s.  A  dirty  walker,  one 
who  in  walking  clogs  himself  with  mire, 
Ayrs. — Gael,  clabar,  clay,  dirt,  filth. 

CLOCE.  V.  Close. 

To  CLOCH,  Clogh,  Clocgh, (gutt.)  c.n.  To 
cough  frequently  and  feebly,  Loth.  ;  ob- 
viously from  acommon  origin  with  Clocher. 

CLOCHARET,  L  The  Stouechatter,  S. 
Motacilla  rubicola,  Linn.  Statist.  Ace. — 
Gael,  cloichran,  id.,  from  cloich,  a  stone, 
and  perhaps  rann,  a  song. 
1  To  CLOCHER,  {gutt.)  r.  n.  To  cough  fre- 
quently, with  a  large  defluxion  of  phlegm, 
and  copious  expectoration,  S.  —  Gael. 
clochar,  wheezing  in  the  throat.  Shaic. 

To  CLOCK,  Clok,  v.  n.  1.  To  cluck,  to  call 
chickens  together.  Douglas. — A.S.  clocc- 
an,  Teut.  klock-en,  glocire.  2.  To  hatch, 
to  sit  on  eggs,  S.  Kelly. 

CLOCK,  Cluck,  s.  The  cry  or  noise  made 
by  hens  when  they  wish  to  sit  on  eggs,  for 
the  purpose  of  hatching,  Roxb. 

*  CLOCK,  s.  This  may  be  viewed  as  the 
generic  name  for  the  different  species  of 
beetles,  S.  Golach,  synon.  S.B. — Sw. 
klock-a,  an  earwig. 

CLOCK-BEE,s.  A  species  of  beetle.  Fleeing 
golach,  synon. 

CLOCKER,  s.  A  hen  sitting  on  eggs,  S.B. 

CLOCKIEDOW,  Clokie-Doo,  ?.  The  pearl- 
oyster,  found  in  rivers,  Ayrs.  Upp.  Clydes. 
Synon.  Horse-mussel. 

CLOCKING,  s.  1.  The  act  of  hatching,  S. 
2.  Transferred  to  a  young  female,  who  is 
light-headed,  and  rather  wanton  in  her 
carriage.  Of  such  a  one  it  is  sometimes 
said,  "  It  were  an  amows  to  gie  her  a 
gude  doukin'  in  the  water,  to  put  the 
clockin'  frae  her,"  Angus. 

CLOCKING-HEN,  ?.  1.  A  hen  sitting  on 
eggs,  S.  A.Bor.  id.  Expl.  by  Grose,  "  a 
hen  desirous  of  sitting  to  hatch  her  eggs." 
Clucking  is  also  used  in  the  same  sense, 
A.Bor.  2.  A  cant  phrase  for  a  woman  past 
the  time  of  childbearing,  S. 

CLOCKLEDDIE,  s.  The  Lady-bird,  S.O. 
V.  Landers. 

CLOCKS,  Clocks,  s.  pi.  The  refuse  of 
grain,  remaining  in  the  riddle  after  sifting, 
Roxb.  —  Isl.  kluka,  cumulus  minor;  the 
term  being  applied  to  the  small  heap  of 
coarse  grain  left  in  the  centre  of  the  riddle 
in  the  process  of  sifting. 

CLOCKSIE,  adj.  Vivacious,  Lanarks.— 
Teut.  kloeck,  kloeck-sinnig,  alacris,  kluch- 
tigh,  festivus,  lepidus. 

CLOD,  I.  A  clew ;  as,  "  a  clod  of  yarn,"' 
Dumfr. — Isl.  kloet,  globus,  sphaera. 

*To  CLOD,  r.  a.  In  E.this  v.  signifies  "  to 
pelt  with  clods,"  Johns.  In  the  South  of 
S.  it  signifies  to  throw  forcibly,  most  pro- 
bably as  one  throws  a  clod.   Guy  MaiiHer. 

To  CLOD,  r.  a.  To  Clod  Land,  to  free  it 
from  clods,  S. 




CLOD,  s.  A  flat  kind  of  loaf,  made  of  coarse 
wheaten  flour,  and  sometimes  of  the  flour 
of  peas,  S.  Skirrefs.  Qu.  resembling  a  clod 
of  earth. 

CLODS,  s.  pi.  Small  raised  loaves,  baked  of 
coarse  flour,  of  which  three  were  sold  for 
five  farthings. — They  have  disappeared 
with  the  Luggct  rows,  Loth. 

Sutors'  Clods.  A  kind  of  coarse,  brown 
wheaten  bread,  used  in  Selkirk,  leavened, 
and  surrounded  with  a  thick  crust,  like 
lumps  of  earth.     Lintoun  Green. 

CLOD-MELL,  s.  A  large  mallet  for  break- 
ing the  clods  of  the  field,  especially  on 
clayey  ground, before  harrowing  it,  Berw. 

CLOFF,  s.  1.  A  fissure  of  any  kind.  2. 
What  is  otherwise  S.  called  the  cleaving. 
Lyndsay. — Lat.  intercapedo.  3.  A  cleft 
between  adjacent  hills,  Loth.  4.  The 
cleft  of  a  tree,  or  that  part  of  it  where  the 
branches  separate  from  each  other,  Loth. 
— Isl.  kloff,  Su.G.  Moffwa,  a  fissure. 

CLOFFIN,  g.  The  act'of  sitting  idly  by  the 
fire,  Roxb. — Isl.  klof-a,  femora  distendere, 
q.  to  stretch  out  the  limbs  ;  or  C.B.  claf, 
aegrotus,  clwyf,  clef  yd,  morbus. 

CLOFFIN,  s.  The  noise  made  by  the  motion 
of  a  shoe  that  is  down  in  the  heel,  or  by 
the  shoe  of  a  horse  when  loose,  Roxb. 

CLOG,  Clogge,  s.  A  small, short  log;  a  short 
cut  of  a  tree;  a  thick  piece  of  timber,  S. 

CLOGGAND,  s.  A  term  still  used  in  Orkney 
to  denote  a  particular  portion  of  pasture- 
ground,  whether  commonly  or  enclosed,  to 
which  sheep  or  cattle  have  become  at- 
tached in  consequence  of  having  been  ac- 
customed to  feed  there.     Barry's  Orkn. 

CLOICH,  {gutt.)  s.  A  place  of  shelter;  the 
cavity  of  a  rock  where  one  may  elude  a 
search.  Given  as  syn.  with  Dool,  Ayrs. 
This  is  evidently  the  same  with  Clench. 

CLOIS,Cloiss,s.  A  close;  an  alley.  Ab.Reg. 

CLOIS,  s.  A  crown.  Douglas. — Teut.  klos, 

CLOYS,  s.  A  cloister.  Douglas.— Teut. 
kluyse,  clausura,  locus  clausus,  L.B.  clusa. 

CLOIT,  s.  A  clown,  a  stupid  inactive  fel- 
low, S.  —  Teut.  kloete,  homo  obtusus, 

To  CLOIT,  r.  n.  1.  To  fall  heavily,  S. 
Hamilton.  2.  To  squat  down,  Galloway. 
"  Cloited,  squatted  down,  sat  down  ;"  Gl. 
Davidson. — Belg.  Mots-en,  to  beat  with 

CLOIT,  Cloyt,  s.     A  hard  or  heavy  fall,  S. 

CLOYT,  s.  "  A  heavy  burden,"  Ayrs.  Gl. 
Surv. — Teut.  kloet,  globus,  contus,  hasta 
nautica,  kluyte,  gleba,  massa,  clud,  vec- 
tura,  sarcina. 

CLOIT,  s.  An  afternoon's  nap ;  a  siesta, 
Renfr. — Gael.  Ir.  colladh,  sleep,  rest. 

To  CLOITER,  v.  n.  To  be  engaged  in  dirty 
work ;  used  equally  in  regard  to  what  is 
moist,  S.  —  Teut.  Madder-en,  maculare. 
V.  Clowtter,  and  Clytrie. 

CLOITERY,  s.  1.  Work  which  is  not  only 
wet  and  nasty,  but  slimy,  Loth.  Mearns. 
2.  Filth  or  offals  of  whatever  kind;  gener- 
ally conveying  the  idea  of  what  is  moist, 
or  tends  to  defile  one,  S.     Hence, 

CLOITERY-MARKET,  s.  The  market  in 
Edinburgh  in  which  the  offals  of  animals 
are  sold. 

CLOITERY-WIFE,  s.  A  woman,  whose 
work  it  is  to  remove  filth  or  refuse ;  who 
cleans  and  sells  offals,  as  tripe,  &c,  Loth. 
V.  Clytrie. 

To  CLOK,  v.  n.    To  cluck.  V.  Clock. 

CLOLLE,  s.  Apparently,  skull.  Sir  Gawan 
and  Sir  Gal.  "  Clol,  the  crown  of  the 
head,  the  skull,"  Owen  ;  Clol,  pericra- 
nium, Davies;  Boxhorn. — Germ,  kleuel, 

To  CLOMPH,  Clamph,  v.  n.  To  walk  in  a 
dull,  heavy  manner;  generally  said  of  one 
whose  shoes  are  too  large,  Ettr.  For. 
Synon.  Cloff.     V.  Clamper  up. 

CLOOK,s.  A  claw  or  talon,  &c.  V.  Cleuck. 

CLOOR,  s.     A  tumour.     V.  Clour. 

CLOOT,  s.     The  same  with  Clute. 

CLOOTIE,  Clutie,  s.  A  ludicrous  designa- 
tion given  to  the  Devil,  rather  too  much 
in  the  style  of  those  who  "  say  that  there 
is  neither  angel  nor  spirit ;"  sometimes 
Auld  Clootie,  S.O.,  Mearns.     V.  Clute. 

CLORT,  s.  1.  Any  miry  or  soft  substance, 
especially  that  which  is  adhesive  and  con- 
taminating, S.B.  2.  The  thick  bannocks 
baked  for  the  use  of  the  peasantry  are 
denominated  Clorts,  Buchau.     Hence, 

To  CLORT,  v.  a.  To  clort  on,  to  prepare 
bread  of  this  description,  ibid. 

CLORTY,  adj.  Dirty.  V.  Clarty. 

CLOSE,  s.  1.  A  passage;  an  entry,  S.  cloce, 
Douglas.  Arnot.  2.  An  area  before  a 
house,  Roxb.  3.  A  court-yard  beside  a 
farm-house  in  which  cattle  are  fed,  and 
where  straw,  &c.  is  deposited,  S.  4.  An 
enclosure,  a  place  fenced  in. — Belg.  kluyse, 

*  CLOSE,  adv.  Constantly  ;  always ;  by  a 
slight  transition  from  the  use  of  the  term 
in  E. ;  as,  "  Do  you  aye  get  a  present 
when  you  gang  to  see  your  auntie  ?" 
"  Aye,  close,"  Roxb. 

CLOSE  BED.  A  kind  of  wooden  bed  still 
much  used  in  the  houses  of  the  peasantry, 
S.     V.  Box-bed. 

CLOSEEVIE,  Clozeevie,  s.  "  The  haill 
closeevie,"  the  whole  collection,  Clydes. 

CLOSE-HEAD,  .<.  The  entry  of  a  blind 
alley,  S.     Heart  Mid-Loth. 

CLOSER,  s.  The  act  of  shutting  up ;  E. 
closure.     Acts  Cha.  I. 

CLOSERIS,  Clousouris,  s.  pi.  Enclosures. 


pi.     Perhaps  clasps,  or 

hooks  and  eyes. — O.Fr.  closier,  custos. 

*  CLOSET,  s.      LA  sewer.     2.  A  night- 
chair.     Aberd.  _/?e</.— Lat.  cloaca. 

CLOSTER,  ?.     A  cloister,  S. 




To  CLOTCH,  v.  a.  and  n.  As  Clatch,  q.  v., 

CLOTCH,  s.  1 .  "  A  worn-out  cart,  shaking 
to  pieces,  or  any  other  machine  almost 
useless,"  S.B.  Gl.  Surv.  Nairn.  2.  "  A 
person  with  a  broken  constitution,"  ibid. 
This  is  evidently  the  same  with  Clatch, 
q.  v.     3.  A  bungler,  Aberd. 

CLOVE  (of  a  mill)  s.  That  which  sepa- 
rates what  are  called  the  bridgeheads,  S. 
V.  Cloff. 

CLOVES,  s.  pi.  An  instrument  of  wood, 
which  closes  like  a  vice,  used  by  carpen- 
ters for  holding  their  saws  firm  while 
they  sharpen  them,  S.  V.  Cloff. 

CLOUYS,  s.  pi.  Claws.  Douglas.— Su.G. 
klaa,  pron.  klo,  a  claw. 

To  CLOUK,  v.  a.  To  cluck  as  a  hen, 
Clydes.     V.  Clock,  Clok,  t. 

CLOUP,  g.    A  quick  bend  in  a  stick,  Dumfr. 

CLOUPIE,  s.  A  walking-staff  having  the 
head  bent  in  a  semicircular  form,  ibid. 
Synon.  Crummie-staff. — C.B.  clopa,  a  club 
or  knob,  clicpa,  a  club  at  the  end  of  a 
stick  ;  Teut.  kluppel,  stipes,  fustis,  bacu- 
lus,  clava. 

CLOUP1T,  part.  adj.  Having  the  head 
bent  in  a  semicircular  form  ;  applied  to  a 
walking-staff,  ibid. 

To  CLOUR,  Clowr,  v.  a.  1.  To  cause  a 
tumour,  S.  Ramsay.  2.  To  produce  a 
dimple,  S.     Poems  Buchan  Dial. 

CLOUR,  s.  1.  A  bump  ;  a  tumour,  in  con- 
sequence of  a  stroke  or  fall,  S.  8.  P. 
Repr.  2.  A  dint  caused  by  a  blow,  S.  3. 
A  stroke,  Bord.     Guy  Mannering. 

CLOUSE,  Clush,  s.  A  sluice,  S.  Acts  Ja. 
IV.— Fr.  ecluse,  id.  Arm.  clem,  a  ditch. 

To  CLOUT,  v.  a.  To  beat ;  to  strike ;  pro- 
perly with  the  hands,  S.  Ferguson. — Teut. 
Mots-en,  pulsare. 

CLOUT,  s.  1.  A  cuff;  a  blow,  S.  Ritson.  2. 
It  is  used  to  denote  a  drubbing,  a  defeat. 

To  Fa'  Clout,  To  fall,  or  come  to  the 
ground  with  considerable  force.  To  come 
with  a  douss,  synon.,  Fife. 

CLOW,  Clowe,  s.  1.  The  spice  called  a 
clove,  S. — Fr.  clou,  id.,  as  Johns,  justly 
observes,  from  its  similitude  to  a  nail. 
2.  One  of  the  lamina  of  a  head  of  garlic, 
S.;  like  clore,  E.  3.  The  do re-gilliflower, 

To  CLOW,  r.  a.  To  beat  down,  Galloway  ; 
used  both  literally  and  metaphorically. 

To  CLOW,  v.  a.  To  eat  or  sup  up  greedily, 
Ettr.  For. 

CLOWE,  s.  A  hollow  between  hills.  Sir 
Gaican  and  Sir  Gal.  The  same  with 
Cleugh,  q.  v.,  also  Cloff. 

CLOWG,  s.  A  small  bar  of  wood,  fixed  to 
the  door-post,  in  the  middle,  by  a  screw- 
nail,  round  which  it  moves,  so  that  either 
end  of  it  may  be  turned  round  over  the 
end  of  the  door  to  keep  it  close,  Ren- 
frews. — Most  probably  from  E.  clog,  as 
denoting  a  hindrance. 

CLOWIS,  Small  round  pieces.  Gaivan 
and  Gol. — A.S.  cleow ;  Teut.  klouice, 

CLOWIT,  part.  pa.  "  Made  of  clews, 
woven."  Rudd.  Douglas. — Teut.  klomce, 

CLOWNS,  8.  pi.  Butterwort,  an  herb, 
Roxb. ;  also  called  Sheep-rot,  q.  v. 

To  CLOWTTER,  v.  n.  To  work  in  a  dirty 
way,  or  to  perform  dirty  work,  Fife. 
Clutter,  Ang.     V.  Cloiter. 

*  CLUB,  s.  1.  A  stick  crooked  at  the  lower 
end,  and  prepared  with  much  care,  for  the 
purpose  of  driving  the  bat  in  the  game  of 
Shinty,  S.  2.  Transferred  to  the  instru- 
ment used  in  the  more  polished  game  of 
Golf;  a  Golf-,  or  Gouf-club,  S.   V.  Golf. 

CLUBBER,  s.'  V.  Clibber. 

CLUBBISH,  adj.  Clumsy  ;  heavy;  and  dis- 
proportionably  made,  Roxb. — Su.G.  kluh- 
ba,  clava;  E.  club;  or  klubb,  nodus;  a  knot 
in  a  tree. 

CLUBBOCK,  s.  The  spotted  Blenny,  a 
fish.  Blennius  gunnellus,  Linn.  Statist. 

CLUB-FITTIT,  part.  adj.  Having  the  foot 
turned  too  much  inward,  as  resembling  a 
club,  Loth. 

CLUBSIDES  YOU.  A  phrase  used  by  boys 
at  Shinny  or  Shinty,  when  a  player  strikes 
from  the  wrong  hand,  Aberd.  Perhaps  q. 
"  Use  your  club  on  the  right  side." 

CLUDFAWER,s.  A  spurious  child,Teviotd.; 
q.  fallen  from  the  clouds. 

CLU'F,  Cluif,  s.  1.  A  hoof,  Rudd.;c/«,  S.B. 
— Su.G.  k/of,  ungula.  2.  A  claw,  Rudd. 
— Teut.  kluyve,  unguis. 

To  CLUFF,  v.  a.  To  strike  with  the  fist;  to 
slap  ;  to  cuff,  Roxb. 

CLUFF,  s.  A  stroke  of  this  description  ;  a 
cuff ;  also  expl.  "  A  blow  given  with  the 
open  hand,"  ibid.— Belg.  klouw-en,  to 
bang;  klouw,  "a  stroke  or  blow;  most 
properly  with  the  fist ;"  Sewel. 

CLUKIS.     V.  Cleuck. 

CLUM, part.  pa.  Clomb  or  climbed,  Roxb.; 
Clum,  pret,  S.O. 

CLUMM  YN,  part.  pa.  of  Climb.     Douglas. 

CLUMP,  s.  A  heavy  inactive  fellow,  S. — 
Su.G.  Mump,  Teut.  klompe,  a  mass. 

To  CLUMSE,  r.  n.  Expl. "  to  die  of  thirst," 

CLUNG,  part.  pa.  Empty,  applied  to  the 
stomach  or  belly  after  long  fasting,  S. — 
From  E.  cling,  to  dry  up.     Ross. 

To  CLUNK,  v.  n.  To  emit  a  hollow  and 
interrupted  sound,  as  that  proceeding 
from  any  liquid  confined  in  a  cask,  when 
shaken,  if  the  cask  be  not  full,  S. — Dan. 
glunk,  the  guggling  of  a  narrow-mouthed 
pot  or  strait-necked  bottle  when  it  is 
emptying  ;  Sw.  kluuk-a,  to  guggle  ;  Isl. 
k/unk-a,  resonare. 

CLUNK,  s.  The  cry  of  a  hen  to  her  young, 
when  she  has  found  food  for  them,  South 
ofS.    Cluck,  E. 




CLUNK,  s.    A  draught,  West  Loth.— Sw. 

klunk,  id. 
CLUNKER,  s.    A  tumour;  a  bump,  Ang. 
CLUNKERD,  Clunkert,  part.  adj.  Cover- 
ed with  clunkers;  applied  to  a  road,  or 
floor,  that  is  overlaid  with  clots  of  indu- 
rated dirt,  S.B. 
CLUNKERS,  s.  pi.     Dirt  hardened  in  clots, 
so  as  to  render  a  road,  pavement,  or  floor 
unequal,  S. — Germ,  clunkern,  a  knot  or 
clod  of  dirt. 
CLUPH,  s.  An  idle  trifling  creature,  Roxb. 
CLUPHIN,^a;«.  pr.  Cluphin  about  the  fire; 
spending  time  in  an  idle  and  slovenly  way, 
ibid.;  synon.  Cloffin,  s.  1. 
CLUSHAN,  Cow-clushan,  s.    The  dung  of 
a  cow,  as  it  drops  in  a  small  heap,  Dumfr. 
—  Isl.  Uessing-r,  conglutinatio  ;  klessa, 
litura.     V.  Tcshlach. 
CLUSHET,?.  1.  The  udder  of  a  cow,  Roxb. 
— Perhaps  from  S.  douse,  clush,  Fr.  ecluse. 
2.  The  stomach  of  a  sow,  Liddesdale. 
CLUSHET,  s.  One  who  has  the  charge  of  a 
cow-house,   Liddesd.     Byremau,  synon. 
CLUT,  s.    Perhaps,  a  quantity.    Ab.  Reg. 

— Teut.  kluyte,  inassa  I 
CLUTE,  Cloot,  s.  1.  The  half  of  the  hoof 
of  any  cloven-footed  animal,  S.  liamsay. 
2.  The  whole  hoof,  S.  3.  Metaph.  used 
for  a  single  beast,  S.  Bob  Boy. — Germ. 
cluft,  fissura,  or  A.S.  cleofed,  fissus. 
To  Tak  the  Clute.     To  run  off;  applied  to 

cattle,  S.O.     Picken. 
CLUTHER,s.  Aheap ;  a  crowd,  Galloway. 
CLUTIE,  s.     A  name  given  to  the  devil. 

V.  Clootie. 
CLUTTERING,  part.  pr.    Doing  any  piece 
of  business  in  an  awkward  and  dirty  way, 
S.B. — Teut.  kleuter-en,  tuditare. 
COACT,  Coactit,  part.  pa.    Forced,  con- 
strained.— Lat  coact-us. 
COAL-GUM,  s.    The  dust  of  coals,  Clydes. 

A  corr.  of  coal-coom.     V.  Panwood. 
COAL-HOODIE,s.  The  black -headed  Bunt- 
ing, Mearns. 
COAL-STALK,  s.     1.  A  name  given  to  the 
vegetable  impressions  found  on  stones  in 
coal  mines. 
COALS.     To  bring  ocer  the  coals,  to  bring  to 
a  severe  reckoning,  S.  Forbes.    Referring, 
most  probably,  to  the  ordeal  by  fire. 
A  Cauld  Coal  to  blaw  at.      A  proverbial 
phrase  still  commonly  used  to  denote  any 
work  that  eventually  is  quite  unprofit- 
able, S.     M.  Bruce's  Lectures. 
COALSTEALER  RAKE.    A  thief;  a  va- 
gabond ;  or  one  who  rakes  during  night 
for  the  purpose  of  depredation,  Roxb.— 
Rake,  from  A.S.  rac-an,  dilatare  ;  Su.G. 
rak-a,  currere. 
COATS,  Coittis,  s.  pi.    A  modification  of 

quotts,  q.  v. 
COAT-TAIL.    To  sit,  to  gang,  &c,  ozone's 
aiii  coat  tail;  to  live,  or  to  do  any  thing, 
on  one's  personal  expense,  S.  Rob  Roy. 

COB,  s.      The  husk  of  peas ;  as,  peas-cob, 

Dumfr.    Apparently  from  C.B.  cyb,  id. 
To  COB,  b.  a.  To  beat  one  on  the  backside. 
COBBING,  s.    The  act  of  beating  as  above 
described,  ibid.    Cob  denotes  a  blow,  Der- 
byshire, v.  Grose. — C.B.  cob,  "  a  knock, 
a  thump;  cob-iaw,  to  thump;  cobiur,  a 
thumper,"  Owen. 
COBLE,  Kobil,  8.  1.  A  small  boat;  a  yawl, 
S.  A.S.  couple,  navicula.     Wyntoim.     2. 
A  larger  kind  of  fishing  boat,  S.     The 
term  is  now  generally  used  to  denote  a 
flat-bottomed  boat.    3.  Halt  coble,  a  place 
for  steeping  malt,  in  order  to  brewing,  S. 
— Germ,  kubel,  a  vat  or  tub. 
Net  and  Coble,  the  means  by  which  sasine 
is  given  in  fishings,  S. — "  The  symbols  for 
land  are  earth  and  stone ;  for  mills,  clap 
and  happer  ;  for  fishings,  net  and  coble." 
Ersk.  Inst. 
To  COBLE,  t\  a.  To  steep  malt.  Fountain- 
COBLE,  s.    A  square  seat,  or  Avhat  is  called 

a  table-seat,  in  a  church,  S. 
COBLE,  s.  1 .  An  apparatus  for  the  amuse- 
ment of  children ;  a  beam  being  placed 
across  a  wall,  with  the  ends  equally  pro- 
jecting, so  that  those  who  are  placed  at 
each  end  may  rise  and  fall  alternately  ;  a 
see-saw ;  or  titter-totter,  Roxb.     2.  The 
amusement  itself,  ibid. 
To  COBLE,  r.  n.  1.  To  take  this  amusement, 
ibid.    2.  A  stepping-stone  is  said  to  coble, 
when  it  moves  under  one  who  steps  on  it, 
ibid.    3.  Applied  to  ice  which  undulates 
when  one   passes  over  its  surface,  ibid. ; 
also  pron.  Coicble. 
COBLIE,  adj.  Liable  to  such  rocking  or  un- 
dulatory  motion,  ibid.    Synon.  Cogglie, 
Cocker  sum,  S. 
COBOISCHOUN,      Coboschoun,      Cabos- 
choun,  s. — "  The  beazill,  collet,  head,  or 
highest  part  of  a  ring,  or  Jewell,  wherein 
the  stone  is  set ;  also  the  bosse,  or  rising 
of  the  stone  itself,"  Cotgr.— From  caboche, 
the    head,   apparently   corr.    from   Lat. 
COBWORM,s.  The  larva  of  the  Cockchaffer, 

Scarabaeus  melolontha.     Statist.  Ace. 
COCHACHDERATIE,  s.  An  office,  said  to 
have  been  anciently  held  in  Scotland. — 
Apparently  corr.  of  Toscheoderach,  deputy 
of  the  Mair  of  fee,  which  latter  office 
seems  to  have  been  equivalent  to  that  of 
our  Sheriff-substitute. 
COCHBELL,  s.    An  earwig,  Loth. 
To  COCK,  r.  a.  1.  To  mount  a  culprit  on  the 
back  of  another,  as  of  the  janitor  at  schools, 
in  order  to  his  being  flogged,  S.    To  horse 
one,  E.     2.  To  throw  up  any  thing  to  a 
high  place,  whence  it  cannot  be  easily 
taken  down,  Aberd. 
To  COCK,  v.  n.     To  miss  ;  a  word  used  by 
boys  in  playing  at  taw  or  marbles,  Aberd. 
To  COCK,  r.  n.  Expl. "  to  resile  from  an  en- 
gagement ;  to  draw  back  or  eat  in  one's 




words,  Roxb.  Celt,  coc,  coq,  a  liar.  V.  To 
cry  Cok,  vo.  Cok. 

COCK,  s.  The  mark  for  which  curlers  play, 
S.  Called  iu  some  places  the  Tee,  q.  v. 

COCK,  s.     A  cap ;  a  head-dress,  S.B.  Boss. 

COCK-A-BENDY,  s.  1.  An  instrument  for 
twisting  ropes,  consisting  of  a  hollow  piece 
of  wood  held  in  the  hand,  through  which 
a  pin  runs.  In  consequence  of  this  pin 
being  turned  round,  the  rope  is  twisted, 
Ayrs.  2.  Expl. "  A  sprightly  boy,"  Dumfr. 

*  COCK-A-HOOP,  The  E.  phrase  is  used 
to  denote  a  bumper,  Fife.  One  who  is 
half  seas  over,  is  also  said  to  be  cock-a- 
hoop,  ibid. ;  which  is  nearly  akin  to  the  E. 
sense,  "  triumphant,  exulting."  Spenser 
uses  cock  on  hoop,  which  seems  to  deter- 
mine the  origin;  q.  the  cock  seated  on  the 
top  of  his  roost. 

COCKALAN,  s.  LA  comic  or  ludicrous  re- 
presentation. Acts  Ja.  VI.— Ft.  coq  a 
Pane,  a  libel,  a  pasquin,  a  satire.  Defined 
in  the  Dictionary  of  the  Academy,  "  Dis- 
cours  qui  n'a  point  de  suite,  de  liaison,  de 
raison."     2.  An  imperfect  writing. 

COCKALORUM-LIKE,  adj.  Foolish;  ab- 
surd, Ayrs.     The  Entail. 

COCKANDY,s.  The  Puffin.  Alca  arctica, 
Linn.  S.  Taminorie,  Tommy-nodd if,  Orkn. 

COCK  and  KEY.     A  stop-cock,  S. 

COCK  and  PAIL.     A  spigot  and  faucet,  S. 

COCK-A-PENTIE,  s.  One  whose  pride 
makes  him  live  and  act  above  his  income, 

COCKAWINIE,  Cackawynnie.  To  ride 
cockaiclnle,  to  ride  on  the  shoulders  of  an- 
other, Dumfr.  Syn.  with  Cockerdehoy,S.B. 

COCK-BEAD-PLANE,  s.  A  plane  for  mak- 
ing a  moulding  which  projects  above  the 
common  surface  of  the  timber,  S. — As  bead 
denotes  a  moulding,  S.,  the  term  cock  may 
refer  to  the  projection  or  elevation. 

COCK-BIRD-HIGHT,  s.  1.  Tallness  equal 
to  that  of  a  male  chicken ;  as,  "  It's  a  fell 
thing  for  you  to  gie  yoursel  sic  airs  ;  you're 
no  cock-bird-hight  yet,"  S.  2.  Metaph. 
transferred  to  elevation  of  spirits. 

COCK-BREE,  s.  Cock-broth,  Roxb.  Cockie- 
leekle,  synon.    St.  Ronan. 

COCK-CROWN  KAIL.  Broth  heated  a 
second  time  ;  supposed  to  be  such  as  the 
cock  has  croic'd  over,  being  a  day  old, 
Roxb.     Synon.  Cauld  kail  het  again,  S. 

COCKEE,  s.  In  the  diversion  of  curling,  the 
place  at  each  end  of  the  rink  or  course, 
whence  the  stones  must  be  hurled,  and 
which  they  ought  to  reach,  generally 
marked  by  a  cross,  within  a  circle,  S. A. ; 
Cock,  Loth.     Davidson's  Seasons. 

COCKER,  Cockin',  s.  The  sperm  of  an  egg; 
the  substance  supposed  to  be  injected  by 
the  cock,  S. 
To  COCKER,  v.  n.    To  be  in  a  tottering 
state,  Loth.    Hence, 

COCKERING,  part.  pr.  Tottering;  threat- 
ening to  tumble ;  especially  in  consequence 
of  being  placed  too  high,  ibid. 

COCKERDECOSIE,  adv.  Synon.  with 
Cockerdehoy,  Mearns. 

COCKERDEHOY.  To  ride  cockerdehoy; 
to  sit  on  the  shoulders  of  another,  in 
imitation  of  riding  on  horseback,  S.B. — 
Fr.  coquardeau,  a  proud  fool. 

COCKERIE,  adj.  Unsteady  in  position, 
Perths.    The  same  with  Cockersum. 

COCKERIENESS,  s.  The  state  of  being 
Cockerle,  ibid. 

COCKERNONNY,  s.  The  gathering  of  a 
young  woman's  hair,  when  it  is  wrapt  up 
in  a  band  or  fillet,  commonly  called  a 
snood,  S.  Ramsay. — Teut.  koker,  a  case, 
and  nonne,2i  nun;  q.such  a  sheath  for  fixing 
the  hair  as  the  nuns  were  wont  to  use. 

COCKERSUM,  adj.  Unsteady  in  position; 
threatening  to  fall  or  tumble  over,  S. — 
Fr.  coquarde,  a  cap,  worn  proudly  on  the 
one  side. 

COCK-HEAD,s.  The  herb  All-heal,  Stachya 
palustris,  Linn.,  Lanarks. 

COCKY,  adj.  Vain;  affecting  airs  of  impor- 
tance, S.B.    From  the  E.  v.  to  cock.  Ross. 

COCKIE-BENDIE,  s.  1.  The  cone  of  the 
fir-tree,  Renfr.  2.  Also  the  large  conical 
buds  of  the  plane-tree,  ibid. 

COCKIE-BREEKIE,  s.  The  same  with 
Cockerdehoy,  Fife. — Isl.  kock-r,  coacerva- 
tus,  and  Sw.  brek-a,  divaricare,  to  stride. 

COCKIE-LEEKIE,  s.  Soup  made  of  a  cock 
boiled  with  leeks,  S. 

COCKIELEERIE,  ?.  A  term  expressive 
of  the  sound  made  by  a  cock  in  crowing, 
S  —  Teut.  kockeloer-en,  to  cry  like  a  cock. 

COCKIE-RIDIE-ROUSIE,  s.  1.  A  game 
among  children,  in  which  one  rides  on  the 
shoulders  of  another,  with  a  leg  on  each 
side  of  his  neck,  and  the  feet  over  on  his 
breast,  Roxb.  2.  It  is  also  used  as  a 
punishment  inflicted  by  children  on  each 
other,  for  some  supposed  misdemeanour. 

COCKILOORIE,  s.  A  daisy,  Shetl.— Per- 
haps from  Su.G.  koka, the  sward,  andlura, 
to  lie  hid  ;  q.  what  lies  hidden  during 
winter  in  the  sward. 

COCKLAIRD,  s.  A  landholder,  who  him- 
self possesses  and  cultivates  all  his  estate; 
a  yeoman,  S.    Kelly. 

COCKLE,  Cokkil,  s.  A  scallop. — Fr.  co- 
qullle.  The  Order  of  the  Cockle,  that  of 
St.  Michael,  the  knights  of  which  wore  the 
scallop  as  their  badge.     Complaynt  S. 

To  COCKLE  the  cogs  of  a  mill,  to  make  a 
slight  incision  on  the  cogs,  for  directing 
in  cutting  off  the  ends  of  them,  so  that 
the  whole  may  preserve  the  circular  form. 
The  instrument  used  is  called  the  cockle, 
Loth. — Germ,  and  mod.  Sax.  kughcl-en, 
rotundare,from^e/jGerni.  kughel, 
a  globe,  any  thing  round. 
To  COCKLE,  v.  n.  "  To  cluck  as  a  hen," 
Roxb,— -From  the  pame  origin  with  E. 



cackle,  Teut.    kaeckel-en,  Su.G.   kakl-a, 

COCKLE-CUTIT,  adj.  Having  bad  ancles, 
so  that  the  feet  seem  to  be  twisted  away 
from  them;  lying  outwards,  Lanarks. — 
Isl.  koeckull,  condylus  ;  q.  having  a  de- 
fect in  the  joints. 

COCKLE-HEADED,«/7?.  Whimsical ; mag- 
goty ;  singular  in  conduct,  S.  Cock-brained 
is  used  in  the  same  sense  in  E.  Rob  Roy. 
— C.B. coegralch  signifies  conceited,  proud. 

COCKMAN',s.    A  sentinel.  Martin's  West 

Isl.     V.  GOCKMIN. 

COCK-MELDER,  s.  The  last  melder  or 
grinding  of  a  year's  grain,  Lanarks. 
Dustymelder,  synon.  As  this  melder  con- 
tains more  refuse  (which  is  called  dust) 
than  any  other,  it  may  be  thus  denomi- 
nated, because  a  larger  share  of  it  is  al- 
lowed to  the  dunghill-fowls. 

COCK-PADDLE,  s.  The  Lump,  a  fish; 
Cyclopterus  lumpus,  Linn.  The  Paddle, 
Orkn.     Sibbald. 

COCK-RAW, adj.  Rare;  sparingly  roasted, 
or  boiled,  Loth.  Roxb.     Synon.  Thain. 

COCKREL,  s.  The  same  with  E.  cockerel, 
a  young  cock ;  used  to  denote  a  young 
male  raven.     Davidson's  Seasons. 

COCKROSE,  s.  Any  wild  poppy  with  a 
red  flower,  t'oprose,  A.Bor. 

COCKS.  To  cast  at  the  cocks  ;  to  waste,  to 
squander,S.  From  the  barbarous  custom  of 
throwing  for  a  piece  of  money  at  a  cock 
tied  to  a  stake.     Ramsay. 

COCK'S-CAIM,  s.  Meadow  Pinks,  or  Cuc- 
koo Flower,  Lychnis  flos  cuculi,  Lanarks. 

COCK'S-COMB,s.  Adder's  tongue.  Ophio- 
glossum  vulgatum,  Linn.,  Roxb. 

COCKS  CROWING.  If  cocks  crow  before 
the  Ha' -door, it  isviewedas  betokeningthe 
immediate  arrival  of  strangers,  Teviotd. 

COCKSIE,  adj.  Affecting  airs  of  impor- 
tance, Lanarks.    Synon.  with  Cocky,  q.v. 

COCKSTRIDE,  s.  A  very  short  distance  ; 
q.  as  much  as  may  be  included  in  the 
stride  of  a  cock.  Ettr.  For.     Hogg. 

COCK-STULE,  Cukstcle,*.  1.  The  cuck- 
ing-stool or  tumbrell.  Bur.Laiccs. — Teut. 
kolcken,  ingurgitare,  or  kaccke, the  pillory. 
2.  This  term  has  accordingly  been  used 
in  later  times  to  denote  the  pillory,  S. 

COCKE  P,  s.  A  hat  or  cap  turned  up  before. 

COD,  g.  1.  A  pillow,  S.  A.Bor.  Compl.  S. 
2.  In  a  secondary  sense,  a  cushion,  S.  3. 
In  pi.  corfs  denotes  a  sort  of  cushion, which 
the  common  people  in  many  parts  of  the 
country  use  in  riding,  in  lieu  of  a  saddle 
or  pillion,  S.  Synon.  Sonks,  Sunks. — A.S. 
coclde,  a  bag ;  Isl.  kodde,  a  pillow. 

To  COD  out,  v.  n.  Grain  which  has  been 
too  ripe  before  being  cut,  in  the  course  of 
handling  is  said  to  cod  out,  Roxb.  ;  from 
its  separating  easily  from  the  husk  or 

CODBAIT,.r.  1.    The  Lumbricus  marinus. 

>  COG 

Loth.  2.  The  straw-worm,  ibid. — A.S. 
codd,  folliculus. 

CODBER,  s.     A  pillowslip.     Inventories. 

COD-CRUNE,  s.  A  curtain-lecture,  Fife. 
Cod  crooning,  id.,  Selkirks,  from  cod,  a 
pillow,  and  crime,  as  denoting  a  murmur- 
ing or  complaining  sound. — Teut.  kreun- 
en,  conqueri.  It  is  otherwise  called  a 
Bowster-  (i.  e.  bolster)  lecture.   V.  Croyn. 

CODDERAR,  s.  Perhaps  sorner  or  beggar. 

CODE,  s.     A  chrisom.  V.  Cude. 

CODGEBELL,s.  An  earwig.  V.Cochbell. 

COD-HULE,s.  A  pillowslip,  Roxb.  Q.the 
husk  or  covering  of  a  pillow.  Synon.  Cod- 

To  CODLE  (corn),  r.  a.  To  make  the  grains 
fly  out  of  the  husks  by  a  stroke,  S.B.  Per- 
haps from  cod,  the  pod. 

CODROCH,  adj.  1.  Rustic,  having  the 
manners  of  the  country,  Loth.  Fife.  Fer- 
guson. 2.  Dirty,  slovenly,  synon.  hogry- 
mogry,hoth. — It. cudar, the  rabble  ;  Gael. 
codromtha, unci  vi\ized,codramach,  a  rustic. 

CODRUGH,  adj.  Used  as  synon.  with 
Caldrife,  Strathmore. — Perhaps  of  Teut. 
origin,  from  koude,  cold,  and  rijck,  added 
to  many  words,  as  increasing  their  signi- 
fication ;  blind-ryck,  q.  rich  in  blindness  ; 
doof-ri/ck,  very  deaf;  dul-rijck,  &c. 

COD  WARE,  s.  A  pillow-slip,  S.— A.S. 
icaer,  retinaculum,  Su.G.  war,  id.,  from 
waeri,  to  keep,  to  cover. 

COELTS,  s.  pi.     Colts.  Monroe. 

To  COFF,  Coffe,  v.  a.  1.  To  buy;  to  pur- 
chase, S.,  most  commonly  in  the  pret. 
coft.  Shirre/s.  2.  To  procure,  although 
not  in  the  way  of  absolute  purchase  ;  used 
improperly.  Blue  Book  of  Seton.  3.  To 
barter,  to  exchange.  Rentall  of  Orkn. — 
Germ,  kaufte,  bought,  from  kauf-en;  Su.G. 
koep-a,  to  buy.     V.  Coup,  v. 

COFE,  s.  Bargain,  perhaps  strictly  by  bar- 
ter or  exchange. — This  seems  originally 
the  same  with  Coup,  exchange,  q.  v.  Sw. 
koep  signifies  a  purchase,  a  bargain.  But 
cofe  in  form  more  nearly  resembles  Germ. 
kauff,  id.     V.  Coff,  r. 

COFFE,  Cofe,  Coife.  A  merchant ;  a  hawk- 
er ;  pedder  coffe,  a  pedler.     Ban.  Poems. 

COFE  and  CHANGE,  is  a  phrase  which 
occurs  in  our  old  acts.  Cofe  may  be 
synon.  with  change,  as  denoting  exchange 
or  barter. 

COFFING,  Cofyne,  s.  1.  A  shrine ;  a  box. 
Wyntoicn.  2.  The  hard  crust  of  bread. 
Douglas. — Lat.  cophin-us,  a  basket. 

COFT, pret.und part. pa.  Bought.  V.Coff. 

To  COG,  r.  a.  To  place  a  stone,  or  a  piece 
of  wood,  so  as  to  prevent  the  wheel  of  a 
carriage  from  moving,  S. 

COG,  Coag,  Coig,  Cogue,  s.  1.  A  hollow 
wooden  vessel  of  a  circular  form  for  hold- 
ing milk,  broth,  &c,  S.  Watson's  Coll. — 
Germ,  hauch,  a  hollow  vessel;  C.B.  caicg, 
a  bason  ;  Gael,  cuachan,  also  coggan,  a 
bowl,  a  cup.     2.  A  measure  used  at  some 




mills,  containing  the.fourth  part  of  a  peck, 
S.B.  3.  This  terra  is  sometimes  metaph. 
used  to  denote  intoxicating  liquor,  like 
E.  bowl.     Tannahitt. 

To  COG,  Cogue,  v.  a.  To  empty  into  a 
wooden  vessel.  Ramsay. 

COG,  Cogge,  s.  A  yawl  or  cockboat.  Wyn- 
town. — Teut.  kogghe,  celox  ;  Su.G.  kogg, 
navigii  genus,  apud  veteres. 

COGFUL,  Cogfu',  s.  As  much  as  a  cog  or 
wooden  bowl  contains,  S.  Corr.  cogill, 
Angus.     The  Pirate. 

COGGIE,  s.  A  small  wooden  bowl,  S.  A 
dimin.  from  Cog.     Jacob.  Relics. 

To  COGGLE  up,  r.  a.  To  prop;  to  support, 
Ang.    Synon.  to  Stut. 

COGGLIE,  Coggly,  adj.  Moving  from  side 
to  side;  unsteady  as  to  position;  apt  to  be 
overset,  S.  Cockersum  synon.  Gait. 

COGGLIN,  8.  A  support,  Ang.  Synon.  Stut. 

COGLAN-TREE.  It  is  supposed  that  this 
is  a  corr.  of  Covin  Tree,  q.  v. 

To  COGLE,  Coggle,  r.  a.  To  cause  any 
thing  to  move  from  side  to  side,  so  as  to 
seem  ready  to  be  overset,  S. —  Perhaps 
from  cog,  a  yawl,  because  this  is  so  easily 
overset.  Or  from  Teut.  koghel,  Dan.  higle, 
globus,  bugled,  globular. 

COGNOSCA'NCE,  s.  A  badge  in  heraldry. 
— E.  cognizance  ;  0.  Fr.  Coqnoissance. 

To  COGNOSCE,  v.  n.  To  inquire  ;  to  in- 
vestigate ;  often  in  order  to  giving  judg- 
ment in  a  cause.    Spalding. 

To  COGNOSCE,  r.  a.  1.  To  scrutinize  the 
character  of  a  person,  or  the  state  of  a 
thing,  in  order  to  a  decision,  or  for  regu- 
lating procedure.  Ibid.  2.  To  pronounce 
a  decision  in  consequence  of  investiga- 
tion. Chalmers's  Mary.  3.  To  pronounce 
a  person  to  be  an  idiot,  or  furious,  by  the 
verdict  of  an  inquest  ;  a  forensic  term,  S. 
Erskine's  Inst.  4.  To  survey  lands  in 
order  to  a  division  of  property. — Lat. 
cognosc-ere,  pro  Jurisdictionem  exercere. 

To  COGNOST,  r.  ».  Spoken  of  two  or 
more  persons  who  are  sitting  close  toge- 
ther, conversing  familiarly  with  an  air  of 
secresy,  and  apparently  plotting  some 
piece  of  harmless  mischief,  Upp.Lanarks. 
Nearly  synon.  with  the  E.  phrase,  "  laying 
their  heads  together  ;"  and  with  the  O.E. 
1?.,  still  used  in  S.,  to  Colleague. — From  cog- 
nosce, as  used  in  to  denote  the  proof 
taken  in  order  to  pronounce  a  man  an  idiot 
or  insane. 

COGNOSTIN,  s.  The  act  of  sitting  close  to- 
gether in  secret  conference,  Upp.  Lanarks. 

COGSTER,  s.  The  person  who,  in  the  act 
of  swingling  flax,  first  breaks  it  with  a 
swing-bat,  and  then  throws  it  to  another, 

COG-WAME,  s.     A  protuberant  belly;  q. 

resembling  a  coag.     Herd's  Coll. 
COG-WYMED,  adj.     Having  a  protuber- 
ant belly.  E.  pot-bellied  is  the  term  most 

nearly  allied  ;  but  the  S.  word  is  not 
merely  applied  to  persons  grown  up,  but 
to  children,  those  especially  whose  bellies 
are  distended  by  eating  great  quantities  of 
undigestible  food,  or  of  that  which  is  not 
solid,  S. 

COHOW,  interj.  Used  at  Hide  and  seek, 
Aberd.     Also  written  Cahow,  q.  v. 

To  COY,  r.  a.  Doubtful  ;  perhaps  to  Cow, 
or  Shy.     Keith's  Hist. 

COY,  s.  The  name  given  to  the  ball  used  in 
the  game  of  Shintie,  Dumfr. — C.B.  cog, 
"  a  mass  or  lump  ;  a  short  piece  of  wood ;" 

COY,  adj.  Still,  quiet.  Lyndsay.—Yv.  coi, 
coy,  id.,  from  Lat.  quiet- us. 

COIDOCH,  Coydyoch,  s.  A  term  of  con- 
tempt applied  to  a  puny  wight.  Poheart. 

COYDUKE,  s.  1.  A  decoy-duck  ;  used  to 
denote  a  man  employed  by  a  magistrate 
to  tempt  people  to  swear,  that  they  might 
be  fined.  2.  It  is  also  commonly  used  to 
denote  a  person  employed  by  a  seller,  at  a 
roup  or  auction,  to  give  fictitious  bodes  or 
offers,  in  order  to  raise  the  price  of  an 
article,  S.  Syn.  a  White-bonnet. 

To  COJEET,  v.  n.  To  agree  ;  to  fit,  Upp. 
Clydes. — Perhaps  from  Fr.  con, and  jett-er, 
to  cast,  to  throw  ;  q.  to  throw  together. 

COIF,  s.  A  cave.     Douglas. 

COIFI,  s.  The  arch-druid,  or  high-priest 
among  the  Druids.     V.  Coivie. 

COIG.     V.  Cog,  Coag. 

COIL,  s.  An  instrument  formerly  used  in 
boring  for  coals.     V.  Stook,  s.  2. 

COIL,  s.    Coil  of  hay,  cock  of  hav,  Perths. 

COILHEUCH,'s.  A  coalpit,  S.  Skene. 

COILL,  Coyll,  s.     Coal.     Acts  Mary. 

COIN,  Coynye,  s.  A  corner.  Barbour. — 
Fr.  coin,  id.;  Ir.  cuinne,  a  corner,  an  angle. 

To  COIN  YELL,  r.  a.  1.  To  agitate,  as  in 
churning  milk  ;  "  Gi'e  this  a  bit  compel- 
ling," Ayrs.  2.  To  injure  any  liquid,  by 
agitating  it  too  much,  ibid. — Perhaps  a 
dim.  from  Gael,  cuinneog,  a  churn. 

To  CO  IS,  t.  n.    To  exchange.     V  Cose. 

COISSING,  Cherrie  and  Slae.  V.  Cose,  v. 

COIST,  Cost,  s.  1.  The  side  in  the  human 
body. — Lat.  costa.  Douglas.  Wallace. 
2.  The  trunk  of  the  body.  Douglas.  3. 
Also  used  for  E.  coast,  Lat.  ora.     Dour/. 

COIST,  s.  1.  Expense;  cost.  Douglas.'  2. 
The  provision  made  for  watching  the 
borders.  Acts  Ja.  II.— Belg.  Su.G.  host, 
cost,  charge. 

COIST,  s.  1.  Duty  payable  in  kind,  Orkn. 
2.  The  sustenance  given  to  a  servant,  as 
distinct  from  money,  ibid.  Skene. — Su.G. 
Dan.  host,  food. 

COYST,  adj.  A  reproachful  epithet. 

To  COIT,  r.  n.  To  butt;  to  jostle.  Fordun. 
— Fr.  cott-er,  to  butt ;  Isl.  kuettr,  torvus, 
kueita,  violenter  jactare. 

COIT,  Coyt,  s.     A  coat.  Aberd.  Reg. 

To  COIT,  Quoit,  t.  n.  A  term  used  in  Ayrs. 
as  equivalent  to  the  r.  Curl ;  to  amuse 

CO  I 



one's  self  by  curling  on  the  ice.  Cute  is 
used  in  the  same  sense  in  Upp.  Clydes. 

COITE,  s.  A  rate.   The  same  with  Cote,  q.  v. 

COITTS,  s.  pi.    Used  for  Quotts.    V.  Coats. 

COIVIE,  s.  The  name  given  in  Gaelic  to  the 
arch-druid,  written  Cuimhi  or  Chlobhidh. 

COK,  s.     Meaning  doubtful. 

COK.  To  cry  cok,  to  acknowledge  that  one 
is  vanquished.  Douglas. — Q.Oelt.  coc,  me- 
diant, vile. 

COKEWALD,  s.  A  cuckold.  Chauc— Isl. 
growfcaK,curruca,  seu  cornutus;  from  Icron, 
uxor,  and  kvola,  maculare  ;  G.  Andr. 

COLE,  s.  A  cock  of  hay,  Ang.  V.  Coll. 

COLE,  s.  A  cant  term  for  money,  S.O. 

COLE-HUGH,  s.  The  shaft  of  a  coal-pit,  S. 

COLEHOOD,  s.  The  Black-cap,  a  bird,  S. 

COLEHOODING,  s.  The  Black-cap,  a  bird, 
S.     Coalhood.    Slbbald. 

COLEMIE,  Coalmie,  s.  The  Coalfish, 
Asellusniger,  Ang.-— Germ.  kohlnmhleu,\d. 

To  COLF,  v.  a.  To  calk  a  ship.— Fr.  calfat- 
cr,  Teut.  kallefact-en,  id. 

COLFIN,  Calfing,  .*.  The  wadding  of  a 
gun,  S.   Wodrow. 

To  COLFIN,  Cai.fin,  v.  a.  To  fill  with 
wadding,  S.  Piper  of  Peebles. 

COLIBRAND,  s.  A  contemptuous  desig- 
nation for  a  blacksmith,  Border.  Wat- 
son's Coll. — Su.G.  kol,  carbo,  and  brenna, 
urere ;  q.  the  coal-burner. 

COLK,  s.  The  Eider  duck,  a  sea-fowl,  S. 
The  Duntitr  Goose  of  Sibbald.     Monroe. 

COLL,  Cole,  s.  A  cock  of  hay,  S.B.,  A.Bor. 
jloss, — Fr.  cueill-er,  to  gather ;  E.  to  coll. 

To  COLL,  v.  a.  To  put  into  cocks  ;  as, "Has 
he  coll'd  yon  hay  % "  S.B. 

To  COLL,  v.  a.  1.  to  cut ;  to  clip.  To  coll 
the  hair,  to  poll  it,  S.  2.  To  cut  any 
thing  obliquely,  S.— Su.G.  kull-a,  verticis 
capillos  abradere.    V.  Cow. 

COLL,  s.  A  line  drawn,  in  the  amusement 
of  Curling,  across  the  rink  or  course.  The 
stone,  which  does  not  pass  this  line,  is 
called  a  hog,  and  is  thrown  aside,  as  not 
being  counted  in  the  game,  Angus  ;  Collie 
or  Coallie,  Stirlings.     Hog-score,  synon. 

COLLADY-STONE,  g.  A  name  given  to 
quartz,  Roxb.  It  is  also  pron.  Cow-lady- 
stone. — Perhaps  corr.  from  Fr.  cailleteau, 
"  a  chack-stone,  or  little  flint-stone." 

COLLAT,  Collet,  s.  A  collar.— Collet  was 
used  in  the  same  sense  in  O.E.  Fr.  collet, 
"  the  throat,  or  fore  part  of  the  necke  ; 
also  the  coller  of  a  jerkin,  &c. ;  the  cape 
of  a  cloke,"  Cotgr. 

To  COLLATION,  r.  a.  To  compare ;  to 
collate. — Fr.  collation-ner,  id.    Stair. 

COLLAT YOWN,s.  Conferen